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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 1, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FAIR TONIGHT, TUESDAY VOLUME 49, NO. 140 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, AUGUST 1, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FM RADIO IS PERFECT RADIO SIXTEEN PAGES A-Bomb Work on Industrial Basis Youngdahl Favors State Bond Probe Truman Cites Greek Gains, Asks More Aid St. Paul Governor Young-, "The public examiner now Is dahl said today he would welcome i making an audit of the books of the a grand jury investigation of the I state investment board. I havej circumstances surrounding the that he complete this audit! chase of Arkansas state bonds by las soon as possible, the state of Minnesota. j "The study, naturally, Svill include His position was stated in a let-'an examination of the transactions tcr sent today to Mrs. Douglas P.'of the board. He will make a com- Hunt of Montevideo, who public disclosure of the re- ed an inquiry by a grand jury. I suits of his investigation and any Mi's. Hunt, state chairwoman that may be' discov- the Democratic-Fanner-Labor par-iered, as in other audits, will be sub- ty, emphasized in her request to thelmitted to the proper law enforce- governor that she was speaking officers." t an individual. Richard A. Colling, public exam- man told Congress today that the Replying to her .letter, the gov- iner, explained that under the government, with American ernor said: ja copy of his report, if is making "solid progress" "I will welcome a grand jury found, would be sent to the Wjnning its civil war with the Guerrillas Getting Help From Albania, Bulgaria, Claim By John M. Hightower Washington President Tru- vestigation and make available any which we obtain. vfll be glad toitorney genera.l and the legislative! information'advisory committee, over which the 'governor presides as, chairman. British Sloop Runs Red Yangtze Blockade By Wayne Richardson Aboard the H.M.S. Jamaica off Tung Yung ton cruiser made contact today with the shell-battered British sloop Amethyst, amid lusty cheers from the cruiser's 700 men. The Jamaica's mission was to meet the-Amethyst, whose bold escape from Chinese communist captivity in th Yangtze river Saturday made (weapons to prosecute the war. communists. He attributed this to improved Greek leadership, accumulating U. S. military supplies, months of train- ing of Greek soldiers, and '.'determin- ation, decisiveness ar.rt aggressive- ness" in the orders of the Greek high! command. Despite the reported progress mili-j tarily and in the Greek the President declared that guerrilla forces are still strong. He said they! are still receiving help from Albania! Rochester Pilot Hurt At Chatfield Chatfield, Ross Runyon, Rochester pilot, was injured not when his three-passenger air- plane nose-dived in the dirt on a field about seven miles west of here Sunday. Flying here for a visit at the D. B. Crawley farm, Run- attempting to land on a stubble field on the Crawley property. According to reports the plane was almost on the ground, when it nose-dived. The efforts of two men were required to lift a broken, airplane wing so that Runyon could be helped from the cabin. The a.ccident occurred about 3 p. m. yesterday. Runyon is reportedly about 24 3'ears old. He suffered nose and head in- juries and was taken for med- ical treatment by Mr. Crawley to Rochester. and Bulgaria and that the Greek government remains "entirely pendent" on the United States fori The Alsops naval history. Signal flags Preparedness Deadline Established Ry Joseph AIsop displayed by the Jamaica read "welcome back tiddy oggie." Tiddy oggie is a Devonshire i pastry and the crev.'s of both the Amethyst and the Jamaica are west country lads. From the Jamaica I was able to The chief executive in a report Congress covering the first quarter! of this year said that on March 31! the strength of the guerrilla forces was estimated at as compared with a year earlier. He estimated Greek guerrilla losses for the total period of the civil war from June, 1946 to March, 1949 a! killed, surrendered or cap- count seven places where and exclusive of wounded, hits had been patched up by were no reports on the wound- Amethyst's crew. There were num- erous smaller caliber hits on her sides. She had a slight list to port. ed. In the same space of time the Greek army was shown to have suf- fered losses of killed, wounded The Amethyst signaled she was i or missing. is only on line trouble and would set of facts for the Congress tojh t til she made vnii-ir4 bear in mind during consideration of the military aid program for Europe. About a year and a half ago, the American joint chiefs of staff adopted 1952-53 as the plan- necessary repairs. The vessel had been pinned down by the communists in the Yangtze since April 20 when she was caught in a disastrous duel with red shore ning date by which this country Batteries' must be ready for the Soviet union Madden sald the escape was "all War' ?d the'very well planned and conducted. British Chiefs, with an timi also was vital fac. perhaps forced on them by theiru b mnrp difficult -IrcrnnstRnces. havei more difficult circumstances, have been and are using 1955-56. It is easy for the significance of facts of this sort to evaporate, as it were, between the printed page and the eye. But the meaning of these two sets of dates is very clear. The British and American chiefs agree that the Kremlin may be prepared to plunge the world into a third great war within three to six ,years, unlets the Western powers have, in the meanwhile, ac- quired such strength as will deter attack. IN PART THE DATES above given were chosen by the Ameri- can and British chiefs of staff as a result of expert study of the Soviet program to solve the problem of atomic energy. This fact alone makes moronic nonsense of the casualty figures of the guer- the President told Congress, show that in order, to maintain an average guerrilla force of the entire force has had to be replaced three and one half times in the past, three years. He added that surrend- ers are increasing. Mr. Truman Deported that villagers! who wanted'to return to the homesj which they had fled under guerrilla1 attack were being given arms in1 many instances with "favorable re- sults" and that additional rifles will be issued to "capable and reliable citizens" by the Greek army. The her 16-year-old .brother asleep in "The Amethyst slipped cable Saturday night, at Hongkong time, making as little noise as pos- Madden said. "She followed astern of a steamer." The ship was challenged and, ironically, a red gunboat also in the same area was set afire by the reds' gunfire. The Amethyst replied to the shore batteries with -one round of her main armament and a large, amount of fire from her Bren and Stance p Oerlikon guns. Madden said. I He did not specifically say that the Madden said the sloop turned In Soviet union provided arms ana Green Bay Man Kills Wife, Ends Own Life Green Bay, Wis. Johanna Geyer, 13, watched terror stricken yesterday as her father shot and killed her mother and then ended his own life. District Attorney Robert Parins said, William Geyer, 46, a railroad flagman, shot his wife twice through the head as sh'e lay in bed at her home and then put the .32 caliber pistol to his head and committed suicide. Mrs. Geyer, 45, had been i her husband for sev- md .was planning a divorce action, authorities said. Parins said Johanna, youngest of three Geyer children, was in bed with her mother when her father entered the bedroom with the pistol, Mrs. Geyer was reading. The girl awoke as her mother tried to push the weapon away. After the shootings the frightened girl stayed in bed until her 17-year- old sister, Jane, came home some minutes later, Parins said. Jane's screams awakened Merle, United States Joint Chiefs of staff met with the Italian chiefs of staff at Frankfurt, Germany, today just before their conference on European defenses and potentialities under the Atlantic pact. The U. S. staff chiefs are in Europe on a ten-day study of plans for Western European defense against Soviet aggression. Left to right: General Hoyt Vandenberg, U. S. Air Forces commander; General Omar Bradley, U. S. Army chief of staff; Admiral Louis Denfeld, U. S. chief of Naval operations; Lieutenant General' Efisio Marras, Italy's army chief of staff; Vice-Admiral Emilio Ferreri, Italian navy chief of staff, and Lieutenant General Mario Aimone-Cat, Italian air force chief of Wirephoto via ra- dio from Frankfurt to The Republican-Herald.) House Farm Plan Flayed by Brannan Juneau, farmers will not get adequate price pro- tection and consumers are not going to get the dairy products they need under the farm bill recently selected by the House of Representatives. Secretary of Agriculture Brannan passed on this prophesy yesterday in a speech here in the heart of the Midwest's dairyland. He rebuffed armed civilians form their own lo- cal defense units and free Greek troops for offensive action. The improvement in the situa- tion, Mr. Truman said, was accomp another room, and he summoned police. Merle said he had not heard the shots. Several weeks ago Geyer was warned to stay away from his wife an amazing performance, covering 140 miles through varying currents and shifting sandbanks and sharp equipment but he did note in his re-! port that the markings of the -cap-' lured weapons had been obliterated Maginot-line psychology that ply when she started her dash, grown up around the idea of the ''American monopoly" of so-called "atomic secrets." The truth is that we have no atomic secrets which cannot be discovered, sooner or later, by the scientists of other nations who are working in this field. And the pri- ority assigned to the problem by the Kremlin is equally attested by two contrasting facts. At the head of the Soviet program of atomic research and development is Mar- shal Beria, who formerly occupied, as the dreaded chieftain of the secret police, the most important of all Russian administrative posts. And at bottom of the pyramid, scores of thousands of conscripted slave laborers are literally being driven to their death to extract uranium from the mines of the Erzgebirge. But it is crucial to realize that these dates of 1952-53 and 1955-56 Madden said. He said the nine tons were enough to steam for 12 hours at 12 knots and that this indicated the sloop was traveling at forced draft during the dash. The British were jubilant over the new turn in the "Amethyst af- which started last April 20 with a confused battle in the the communists ashore. Forty-four British sailors perish- ed in the April 20 fighting. After- wards the communists trained shore guns on the Amethyst, lying ati anchor off Rose island, 60 milesj lished despite continuing help which after he was convicted of assault reached the guerrillas mainly j and battery on her complaint, police through Albania but that some as-jsaid- State Overpays Mahnomen County Bonds St. Paul An audit of the financial affairs of Mahnomen county, released today by Public Examiner Richard A. Colling, shows the validation of in overpayments by the state for re- tirement of ditch bonds. The last legislature passed a bill over Governor Youngdahl's veto to validate overpayments of to seven northern Minnesota coun- ties. Golling's report is the first to cover any if the seven counties tons in an eflort to the in an effort to conceal their ori- Woosung forts before dawn. jsin- The British sloop had only nine! The guerrillas 'have been gener- tons of fuel left out of a 50-ton ously supplied with artillery weap- ons which include 105mm guns and possibly guns of larger Mr, Truman said. On the Greek army side, the'President reported: "At the end of the period under review (last March 31) the Greek armed forces had achieved the high- est state of efficiency since 1941 when the Greek forces were over- whelmed by the Nazis and after Yangtze between the Amethyst and having rolled back Mussolini's in- three other British warships andjvasion of Greece." On the economic situation, the President said inflationary pres- sures had eased off and tt-2 increase in commodity prices been stop- ped. But he cited as heavy burdens on the Greek government the in- Depression Can Be Prevented, Dewey Declares Syracuse, N. Y. Governor Thomas E. Dewey said today a de- pression can be prevented and 'he struck out at the Truman admin- the House for rejecting his own farm plan. The House measure, said Brannan, which would continue present farm price supports for another year and would assure dairymen an average of only for 100 pounds of milk. This is a level "so unrealistic" that it has little meaning, he told mem- bers of dairy co-operati'.res at their annual picnic. His own plan, aimed at higher farm income and cheaper food, istration for what he called short-sighted economic policy." "a would support milk average of Brannan repeated prices at an his recom- mendations for production payments as a means of supporting producer tlsUi.llH.ll.lU J i. 1 In an address prepared for de-jreturiis far perishable products sucn livery at the annual convention meats, dairy and poultry prod- joint staff said the Luxembourg The U. S. Arms Chiefs Confer With Italy By Donald Doane Frankfurt, Germany U. S. joint chiefs of staff conferred today with army officers of Italy and Luxembourg in the first of a series of talks with European mill tary representatives. Lieutenant General Efisio Mar- ras, Italy's army chief of staff said afterward that the American chiefs "displayed a friendship on which we can rely without ques- tion." General'Marfas added "we dis- cussed problems of mutual interest. .There is no doubt .these .dis- cussions will be of great mutual benefit." Admiral Louis Denfeld, U. S. naval chief of operations, said the Italians did not raise the question of IT. S. arms aid for Western Europe. Earlier, a spokesman for the the New York State Federation Labor A.F.L., Dewey declared: times within the last six months, both at home and abroad, .whether in my opinion America is headed back into a depression such as we ex- perienced in the thirties. "My answer has been that a de- pression can be prevented; that there still is time to repair the mistakes which a short-sighted na- 'tional administration has made." I It was the second time in five days that Dewey leveled criticism at the Democratic national admini- stration. In an address last Thursday at Colgate university's foreign policy conference, Dewey assailed the Tru- man administration for what he termed a. "no-policy-at-alT stand toward nationalist China. He called for new, immediate U. of ucts, fruits and vegetables. this plan the government would not named. Other overpayments validated law were: Koochiching downstream from Nanking, and re-iternal cost of its military estab-jby the fused to let her leave until thelHshment and the expense of caring county. Roseau county, British paid reparations for 254 red si 95 TOT sins Ma- troops they said were killed. Negotiations were difficult be- cause the communists as yet have no recognized government. The British foreign office de- fer almost refugees. Of the Turkish aid program, Mr. kllUKIU J. 11C .Ulll'lOll -iUi were not chosen by the American clared it has been and stm is ready and British chiefs with nothing discuss responsibility for the (Continued oa Page 7, Column 1.) JApril incident on an appropriate j toward a desirable standard of ef- Truman said the Turkish armed forces have made steady progress in improving their efficiency with Am- erican help but that they will re- quire "additional United States as- sistance to continue their progress ALSOPS i level." 'fectiveness." interfere with market prices. When ithey dropped below a predetermined fair level, the government would make up the difference to farmers through subsidies paid from tax funds. Critics of his plan have been "ex- tremely busy interpreting" it in their own way instead of trying to learn the facts about it and pass them along, said the secretary. The agriculture committee of the Hoover commission for govern- mental reorganization has recom- mended production payments, but S. aid ment. for the nationalist govern- In his address today Dewey did not elaborate on what he said were mistakes of the -national economic policy. Nor did he expand on his statement that a depression could be prevented. He said, however, that a special "watchdog committee" of state of- ficials, which he appointed recently, Omar N. Bradley, Army; Admiral Denfeld, and General Hoyt S. Van- denberg, Air Force, flew in from Washington Saturday for a ten-day study of European defenses and potentialities under the Atlantic pact. The Duchy of in a border area U. S. Uranium, Plutonium Production Up Progress in All Phases of Atomic Energy Work Noted By Frank Carey Associated Press Science Writer Washington Atomic En- ergy commission announced today its new and more effective atomic at are being produced "on an industrial basis." It also said uranium and Pluto- nium for bombs and other atomic energy uses are being produced "in greater quantities than ever before." Relating "advances in all phases of the national atomic energy pro- the A.E.C. in its sixth semiannual report to Congress al- so listed progress on the medical front, including indications that re- latively inexpensive radioactive co- balt may eventually prove to be a better cancer treatment than ra-. dium. At tlie same time the AEG dis- closed it bad found fcce-in-the-hole resources of uranium in this coun- ,ry that could be used at some future time for military applica- case the uranium we now get at home and abroad should cease to be available. This country now gets m'ost of its uranium from the Belgian Con- and Canada which have ores of a high uranium content. Some of the precious stuff also comes from low-grade carnotite ore of the Colorado ore rela- tively low in uranium content. Extensive Exploration The commission told today of ex- tensive exploration and prospect- ing by the AEC and the U. S. Geological survey all over the country. This involved "comprehensive examination of virtually every rock formation in this country, and of mine and smelter products, gas and oil wells, and other places where uranium might occur." the AEC said, adding: "3y midyear this work had re- vealed enormous tonnages of very low-grade materials (that is, mate- rials low in uranium content.) "They cost more to process but they could be utilized in the. future to sustain an atomic energy pro- gram for military purposes, should lower-cost uranium cease to be available." The report said earlier that in connection with the production of fissionable materials for weapons and other uses "actions have been taken to Improve and make more certain the supply of (uranium) ores both from abroad and from sources in the United States." The 202-page report made no ref- erence to current discussions con- than square miles, even with territory gained from Germany And a member of the comrais- staff said the report's ,-ef- erence to the newly-found domestic uranium resources had no connec- The 1945 population estimate was cerning. American-British-Canadian critics of the Brannan plan ignored he stated. Late today the U. S. staff chiefs] inspect the Berlin airlift op- erations at Frankfurt's Rhine-Main airport. Then they will go to U. S. If the government is to support prices of perishables, Brannan went on, it must do so either by the pro- duction payment plan or by a food stamp program. Under the stamp plan the government would issue stamps to low-income groups for purchase of surplus commodities at regular stores. The government would redeem the stamps from the! wljetl ttlev fViie -a'fifAr Tnp A for further talks with commanders in Germany. They visited informally yesterday with commanders of the U. S. Ar- my, Navy and Air Force in Ger- many. stores. London later this week the American chiefs CENTER OF OUTDOOR CAFE LIFE IN PARI and summer .visitors at the Cafe de la Paix, on the Place de 1'Opera in the center of Paris. Aitkin county, Marshall county, Lake of the Woods, and Beltrami county, It was the first tune in 14 years that the legislature overrode a gov- ernor's veto. The governor had contended the overpayments "ex- ceeded the amounts permitted un- jder the law." But the legislature ignored Youngdahl's message' after sup- porters of the measure attacked the governor's action as a "politi- cal smear" of State Auditor Staf- ford King who had approved thej payments. Coiling emphasized in his report that the state "actually paid Mah- ,nomen county more than 'its limited liability on claims filed with the state." He then noted that the 1949 law "validates and accepts as correct all certificates relating to bonds issued to finance or refinance pub- ilic drainage ditches." The report shows overdrafts in ithe county road and bridge and [county aid accounts on December 131, 1947 and 1948. CoLling stressed [that income in connection with 'county aid activities tas not been sufficient to maintain the account ion a cash basis. "it is the responsibility of the county Gplling suggested, maintain the county aid ac- count on a sound financial basis by keeping expenditures within reve- nue." Brannan said he preferred his will hear two separate plans_fpr production payment plan because it j Western European defense Bojh would go farther toward the use of American dollars consumption and maintaining farm I for arms and equipment. _____ __________ ...income. I One group of military leaders was directed to "exercise a constant "Where is the food stamp will tellthe Americans that only a vigilance over economic and asked. "Nobody seems to be large army containing up to ness conditions." (pushing very hard for that." Brothers Michael, left, two, and Roger Hassing, nine months, St. Paul, wait fretfully at La Guardia Field in New York to board a' plane for London. They were accompanied by their mother, Mrs. E. J. Hassing. Their, father, an Army engineer, has been trans- ferred Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) combat troops mentioned in Washington debate on the arms prevent Soviet aggres- sion if the Russians substitute mili- tary for political pressure. Another group will contend that a better answer is a small, mobile but well trained and equipped force of some 20 men backed by enough planes to guarantee air control. London experts believe the up- shot will be a compromise. European pact members already have, at least on paper, more than men in all their armed forces. They lack modern stores and equipment, however. They hope American aid will fill that need. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Fair to- night and Tuesday, cooler tonight. Low tonight 60, high Tuesday 78. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 78; minimum, 55; noon, 72, precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 84; minimum, 65; noon, 77; precipitation, .15; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at (Additional Weather on .Page 9.) One report growing out of the lir House meeting of American atomic and other offi- cials was that AEC Chief Lilienthal A_pHM_ifeared a cut-back in our supplies American Qf uranium from Canada ana the Belgian Congo, unless we shared atomic secrets with the British and the Canadians. This report drew a 'no comment" from tthe AEC. The commision staffman told a newsman that the semiannual re- port had been written before the discussions about our relations with our atomic allies had drawn public attention. He also said the possible use of very low-grade materials was a "potential" for the thing that would be used only as an emergency measure. He did grant that it was a potential that could be employed if lower-cost uranium, domestic or foreign, ceased to be available for any rea- son. Referring to current production of atomic weapons, the report said: "New and more effective wea- pons which were tested at Eniwe- tok in 1948 are in production. Un- der the commission's direction, components of these weapons sre being produced on an industrial basis by competent manufacturing concerns or special government fa- cilities throughout the country." Progress Reported It also said operai-ons in the field of military application of atomic energy ''have continued to accel- erate during the last six adding: 'An important development dur- ing this period has been the ob- taining of a suitable contractor to take over management of the San- dia laboratory near Albuquerque, New Mexico." Sandia is a branch of the Los Alamos scientific ter for the development of atomic weapons. The Sandia laboratory works closely with the armed forces. The AEC. said the University of California, which operates Los Ala- (Continued on Page 6, Column 4.) A-BOMB ;