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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 29, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Windy, Showers Tonight; Continued Cool VOLUME SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, APRIL 29, 1953 River Stage 24-Hour (Flood 13) Today 6.54 .07 Year Ago 14.98 .52 TWENTY-TWO PAGES Stand on POW Issue 35 Freed POW On Last Lap Home HONOLULU big hospital plane carrying 35 excited Ameri- can fighting men freed from Communist prison camps only a week ago left today on the last Pacific lap of a flight borne The plane was airborne at a.m. a.m., It is due at Travis Air Force Base, 30 miles northeast of San Francisco, about 1 p.m. Pacific daylight time (3 p.m., In contrast to the gala welcome when the men arrived Tuesday, their departure was virtually un- noticed. Two reporters and a handful of photographers saw them off. The men remained aboard Army ambulances and buses for more than an hour while agriculture in- TODAY Radford May Head specters gave their giant strato- cruiser plane a last-minute spray- ins An Air Force sposesman said all of the 35 have temporary By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP I orgers assigning them to Travis. WASHINGTON Adm. Arthur goon after their arrival new orders Radford looks like a better and wm be cut sending men who are better bet to replace Gen. Omar j weu en0ugh directly to their Bradley as Chairman of the Joint I homes Those who need further Chiefs of Staff. The decision will hospital care will be sent to hos- presumably' be made as soon as Secretary of Defense Charles Wil- pitalg near their tomes if possi- ble. Eight of the 35 are litter pa- son can reach agreement with President Eisenhower. The ques- 1 tients. tion is whether Wilson's wishes or I The C97 Stratocruiser which Eisenhower's doubts will finally i brought the men here from Tokyo prevail. _ landed at p.m. Tuesday. Wilson has wanted Radford for Chairman of the Joint Chiefs ever since the President's pre-inaugu- ration trip to Korea. When the Eisenhower party was on its way back, Radford met them at Pearl Harbor. He so much impressed and charmed Wilson that Wilson proposed him for the chairman- ship of the Joint Chiefs then and there, without further ado. According to undoubted reports, the President answered that Adm. Radford was one of the two or three ablest senior officers in Am- erican uniform, fully qualified in every way to head the Joint Chiefs. But he added that Wilson had bet- ter not name Radford to the chair- manship until he had made quite sure that Radford's first loyalty be to the Secretary of De- fense, instead of to the Navy. Liked By Wilson Adm. Radford has since made a long visit to Washington, which seems, if anything, to have in- creased Secretary Wilson's enthus- iasm for him. Wilson is one of those who "wants what they want when they want it." He wanted the famous radio entertainer, Ar- thur Godfrey, for a Defense De- partment number of the Presi- dent's special commission on psy- chological warfare. When he en- countered opposition, he carried his fight for Godfrey to the length of refusing to name anyone else for a considerable time. In the infinitely more important case of Radford, he is said to be equally determined. The President, meanwhile, has always opposed the extreme naval Some were taken to Tripler Gen- eral Hospital for a checkup and rest. An Army spokesman said the patients were in good shape but a little tired. Most of them waved happily and smiled as they stepped from the hospital plane into a throng of beautiful nurses, thinly clad hula dancers and official greeters. Billion Aid For Foreign Nations Likely By JOHN SCALI WASHINGTON W) _ President Eisenhower and his top advisers have tentatively approved a for- eign aid budget calling for slightly more than six billion dollars for the coming fiscal year. Responsible officials who report- ed this today said the National Security Council laid out a pro- gram of that size at a White House meeting yesterday. The final figure to be asked from Congress for the year starting July 1 has not been finally determined. A program ranging between is now in prospect, said these officials, asking not to be named. Firemen Played Streams Of Water on sections of an oil storage tank which exploded and burned when lightning hit the tank Tuesday night in Kilgore, Tex., during a heavy thunderstorm. The tank section was blown about 50 feet from its original site, which is engulfed in smoke and flame in the background. The tank was in a Negro residential district. Five persons were burned to death by the fire that followed the ex- plosion. The area is dotted with oil wells but no oil wells caught fire. Kilgore is situated in the center of the vast East Texas oil fields. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) viewpoint'which Adm. Radford I Th_e White House is drafting a has always stood for hitherto, special request to be sent to Con- Since the admiral is a man who i gress within a week. The final fig- fights for his view to the inserted within the 6 next few (jays after final confer- ditch, it can be seen why the President has hesitated to approve Secretary Wilson's proposal. The ences among top defense, State Department and military aid OCWiCLCHJ' IT J Air Force, where Adm. Radford's i cniets. stand on the B-35 is only too well I Without reference to these spe- remembcred, is also raovin? heav-1 figures, Sen. Bridges (R-NH) en and earth to block his nomina-! said today foreign aid spending ljon must bear a "proportionate share If'Adm, Radford is not named, budget cuts He indicated that other possibilities are reported might be from 2Vz billion be Gen. Alfred Gruenther, Gen. (dollars under the Koyt Vandenberg and Gen. Carl which former President Truman Spaatz. Secretary of the Air Force (Continued on Patje 2, Column 4) ALSOPS Victory for Ike On Iidelands By JACK BELL and TEX EASLEY WASHINGTON Republican Senste Leader Taft of Ohio has won a victory for the Eisenhower legislative program by breaking what he called a filibuster against legislation for state ownership of oil-rich submerged lands. Many Democrats supported the tactics Taft used to bring agree- ment on a final vote by 2 p. m. next Tuesday. The date was set yesterday, during the 20th day of debate, and almost immediately the Senate reverted to its normal placid course. The agreement means that barring unforeseen developments the Senate will pass on the agreed day a bill to establish states' title to offshore submerged lands within their historic boundaries. A some- what similar measure has passed the House. Sen. Monroney (D-Okla) was scheduled to speak when the ses- sion convened today, discussing his amendment to limit state seaward boundaries to three miles and ap- ply federal offshore oil revenues to the national debt. The amendment would strike di- rectly at Texas and Florida. The pending bill recognizes their claims to three the Gulf of Mexico. said in his farewell budget was the minimum amount Congress should appropriate to guarantee Western security against Commu- nism. Even a foreign aid program of billions under represent considerab- ly more than top Republican plan- ners thought was needed a week ago. Key officials (hen said they believed the sum could be held to about The amount voted for the present year was about six billions. Intensive review of world condi- tions in the past week, officials said, convinced Eisenhower and his aides of a need for a bigger sum. Harold E. Stassen, the mutual security administrator, appeared yesterday at a closed session of the Senate Foreign Relations Com- mittee, and Chairman Wiley (R- Wis) indicated afterwards that the administration would recommend less than two billions be cut off the Truman recommendation. Bridges, who heads the Senate Appropriations Committee, said he won't be satisfied if that happens. "If we are to balance the budget we can and will for- eign aid spending must bear a definite proportion of the he said. "It would appear to me that would be in the neighborhood of from 2 to billion." Pravda Discusses Answer to President MOSCOW and Izves- tia, Moscow's chief newspapers, published four columns of foreign comment today on the Soviet an- swer to President Eisenhower's speech. Mrs. E. Wiiegarver Bott Stepmother Named 'Mother of BELLEVILLE, III. sepmother who successfully reared, four motherless children has been named the American Mother of 1953 The American Mothers Committee selected for its annual honor Mrs Ethlyn Wisegarver Bott, 58. marking the first time in its nearly 25 years it gave the award to a stepmother. Mrs. Bott is the wife of Dr. An- thony E. Bott of Belleville and for 20 years has been mother to his four children, two sons and two daughters. All spoke of her proudly when announcement of the honor was made in New York yesterday. At her home here, Mrs. Bott said: "I am very, very happy and very humble. The ideals which I have followed will continue to be followed. Our family really is no different from the family next door." A national jury of prominent women, in announcing Mrs. Bolt's selection, .said one testimonial in her behalf read: "Mrs. Bott has given each of the four Bott children a mother's in- terest, love, encouragement and inspiration to become responsible citizens in the home, church and community." When she married Dr. Bott five years after the death of his first wife, his children ranged in age from 5 to 14 years. All four are college graduates. Commenting on the award, Mrs. Bott's- youngest stepdaughter, Mrs. John J. Davis, 24, oi Morehead City, N C., said: "She is in reality a stepmother, I guess, but she never has been or ever will be anything but a real mother to us." The other stepdaughter, Mrs. Stanley T. Shaw, 26, of Kansas City, Mo., said: "She has done more than is required to be a good mother and .she is now tops as a grandmother." (She has five grandchildren.) Mrs. Bott's oldest stepchild, An- thony, 34, a veterinarian and pres- ident of the Greater St. Louis Vet- erinary Medication Association, said of her selection: "We all love her very dearly and I sincerely thank God that she came to us for she has been, and is, a most wonderful mother." Her other stepson, Edward, 30, executive vice president and busi- ness manager of the Corn Belt Laboratory at East St. Louis, 111., .said: "There is nothing in my life or a day so important as that day when dad married mother." Mrs. Bott, a former school teacher, vied with mothers from all states, the District of Columbia, Alaska and Puerto Rico. She will receive her award at a luncheon at the Waldorf-Astoria 'Hotel in New York May 8. The American Mothers Commit- tee works for dedication of Amer- ican homes to the Golden Rule and for the installation of a spiri- tual quality in the nation's annual Mother's Day which this year is May 10. Military Aid Pact With Brazil Near RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil Brazil's military aid agreement with the .United States needed only President Getulio Vargas' signa- ture to become law today. The Senate approved the pact last night by a 37-7 .vote. The agreement, providing mili- tary aid by the two countries to each other under the U. S. Mutual Security Act, was approved by the Chamber of Deputies last month despite opposition by leftists and extreme nationalists. It had been negotiated in March, 1952. Jarle Leirfallom, Christgau Named Department Heads ST. PAUL W The first action of Gov. Anderson upon his return to 'the state capitol today following a few days of rest was naming of two new department heads. Jarle Leirfallom, now strte insti- tutions director, was named to head the new department of public' wel- fare. It is expected that he will appoint Frank W. Nichols, now di- rector of social welfare, as his deputy. The governor named Victor Christgau as commissioner of em- ployment security. Both terms run until Feb. 1, 1959, but the appoint- ments must be confirmed by the 1955 Legislature. The Legislature passed bills con- solidating the divisions of public institutions and social welfare and set up a separate departirient of employment security. With the naming of the two commissioners to head them, the departments now come into being under provisions in the two acts. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy, windy with occasional showers and thunderstorms tonight and early Thursday. Continued cool. Low to- night 40, high Thursday 54. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 56; minimum, 35; noon, 50; precipitation, .47; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (N. Central Observations) Max..temp. 53 at p.m. Tues- day, min. 39 at a.m. today. Noon 47, sky over-- cast at feet, visibility 12 miles, wind 15 to 25 miles per hour from east northeast, barom- eter 29.76 falling, humidity 70 per cent. Red Pressures Caused POWs To Break Down By STAN CARTER TOKYO Americans in Communist prison camps went berserk because of "constant pres- sure" from booming loudspeakers and long lectures in the hot sun, a young California corporal said today. "I can't estimate how many be- came mentally Cpl. Cecil V. Preston, 21, of Sausalito said at Tokyo Army Hospital. "Sometimes a man would be walking along. He would see a Chinese guard or one of the American prisoners we called 'pro- gressives' and would start chasing him. He would lose control of himself because he was so mad at the Communists." Preston said the guards didn't shoot because they realized "they were sick." The Californian said that of 200 in his prison company "20 or 30" fell for the Communist line. The other prisoners called them "pro- he said. Preston, repatriated at Panmun- jom last week, was wounded and captured Jan. 1, 1951, while his unit was holding a line north of Seoul. He said the Reds relentlessly subjected the prisoners to propa- ganda. Some repatriated Ameri- cans are under care of psychia- trists and are not permitted to talk to the press. The number has not been announced. Reds Building Up Arms Behind Iron Curtain Accompanied by 'Peace Offensive' In Eastern Europe By RICHARD O'REGAN VIENNA "peace offen- sive" now under way in East Eu- rope is being accompanied by signs of bigger war preparation than ever behind the Iron Curtain. Rather than indications of peace- ful intentions, Western diplomats on duty in the Soviet bloc coun- tries report there are many signs of a deliberate intensification of military effort. Both Czechoslovakia and Poland have announced big increases in their military spending for 1953 since Moscow extended the olive branch a month ago. Diplomats expect other satellites also to up their budgets for guns, planes and troops soon. An estimated 14 million of East Europe's 80 million men, women and children are either under arms or receiving semi-mili- tary training in schools and factories. Since April 1, training programs have been going ahead at a more rapid pace than ever before. In each satellite land, workers are being urged to greater produc- tion for the "defense of the home- land." National Budgets Vast sums of national budgets, diplomats believe, are being chan- neled from non-essential expendi- tures to the development of war industries. The armament and training of "security supple- ment by millions the men in the satellite armed uninterrupted. A week ago Czech Finance Min- ister Jaroslav Kabes presented a 1953 budget doubling last year's expenditures for defense and in- ternal security. In the debate which preceded approval of the budget on April 23, Deputy 9. Burda disclosed the nation's military plans. He said: "Now that the reorganization of our army is essentially completed, the way is open for a further growth of our military power. Our civilian defense must be built up even more with the support and active participation of the masses. "Our people in the future will supply our army with everything it needs." 17 Per Cent Increase To back this up, Kabes an- nounced a 17 per cent increase in capital investment. Western diplo- mats believe this will be used mainly to develop" new war indus- tries in Slovakia. On Monday, the Polish Parlia- ment acted similarly. It approved the spending of 10 and a half bil- lion zlotsys (about 2 and billion dollars) for defense and security. That is 60 per cent more than last year. Would Let Men Go to Neutral Country in Asia By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN truce negotiators suggested today that 5 000 Allied-held war prisoners who do not want to go home be sent to an unnamed neutral nation in Asia. The Reds also agreed to bargain on the time needed to determine their future. "T think wft made some said Lt. Gen. William K.. Harrison, chief U.N. negotiator. "At least they are not adamant on the time prisoners are to be held in custody." While the Communists did not name a neutral, there were un- official reports the Reds Dulles Reviews an Arms Plan for Senate WASHINGTON of State Dulles today gives senators a review of European defense de- velopments, already heard yester- day by House members. The secretary, who said Europe's combat strength may be increased "by perhaps 30 per cent this arranged to brief the Senate for- eign Relations Committee behind closed doors on last week's meet- ing of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Council. At the same time, Mutual Se- curity Administrator Harold E. Stassen appears before the House Foreign Affairs Committee also in j j, i iic jTajuco v secret. Stassen briefed the sena- demand prisoners be ______ would nominate India. Observers predict- ed U.N. negotiators would agree. The Communists have rejected Switzerland as a neutral. At the end of a 64-minute session at Panmunjom the three major points of dispute appeared to shape up like this: 1. The Communists indicated they were ready to bargain on the length of time needed to decide the disposition of prisoners refus- ing to go home. 2. There appeared to be room for compromise on the Communist nomination of an Asian as yet the neutral nation and the Allied nomination of Switzerland. 3. The Communists showed no sign of backing down on their in- sistence that unwilling prisoners be shipped to the neutral power. The Allies equally firm in Everybody in Village Invite FUNKLEY, Minn, tfl Every- body in this little northern Min- nesota village has been invited to take an airplane trip to New York City. The trip is being given them because all the women in town and nearby took part in a project to make dressings for cancer pa- tients. Twenty-two villagers, all but two of Funkley's residents, plan to make the six-day excursion to the big city, starting May 6. Eleven others from nearby will also make the trip. Funkleyites, only one of whom has ever been to New York, will appear on television and radio programs, see a big league base- ball game, the skyscrapers and other sights. They will also launch a nation- wide American Cancer Society campaign to collect old sheets for cancer dressings. On May 11, they will receive a citation from the society, honoring them as a "sym- bol of the devotion" of the cancer dressings units in the nation. The Funkley area women began making the dressings in 1951, in response to an appeal by the Beltrami County cancer society. The Womens Missionary Society of the Evangelical Free Church of America sponsored the dressings project. Miss Ivy Budd, county health nurse, helped in organiz- ing the project. Word of the 100 per cent partici- pation in the project appeared in a cancer society newsletter. An advertising agency suggested the New York trip to Pacific Mills, a textile firm, which is co-operating with the society in its drive for Small State JtoHY. old sheets. Pacific Mills agreed to pay for the trip. Funkley had an official popula- tion of 28 at the time of the 1950 census. Located on Highway 71, 30 miles northeast of Bemidji and 125 air miles northwest of Duluth, it is the second smallest incorporat- ed municipality in the state. (Is- land View in Koochiching County is the smallest, with a population of 18.) tors yesterday. j House members said Dulles was "not downcast" but gave a frank report on European problems which have contributed to a stretchout of the military buildup and have complicated efforts to get speedy approval for an inter- national army including German troops. Rochester Youth Bound Over to District Court ROCHESTER, Minn. WV-William J. Mueller, 17, was held in jail here today under bond for Dis- trict" Court trial on a first degree manslaughter charge. Judge Irving L. Eckholdt set the bond Tuesday as the youth was arraigned in Municipal Court for the second time in as many days. Mueller is accused in the death of Sanford Ward Jr., 16, who was fatally wounded April IS while the two boys were shooting targets in a nearby quarry. County Attorney Frank G. New- house said Mueller would probably be arraigned in District Court Mon- day. Mueller was remanded to juvenile court Monday, but juvenile court recommended the case be sent to District Court, which made neces-, eanwhile m Mu" A coroner's jury recommended the manslaughter charge be brought after hearing four hours of testimony last week, AFL Union Claims Sing Sing Guards NEW YORK AFL union say.s it has issued a charter to guards at Sing Sing Prison at Os- sining, N. Y. The AFL federation of State, County and Municipal the charter con kept in Korea while their.fate is decided. On the last point, a possible compromise was a suggestion to ship Chinese prisoners to the neu- tral nation and to keep the Korean prisoners in Korea. North Korean Gen. Nam II said, "We are prepared to nominate an Asian neutral nation for the pur- pose of putting under its custody those prisoners of war not directly repatriated and hold consultation with your side about this matter." Nam added: "With regard of when to send the neutral nation those prisoners of war not directly repatriated and how long they should stay, our side originally proposed that they be sent to the neutral nation within one month after the completion of direct repatriation and that the side concerned make explanations to them within the period of six months after their arrival there. "But since your side feels that the time involved is too long, we consider that although an appro- priate length of time is entirely necessary, the specific length of time, however, can be a subject of discussion." Harrison replied it might be necessary to use force to get some prisoners to go to a neutral coun- try and "the Geneva Convention bans the use of force. We can't do that." The negotiators will meet again at 11 a. m. Thursday. U. N. Command Communists Wed- nesday another 500 sick and North Korean prisoners. 500 more would be re- Thursday, including 375 civilian internees. These will be the first Communist civilians freed since the exchange of disabled captives began April 20. Christie Insanity Plea Being Planned LONDON counsel to- day laid the groundwork for an insanity plea for John Christie, tains a" no-strike clause. The group mild-mannered trucking clerk also claims support by a majority charged with the murder of four of the 300 guards at the state women in Netting Hill's "house of prison. horror." All The Residents Of Funkley, northern Min- nesota village with an official population of 28 in the last census, have been invited to take a free flight to New York City to see the sights for six days. Twenty-two villagers and 11 others from nsarby are planning to take the trip, starting May 6. The American Cancer Society and an industrial concern offered the trip be-; cause aD Funkley women took part in a project- to make cancer dressings. Here 27 Funkley area residents line up in front of the main busi- ness establishment, a combination general store, postoffice and filling station. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) ;