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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 29, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Wednesday; Continued Warm River Stage 24-Hour (Flood 13) Today 14.80 .65 Year Ago 13.38 .42 VOLUME 52, NO. 62 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 29, 1952 TWENTY PAGES MIGs Hit French Plane Near Berlin Clark Appointment By Some WASHINGTON Matthew Ridgway's appointment to sue ceed Gen. Dwight Eisenhower drew mostly applause today, but Gen Mark Clark, who gets Ridgway's old command, faced criticism in Congress. In the Pentagon, the top-level from Far East commander to head of Allied forces in Europe, and Clark from With Selection of Gen. Mat- thew B. Ridgway as successor to Gen. Eisenhower as supreme Allied Commander in Europe, Gen. Mark Clark has been ap- pointed to his Far East post in Tokyo. Relieving Clark as commander of the Army Field Forces is Lt. Gen. John R. Hodge, above, currently com- mander of the Third Army at Ft. McPhersons, Ga. TODAY No Easy Way Out Of Korea By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSO? WASHINGTON Korea, the easy way out has proved, as usual to be a dead end. The great stick- ing point in the peace negotiations has been the American objection to forcible repatriation of our pris- oners of war. Until rather recent- ly, however, it had been hoped that only a few of the Communist pris- oners in our hands would refuse to go was the official es- timate. The further hope was that some system of jiggery-pokery would conceal or condone the failure to return this small number of pris- oners. Instead, when a census was taken in the prison camps, it was found that out of prisoners in our hands, no less than all but preferred death to repatria- tion. And so the negotiations in Korea have broken down, or all but broken down, again. Grim Irony There has been a sort of grim irony in this episode. The very fact that should make us jubilant enormous proportion of these Communist prisoners who wish to change instead pro- foundly upset and depressed our policy makers. But the irony pales, unfortunately, when compared to the episode's possible implications. In plain terms, governmental lead- ers here, in Britain and in France are beginning to wonder just how long the present situation in Korea can be kept going. The prisoner problem has proven to be a good deal more than 20 times as big as was thought. At the same time, the Soviet peace of- fensive which raised slender hopes of a Korean settlement, has also been rebuffed by Secretary of State Dean G. Acheson. And the Kremlin has gone out of its way to indicate that there really wasn't any peace offensive after all, by denying the previous reports of Stalin's alleged advocacy of Big Four negotiations to the retiring Indian ambassador. Maybe the U. N. effort to break the Korean deadlock may get somewhere, but it hardly seems likely. It is much more probable that the armies in Korea will con- tinue to confront each other, while at Panmunjom, the negotiators will continue their empty haggling. Situation Prolonged Can this situation be indefinite- ly prolonged? In theory, of course, it can. The morale and training of the American and United Nations' forces are considered excellent. Their equipment is ample. Gen. Matthew Ridgway not long ago invited the enemy to attack, and promised to make him regret it. But if the enemy does not attack, how long can we afford to have the bulk of the American Army stranded on this distant peninsula? By the same token, the Chinese Communists and Korean forces (Continued on Page A, Column 6) ALSOPS chief of army field forces to Far East viewed by some officials as: 1. Results of a decision by Presi- dent Truman to side with Gen Omar Bradley instead of Eisen- hower in choosing the new com mander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) forces. 2. Rewards to both Ridgway and Clark for past jobs well done. Rapido Crossing Reviewed I The criticism of Clark came from Sen. Long a member of the armed services committee, He told a reporter he wants to re- view previous congressional inves- tigations of Clark's World War II record and may ask for a new inquiry. Clark's crossing of the Rapido River during the Italian campaign has been under previous congres- sional fire. Bitter criticism of the maneuver was voiced by members of the Texas National Guard, which suffered heavy casualties. "I was in that area with the Navy at the time of the Rapido Long said, "and I know that many of the officers w_ith whom I associated did not think too highly of Clark's ability as a field commander. "What we need in Korea now is a field commander, not a diplo- mat, and I have some reservations about the Clark appointment." However, Sen. McFarland of Arizona, the Democratic leader, said he 'does not look for any ser- ious Senate attempt to block either Rjdgway's or Clark's new assign- ments. The Army believes' no Congress action is needed for the shift. Texans Silent Neither Texas senator, Demo- crats Connally or Lyndon would comment on Clark's appoint- ment. Connally had cited the Ba- pido incident in opposing Clark's nomination by President Truman last year as ambassador to the Vatican. The nomination was with- drawn at Clark's request. Gen. Bradley, chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, report- edly favored Ridgway as NATO chief. Eisenhower, who steps down about June 1 amid a boom for his nomination as Republican can- didate for president, is known to have wanted his chief of staff, Gen. Alfred M. Gruenther, as his successor. Gruenther will stay on as Ridg- way's chief of staff. Quick approval of choice was expected in other -EXTRA Steel Seizure Illegal WASHINGTON Iff) U. S. District Judge David A. Pine today ruled the government's seizure of the steel industry was illegal. He granted five major steel companies a temporary in- junction ordering "mainte- nance of the status quo as of the date of the wrongful acts complained of." In effect, this bars the gov- ernment from going ahead and giving the CIO steelworkers the pay raises recommended by the Wage Stabilization Board. Pine said that President Truman's seizure was "un- authorized by law." And the judge specifically turned down contentions by the government's lawyers as to the extent of the Presi- dent's executive power. Pine said the seized steel companies would not be able to recovvr possible damages from seizure. "The damages are irrepar- he declared. NATO nations. Except for the Com- munists, praise for Ridgway was widespread in Europe. Reds in France called Ridgway "the man jf germ warfare" and said his ap- pointment was "a brutal defy to European public opinion." No strong objection to Ridgway's appointment was voiced in Con gress. Generally it was applauded, although some lawmakers like Sen. Wiley dis- appointed that Gruenther did not get the job. Gruenther favorably impressed; Congress members when he testified on foreign aid. In Good Hands Eisenhower said "things will be in good could not do better." Both of the new assignments raise ticklish points of rank and seniority. In his European job, Ridgway will be outranked by Britain's Field Marshal Lord Montgomery and by French Gen. Alphonse Jiin, ground force commander of NATO armies, unless he gets a fifth star. Lovett said yesterday he had heard of no move under way to promote Ridgway, a four-star gen- eral. Eisenhower has five stars. Clark goes to Tokyo wearing hree of the four hats which Ridg- way inherited from MacArthur. He vill be United Nations commander n Korea, U.S. commander in chief n the Far East and commanding general, U.S. Far East. The post of supreme commander of the Allied powers was eliminat- ed by the Japanese peace treaty, which went into effect yesterday. WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today; Maximum, 90: minimum, 56; noon, 86; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at 5.01. FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair to- night and Wednesday. Continued warm. Low tonight 53, high Wed- nesday 90. Additional weather on Page 17. Ask Flood Fund Only if Needed ST PAUL Gov. Anderson ;ays he will accept added flooc funds from the federal gov ernment only when and if they are needed. "Being as close to the situation as we the governor said in a tatement last night, "I believe we have adequate state and fed eral funds to cover damage of pub ic works. "The Federal Housing Agencj and the Reconstruction Finance Corporation are in a position to make loans to flood victims for re iairs and renovation. "If the situation should change, shall immediately request addi .f tional funds." Anderson's statement came after he received a telegram, from Sen Humphrey (D-Minn) in Washington suggesting that "you make appli- cation for additional money from the President's emergency fund as expeditiously as possible." The Minnesota congressional delegation had made similar suggestions last week. "We can never hope for economy in government by following such a the governor's statement said. "I have never believed in seek- ing funds from any unit of gov- ernment simply because they are available. Judging from last year's experience with floods in the state, when all claims for public works relief were we have ade- quate funds to repair public works." The governor pointed out that President Truman already has al- located covering the Mis- sissippi, Minnesota and Red River Valleys, plus a calamity fund made available by the legislature. The governor said some members of the Congressional delegation were urging that he ask as much as three million dollars in flood relief to be spent on public works. "If funds become available for flood Anderson's state- ment concluded, "I shall make ev- ery effort to see that Minnesota gets money for an adequate sur- vey." Humphrey said the al- ready allocated are "peanuts" con- sidering the needs of the state. The new requests should be made quickly, Humphrey said, be- cause of the competition from other states for the new flood re- lief funds voted to the President last week. Additional funds are needed especially by St. Paul, Winona and North Mankato, Humphrey said, with Winona using money to replace a dike along the Mississippi. Humphrey said the President ap- parently was "well informed" about the Minnesota situation as a result of his recent air tour of tie flooded areas. The President, Humphrey said, welcomed the Minnesota congres- sional delegation's program for ong-range. flood control planning in the slate. Formal Inquiry Launched Into Hobson Sinking Crippled Wasp Expected at Brooklyn Friday WASHINGTON Navy ar ranged today for a formal inquiry into the mid-Atlantic sinking of th destroyer minesweeper Hobson with an apparent loss of 174 lives It was one of the worst peacetime disasters in American naval his tory. Meanwhile, the air craft carrier Wasp, damaged in the Saturday night collision tha' sent the Hobson to the bottom steamed slowly homeward. She carried 61 of the minesweeper's survivors, some of them injured seriously. The carrier was expected to reach Brooklyn Navy Yard for re- pairs on Friday or Saturday. Two Turn Up Safe The original list of 176 missing in the tragedy was reduced by two when two sailors whose names ap- peared on it turned up safe. They had missed their ship's last voy- man being home on leave, the other in a naval hospi- tal. No casualties were reported aboard the Wasp. There still was some confusion over the exact number missing because of a duplication of at leasl two names. Adm. Lynde McCorraick, com- mander in chief of the Atlantic Fleet, announced in Norfolk that a formal court of inquiry would "make a full investigation of the facts and circumstances surround- ing the sinking." The time and location of the court will be announced shortly the Wasp arrives in the United.States, .McCormick said. A Naval Court of-Inquiry is em- powered to take sworn testimony, Lt. Comdr. William J. Tier- ney, above, 31-year-old captain of the USS Hobson, Navy de- stroyer sunk in a mid-Atlantic collision with the aircraft car- rier Wasp, is among the miss- ing from the lost vessel. (AP Wirephoto) :ind facts, express opinions and make recommendations, but it cannot impose punishment. Congressional Probe Asked A demand for a congressional probe came from the father of one of the missing men who said his on had told him all the enlisted men aboard the Hobson feared she would crack up, either in heavy seas or by hitting something in the water." Ervin S. White Sr., of Lynn, Mass., said his son told him the hip broke down several times while on cruises and was in dry- lock last March and again in April. "I intend to have my congress- man ask the Navy some questions o find out why it continues to op- erate ships in such poor he declared. "A thing like this might happen again." Rear Adm. W. V. O'Reagan is- sued a statement in Norfolk deny- ng a published report that the Hobson was unfit for sea duty. He aid the ship had been inspected arefully April 2 and S24.000 had >een spent in bringing the Hobson to the high standards demand- ed by the Board of Inspection and afety." The two men at first presumed missing but later reported safe were Machinist Mate Third Class faldo Kenneth Wright and Seaman Apprentice John Richard Banks- ton. Wright received orders trans- erring him to other duty three ours before the Hobson sailed on er fatal journey. He was home n leave when his family received the Navy message saying he was A U.S. Air Policeman at Berlin's airbase points to hole in right wing of an Air France air liner after it was attacked today by two Soviet fighters over the Russian zone of Germany. The hole was caused by cannon fire from one of the .planes. Two German passengers were wounded in the attack within the neutral air corridor be- tween Frankfurt and Berlin. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) GOP Leaders Not Agreed on Foreign Policy By JACK BELL WASHINGTON W) There was ample evidence today that Repub- ican leaders are far from agree- ment on foreign policy. Sen. Wiley of Wisconsin called replenished, on GOP colleagues in the Senate Red Cross Donations Hike Fund to Contributions to the Red Cross emergency relief fund during the 24-hour period ending at noon today amounted to The most recent receipts swell the fund to almost under the quota set for the county in the current drive. The 13-man committee directing the emergency fund campaign has requested that contributions to the fund be made as soon as possible so that the Red Cross re- lief and rehabilitation resources, depleted by the spring flood disast- ers of the past two years, may be yesterday to support the adminis- tration's foreign policy in Europe. But, asserting that Republicans weren't consulted, about Asiatic pol- icies, he proceeded to attack some of them, On the other hand, Gov. Earl iVarren of California voiced gen- eral approval of some of the Tru- man administration's actions in the Tar East. Active Candidate The governor, an' active candi- late for the GOP presidential nom- nation, thus put himself so flatly in record against some of the po- itions taken by Sen. Robert Taft if Ohio as to raise doubts that he iver could support Taft if the Ohio- ,n won the nomination. Wiley, top Republican in service n the Foreign Relations Commit- ;ee and in line -for its chairmao- hip if the GOP wins control of le Senate, defended a speech he made to the American Society of Newspaper Editors on April 19. In that speech he said Republi- ans should take a "constructive pproach" on international matters dding that "there is a good deal f which every American can be roud" in the country's policies. This brought some pointed com ment from Sen, Cain of Washington nd others who said Wiley himself ad criticized many of the actions e seemed to be defending in gen ral. Wiley told his colleagues yester ay that, while he wants to see Republican sweep in November, I will not, however, compromise with principle in my desire for victory for my party." "I believe that the Republican party would be greatly he declared, "if it were to assume that by simply pointing out the shortcomings of the opposition that the American people will auto- matically put Republicans in office. "On the contrary, we have two to point out shortcomings and the second, more important, to make our own con- structive suggestions to overcome these shortcomings. Must Close Ranks "Moreover, where no shortcom- ings exist, it is up to us to close ranks as Americans." Warren said in a copyrighted ar- ticle in U.S. News World Report that, while Republicans might not approve the way it was accom- plished, "we can't complain about getting into the Korean situation." Taft has been highly critical of the Korean development, calling the conflict and la- beling it "Truman's war." Warren said he is opposed to giv- ing Chiang Kai-shek American sup- port to invade Communist China, aid that Taft said should stop only short of involving American troops. The governor said he doesn't be- Contributions should be brought or mailed to The Republican-Her- ald which will direct all proceeds to the Red Cross. The is being sought to meet a deficiency in pledges to this spring's annual Red Cross roll call here and a request by na- tional Red Cross disaster head- quarters for as Wtaona's share in an interim campaign to collect million nationally to finance Red Cross services. A lag in contributions during the past few days is shown in the daily accounting of receipts. The appeal for funds was made last Thursday afternoon. By Friday noon, contributions totaled more than and Satur- day "noon the fund had grown to Over the weekend, however, only was received and today's addition included two S100 contri- butions from industrial firms here. 200 Battle Forest Fire Near Ely ELY, Minn. band of 200 men, equipped with bulldozers and pumps, today fought a forest fire, advancing northward on a two-mile front along state highway 1 about 17 miles southeast of Ely. William Emerson, Superior Na- tional Forest district supervisor here, said the blaze had swept some 200 acres in the Lake Isabel- la area before nightfall yesterday. Its origin was not known. Emerson said the territory is virtually inaccessible except for Spruce road, a logging trail about five miles north. Fire fighters expected to back- fire along that trail and thus keep the flames from the Kawishiwi Ri- ver territory, three miles farther to the north. There are three re- sorts near the river. The land where the fire is located is cover- ed mostly with jackpine. Rep. Murray Dead at 64 WASHINGTON Rep. Reid F. Murray, died early to- day in Bethesda Naval Hospital. He was 64. He was serving his seventh term in the House as a representative of Wisconsin's Seventh District. Murray entered the hospital on April 16. Before his elec- f tion to Congress, he was agricul- ture agent for the Bank of Oshkosh. Prior to that, he had held a simi- lar job with, the Northern Pacific Railway Co. and had been county agent in Winne- bago County. Murray He was a graduate of the Uni- versity of Wisconsin and had taught there for five years, 1922 to 1927. He was a native and a resident of Ogdensburg, Wis. Surviving are the widow; two sons, Reid Jr., and Hyde, and a daughter, Kittie Ann. Funeral arrangements have not been made. 2 Wounded, 89 Bullet Holes Rip Air Liner U.S. Protests Jets Firing in Neutral Zone BERLIN UP) Two Soviet jet fighters fired on an Air liner in the Russian Zone of Ger- many today, wounding two Ger- man passengers and leaving 89 bul- let holes in the plane's fuselage. The plane landed safely at Tem- pelhof Airbase. The Air France office in Frank- furt identified the wounded as Mrs. Irmgard Nebel, Frankfurt, hit in the abdomen, and Walter Kurtb, Bad Homberg, wounded in the arm and thigh. They were taken to hos- pitals. Allied officials in Bonn at once temporarily canceled all flights of Allied civil aircraft into Berlin. After a few hours, however, Pan American and British Airways re- sumed their flights. Only Air France canceled all flights until tomorrow., The pilot of the attacked said the two jet fighters made four "passes" at his ship as he was flying precisely in the center of the air corridor reserved for Western traffic to Berlin over the Soviet Zone. The fighters unloaded bursts of machinegun and cannon fire, he said. The co-pilot and steward nicked by bullets and their cloth- ing was torn, but their injuriei were only superficial. Mrs. Nebel, the most seriously wounded, underwent an operation and physicians removed fragments of 20-millimeter ammunition from her abdomen. U. S. airmen said Soviet air pa- trols in the Russian Zone are well briefed on Allied rights in the three 20-mile air corridors between Ber- lin and Western Germany. They said the approach of a MIQ- fighter to inspect a foreign air- craft is a frequent occurrence, but a "pass" by two fighters at the same time was "criminally fool- ish" even if there was no gunfire. Fortunately, none the 89 bul- lets which hit the fuselage struck a vital spot of the air liner. The U. S. High Commission said an official protest also bad been made to the Russians at the four- power air traffic control center in Berlin. Air France said there was a to- tal of 11 passengers on the plane, none of them American. The air- craft, a four-engine DC-4, was on its regular run from Frankfurt to Berlin through the air corridor es.- tablished by four power agreement. Iowa Towns Watch Flood-Strained Dikes MUSCATINE, la. Mis- sissippi River maintained a steady pressure today against flood-soft- ened dikes of the Illinois and Iowa shores. The levees continued to hold at all points, but all up and down the river the people redoubled their ieen watch for any possible breaks in the embankments that protect numerous towns and thousands of acres of farm land. Police Enter Shotgun Verdict ST. PAUL today en- tered verdicts of murder and sui- cide in the shotgun deaths last night of a St. Paul man and his wife. Officers said Oscar Scheidegger, 48, apparently went berserk with the automatic weapon. His wife, Katherine, 35, was shot through the throat as she stood on the porch of the couple's home. Her jody fell onto the lawn. Sirs. Reinard Meissner, a neigh- bor, said she heard screams, look- ed out in time to see the woman falL She told officers Scheidegger, stfll carrying the shotgun, jumped rom the porch and ran around to the rear of the home. Mrs. Meis- lieve the Korean War should have sner then heard another shot. Offi- been formalized by the President's cers said he had placed the barrel asking Congress for a declaration of the gun into his mouth and pufl- of war. Taft has suggested that Congress should have been consul- ted in advance about Korea. ed the trigger. Both were dead when police ar- rived. Plane Symbol Marks approximate point, near Eisleben in tht Russian zone of Germany, where two Soviet jet fired on an Air France air liner today wounding 2 German passengeri. The plane managed to land safely at Berlin's Templenof airbase, completing its schedule run from Frankfurt to Berlin through the air corridor established by four power agreement. (AP photo to The Republican-Herald) ;