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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 29, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER Cloudy fttic! mllil with lucjtl nhowcri c OMICS Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press For the Tops In Adventure Comics Back Pare Dally Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 47. NO. 61 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 29. 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Truman Asks Price Cuts, Full Output European Recovery Cannot Wait, Marshall Says Work to Go On Before Peace Treaty Stalin's View on 'Compromise of Exhaustion' Rapped Kf Edward E. Bomar The United served notice on Russia to- ri.iy that this country will drive ;ihcnd with steps to htlp speed Eu- rope'.-, recovery without nwnltlng the "compromise of exhaus- tion" forcwi-n by Premier Stnlln. "Secretary of State Marshall dls- clw-fd the Soviet k-ndcr's suggestion ar.d the American reply In n plain report to the nation last on the Moscow ministers conference, Si.-i'.in tpkl him nt their secret Kremlin neetlnK two weeks nfco, .'..'tid, the "Big Four" jxi-A'crs might be to compromise their major differences "lifter tr.ry had exhausted themselves In ci.-.puv." ISIarriM Ku.i.ila In his clcliiyed retort, the cnb- :net officer put the blame squnrcly or. KuvJa for the failure of the for- to nicree on a pence Loan May Come Up During Aleman Visit for Austria and the rough civj'.li.Tv: of one for Germany, nnd House Votes to Cut Relief Fund To Washington The House tentatively today to slash n proposed foreign relief Mexican President to Address Joint Session of Congress By Milt Dean Hill Washington President Tru- man and members of the cabinet form the reception committee for President Miguel Aleman of Mexico on his first official visit to the United States today. The 43-year-old chief of state of the neighbor republic is scheduled to arrive nt National airport aboard President Truman's personal piano, the Sacred Cow. The national capital was set for an all-out greetings for the Mexican president, replying in kind to the big reception Riven Mr. Truman In Mexico last month. The Washington Board of Trade estimated that a crowd of persons would participate in cere- monies welcoming "Don Miguel" to the capital. The air forces ordered up an es- cort of B-29 bombers and P-80 jet- propelled fighter planes for the gala arrival. Bill Requiring Purchase of West End Property Driver Tests By Dopke, Frank Criticized by Pocket Vetoed Pfeiffer in Council Outburst patient sinking whllo the! fund to di-Uboratc." The major test on "I bclifve that action cannot nwnlti tnt. on n through exhaustion." Marshnll went on. Whatever notion TJOwUble to meet thrso pressing must be taken without teller's .vcrrtnry did not elaborate; or. the point. Major Steps Howrver. one major nctlon which already is bcinp taken is the cco- uti'.flrntlon of the British nnd American occupation zones of Ger- many designed to mako them self- supporting. Marshall said the in- tally of 150 to 138. It will be subject to n. roll call vote later. The money Is intended for use In six European arena and China Jn 'or Russia nnd Franco to :n the arrangement continues force. 1048. Previously the Senate foreign relations commltee unanimously ap- proved today legislation authorizing the full relief. Chairman Arthur Vandenbui'g (R.-MIch.) announced the commit- tee hud declined to specify In the measure where relief funds will he Loan May Bo Announced Bright posters heralding a wel- come to the youthful Mexican chief executive went this morning throughout the downtown section of the national capital. Army troops were detailed to line the Mount Vernon Memorial high- way from the airport to the White House today and a guard of honor was provided by units' of the famed 82nd Airborne Infantry division. Alcman's trip to the United States Cigarette Tax, 641 Other State Measures Signed St. Paul Governor Luther Youngdahl last night "pocket ve- :oed" the bill- requiring new appli- i cants for drivers' licenses to take tests as he reported signing into law 642 other measures passed by the 55th legislature before the mid- night deadline was reached. Vetoed during the session were seven liquor bills. The three-cent cigarette tax and ;hc higher liquor taxes Governor Yoimgdahl signed become effective July I. Liquor taxes will be increased from a gallon to Most other bills became effective as soon as they were signed. Measures to which thu governor affixed his signature Monday and last night included: The education bill, with for bigger state aids and more than for the university, the balance going to the spent, but would include In a formal report a State department state- Another mnjor American th'3 Question, program of financial i-r.t! military aid lor Greece and Tiirkry Marshall mentioned only The rtfcrencf then was :r. prsusint; Chainr.nn Arthur Vnn- ri-r.btTK of Semite relation.1: committee and Tom ConniUJy r.-r :arir bipartisan leadership In debate On "A foreign of momentous importance to, if." American Providing that 04 per cent of nil relief supplies should be pur- chased In the United States nnd Its possessions, thu committee wrote Jn amendment directing the nam- ing of 11 European director for the program whoso appointment would be subject to Senate confirmation. it also Inserted an amendment stipulating that local currencies received from the sale of relief supplies abroad bo put into a special Is primarily to solidify the cordial good will between his country and the TJ. S. However, loan to Mexico may be announced during his two und a hsvlr days as mulli -mill ion .dollar state teachers colleges. The school district reorganization bill. The measure calling for n 1948 vote on the state soldiers' bonus. A stale rent control system, to be set up when or if federal controls lapse. ,i; ;d bill has passed the Scn-'nccount' controlled by the United bat may not reach n House wh'cn used ns n .nlnco he nncl work rT.'.cri-d UK' cabinet In January, irunrdrdly that nt Mwou. greater prowess f.nnl wttlcmcut wus Hindu j revolving fund for further relief n li-nrt- VnllriT -nnni-tr? Mass Escape Plot of Jewish Convicts Bared Jcru.snlcm Authorities of Jerusalem prison announced today l.r: uira- broucht Into the light and discovery of n plot for a moss escape .SUU-KJ clearly defined so that 1 Prisoners. nvcoimtions can start with TJu'y SIlld Preparations "must or exactly whnt n long period of time." nnd Included plans for breaching "Cri'.iciU differences were for the art" and must be settled." Not for Agreement's li-t. he cau'Joncd thnt the dlder- Ku.wlu nnd the Wcst- x-ixcrs nre "mutters of vast Im- if nn K. Column MAKSIIAM, President Truman's guest. Mexico has asked the U. S. ex- port-import bank for a loan of ?art of that request has been under active consideration for several months. To Address Congress But the trip to the United States stops in New York, Knoxvllle, Tcnn., nnd Kansas City, a good neighbor gesture on behalf of Alemnn's flvc-month-old administration. A Joint session of Congress will hear Aleman ot noon Thursday. It will be the first time the full U. S. Congress ever has assembled to be addressed by a Latin-American president, Aleman will be honor guest at a Whlto House dinner tonight. He will respond with n dinner for Pres- ident Truman at the Mexican em- bassy tomorrow night. Cifirarcttc Tax Bill Signed The three-cents per pack cigarette tax, with 30 per cent of its pro- ceeds to go to local governmental units. Two Interim commissions, one to work out "streamlining" of the state constitution, and the second to sur- vey Minnesota' highway needs. Sotting a rate of 7.5 mills for state purposes In 1947-48 and 7.3 mjlls in 1948-40. Authorizing first class cities to impose wheelagc taxes of up to on trucks and on nutos. The bill raising state employes salaries yearly. Raising the state Ifquor tax from SI to per gallon. A constitutional amendment, to be voted on In 1948, which would split gasoline tax proceeds 50 per cent to the state rond and bridge fund Irom which local units benefit Insurgents Holding Out at Asuncion Buenos Para- guayan government, in a com- transmitted direct to The Associated Press, acknow- ledged today that'insurgent cen- ters of resistance were still hold- ing out in Asuncion, 36 hours after marines revolted in sym- pathy with northern insurgents. The communique said "calm is almost totally restored" and predicted the last rebels in the capital would be wiped out .soon. Granted To Finance Rail Overcharge Suits House ap- propriations committee approved a fund today for a Justice de- partment attempt to collect perhaps of freight refunds from 06-1 railroads. The money was Included In a miscellaneous appropria- tion bill to meet deficiencies in vari- ous agency funds for the fiscal year ending June 30. To prosecute the railroad rate cases, the Justice department's anti- trust division requested The committee lopped off saying "later experience indicates" that the smaller amount will bo adequate. David O. Mathews, special assist- ant to the attorney general, told the committee the government claims it was overcharged on huge shipments ,'The complete statement of the Association of Commerce board directors to the city council will fcc joiinti on payc 3.) Role of Business Outlined A burst of tempers in which First Ward Alderman IJoyde E. Pfeiffer described Second Ward Alderman Walter Dopke's pur- chase ol land in the West End as "contrary to good government" highlighted the city council's discussion of sewer extension project Monday night. He said that Dopke's purchase of tracts of land west of the College of Saint Teresa property wasn't "crooked, but I say it's contrary to good government." Pteiffer accused the second ward alderman o' "buying up all the good real estate along where the sewers are to run. You used your official capacity and the knowledge you gained here to buy this property." He said that Dopkc and City Engineer Carl W. Frank, made the purchase jointly. He made these accusations in the council committee of the whole session. Pfeiffer drew quick response from Dopkc, who declared, hesitate to make a reply to this accusation. The matter docs not seem to be of that importance. You are precluding; me from buy- ing property. I don't believe that I've sucrended my rights to purchase property. "I'm not precluding any man from owning suid buying property. "You f.ay that I am buying all the good property along where the sewers are going. I don't even know where the sewers are going exactly I don't believe anyone does. However it is common knowledge that the sewers are to be extended out Gii- morc avenue nnd to Sugar Loaf. Everyone knows that. "That decision was made here nearly a year ago, and it was an- nounced publicly at that time." Deal Made in October He said that he Is unable to write nsurance policies for the city be- cause of his official position, and 'now Mr. Pfeiffer's trying to run me out of the real estate business." U. S. Chamber Also Told of Need for Military Strength Washington President Truman told the tr. S. Chamber ot Commerce today "A pressing task of all businessmen is duce prices wherever possible at all levels while steadily increas- ing production." This reiteration of Mr. Tru- man's repeated assertion that pricey must go down If the na- tion Is to avoid serious inflation nnd depression crime before delegates to the chamber's 35th nn- nual convention. In a message prepared lor de- livery by Presidential Aide John of material during the war years. He i He added that "the whole doal R. Stcclman, Mr. Truman said: "To the United States Chamber of Commerce nnd to the to its 35th annual meeting, I ex- tend my most cordial grcctSnKS. "It, Is heartening to know ttutt this nation-wide federation of Am- erican businessmen is gathering in the nation's capital, not merely to discuss questions relating to the welfare of individual businessmen. but to consider the general wel- fare of our people as a whole and the ways In which businessmen can further America's continued prosperity and freedom. Theme FiltJnp "It is indeed fitting that you chosen, as this particular moment in our nation's history, the con- vention theme of 'Paths to Freedom iiid Plenty.' Our free democratic way of Die runs no risk of success- Killed on First Ride on New Bicycle Newark, N. new bicycle ind been bought for seven-year-old Alan Tabnnkln, out it was to re- walls of the prison carefully stored, his parents "partial penetration of exterior walls of the prison." Weather FORECASTS and vicinity: Mostly y tonight and Wt'd- fKTn.MOI'.ill lOCJl! KhoU'- high Wednes- Partly cloudy with .vnivr.'. In north iiml ciist nncl early Wed- S cooler northwest f'.irt'.y cloudy to and Wrdrwuilny with -.hfnvcr. Warmer AI. WKATir.KK I Oft, I.'JMT'. iilluii.1: for the 24 i 'i.f'.'.r.i: at 1- in. Uxlixy: minimum. T: trace; su :i: sun rises to Tf.Mfl.lS KI.SKWIIKICK Mill. I'd 4D K -17 Plane Flies Without Pilot 22 Minutes 1'liiln field. WIs. An plnni; ivlllioul a pilot buzzed around for 22 minutes Sunday after having taken off by Itself. Mcrton Ashworth of Friend- ship was hitvlnjr trouble start- in j; tlic ship and left the throttle open he .stepped out. Sudden- ly the aircraft brtfari to roll. It picked up speed, jjol off the ground, ripping frutn -u jicurby farm when It .itcuok n hlK'h line. 'J'lie ship gained speed and liecun to circle the flying field. Finally It he can to dip lower anil lower ami crashed into u ncurby snld, until he was listed on the school honor roil, Alan rushed home yesterday to announce that he hud made "it, Jubilllnntly he rolled out the new red-nnd-whltc cycle and 'started down the street. A lumber truck backing toward the curb struck the bicycle, crushing it nnd killing the boy. Instead of putting all the re- ceipts into state highway funds. The measure giving state depart- ment heads n voice in employe dis- missals, nnd Funds for University The measure making the Duluth State Teachers college a branch of the state university. estimated the government might regain as much as and said two years may be required to finish the task, already started with advanced to the department from the President's special funds. The Justice department asked the Interstate Commerce .commission Monday to Investigate the claim and determine whether thurc should be refunds. The Association of American Bail- roads has denied the government's contention that it was charged more than private shippers on some classes of freight. William T. Farley, association president, said in a statement "We arc glad that this Question in to come before the proper tribunal for decision." didn't amount to and tha the deal was made last October. Other aldermen generally stood on the sidelines and observed the flare up, except that Council Preslden Theurer commented, "Ni mutter if anybody bought land ou there, we'd put the sewers out and Third Warld Alderman Howard Baumann "It's in the cit; Pfeiffer's accusations against the second ward alderman came without warning during a. routine discussion of the Association of Commerce's demand for a consultant engineer on proposed sewer extensions and In a statement last night, Presi- dent James Morrlll of the university said the' appropriations given by the legislature nnd approved by the gov- ernor for that institution had given 'the most heartening encouragment to the regents, ths staff and stu- dents." "These funds bring rescue to the university in a time of he snid. "In all my years of admin- IsLmtlve experlcncs have I ever known of a legislature to make a more searching analysis of a school's needs, problems or to act with more sympathetic and In- formed understanding. "The sums requested and grant- ed wore unprecBdentsd, but so is Fact-Finding Body On Holy Land Tops U.N. Agenda By Max Harrclson New York Britain won initial approval for setting' up a Palestine fact-finding committee to- day after declaring she could not be expected to "expend blood and treasure slnglchancicd" to cnrry out United Nations recommendations on the future of the Holy Land. The 14-nation steering commit- tee of the IT. N. assembly's Palcs- ;ine session agreed without a lormal vote to plnce the British proposal on the agenda. Action WQS deferred until this Harvester Union Unit Accepts IB-Cent Offer largest of the U unions in International Harvester Jompany plants has accepted the orier of a wnge increase equivalent (the enrollment way above the on an Arab proposal to The council decided to defer its decision on that question until next Monday night. Favors Consultant In the discussion of the proposal Pfoiffer said that he favored the hiring of a consultant engineer and added that he was elected April 1 on that platform. Third Ward Alderman Baumitnn contended thnt "It's only good busi- ness to check a project involving two-thirds of a million to which Alderman-at-Largc Robert Dorsch countered, "If you're in favor of a consultant engineer for this project, I'll expect you to favor a consultant engineer lor other pro- jects, too, such as Lake Winona dredging." Fourth Ward Alderman Stanley Wicczorek declared, "When our city engineer was hired several years ago we were looking for n man who would eliminate the necessity of consulting engineers. We checked Taft Believes Both Taxes, Debt Can Be Reduced Robert Taft contended today that Secretary of the Treasury-John W. Snyder is refusing to revise fed- eral income estimates for next year 'for fear they may show a surplus which would justify a tax cut by a Republican Congress." Taft predicted Jn a statement ;hat taxes can be cut nearly a yenr sinuiltaneousJy with a payment on ful challenge so long as all or pull agriculture. the national Congress holds spending or below President Tru- man's estimate of for next year. Taft contended that a tax cut would Increase the purchasing power of taxpayers, while the benefits of wage increases are likely to go to "only a few million work- ers with exceptional economic "Price decreases are to be pre- ferred to wage increases, but gen- ernl tax reduction Is the best method of he said. Meanwhile Representative Robert .Doughton ranking Democrat on the House ways nnd means committee, sought Senate upport for legislntion he Introduced 'csterday which would allow hus- bands and wives to split their in- omes for tax purposes, effective icxt January 1. The effect of this ften is to put' the two in R lower urtnx bracket, thus reducing the to 15 cents an hour. A federal conciliator said last night the C.I.O. United Farm Equip- ment Workers union had agreed to ,hc new terms for its more than JO.OOO members in ten cities. est mark of prewar years. There Is also the prospCQt of addi- tional students next; fall and even more than that In the autumn of 1948." Postman's Hazards Si. Joseph, isn't; only dogs that bother Postman A. R He reported to his .superiors he was severely nipped by a. patron's pet goose. K2 III w, 41 .11 riocel StliRo 24-Hr Today Change 14 10.4- OLt .1 io..r. -i- .1 .11 C 12 -i- Tribularv Slrrum-; Kivr.i: F'OISKC'AST Cuttrnhrrc) I'.iiil to Wlnonn the lull slowly and s'.ntlonnry from Prairie du Chlt-n -'.'-v ho'jrs mid will fnll clp.m No. 10. All trtbu- ;.-i uvic of with the Minnesota department of ilRhwnys, with the University of (Continued on Page a. Column 3) PURCHASE add an item calling for immediate Palestine independence. Egyptian. Delegate Mahmoud Has- san Pasha, representing the Arab states, objected to inclusion of the British item on the but did not challenge the announce- ment of Assembly President Os- waldo Aranha that the item was approved. Brltalns' statement on her atti- tude toward possible assembly rec- ommendations was given by Sir Alexander Cadogan when India challenged him to give assurances that Britain would abide fay U. N. decisions on Palestine. The delegates recessed after an hour and one-half session high- lighted by- the British-Indian wrangle which was Joined by sev- eral other delegates including Kus- with President Truman, Wallace de- ax. The House member expressed exn-mding ope that his proposal would be business and finance, and the gov- ernment. community leaders have a graver responsibility nt this mo- ment, or a greater opportunity for service to their country, than our businessmen. A pressing task of all businessmen today is to reduce prices wherever possible at all 'evcls while steadily increasing pro- duction. "By careful planning, by ;ion of wasteful methods and prac- by expanding facilities whera needed, nnd by Increasing produc- .ivity, businessmen can greatly help in dispelling the Inflationary cloud now hanging over us. "The United States hits long been known for its success in the mass production of goods at low prices by well-paid workinginen and wo- men who themselves make up the greater portion of the market for ,he goods they produce. On this firm foundation we must and will move forward to an ever freer and of private considered by the Senate finance committee, which is holding hear- ings on the tax cutting bill already approved by the House, Minnesota R. R. May Up Intestate Rates St. Paul The Minnesota railroad and warehouse commission ;odny authorized all railroads op- erating in Minnesota to increase, with certain exceptions, interstate reight rates. The increases parallel those au- thorized by the interstate commerce commission on interstate traffic nnd vhich became effective January 1. 347. Wallace Leaves Door Open For Bolt From Party in '48 Washington Henry A. U. S. foreign he said. Wallace kept the door open today went to strengthen the hand of for a possible bolt from the Demo-j those people who want peace." ___n_ ___.... i.. inAO Ifl snerifir.nllv of thO cratlc party In changes to fit his definition of Explaining his attacks on admin- istration foreign policy clurinp: n Lour of England and Trance as "n fundamental divergence of opinion" 1948 unless ifl Speaking specifically of the The Speclut Palestine Session of the United Nations assembly is addressed by Dr. Oswaldo Aranha, former foreign, minister of Brazil -who was elected president of, the meeting. Wircphoto.) sia. The exchange took place shortly after the assembly's steering oom- mittee met to decide whether tli'e extraordinary session should bo broadened to include consideration of Arab demands for immediate Pnlestlne independence. Egypt then plunged into the con- troversy and demanded that the committee act on the Arab demands either before or along Bri- tain's proposal for creation of a committee to report mck on the Palestine question at the September meeting of the as- sembly. Boy, 2, St. Paul's Tenth '47 Traffic Death St. Paul recorded its tenth traffic death of the year last night when two and one-half year old Larry Puns was killed by a car which police said was driven by Thomas L. Nelson, 28, Minne- apolis. There were 19 traffic fatali- ties at this time in 1S4C. clared 1, "It's too early to .say" whether he will support for re- election the man who tossed him out of tltc cabinet. 2. "I still hope the Democratic parly wili become the liberal party. U not, there will lu-ivc to be some steps doubt about that." 3. "The only question of my running for office would be to benefit peace in the world." The former vice-president got Jieae thoughts off his chest during a packed question and answer ses- Grcek-Turkey proposal nt another point In the mass interview, Wal- lace said: enterprise.' Forrestal Speaks The renewal of Mr. campaign to talk businessmen Into lower prices set the stage for quick showdown with the big busi- ness nnd Industrial organization. Its price policy committee votcj later today on a resolution ol its own, expected LO show the President how his plan is going over -nrith a wide cross-section of business in- terests. One of Mr. Truman's cabinet officers. Secretary of the Navy James ForresLnl, told the delegates earlier the best present contribu- tion this country can make to world pence is "the maintenance of substantial military power." Until the United Nations has a chance to reach "maturity." For- restal said, U. S, armed force Is the main hope for the world stability necessary to international com- merce, "the greatest and most practical agent of civilization." Forrestal touched on ths national economy with a promise to cut expenses of the navy as posiblo "without dangerously impairing the efficiency of the operating forces." "We he said, "the United "I felt this nrocram was indcllnltcly support worlr' nto Uvo There a establishment cosUns -ic wourt into uvo camps, mere siinnnnnnnnn n -jn the is a terrible dang'cr all over Europe of people being split between the right and the danger leading to civil war.'' Wallace added these other re- marks: The administration's campaign to root "out communists on the federal payroll is "another witch hunt." Hopes Communism Works He hopes "communism, works' and "should think that Russia would hope that American free enterprise He thinks the United States should make Russia "a very large loan at low interest rates" for re- construction but denied dispatches saying he mentioned slon with newsmen late yesterday to as the possible at which he undertook to explain ------J the speeches abroad which led to bitter criticism in Congress. The Run Around Wallace declared Mr. Truman's proposal to spend for economic and military aid to bolster Greece and. Turkey against com- munism gives the United Nations 'the run around." "I fio to Europe to criticize I for peace.' sum. while abroad. He thinks Secretary of State George C, Marshall is "an unusually capable persons." He does not Intend to retire to hope'one reporter said Mrs. Wallace has cause: "A person with my knowledge and I background must carry on the fight I for ncace." over ft year. 30 per cent of our total budget." However, he continued, this coun- try must keep a strong army and navy because "the United Nations is stil an infant" which cannot enforce world pence since "the right of veto would prevent action against one of the 'principal powers." Willmar Farmer Killed by Disc Willmar, Minn. Walter Forness, 42-year-old New London farmer, was -killed yesterday while discing a field. The tractor over- turned, pinned him beneath Jt. Ho is survived by the widow, two chil- dren and two brothers. Former V. F. W. National Commander Succumbs East tansinjr, Mich. Hczc- N. DufT, 71, former national commander of the Veterans of For- eign Wars, died today of a heart ailment. He was a native ot Pitts- burg, Pa., His widow and two sons survive. ;