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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 28, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Showers Tonight, Wednesday Cloudy And Colder VOLUME 53, NO. 60 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 28, 1953 River Stage 14-Hour (Flood 13) Today 6.47 Year Ago 15.50 .55 TWENTY PAGES McGill, Counc Ai ir Pvt. John Polston, Winterhaven, Fla., center, picked up a ration of cigarets as he and other repatriates boarded a Globemaster plane at Seoul for the flight to Japan and another step closer to .home. Polston was repatriated in the 5th ex- change of sick and wounded at Panmunjom. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Prisoner Exchange Issue Deadlocked By ROBERT B. T'JCKMAN PANMUNJOM negotiators today threatened to break off the ..renewed talks unless the Communists come up with a concrete proposal for exchanging big oBIBfcle to a truce. Gen. William K. Hfrrison said the U.N. Command "does not intend' to become involved in protracted and useless arguments.' And he warned the Reds that they "should be well aware that we mean what we say." Official sources in Washington, however, werp said to see a glim- mer of hope that the Reds may be moving toward a truce despite today's U. N. threat. The session at Panmunjom was the third since the negotiations were revived Sunday in an effort to decide what -to do with prison- ers who refuse to go home. The Allies asked the Reds to name a neutral state which would 1 1 U.S, Seamen Die in Aircraft Carrier Blast GUANTANAMO, Cuba A TT c assume custody of prisoners un- 1 boiler accident aboard the U. S. willing to return to Communist j aircraft carrier Bennmgton killed rule, but received no definite an- j n American seamen and injured swer. The Communists have in lour TJ. S. Navy officials dicated they might name Red-run Poland or Czechoslovakia, neither I reported last night. of which would be acceptable to j Names of the dead and injured the U. N. Command. The Commu- j were withheld pending notification nists rejected Switzerland. Meet Wednesday [of the next of kin. The accident occurred while the Essex class flattop was Off Guantanamo Bay, one of the Navy's principal bases in the Caribbean Area. The war- met for 39 minutes and will meet j again Wednesday at 11 a. m. They were deadlocked on three main points: 1. The .neutral state to handle ship later was pulled alongside the base docks. Navy officials here said details the accident would have to come balky prisoners. 2. The length of time after an Senator Urges New System to Pick President By JOE HALL WASHINGTON I.3V-Sen. Smath- ers (D-Fla) said today selection of presidential candidates should be taken out of the hands of "a few haggling, ambitious, back room barons." He made the assertion in a state- ment prepared for a judiciary sub- committee hearing on his proposed constitutional amendment to set up a national presidential nomina- ting primary. The amendment would eliminate the national convention system of choosing presidential nominees. Instead they would be selected! not at state primaries held on the Watkins Co. Officers Plead 'Not Guilty' Arraigned Today on Alcohol Evasion Charges in Sr. Paul Two J. R. Watkins Co. corpora- tions and 13 officers and sales executives pleaded innocent in U.S. Court in St. Paul today of conspir- ing' to evade alcohol taxes on lini- ment manufactured by the firm which has general offices and ex- tensive manufacturing operations in Winona. The corporations are incorporat- ed under Maryland and Delaware laws. E. L. King Jr., president, who returned to Minnesota from a fishing trip in South America for j the arraignments, entered the plea I for the Delaware corporation and' Arthur B. Wohlhaefer of Winona, I secretary treasurer, represented the Maryland corporation. I Others Enter Pleas j Those, in addition to King, who entered not guilty pleas today were Vice Presidents Howard F. Wil- liams and Ralph'G. Boalt, both of Winona; Louis W. Goldberg, Wi- nona, advertising manager; Wil- liam M. Bright, Clarence C. Cur- rier, John Fedders, E. C. Bau- mann, James Murphy, and E. M. McCullough, all of Winona, sales and mail managers; Lewis E. Fickett, Oakland, Calif., western division sales manager; C. E. Birckhead, Memphis, Tenn., south- ern division sales manager and Louis A. Dischler, Newark, N. J., Missing Boy, 11, Found in Rockies, CHOTEAU, Mont. W> Fifth grader Jerry Monkman was catch- ing up on his eating and sleeping today after spending two nights and a day lost in the mountains. The frail 11-year-old was de- described as little the worse for his experience despite the fact he suffers from asthma. Young Jerry wandered away from a group of Boy Scouts while on an overnight hike Saturday to their campsite at the edge of rug- ged Teton Canyon, in the foothills of the Rockies. Differences Mayor Terms Statement To Aldermen 'Disgrace Elected by People, Not Obligated To Council, Representative Claims By ADOLPH BREMER Republican-Herald City Editor The City Council took aim at City Rep. John D. McGill Monday night, held e y ounc oo am a still for his return shot, and, after some talk, heard him offer an apology for firing apology was accepted by Mayor Lpyde E. jiff er.but before that truce e said AS mUbl DI VyllUlUctU leal- I j_ lie vvcvo j .c dents joined in a search, he was i mayor had labeled Rep. McGill's statement "a disgrace to the city ofWmona. f .1 nn i_____ i _ Un _ J__, _... j it i___i. 1 r-n IT- TT1PT1 He said found 38 hours by the search parties but Vy 3-year-old j th I viiOiiJ gone to "considerable length to insult this group of men.' mayor was the representative's view that, as representative, he _ r _- :il "rtrt-nafifnf 0 Q T eastern division sales manager. McGill's Statement A portion of the McGill state- ment follows: As a state representative it is one of my many duties to explain my legislative actions to any of my constituents who so requests it. The state representative is a member of the State Legislature as the people's representative in that legislative body and only as the members of the City Council set of Federal Court in St. Paul. Each individual posted bond to as- sure his appearance in court. I The arraignment procedure tookj less than a half hour. As the cor-1 porations were called up before the bench, C. Stanley McMahon, of the Wiaona law firm of George, S3? S, McGi 1 put it, "constitute JOT he stumbled across a field. Ex-Spy Admits Stealing World War II Secrets WASHINGTON Mason, a self-identified former Communist spy testified today that he stole secret U. S. plans for a. military diesel engine during World War II. The witness, who is from Walling- ton, N. J., said the thefts were from a General Motors plant in Cleveland Ohio, and not from a Detroit plant of General Motors as reported previously by the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee be- fore which he testified. Mason said he stole the plans one by one from files of the _ inspection division, and smuggled I way inferior to any City Council them to fellow spies who worked or are the members of the Legis- as a cook and "second assistant lature the members f any very small fraction of the people of Winona." Never, said the mayor, have they acted as individuals, rather as a Council composed of the elected representatives of the people. McGill said he was also elected by the people. The apology came at the very end of the hour-long meeting. Rep. Mc- Gill asked if the meeting had been called to "reprimand" him or to put the City Council President William P. Theurer said it had not been. Rep. MeGill then offered an apol- ogy to the Council and to the constitute a portion his elector-1nl issue jn the City Hall ate, is he, the state representative, responsible to this City Council, and not otherwise. The State Legislature, on the oth- er hand, is the supreme law mak- ing body of our state government. When any of its directives becomes a law, it is the duty of every per- son, or members of any inferior political subdivision to obey such law. The State Legislature is in no Around-Clock same day throughout the nation. "The people of America saw the inefficient, archaic, and disgrace- ful method of selecting presidents at the conventions which were held in Chicago last said Smath- On Tidelands ers. the first ever televised. "There is no doubt but what the people of the U. S. did not like what they Smathers con- tinued. "They don't believe that it is good democracy to leave the selection of presidential candidates in the hands of a few haggling, ambitious, back-room barons of professional politicians. "The President of the United States is too important to leave solely in the realm of politicians." armistice necessary for disposal prisoners. 3. Whether prisoners shipped to the neutral state or be held in Korea while their fate is decided. North Korean Gen. Nam II offered nothing new in a lengthy statement Tuesday. "It was nothing in the world but a rehash of what was said Harrison told newsmen. Nam once more called for de- bate on deciding the neutral state and he described the six-point proposal he advanced at the open- ing session Sunday as reasonable. This proposal called for repa- triating within two months after an armistice prisoners wanting to go home, and for sending to a neutral state those refusing re- patriation. Within the following six months, representatives of Red China and North Korea would be permitted to visit the prisoners in neutral custody and give them "explanations" to quiet their "apprehensions" about returning home. The United Nations Command insisted that the nine months or more required to dispose of the prisoners is too long and proposed the situation be handled in two months. The Communist proposal also provides that even after the nine months the fate of prisoners still refusing to go home would be de- cided by a high-level postarmistice political conference. Harrison again told the Reds Tuesday that their proposal was neither reasonable nor construc- tive. He said: "It was our hope that we might bft able to agree- on a reasonable and honorable armistice which would protect the human rights of prisoners of war that caused us to consent to resume meetings of the full delegations. It still remains our hope." from the Navy Department in j Netherlands Forbids Washington but up to an early i _. _ wm Be'hour today there had been no fur- j Shipments to KedS ther word from there. I In their first announcement last! THE HAGUE, The Netherlands night, Navy spokesmen in Wash-1 Netherlands government ington said the full extent of the i today forbade all shipments of damage had not yet been deter- j armaments and war materials to mined. The Bennington, launched Feb. 1944, carries a normal complement of officers and men. Red China and North Korea. The Dutch Foreign Office said the government decree followed the same lines as recent British The accident occurred yesterday, i and French bans. Bonds Approved Linus Hammond, former assist- ant U. S. attorney, another coun- sel, entered the pleas for the in- dividuals. Prior to the arraignment the I court was told that Norman J.I By HARRISON B. HUMPHRIES WASHINGTON oppo- nents of state ownership of off- shore submerged lands faced a were Morrison of Washington, D. C has been added to defense counsel. Morrison, a former Department of Justice assistant, has been in private practice for several years. George MacKinnon, U. S. district attorney, told the court his office approved the bond for the individuals. Condition of Mrs.' Markle Unchanged No change was reported today in the condition of Mrs. William Markle, 509 Main St., who was in- jured in a traffic accident here Sat- urday afternoon. Confined in the Winona General Hospital for treatment of her in- juries, Mrs. Markle suffered multi- ple fractures when her car and a fire truck collided at West Broad- way and Huff Street. Workmen Began The of gathering up U. S. mail from z. mail car after a Union Pacific crack streamliner collided with a gasoline truck which burst into flames, wrapping the mail car in a shroud of fire. No one was hurt seriously although the fire icorched a boxcar loaded with TNT caps. The train, the San Francisco Over- land Limited, was unable to stop after making a turn and found the truck stalled on the tracks. The mishap took place at Denver, Colo. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) teria. The plans then were photo-1 Tw graphed in a secret hideout in the i As you know, gentlemen, both basement of the cafeteria, he .said. of the issues under discussion here j tonight are dead issues. The State Legislature, both House and Sen- ate, have passed the hog-garbage bill and on April 14, 1953, Gov. Anderson signed it. The second class cities' taxation bill was still tabled in the House when that body adjourned on April 22, 1953, My stand in regard to not vot- ing on this bill has been publicly explained at our legislative lunch- eon of March 28, 1953. You were given to know that I did not vote on this bill, out of respect to Sen. Keller who was very personally in- terested. Sen. Keller is our county senator and his friendship and po- litical maturity, I hold in high re- gard, as do many senators in the night-and-day grind, beginning to- day. They came back fighting after a 56 to 33 thumping in the first Sen- ate test vote on the issue. Majority Leader Taft of Ohio counter- attacked with arrangements for Senate sessions around the clock, beginning at 11 a. m. today. After 19 quite a few Senate debate, the oppo- nents still refused to agree to a date for a final vote. Taft said this showed "a deter- mination to continue the filibus- ter." Arrangements were made to keep a quorum of 49 ent at all times. Cots were or- dered for senatorial catnaps in the cloakrooms. Federal 'Control Senate. hog garbage bill passed the House, as you all are aware of, by a vote of 99 to 1 in its favor. As there are 131 members in the House, approximately 31 members abstained from voting on this bill. Not one of the representatives from the cities of first, second or third class voted against this bill, in spite of the fact that their re- spective cities have garbage pro- grams. You, the members of the then existing City Council wanted me to vote against the bill but as session was Rep. McGill's conduct on two bills: His failure to vote on the mandatory cooking of commer- cially-fed garbage and his amend- ment, made without notice to the city, which took Winona out of a bill which would have given sec- ond-class cities the right to insti- tute new taxes subject to prior ap- proval of the people. Explanation Asked A week ago, when the Council took official notice of these actions and asked for an explanation, Council President Theurer appoint- ed Second Ward Alderman William S. L. Christensen and First Ward Alderman William F. Holden to frame the Council's critical views. Both of them read statements last night before an audience of about 30 persons, and Rep. McGill replied with a still longer state- ment. During the discussion which fol- lowed, A.-B. Guenther, former pres- ident of the Winona Trades Labor opposed the tax that the meeting demonstrated only "a political ill- feeling." In his statement Rep. McGill charged and stated: a "Only as the members of the City Council constitute a portion of his electorate is he, the state representative, responsible to this City Council, and not otherwise." "I did not vote on this bill (cooking garbage) out of res- pect to Sen. Keller Also, "it was one of those things you do for political rea- sons." "My taking Winona out of this bill (tax bill) was the result of a voiced opposition to this bill in such numbers that it became apparent that. the bill was not wanted by the "This bill sets a taxing meth- od which is a very radical change it was, I went along with you half-1 in the power of taxation. Hereto- way by not voting for the bill. It was one of those things you do for political reasons. As state representative, my vote, alone and by itself, would not pass one single bill. There must be 66 The test of strength came on a j votes in {avor of a bill for pas, Taft motion late yesterday to "lay g it behooves every legisla- on the and thereby kill a federal control substitute by Sen. Anderson (D-NM) to which had been added the "oil for education" amendment of Sen. Hill to have at least 65 represen fore, the power to tax was vested in, and exercised, only by the Leg- islature." "Certain of the City Council should be 'called on the carpet' for not striving to keep our already high taxes and expenses down." "My office is that of a state Aldermen's Statement A portion of the City Council statement follows: It should be understood by Mr. McGill and his friends that there is no personal feeling in this mat- ter towards him or his supporters; but merely is our attempt to ferret out the true facts relative to the question, in hand. It should also be understood that the Council, in holding this joint meeting, is trying to be absolutely fair in its approach to the matter. Instead of deciding the matter by ourselves at last week's meeting we determined that it was only right and proper to have Mr. McGill here during the final and complete discussion of the problem. Before taking up any specific issues, however, we think it well to mention a few general beliefs that we and previous coun- cils have held to be true: 1. We believe that our represen- tative, as well as any other rep- resentative, has the duty to his own thinking and discretion on actual voting on all bills without being bound by the City Council or any other group. 2. We also believe our pres- ent city representative, however, when he stated publicly a few weeks ago that his principal pur- pose, or one of them, for being at the State Legislature was to see that the city's legislative program was passed through the said State Legislature. .in fact we believed that so completely that we predi- cated our whole legislative pro- gram on that belief, 3. We know that the city's legis- lative program consists of two parts: A. Bills prepared and written by our own city attorney under our direction which were then present- ed to our representative and sent- tor for passage. B. Bills prepared by others, such as the League of Municipalities, which supported by the Wi- nona City Council through resolu- tions prepared by us supporting said bills and such resolutions be- ing sent to our representatives and senators. C. Bills prepared by our city rep- resentative at our request and then submitted to the Legislature for passage. We believe there were no bills of this last category as we have had all our bills prepared either by our city attorney or the League of Municipalities. The rea- son we have done this is so that our city representative would not be burdened with the chore of writing bills for us but could devote his full time to see that the pas- sage of said bills was assured. 4. We believe that if there were an honest difference 01 opinion be- ave a eas r- ___________ f je ds- in the House. To 1 representative representing the tween our representative or sena- Democra derson-Hill proposal. Against them were 25 Democrats, 7 Republicans and 1 independent. The combined.Anderson-Hill sub- stitute would have retained off- shore lands under federal control, provided for a system federal oil leases and dedicated federal revenues to national defense and a system of federal aid to state school systems. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy with occasional showers and a lit- tle warmer tonight. Wednesday cloudy with occasional rain turning colder Wednesday night. Low to- night 40, high Wednesday 52. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 56; minimum, 33; noon, 55; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 52 at noon, min. 35 at a. m. Noon broken at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind 18 miles per hour from east, humidity 50 per cent, barome- ter 29.82 falling. dependency Thirty-eight Republicans and 18 reproach Any action on my part j emocrats voted to kill the An-1 mcir iudement and poor ot I indicating poor judgment and poor reasoning will diminish my stat- ure, reduce Alderman Christensen's state- rPDresentative ment' in behalf of-the ---y representative c fl asked three questions of friends, and ultimately reduce my McGm.' ability to get laws enacted. It was j had animosity on trnfo Qffaincr a ._ _..... also better not to vote against bm and felt should not be i i i_ j -j tiiia um emu ACJ.I, n, auuun 'farm" bill which had consider-} d wh djd able merit, than to vote in ai wRh tte CUy Council cause which was hopeless and to see a difference of opinion probably not in the best interests could be ifoned out We wouid have been happy to have met with the people of the state. Tax Bill Now then, let us turn, to my amendment which took the city of Winona out the tax bill for the cities of the second class. Let me say that this was the second time an amendment was offered by me to exclude the city of Winona from taxation. The other occasion, after a resolution from the City Council to vote against the one-mill bill for Winona Coun- ty, I amended the bill to exclude the city of Winona from taxation under this thereby resulting in a tax savings under this bill of approxi- mately whereas if the Coun- cil's resolution were followed the bill which included Winona would have passed 86 to 1. There are just some things you gentlemeri could learn about legislatures, as I had to do. This bill pertaining to the second (Continued on Page 17, Column 2.) you at almost anytime to resolve the matter. "Why did you wait until the next-to-last day or the last day of the session to 'kill' the bill and without letting us, in any way, know your intentions "In the light of your avowed intentions to work closely with the Winona City Council on all of its legislative v program, we are at a loss to understand why, in this in- stance, you failed and neglect- ed to do so and would appre- ciate knowing your reasons for not doing so." The Christensen statement rec-, ognized that he "has the duty to use his own thinking and discre- tion without being bound by the City Council or any other group." However, the repre- McGILL sentative "stated publicly that his (Continued on Page 12, Column 4.) 'COUNCIL (C AiUUotr. _ TTT. j ton wu_ I must exhi-1 clty and winona- City Council flr Qr gjjy Of QUr legislative program it is only right, fair-and proper for the rep- resentatives to contact the Council or members thereof in an attempt to iron out the differences prior to summarily killing any bill or portion of our legislative program. 5. We believe it is eminently un- fair for any representative in ef- fect to kill a portion of our legisla- tive program on the last day of the session without first giving the' Winona City Council an opportun- ity to discuss it with the representa- tive. Tax Bill Now that our general position has been discussed as above, we would now like to take up the spe- cific point at hand; that is remov- ing of the city of Winona from the so-called omnibus tax bill as re- ported out of the House tax com- mittee. This bill was a modification of the so-called "seven cities tax bill" as prepared by the of Minnesota Municipalities over the past several months. The position of the Winona City Council on this particular bill is as follows: Real estate and personal property taxes'in the city of Winona are too high now and should be lowered if at all pos- sible. We also think that too much of every dollar paid by (Continued on Page 17, Column 4.} ALDERMEN ;