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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 28, 1949, Winona, Minnesota CLOUDY, WARMER FRIDAY FM-RADIO AT ITS BEST WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, APRiL 28, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY-FOUR PAGES U.N Austin Tells S Quezon's Widow, Daughter, Four Others Murdered Good The True Sense Of The Word-were 21 friends of, Fred Crowson, Pilot Mound farmer who staged a surprise work bee on his farm yesterday A fleet of 16 tractors went into action at 8 a. m. By 4 p. m. more -than 30 acres had been plowed, disked, dragged, fertilized and planted with oats. Crowson, who is re- covering from a serious attack of pneumonia, had been unable to do his spring plowing and planting. His good neighbors are shown above as they posed at the foot of one of the freshly-plowed hills. The Crowson farm buildings are seen in the back- ground. Some of the men brought their tractors three miles to help in yesterday's work bee. Additional photos on page 13. Republican-Herald photo Golden Rule in Practice Friends Plow Fields For Ailing Farmer By Al Olson Pilot Mound, scene not easily forgotten-one that touched a warm spot in your enacted near here yesterday. 'fidTs'to'help with spring planting. It began at 8 a. m. when the Molofov Still Russ Top Man Under Stalin a. m. first tractor chugged into the Fred Crowson farm a few miles from Pilot Mound. And it continued throughout the day, as 15 tractors came nois- ily down country roads from a ra- dius of. over three miles around the Crowson farm. The .men .on .the .tractors brought .plows, .drags, .disks, the spirit of friend- ship .and .good that is the epltotny of the gold- their own farms where! By William L. Ryan planting and plowing was unfinish-j New doubts about ed in many cases to see that a tne present position of V. M. Molo- fellow farmer behind in his work House Leaders Give Ground On Labor Bill By William Arbogast adminis- tration leaders said today they will accept certain amendments to their j World Awaits Russ Lifting of Blockade By G. Milton Kelly rusnea to 3 nusyii.a.1 Now Yark-m-The world awaited today for Russia's official reply tuan_ He asked that blood plasma to a western request that she state formally and exactly her terms speeded to them _ The ambush by tl By Spencer Davis pea- sants today ambushed and killed Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon, 60, widow j of the Philippines' first president, her daughter and four other per- sons. Hukbalahap machine gunners shot down the party near Bonga- bong in the mountain fastness of norther Luzon. Ten others, includ- ing several prominent Filipinos, were wounded. The dead included Maria Quezon, daughter of the late president Man- uel Quezon, Mayor Poniano Ber- nardo of the capital Quezon City; two famous war-time guerrilla leaders, and a colonel and. a ma- jor San Augustin who were sons of Quezon's secretary, and Dr. Qui- sumbing of the Philippine bureau of science. Known wounded were Felipe Buencamino, son-in-law of the late president and Major General Ra- fael Jalandoni, retired army chief of staff of the Philippine republic. Nueva Ecija Province Governor Juan Chioco said the wounded were rushed to a hospital at Cabana- the Soviets already have replied that they Clt lillC OUVlCliO off the blockade if the Western allies will end their counter- fix a mutually four-power discussions i votes for a modified version of the Lesinski bill as a decisive vote late today but probably not until tomorrow. 'Normally, that total would be enough to .send their bill to the Senate. The measure would repeal of 210 because of a serious attack of pneu- monia could rest more easily. When the men came yesterday morning, the ground was hard and unbroken. When they left about 4 30 acres had been plowed, p. m., disked, dragged, planted with oats. American Way fertilized and a almost deafening. But didn't feel much like trying to talKj anyway. There was something about this scene that made words rather foolish: For here was the spirit of friendship that men dream was what statesmen and historians refer to as the "American way of life." Fred Crowson, tall and tov in the Soviet hierarchy were dispelled today. He is still the top man under Prime Minister Stalin. This can be reported with assur- ance, although the disclosure comes in an indirect way. It also can be reported: j 1. N. A. Voznesensky, deposed asj of the all-important gosplan planning commission) and as deputy prime minister, also has thin, the Patronage Threat Washington President Truman said today Democratic votes in Congress on Taft- Hartley repeal will be a test of party loyalty. He put actions of the law- makers on other Democratic platform measures in much the same class. Thus Mr. Truman indicated that the senators and repre- sentatives who fail to go along with striking out the two-year- old labor law and adhering to other platform pledges will have little to say about who gets fed- eral jobs. ex- and West may be on the verge of .ne- gotiations which, with careful and patient handling, might bring the cold war to an.end. A dispatch .from Associated Press Correspondent Eddy Gilmore in Moscow said diplomats there considered Russia. and the three Western powers may have made a start toward a new stage of mu- tual relations. Nobody was predict- ing a settlement, he said, but they felt a settlement could result, Gjl- more's dispatch passed through Russian censorship, but the copy of his story received in New York did not indicate whether there had been any deletions by the censor. Dr Philip C. Jessup, American ambassador-at-large, submitted yes- terday the request that the Rus- sians say officially and in writing what they have in mind as terms Southern Coal Men Ready to Talk With Lewis Washington Southern soft coal operators today broke away from the rest of the industry and prepared to negotiate a separate contract with John L. Lewis if nee- C w The ambush by the marauders occurred in mid-morning as the Quezon party traveled through the mountain area of northern Luzon en route to Baler on the east coast There were no details on the ac- tual shooting available here late "president Elpidio Quirino was notified of the ambush at his sum- mer home in Baguio. Army units were dispatched to the scene immediately. They were believed pursuing the killers through the lonely mountains. Quezon served the Philippines as its first elected chief of state. He spent most of the war years in Washington where he anil Mrs. Quezon were close to the late Pres- ident Franklin D. Roosevelt. Quezon died of tuberculosis at the end of the war. for lifting the blockade, cold war irritant. essary. The board of directors of the Southern Coal Producers associa- tion voted to remain away from further operator le for the time being. Southern President Joseph E. Moody said his directors believed UJ CilLl WJ. WAV. Incomplete reports here said the party was moving through a nar- row gorge mountains ____removed from the ruling polit- buro. He has not been replaced and the politburo now is made up ner acL Oi-n14n OTirl 11 ntVlPrC the Taft-Hartley labor act and re- the 1935 Wag- of Stalin and 11 others. 2. Lavrenti P. Beria ranks be- hind only Stalin and Molotov Soviet prestige. As far as But. minute'meeting with Soviet Dep- uty Foreign Ministers Andrei A. Gromyko and Jakob A. Malik, was surrounded by unusual secrecy. They met on the second floor of the elaborately furnished headquarters of the Russian United Nations dele- an edge in voting strength. of the Sierra Madre 88 airline miles from a burst of machine gun fire riddled the first two auto- mobiles. They carried .Mrs. Quezon and her immediate party. The at-, tack came between 10 and a. m. Fire Returned Constabulary troopers returned the fire. There was a sharp fight in which the troopers suffered three dead and seven wounded. The remaining members of the party were forced to retreat and ue raugner wiuu ------raced back to the village of Banga- of the other decid- bong? -where constabulary reinforce-j IHO a main they had formulated a definite pol- icy for negotiating with Lewis and yet that stage, lie said. For that reason, the southerners inclined to be a lit- tle tougher with Lewis than most Senate Changes Seen in Fight On Oleo Bill Washington Senate foes of ,he House-passed oleomargarine Nations dele- of the other operators-have deem, bong? where constaDUiary clear to still publicly Park avenue, New York of the ambuslJday they are going to try to snow -nt.ine? strength. mt-- e-oT-it LI1C ,._ _ wit.h amend in this country, Beria still is the behind the Soviet secret po- anks be-1 claim an edge in voting strengm. RUSSians sent the single writ- olotov inlThey hoped to substitute a bill in-jten word to newsmen asking tives by Representative Woodlfor comrnent on the meet- aown- 15 "i m-Ga.) which would retain mostu The American delegation an- Moc "at least until they settle tors at work. "I can't believe il, ne said, shaking his head. "I just can't even begin to." True, he had heard from his goodj ilice. This information filters through Moscow censorship in way: There, has been no official an- True, he naa neuru mo friend and neighboring farmer, El- nouncement of the present make- rner Borgen and his father-in-law, up of the politburo, the policy-mak- _ _ i.-_ i -.imm n-rtlncr nlles the SOVlet (D-Ga.) which would retain American delegation an of the Taft-Hartley law's major provisions. Some labor spokesmen have call- ed the Wood will a tougher meas- ure than the original Taft-Hartley law. Privately, Republicans and I1IC1 f Pete Dahl, that they were going to help him get his spring plow- ing body which union. However. done But Fred rules the Moscow is nounced only that Jessup had in- formally communicated the West- ern powers' request at the session. There were persistent reports, however, that the Russians gave an oral reply at the meeting out- lining the two provisions they de- Moody already has asked Lewis to begin negotiations for a contract to replace the one expiring June 30. Lewis has not yet replied. The other operators, meantime, scheduled a meeting at noon (C.S.T.) to consider Lewis' new con- (Continued on Page 8, Column 3.) mand as the price for ending their hlrv.liartfi. HOUSE 'blockade. j -a ge nUe plea fcri Austin and jjater ai> me w. the constabulary found the bodies the measure under with amend of Mrs. Quezon, her daughter, Ma- ria Aurora CBaby) Quezon and the mortally wounded Felipe Buenca- mino, in, husband of Mrs. Quezon's youngest daughter, Zenaida. Also dead were Mayor Ponciano Bernado of Quezon City (outside Major Primitive San Au- Treaty Approval Urged As Step Towards Peace Committee Told Cold War Turning Against Russians chief delegate to the United Nations told enators today the Nortn Atlantic pact will strengthen the U. N. and its stability to remove causes of war." Warren R. Austin made the state- ment before the Senate foreign re- ations committee in urging approv- al of the treaty as a step towards peace. He denied the 12-nation alliance would destroy the United Nations or weaken its efforts toward Inter- national unity. 'If the North Atlantic treaty Is operated according to the letter and spirit, both of the (United Nations) charter and of the he said, "it can lift the cause of peace above any level yet attained." Stand May Cost Votes Austin, a former senator himself, followed Secretary of State Ache- son in pleading for approval of the pact. Some senators, however, said part of Acheson's testimony yester- day may have cost the treaty vital Senate support. They referred to his statement that a vote for the treaty would be an endorsement of the admin- istration stand that' "the United ates can and should provide as- stanoe to the other pact coun- ries." Acheson was being questioned at e time about the proposed pro- gram to rearm friendly European ountries. Austin told the committee the ;old war" is turning against the ussians and this realization is senetrating the "isolation which the tiling class of the Soviet union has eated for itself behind the walls the Kremlin." The voting within the U. N., Aus- n added, is becoming more posi- ve in opposition to the Soviet. Taft Explains Views Senator Taft of Ohio, chairman the G O.P. policy committee, told reporter he regards Acheson's stimony as having linked the 12- nation pact "inseparably" to the roposed foreign firms rogram. "I'm against furnishing arms, ow Taft said. "I want to sup- port' the pact, but Acheson has nked it inseparable to the military program. I don't Jmow what my inal decision on the pact will be. Similarly, Senator Edwin C. ohnson (D-Colo.) said that "If they c- settlement without a strike this torup ban summer. get- ting ready for it's annual May day Crowson didn't know celebration, and this always is re- 20 other men had theivealing. in mind. Not until yes-j A dispatch from Moscow said sun- for the May day he realize what holiday began appearing in Moscow today. Red bunting and portraits be- of members of the politburo, to- yard did was happening. vevfhisVeyeven' he ejes fc on many The men came cm all types of "Stalin and Lenin are in the cen- tractors-brand new ones, old ones; ter, and on either side of thein are srax.-s.sazsrSffHSsE ensky's name was not on the list. That was all the information in this dispatch, but it tended to sup- As they passed the Crowson house they waved at Mrs. Crow- son who since her husband's re- cent illness has had to do most of the farm chores on the -00- acre place. The Crowson's have six children girls and three boys. But the boys aren't old enough to do the man-size chores yet or to han- dle the field work.-And the girls are married. Wives Pitch in So busy was Mrs. Crowson she hadn't even begun to have time to clean up their yard. It had both- ered her, too, since they prided themselves in keeping an especially neat and landscaped area jiround their frame hon dark pine trees. port previous hints that Voznesen- sky has been dropped and that Mol- otov's stature has been increased. Recently Molotov was relieved of his duties as foreign minister and Andre: Y. Vishinsky took his place. Molotov continued in his post as a.' deputy prime minister. WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 75; minimum, 47; noon, rk Pine trees. Sensing how Mrs. Crowson precipitation, none; sun sets to- the wives of the farmers who at 7.06; sun rises tomorrow at working in the fields brought rakes and baskets and pitched in. guerrilla fighters during the Japan, a lieutenant Lizzam and three constabulary privates. The wounded included Major General Rafael Jalandoni, retired The bill to scrap the 63-year-old federal taxes on oleomargarine wa approved yesterday by the Senate finance committee. The committee acted after rejecting an amendmen by Senator Edwin C. Johnson (D to cut other excise ,__ things like furs, jewelry and to 1942 levels. The committee also turned down a substitute bill sponsored by Sen OJJLQiUU. link the two proposals together, as tcheson seems to have done. 111 e against them both." United States ratification of the reaty'requires the approval of two lirds of the voting senators. Most of the 11 nations who would e this country's treaty partners already have asked for military aid. The committee called before it Warren R. Austin, American He loved Before the day was done they had the leaves raked up, and burned and garden areas cleaned and ready for planting. Not only that, they brought (Continued on Page 13, Column L) FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and and warmer tonight, low 48; Friday partly cloudy and warmer, high 76. Additional weather on page 13. General Kaiaei jaiauuuiu, a. army chief of staff, who notified wiley (R_wis.) and 25 othe President Quirino and the Phiup-1 tate senators who say th pine Red Cross of the ambush. The, measure would harm the but [general returned to Manila late to- ter Their substitute woulc i day. In Baguio President Quirino or- dered the constabulary and army i rush reinforcements'to troubled ueva Ecija province to undertake d, general campaign against bandits. The president said he could not be- ieve the attack had been led by communist-directed armed peasants called Hukbalahaps. have junked the federal taxes o oleo but would have prohibited in terstate shipment of the yellow pro duct. The House bin would require pub eating places selling oleomar identify it as such an i a triangular form. Wiley's amendment would said that Mrs. Quezon was too much by these people to harmed by them. There were reports that the bodies much more sweeping- than John son's which deals mainly with ex cise taxes which were imposed dur ing the war had been looted of jewelry and uables. Quirino said this was a further indication that the attack- ers were bandits and not Huks. News of Mrs. Quezon's death spread like wildfire through Manila and over radio networks through- out the islands. There was evidence shock and anger from Filipinos. if Chairman George (D-Ga.) of th Number of State Locker Plants Up St.. with 50 such plants before World War U, now has 618 frozen locker instal- lations with individual stor- age M. J. Nehring, Paynesville, secretary, told the Minnesota Frozen Food Locker as- sociation last night. Nearly five mil- lion families rent space in the na- tion's such facilities, lie said. Sente sesslo and that the Wiley substitute and the excise tax amendments will b defeated. U. of Texas Refuses 35 Negro Students Austin, Tews Thirty-fi Auabiup young Negroes tried unsuccessfull yesterday to register at the TJnlve sity of Texas. Then, a parading band or young Negroes and whites carriec an old fight to end segregation the races in education to the Texas legislature and to Governor Bea ford Jester. Jester said their petition for e ucational facilities, which had bee left earlier, would be turned ov to the proper authorities. oauy AV. epresentative to the United Na- tions, and Secretary of Defense ohnson. More Questions Planned Senator Donnell a non- committee member who tried un- uccessfully to find out from Ache- son whether the President has pow- er to order American troops abroad, was invited back for more questioning of witnesses today, Acheson declined to answer Don- nell's question on the ground that t "is not my function to make any statement which might be preju- dicial to the powers of the presi- dent or prejudicial to the powers of Congress." While Acheson told the commit- tee he feels the treaty carries an mplied promise of military aid, he added that if a senator feels this country cannot econom- c or military supply arms to other nations, he is at lib- erty to vote against the arms pro- gram. Wisconsin Taverns To Close on May 3 Madison, Wisconsin's tavern and liquor stores must close during polling hours on Tuesday, May 3. Attorney General Thomas E. Fair- child ruled yesterday that the May 3 run-off election for supreme court justice and state superintendent was part of the annual spring election and, therefore, no intoxicants could be sold. His opinion was in reply to re- quests from authorities of Wiscon- sin Rapids, Milwaukee and Apple- ton. ;