Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 27, 1954, Winona, Minnesota
Clearing, Cool Tonight; Fair, Warmer Wednesday Follow Nick Haliday on Back Page Daily NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 133 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 27, 1954 TWENTY PAGES Army Says Schine Photo Doctored Britain, France Seek Cease-Fire in Indochina Americans Feel Peace Will Be Hard to Obtain Eden, Churchill Confer on Program For Conference By EDDY GILMORE GENEVA Lfi Britain was re- ported today to have joined France in a decision to seek an imme- diate cease-fire in Indochina. A highly informed conference source said French Foreign Min- ister Georges Bidault was expect- ed to propose this to Soviet For- eign Minister V. M. Molotov when the two meet later today for an informal talk on the Indochina question. This source said Prime Minister Churchill had telephoned Foreign Secretary Eden from London at least twice last night in reaching the British decision to back up a French call for a halt in the Indo- china fighting. U. S. reaction to the reported British move was not immediately known. But the Americans have expressed belief that the fluid character of the largely guerrilla Indochina war would make any cease-fire hard to enforce. In Informal Stage The Indochina talks were as >st in the informal, small-group stage. The IS-nation Far Eastern confer- ence agreed at its opening session yesterday to take up general de- bate on Korea first, starting at the session this afternoon. The Molotov-Bidault talks were the first contact of the Western Big Three with Russia on Indo- china. The 19-nation conference is scheduled to take up that war after its discussions on Korea. Bidault arranged to see the So- Mrs, Martin Row, Minneapolis, lectures her boys, Timmy, 5, left, .and Terry, 6, at the breakfast table after the boys spent the night in the hallway of a duplex nearby. A search Monday night by National Guardsmen, police and parents failed to locate the boys, who came home for breakfast this morning. (UP Tele- photo) Monsoon Hits Dien Bien Pnu BY LARRY ALLEN HANOI, Indochina long-awaited big seasonal monsoon rains hit Dien Bien Phu and all of north Indochina today as French and Vietminh artillery kept up their violent duels across the bat- tered ramparts of the besieged fortress. In its usual brief morning communique, the French high com- mand described the situation at Dien Bien Phu as "unchanged" Australia and New Zealand Back U.S. Plan Favor 'United Action' to Stop Reds in Asia By JOHN SCALI WASHINGTON and Zealand were reported today to have expressed strong interest in joining the United States in pos- sible "united action" to save Indo- china and Southeast Asia from Commumsm. Both governments were under- stood to have stopped short of a firm "yes" only because of Brit- ain's refusal to adopt a like course until after the current Geneva con- ference with Red China and Russia. But Australian and New Zealand interest in the plan put forth by Secretary of State Dulles is re- ported strong enough that Amer- ican officials are hoping the two will persuade Britain to join up rather than split the British Com- monwealth. Dulles was said to be pressing his united action at Geneva even though informed American Of- ficials regard the fall of the Indo- china stronghold of Dien Bien Pith as only a of time. -The loss Bien -Phu to the Red-led Vietminh, they said, would make all the more imper- ative united action to rescue In- dochina. Given Fill-in and said there had been no im- ______ _ portant land fighting in the past viet foreign minister after the Rus- 24 hours. sian failed to show up yesterday Since the rebel artillery attack stepped up Sunday, the French have believed a third all-out Viet- minh infantry assault on the shrunken fortress defenses might come at any time. Many observers expect the mon- for an informal talk on Indochina with French Minister Bidault, U. S. Secretary of State Dulles and British Foreign Secretary Eden. Part of Red Plan The Western Big Three reviewed the situation in France's Far East- ern colony and were reported to have agreed on the nations they want at the table when Indochina comes up. Diplomatic sources believed Mol- otov's failure to meet with the three Western ministers indicated a decision against any "Big Four" gatherings while Communist Chi- (Continired on 8, Column 7.) BRITAIN Mill City Filling Station Operator Shot b Youth MINNEAPOLIS Hi A 46-year- old Minneapolis filling station op- erator was critically wounded to- day by an assailant he said con- fronted him .shortly after opening his place for business. Justice H. Stadskley, operator of the station at Lake Street and 33rd Ave., S., was taken to Minneapolis General Hospital with a bullet wound in his neck. Police said Stadskley identified his assailant as an 18-year-old youth. Detective Captain Clarence McClasky said motive for the shoot- ing was being investigated and ad- ded it apparently was not robbery. Detective Captain Clarence Mc- Laskey said that a youth was picked up at about 10 a.m. for questioning. 2 Killed, 8 Hurt as Cars Skid, Collide ELROY, Wis. Two persons were killed and eight others suffer- ed injuries in a two-car crash dur- ing a heavy rainstorm south of here Monday night. The dead were Gary Long, 18, Mauston, and Eben Maly, 27, rural Yuba. Long was a passenger in a car carrying a group of Mauston High School track athletes, en route home after participating in a meet at Wonewoc. Dist. Atty. John E Armstrong of Juneau County, said the car car- rying the youths skidded on the pavement, after which it was hit by a car driven by Maly. Maly's wife suffered a broken leg soons to hamper or halt Vietminh operations and seriously slow transport of the rebels' war sup- plies from Red China. The French hope this will force their enemy to taper cff his efforts to overrun Dien Bien Phu's battered and out- numbered defenders. But the advent of the big rains, accompanied by violent lightning and thunderstorms, also retarded the French counterattack. Little seas of mud oozed from the one- time dust bowl's red earth, slowing the French tanks and armoret vehicles. The heavy clouds and sheets o rain forced the French war planes to taper off their heavy attacks on the rebel legions tightly circling the northwest bastion and the lines of trucks and coolies bringing them food and munitions. Only yester day U.S.-supplied Corsair fighter bombers had swelled the French piloted air force for the first time for a record day of raids on the Vietminh. Despite transport Heavy Rains Blamed for 3 Deaths or two "should Dien Bien Phu.' tell the story at the weather, French planes kept up their drops of men, war material anc food into the beleaguered fortress. The Vietminh's heavy antiair. craft guns again and again threw up curtains of fire at the low-flying transports. The fortress gunner: worked desperately to seek out the rebel batteries and silence them. In the fortress' northwest sector, believed to be the avenue the rebels will use for their next drive on the French headquarters, the defenders and the Vietminh blast- ed at each other with mortars, heavy machine guns and automat- ic arms. There the opposing trenches were only 300 feet apart. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Clearing and continued cool tonight. Wed- nesday general fair and warmer. Low tonight 40, high Wednesday 66. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 83; minimum, 44; noon, 50; precipitation, 1.41; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER High temperature last 24 hours was 78 at p.m. Monday, low 45 at a.m. today. Noon 47. The skies were overcast at feet, visibility 15 miles, the wind and two Maly youngsters broken from the northwest at 18 miles an arms. Long's companions were hour. The barometer was 29.85, shaken and bruised and received rising slowly, and humidity 71 per hospital treatment cent. ip r By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Heavy rains that brought poor visibility and soft road shoulders were blamed for traffic accidents that claimed three lives Monday and Monday night, one of them a year-old baby. Latest victim was Mrs. Donald killed on Highway 4 near 20 miles southwest of Fairmont Monday night when her husband's car went into a ditch during a storm. She died en route to the Holy Family Hospital at Estherville, Iowa, where the Pechs live. Her husband was reported in serious condition there. The child victim was Barbara Ann, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Melvin McCabe, Beloit, Wis., killed when the car driven by her father was ditched after plowing into a soft shoulder on Highway 9 near Benson. The parents and three other children were unhurt. Howard S t e n d e r, 20, Young America, discharged from t h e j is regarded as crucial to the plan's Army only four months ago, was killed there when his car and a truck collided at an intersection late Monday. Just last night, 12 key members of the Senate and the House, both Democrats and Republicans, were iven a State Department fill-in on Indochina and other world trouble points. The briefing by Acting Sec- retary Walter Bedell Smith was jased on messages sent by Dulles from Paris and" Geneva. Coming away from the briefing, several of the lawmakers com- mented that "things look dark all over." One of them, Sen. H. Alexander Smith said in an inter- view the "next few days will be of vital importance to the West." Smith, chairman of a Senate For- eign Relations subcommittee on the Far East, said the coming (Jay Army Attorney Joseph N. Welch charged at the Army-McCarthy investigation that a photo- graph offered in evidence Monday showing Army Sec. Robert Stevens standing alone with Pvt. David Schine was "doctored." Here Welch dis- plays an enlargement of the picture which shows that Stevens and Schine were part of a larger group. In his left hand is the print introduced Monday. (UP Telephoto) Britain's willingness to join Au- stralia, New Zealand and other na- tions in a united front against Red encroachment in Southeast Asia could open the way for free world countries to reinforce French Union forces with military units of their own. Dulles advocated the "united ac- tion" approach in a speech March 29, Later he issued specific invita- tions to nine countries with inter- ests in Southeast Asia. Thailand accepted. The Philip- it would join. three Indochina pines indicated France and the states Laos, Cambodia and Viet Nam have informally hinted at acceptance. Britain's membership, however, success because Dulles reportedly does not believe the United States should "go it alone" if other allies refuse to participate. Senate Rejects Continuation of Rigid Supports WASHINGTON WV-The Senate efeated today an effort to extend igid government farm price sup- )orts on major crops for a year irough 1955. By a 43-40 vote, it scuttled an mendment to a special wool bill ffered by Sen. Ellender (D-La) nd a group of other farm state lawmakers. The vote was a victory for the flexible and lower price support plan urged by President Eisenhow- er and Secretary of Agriculture Benson although not a direct test on the issue. The Senate is considering a bill to aid domestic wool growers. A debate limitation is in effect and this is expected to lead to a final vote late today or Wednesday. Amendments have been offered as riders to the wool bill covering many of the principal fights over farm policy for 1954. The most important amendment, on which the first vote is set, would extend for two years the mandatory supports at 90 per cent of parity on basic wheat, cotton, corn, rice, tobacco and peanuts. It is sponsored by Sen. Ellender (D-La) and five oth er senators. Parity is a standart Business Revival Signs Encouraging WASHINGTON eagerly awaited business upturn may havi arrived, Dr. Courtney S. Brown of Columbia University said today but it may prove to be only a temporary rally "in a longer period o slack activity" lasting a year or two. Brown, dean of Columbia's Graduate School of Business, said in lemarks prepared for the U. S. Chamber of Commerce convention there are encouraging signs that a revival "started a month or so ago." And a member of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, A.L, Mills Jr., said in a prepared talk there is increasing evidence of "resurgent business activity" to for measuring farm prices'said by law to be fair to farmers in terms of prices they must pay for things they buy. The 90 per cent supports for bas- ic crops have been in effect dozen years. They were put on in World War II to stimulate fooc and fiber production. Congress has extended them repeatedly. Senate Republican leaders pre- dicted confidently they could de- feat this amendment. Some of its sponsors privately conceded they were not too hopeful. Paratroopers Stream from C119 troop car- riers during operation "Tacair a training exercise of the tactical air command being con- ducted by the 9th and 18th jAir Forces at Pope AFB, N. C. The drop is being held simultaneous- ly with "Exercise Flash the Army's atomic maneuver involving men. (UP Tele- photo) which, he said, administration fis- cal policies may give added vigor. Period of Stability Brown said some economists who formerly believed the business up- turn would come this summer or fall now are "beginning to veer to earlier dates." "Perhaps the turn around has already he said, but added: "There is no convincing evidence that the incipient revival will be more than an improvement of several months' duration. It could turn out to be merely a period of stability at present levels "It may be more realistic to re- gard the present prospect of im- provement as a period of rally in a longer period of slack activity. If we are wrong, so much the better." Dean Brown questioned whether the nine-month-old business sag had been caused so directly by the adjustment of overloaded busi- ness inventories as most adminis- tration officials have contended. Not Weak Economy The nation's economy may have passed temporarily from a postwar period of replenishment and expan- sion to a period that could last another year or two, during which replacement may provide the prin- cipal source of new demand, he said. This would not necessarily mean a weak economy growing Brown added, but it does cast doubt that any revival "will represent a new and sustained movement to new heights of pros- perity." It would be nice to think that our worries are behind us, or that they will 'shortly be behind us, but that is perhaps he said. "Unless there is a major change in international affairs or in domestic government policy, we may have to content ourselves with something less than a full-blown Doom." Brown voiced doubt that the gov- ernment should undertake extra- ordinary action to stimulate indus- rial expansion and employment. To be really effective, he said, such measures might have to be so drastic as to be "incompatible with the political philosophy of the present administration." Delta Air Lines Asks Added Midwest Route ASOPGTON UPt-Delta C S Monday asked the Board for n additional route in the Middle West. Delta asked for authority to perate between Chicago and Min- eapolis-St. Paul by way of Mil- waukijjp and Rochester, Minn. 3 Killed, 60 Hurt in German Train Collision FRANKFURT, Germany u The crack Scandinavian Express and a local commuter train collid ed at Hanau, near Frankfurt, today. German railroad officials said three persons were killed and 60 injured. The dead, all Germans, on the Rome-to-Copenhagen express were ;wo train conductors and a woman passenger who had just entered ;he dining car when the collision occurred. No one aboard the local train was reported hurt. Revising an earlier report that Jie trains, crashed head-on, offi- cials said the local train had just pulled out of the Hanau station when, it smashed into the side of the express at a switch. The locomotives of both trains and five cars of the express were derailed and overturned. Picture Battle Complicates Senate Hearing Cohn Says Photo Was Sent to Him by Schine WASHINGTON WV-The Army hurled a charge of using a "doc- tored" photograph at the McCar- thy camp today, and Roy Cohn, counsel to Sen. McCarthy, ack- nowledged he had provided it. Cohn denied knowing the picture had been altered. The picture in question showed Secretary of the Army Robert T. Stevens with Pvt. G, David Schine, drafted former consultant to Mc- Carthy's Investigations Subcom- mittee. It was introduced in evidence Monday during questioning of Stevens about his relations with Schine, Stevens was sent from the wit- ness chair and Cohn called to it today after Army Counsel Joseph N. Welch charged it was a "shame- fully" altered photograph, cut to impression that Stevens and Schine were photographed alone, when in truth it was a group wcture. Cohn Provided Photo Ray H. Jenkins, special subcom- mittee counsel, said Cohn had pro- vided the picture and called Cohn :o answer questions about the al- .eged "doctoring." Cohn said the picture was sent to him by Schine, that it was "blown up" and delivered to Jen- kins. He insisted he had no knowl- ge of a third person being cut out; that whoever did it thought only Stevens and Schine were rele- vant. Cohn testified that Stevens in- vited .him, McCarthy and Schine in Stevens' office last Nov. 8, but that Schine, then in the Army, couldn't go. He said Stevens at that time ex- pressed regret, saying a couple of photographers bad made requests for a picture of Stevens and Schine. The original picture included Stevens, Schine, an Army colonel .dentified only as Bradley, and part of another scivilian at Mc- Air Force Base, New Jer- sey.. The 27-year-old Cohn said that n any case Stevens had repeatedly equested that he (Stevens) be ibotographed with Schine. "That's the fact and we will Cohn declared. Many Stevens had denied in testimony Monday that he had ever pro- iosed to have a picture taken lone with Schine. He certainly idn't recall it, he said, but com- mented that he had been photc- raphed many times with many Vrmy men. It was after this testimony by tevens that Jenkins introduced 76 picture in evidence. Cohn acknowledged that ne gave enkins the photograph at a meet- ng' the latter part of last week. Je also confirmed, under ques- .oning by Jenkins, that he did not mention that the photograph had een altered. The picture was taken last Nov. 7. Cohn said Stevens walked over Schine and said: "This is a icture I have wanted to have. et's take it now." Stevens has charged that Mc- arthy and Cohn improperly pres- Continued on Page 18, Column 1) MCCARTHY Kansas Filer 1st U.S. Casualty in HONG KONG American civilian flier, Paul Robert Holden of Greenleaf, Kan., is the first U.S. casualty of the Indochina war, officials of Civil Air Transport said today. Holden suffered severe wounds in his right side and right arm when Communist antiaircraft fire hit his plane carrying supplies to the beseiged French fortress of Dien Bien Phu. The airline said his condition is serious but not critical. Co-pilot Wallace A. Buford of Kansas City, Kan., landed the damaged plane safely, in French territory, the airline said. CAT spokesman A. T. Cox said Holden was the airline's chief pilot. He flew for the U.S. Air Force in World War II and after the war flew in China until 1947. Civil Air Transport, headed by retired U.S. Gen. Claire L, Chen- nault, has its headquarters at Taipeh, Formosa. It has been fly- ing supplies in Indochina for several under contract with the French. Love for Aviation GREENLEAF, Kan. UP) Robert Holden, American civil- ian flier who became the first U.S. casualty of the Indochina war, has long had "a great love for his brother said today. Holden suffered severe wounds when his plane, carrying supplies to the besieged French fortress of Dien Bien Phu, was hit. by Com- munist antiaircraft fire. His brother William said The Associated Press report on the pilot being wounded was the first word the family had received on him in about two weeks. "We're certainly glad to hear he came out of Holden said, "even though he was wounded." He said his brother, who is 34, first started flying while in the Army during World War II and "he's been intensely interested in it ever since." He said Holden last had visited Greenleaf, a town of about 600 in northeast Kansas, about a year ago. In addition to the brother, the flier's mother, Mrs. Anna M. Holden, still lives here. Holden spent most of his early life in Greenleaf and attended Kansas State College before going into the Army. He is chief pilot for the Civil Air Transport.