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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 26, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w BATHER OropfkllT fulr mid warmrr tonight and Sunday L Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations IFE OF FORD Intimate Story of Famed Auto Pioneer. Another Chapter Tonights VOLUME 47, NO. 59 W1NONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, APRIL 26, 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FOURTEEN PAGES Deadlock in State Legislature Broken Badger Bonus Hearings to Be Wednesday Three Bills Up; One Provides Grants Averaging Madfoon, of the major Issues of the legislative scs- mon the question of providing bcmu.vs for Wisconsin come up for its first public airing Wednesday. On that' any the assembly vet- erans nnd military affalra commit- Iff will meet at p. m. to con- sider three bills providing for bonuses for men and women who In the armed forces In World War II. One of the major bills Is upon- by the committee. It would provide .for Immediate payment of bonuses of to to veterans. The other measures are for pay- ments In future years and leave the nmount to he determined by future legislatures. St2X.000.000 Needed The committee bill would raise annually through various luxury taxes und a surtax of CO 1---- Battered By Severe Gale, the British tanker Samtampa lies smashed in three pieces on the rocks off Forthcawl, Wales, The vessel was swept onto the rocks and broke into three parts before dusk. Forty crew members and eight lifeboat men who tried to aid the stricken ship are missing. (A.P. Wlrephoto via radio from Gen. Marshall Arrives; Met By President Monday Report on Moscow Conference to Be on KWNO Tru- man told Secretary ol State George C. Marshall upon his return from the Moscow conference today that he was very well pleased with what the secretary had been doing. Interrupting a weekend cruise on the Potomac to greet Marshall at National airport. Mr. Truman said ho knows that when the secretary makes his report to the country the people ,wlll feel pleased also. Marshall is to make a half hour broadcast over three of the fouri major networks at p. m. (C.S.T.) Monday on the work of the foreign ministers at Moscow. (The prr cent on Incomes. It Is estimated Wallace Flying Home; to Go Adjournment On American Speaking Tdur Expected to A. Wallace left Paris by plane today for the United States, ending a whirlwind speaking tour of western Europe. Before taking off, Wallace com- mented on reports that he had been denied the use of the Hollywood Bowl lor a speech he planned to make there next month as part of a projected lecture tour of the United States. "I have been telling the people of Europe that freedom of speech is not dead in the United States and I still think he said, indicating that he was confldent his Hollywood spelli- ng engagement would be fulfilled. (In Hollywood last night, Gene Doyle, manager of privately-owned Gllmore stadium, said he had given. Wallace permission to speak there May 19 under sponsorship of the Progressive Citizens of. America. Doyle declared, "This is a free coun- try and Wallace has a right to speak in Gil.more stadium if he wants Wallace, who arrived in London April 8, visited a series of English cities and Stockholm, Oslo, Copen- hagen and Paris during his Euro- pean tour, stirring up 'a furore in the United States with his criticism of President Truman's proposal for aid to Greece and Tur- key. Come Tonight Bonus Questions Due to Be Put Up to Voters in '48 St. Paul Minnesota's The deadlock of 55th legislature Wage Pacts Follow Pattern Set by U. S. Steel Increase that approximately would be needed to pay bonuses im-rafTlnR to the state's veterans and benefits up to for heirs of veterans who died or were Wiled in service. The measure calls for doubling the tuxr.i on liquor, wine and beer, in- creasing cigarette taxes from two to three cents a package und ten per cent taxes on cosmetics, per- fumes, luggage, theaters, hotels, telephones and Jewtlry. The second bill calls for a 60 per cent surtax on individual and cor- porate Incomes through the years 1947-56 and payment of bonuses of about in 1057. The third measure would divert money from the segregated highway nnd general funds and have a future legisla- ture decide on the bonuses to bo paid. Also up before tho committee Wednesday will be a measure to provide an educational bonus of a month for children of veterans killed in the war. The controversial issue of bingo jilso will come up for another hear- ing when the assembly Judiciary committee, meeting Thursday, hears arguments on a Joint resolution to amend the constitution to permit fclnso games sponsored by civic, rell- Pittsburgh Nearly steel workers and their employers today were covered by agreements calling for pay .raises of about 12V4 cents an hour plus some fringe items. The contract between the C.I.O.- TJnltcd Stcclworkers and the United States Steel Corporation for workers in the firm's five subsidi- aries appeared once again to be set- ting the pattern for the industry. First Into the fold were Bethlehem Steel Corporation -with em- ployes; Youngstown Sheet Tube Company, and Welrton Steel Company, Bethlehem nnd Youngstown had not yet signed contracts but had agreed with the CJ.O.-steelworkers on basic wage terms, with details to be ironed out. Welrton Steel ha signed with the Weirton -independ cnt union for a across- the-board !4 cents hour! raise, with minimum rate of an hour. There was still a heap of contract, to be signed before the steel Indus try could settle down to anothe year or two of quiet. The C.I.O. steelworkers alone claim tc .members nnd more than of them are still to be cov cred by agreements. Last year the hundreds of fabri cators manufacturers who us steel make thousands of prod ucts complained bitterly when they were forced to accept the 18V cent raise pattern set by Big Steel There is yet no indication whether they have changed their minds. clous, fraternal ganizations. and patriotic or- Western Bloc to Fight Interior Department Cuts n.v Wlllam F. Arbogast Western mem- bers of Congress, beaten off in the House looked to the Senate today for restoration of part of a 45 per cent cut In Interior department fund.' for the 1048 fiscal year. Their hope is that the Senate will put buck a big chunk of the 000.000 chopped out of the budget rs'.imate and that the house will split the difference in a final com- promise. .Only of the cuts recom- mended by the House appropriation committee were restored by the llouxc Itself before it passed the bill last night by n vote of 307 to 30. Passage came after the defeat. U. N. Delegations i f Gather for Work On Palestine By John A. F.irrlx, Jr. New York Official delega- tions and interested groups mapped last-minute strategy today for handling the explosive Holy Land problem as representatives of 55 countries converged on New Yorki for the special Palestine session] of the United Nations assembly which opens .Monday. The five major powers took tlie lead by agreeing on a slate of of- ficers for the session which gets, under way at Flushing Meadow park Monday, Under the five-power agreement one of the vlce-presi-1 dents would go to either India or Bemidji Only State Community to on Daylight Saving By The Associated Press With many of the nation's cities drifting to daylight sav- ing time Sunday, BcmidJl was the only Minnesota community reporting Friday that it would sot' its clocks one hour ahead. In 1946, Dliluth and' MesabI Iron range points by action of in those areas went to daylight time, which accomplished nationally dur- ing the war by presidential order. 0 the Philippines with India report- ed, to have the edge. 11-Mcmbcr Committee Slated to furnish the chairmen of tho six assembly committees were Egypt, Canada, .Czecho.-Slovakia, Poland, Mexico and Sweden. In a flurry of last-minute moves, Argentina announced she would propose the creation of an 11-mem- bcr committee to inquire into the Palestine situation. In another field, meantime, an authoritative source said the five major powers may be near agree- ment on a governor for Trieste. This source said Russia had Chrysler, Union Reported to Be Near Agreement Detroit A second wage May Lumber Deals To Be Aired in Monday Hearings report will be broadcast locally by Radio Station KWNO.) Marshall told Mr. Truman that he considered the personal welcome by the President a great honor to him- Convicted of Spying, Then Freed, U. S. Officers Report By Harold K. Milks Nanking" Two American officers held by Chinese com- munists in Manchuria for 55 days disclosed today that during 34 days of solitary confinement in Harbin, each was brought before c. military "court" four times on charges of Spying. Major Robert Rigg of Chicago and Captain John W. Collins of Evanston, told correspondents Washington The .'j ment plans to go ahead today with evidence in federal wartime lumber deals Involving; An- drew J, May, former chairman, of the House military commlttsej.; The trial of the Democratic ex- congressman and three others on war fraud charges adjourned for the weekend. His co-defendants are accused of conspiring to buy the Kentuckian's influence .to get War department favors. The others are Murray and Henry Garsson, figures In a rnunltions- maklng combine, and Joseph P. Freeman, their Washington agent. Lerby Fields, a 70-year-old Ken- tuckian, testified yesterday that he quit a partnership with May In the Cumberland Lumber. be- cause he "decided waffi'some- hing wrong" and'had 'fSflecV to get a half Interest In the flrm as he aid May had promised. The government charges the Gars- ons financed the Cumberland flrm or May but the latter's attorneys i, H B r A finally learned from a borrow- self and members of the American yradlo ln thclr prlson that tney had been convicted of "reconnoiter- ing" for Chinese government troops. Riggs and Collins, assistant mili- tary attaches, were captured March 1 north of Changchun, Manchuria. They were released to a party of Americans Thursday and were brought here to report to the TJ. S. embassy. Traveled Continuously delegation. The secretary said he and his as sociates tried to do their bost, no only for the United States, but fo the world. Mr. Truman and Marshall spok" briefly for newsreels after Marshal and a group of five advisors step ped from the plane which brough them from Moscow. They left Mos ontend May only operated It for he Garssons. A. T. T. Rejects Jnion's Plea for 16 a Week Raise By Harold W. Ward Washington An offer by riking telephone workers to settle their wage demands lor a week ran into a rejection from an im- portant Bell system unit today, but government conciliators went ahead with efforts to end the 20-day-old cross Country tieup. The turn-down came from the long lines division of the American Telephone Telegraph Company, agreement 'autoTndus't'ry'sjp termed "unacceptable" the un- cow yesterday morning. Declines Comment Marshall declined direct commen on the results of the conference which railed to reach agreement on major issues. After a little more than an horn- in Washington, the secretary left in a two-engine army plane for Fine- lurst, N. C., and an overnight visit with Mrs. Marshall. He is expected to return to Wash- ington some time Sunday since he is scheduled to meet Mr. Truman and congressional leaders at the White House, tomorrow night to give them a first-hand account of what happened.lh' Moscow before making his the nation Monday. Several 'thousand" at National airport. The crowd cheered as the army transport com- mand plane taxied to a stop. Mr. Truman late yesterday In- vited congressional leaders to a "Big covering Chrysler production workers was be lleved near at hand today. Negotiators for Chrysler and th C.I.O. United Auto Workers wer reported ready to sign a' pact in the wake of the General Motors combined wage boost-holiday pa; agreement. Both company and union source the measure back to the committee for increases. Downs of other to boost the Tund.i wore battered down. When I: reached the House floor Friday, the bill carried n emp to end nominated for the post Terje Wold. [JuclKe of the supreme court of Nor- 'way and former minister of justice. Britain and American delegates informed Russia they would like to consult their governments on the nomination. U. N. sources, however, believed compared with budget re- qur-stn for tlio would be acceptable to both. nvndrd cut bdriK 47 per cent. Vote of Minnesota and Wisconsin representatives: Minnesota For passage; An rtrrscn. Andrescn, Devltt, Hagen MacKinnon, O'Hara Against: Blatnik. For passage: Brophy Byrne-; Keefe. Kcrstcn, Murray Hull. Stevenson. Against: O'Konnkl The 197 to 140 vote by which tho House refused to send the Interior department appropriation bill back to committee for the purpose of increasing various allotments in eluded: Minnesota Drvitt, Judd. Against: Andersen Hiigcn, Knutxon Ollara. MacKinnon. For: Blatnik. Wisconsin Iirophy, Iivnic.'.. Kccfp, Kcr.itcn, Murruy, O''.i, Stevenson. For: Hull. Haifa Crime Department Head of Wounds Jrrus.ilrm A. E. Conquest, hcnd of the criminal investigation department In the city of Htilfti, died of wounds he received today two young Jews .fired upon him in downtown Haifa, it was announced officially. First reports .sulcl Conquest was by two men riding in ri taxl- The cub, these reports said. Smith Raps Greek Aid in Minority Report Washington Representative Lawrence H. Smith (R.-Wlji.) dls- nprrccd completely yesterday with a House foreign affairs committee re- port which called the bill for In aid to Greece and Turkey "a positive move for the preserva- tion of world peace." "The time has now corns to save our own land and the heritage we Smith said in a minority report. "If we dissipate our re- sources and spread ourselves too Lhlnly, will look elsewhere for leadership. "To follow the President means indicated agreement up. the was Chrysler U.A.W virtually wrapped It was expected to follow closely the precedent of General Motors which granted an 11 ii cents basic hourly wage Increase and an addec three nnd one-half cents for six paid holidays for G.M.'s production men. C.M. called those terms the 'equivalent" of 15 cents an hour. Approximately fortnight ago the U.A.W.-C.I.O. filed a 30-day strike notice against Chrysler but said at the time the action i formality under the contract nnd did not "necessarily" mean a walk- out. that we are again embarking upon a course that culls for the exercise of 'orcc, not in the United Slates but hou-mnds of miles from he said. will not make for var." 7reighter Raised From ake Bottom Is Sold Sturgeon Bay, Wl.i. The 8C-f o'ot f rclKhter, the Captain John Roen, raised from the bottom of ,aku Michigan off Mackinaw three ears ago in a salvage Job regarded s the greatest in Great Lakes hls- T. W. Offer to Arbitrate The American Federation of Tele- ihone Workers agreed to submit ts wage nnd other demands on the "Chesapeake ring it into line with the Iff-cen hourly wage increases for steel auto and electrical manufacturini unions. Settlement of the strike in Mary- and by plant and mainten- ance workers drew conflicting re- actions from Luclcn F. Rye, the ederal conciliator there, and Joa- iph Beirne. president of the N. F Beirne said that would be "jump- ng to conclusions" and reminded porters that similar arbitration Milwaukee Insurance Broker Found Dead Port Washington, A Milwaukee insurance broker was found dead this morning on the back steps of his home five miles west of Thiensville under circum- stances which led authorities to believe he may have been slain. The dead man was Alvln B. Wit- tenborger, 45, a bachelor. He was engaged in the insurance business for more than 20 years and main- tained office In downtown Mil- waukee. District Attorney Ben Runkcl of Ozaukce county said there was a deep gosh in the back of Witten- berger's head. Runkel added that Wittenberger's home had been ran- sacked and his 1942 Packard sedan was missing, indicating that Wit- tenberger had been slain and that the killer had fled in his automobile. A general state-wide radio alarm was broadcast in an effort to locate ;he car. Runkel said the door at the head of the steps on which Wittenborger's sody was found was locked from the Inside, A partly filled box of .22 caliber rifle bullets lay on the citchen table. No gun was found Wlttonberger's dog was chained to an iron railing on the steps. Runkcl said desks and dressers had been rifled, checks and insur- ance records scattered on the-.bed. The sheriff said the body was aken to Port Washington for an autopsy. Badger Group Asks U. S. School Aid, Minus Control Milwaukee The Wisconsin Association of School Boards closed its two-day convention yesterday after adopting a resolution urging federal support for education, with- out federal control. Hugh E. Staffcn of Sheboygan was re-elected association presi- dent. The two officers finally were tak- 150 airline miles north- of Changchun, making the last ap by train. They-'were separated Immediately ,nd placed in solitary confinement with armed guards at each door and heavy force surrounding the old ouse which the communists turn- d- into a temporary prison. During their confinement, each as fed two meals a day. Rigg said Ills was "ample "but we could ave eaten more." The questioning which the two itcr learned constituted their "trial s spies" was conducted before Red Generals Huang Yi-feng and Li Li- san, the latter the chief of the com- munist foreign affairs department in Manchuria. Frequent Cross Examinations Rigg said the communists played one American against the other -with frequent crossquestioning and shouted charges of "Sessions of these 'trials' lasted from six to nine hours Jie added. "Questioning was interspers- ed with lectures by the presiding judge on the errors of American for- eign policy." Riggs said he and Collins learn- ed through a broadcast heard over a guard's radio that they had been convicted as spies. Then, he said, 'We didn't know what was going to lappen." The following day, April 9, Li Li- n invited the two'of fleers to lunch and informed them that although ;liey had been convicted, they would be liberated, in accordance with a promise by the Red commander in hief. General Chu teh. Maynard Nelson, 23, Univer- sity of Minnesota student, was put under a peace bond by Judge Rolf Fosseen after he pleaded guilty to a charge of threatening to breach the peace. (A .P. Wirephoto.) U. S. to Enter Claim for Wartime Rail Overcharges Washington The Justice department plans to file Monday a claim against 064 railroads for refunds on wartime military freight traffic charges which may run Into millions of dollars. Attorney General Tom Clark an- nounced the action, before the In- terstate Commerce commission, will be based on a contention that the railroads charged the government more than private shippers on the same type of freight. The charges were on freight des- tined for overseas movement but held at interior points during acute congestion at seaports during the war. The Justice department's only estimate of how much would be involved was "millions." Officials of the Association of American Railroads said they broken at a. m. today and in- dications were the session would ad- journ sometime tonight. Agreement over procedure came after a conference between Senator Gerald Mullln of Minneapolis and Majority Leader Roy E. Dunn of the house of representatives; The plan mapped by the two leg- islative leaders embraced, the fol- lowing agreement: (1) The senate will "consider on the floor" the house-approved bill for submission of a consti- tutional changing the inethoWvf distributing state fas tax moneys. (2) The house will consider the senate-approved measure for creation of an interim commis- sion to study state highway needs and report to the 1349 leg- islature. (3) To "scrap" the house-ap- proved highway extension bill. Speaker Lawrence M. TTOII St. Cloud, promptly after the agree- ment called the house to order to proceed with consideration, of con- ference reports dealing with, tha liquor, cigarette and income taxes. The agreement also called for trimming the size the highway interim commission from. 18, as in the senate bill, to ten members. TTaJ? said this bill will be considered after the conference reports. Vote on Bonus Seen Senator MulMn said lie could not promise that the senate would "go ilong" with the exact terms of the house-approved constitutional amendment which, would divide three cents of the four-cent state gas tax as at present, with the reve- nue from the extra penny left to the discretion of the legislature. At present two-thirds of the BRS tax money goes to the stnte trunk highway fund and one-third is dis- tributed among: counties through state road and bridge fund. On tlie bonus question, observers said it 'appeared almost certain to DC- submitted to voters in 1948. The louse has passed two one call- ing for cash payments up to on July 1 this year, and the second a 1946 vote. The senate was expected to concur on the latter proposal. Forest Bill Signed Governor Youngdahl today signed into law a bill creating machinery for acquisition of acres of virgin hardwood forest seven miles west of Monticello for development as a state park. By terms of the bill the commis- sioner of conservation is authorized to request a federal agency to ac- quire the area, then arrange to ex- change for it state lands in which ;he federal unit is interested through the state land exchange commis- sion. The area is located la Silver Creek township of Wright county, is about 12 miles northwest of Buf- falo. The new law provides that it shall be added to the state park system and portions of it may be used Tor Wild life, forestry and other projects. would withhold comment until they ;ee the complaint. Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona. and vicinity: Generally 3ob Topping to Marry Arline Judge Tuesday Miami Beach, Fla. Actress Arllne Judge and Henry J. (Bob) Topping ol New York and Miami Beach will be married here at 6 m. Tuesday. Circuit Judge Charles A. Carroll vill perform the ceremony at the ome of John Paul Riddle, aviation chool owner. It will be Miss Judge's fifth wed- ding and Topping's third. ON HER 100th birthday in Cleveland, O., Miss Emma Johnson still Is looking for the right man to marry. "So far, I haven't met any- one I'd be willing to get up and mako breakfast but mayba I I fair and warmer tonight and. Sun- day. Low tonight 46; high Sunday 68 to 70. Minnesota: Partly cloudy tonight. with a few showers near Canadian border. Sunday generally fair. Somewhat warmer tonight. Cooler in extreme "north portion Sunday. Wisconsin: Pair and warmer in the south and central portion. Part- ly cloudy with little change in ex- treme north portion tonight. Sun- day fair, mild south and central. Warmer In the extreme north. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 70: minimum, 40: noon, 70; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- nt TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Pet. Denver ..............53 32 Los Angeles 66 54 Miami 80 72 Mpls.-St. Paul ......53 trace New Orleans......... 8-4 64 .77 New York ...........53 J2 Phoenix R5 53 SufttUo C3 Washington 45 .04 RIVER BULLETIN nood Stage 24-Hr. Staec Today Change Hastings 38 12.6 .1 Red Wing..... 14 10.1 -f- .2 Reads 9.1 4- Winona (C.P.) .13 9.9 La Crosse ___ 12 9.9 Tributary Streams Chippewa at Holcombc 8.2 .4 Black at Nelllsvillc 5.8 .7 RIVER FORECAST (From Hastings to Guttenbeir) Prom Hastings to Fountain City there will be a slight rise the next 36 hours, will remain nearly sta- tionary between .WJnona and La Crosse and fall slowly from Genoa to Dam No. 10. The Black. Wiscon- sin and Chippewa rivers will chance very little. Smaller will ;