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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 25, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Saturday; Warmer River Stage 24-Hour (Flood Stage 13) Today (noon) 16.75 .35 Year Ago 14.98 .42 VOLUME 52, NO. 59 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 25, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES 30 Killed In Cruiser St. Paul Blast Starts Drive To Help Red Cross An immediate response to the emergency appeal for con- tributions to the Red Cross relief fund has produced 10 per cent of Winona's goal in the past 24 hours. Within a few hours after the request for critically-needed funds to finance Red Cross ac- tivities was made Thursday afternoon, the first contribu- tion for had been received at The Republican- Herald office and subsequent pledges have raised the first day's total past the The first donor to the fund with a check for was the Twin County Oil Company, 100 W. 2nd St. Among other con- tributions received up to noon today was a check for from the Winona Activity Group which annually sponsors the Winona Winter Carnival. Many of the individuals and' firms who have joined in the fund raising campaign are making their second donations this year to the Red Cross. One industrial plant whose check for nearly was re- ceived today previously had made a sizable contribution during the annual roll call ear- lier this year. One of the prime objectives of the current fund drive is to realize the quota set for Winona in the annual Eed Cross appeal which began last March 1. At the present time, the chapter is approximately short of this goal. The remaining sought represents Winona's, share in the nation-wide Red Cross drive for million to finance the relief and rehabilitation of residents of Midwest flood areas, including Winona. The current drive for funds is being spearheaded by a voluntary 13-man committee of Winona business, indus- trial, civic and labor leaders. No house-to-house solicitation will be made but all residents of the county have been asked to participate in the campaign by bringing or mailing contri- butions to The Republican-Her- ald office. Funds collected there will be sent immediately to Red Cross headquarters. Kansas City Over Worst of flood By LARRY HALL KANSAS CITY Kansas City area was over the hump to- day in its fight against the Missouri River but flood workers still maintained a vigil along the network of dikes for p'ossible weak spots. The flood-choked river continued to fall after reaching its peak here yesterday afternoon just a fraction under 30.7 feet. That was a little below the predicted crest of 31 and more than 10 feet under the top of the levees. Truman Talk of 'Ultimatum' Held Blunder By ERNEST B. VACCARO WASHINGTON UP) President Truman's off-the-cuff assertion that he forced the Russians out of Iran by a personal ultimatum to Pre- mier Stalin led to some unhappy tongue-clucking in high quarters to- day. A press office clarification of Truman's extemporaneous state- ment at a news conference yester- day pointed up the embarrassment occasioned by this and other off- hand remarks that have raised eye- brows around the world. "ultimatum" story under sue headlines as "sensation at Truma and "blunders by Mr. Tru man." In diplomatic language an "ulti matum" is regarded as a step jus short of war, Roger Tubby, assist ant presidential press secretary who formerly worked at the Stat Department, told reporters after ward that Truman had used the word in a "non-technical, layman The note in question, he said was not one from the President to Stalin, but a note from this govern ment to the Russian government on March 4, 1946, published the nex day, stating this country's position against Russia's continued occupa tion of Iran. "As you probably Tubby said, "the Russians withdrew their troops from Iran in May, 1946." Truman cited the Iran matter in outlining some of the actions he and other presidents have taken to meet national emergencies. He was Reds Break Off Secret Talks on War Prisoners Negotiations on Other Phases Will Continue TODAY Importance Of Being Gov. Fine Jy JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON The New York and Pennsylvania primaries may well prove to be Gen. Dwight B. Eisenhower's most important pre-convention victories, except of course New Hampshire, which put the Eisenhower show on the road. The New York voting interest- ingly proved the inaccuracy of the initial estimates of Sen. Robert A. Taft's strength, as confidentially prepared by the senator's own lieu- Clinton, tenants. These figures, which were the basis of the original Taft bull- dozer strategy, gave him a New York potential of no less than 20 delegates. To be sure, the 20 were expected to be mainly composed of who would only un- veil their adherence to Taft at the turning point in Chicago, Determining the number of sleepers in a 96-man delegation is naturally all but impossible. But after the severe defeat of most of the senator's open adherents in New York, the best local observ It was a record upstream flood until the muddy surge hit Kansas City. But from here on down- stream the river stages were lower than the terrible flood of July, 1951, when the Kaw Kansas River, which joins the Missouri here, laid waste to the rich indus- trial areas of the two Kansas Citys. Nothing like that happened this time. The record 1951 stage here was 38.2. Crest Past As the crest passed Kansas City, President Truman signed a 25-mil- lion dollar flood relief bill in Wash- ington. A little later he allotted of emergency funds to 'his home state of Missouri and to Kansas, where four counties were affected. On the Mississippi River, the record flood there inundated a Clinton, la., residential area eight blocks from the waterfront. It was the second flood blow in a year for I released from hospitals after r ceiving treatment for cuts lacerations. "The 'Trip Through Hades' wa intended to be said A fred Ingle, a Tilden chemistry tea cher, "and by Mades, it was." Newell Collins, 48, a maste ;alking about his seizure of the steel industry to prevent a strike. He said the note of May 6, 1946, was a major factor in bringing about Soviet withdrawal from Iran. 24 Injured in Chicago High Chemistry Blast CHICAGO per- sons were injured, none seriously, last night in two explosions during a demonstration in a. high school chemistry laboratory called a "Trip Through Hades." The second and much louder blast in the laboratory aroused the neigh- borhood near the Tilden Technical High-School. More than per- sons were in the school building attending Tilden's annual, home- coming "circus" to watch pupils demonstrate their academic pro- By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea The Com- munists today broke off secret ne- gotiations on how to exchange pris- oners of war, after the U.N. Corn- it would return the Reds captured in Korea. However, truce talks will con- tinue. The effect of the' Red action was to remove the veil of secrecy from negotiations. The prisoner talks were recessed indefinitely. They probably will be resumed in two or three days, but the sessions no longer will be off- the-record. Col. George Hickman asked for the recess so the U.N. Command could reassess its position in the light of developments. Neither side suggested truce talks were in total collapse. But grim Allied negotiators made no effort to mask the seriousness of the situation. The Reds broke off the secret talks six days after being told that only Allied held captives wanted to return to the Commu- nists. Charges Violation Chinese Col, Tsai Cheng Wen an- grily told U.N. negotiators there ''has never been anything like the gress. so called voluntary repatriation throughout history. "It is a direct violation of the !eneva Convention from which our side has been quoting so readily and he said Communist newsmen distributee l press statement on behalf of the led armistice delegation accusing ie Allies of using the siecret nego tiations "to deceive the world" on what was happening at the talks The Communists said the Allies wanted secrecy to'carry out "theii aim of forcibly retaining-capturec iersonnel of this side.1 The end of secrecy brought the first public disclosure that the U.N. 'ommand proposes to return only prisoners. On Dec. 18 the U.N. Command :aye the Reds a roster of risoners and said an additional had been reclassified as civil- an internees. Of the the U.N said South Korean Nationals wept up in the tide of war were in the process of being screened and reclassified. That would leave a total of Long Statement Hickman said he believed the Thii Is The Cruiser St. Paul on which 30 American seamen were killed Monday in an explosion in a gun turret. The Navy, in announc- ing the accident today, said it was the worst naval disaster of the Korean war. The St. Paul was firing on Communist pof.itions on the Korean east coast when the blast occurred. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) All but three of the injured were j Reds would have agreed to Allied j ,__- __ The long, flat crest was expected to reach Clinton today, although a rise of a few more inches was still predicted upstream at Du- buque. At the little "island town" of Sabula, work Iowa' National crews Guard and three companies kept fighting to plug periodic leaks in the dikes. Part of the town lies below the river level, No Worse Thun Year Ago In the tri-city area at Davenport the river stood at 18 feet last night ers doubt that Taft can count OD with another eight inches to go be more than four New York votes. I fore the expected crest Sunday. Flood sjagi; there is 15. Sentiment up and down the riv- Gov. Dewcy says Taft will only ge one. In New York as elsewhere in short, Sen. Taft has not made the showing he at first counted on making. Could be Docisive As for the Pennsylvania pri mary, it could be close to deci sive. The important fact here was not the outcome of the contest for delegates. Only eight places were directly in dispute between the Taft and Eisenhower forces, in Al- legheny County, where the Eisen- hower people did well. The impor- tant fact in Pennsylvania was. rather, the overwhelming turnout of Eisenhower enthusiasts far more than of a slate where people rarely bother to vote in primaries, and in a pri- mary with no real contest to give it zest It seems to be conceded, even by Sen. Taft's Pennsylva- nia friends, that this turnout rep- resents a genuine popular trend. Gen. Eisenhower, who had no sup- port whatever 'from the state or- ganization, polled a vote very far ahead of Sen. Edward Martin, for whom the organization went all- out. As the man who personally con- trolled by far the largest number of Pennsylvania's TO delegates, Gov. Fine is in a position to make -other politicians die of envy. The primary does not bind him; he can vote his cattle as he pleases. He has by far the largest block of uncommitted cattle still available. If Fine chooses Taft, this single (Continued on S, Column ALSOPS chemist and teacher for 28 year was in charge of 150 pupils con ducting experiments in the chem istry laboratory. A dramatic burn ing of the water stunt was stage a half dozen times without misha for audiences of 50 to 60. The wate was set aflame by the injection o sodium potassium alloy. Each tim a drop released from an ey dropper was enough to produce th fire. The explosion occurred when an ver seemed to be this year's flood unidentified pupil shot the who! Was nrt than Isct WOOT-'O no WDrse than last year's. Everyone liad feared it would be more serious. dropper-full of alloy into a beake on a work bench and -it blew up. Newell Collins a chemistry teacher, comforts his wife, Marjorie, after- both were injured by flying glass when a chemical mixture Collins was demonstrating blew up Thursday night. The explosion occurred as several thousand persons roamed through- out the Tilden High School, Chicago, 111., during an open house, homecoming carnival. Twenty-four others were injured; none seriously. (AP Wirephoto to Tin Bepnblican-HeraJd) Hickman of said he prisoners. believed the Reds would have agreed to Allied repatriation of prisoners In a long statement reviewing the secret talks Tsai accepted in part the Allied principle of voluntary repatriation. He said U.N.-held prisoners whose homes lie south of the battle line should have the right to choose where they want to live. Red-held prisoners would have the same choice. "Voluntary repatriation would, effect, be applied to a portion o the war prisoners in the respectiv custody of both sides and uncondi tional repatriation be applied the he said. Tsai said "the insistence by your side on this ridiculous figure (70, 000) has proved that your side not in the least willing to abandon the unreasonable position of forcec retention of tens of thousands o captured personnel of OUT side Thus, these executive sessions have been rendered meaningless." Hickman said interviews with jrisoners during a two-week recess which ended April 19 showed tha( only wanted to go home Sarlier, Allied officers had saie most U.N.-held captives would want to be repatriated. Ask To Return Hickman said about Korean civilians and North Korean and Chinese prisoners of war asked to return to Red-held territory. Col. James C. Murray said Com munist figures submitted during the ecret talks showed the Reds hold prisoners, an increase of bout 500 since the official Commu- nist prisoner roster was turned over last December. Murray said most f the additional names were those rf South Koreans. Staff officers met in secret ses- ion 17 times. Off-the-record talks Mutiny Ends, Prison Controls Tightened JACKSON, Mich. of riot-wracked Southern Michigan Prison moved today to tighten their control over the overflow inmate population and guard against any future mutiny in the ranks. A convict rebellion ended yesterday-only after the mutineers won their demands for 11 specific prison reforms. However, state officials emphasized that the rioters still face Ceiling Prices Ordered Posted In Restaurants By WILLIAM 0. VARN WASHINGTON boarding houses, -taverns, hotels and hot dog stands must post pub- icly today their ceiling prices for food and drinks. The Office of Price Stabilization 'OPS) said the price posting order affects more than a half million es- tablishments serving 70 million meals a day and doing more than .2 billion dollars of business a year. Price Stabilizer Ellis Arnall said egan March 25 in an attempt to reak the long deadlock over vol- untary repatriation. A second of staff officers forking on plans for supervising a truce met 14 minutes without mak- ng progress. They are deadlocked ver an Allied demand for a ban n airfield construction and Com- amist nomination of Russia as neutral inspector. hat through the posting of prices heir customers now will be able o see the maximum prices they ihould pay. Will Be Protection The posters also will be a pro- ection for restaurants against pos- ible unfair accusations concerning irices they'charge, he said. The ceilings which restaurants, .averns and the like must post are the highest prices they charged during the week of last Feb. 3-9, The ceilings- will remain fixed until OPS authorizes changes which will be based primarily on significant movements in the wholesale food price index of the Bureau of Labor Statistics. There will be one exception. Es- tablishments which on April when the price freeze Became ef- prosecution for crimes committed during the rebellion. Gov. G-. Mennen Williams pointed out that as far as punishment went, the mutineers were promised only that there would be no re- prisals by members of the State Department of Corrections. And prison authorities said no reprisals were needed to restore law and order in the world's largest walled prison. As a condition of surrender, lead- ers of the five-day mutiny volun- tarily returned to cell block 15 the infamous disciplinary center where they seized a total of 13 guards as hostages to pressure ijeir demands for changes and leld eight of them to the end. In this block all but a few of the privileges which normally go with prison life are taken away anyhow And, from sad experience, pre- cautions were ordered against any incidents such as the one Sunday night which led to the revolt by some 170 of the prison's occu- pants. That was when a rookie guard was seized by Jack (Crazy Ike's Chances Best, Senator Thye Believes WASHINGTON UPI Sen. Thye who is backing Harold E. Stassen for the Republican presidential nomination, said today that Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's chance to win it are better than those of any other candidate. On the other hand, Sen, Young (R-ND) said he thinks Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio "is going to give Eisenhower a very close run" for top place on the GOP ticket "and certainly can't be counted out." Young, a Taft supporter, added: "You hear some talk about Taft slipping, but I can't see that he fective were lower than the charging Feb. 3-9 prices period have until June 1 to determine their new ceilings. Places serving meals and drinks may use posters prepared by OPS or may prepare their own. In any case, the posters must be up today in all places except those with the June 1 deadline. Separate Potters Separate posters must show food terns and non-alcoholic beverages, and if alcoholic and malt beverage terns are offered, all items must listed. If more than 40 items are available, the 40 principal items must be listed. The alcoholic beverage charts must show ceilings and quantity n ounces of up to 20 different drinks. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair to- Jack) Hyatt, a psychopathic long- term robber. From then until 4 p.m. (EST) yesterday, the 'desperadoes were holed-up in their cell block. On Monday, they commandeered enough food in prison-wide rioting to last them for weeks. This rioting cost the life of one of a state trooper's in- juries to 11 other prisoners and four policemen. It also resulted in an estimated two Million dollars damage from fire, vandalism and ly to the prison utilities from which' prisoners normally get most of their pleasure. Millard said all crimes will be punished according to law. He said will seek proof that will stand up in court of such charges as tidnaping, malicious destruction of property, rioting, inciting to riot, assault with intent to murder or do great bodily harm. Thye told a reporter: "I believe Dan Gainey made a completely accurate appraisal of he situation in saying Eisenhower las the best chance to be nominat- ed." Gainey, a leader of the Stassen- for-President movement, made the statement yesterday in announcing the closing of Stassen's Washing- ton headquarters for economy rea- Mishap Occurs Off East Korea During Shelling Explosion Set Off in Forward 8-Inch Turret By OLEN CLEMENTS TOKYO Thirty American seamen were killed in an explo- sion in a gun turret on the Cruis- er St. Paul off Korea Monday. Navy, announcing that today, call- ed it the worst naval disaster of the Korean war. The Navy said a "gun powder fire of undetermined origin" set off the explosion in an eight-inch forward turret. A board is inves- tigating. The St. Paul is commanded by Capt. Eoy A. Gano of Falls Church, Va. She is the flagship of Rear Adm. Earl E. Stone, com- mander of Cruiser Division One. Firing on Reds The St. Paul was firing on Com- munist positions on the Korean east coast. It continued firing af- ter the blast and still is in Ko. rean waters. l Communist shore guns were cot firing at the American warship. The blast rocked the heavy cruiser. AH 30 victims were killed the Navy said, most by asphyxia- tion due to burning gases. The worst previous naval disas- ter of this war was June 21 when the U. S. Destroyer Walke hit a mine off Wonsan. Twenty-six were killed and 40 wounded. The St. Paul was firing on a Red rear stronghold at Kojo, about midway between the battle line and the besieged Red port of Wonsan. She had fired 86.roundi from her eight-inch guns and 47 rounds from her five-inch batteries when the explosion occurred at p.m. Monday. Built in 1943 The Navy said the St. Paul bad opened up her guns on Kojo after bombarding Red front lines for 24 hours with the Destroyer ley. sons. Sees Victory Gainey said he was not counting Stassen out of the race for the nomination, but indicated he be- lieves Eisenhower will win. Thye is chairman of the nesota delegation to the Republi- can national nominating conven- tion in July. The delegation is pledged to Stassen as the winner of Minnesota-'s GOP presidential primary. In state presidential primaries held so far, Stassen has trailed Eisenhower and Taft in all but the Minnesota contest. The national AP table shows: Taft 231 Eisenhower ...............214 Stassen................... 22 Warren 6 MacArthur 2 Uncommitted ,........-'___114 Total 589 (603 needed for nomination) Taft said that as of now he has about 267 delegates. night and Saturday. Warmer Sat- urday. Low tonight 44, high Sat- urday 77. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 ours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 68; minimum, 37; oon, 66; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additionil weather on pagt 9. Mr. And Mrs. Eugene Tromblty comfort their son Richard, 6, struck by a car when he darted into the street in front of home in Dttluth after a ball. A half hour later the ambulance taking the boy to a hospital Thursday night collided with an auto and was wrecked. Richard completed the trip in a police squad car. He was reported in poor condition today at St. Mary's Hos- pital in Duluto. (AP Wirephoto to The The cruiser has a battery of nint guns in three turrets and a sec- ondary battery of 12 five-inch dual purpose guns in pairs. Two of eight-inch turrets are forward and one aft. The St. Paul's keel was laid by the Bethlehem Steel Co. at Quincy, Mass., in 1943. She entered World War II in September, 1944. Rochester Man Among Cruiser Blast Victims TOKYO UR-The U. S. Navy to- day reported these men killed in the explosion of a gun turret on the cruiser St. Paul off East Ko- rea Monday: Charlie Lyndell Albritton, sea- man, Wichita Falls, Texas. Alonzo Blanton, seaman, Crocker, Mo. Bobby Joy Cole, seaman, Tioga, Texas. John Andrew Collett, seaman, Rockwood, Tenn. George Costa, gunners mate first class, Torrance, Calif. Donald Charlie Ghezzi, seaman, Cayucos, Calif. Bennie Wilson Hamilton, sea- man, Santa Kita, N. >M. Elven Newman Haney, boats- wain's mate third class, Sacra- mento, Calif. James Robert Hudgens, seaman, Tucson, Ariz. .Fred Curtis Hughes, seaman, Denisoo, Texas. Ronald Jackson Hut, seaman, McDonough, Ga. Curtis Lee Johnson, seaman, Claremore, Okla. Paul Howard June, seaman, Cin- cinnati. Ray Dale Kerr, seaman, man, Mont. James Hubert King, seaman, Glenwood, Ala. Milton John Kosar, seaman, Villa Park, jfll. Robert Hawkins Mann Jr., sea- man, Phenix City, Ala. Lamar Howard McDaniel, gun- ner's mate second class, Conrad. S. C. James Douglas Overstreet, sea- man, Montgomery, Ala. C. Eugene Price, seaman, Talla- hassee, Fla. Ralph Woldo Reed, gunner'! mate chief, Winigao, Mo. Richard William Schunkc, sea- man, the Dalles. Ore. Albert Eugene Smith, seaman, Inglewood, Calif. Donald Edward Tapia, seaman, Glendale, Calif, Lester Paul Thurman, mate third class. Mascot, Tenn. Arthur Hinton Wall, seaman, Cottonwood, Calif. Virgile Leon Wood, seaman, Cuthbert, Ga. Pat Augusta Wbrsham. gunner's mate third class, Camilla, Ga. Billie ,Dean Wright, seaman, Cramerton, N. C. Gerald George Zimmerman, gainer's mate third class, Bocbw- Ur, Kim. ;