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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 25, 1949, Winona, Minnesota LOCAL SHOWERS, WARMER FM RADIO AT ITS BEST VOLUME 49, NO. 58 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, APRIL 25, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY-TWO PAGES Tax Plan to Permit Adjournment Reds By-Passing Shanghai The Alsops U. S. Rule In Japan Unhealthy By Stewart Alsop Tokyo This sleazy Oriental shantytown gives the traveler the! odd sensation of being dragged j back through five years in time} and thousands of miles in space, j For Tokyo is still remarkably like I Big Health Bill Ready For Congress No Action Likely Before Next Year, Cost Estimated By Marvin L. ArroH'smith Washington Congress gets Texas Child Drowns in Well Mertens, Texas An aban- doned water well on a vacant lot claimed the life of a six-year-old child yesterday. The body of Thomas Britton, son of Mr. and Mrs, Otto Britton of Mertens, was pulled from the well about two hours after he had tum- bled into it while picking flowers with playmates. _ _ The well, on a lot 50 yards from tnriav tn nut Britton home, had a curbing a hip- wnrtimp citv verv tar be- legislation today 10 out uie, hind batue say, Truman national health It was after the fighting had moved up I Program covering about pronounced dead beyond Naples, or Naples after the fall of Rome, or Paris well after the Battle of the Bulge. The United Closing Trap On Chiang Troops Nanking Taken Over Without Serious Damage States Army, in its rear capacity, is everywhere. ed, omnipresent, officious signs come back to Lim sors estimated at around A payroll tax would finance most of it. The omnibus bill ready for intro- duction in the Senate and House also would carry out the rest of Army Tinman'? far-reaching echelon "For General Officers "For Military Personnel Only." Here are the familiar mimeograph- ed forms, which everyone fills out in triplicate, and no one ever looks at again. Here are the well-pressed G.I.'s, and the pink-faced military police in their white helmets, try- ing to look Prussian but never quite succeeding. HERE, TOO, ABE ths generals, busy and authoritative, and the colonels, just a shade less busy and authoritative, and the bustling! majors, bulging comfortably and aft. Here are the salutes andj the jeeps and the staff cars andj all the outward trappings of a big; city in the embrace of the military. And here Is the familiar backdrop, the scarred city itself, with the grey, shifting, shabby mass of its people, scurrying endlessly about (Continued on Page 17, Column 6.) ALSOPS President Truman's _.._ program designed to provide med ical and hospital care on an un- precedented scale. Other phases of the administra- tion plan call for federal grants for medical education, for hospitaj construction, for public health ser- vices, for general medical and child life research, and for an experi- mental program of grants to far- mers' health The contw Mr. Truman sketched in a Lewis, U.M.W. Confer oh New Coal Contract L. Lewis By Fred Hampson Shanghai Ked armies aim- ed a lightning blow toward the sea at Hangchow today hoping to trap Nationalist troops below Shanghai. Other communist forces, which took Nanking yesterday without ef- fort, were reported just 19 miles from Shanghai.2 Residents of. this, the world's fourth largest city, wait- ed in a steady rain for the reds. But none had showed up at dusk. Shanghai seemingly was being by- passed. But none could say for sure.} Even military spokesman admitted j they did not know just where red armies were. The feeling grew among Shang- hai's inhabitants that the Billy Fischer 23-year-old Decorah, Iowa, precision flier, plunged to his death ten seconds after the picture at left was taken. Fischer's small plane lost a wing while performing before a crowd of at an air show in Jackson, Miss., Sunday. At right, Fischer is shown as he appeared in one of the pic- tures of the air show. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) great would opefaTef M MSSU Which -w soft coal contract demands Asiatic commercial .center go over to the communists a fight, just as Nanking did [that may set a 1949 bargaining pat- :j Workers' 200-man policy committee a. m. C.S.T.) to decide on 'i i changes the union wants in the J bituminous agreement due to ex- next year. Under the bill, Mr. Tru- man's insurance plan would not go 10 Persons Die In Tennessee Crossing Crash has drifted into relative economic doldrums after-, the. wartime and- postwar booms. Recognizing this, Lewis is expect- ed to put more accent on requests for shorter working hours and high- er miner security benefits than any boost in wages. national would not be aiscioseo. uuui _ measure had been presented to President outlined three major aims: A shorter work week, a bet- The insurance program, designed ter sharing _ of available work __ ..i _j- omrmo- TmnpTc: nnn snmp irtl- The 157 page administration measure was handed to a reporter :n advance on condition that the cost of the various parts of the program, with the exception of the pla! Only, last week in Pittsburgh disclosed until the Thomas Kennedy UM.W. vice- Seymour Topping, Associated Press correspondent in Nanking, re- ported the former Nationalist capi- tal received the communists quietly at a. m. Sunday, Nanking time. One of the communist soldiers' first tasks was to put out a fire that vandals had started in the judicial Yuan building. The building was a total loss. Planes Bomb Airport "The communists took their sta- tions before some foreign embassies and all government buildings and utilities in Nanking. No guards were placed before the American embassy, however. During the afternoon three gov- ernment planes tried to destroy gas- oline and ammunition dumps at the Nanking airport. Communist spokes- to cover about 85 per cent of the nation's population, calls for a three per cent payroll tax, split between worker and employer, on income up to a year. For example, on income of that amount the worker would be taxed Carthage, Tcnn. A fast 114 per cent, or a year. The among the miners, and some "im urea provement" in the present 20-cents- i. a-ton royalty on coal production for F v w Stunt Flier Hired For Winona Airport Dedication Killed Billy Fischer 23-year-old Decorah, Iowa, stunt flier who spent last Tuesday in Winona and whose Flying Tigers air show had been engaged s D to {md out advance wheth- forthe Winona municipal airport dedication June 19, was kUled Sunday er a proposed foreign arms pro- Fischer had just startedW will weaken American mill- Solon Asks if Arming Europe Weakens U. S. FlvinE a 463-pound vest pocKet piane, ristiici uau his stunt run, said The Associated Press. The craft burned 400 feet fromjtary strength at home. ____________innnn air chnu; snpRtators. The left! ic tho t.nn i By Jack Bell Washington Congress was urged today by Senator Gurney Andresen Accuses Brannan of Aiding Present 'Hog Panic' Washington Secretary of Agri- jManiuuB culture Charles Brannan Saturday men said they overshot their markiwas accused of encouraging the de- and their machine gun bullets m hog prices to prod con- jured some Nanking children at approving compen. air show spectators. wing snapped off at the the union's welfare fund. There have been indications the fund is being spent on pensions, sickness, death- and other benefits faster than it i a. welcome to the communists by JNanking residents was planned for satory-payment price support pro- gram n. 2 per cen, r rammed a truck employer would pay a like amount is taking in revenues was even crowded with Sunday worshippers the worker earned only at a crossing near here last night, j a year, he would be taxed So killing ten persons nine in one j would the employer. The self-em- family and seriously injuring an-ployed would pay the entire three And this was even before the re- other. Iper cent levy. 60 the age at which miners can retire at monthly pensions. Miners now get a basic daily wage fo'r an eight-hour day. Out of the eight hours, however, I woma put in, oia 01 are in productive work Diesel" could come receipts, one half of one per the miner is paid as i h lt of the nation's payroll each year he had worked for one hour travel Somf of the dead were scattered through ISM. For the next three underground and a half-hour lunch ______ A rttif iimn in C11T1. TlPTlufl. ,ner, J.HCA j The truck burst into flames and! Besides the worker-employer con was dragged some 100 yards downltributions. the federal government the track before the speeding put in, out of general tax _ i, _____ nessee Central to a halt. OUJUt: Ul Lllc w cit; along the tracks, while the the government would sup were Pinned in the cab of the truck. ply an amount equal to one per All 11 were returning from churchjcent of the Payroll, services to their homes at Hogan's! Sponsors of the bill estimate that Creek when the accident occurred ai of'that wouW totrf CJ. 1UIA. There has been speculation Lewis may ask for a seven-hour, or even a six-hour day, at the same at the Gordonsville-Lancaster road crossing about eight miles south of here. Instantly killed were: a year. It would be used to provide medical, dental and hos- pital care and other services, in- cluding eye glasses, hearing aids At the time Nanking fell, the com- munist radio at Peiping announced the capture of Taiyuan, Shansi province capital and industrial cen- ter 600 miles northwest of Nanking. Taiyuan had been under siege for (Continued on Page 7, Column 3.) CHINA Garris Slaying Baffles Police police, in- in market prices for hogs the past j the the last week on Brannan's statement that The left; fusetege during a snap roll at an altitude of about 100 feet. The public address system ha'd just reported his speed to be 220 miles an hour. Fischer managed to right his craft a split second before it plunged into the concrete runway. Rex English, director of the show, said the plane "threw" a propeller blade, setting up a motor vibra- tion which shook the motor loose and snapped off the wing. In Winona Last Week The young lowan talked briefly at a meeting of the Exchange club here last Tuesday and then com- pleted negotiations with the com- mittee arranging for the Winona is the top ranking Re- publican on the Senate armed ser- vices committee. He told a report- er he is "by no means" opposed to furnishing military supplies to nations which joined the United States in signing the North. Atlan- tic security treaty. am' airport dedication for the appear- Bepresentative August Andresen Qf nis snow nere june 19. Minn.l blamed the sharp chnw. renuted to be one of (R., Minn.) blamed the sharp the government probably would be buying pork within 60 days. Market Rush Cited Brannan went to the White House a week ago and after conferring with President Truman told news- men it looked like it might be nec- essary for the government to act soon to support hog prices. Later it was indicated that Con- gress would be asked to provide .funds and authorization for mak- week had a picture story in a na- tional magazine. LeRoy Backus, general chairman of the airport dedication commit- tee, said today he believed other members of the show troupe will keep the Flying Tigers show to- gether and that it will appear in Winona as scheduled. A local mittee plans to contact other h d bers of the troupe within a twQ hol a, u-a-j v----- i _ daily step designed to com-! reported they are ]ust as baffled bat unemployment now that as they were Thursday when production has lessened. Lewis al-jhis body was found, so wants some plan for balancing] Two men have been arrested in production between mines. case. Neither however, has e lunus ana xui. jitcm. vestigating the slaying of Metro-jjng direct payments to producers, politan Opera Tenor John Garris, Andresen declared that since then there has been a rush of hogs to market and a continued decline in price, driver- r-inrHnp- PVP classes hearing aids production his wife special appliances, for miners now work only a day or two j been connected definitely with the his nt.hprs fnur or five. 'slaving. MaSeljeU Bennett. 45'and' salary earners. I a week, others four or five, sons. Douglas, 12, U. L., ten, Melvin Earl, eight. Mrs. Paulie Bennett Dickens, 24, daughter of the Bennett's; her hus- band, Paulie Dickens, 27, and their one-year-old daughter, Catherine. W. E. (Coonie) Bennett, 49, Jess! Bennett's brother. Miss Linnie Gibbs, 17, died short- ly after arriving at a hospital at 'nearby Lebanon. Euth Robinson, the sole survivor, j was hospitalized at Lebanon. Doc- tors said she suffered a broken pel- vic bone. Un-American Probe Has Secret Witness House un- American activities committee bundled a key witness in secrecy today in its search for communist agents. It concentrated on the Am- erican Slav Congress and C.I.O.- United Electrical Workers union. The committee took this turn af- ter releasing, over the week-end, copies of documents and sworn tes- timony that the Polish embassy here was used for communist spy- ing. A committee official said it was necessary to withheld any advance identification of one of three "friendly" witnesses tn order to protect him. This witness was said to have turned on the Communist party after having once been a card-carrying member. These are the first hearings the committee has staged since the Slst Congress opened for business un- der Democratic control in January. They were expected to be opened to the public 'later to- day, maybe tomorrow. "It all has the appearance of an endeavor to create a panicky sit- uation in which producers will be- gin dumping their hogs on the mar- Rep. Andresen said. "This may be what Secretary ana lvtrs. w, r, Brannan and President Truman j of jjecorah .The elder Fischer op- wnes m jjiauco, want to happen in order to a hardware store. missies and submarines, this move tion that blocked their threatened their new food subsidy plan Youngr Fischer, who had several j. b strongly in Con- strike over wages last summer, operation." jfriends-in Winona, attended j The U. S. court of appeals wiped He added that Brannan's at Decorah, and left Senafor Bynj (D-Va alreadyjout the ten-months-old case, say- ment appeared to be indirect con-1 to enter the Alr Force in World! demanded to know whether ing the whole issue "has become tradiction to the department of ag- War Of tllC Lawmakers From Winona and Olmsted counties discuss a nurses bill today during the closing hours of the "overtime" legislature at St. Paul. Left to right, above, are Senator Leonard Dernek of Wmona; Representative A. R. Lejk of Winona; Representative J. H. Keller of Rollingstone, seated, and Repre- sentative Leo D. Madden of Eyota. (AP. Wirepnoto to The Another Cent Levy Planned On Cigarettes Rest of Deficit To Come From Income Tax Fund St. senate today passed and sent to the governor a bill to increase the state cigarette tax from three cents to four cents a package. The vote was 40 to 18. The "no" votes were cast by men who protested against failure of house to act upon and give the senate an opportunity to vote on other tax bills, especially an iron ore tax increase. Tax bills must originate in the house. The action moved the legislature, now in its fifth overtime day, one step nearer adjournment. The cig- arette tax was part of a last min- ute plan to balance the budget. The biggest hurdle was overcome at a.m. when after three hours of bitter debate the house of rep- resentatives approved, 74-53, diver- sion of for the biennium from the income tax school fund to the general revenue fund. The senate already has agreed to diversion. Governor Youngdahl had threat- ened to call a special session un- less the budgeW-largest in the history of the balanced. To break the deadlock which de- layed adjournment beyond last Wednesday midnight, deadline for passing bills, senate and house leaders agreed with Governor Youngdahl on a three-point tax plan to avoid a short- age in the general revenue fund. Clocks had been covered to make legislative action "legal." The first one-cent ex- tra tax on each, package of cigaret- passed by the house. The senate tax committee has approv- ed it and senators, meeting infor- mally, agreed to support it. Second point in the compromise plan was the reduction of security treaty. SM in appropriations approved by "But we should analyze the arms senatei an increase of days. In appearing at Jackson yester- day, Fischer, who had been flying since he was 16 and a World War U Air Force captain, was a mem- ber of Tex English's Trans-Ameri- can Air shows. He was billed as "The national light plane precision acrobatic champion." Show Kesumed After Crash show was resumed about 45 minutes after the crash. Fischer is survived by his par- ents Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Fischer requests carefully to see what the effect will be, on our own military production, of diverting materials to other he said, adding: "After all, our best defensive strength is our own strength." The Senate foreign relations com- mittee will begin hearings Wednes- day on the security agreement with Secretary of State Acheson as the first witness. At that time, Acheson is likely to be questioned extensively about the State department's proposal that in military equip- ment be made available to this country's II partners in the anti- communist alliance. When it finally is submitted for- Congress, the military pro- expected to be examined services committees I of the two houses, as well as their foreign affairs groups Unlike the treaty, which must have two-thirds approval of sen- ators voting to become effective, the arms program would require approval of a majority of the two houses. In his preliminary talk with the Senate foreign relations committee last week, Acheson gave no details of the kind of military supplies that would be given to other nations. But it seems likely that if any plans call for transfer of the rnost modern types of planes, guided KX) in house appropriations. Con- ferees have agreed where the cuts will be made although formal ap- proval of the reports is pending. _ The diversion was first tried in" lie house but the amount involved was for the two-year period. This was turned down by lie house, 101-15. But early today fte figure was approved after defenders of income tax re- ceipts agreed to "go along" to help balance the budget. If diversion had not been approv- ed, it would have meant that the state auditor must levy an addi- tional tax against real and personal property to make up the shortage. The extra, penny cigarette tax will yield about for the biennium. This, coupled with the appropriations reductions and use of income tax money, will balance the budget. The state mill levy against prop- erty is expected to be raised about two and one half mills to help pay the cost of new buildings at state institutions. This levy, how- ever, will be spread over a 15-year period. Court Ruling Refused On Rail Injunction Three railroad unions failed today to get a court ruling on the legality of the injunc- riculture's official estimate of the pork price situation. Quotes U.S. Report Quoting from a recent "situation" report by the bureau of agricul- tural economics, Andresen pointed out that department statisticians as late as last month had estimated that "any price change with re- spect to meats during the remain- der of this year is likely to be moderate unless there is a drastic change in the demand." "With all the feed there is on hand, Secretary Brannan should be encouraging farmers to keep their livestock and market them in an friends about his scheduled appear even murai, ance at Jackson, Miss., over the _to Jt up with an arms pro- weekend. He recently appeared m the Miami, Fla., Air Maneuvers 6 Ove'r the Byrd wrote and was scheduled to take his Secretary state Acheson posing -Watinnal Air TfcaCfiS at CleVC-i to the National Air Races at nas aemituuciA uv