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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 22, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Partly Cloudy, Cooler Tonight And Thursday River Stage 24-Hour (Flood 13) Today 7.46 .16 Year Ago 17.77 .03 VOLUME 53, NO. 55 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, APRIL 22, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PAGES State Legislature Quits on Time U. N. May Ask Reds To Free More POWs Schedules Meeting With Red Liaison Officers Thursday By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN and MILO FARNETI PANMUNJOM, Korea TJie U. N. command tonight called for 1 a meeting with Communist liaison officers Thursday, touching off 1 speculation that the Allies might again ask the Reds to return more disabled captives. The U. N. prisoners already freed have told of many sick and in- jured Americans and other pris- oners still in Communist prison stockades. The official announcement said only that the meeting was called "to discuss matters in connection A Of Unidentified U.N. Prisoners Of War walked toward the medical tents at Panmunjorri, Korea, following exchange. At left background a medic helps a POW from an ambulance as Red and U.N. officials check his name. (AP Wirephoto) Americans Stabbed, Left to Die By WILLIAM C. BARNARD and SAM SUMMERL1N with the current repatriation opera- tions." State to Have Millions For Buildings Major Grants Go To Cambridge Hospital, Duluth U ST. PAUL (fl The State of Minnesota will have a million dollar building program for the next two years. This was one of the last decisions of the Legislature before its Tues- day midnight adjournment. The compromise figure was ap- proved by both houses after it had been worked out by a conference committee. Originally Senate bills had called for building projects costing more than 17 million dol- lars while the House figure was about eight millions. Major grants included for a new 400-bed building at the The session is set for 10 a. m. Cambridge State Hospital, and (7 p. m. Wednesday CST) an hour j for remodeling and im- after the Reds start turning over j pr0ving the State Capitol power 14 more Americans and 86 other piant. A library at Duluth Branch, U. N, and South Korean prisoners. t0 cost and acquisition of The exchange began Monday. iand costing for future ex- American and U. N. captives in Japan on their way home added bitter new accounts to the stories of death in Communist stockades Spring Weather Covers Nation By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Mild spring weather, missing in many areas for a month, was the outlook for most of the country today. Warm, southerly winds spread eastward and ended the chilly snap over the Eastern half of the coun- try. However, readings in the Southeast were slightly below sea- sonal levels early today, but much higher than Tuesday's near freez- ing marks. Coolest regions were the New England states and the Northern Great Lakes area west- ward through North Dakota and Montana. List of Bills Passed By State Legislature ST. PAUL Associated Press today compiled the follow- ing summary of bills passed by the 58th Minnesota Legislature: Appropriations from all funds. includes University of Minnesota, teachers colleges and state aid to grade and high schools. mental hospitals, hospitals for mentally retarded and crippled children and penal institutions. includes old age assistance, aid to dependent children, aid to blind. State Departments various units of state government. Semistate activities supported in part by state funds, including the historical society and county fairs. Building (financed by property mill levy of .64 mills pension of Mankato State Teachers College were also approved. The university drew for an addition to the main campus and on brutal marches. Associated j jaw library, and another Press Correspondent Robert Eun- for hospital equipment, son said the figures add up to Specific projects dead. Emaciated Wrecki The Reds, meanwhile, made propaganda capital of the sick and wounded exchange, describing pris- oners returning from Allied camps as "mutilated emaciated wrecks." The request for Thursday's spe- cial liaison session was unexpected. Full-scale negotiations on overall prisoner exchange, the last major barrier to a Korean armistice, are to resume Saturday. Observers pointed out that when Here are the specific projects finally authorized in the compro- mise report: Moose Lake State Hospital, re- frigeration and storage facilities, Cambridge State School and Hospital, construction and equip- ment of kitchen additions, Owatonna State School, altera- tions to power plant, Faribault State School for Deaf, addition to, remodeling and equip- ment of boys' dormitory, TOKYO Oklahoma said tonight j the Communists said they _ would I "stillwater Prison, construction of soldiers bayonets, clubbed with rifle return 605 U. N. prisoners inelud- silo and storage facilities soicueii wtie puin.iicu _ jng about 120 Americans, the L1. N. j For staff residences at Moose ----------j wi w butts and left to die" by their Communist captors on a bitter li-aay march through North Korea in subzero cold. "I saw men that looked like they couldn't go any farther shoved TODAY the road and left them to die." Associated Press Correspondent Robert Eunson reported from Mun- san that a preliminary chick of atrocity stories indicates more than prisoners perished on brutal death marches and in Red prison camps. Another young American re- Federal Sales Tax Discussed By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Secretary of the Treasury George M. Humphrey meant precisely what he said when he called last Monday for "a rad- ical revision of our tax system." To understand what Humphrey has in mind, it is first necessary to understand the billion dilemma which faces Humphrey and his "We called them the No. 1 boys, able Treasury team. This dilemma he added wryly at a news confer- enee at Tokyo Army hospital. He said about "25 to 30 men" in his company of 220 men got special over embankments and left to die, said Sgt. Odie Lawley of Medicine Park, Okla. "Lots of men just dropped while they were walking. command called the figure "in- credibly small." Since then there have been increasing indications that the Reds are not honoring their agreement to exchange all sick and wounded. UlUUtJCU Willie t-iicv y> t-i. The Communists shoved them off] The U. N. command was be- leased from Communist activity- Monday at Panmunjom said Chi- nese Red guards hauled away to a labor camp, beat up and once bayoneted American prisoners who defied Red rule. But, said Cpl. Donald K. LeGay of Leominister, Mass., prisoners who went along with the Commu- nist line "got a little better treat- ment." involves an absolutely basic deci- sion of national policy. In its simplest terms, this is the problem. A whole series ol post- Korea emergency taxes expire within toe next 12 months. The pressure in Congress for tax reduc- tion is so strong that about the best the administration seems like- ly to do is to prevent these taxes from being cut back before their expiration date. The first Eisen- h o w e r administration budget, which is now being prepared, starts on June 30, 1954. The pro- spective tax cut-backs will reduce government revenue for that year by a whopping SS billion. Add the deficit under which the government is now operating. This means that the current rate of spending must somehow be re- duced by a fantastic billion if the budget is to be balanced. Pro- vided no new sources of revenue are found to make up for tile tax cut-backs, the Eisenhower budget can therefore only be balanced by cutting into defense and other -e- curity spending in such a way as to make former Secretary of De- fense Louis Johnson look like a piker. These unpleasant facts .suggest why Secretary Humphrey and those around him believe that the time has come when the whole American tax structure is going to have to be rebuilt from the ground up. This rebuilding process, more- over, if Humphrey and the other Treasury men have their way, is likely to involve a basic shift in tax policy, with all sorts of ex- plosive political implications. The American tax system, so the Treasury argument runs, has grown from crisis to crisis until it is now a sort of monstrous crazy- quilt. During the last twenty years, moreover, taxes have repeatedly (Continued on Page 7, Column 3) ALSOPS treatment. Thin Soldier A pale, thin soldier from Rome, Ga., Pfc. William R. Brock Jr., 21, said he never saw Chinese guards mistreat a United Nations prisoner in. the 18 months he was a captive. Brock said the Reds "tried to preach Communism" and camp conditions weren't good, but he saw no mistreatment. Odie, who is suffering from mal- nutrition and other ailments, told newsmen, "So many men died of sickness at the camps I was in that I don't have any idea how many died. There was so many died I lost all track of it. "We had five or six men tried to escape but they caught 'em. They never got very far. They brought 'em back and kept 'em in what we called Turnip away from the rest of us. They had to do extra work. They wouldn't allow us to see Lawley, formerly of the U. S. 7th Division, was captured six miles south of Chosin Reservoir Nov. 30, 1950. He is tonight looked far very weary. Little Rest LeGay, 23, a prisoner for 29 months at Pyoktong camp, said, "One time we had a little riot." He did not recall what started it, but said the prisoners occasionally refuse to work, fall out for roll 'decided to wouldn't eat or call." That night, he said, "they doubled the guards on us." The prisoners attended a motion pic- ture. As it ended, the captives started to file out. "The first three or four were bayoneted" by Chinese guards, Le- (Continued on 16, Column 4) AMERICANS lieved to have about 200 additional Chinese sick and wounded at Pu- san. t St. Peter, Cambridge, Anoka Fergus Falls, and Faribault, 600. Mankato State Teachers College, acquisition of land for future addi- tion to dormitory and other pur- poses, St. Cloud Teachers College, coal handling facilities, Winona Teachers College, remod- The return of 14 Americans will j eling Somsen Hall, bring to 79 the number of U. S. j Moorhead Teachers College, ac- soldiers freed in the exchange. quisition of land, Sixty-five were returned Sunday j University of Minnesota, main and Monday. All now are in Tokyo campus, construction and equip- "lover 10 WELFARE Makes mental patients, or fi- nancially able relatives, pay full hospitals. Wednesday's exchange involved 100 Republic of Korea soldiers for SCO Communists, including 150 Chi- nese. It brought to 700 the Chinese returned to Red that the U. N. Command said would be in- cluded in the return of Reds for 605 Allied sick and wounded. Wednesday's groups of Chinese went up the dusty road toward the "Bamboo Curtain" figuratively beating propaganda cymbals of happiness. A U. N. interpreter said they had been coached carefully to sing and shout slogans to prove their happiness at returning to Communism. To show their feelings toward the ment of chemical storehouse, 000; equipment for University Hospitals, construction and equipment of additions to law school for library, St. Paul campus, construction and equipment of heating plant. construction and equip- ment of greenhouse, University, Duluth Branch, con- struction and equipment library, More Building West Central School Morris, home economics building, greenhouse, Northwest School, Crookston, re- modeling home economics build- ing, It Was A Short Ride for Roger Anderson at the final showing of the Northwest's first rodeo of the season, sponsored near Yakima, Wash by the Yakima County Sheriff's Posse. This rough and ready bronc had little trouble keeping its back clear as Anderson made his try at the bareback event. (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) Senator Warns U.S. Must Yield in Talks per capita cost for care and treat- Senate Passes Final Bill At Midnight Property Tax Rate Increased 3 Mills to 9.94 By ADOLPH JOHNSON JACK MACKAY ST. PAUL UPl For the first time in the memory of the oldest legislator and possibly in the history of the Legislature Minn- esota's lawmakers finished their ment in state hospitals. T h i s work on time Tuesday night, amounts to about monthly on Racing against the clock, the basis of 1951 costs. Creates a screening committee to check on condition of mental patients. Abolishes Post- Abolishes post of mental health commissioner, transferring duties to director of institutions, to be assisted by medical policy com- mittee and full time medical ad- viser. Permits participation in federal program for permanently and to- tally disabled persons 18-65 years old. TAXES Adjusting iron ore taxes by re- ducing labor credits to produce added revenue from mining firms. Extending the period during which income taxpayers may be prosecuted for fraud from three to six and one-half years after the offense. Permitting use of short form to persons with incomes up to UOO instead of the present maximum. Persons with incomes over may take a standard deduction or itemize de- ductions. State income tax relief extended to persons selling residences and buying new ones within a year, con forming to federal law. Senate passed its final bill at the of midnight to meet the constitutional deadline. The House I had adjourned at p. m. The final bill set the state prop- erty tax rate at 9.94 mills for the first year and 9.15 for the second year of the biennium. This is an increase of more than three mills. The boost is needed to help fi- ance appropriations totaling from the general rev- enue fund. This is less than was granted in 1951, when the fund had a 21 million dollar surplus. The fund appropriations exceed estimated revenues by about six million dollars, accounting for two mills of the added property tax levy. Covering Clock Rep. Roy Dunn, Pelican Rapids, majority leader, told House mem- bers that "This is the first time in the history of the Minnesota Legislature we have adjourned without covering the clocks. "At the 1951 session, no new taxes and no increase in taxes were voted. We nearly did that again. The additional mill levy Reducing flight property tax on airplanes and equipment owned by airlines. EDUCATION Increasing state basic aid from per pupil to hiking equal- ization aids from maximum to for poorer school districts. Continuing program of scholar- probably will receive the approval of the public because of the for which it is intended. "It was a good job well a record that we can be proud of and will be proud of for somt time to come." In the Senate, majority leader Archie Miller, Hopkins, glanced at ships for nursing students. the clock, heaved a sigh and said Changing compulsory school at- simply, "I move we adjourn." tendance from 8 to 16 years to j Sen. Ole Sageng, 82-year-old Dal- 7-16 and requiring completion of i ton resident who first served in ninth grade instead of the eighth. Writing into law reasons for the Legislature in 1901, said he could not remember that the larw- which school aid may be withheld, makers ever had adjourned exactly Requiring the commissioner of education to approve all contracts While the Legislature rejected between local school districts and I many of Gov. Anderson's recom- private schools. mendations, one of the last acts Authorizing the commissioner to was to approve a measure he bad classify schools, with authority to requested especially creation- of formulate standards. j ixtenm commission with a Requiring school bus drivers to 000 appropriation to study what he or Chinese I North Central School, Grand Ra- ripped new uniforms given them jpids, new boilers, By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Cooper (R-Ky) said today the Eisenhower administration must be prepared jto risk adverse public opinion and make limited concessions in ex- change for real peace with the Communists in Asia. only a few days ago, tousled their hair, threw away food rations and dropped propaganda leaflets in sight ol their Communist welcome committees. Southern Agricultural School, Cooper, a member of the Senate Waseca, seedhouse, Northeast Experiment Station, repairs and remodeling, i Armed Services Committee and j former delegate to the United Na- Itions, said the Chinese Reds are latter seems to be what we are Mansfield commented. Some of the exchanged prisoners said buddies who were more ill than they had been left behind by the Reds. This led Chairman Short (R-Mo) of the House-Armed Services Com- mittee to demand that the Com- munists be required to open up the prison camps to international inspection. He said that should be a prelude to resumption of truce talks. On the question a permanent Will Coleman, nearest pipe, and Hilbert Cook, middle, were buried alive shortly after this picture was taken today. They were laying pipe "on a Chattanooga, Term., sewer system project .when the right bank of the 25-foot hole caved in. Andy Austin used the ladder near him to escape. It took more than 3 hours to recover the bodies. The victims were from Chicago. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) f f f. Ull UlC UUCSLlUll UJ. a likely to "call on us for a lot of j settlement4 in Korea[ Cooper said things we can't do" in negotiations j his experience with the U. N. and as a State Department adviser indicates to him the Chinese Com- munists will demand control of for a settlement in Korea. But he insisted in an interview that if the new administration adopts a "strait-jacket attitude" and does not yield on some points, there can be little hope for any permanent settlement. "We cannot escape the fact that some place along the line we will have to make some Cooper said. "In my opinion that is where hope lies in the new Eisenhower administration. Need Concessions "The old Truman administration had reached the point where it could make no concession any kind to the Communists without being charged with appeasement. I hope that if the new adminis- tration becomes convinced there is a chance for a real peace it will have the against adverse public do what is necessary to be done." Cooper and Sen. Mansfield (D- a foreign relations commit- tee member, said hopes for the kind of unified Korea settlement President Eisenhower has .called for had been dimmed by reported failure of the Chinese Communists to return all ill American prison- ers. "I think in any dealings with fhe Communists we must hope for the best but expect the worst and the Formosa, held by the Chinese Nationalists, and seek entry to the U. N. as minimum demands. Not Under Reds He said he did not believe the U. S. ever could agree to "put the people of Formosa under Communist domination." But he intimated U. N. membership for the Chinese Reds might have to be considered. Chairman Wiley (R-Wis) of the Senate Foreign Relations Commit- tee told the League of Women Voters last night the U. S. must not "appease" the Communists. At the same time, he said, it must not be "unwilling to make reasonable concessions." He said proposals to set up a trusteeship over Formosa would constitute "a complete sellout of a brave friend, free China." Wiley added that to admit the Chinese Reds to the U. N. "would consti- tute a reward for aggression, in effect." Sen. Flanders (R-Vt) told the Senate yesterday that steps to ne- gotiate a Korean peace ought to be taken swiftly, even without wait- ing for any agreement coming out of truce talks due to.start Friday. Secretary of State Dulles has in- sisted negotiations for a final set- tlement must await an armistice. pass both regular chauffeurs ex- aminations and special tests gov- erning school bus operations. GAME AND FISH has called the state's "hodge- podge" tax structure. Among the governor's proposals which were sidetracked were Permitting fishing with two lines i powers of arrest, party designation for panfish- year-around fishing j for legislators, reapportionment; for crappies and bluegills on per- employment on merit, constitu- tional revision, higher m en t a I health allowances, and establish- ment of a state public safety 'de- partment. Last Night Session In a last night ses- sion, the Legislature agreed on: The education bill. Financed largely from income tax, this raises the basic aid from per pupil unit to and increases equalization aids. Included in the same bill is for the University of Minnesota, up 000 from two years ago, and for teachers colleges. The latter two are paid out of the gen- eral revenue fund. A state building pro- gram to be financed by a .64 mill property levy over a 10-year per- iod. Salary increases of a mission of area supervisors, and (Continued on Page 18, Column 6) LEGISLATURE Hull Develops Pneumonia; in Critical Shape LA CROSSE, Wis. Mer- lin Hull (R-Wis) of Black River Falls, who underwent major sur- gery a week ago, has developed pneumonia and is in a critical con- dition, his physician reported to- day. Although the 82-year-old con- gressman rallied from the opera- tion, physicians at Lutheran Hos- pital now take a grave view of the situation. The lung congestion year for district and supreme court became apparent Saturday but at' the time was regarded as "not too critical." Hull became ill during the Eas- ter recess of Congress and entered the hospital for a checkup. The nature of his ailment was not dis- closed. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy and a little cooler tonight and Thursday. Low tonight 42, high Thursday 60. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 71; minimum, 34; noon, 70; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (NorHi Central High temperature last 24 hours 75 at noon today, low 55 at a.m. Ceiling feet with scat- tered clouds. Visibility more than 15 miles. Wind from west and northwest at 25 to 35 miles per hour. Barometer 29.56 rising. Hu- midity 35 per cent. judges. Establishment of a five-member commission to hold hearings on claims against the state and make recommendations for settlements to the Legislature. Authorizing state liquor control agents to confiscate automobiles carrying illegal b'quor. Setting np a 28-member legis- lative-citizens commission to study highway problems, including rais- ing and distributing highway funds. Expense checks of for House members and for Senators. The five major money bills call for a total outlay from all funds of This is more than was allowed in 1951 and does not include building appropri- ations. Increased Mill A protest against the increased mill rate came from Rep. A. i. Johnson, Benson, a Liberal. "This is the first time I have heard there was going to be such a substantial increase in the mfll rate on real and personal proper- he told the House. "I certainly believe some con- sideration should have been given to raising extra other fourcsi." revenue from ;