Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 22, 1952, Winona, Minnesota
Generally Fair, Colder Tonight And Wednesday River Stage 24-Hour (Flood Staq. 13) Today 17.75 .15 Year Ago 16.20 .40 VOLUME 52, NO. 56 FIVE .CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 22, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES 179 Convicts I n Aft er Riot House Asked to Impeach Truman WASHINGTON A resolu- tion asking impeachment of President Truman for seizing the steel mills was introduced in the House today by Rep. Hale Along with it. Hale intro- duced a resolution which would declare the opinion of the House to be that the President violated the Constitution and that the steel plants should be returned to private operation. The impeachment resolution followed the standard form for such procedure. It wzs referred to the Judiciary Committee, where no action was expected, at least for the time being. It directs the committee to investigate the seizure and re- port to the House, "together with such resolution of im- peachment or other recom- mendation as it deems prop- er." In a brief speech. Hale said the President's action was "an assault on the Constitution of the United States." Other Republicans joined in the attack on the President. Rep. McCormack of Massa- chusetts, the Democratic lead- er, defended the President and Rep. Crawford (R-Mich) sug-. gested that the courts be allow- ed to determine the legality of the seizure. WHAT I LEARNED IN WASHINGTON Earnings Query Just Too Much For Washington (Editor's note: This is the fourth installment of Newbold Morns' story of his experiences in Washington. Mr. Morris was appointed February 1 as special assistant attorney general to in- vestigate corruption. Two months later he was fired by Attorney General J. Howard UcGrath. Two hours after that Mr. McGrath was fired, by President Truman. (Today's chapter tells of what Morris describes as "the Presi- dent's enthusiasm for the investigation and of opposition from other By NEWBOLD MORRIS As Told to Murray Davis NEW Feb. 11, one week after I went to work in Wash- ington President Truman was giving me his complete, unqualified support. Two months later I was fired as special attorney general to clean up corruption, not by the President but by his cabinet member, At- torney General J. Howard McGrath. That doesn't make sense to reasonable people. But from what I learned in Washington, it makes sense down there. On that February evening, in the President's library in Blair House, Mr. Truman was providing funds, for my investigation out of his own emergency fund. He said I could nave to June 30. If I weren't finished, he said I could have month-tp-month amounts on that basis until my job was done. That fact leaves no doubt of President Truman's support. He next approved my plan not to i investigate all federal i I employes but to look into "your I policy-making appointees, who I have discretion at the top level." He agreed that if the performance at the top was good, it probably would be good down to the bot- tom; if shabby it would be shabby all the way. Then I took up the difficult question. I told him we had to have an understanding on whether I had the right and could investigate everyone, in- cluding Gen. Harry Vaughn and Donald Dawson. I pointed out I had picked their names because they had been in the news. I said I wanted to be able to say I had a thor- ough job. I thought the President might gag a little on that. But, he said, you come in and investigate all of Sir Stafford Dies Sir Stafford Cripps ZURICH, Switzerland Stafford Cripps, the Socialist statesman who tried to bring post- war Britain back with less beef, more sweat and higher taxes, died last night. Fear of Soviet Russia, where he represented Britain from 1940 to 1942, stymied immediate success of the austerity program he ruled over after World War' II. Russia's expansionist policies caused the governments of Britain and her Western Allies to turn much of their output to rearmament. Cripps died here in the Living Strength Clinic after 35 years' chronic suffering from colitis con- tracted as a World War I ambu- lance driver and 18 months of acute illness from spondylitis, a progressively crippling spine in- flammation. He would have been 63 next Thursday. Ill health forced him to quit his double cabinet job, chancellor of the exchequer and economics min- ister, in October, 1950. He improv- ed and went home after six months in the clinic here but last Janu- uary was forced to return. He lapsed into a coma over the week- end. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity General- ly fair and somewhat colder to- night and Wednesday. Low tonight 44, high Wednesday 50. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 69: minimum, 52; noon, 58; precipitation, sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 11 us. All through this conference of more than an hour, the President sat leaning forward full of anima- tion, interest and enthusiasm. Be- fore I left I cleaned up one more problem. I had a strong feeling that the Justice Department was out to hamstring me. It wasn't un- til later, when I got over to the Treasury Department that I found out this was a contagious feeling. I got it a lot of times in different surroundings. To meet this, I wanted a Presi- dential directive supporting me. With it I thought I'd get any road blocks out of the way because I could go to the President and say: "Look, this man won't co-operate. Fire him, or tell him to co-operate, depending on the circumstances." That, too, received his enthusi- astic support. In fact, the next day at his press conference, he an- nounced he had a good confer- ence with Mr. Newbold Morris about his plans for carrying out his job. The President told the newsmen that he was directing all depart- ments and agencies of the govern- ment to co-operate fully with Mr. Morris in- the performance of his duties. He said he told them to give him any information and as- sistance he may require, and to give the highest priority to any re- quest made by him. Adequate funds will be provided for the ac- tivities of Mr. Morris and his staff, he said, and they will be given separate office space outside the Department of Justice. The President went on to say he intended to see to it that Mr. (Continued on 11, Column i.} MORRIS Senate Planning New Vote on Steel Seizure V Amendment Passed To Deny Funds For Enforcement WASHINGTON UP) Government and industry men were called into separate Senate committee sessions today as toe Senate itself scheduled a vote on a new move to bar President Truman from making his seizure of the steel mills stick. By a roll call vote 'of 44 to 31, the Senate late yesterday aimed a slap at Truman's seizure order. After rounds of bitter debate, it hooked onto a 960-million-dollar ap- propriation bill an amendment pro- posed by Sen. Ferguson (R-Mich) forbidding use of any of the money to carry out the order. Actually none of. this money is needed to enforce the seizure, but Sen. Bridges (R-NH) the GOP floor leader, said it was a gesture of Senate disapproval. Eleven Democrats joined 33 Re- publicans in the vote. Two Repub- licans, Morse of Oregon and Lan- ger of North Dakota, sided with 29 Democrats in opposing it, Sen. Knowland (R-Calif) an- nounced he would press for a vote this afternoon on a companion 'amendment so tough, he said, it would make it impossible for the President to enforce the seizure order.' Knowland's amendment seeks to forbid the use of any government money, regardless of the source, How Senators Voted WASHINGTON Iff) Here it how Northwest Senators voted yesterday on the Ferguson amendment which denies the use of any funds in a pending appropriation bill for enforce- ment of President Truman's seizure of the steel industry: amendment: Thye against: Humphrey McCarthy (R) and Wiley to operate the steel plants, or to seize or operate any others without specific congressional approval. Sen. Humphrey (D-Minn) and other administration leaders expressed confidence they could block the Knowland amendment. The Senate Banking Committee called the "big four" of the de- fense mobilization and wage-price control programs to a closed-door meeting this morning. Committee leaders said the meeting might spark a new drive to hobble the President's disputed powers to seize any strike-threatened plants. They called in John R. Steelman, Truman's No. 1 "trouble shooter" and acting defense mobilizer; Rog- er L, Putnam, defense stabilizer; Ellis Arnall, price administrator, and Nathan Feinsinger, chairman of the Wage Stabilization Board. At the same time, spokesmen U.S. Tax Take for Each Person in U.S. WASHINGTON gov- ernment collected more taxes last year than ever about for each man, wom- an and child in the nation. The Internal Revenue Bu- reau announced yesterday that 1951 collections totaled an increase of 40 per cent over 1950. It was 28 per cent above the previous record of almost 44 billions col- lected in 1945, the last year of World War II. Individual income and social security taxes last year totaled about 30 billion dollars, com- pared with more than 21 billions in 1950. Corporation income 'and ex- cess profits taxes jumped to last year. f Various other taxes took in about 10 billion more. Offers Pour In to Dying Mother of 2 DULUTH, Minn. dis- tance telephone lines hummed and every mail brought in offers to- day to a 44-year-old Duluth mother who wants to place her two small sons in a good home before she dies of cancer. Mrs. Evelyn Paro, who doctors said has only a few more weeks to A-8omb Jolts Observers Ten Miles From Blast Reported Largest Ever Dropped On U.S. Soil By BILL BECKER ATOM BOMB SITE, Nev. One of the most spectacular atomic bombs ever detonated jolted ob- servers 10 miles distant today and gave troops an experience they will never forget. It probably was the largest bomb ever dropped on continental 'United States soil. The smoke blotted out the troops who were within four miles on ground zero. The bomb burst 42 seconds after release from an Air Force plane flying at feet in a typical high level drop. Despite brilliant sunshine, the flash was visible 75 miles away in Las Vegas. Seven minutes later, the southern Nevada gambling capital rumbled with the concus- sion. The shock twisted this observer's neck one minute after the flash. The fireball lasted somewhere from four, to 10 seconds. The bomb formed a big mush- room before the concussion hit ground zero and raised the familiar dirty dust column. The heat from the blast singed troons The went sons' foster parents this week while she still has some .strength. The two sons are Gerald, 6, and Gordon, 9. Mrs. Paro and her hus- band, a truck driver, were divorc- ed shortly after Gerald was born. She worked days as a bookkeeper and held a waitress job at night to provide for her boys. Gets 50 Letters and then turned snow white. Final- ly, above feet an ice cap formed and separated from the main ball-shaped cloud. Trucks moved in almost imme- diately to pick up the troops be- fore the radioactive dust could hit them. Several secondary fires started, veteran observers said. These were indicated by darker smoke appearing through the dust About a month ago Mrs. Paro base miles wide, learned she had an incurable can-1 Smoke rockets were used to for the steel industry got an inning j By making the choice before she before the Senate Labor Committee ]dies and while still of sound mind, and indicated they would talk back sne can avoid legal difficulties sharply to Truman's attacks on over placing of her boys. their demands for a big boost in steel prices. They want the price rise to pay for the wage increase the government was expected mo- mentarily to force on the industry. Wanger Convicted For Shooting Lang SANTA MONICA, Calif. HI Movie Producer Walter Wanger was convicted today of assault with a deadly weapon for shooting his wife's agent. Signing the children over to fos- ter parents means the boys go into a home for a probationary period. After sue months, the district court bomb itself enough for anyone. was show About 15 minutes after the blast, cer in her stomach. Last Saturday measure the intensity of the blast, she appealed to the Duluth they added little to the spec- aid and News-Tribune for help in tacle. finding a home for her sons. News-1 The paper stories followed. Today Mrs. Paro bad 50 letters from persons wanting Gerald and Gordon, and an uncounted num- ber of telephone calls, most of them from families outside of Du- luth. They came from attorneys, farmers, and businessmen. One man telephoned from Akron, Ohio last night' saying: just heard about this 20 minutes ago and I'm coming right up to Du- luth and present my case person- ally." Some offered winters in Florida for Gerald and Gordon; military academies, eastern college educa- tions and "they can take over my business when I become too old." Slipping Fast 'Mrs. Paro wants to make the decision this week because she feels she is slipping so fast. She feels that if she doesn't make her choice in the next few days, she might not be able to do so next week. A Building Burns in background as inmates roam the prison yard during rioting at Southern Michigan prison in Jackson, Mich. A store, chapel, and the prison laundry were set afire. At least one convict was killed in the rioting. (AP Wirephoto) New Rains Sharpen Fears Along Dikes By LARRY HALL KANSAS CITY rain, some of it sharpened the fears of flood fighters along the raging Missouri River today. Major dikes held at critical spots. And the experts clung to their prediction that Kansas City, Kan., and Kansas City, Mo., would be safe. As the muddy sea broadened in the lowlands, Missouri Gov. For- rest Smith proclaimed a flood emergency and asked President the troops1 air para- taxied across the edge of the salt flats to be ready for a take-off. Their job was to jump behind the atomic smoke curtain but at a safe time after it lifted. The troops got a very severe shock, the AEC told newsmen. They were braced in their 4V4 foot deep foxholes, but there could be no doubt that some of their necks were twisted, too, C-47 Crashes In Alaska, 5 Believed Dead ANCHORAGE, Alaska C-47 transport with five Elmendorf Air Force Base fliers crashed yesterday in the Merrill Pass area northwest of here, the Air Force reported to- day. A spokesman said it was believ- to 31 feet, oii uc MU w More showers were forecast for decision, the children become j information said'6 search j tomorrow and if they, too, should decides whether everything is sat- j ed all aboard were killed, isfactory. If she dies before the I The 39th air depot wing public Truman to allot emergency fed eral funds to his home state. Along the upper Mississippi, an- other record flood boiled seaward. At LaCrosse, Wis., weatherman A. D. Sanial said, "The worst of it is over now." A little rain fell there but not enough to affect the river. At Lansing, in the extreme Northeastern corner of the state, the peak is set for record- but .7 foot lower than predicted earlier, Eyes on Kansas City The focus of the rainfall jitters was at Kansas City, where pro- longed downpours turned the Kaw (Kansas) River into a monster last July. It flooded the rich industrial I Dikes At La Crosse LA CROSSE sandbag dikes remained firm against the Mississippi River today in what were expected to be the last hours of the flood crisis. The river crest rolling down- .M, stream, was expected to reach bottomlands as it raged into the Prairie du Chien early tomorrow Missouri here at about 20.7 or 20.8 feet, accord- that upward. ro'Jed over the Wisconsin ap- proach. Earlier, tractors had shov- E. C. CorkiU, Weather Bureau ed autos onto bridge, river forecaster, said one inch j By that time, however, Sanial rains were possible in a wide area reported the worst was over at around the flood zone. That might La Crosse. Light rain that fell ill- send the river at Kansas City up termittently all day had failed to wards of the state and a sent out when the tenth drawn out process of investigation j radar calibration transport was 60 minutes overdue here spotted the wreckage just before nightfall but would follow. Four Duluth district judges have offered to do all the legal work for Mrs. Paro free of charge. They will decide after the probationary period whether the home chosen for Gerald and Gordon is suitable. darkness prevented an immediate check. Ground crews were sent to the scene and other planes were to fly over the area at daylight This Is The that dropped the unclear "device" detonated over Yncca Flat on the AEC's desen proving ground in Southern Nevada today. The plane is pictured on. Indian Springs Air Force Base, near Las Vegas, Nevada, which newsmen were told is the first time a B-29 'atomic drop plane had been photographed since the Hiroshima and Nagasaki explosions. (AP Wire7 photo to The Republican-Herald) average an inch, the crest might reach 33 or 34 feet by Friday. Upstream at Leavenworth, Kan., a sirfall army of men toiled through the night at beleaguered Sherman Air .Force Field. But the imper- iled dikes countinued to hold. During the night, life-jacketed of- ficers from the'Army's Command and General Staff School at Ft. Leavenworth did patrol duty atop the slippery dike. They worked in pairs. They were told to fire their signal pistols and run for their lives if they spotted a major break. Missouri Crest The field slopes downward about seven feet in the mile from the north to the south edge. If the north dike-staking the full force of the Missouri's tre- mendous way, the field would be a boiling, churning rapids. The Missouri reached its pre- dicted crest of 26.4 feet at St. Joseph, Mo., last night but the new storms kept flood workers on edge. Two big agricultural levees were reported in critical condition near there. As the flood powered on down- stream, Army Engineers estimated acres of land' were inun- dated from Rulo in Southeastern Nebraska to the mouth near St. Charles, Mo., above St Louis. An estimated persons had fled their homes in that stretch..! J. stop the slow decrease in the river from feet Sunday to 15.29 yesterday morning, to 15.26 last night. A crew of more than 40 volun- teers worked to fill additional sandbags, and Army trucks carried two loads to weak spots in the La Crosse dike system. An estimated bags were filled as a pre- caution against wave damage, po- lice reported. Volunteers Seek Funds for Mankato Flood Area Dikes MANKATO, Minn. solicitors will seek tonight to col- lect from North, Mankato house- holders part of the money that went into dikes to keep the Minnes- ota River away from their doors this spring. After an almost complete flood- ing last year, the community, on its own, set out to improve the 2.6- mile long levee system by adding three feet to it. Total cost was The 120 volunteers, ringing door- bells tonight, will ask of each home owner, the sum to be paid in over a period of four months. Officials explained that utilities firms and. several banks have al- ready contributed 11 Guards Held As Hostages in Michigan Prison 1 Convict Killed, 9 Hurt; Estimate Damage BULLETIN JACKSON, Mich. An an- gry tired band of mutinous prisoners staged a bloody bat- tle in their besieged cell block today after a dispute over what to do with 11 Southern Michigan prison guardl they hold hostages. JACKSON, Mich. A leader of mutinous convicts at riot-torn Southern Michigan State prison agreed today to appeal to his fel- low inmates to stop their mutiny. Prison officials and inmate Rus- sell Jarbo, termed one of the ring- leaders in the bloody outbreak, reached an agreement in truce talks held outside a prison block. Jarbo will speak over the prison j radio at 2 p. m, in an effort to calm the prisoners, whose ram- page caused an estimated 000 damage at the big prison. Jarbo, one of the original 179 mutineers, apparently agreed to come out of the besiebed cell block 15, center of the rioting to make his radio appeal. Officials quoted Jarbo as saying such an appeal might lead to a quick settlement of the convicts' grievances against the prison man- agement. Dr. Vernon Fox, deputy warden, announced the result of his at- tempt to achieve a truce in the mutiny and rioting which hai brought death to one convict and injured nine others. Fox, after conferring with War- den Julian Frisbie, went this morn- ing to cell block- 15, where the mutineers are holding 11 guards as hostages. After a short conference, through the prison bars, Fox went to the prison kitchen nearby. There, he got a cart with two big kettles of food and rolled it into the cell block. Then after another brief talk with mutiny leader Earl E. Ward and others, Fox announced that Jarbo would come out of the- block at 2 p. m. to appeal to his mates. Tension Grips Prison Despite the announcement of the appeal, tension still gripped the big prison in the wake of yester- day's wild rioting. Two hundred state police and scores of guards patrolled the prison. Practically all the nearly inmates were kept locked in cell blocks. Four of the troopers had been injured up to today. Fears have been felt for the safe- ty of the 11 hostages, some of whom were seized Sunday night. Their captors have made threats, but apparently have not harmed the guards yet. The prison seemed fairly quiet early this morning. One gunshot shattered the silence. The shot was fired when two inmates fled from cell block 11. At the shot they ran back inside. Some mtoor incidents occurred today as prisoners set fire to wads of paper and tossed them through cell bars. The guards, however, ignored them. Fed in Cell Blocks Meals were served in the cell blocks instead of the mess ball. Rioters tore up the mess hall yes- terday. An officer stationed on the roof of disciplinary cell block No. 15, where the mutinying convicts were holed-up with their hostages, said the men shouted to him this morn- ing that they knew one prisoner had been killed by police gunfire. However, there was no word of any reprisal for the prisoner death. Warden Julian N. Frisbie said prisoners told him over the prison telephone last night "the guards are being treated well." Immediately after the mutiny started Sunday night leaders of the uprising said they were pro- testing "brutality" and demanded that newspaper men be brought in to give publicity to their de- mands. Authorities deny there has been brutality in handling of the pri- son's more than inmates. Four guards were grabbed orig- inally. Then as other prisoners rioted, around 500 spilling into the yards from other buildings, toughs sneaked from cell block No. 15 and got nine more guards at knife- point. Later they released two, one because of his age, another be- cause he was ill. Darwin Millage, 35-year-old con- vict from Detroit, was the man killed. He was shot through the chest as come 200 inmates threat- ened to take over fire trucks brought in to fight fires started by the rioters in at least five build- ings. State escorted the truck! and later deared the yards.