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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 22, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FAIR TONIGHT, SATURDAY FM RADIO AT ITS BEST VOLUME 49, NO. 56 W1NONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 22, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Special Session on Taxes Urged Bonus Checks Due in November Governor to Sign Measure Saturday St Paul, Luther W. Youngdahl said he would sign tomorrow a bill giving Minnesota veterans of World War II a bonus that will cost the state an estimated Initiated in the state house of representatives and enacted by the senate last night, the measure provides a monthly payment for over- seas service with a maximum of and for domestic service with 6 a limit for the period between December 7, 1941, and September 2, 1945. Men in the armed forces five years prior to Pearl Harbor are excluded and close relatives of those who died in service will receive the full under the bill.' Bonus Means to Winona County The new Minnesota bonus means about to Winona County. That's at the rate of for each of the county's estimated! veterans. j The bonus passed by the Minne- sota legislature yesterday provides for the distribution of about 82 million dollars to about Minnesota veterans of World War Ships Leaving Shanghai Filled To Capacity Yangtze Valley Ports Falling To Communists By Fred Hampson Shanghai Passenger ships The dep'ar" af- Shanghai today were book- fairs said it would be ready to re- ed to the limit as communist troops ceive applications probably by the j crossed the Yangtze river less than end of July with first checks from Shanghai. n. At that rate, the "average" vet- eran will get a bonus Of Those with stateside service ONLY will be limited to a those with overs---' service can run the bonus up pected to be mailed some time in November. Claimants must have re- sided in Minnesota for six months prior to Pearl Harbor. Final passage of the bonus bill was the first major accomplishment of the legislature after it went into overtime at midnight Wednesday. The estimated cost of the bonus to the state includes for payments, for administration and interest on bonds which will pay the original cost of the bonus. They will be retired Iff special taxes to be levied under the bill. Clocks to Stay Covered Senate and house clocks are ex- pected to remain covered until dls- ion is made of such matters as like F. A. Lipinski, service officer lor Winona county. Technically the applications will be handled by the state commissioner of veterans af- fairs, but every county, service offi- cer Is of the commissioner. Applications are not now avail- able. The Alsops Military Strength U. S. Must By Joseph Alsop the experience of the 1930's means anything, nothing could be more dangerous than to respond to the challenge of Soviet rearmament by adopting a policy of collective military weakness, as some are now proposing. On the other hand, it is equally obvious that when the world situation must severely strain American resources in any case, nothing could be more' foolish than to do the defense job The bonus bill its passed by both houses yesterday differs in only minor respects from the plan work- ed out by the house military com- mittee. Financing provisions, were written by a subcommittee of the louse appropriations committee. The senate took first action on the house bill yesterday, passing it 63-4, after defeating an attempt to resubmit Jthe tax features to the voters. Later the house agreed to the minor, procedural amendments which the senate had attached. Only dissenting votes were those (Continued on Paee 12, Column 4.) BONUS The American and British con- sulates, however, have not sent anyj further notice to their nationals toj evacuate the city. Long ago they were advised to get out, and manyj of the passengers clambering aboard j ships today were those who chose to stay to the last minute. The Whangpoo river's famed bat- tleship row contained only two ships tonight American Vice Ad- miral Oscar C. Badger's flagship, the command ship Eldorado, tied up at No. 1 buoy, and a British sloop. Across the river on the Poo- Skipper to Eat Standing Up Peter Ca- zalet of the cruiser H.M.S. Lon- don will probably take his meals standing up for the next few days. The skipper said today "I got hit in the seat of the pants" when communist shells and shrapnel tore 23 holes in the British ship's hull yesterday in the battle of the Yang- tze. His wounds, he said, were pain- ful but not serious. A Chinese river pilot standing on the bridge within a few feet of the captain was killed. Clyde Johnson, Public Enemy No. 1, Wounded Milton Johnson, the F.B.I.'s public enemy number one, lay in critical condition at general hospital today with a bullet in his back. Johnson was wounded in a run- gun fight with three F.B.I. ag- on crowded Monument JOHN GARRIS, MET OPERA TENOR, SLAIN tung side.was a small French stroyer. mobiles and the monument. The U. S. had several other naval F.B.I. Agent Harvey Foster said ships in the vicinity including the troopship Chilton, farther down the northde Johnson was charged with robbing Whangpoo with one battalion Dairymen Face Four Problems Madison, prob- lems remain with the dairy indus- try, Philip Nelson, of the produc- tion and marketing authority, told a Midwest marketing conference today. These are: Keeping prices in line with shift- ing economic conditions. Wide differences in production of Marines aboard and. the hospital ship Repose down river at Woosung. Three British' warships damaged in a -Yangtze river clash with com- munist artillery were tied up at various docks. They are the cruiser j London, the destroyer Consort and the sloop Black Swan. Shanghai itself reacted dully to the news of the red crossings of the Yangtze. This once great treaty port has been so mauled by de- pression, inflation, misery and want that it seems to lack spirit. Refugees have been anticipating its capture by the communists for months. Chinese Cities Falling Communist Army By Seymour Topping Nanking- South Yangtze National bank 0 February 8 and with escaping from the Dade county jail at Miami, Fla., March 1. Foster said Johnson "is the man the F.B.I, across the nation wanted in hand in a wasteful way. These twin truisms are relevant at the moment, because develop- out some f for Trouble in maintaining sales of good milk at high levels. Increasing marketing costs in handling fluid milk. A fifth problem may be added i centrai the list, he said. Surpluses are) w beginning to cause trouble in fluid I nk About is per cent k delivered to k t with extra pro. means economical, American de- fense planning. After nearly four years of ill-concealed failure j kets in Pebruary than a year agree on a unified strategic con- Consmnption NeiSon 'added, hasi cept, the joint chiefs of staff have at last got down to business. Per- haps they may fail in their task, which is essentially to slice away the unnecessary excrescences put out by each service in order to compete with the others. But at any rate they are trying. THE BACKGROUND of this event is interesting and important. The story may be considered to begin (Continued on Page 6. Column 5.) ALSOPS Missing La Crosse Woman Found Dead La Crosse, Wis. A 48-hour search for Madge Paisley, 50, ended late yesterday when her body was found near the shore of Lake Neshonoc. Dr. George Reay, La Crosse county coroner, pro- nounced the death a suicide by drowning. Miss Paisley had been reported missing since Tuesday when she was seen boarding a train at Onalaska. Later, other persons told of seeing her at Rock- land, Bangor and West Salem. Bloodhounds were used in the search but lost the scent. Detroit Lakes Woman Has 101st Birthday valley ports, cities and towns fell like clay pigeons today before a mounting red onslaught, So weak was government oppo- sition that wholesale desertions to the communists were feared. Foreign military observers said a general troop withdrawal may have been ordered. Nanking was fast emptying of of- jficialdom. High level Chinese bolted for departing planes. Acting President Li Tsung-jen, Premier'Ho Ying-c'nin and General Pai Chung-hsi, commanders of the flew to Hangchow for meeting with retired Chiang Kai-shek. Chiang to take over the gov- Most important cities below the Captured By Clyde Milton Johnson of Minneapolis is in critical condition in a hos- pital at Indianapolis, Ind., after being wounded by FSI. agents in a running gun battle in crowded downtown Indianapolis. Charged with robbing the First National bank of Memphis, Tenn. Johnson had escaped Mi- ami, Fla., jail. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) SHIPS Detroit Lakes Mrs. plea Julson celebrated her 101st birth- day yesterday at her Grand Park township home. Mrs. Julson, a na- tive of Norway who came to this country in 1880, still enjoys good health. Frank Hayward, eight, lifts his pet black and white wire haired terrier Spotty from the water main at Lakeside, Calif., in which the dog was trapped 29 hours. Spotty was freed test night by the com- bined efforts of three public works crews. The dog became trapped after he chased a rabbit into the pipe. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald.) (Continued on Pag-e 12, Column 5.) i more than any. other man at this time." Johnson's wife, Billie Glaze John son, 25, was arrested at a down- town hotel a few minutes s-fter he ,was captured. Foster said she was I charged with helping in the Miami escape and with being an acces- sory afterthe fact to the bank rob- 'bery. The three F.B.I, men tried to ar- rest Johnson as he walked out ,of I the hotel, on Washington street I the main downtown thoroughfare, iHe drew his gun, opened fire anc (sprinted up Meridian street to the I Circle, hub of the city's business district. Johnson commandeered a passing automobile, but the driver, Waltei Stone of Indianapolis, stopped it and fled. v With bullets whistling past him Johnson ran through a crowd wait- ing at a bus stop and leaped into a parked taxicab. As the cab start- ed to pull away one of the F.B.I I men leaped onto the rear and fired pointblank through the rear win- dow. He saw Johnson slump, but the fugitive remained conscious and or dered the cab driver, George John son, to take him to a doctor. The doctor called police who took John- son to the hospital. Rites Saturday For Chris Sather Franklin, .Minn. Funera' services will be held here Satur day for Chris P. Sather, 75, for- mer Franklin mayor who died yes- terday of pneumonia after suffer- ing a stroke 60 days ago. His wid- ow, eight children and 15 grand- children survive. 'Invisible Five' Blamed by Frank Charges Group Influenced Council Not to Rehire Him As City Engineer An "invisible government" of five or six men "attempts to run the city affairs" of Winona, Carl W. Frank charges today in a farewell statement as city engineer. In the statement, the ousted engineer indicates his belief that this "invisible government" influenced the city council in its decision not to reappoint him. Mr, Frank makes the charge in rapping the statement of First Ward Alderman Loyde Pfeiffer thatj there were "30 or 40" reasons, which he revealed none, for not re-' hiring him. Says Mr. Frank: "I can assure you that if there were 30 or 40 reasons for not re- hiring me, many people besides my- self would be happy to have them made public, not only in fairness to myself but in the interest of the public, which has the right to know how its affairs are being con- ducted. "Perhaps, these 30 or 40 reasons are the membership of the invisible government which attempts to run the city affairs. In that case, how- ever, the number of 'reasons' should not be over five or six." Group Not Identified He does not identtify these per- sons. He lists 13 major functions of government, and declares that in Winona the city council controls only five of these. The remainder, he continues, are in the hands of independent boards Truman Asks Compulsory Medical Plan Tru- man asked Congress again today to vote co'mpulsory medical insur- ance as part of a national health Legislature Seeks Way to End Session Appropriations Exceed Revenue By St. of a special session ,to find ways to raise the money to cover prospec- tive appropriations Increases arose today as the 56th legislature pre- pared to wind up its 90-day ses- sion. Five house liberals prepared a resolution asking the governor to call such a session. Simultaneously, House Majority Leader Roy Dunn of Pelican Rapids expressed "grave concern" over the huge ap- propriations approved by the leg- program. In a special message to the legis- lators, Mr. Truman said the "tra- ditional method" of paying for medical care "cannot meet the health needs of today." He recommended that Congress provide for a system of government payment of medical bills from a fund to be collected by special taxes. Mr. Truman also asked: 1. Government financial aid for the expansion of medical schools. 2, Federal aid for "construction and indicates his belief that they of hospitals and other medical facili-1 reduce the council's jurisdiction. ties in communities where they arej islature. Figures released by Representa- tive Claude Allen of St. Paul, chairman of the house appropria- tions committee, showed that about must come from the general revenue fund to meet the cost of government for the next two years. Representative Dunn said a nine or ten mill increase in the state- levy on real and personal property is "inevitable" because proposed appropriations exceed anticipated revenue by about John Garris Hat, Coat Found Three Blocks From His Body sifted a few meager clues today in their quest for the answer to the mystery slay- ing of John Garris, 35-year-old Metropolitan opera tenor. Garris' body, shot through the heart, was found in a rain-soaked alley Thursday morning a few hours after other members of the Metropolitan company had left At- ment. To overcome this condition, Mr. Prank; calls for a return of "the functions that rightfully belong to the city council to the council. Then there can be a co-ordinated effort in determining policy, and the peo- ple can have direct control by go- ing to the polls and voting for councilman they believe will.stand for the policies the majority wants." That return, says Mr. Frank, is one way of reducing taxes on prop- erty. The other is to Increase "the income from sources other than property taxes." His complete statement follows: To the People of the City of Winona: I WISH TO take the opportunity to thank the many people who attended the city council meeting last Monday, to support my reap- pointment to the office of city lanta following a three-day engage- engineer; also, the many people who have since stopped by or called me by telephone to express their ap The singer's hat and coat were found atop a garbage can three blocks from the warehouse alley where his body, face up and with preciation of the service rendered by the city engineer's office since I have been in charge. On Tuesday afternoon, April 12, the president of the city council the legs crossed at the ankles, me on the to inform found. I me of the decision of the counci] With few leads to follow, the po-jat its informal meeting Monday eve- lice sought to connect a phone call made by Garris to events that led to his bizarre death. The call was made to an unknown recipient at the Y.M.C.A. here shortly before dusk Wednesday. Police consider- ed it their most promising clue. "Murder is usually fouled said Homicide Lieutenent M. M. Coppenger, "but this is worse than the most." But the police, hardened to hood- lum killings, saw a touch of artis- try in the death of the foreign- born opera tenor. His protagonist needed." 3. Increased federal grants to help state and local goveinments In "con- trolling certain diseases" and pro- moting "maternal and child health services, services lor crippled chil- dren and general public health ac- tivities." Mr. Truman sent a message to Capitol Hill. His pro- posals, because of past advocacy, had been anticipated and lines al- ready were forming for a battle over the recommendations. Some administration backers say they see practically no chance that the program will be enacted in this session of Congress. The American Medical association has already begun a. campaign against it. Labor organizations have accused the A.MJL of setting up a fund to fight the program. ning, April 11. Upon inquiry as to why such action was taken, the only tangible answer I was given was that "the people down the street" didn't like what was done. There- upon I asked four direct questions, as follows: 1. Did I follow the policy of the city council? 2. Was the engineering satis- factory? 3. Was our contact with the. public satisfactory? 4. Was there any objection to the relations within the office? x ,_ 4. To the first three questions the aimed at his heart. It was not was yes the fourth gangser's crude or random shot, was addi .IT wjsh we had A steel-jacketed bullet dealt) f complaints from the other death. An autopsy surgeon found as we nave from yom-s" lodged in the spine. It had pierced j The engineering department, like the heart. 'most other departments in your city, f Nor was it a crime for mone-jhas onl one item to and tnat tary gain. Garris' purse with when we, as public in it was near the body. A costly have carried out the pollcyj wrist watch was on his arm The rest of the Metropolitan Op-j era Company, after three mghts in f thfj Memphis, Tenn., when the tragedyj broke. Coppenger and another investi- gator reached Memphis by plane ahead of the company. They ques- tioned the members briefly, then released them for their one-night Memphis appearance in "Lucia Di Lammermoor." The show went on without a signj from the cast of the tragedy left behind. Police officers circulated backstage. They watched, but dis- closed nothing. council and fouled the f th blic our job isi In most cities it is necessary fort (Continued on Page 11, Column 3.) CAKL FRANK I BED MECHANIC Dick Spere, 16 and bedridden for a yesr, adjusts the carburetor on the tiny engine of a minia- ture race auto in his bedroom garage at Los Angeles. Wisconsin Forest Fire Quenched fey Cloudburst Nekoosa, major forest fire was mastered by a horde of The dead singer's real name was! rangers and volunteers last night and then drowned out by a cloudburst. Hans J. K. Gareis. He was an ac- companist, concert pianist and con- ductor before he fled Hitler's Ger- many to Greece and thence came to America in 1941. His last opera portrayals were as Cassio in "Otello" .here Mon- day and Laertes in "Mignon" Tuesday. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and fair tonight and Saturday. Some- what cooler tonight, lowest 42. High Saturday 64. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 74; minimum 47; noon, 67; precipitation, .17; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weatfcer on Page 14. The flames had ravaged an area of upland jack pine and scrub oak eight miles long and two to five miles wide in Juneau and Wood counties. Fred Jacobson, Wood county game warden, said it was the worst forest fire he had seen in his ten' years here. No injuries were re- ported. The fire first was reported at 2 p. m. seven hours later the Ne- koosa ranger station said the blaze" was under control. At the rain came and by 11 the burned area lay soaked, with just a few stumps still smouldering. The fire fighters moved out with their equipment. At the height of the fire in late afternoon as the flames ate then- way upward from a river bottom area, the smoke was visible at Wis- consin Rapids, about 25 miles away. Rangers and an'estimated 200 vol- unteers rushed in from the sur- rounding central Wisconsin terri- tory. Equipment came from ran- ger stations at Nekoosa, Necedah, Black River Falls, Babcock and Friendship, and from the Wood county highway department and the Nekoosa Edwards Paper Company. Two farm houses, along with sev- eral farm buildings, were reported destroyed in Juneau county but sev- eral other farm houses in the path of the flames were saved. Hundreds of sightseers poured in- to the area. Highway patrolmen had to set up roadblocks to keep on- lookers from interfering with the battle against the roaring flames. The blaze finally was halted along a half-mile front one mile above the Juneau-Wood county border. It had jumped the asphalt county trunk G and several dirt sideroads. Witnesses leaving the area shortly before midnight said the ground was littered with empty cups. Ne- koosa restaurants earlier had dis- patched coffee and sandwiches for tie volunteers. Liberals, led by Minority Lead- er Ed Chilgren of Littlefork, in- sist that some of the additional money needed could be raised by a higher tax on iron ore. Still in the p'icture as a possible solution for the financial problem is diversion of income dedicated to elementary and high school help pay university and teachers college costs. This relieve the burden on the general revenue fund. Although the house has rejected this proposal and Governor Young- dahl has thus far opposed it. Sen- ator William Dahlquist, Thief Riv- er Falls, and other senate sup- porters of the idea still believe It may offer the eventual and best solution. There is now a surplus of about in the income tax school fund. It has been proposed to take out for teachers colleges and university purposes. Considerations Shelved Other legislators were urging re- consideration of Governor Young- dahl's bills calling for higher cig- arette and beer taxes. They were shelved by the house tax commit- tee several weeks ago. Liberals complained on the house floor that the tax committee, head- ed by Representative Fred Sch- wanke of Deerwood, had not given any consideration at all to pro- posals for higher occupation and royalty taxes on ore. Representative Leonard Dickin- son of Bemidji, a conservative who sponsored a measure to boost the ore tax from 11 to 15 per cent, also charged that he had been un- ible to get committee considera- tion of those bills. A half dozen leading conserva- tives said privately they believe It would be better to adjourn promptly and go home, before con- ference committee reports on the big appropriations are approved, thus forcing a special session call by the governor. They said law- makers tnen could come back and get a "fresh start" on the joint problem of appropriations and means of financing them. They indicated this would mean (Continued on Page U, Column 6.) LEGISLATURE Thye Asks Funds For Roadless Area Washington Senator Thye (R-Minn.) last night urged appro- priation of at least to buy private lands in the "roadless and wilderness area" of the Superior national forest in Minnesota. Congress last year approved leg- islation designed to keep commer- cialization from the area. It also authorized appropriation of 000 to buy private lands within the forest. In a letter to Senator Russell (D- chairman of an appropria- tions subcommittee, Thye said: "The imperative need of the ap- propriation at this time is the fact that the use of cargo airplanes in bringing in supplies and materials to the wilderness areas has result- ed in plans by many owners of private property to make improve- ments on their holdings. "If these improvements are made the wilderness character of the area will be destroyed. If we wait one year it is entirely pos- sible that it will cost three or four times as much to acquire the prop- erty." The Budget bureau approved the item but the House did not include it in a recently passed agitcultural appropriation bill. ;