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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 21, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Cooler With Occasional Showers Tonight River Stage M-Hotir (Flood Stage 13) Today (noon) 17.90 .03 Year Ago 16.60 .39 VOLUME 52, NO. 55 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, APRIL 21, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES WHAT I LEARNED IN WASHINGTON Plenty Double Talk But Little Action (Editor's note: After two months in office as special as- sistant attorney general, with the job of cleaning up corruption in Washington, Newbold Morris was fired by Attorney General J. Howard McGrath. Three hours later President Truman fired McGrath. In "What I Have Learned in Mr. Morris his own story of experiences he encountered. This is the third installment.) By NEWBOLD MORRIS As Told to Murray Davis NEW morning, Feb. 4, was my first working day in Washington. It also was an eye-opener to what I was getting into. The duplicity of official Washington was there ahead of me. In fact that morning started with a revelation. A lot of people on the government payroll don't do any work. It was brought home to me by a woman standing at the gate in Union Station as I walked off the platform. She asked to be assigned to me. Through questioning, I learned she was a clerk in the Department T ___ of department. I ask- I lUm Oil lO ed ner nature of her work. six months and I've worked only a half she replied. "I work with three other people who don't do any work either." I was learning about Washington TODAY ruman to Work for Harriman By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Democratic party politics, which have resem- bled nothing so much as a barrel of eels for the last week, are again beginning to resume an intelligible pattern. It is a very queer pattern, to be sure, but at least one can guess where it may lead. A dominant figure in this pat- tern, curiously enough, is Presi- dent Harry S. Truman. He I was going to learn much more before the week was out. But it didn't dawn on me then, that this woman's story could be repeated over and over again by other fed- eral employes. I went to the attorney general's office where he introduced me to the chiefs of his divisions. He told them to co-operate with me. him anything he Mr. McGrath instructed his chiefs. "Let him see any records he asks for. Let him examine any person- nel in your office, and have them co-operate with him, too." supposed to lose all his influence, according to the traditional rules, the moment he declared he would !ton words." not run again. As things have In other words, the Department of Justice was supposed to be open to me. That's something else that I learned -more about in Washing- turned out, however, the President will probably have a considerable influence, and he is planning to use it to the full. In brief, the President intends to do everything he can to get the Democratic candidacy of W. Aver- ell Harriman off the ground. He has already gone infinitely furth- er than President Roosevelt did, in the rather comparable time when he was seeking to promote the candidacy of Harry L. Hopkins. Truman will continue in the same vein. And he will be helped by the New York leaders who have now made Harriman their favor- ite son, and by the other north- eastern chieftains who have been left with nowhere else to go by the defection of Gcv. Adlai E. Stev- enson of Illinois. But if the Harriman candidacy fails to develop popular appeal, and if the Republicans seem at all likely to nominate Sen. Robert A. Taft, the President can be expect- ed to take a new look at his prob- lem. In the event that Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower is the Republican choice, the President may well be willing to see Sen. Estes Kefauver carry the Democratic standard, on the assumption that Kefauver will be beaten anyway. But Truman is known to think that the election of Kefauver will be a national trag- edy, and to regard the election of Taft as a national catastrophe. Hence, if Taft is leading the Re- publican race and Harriman has not put himself over, the Presi- dent will really have only two serious choices. Either he will have to reverse his own decision not Or he will have to take the lead in reversing Adlai Stev- enson's decision, seeking to draft the Illinois force. Although greatly angered by Stevenson's re- luctance to become a candidate, the President is far more likely to swallow his irritation with Stev- enson than to eat his own words about a third term. If he decides to try to draft Stevenson, the President ought to command the active co-operation of the New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts and Illinois delegations, which all share his views of the national party situation. This would be just the beginning, and the beginning alone might well be enough to make the draft-Stevenson effort succeed at the Democratic conven- tion. Harriman, meanwhile, is tackl- ing the business effacing a Presi- dential Candidate with his custom- ary earnestness and energy. His greatest problem is, very simply, that he has never learned to pro- ject in public his warm private personality. On only one recent occasion a celebration of the NATO anniversary here in Wash- ington has he overcome this difficulty. The NATO celebrants, who were largely high government dignitaries, filled the (own with talk of the Harriman speech for a good many days. It was hoped that he would repeat this success at the New York dinner in his honor last week. Unfortunately, it seems to be the consensus of the politicians and ob- servers that Harriman's New York speech, while every way admir- able, did not light the fire which was hoped from it. Probably ihe trouble was that he tried too hard, for he is conscious of his peculiar problem, and he works over his major speeches so endlessly and painstakingly that he tends to go stale before delivering them. Governor by main Truman has been Mr. McGrath asked if I'd like to say something. I did. I guess I gave further proof that I'm "not a good politician; I like to deal with the truth. I told the chiefs that I knew that they couldn't have a merit system in Washington because of the terrific pressure on them from Capital Hill. But, I asked: "How can you men work and have any pride in your of- fice with a lot of incompetents that are foisted on you by pol- iticians? That's one of the things we are going to change pressure and being sad- dled with incompetents." The chiefs didn't seem to bright- en up. "I know why you took I continued, "You vyere afraid you'd lose your appropriations or be cut out of the budget. "That's what's wrong with this country." There wasn't any applause. Then I got down to work. Every few hours somebody would come in with a batch of complaints about nothing and all the complaints were entirely un- related to anything I was suppos- ed to be doing. They were sending me all the crackpot mail. In addition I got reports which were mimeographed essays on how the Department of Justice was run sort of things that are given to high school kids. They all told how they operated. But none, such as the Criminal Division, reported any crimes. I began to get suspicious. At the end of the week I went to Charles Murphy, counsel to the President. I told him I couldn't proceed the way the program was set up. I told him about the selected, hand- picked complaints and that nobody in his right mind would send such material to me. I was just learning about Wash- ington then and didn't know it I said, "if I stay in that office I will go cross- eyed reading that stuff and by (Continued on Page 13, Column 5) MORRIS Harold J. Carrier, prison guard is held with a knife in his back in the prison yard while inmate Earl Ward, a spokesman for the other in- mates speaks across the prison yard to newsmen and prison of- ficials during mutiny which broke out at Michigan State Prison at Jackson, Mich., last night. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Michigan Rebel Convicts Hold 4 As Hostages JACKSON, Mich. WV- Rioting prisoners seized control of large sections of the big southern Mich- igan State prison today and eet one building on fire in a continua- tion of an ..outbreak that began Sunday night" The bulk of the Michigan state police force was rushed to the scene to guard the institution and prevent any possible mass escape attempts. Half a dozen prison guards had been injured as the rioting spread into mid-morning. The quartermaster building, con- taining clothing, was set ablaze. State police used tear gas to keep some of the rioters from breaking into other cell blocks. Meantime, another group'broke into the prison theater, seized mu- sical instruments and paraded in the yard. A night-long mutiny of some of the prison's touched off a toughest criminals series of- new dis- turbances after daybreak. Four prison guards were held as hostages by the mutineers. The prison vicinity resembled an armed camp. State troopers encircled the walls outside. Another 25 troopers armed with sub-machine tear gas, took stations on the pris- on roof. Bedlam held forth within the walls. At least two prison blocks, in- cluding a mental ward, and the mess hall were reported in control of the rioters. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and cooler with occasional showers to- night. Tuesday partly cloudy and cooler. Low tonight 48, high Tues- day 58. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 79; minimum, 46; noon, 79; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today. Maximum, 83; minimum, 58; noon, 69; precipitation, .06; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 15. Truman Warns Senate Against Steel Shutdown Attacks Scheme To Cut Funds for Mill Operation WASHINGTON LB President Truman told the Senate today that if it restricts use of government funds for operation of the seized steel mills it may result in "para- lyzing the operations of the govern- ment in an emergency." In a letter to Vice President Barkley, the President hit out vigorously at Republican-sponsored moves to deny any funds for gov- ernment operation of the mills. He said enactment of the GOP proposals might lead to a complete shutdown in steel and "immediately reduce the ability of our troops in Korea to defend themselves against attack." Further, the President contended, much of the debate on the matter has been of "extreme and mis- leading character." Drastic Effects He warned: "If the Communists stage another offensive in Korea this spring, the success or failure of that offensive may well depend on whether or not we have kept our steel mills in operation. This is a consideration over and above the drastic effect a steel shutdown would have on our total defense effort." Truman repeated what he had said in a message April he ordered "temporary operation" of the steel mills by the government "with the utmost reluctance; that the idea of government operation of the steel mills was thoroughly dis- tasteful to me; and that I wanted to see it ended as soon as possible." Truman Cruises His letter to Barkley reminded the senators, too, that he had in- dicated his willingness to "co- operate in developing any legisla- tive proposals the 'Congress might wish to consider" for dealing with the steel crisis. The message was sent to Bark- ley while Truman continued his cruise .aboard the Presidential yacht Williamsburg. Meanwhile, Nathan Feinsinger, chairman of the Wage Stabilization Board, and Ellis Arnall, price stab- ilizer, met at the'White House with the National Advisory Board on Mobilization Policy for a discussion of the steel situation. John R. Steelman, aid to Tru- man, is now acting chairman of the Advisory Board. Republicans sponsoring the move to cut off funds for government operation of the steel industry claimed growing Democratic cup- port. East Germany Coal Mine Blast Kills 13 BERLIN A coal mine ex- plosion behind the iron curtain in East Germany has killed at least 13 miners and injured 27. An un- disclosed number of miners are listed as missing. An official statement by the East German government said the blast Saturday was in a shaft of a hard coal mine in Zwickau in Southern Saxony, an area closed to Westerners. iver A "Team" Of Five pumps installed Saturday night at the intersection of Sarnia Street and Mankato Avenue today is pumping gallons of water per minute from Lake Winona. Effect of the pumping still was not felt this morning. The level of the lake continued to rise. The lake is in the background here. Large outlet pipe fed by hoses from each pump is pictured across the center of the picture and descending at bottom right. It discharges into the Lake Winona outlet ditch on the river side of the gate structure there. Republican-Herald photo Mysterious Object Flying MPH Reported Sighted LONDON, Ont. separated reports of an uni- dentified craft high in the skies, leaving a vapor trail and traveling at a speed estimated at more than miles an hour, were received last night from Western Ontario points. Canadian Air Force reserve fighters here were ordered to intercept the mysterious craft. The pilots reported they could not come anywhere near the source of the vapor trail, although they pushed their planes to more than 450 miles an hour. Air Force officers said no high-speed, high-flying jet air- craft were aloft at the time. Transport department officials here also had no explanation. Ike's Ailing SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED POWERS IN EUROPE heavy head and throat cold will keep Gen. Dwight Eisenhower in bed for another day. Informants said his temperature has dropped to normal but another day of rest is needed to lick an "upper respiratory infection." Racing Car Kills Four At Dayton Speedway DAYTON, 0. racing car spun crazily out of control into the Dayton Speedway grandstand yesterday. It killed four persons, including the driver, Gordon Reid, 29, of Burbank, Calif. At least 50 spectators were hurt. It was one of the worst accidents on American tracks since 1929, The Crumpled Racing car driven by Gordon Reid, of Burbank, CaliL, is shown where it landed in the stands at Dayton. Ohio, yesterday lolling Reid and three spectators and injuring 43 others. The big car failed to straighten oat of the turn in the background and hurtled from the track. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) when four persons were killed and 20 hurt at Winchester, Ind, The crash lopped off Reid's head. It also decapitated Mrs. Ruby EUen Shaffer, 43, of Springfield. The other victims were Robert Thatcher, 22, a track guard, and Gene Lawson, 19, of Dayton. Some among the attending the opening AAA sprint car pro- gram at the speedway had narrow escapes. Herman Cottrell. 40, a spectator said "I saw him leave the track. I turned and jumped as far as I could. God must have been sitting there with me." Reid bad planned to drive the car in the 500-mile speed classic at Indianapolis May 30. He had been driving since the end of World War n, mostly in midget and "hot rod" competition. Nine of the injured required hos- pttalization, while many others were treated at the track for minor injuries. Thatcher was killed when he tried to usher Mrs. Shaffer out of the path of the car. The accident happened during the first trial heat. Reid's racer went ont of control near the top of a bank through a for a turn. It .retaining wall, spun shot through a standing-room crowd, ploughed into a paint barrel, and hit the Heavy Rains Feared On Flooded Missouri By LARRY HALL KANSAS CITY weather posed new problems today along 700 miles of the flooded Missouri River, one of the world's most unruly streams. All the experts would say was that a chance of heavy rain exists. But they couldn't tell yet whether it would hit the Missouri Basin, overloaded area Dying Duluth Woman Seeks Home for Sons Back Peak Record 17.93 Reading Made Noon Sunday Engineer Cautions That Flood Danger Still Exists Here By FRED LEIGHTON Republican-Herald Staff Writer The flood crest of the Mis- sissippi River flowed past Winona Sunday noon, boost- ing the stage to 17.93 feeW the greatest in by mid-afternoon the river began to inch downward. At 6 p. m. Sunday a per- ceptible drop of .01 of an inch was registered at the Johnson Street gauge, and at 6 a. rn. today the river stood .02 of an inch still lower. At noon no fur- ther falling off was detected. The flooding river hovered at exactly 17.90 feet. Marked recession is not expected until late today when level will start to fall gradually until it goes below its 13-foot flood stage approximately May 1. Flood-sensitive Winona stood se- cure behind its ring of dikes, but residents were warned anew not to become, overly optimistic until the river has fallen back sub- stantially. especially the overloaded area from St. Joseph, Mo., to Kansas City, Even if it rained a full inch in the Kaw Kansas Basin, they said, it would raise the Missouri at Kansas City only about a foot. That would still be well below the level the protecting dikes were built to stand. The Kaw, a fast-acting river, was what gave Kansas City, Mo., and Kansas City, Kan., their worst flood when it poured into the Mis- souri here last July. It's rolling along at a low level now. Tough Fettle Brig. Gen. D. G. Shingler, di- vision engineer at Omaha, stuck to his prediction that the Kansas Citys would be safe this time. But while the downstream battle was not as spectacular as the fight to save Omaha and Council Bluffs last week, it still was a hard one. Men still fought to confine the river which has driven thousands from their homes and caused millions of dollars of damage. "We really have one terrific Shingler said after an aeri- al survey. "Today we're in flood stage from Blair, Neb. above Omaha almost to the mouth near St. distance of about 700 miles." Jesse Gulick, district weather forecaster at' Kansas City, said the rain situation was like sitting on a keg of dynamite. This was the picture: Warm, moist air was streaming up from the Gulf of Mexico; cooler air was pushing in across the Northern Rockies. But the storm centers hadn't jelled. 4 Days Without Food, Water RAHWAY, N.J. hunger and thirst as their allies, Rahway State Prison officials waited pa- tiently today for a break in a four- day rebellion of 231 hard-bitten convicts. The revolt is the longest in a series of five prison outbreaks in the state. A similar mutiny by 69 convicts at Trenton State Prison, 40 miles to the south, ended Fri- day after 77 hours. Barricaded in a dormitory wing, the prisoners were promised they would receive no bodily punishment f they surrendered without harm- ing their eight guard hostages. The desperate convicts, vowing! or death" in their mutiny, j reportedly were arguing and bick- ering well into the night as meager bod supplies dwindled. DULUTH, Minn. Evelyn Paro, reconciled to the fact that she has only a few more weeks to live, has one more task to com- plete before she dies. She wants to find someone who will give her two young sons, Ger- ald, 6, and Gordon, 9, a secure and. happy future. About a month ago, the 44-year old mother complained to her doc< tor about pains in her stomach. X-rays were inconclusive so she underwent exploratory surgery. The verdict was incurable can- cer. Saturday she appealed to the Duluth Herald and News-Tribune for help in finding a foster father and mother for her sons. The pa- nsr reported it was flooded with telephone calls Sunday in response to her plea. Divorced shortly after Gerald was born, Mrs. Paro became her family's breadwinner. She worked days as a bookkeeper and nights as a waitress. The boys got used to being without a father and learned to do a lot of things by themselves, including small chores around the house. It was home and they were hap- py. Now they're having a hard time understanding why their mother must leave them forever She told them Sunday and asked them to have faith because it was God's Mrs. Paro wants to see the boys placed in a good home while there still is time for her to meet the new parents and satisfy herself that they are the right ones. She wants to explain which son needs .the extra bit of attention and which needs the coaxing to eat his vegetables. t Too ill to interview all who may seek to adopt her sons, Mrs. Paro turned to the newspaper to help conserve her strength to keep her family together until the last pos- sible moment. She asked that all queries regarding possible adop- tion be addressed to her in care of the Duluth newspapers. She will make the choice of the new par- ents from the letters. England Goes On Daylight Saving Water has been shut off to the LONDON Britons have set wing since the riot flared up Tbars- their clocks ahead one hour for 'day niehL 'tile summer. Back to Normal City Engineer W. 0. Cribbi announced this morning hit office return to normal schedule ef immediate- ly. Houri will be 8 a.m. to I p.m. The engineer said, "We have open on a 24-hour since the flooding starred, but this no longer teems neces- sary." He slid all residenti should continue to be alert for flood danger and should con- tact city police immediately if any development occurs at dikes, or in the flooding of sew- ers. Police will reach promptly. City Engineer W. O. Cribbs said, "We are still within .3 of an inch of an all-time high, and certainly we aren't much safer today than we were Sun- day or Saturday. This is a time for everyone In the flood- fighting business to be on their toes. There is still as much pressure as ever against all our dikes. The amount the river has gone down so far makes no difference as far at the danger is concerned." City workmen continued a foot- by-foot patrol of all dikes on a 24- hour basis over the weekend and a special crew worked Saturday, Sat- urday night and Sunday to rein- force a weakened section of dik8 in the west end of the North West- ern Railway yards on the north edge of the city. "That point is the weakest in our entire dike Cribbs said, "and we are watching it and working on it with extreme care." Condition of all dikes was described as "good." More Seepage Witb seepage moving in on the flood-endangered city, workmen took a bold stroke Saturday night to lower Lake at least, to keep the lake from rising any further. They installed five pumps at the foot of the lake, pumping water out of two catch basins from the lake and over the Mankato Avenue dike into the outr let ditch parcllcling SWve road. The pumps went into operation Saturday at 7 p.m., but level of the lake still was rising today. The level today is feet, compared with a normal reading of 6.35 feet. Despite the fact the pumps arc pushing gallons per minute into the outlet ditch the official reading on the east side of the gate structure there was lower this morning by .03 of an inch than it was Sunday morning first per- ceptible lowering at that point since the city's flood problems be- gan. Level of the lake and the read- ing at the outlet ditch for the last week has been: Date Lake Ditch April 14........ 1.12 13.e7 April 15 ........8.22 14.5? April 17 ........IJ1 15.14 April II ........1.31 April 1S.47 Sunday Ml 15.51 Today IJJ 15.41 Pumping facilities will have to lift 8 million of water out of the lake in a 24- icur period in order to keep (Continued on Page II, Celumn 2) FLOOD ;