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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 21, 1949, Winona, Minnesota LIGHT SHOWERS TONIGHT, FRIDAY FM RADIO AT ITS BEST VOLUME 49, NO. 55 WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 21, 1949 Highest Mill Levy Seen for St n I Bu Chinese Reds Win Positions Below Yangtzew Nationalists Counter Attack At Tikang, Wuhu Communist Troops Reported Across Stream By Seymour Topping Nanking, forces arc attempting today to con- solidate newly won positions south of the Yangtze. Chinese government spokesman said successful communist crossings of the Yangtze, which separated na- tionalist territory from red, had been made at Tikang, 80 miles west of the capital, and at Wuhu, 60 miles inland from here. Government troops were counter: attacking, A few planes and gun! boats were pressed into the battle by the tottering government. One foreign military source said red troops were over the river. This had not been confirmed offi- cially. I Red Leader Mao Tze-tung and army chief of staff exhorted their j troops to "liberate all China" in special communique broadcast byj the communist radio. j In a joint communique broadcast] by the communist radio, Mao and Red Commander-in-chief Chu Teh ordered their armies to "advance! and liberate all of China." The announcement by the com- munist chieftains left some room for, negotiation on the basis of red sur-; render terms rejected yesterday by the government. It stipulated that if any local re- gion is willing to make peace on red terms it will be accepted. The broad- cast said also that if the government Third, Fourth British Spring Boost Ships on Yangtze Hitln Business Seems Overdue Pennsylvania Congressman Killed in Jet Fighter Crash Fresh Declines In Non-Farm Jobs Reported Communist Forces (arrows) reopened Chinese civil war with attacks all along the Yangtze river. Underlined cities are in battle areas. Northeast of Nanking on the Yangtze communist shore guns crippled the British sloop Amethyst. The British destroyer Consort reached Kiangyin (B) after a 50-mile duel with red artil- lery. Shaded area is communist held. (A.P. Wirephoto.) By Fred Hampson British crui- ser London and the sloop Black swan steamed for Shanghai late today after engaging communist below Nanking on the Yangtze river. Some 50 casualties were known to be aboard the two vessels, the third and fourth British naval craft to be cast said also wiau tuc aim lourtn januoii iittvai uv is still in Nanking when red forces hij. m the renewed Chinese civil war. surround the capital, nationalist? iaff leaders will be given another oppor- tunity to sign a peace agreement with the communists. Such an agreement would amount to outright surrender. The communist communique said that the order to fire was issued be- cause the Nanking government had rejected the peace proposal formu- lated in Peiping. The announcement charged tne Behind them they left the crippled sloop Amethyst which they hac sought to aid. The Amethyst had, some 20 dead and 30 to 40 wounded aboard, survivors who reached here said late today. Among the Ame- thyst wounded was her captain. Repairing Destroyer In port here undergoing repairs from yesterday's battle is the destroyer Consort, which discharged The announcement charged wounded and ten dead, nationalists refused to accept the; peace terms government the Nanking! At least 27 British dead have been because the Nanking n Black still "obeys American reported_ London and Black By Norman Walker spring sea- son's expected boost for the na tion's economy is overdue. That became clear today from a batch of government reports. They showed fresh declines in nonfarm employment, in factory workers' earnings and working hours, in business loans and in es- timated farm receipts. One government official, Com- missioner Ewan Clague of the Bur- eau of Labor Statistics, said or- dinarily these figures should have showed an uptrend this time of the year. He said maybe it's just de- layed action, due in part to a late Easter. However, another top official, secretary of the Treasury Snyder, sounded an optimistic note to a I New York audience last night. He said latest employment figures act- ually are higher than a year ago and purchasing power still is high. Plenty of Liquid Assets "Right said Snyder, "in the pockets of the American people we have of liquid assets." Snyder said the present econom- ic picture lacks the elements that "brought on depression and depres- sion crises in the past." On the other hand, a third gov- ernment expert, Louis H. Bean, said businessmen can cause a de- pression by curtailing investmenl for industrial expansion. He saidjneru aiiu recent surveys indicate they ianded at Kirtland Air Force to reduce it in the next five years base refueL ship rose only to 40 per Bean, (AP. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Albuquerque, crash-j ing jet fighter plane carried Rep- resentative Robert Lewis Coffey, Jr. (D-Pa.) to death here late yes- terday. The crackup of his P-80 Shooting Star was tentatively laid to a par- tial power failure. A thorough in- vestigation was ordered. Coffey, a 30-year-old hero and first tenner in Congress, cent of the 1948 level, economic adviser to Sec- retary "of Agriculture Brannan, al-jan 25 feet, wavered and plunged into so spoke in New York. arroyb as he took off on the Clague jthe new lilliU told a news conference iCauf. lag in worker earnings imperialists and Kuomintang (gov- ernment party) Chieftain Chiang; Kai-shek in their effort to prevent1 the liberation of the Chinese people and a settlement of domestic prob- lems by peaceful means." Meanwhile government were making preparations to evacu- ate from all points along the threat- officials _ Swan are feared to have several ad- ditional dead among their casual- cs. The London's captain ordered withdrawal of the cruiser and the Black Swan from the vicinity of the damaged Amethyst. He said "all signs of peaceful intent havej Vice-Admiral A. C. Madden and working hours means a cut in public purchasing power. .He gave these figures for March: Nonfarm employment down 150 000 from February to 000.' This is below a year ago, when March showed a 000 increase over February. Non- farm employment represents about three-fourths of the nation's work- been disregarded and heavy fire r- opened from batteries near Bates ened 650-mile Yangtze line. pojnt anfl on southern end of j All but six of the 40 odd TJ. Beaver island (both in the vicinity j Marines here to guard the American Denver IbltlLIU of the This fire was effectively replied to but under such conditions (it is) clearly impossible to bring the Amethyst down river." The British consulate said it had received messages from both ships saying they had been damaged. from Hong Kong took on bed to death yesterday Shanghai with doctors and medical was embassy have been sent to Shang- hai in a move to prevent incidents should the communists overrun Nanking. Admiral Kirk To Get Careful Instructions Washington Admiral Alan c, Kirfc President Truman's choice i sxviu ambassador to Russia, faces! when a communist shell hit the careful sTate department grooming j wheel house and Cammed her con- Missing Chicago Cashier Found Stabbed to Death O. Dreng, 35, who disappeared last Friday from his job as currency exchange cash- ier along with he was ac War Factory Earnings Off ers. Factory earnings and working earnings down about to from February and down from December's peak. Working hours reduced from 39.4 in February to- 38.9 in March. A 13th consecutive weekly de- cline in business loans was re- ported by the Federal Reserve board. It said they fell off 000 in the week ended April 13. (final leg of a flight to March Field alif. The Johnstown, Pa., flier was on a cross-country training flight, un- dertaken while the House is in re- cess. He held the rank of colonel in the Air Force reserve. A witness to the crash was Lieu- tenant Colonel William Ritchie, friend and companion of Coffey in European air combat during World ar n. Ritchie, taking off behind Coffey in another P-80, was compelled to circle overhead for an hour. This was to use up fuel in the wing tanks, necessary before he could land. "The plane (Coffey 's) just settled at the south end of the Ritchie said In describing the crash. "I could see it strike a stream of sparks, like those from a grinding wheel. Then it bounced over into the ravine.." Colonel Harold O. Gunn, Kirtland Higher Wisconsin Income, Cigarette Tax Levies Asked By Arthur Bystrom Madison, Rennebohm proposed today higher in come and cigarette taxes that would provide or more in tfo next two years for state buildings, educational aids and public welfan (0 in the week ended April .us. Colonel Harold O. uunn, jturuano. And the Agriculture department commandant, said the ship turnec estimated that farmers' cash series of cartwheels before it improvements, In a message prepared for delivery to a joint session of the legisla ture, the governor asked general increases in individual and corporation and income taxes for the next bi- ennium only of one-half per cent on each bracket of taxation. He asked a one cent increase in the present two cent per package cigarette tax. Unofficial but reliable estimates by budget and taxation authorities indicated the new taxes would re- sult in additional funds of at least in the next two years if employment holds up. They add- ed that the total might go as high as All of the money collected by the Endurance Fliers Due for Competition Fullerton, Calif. Flying Champions Bill Barris an Dick Riedel, Hearing the 900-hour mark, are due for some compe tition today. Two combat fliers, Bob Wooc house 36, and Woodrow. Jongward 28, plan to take off from Yuma Ariz., in an attempt to crack th Barris-Biedel record. The Fullerton fliers plan to Ian Budget Deficit Anticipated Legislative Clock Still Covered to Permit Passing Bills BULLETIN St. senate to- day passed the soldiers bonus bill after a. two-hour debate. The vote was 63 to 4. The bill now goes back to the house, which passed it earlier, for con- currence in clarifying amend- ments. Representative E. J. Windmiller of Fergus Falls, sponsor of the bill in the house, said he was certain the house would accept the amendments. The proposal, estimated to cost a. total of would pro- vide a maximum bonus for state side service of and a maxi- mum for foreign service of By Jack Mackay St. Paul The highest mill levy on real and personal property n the history of the state was fore- -ast today as the 56th legislature met in its closing hours. The prediction was made by Re- resentative Roy E. Dunn, Pelican lapids, majority leader, eat of a move to divert about of receipts from the income ax school fund for partial mainten- ance of the University of Minnesota nd teacher colleges for the next iennium. Anticipating a deficit ol between and to meet he increased appropriations ap- jroved by the legislature, Represen- ;ative Dunn said that no course s left open except to impose an added levy on real estate of eight or nine mills. The 1949 levy on real and personal property collectible in 1950 is 6.45 mills. An increase of even seven mills would necessitate fixing of a levy in excess of the 1935 peak rate of 13.37 mills. Since each mill produces about revenue per year, it would 3e the obligation of the state auditor to levy nine mills to raise )00. Under the state constitution, a levy must be imposed on real estate when there is not sufficient money in the general revenue fund to defray the cost of government. The deadline for passing bills was midnight Wednesday but, in accord- ance with tradition, the clocks in ;he house and senate were covered to enable the lawmakers to continue leliberations. Four bills totaling about were passed in the house ;ast night. They included: for school aids to grade and high schools; University of Minnesota, and teacher colleges. social welfare, includ- just before noon Tuesday after re (Continued on Page 6, Column 2.) maining in the air hours, su WISCONSIN full weeks. ing old 'age assistance, aid to de- pendent children, aid to the blind, and relief. public Institutions bill which includes allowances of about for the biennium for ths governor's mental health program. (This compares with the gov- (Continued on Page 19, Column 4) LEGISLATURE 1CA CLiUWg, Meanwhile an R.A J. flying boat cused of steaiing, was found stab- Tim Tfime Kone took off from J--H, ceipts may be ten per cent less this year than the 1948 record total. Their net income may decline even more, the department said. In over-all employment the Cen- supplfes but failed in an attempt to reach the Amethyst. Some Leave Craft Dreng's body ditch near suburban found in Wheaton snapped a powerline pole. The en- gine was catapulted 100 yards be- yond the main portion of the shat- tered fuselage. The plane did not explode or burn. sus bureau has reported a slight A crash crew found the increase for March from February. ditch near suburDan wneaum Dy Clague said this to a sub a highway worker. His mouth was stantial rise" m farm employment and MS hands bound behind I which more than offset the non- Early in the evening 59 back. Coroner Samuel K. Lewis farm decline. the flier wedged inside. of the Amethyst arrived here by train from the north. Among them were five wounded. Survivors said 89 officers and crewmen were still aboard the sloop. Chief Petty Officer David Heath said the Amethyst went aground before leaving for Moscow. Officials said today he will trols. Officials saia loaay be. The sloop's guns, trained on corn- recalled shortly from Brussels for munist positions, were quickly put detailed "consultations" before tak- out of commission by red fire, he -_ l_ _ in f.VlP c-nli-1 ing up his frontline position in the I said. cold war. Kirk is a relative newcomer to ij diplomacy. He took his present post as ambassador to Belgium and Lux- embourg following a-35-year hitch in the Navy, climaxed by command of American naval forces in the invasion of Normandy. His nomination to the Moscow post as successor to General Walter Bedell Smith was sent to the Sen- ate yesterday. Prompt approval is expected. Associates described Kirk as of Du Page county said Dreng had been killed with a large knife or bayonetlike weapon. Lewis estimated Dreng had been dead between 12 and 24 hours when his body was found. He said the slaying apparently was committed elsewhere and the body dumped at the roadside. Dreng's disappearance was first reported last Friday by Abraham Greenfield, president of the Regal currency exchange, 780 Milwaukee avenue, where he bad been em- ployed as a cashier for three years. .-nmnTiisrs Greenfield said he had gone to X BritishsSors' the exchange at 5 p. m., an hour The British sailors j anri found it Heath said at this point a white flag was raised but the cpmunists kept on firing. Polk Murder Accomplice Gets Life Sentence Salonika, Greece Gregory Staktopoulos, a Greek newspaper- kept on firing. The British Time" and found it man and former communist, was were ordered to abandon ship o0o sentenced to life Imprisonment to- .____-----w onn fVipUOCKeu. iie saiu liiuie wmn the men swam 200 yards to the was m th opersafe an (Continued on Page 15, Colnmn was missing On Monday SHI KS O TITflT-TQTlh fflT BRITISH SHIPS WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity Mostly qualified for the job m all respects. u ht scattered showers He is 60, short'in stature, energetic aouoy s ceny by bailee. Police Captain and friendly in manner. He was .reported well-liked by the Belgians. Moscow apparently likes the idea of a military man as American envoy. Kirk's names was approved promptly by the Kremlin before be- ing submitted to the Senate. Be- sides General Smith, the United States had another admiral as am- bassador in pre-war H. Standley. I tonight and Friday. Slightly cooler Friday. Low tonight 50; high Fri- day 60. ____ LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 73; 48; noon, 71; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 19. j Greenfield obtained a warrant for Dreng's arrest on a charge of lar- Mooney said none of Dreng's personal ef- fects at his room at 788 Milwaukee avenue "was missing. Mooney' said Dreng, formerly of Elbow Lake, Minn., graduated from Luther col- lege of Decorah, Iowa, and before entering the Navy in 1940, was a school teacher at Gallup, N. M. He said Dreng's sister. Mrs. Mar- grethe Carter, who identified the body, told him her brother was married to Marian Teslow of De- corah before entering the Navy and was divorced in 1945. She said she had talked to her brother the day before" he disappeared. day for complicity in the murder last May of George Polk, Ameri- can correspondent for the Columbia Broadcasting system. Staktopoulos' 68-year-old mother, Anna, was acquitted'on the same charge, as requested by the pros- ecution. The prosecution had asked a sentence of only ten to 20 years for Staktopoulos, who admitted in court that he was with Polk on the night of his death. He contended he was an innocent dupe the communists. Adam Mouzenides, the man the body of He was dUed instantly. The accident hap- pened about p. m. The congressman made a normal takeoff and his landing gear was already retracted, Gunn said. Reconstructing the crash from eyewitness accounts, Gunn said the craft apparently lost part of its the result of a mechanical failure. Another wartime comrade of Cof- fey was a near witness to the crack- up. He was Lieutenant Colonel John Meyer, liaison officer between the Air Force and the House of Rep- resentatives. The two had planned to depart together early yesterday from An- drews Field, outside Washington, D C., but Meyer was delayed. He followed in a P-51 fighter. By coin- cidence, Meyer had just been clear- ed for a landing here when Coffey's ship crashed. Coffey meanwhile had proceeded by way of Selfridge base, at De- troit, and Salina, Kan., where Rit- chie joined him. Ritchie, assigned to the 56th fighter group at Self- ridge, is from Pine Bluff, Ark. Protestants Plan Evangelistic Drive New A Protestant Adam Mouzemaes, me man me irotesbiuii, prosecution said fired the gun which to begin next October was announc- o-nt. a. rlAAt.h sentence, ed todav. killed Polk, got a death sentence, as did his accused helper, Evan- gelos Vasvanas. Neither Mouzenides nor Vasvanas, who are communists, have been apprehended and both were tried in absentia. nationwide campaign ed today. Sponsored by the Federal Coun- cil of the Churches of Christ in America and other denominations with members, the cam- paign will last through 1950. Senator Oscar Swenson, Nicollet, center, listens intenfly while Senator Donald Wright, Minneapolis, argues against Swenson's proposal for immediate debate on bills to raise gasoline taxes and auto fees in waning hours of the 1949 Minnesota legislature. Wright contended existing special orders should be dis- posed of first. Swenson's move for "call of the senate" was ruled out of order. Senators listening are Hans Pederson, Ruthton. between Wright and Swenson, and behind. Swenson, left to right, Norman Lar- son, Ada; Clifford Lofvegren, Alexandria; Ralph Mayhood, Minneapolis, and Werner Wuerte, Wirephoto to .The i t ;