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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 20, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight, Tuesday, Warmer On Tuesday VOLUME 53, NO. 53 River Stage (Flood 13) Today 7.91 .28 Year Ago 17.90 .03 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, APRIL 20, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Fountain City Man Dies of Injuries In Nighttime Crash FOUNTAIN CITY, Wis. Kemp of Fountain City, 51, died at a.m. today at St. Joseph's Hospital, Ar- cadia, approximately 24 hours after he was critically injured in a car His automobile left .Highway 35 just east of here at 2 a.m. Sun- day and turned on its side in the TODAY HardWork Behind Ike Talk By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP President's foreign policy address to the American newspaper editors was nobly conceived and nobly execut- ed, it offered a new hope and a new faith which the whole tired world has greedily welcomed. So much is hardly news any longer. What is sill news and valuably illu- minating to boot, is the process by which this speech was produced. The process was long. Work on the speech actually started on March 6. It was the day after Stalin died, when President Eisen- hower first outlined the sort of thing he wanted to say to his chief speechwriter, Emmett Hughes, and his chief psychological warrior, C. D. Jackson. The motive then, as when the speech was delivered, was to use the opportunity of the new world situation to seize the political initiative. But seizing the initiative is rarely easy in the cumbersome and far from maneuverable American government, with its channels and its clearances, its compartments and its complex systems of co- ordination. The White House, the State Department, the Defense De- partment, the intelligence services ditch on the Mississippi River bot- tomland. Kemp suffered a broken neck, in- ternal injuries and "involvement of the his doctor said this morning. A passenger in the Kemp automobile, Fred Giversen, Fountain City, suffered a concus- sion and bruises. Kemp was driving toward Foun Legislators Race to Finish Work in Time U, Teacher College Grant Only Big Money Bill Left By JACK B. MACKAY ST. PAUL U) Minnesota Legis- lators today raced feverishly down the home stretch to beat the Tues- day midnight deadline for passing bills and pave the way for ad- journment sine die Wednesday. Faced with a threat by Gov. Anderson that he will not sign any bills passed after the deadline I waa uiiY.ii.ifc j. i f tain City from the east when the even if clocks are covered the mishap occurred. His car went to I lawmakers were determined to I the right, knocked down several! finish their business in time, or i suard posts and swerved across possibly earlier. X .1 11 i __. A anf Viir the road and down a bank where it turned on its side. Orville Abts, Buffalo County sheriff's deputy, said the car was "badly damag- ed." Cause of the accident is not known. There were no witnesses. Giversen, knocked unconscious in the crash, said he did not recall how the car left the road. The physician indicated Kemp may have fallen asleep. The injured driver was given first aid in the physician's office. When the extent of his injuries was determined he was transferred to Arcadia where his condition de- teriorated. He was conscious im- mediately following the accident. Abts indicated this morning he was calling Buffalo County Traffic Officer Henry Zeichert for a thor- ough investigation of the accident. Kemp had been a dredge mate on the dredge William A. Thomp- Agreement by House and Senate conferees on the big appropriations bill for state "departments Sunday left only one big money measure Allotted For Civil Defense ST. PAUL W A total of will be appropriated for Civil Defense for the next two years, under the compro- mise state departments appro- priations bill agreed upon by a conference committee Sunday. Of this total will be for administration and for equipment and aid. unsettled. That is appropriations for the University of Minnesota and state teachers colleges. Conference committees still are and a few other lesser bodies were i ried Loretta Hampton, also of Dia- all activity involved. Everyone had j mond Bluff, ot Chaska, Minn. The his favorite contribution, and above couple made their home at Dia- UU UIC UJ.CUKC J.llwlllf J-cf son since 1937 and had made his 1 attempting to resolve the differ- home in Fountain City for the last ences in the House and Senate 11 years. Before joining the crew bills, of the Thompson he was employed on vessels plying the Upper Mis- sissippi. Born at Diamond Bluff, Wis., Oct 2, 1901, Kemp was the son of John and Ella (Inman) Kemp. He mar- all, everyone had his favorite set of don'ts. The result was summed up in the remark of one tired official: "I kept count until I'd read seven drafts, and then I stopped counting." Such endless redrafting was not necessitated by mere nit-picking, either. Boldness versus caution was the main theme the debate, with the White House advocating bold- ness and the State Department quite properly championing cau mond Bluff until they moved to Fountain City. Survivors include Mrs. Kemp; a daughter, Mrs. Alvin (Inex) Han- non, Milwaukee; a son, John, at home; three sisters, Mrs. Andrew (Hazel) Carlson, Diamond Bluff; Mrs. Christ (Lois) Dettle, Hutchin- son, Minn., and Mrs. Neil (Mar- ion) Harpster, Rosemount; a broth- er, Theodore, Minneapolis, and four grandchildren. Funeral services have been ten- tatively scheduled at the Killian tion. The character of the struggle j Funeral Home, Arcadia, for Wed- inay be judged by what was leftjnesday afternoon. Burial will be in in the final version of the speech, (the Diamond Bluff Cemetery, and also by what was left out. What j Friends may call at the funeral was left out may be summarized j home from Tuesday afternoon on as follows: The first drafts included pro- posals for free elections, not only in Germany and Korea, but in In- dochina as well. At the beginning. White House thinking did not absolutely rule out the disarmament and unifica- tion of Germany, following free elections and German unification. (This trend of thought harked back to the forty-year German disarma- ment guarantee which Secretary of State James F. Brynes offered the (Continued on Page 7, Column 2) ALSOPS Rochester Youth Killed While Target Shooting Baby Tornadoes Kill 11, Injure 400 in South 30 U.S. POWs Freed, 35 More Due Tuesday Avoid Question Majority Leader Roy E. Dunn of the House and Majority Leader Archie Miller of the Senate both are confident their respect i v e houses will finish business in time to avoid any question about the legality of actions, Stewart Rothman of St. Paul will continue as state housing director but there will be no funds for the post now held by E. R. Stark- weather, assistant state game and fish director, if both houses ap- prove the conference committee re- port covering state departments. House conferees yielded to the Senate group on funds for Roth- man's office but included a proviso that he shall continue until the end of the federal housing program, with 60 days thereafter to wind up his affairs. Sportsmen's groups have vehe- mently protested elimination of funds for Starkweather's position, which is covered by Civil Service. The Senate Claims Committee introduced its omnibus claim bill at a Sunday session. The claim by Leonard Hankins, who spent 19 years in Stillwater Prison before he was found innocent of murder and bank robbery, was re- jected. Claims Commission The Claims Committe'e decided to refer to a newly-created claims commission the plea of Mrs. Olive Tollefson Lee, formerly of Brain- erd but now of Minneapolis, for damages resulting from unlawful ATLANTA Vicious winds I detention in jail. She was held 53 and small but potent tornadoes days for the alleged poisoning of These U.N. Prisoners of war wait at Pyokrong, North Korea, for transportation to take them to freedom at Panmunjom. Left to right: Robert Guess, Luton, Bedfordshire, England; Roy Jones, Minneapolis; Gerald E. Neighbord, Hereford, Tex., and Odie Lawley, Lawton, Okla. This picture was made by Frank 1'oel, Associated Press photographer, himself a prisoner of the Com- munists since the early days of the war and passed by both U.N. and Communist censors. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) ripped into three Southern states over the weekend, killing 11 per- her husband, Soren Tollefson. A murder charge was dismissed on I the millions. From six to eight hundred were left jobless when winds devastated wirc.TFR Mi state an Alabama cotton mill. Three ROCHtbltK, Minn grammer schools in Columbus, Ga., and local officers today were at- damaeed that 2.- tempting to determine who fired a shot that fatally wounded a 16- year-old boy Saturday. The boy, Sanford P. Ward Jr., died Sunday afternoon in St. Mary's Hospital. Ward and William J. Mueller, 17, had been target shooting in a quarry about two miles south of here. Mueller told officers he and Ward had separated while he ad- justed sights of Ward's gun. Later, Mueller said, he found Ward with a bullet wound in his right temple. Mueller took him to the hospital. The bullet, a .22 caliber, was recovered and it, along with Ward's and Mueller's guns, were sent to the State Crime Bureau in St. Paul. An inquest was delayed until a crime bureau report was received. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Fair to- night and Tuesday. Rather cold tonight. Warmer Tuesday. Low tonight 28. high Tuesday 60. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 sons and injuring more than 400. motion of the Crow Wing County Hundreds of homes were wrecked I attorney. Tollefson died in a I and property damage climbed into I Brainerd hospital April 4, 1945. hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 35: Minimum, 24; noon, 35; precipitation, .07. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 50; minimum, 31; noon, 50; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 48 at a. m., min. 27 at a. m. Noon read- jwere so heavily damaged that 000 children were being reassigned to other classrooms on a double- session basis. Five hundred homes were re- ported demolished in Columbus, severely damaged and 552 less seriously damaged by the brief windstorm which struck the Colum- bus area Saturday night. In a tragic sidelight, eight per- sons were killed in an automobile collision near Jackson, Ga. Four of the victims were en route to inspect the damage to the family home hit by stiff winds at Monte- zuma. With surveys still in progress, 625 homes in Arkansas, Alabama and Georgia were reported demol- ished. Approximately others were damaged, at least half of them extensively. 2 Mill City Tots Killed by Truck MINNEAPOLIS UP) small boys were killed today when run over by the trailer section of a transport truck at Eighth and Cen- tral Ave., N. E. Minneapolis. Victims, both about four years old, were Douglas Vernon, 217 Eighth Street Northeast, and Joe Zaccary, 728 Second Ave., North- east. Police were told the two boys darted into the street and appar- ently ran into the path of the trailer section. Driver of the truck was Alfred broken layer of clouds i M. Morin, 26, 4708 Florida Ave at feet, visibility 15 miles, N. Crystal Village, employed by wind 5 miles per hour from north- west, barometer 30.07 falling, hu- midity 63 per cent. Northrop, King Co. The truck was loaded with some pounds of mail bags. 1: An attorney for Mrs. Lee pre- sented evidence from civil service Korean Fighting Lessens During POW Exchange By FORREST EDWARDS SEOUL along the 155-mile Korean battlefront sput- tered briefly then all but died out today as the warring armies swapped disabled prisoners at Pan- munjom. Aside from a few patrol contacts the Reds threw only three light probing-attacks against Allied for- ward positions, the Eighth Army said. Murky weather grounded most U. N. warplanes today following Sunday's mammoth assault against Communist front-line positions. The Fifth Air Force called it the big- gest close-support effort in six months. bury" C., said the Reds told the More than 225 jet and propeller-j prisoners Allied troops had waged driven fighter-bombers dropped germ warfare in Korea and "some fire and explosives on the Red j believed it." lines from dawn to dusk, concen-j pinkston sajd the Reds showed trating on the Western Front. j partiality" to prisoners who There was a brief air alert in seemed favorable toward propa- the Seoul area Sunday night when) ganda. Communist Treatment 'Unbelievably Says Mill City POW By ROBERT EUNSON FREEDOM VILLAGE, Korea and fellow United Nations soldiers freed today from Communist prison stockades said the Reds treated them fairly well-particularly after the truce nego- tiations began-but did try to convert them to Communism. All agreed it was wonderful to be free. Lt. Roy M. Jones, Minneapolis, Minn., said Communist treatment was "unbelievably poor" before the truce talks began, but the j travel and march, quality improved somewhat and j certainly feels wonderful to varied with the ups and downs of j be a free man again." the negotiations. He said that the Communist Pfc. Raymond H. Medina of the I treatment also varied with the pro- 4 Minnesotans Aid in Caring For Freed POWs FREEDOM VILLAGE, Korea Wl Minnesotans and a North Dakotan played busy roles when sick and wounded United Nations prisoners were released by the at the 45th mobile tnem to communism, but there at the 4btn mooiie Reds Sunday. Chief nurse Army surgical hospital, 'erected here was Major Edna M. Nelson of Hallock, Minn. Among the 11 United States Army doctors assign- ed to the mobile hospital was a surgeon from Minneapolis, Lt. Thomas Moberg. The 33 helicopter pilots assigned to the evacuation of Allied prison- 100 Disabled Allies Traded For 500 Reds 605 U.N. Prisoners To Be Exchanged for Communists By ROBERT TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM, Korea jundred disabled Allied war pris- oners, some weeping silently, came down Freedom Road today in an listoric exchange for 500 glum Communist sick and wounded of the Korean War. The trade, first clear break in iong-deadlocked truce talks, could be the prelude to an armistice in the 34-inonth-old war. The talks, suspended last October, resume Saturday. The blue-clad Allied prisoners in- cluded 30 Americans, 12 British, 50 South Koreans, 4 Turks and 1 each from Canada, South Africa, Greece and the Philippines. Another 100 return 35 Americans, 12 British, 3 Turks and 50 South Koreans, the Reds said today. In all, 605 Allied sick and wounded are being traded for Reds. Those crossing today appeared to be in fair health and well fed. None mentioned unusually harsh treatment in the North Korean prison camps, where some had been since 1950, the first year of the war. But one officer said treat- ment was "unbelievably poor" be- fore the truce negotiations began, then picked up materially. Four came 'back on others walked or hobbled on crut- ches. Dramatic Scent It was a solemn, dramatic scene as the sun 'burst through clouded skies in midmorning. The returning prisoners grinned or wept or remained stolid, each man to his own feelings. of battle from a nearby fight echoed over this ancient vil- lage. Many said the Reds tried to win Qutward mdication of suc- Bronx, N. Y., summed up the j gress shown by the armistice nego-1 ers jn tne exchange included thoughts of most_ returning pris- tiations. j Warrant Officers Norman S. Jacob- oners when he said simply: "I'll be glad to be home." James Lee Pinkston, Salis-ine, three to five Red planes circled Unbelievably Poor records that a state chemist was th'e big west coast port of Inchon j Americans and firpH because of neslieence in the and Airfiplrl Nn bombs Manv the 30 Am.erlc.ans. fired because of negligence in the case. Included in the claims bill was a total of for claims which and Kimpo Airfield. No bombs were dropped. The Navy announced that a shell from a Red shore battery south of must be paid from the general j Wonsan hit tne main fleck Of the (Continued on Page 15, Column 4) U. S. destroyer Kyes Sunday, caus- LEGISLATURE ing only superficial damage. other U.N. troops willingly faced a battery of newsmen, photogra- phers and television cameras on their arrival in this tent city, first stop on the road home. Jones, a 1st Cavalry Division ve- teran who was captured in the win- ter of 1950, said, "The treatment prior to the peace negotiations, started in 1951 was unbelievably poor. When the peace negotiations started, treatment got better. "I refer in particular to food, housing, clothing and the conditions under which men were forced to "It's Almost Like seeing him says Mrs. Roy P. Jones, left, in Min- neapolis as she studies an Associated Press wire- photo from Korea showing her son, 1st Lt. Roy M. I Jones, second from left in wirepnoto, in North Korea en route to Panmunjom and freedom. With Mrs. Jones is her daughter Ruth, 18. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) political indoctrination course that was required attendance up to the beginning of 1952." Then the Reds suddenly dropped it. He said officers and enlisted prisoners were segregated in Com- munist camps and the Reds made a bigger effort to indoctrinate the enlisted men. Joseph C. and N.D. Assigned to the Sixth Helicopter Transportation Company, the pilots flew disabled Allied prisoners from Freedom Village at Munsan to Seoul. From there the prisoners were to be flown to Japan. Disabled Heifetz Arrives in Rome ROME UP) Violinist Jascha He said Allied enlisted personnel j generally received better treatment i Heifetz arrived by air .from Tel than captured officers but "it Aviv today with his right hand would be hard to say how in a still bandaged as a result of an very few minutes attack in Jerusalem. Jones was captured when his A youth struck Heifetz early Fri- regiment was cut off. I day with an iron bar presumably He said the morale officers because he had played music by held by the Communists was still German composer Richard Strauss quite good. "I saw a certain amount of Rus- sian civilian personnel" in North Korea, he said. On the attempt of the Commu- nists to teach politics in the prison camps, Medina said the Commu- nists had classes for the POWs "almost every day. Lately, they down." Pvt. David Ludlum of Ft. Wayne Ind., said that for three or four months attendance was required at classes in communism. Outside the tent where the for- mer captives were interviewed there was considerable tension and emotion as the first soldiers ar- rived by ambulance. A British prisoner stepping out of an ambulance was so overcome that he threw his arms around an American lieutenant and burst into tears. Sfc. Robert Lee of Columbus, Ga., and Troy, Ala., complained that he received -no medical treat- ment during 29 months imprison- ment. "I've never been so happy to see a bunch of Americans in my he declared. Pinkston said his camp was bombed by Allied planes once but no one was hurt. Pvt. Carl W. Kirchenhausen of New York said a minority of pris- oners had been influenced by Red propaganda. He said the camp library was full of Communist literature with "very few novels." cess. One prisoner said "they showed us photos" on germ.warfare. Red charges that the U.N. forces used germ warfare have' been vigorous- ly denied by the United command and Washington. "Some believed adiisd an- other. Cpl. Kenyon Wagner of Detroit. Mich., a tuberculosis patient, said Allied soldiers were "exposed to Communist literature and study was encouraged." Asked if any had turned Com- munist, Wagner replied: "I could not say." Wagner said he was given "the whole works" in medical treatment including modern drugs. He said one of the Red doctors was trained in Detroit. Pretty Rough Pfc. Almond L. Nolan of Rex- ville, N.Y., a captive since De- cember, 1950, said: "Treatment up there wasn't too bad I believe we got the best they could do although the first winter was pretty rough." Some prisoners said they had (Continued pn 15, Column 8) Pvt. Carl Kirchenhauer, first American soldier to be released by the Communists in the exchange of sick and wounded of war at Panmunjom walked from a Communist ambulance to- ward an American one which carried him to Freedom- Village near Munsan. (AP Wirephoto via radio from Tokyo to The He- publican-Herald) ;