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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 20, 1949, Winona, Minnesota SCATTERED SHOWERS THURSDAY VOLUME 49, NO. 54 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, APRIL 20, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY ina onus O.K. To FM RADIO AT ITS BEST TWENTY-TWO PAGES nig ht Engineers Pick Upper Latsch island as Small-Boat Harbor Site The Alsops Russ Threats Expected To Continue Development of the upper end of Latsch island as a harbor for about 250 boats has been recommended by the U. S. Army corps of The federal government would spend between and to develop the site as a harbor for both large and small craft. Announcement of the selection of the upper end of the island, in preference to the lower end, was made here late Tuesday afternoon by G. E. Lyon, chief of the hy- draulics and reports branch of the St. Paul district. A year ago, at a j public hearing here, it was agreed i to permit the engineers to make that decision. I Announcement was made at a I meeting with city councilmen who igave their informal approval to the j development of the site and in tVtni- >lo wi By Joseph AIsop was only a more than three years ago, in the located that they would be willing winter of 1946, that Secretary of ;to make certain contributions to the State James F. Byrnes made Project, Andrescn Preparing Legislation According to Mr. Lyon, First DiS v, momentous decision. Mainly be- cause the Soviets were threatening trict congressman August Andresen to take by force the Iranian prov-ihas introduced or is about to intro- ince of Azerbaijan, Byrnes aban-jduce legislation in Congress which would switch the federal-approved ]ocation from the doned conciliation and adopted his famous policy of "patience and firmness." From that decision flow- ed all the great events of the inter- vening period. Now, three years later, it is re- liably understood that the Ameri- can ambassador at Teheran, the able John Wiley, has for some time been reporting renewed danger of Soviet aggression against Iran. The Kremlin still wants the same prov- ince of Azerbaijan. Stephen Wise, Noted Jewish Leader, Dead New York UPI The body of Dr. Stephen S. Wise, world-famed Jewish leader and militant defender of liberal causes, will lie in state War Explodes Along Yangtze River in China Reds Attack After Nationalists Reject Peace Offer By Seymour Topping dreaded Chi- nese civil war exploded all along the Yangtze river front tonight. Communist attacks were started at several points. Gunfire could be heard and for the first time of the war seen from the capital. Pukow, across the river was un- der attack. Kiangpu, on the north bank several miles southwest of Nanking, was hit. Serious fighting was reported by government sour- today at the free synagogue which opposite Wuhu, 60 miles south- he founded 42 years ago. The noted, 75-year-old Iwest of here. Hsiaokan, 35 miles of Hankow, was the focal who spent a lifetime preaching for j point of the red 43rd army, peace, freedom and tolerance, j A top ranking Nationalist gener- to the upper end of as now recommended by the) engineers. 1 If that legislation is passed, Hamilton died late yesterday at Lenox hos-j ai expressed fear the reds may a quick landing in this vicinity, an operation trapping Nationalist officials in the J.1 LllitU io nils.: tt delay in dredging of the harbor stomachjUment. would be shortened, Mr. Lyon told the group of city and civic officials. However, even if Congress makes the switch this year, the possibility of construction this year is slight. Mr. Lyon said that it is unlikely thatj this month for what_ the called a capital. _ "malignant! The general feeling at the mo- iment is that Wuhu is the govern- His body will remain in state ment's weak point. 'The river front through tomorrow. Funeral serv-l there provides a good landing area. ices will be Friday in Carnegie hall. Death of the crusading rabbi, HAVING WATCHED the succes- congress would authorize a site and sive death -throes of two of theiappr0priate money for the construc- same year_ 250 by 600 Feet As planned by the engineers, the harbor will be about 250 by 600 feet in size, with a long navigation en- trance. The 250-foot breadth will be parallel to the bridge dike. The- entrance will be approxi- mately 900 feet upriver from the Mississippi bridge on the south side who was president of both Jewish the Baltic states, Wiley may permit his all too vivid memories of the past to color his estimate of the present. Here in Washington, at least, there is relatively little fear of extreme Soviet .Measures at the moment. Yet the Background situation is none the less instructive and sig- nificant! '.'Very briefly, an American mis- Lyon. sion has been helping to train the Lj tne Latsch island, eliminating Iranian army for some time, navigation hazards associated on February 1 this year, American tne according to Mr, arms purchased under an Ameri- can credit also began to arrive in ___ __..... Teheran. This American assistancejnarbor" the engineers will dredge a to the Iranians has long been theLrotective subject of a thunderous Soviet cam- paign of propaganda and diploma- To the west and north of the and a half feet above pool level. tic threats. Two main themes have been stressed by the Soviets. First, the American aid to the Iranian army has been ludicrously said to trans- form Iran into an "American base." Second, many references have been made to clause 6 of the Russo- Iranian treaty of 1921. This pro- vides that the Soviets may invade Iran, if a third power attempts to A large parking and storage area will be provided on the east end and about 200 feet up the north side of the harbor. On the south side a road will run to the extremity of the World Jewish Congress, stirred sorrow around the world. A high ranking ministry of nat- ional defense source said the red attacks seemed to be directed at all Nationalist positions on the north bank of the river. There are only a few Nationalist pockets left on the north bank. those with I Earlier Premier Ho Ying-chin whose opinions Wise had some- told the Chinese parliament the times clashed messaged their government had rejected red peace grief and affections. A pioneer of many progressive movements, Wise was a central figure in the long battle for estab- lishment -of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. The blunt, outspoken rabbi also had fought in behalf of civil rights, labor welfare leg- islation, racial equality and world unity. Wise's humanitarian endeavors brought him the respect and ad- miration of Jews and Christians alike. Members of both faiths flocked to his "free at 40 West 68th street, where he held services on Sunday as well as on the Jewish Sabbath. the harbor, away from the parking) and storage area, 1 that lack of ad- the required He established the synagogue in after refusing an offer to rabbi of the Temple wealthiest ing prevents planning for additional! parking and storage space, but in- d that the engineers believe the space provided will be viets have openly menaced the ag-j gression that Wiley fears. j THE SOVIET ambassador at I Teheran, Sadchikov, is pretty (Continued on Page 4, Column ALSOPS Launchlng. Angary, He was educated at the City Col- lege of New York, Columbia uni- versity, Syracuse university and launching ramp, public mooring ISoped of Oregon, His wife, Mrs. Louis Waterman Tne entrance! wufbe nis daugh- the bathhouse road and win go: Government May Cancel Milk Price Drop at Duluth Agriculture department proposes that a sched- uled drop in minimum producer prices of milk in the Superior, Wis., Duluth milk marketing area for the May-August period be cancel- ed. A drop in prices would drive dairymen out of production and cre- ate a shortage of milk in these cities, it said yesterday. Dairymen there were said to have experienced an extreme drought along with some price de- creases from the winter peaks. Lack of rainfall resulted in a hay crop during the 1948 season approximately 30 to 50 per cent of normal. Pastures damaged last year suffered from continued short- age of rainfall during the recent winter and spring months, the de- jter, Mrs. [justice of the court here, a Justine Wise Polier, under the interstate bridge the north shore of the river. Council President William P.i mllies Theurer, indicating his approval and tnelr Amines, the site, declared, "I am in no I tion to criticize the engineers' i i y r. and .Mayor Cy Smith said AQmirai MrK he is "heartily In favor of it." 'However, the mayor and alder- men questioned Mr. Lyon at length domestic relations sister, Mrs. Ella about the city's contribution to the project. He explained partment said. Minimum producer prices in these cities are set by the depart- ment under authority of a feder- al milk marketing order. Under the scheduled drop, pro- ducer prices of class one to meet consumer fluid demands- would go down 40 cents for 100 pounds, or about one cent a quart, for the May-August period, and pri- ces for class two for manufacturing de- crease 25 cents for the same per- iod, Air Reserve Base Oiiit at Milwaukee Milwaukee has eliminated as a site for a proposed Air Force reserve train- ing center. Air Secretary Symington so ad- vised Senator Wiley (R-Wis.) in a letter which the senator made pub- lic today. Symington said the Air Force had determined that exist-, ing and prospective facilities at; Milwaukee "do not meet our imum requirements." i that the federal (Continued on Page 16, Column 4.) U. S. ENGINEERS Deaths of Two Children Probed investigation in- to the deaths of two children of an unemployed roofer and his wife was planned today after the couple was accused of starving a third child. State's Attorney John S. Boyle said he would seek a circuit court order to exhume the bodies of two of the couple's four young children who died in infancy. A corner's jury recommended that the parents, Martin King, 43, and Eileen King, 35, be held for grand jury action on a manslaugh- ter charge, in the death last week of their four-month-old daughter, Kathleen. The jury said that Kathleen's death was "due to starvation, toxic absorption, and bronchial pneumon- ia caused be exposure and lack of which the verdict said re- sulted from neglect by her par- ents. Kathleen's body was found by a health deipartment worker in a crib in the King's apartment. Dr. Harry A. Leon, coroner's physician, said the child weighed five pounds, eight ounces, but she should have weigh- ed 14 or 15 pounds. Coroner A. L. Brodie said he would seek an order for the ex- humation of the bodies of Martin King, who died July 21, 1940, when four months old, and Helen Mary King, who died March 18, when 12 days old. Dr. Herman N. Bundesen, presi- dent of the Chicago board of health, recommended the exhumations. Moscow Ambassador Washington Vice Admiral Alan G. Kirk today was appointed Ambassador to Moscow. proposals in their present form. Ho told the legislators that the communist plan would not provide for lasting peace, a member dis- closed after the secret parliament meeting. The legislator quoted Ho The British Naval sloop Amethyst, above, was sheDed and grounded by Chinese guns as it moved through the Yangtze river between Nanking and Shanghai today. The British destroyer Consort, which went to the aid of the sloop, drew fire from communist shore guns, according to foreign airmen. British quarters in Nanking reported there were 20 casualties aboard the Amethyst. (AP. Wirephoto via radio from London to The Republican-Herald.) Paris Red Peace Meeting Pleads Unity By Carl Hartman Paris A communist-spon- sored world peace conference open- ed here tday with a plea for the formation of peace committees throughout the world to carry out British Destroyer Runs Through Yangtze Shelling guns blazing, the doughty British destroyer Con- sort reached the Yangtze port of Kiangyin late today after a 50-mile duel with communist shore guns along the river. The fight began some 60 miles northeast of Nanking where red shore guns earlier had crippled the British sloop Amethyst. Kiangyin the congress' plans. The French communist atomic as saying the terms were those scientist, Frederic Joliot-Curie, told laid down by a victor. Sister Kenny Yields Control I II f In U. S. Clinic the delegations from 52 na- tions: "We will show the warmongers that they have to reckon with us. We fight this fight with the cer- tainty ofvictory." Joliot-Curie said an atomic war WOUM -n last night urged Truman Urges More to Buy Savings Bonds is some 110 miles down river from Nanking. The sloop suffered heavy casualties in the sudden attack, reported killed or naval attache at Tru- to or other atomic weapons would not be the decisive favor in the fight- ing. He is the head of France's atomic energy commission. put their money into "the safest investment in the world U. S. government bonds. He told a dinner that the bond Minneapolis Sister Eliza- ipickets outside the meeting place beth Kenny, originator of a treat-] and no evidence of any special po- ment for infantile paralysis, today precautions. The anticommu- announced she had relinquished press gave the meeting scant administration of the foundation Sessions are being held in the Salle Pleyel, a big concert ___institute hall was decorated with "the flags of all nations and Unlike a world peace congress cjrjve starting May 16 will help keep held in New York last month, thisune united States a land of oppor- one opened with no anticommunist j tunity. Therefore, he said, it has bearing her name. The foundation operates seven centers in the United States forj treatment of the disease. Sister Kenny has been replaced lbanners m English, French, Span by Dr. E. J. Huenekens, a and Italian reading: "Defend apolis pediatrician who has prac- ticed medicine for 40 years. He is also a clinical professor of pedia- trics at the University of Minnesota medical school. Chief significance of the change, Dr. Huenekens said, is that the foundation "now has medical aus- pices and a change of atmosphere." Sister Kenny is an Australian nurse. She will make her home here where her treatment got its first real recognition by medical men. She will serve as a consultant, but to Luxembourg. At Moscow, Kirk Kirk is being transferred from] only at the request .of Dr. Huene- the ambassadorship to Belgium. He I kens, he said, also has been serving as minister i Sister Kenny said "my mission to the United States has been fulfilled ...___________will succeediin every possible way. That is, my Lieutenant General Walter Bedell! contributions have been investigated Smith who was relieved recently! and evidence of scientists support to take command of the First clinical observations." in New York. Briefly, the Kenny treatment con- The White House announced Pres- sists of attention to other muscles ident Truman's choice of Kirk for of the body as well as those para- the Moscow post. ilyzed. Previous treatment, Dr. Kirk, 60, is a native of Huenekens said, was more concern- phia and now a legal resident of led with the paralyzed muscles. Connecticut. I the peace is the task of all peo- ples" and "Unity for peace is our most sacred duty." Standards, like those at American political conventions, located the seats of, the various delegations. Although the press was barred from the floor of the congress, a simul- taneous translation service, like that used at United Nations ses- sions, was to give the speeches to delegates and newsmen in five lan- guages through headphones at each seat. Joliot-Curie's .appeal for world- wide organization to fulfill the con- gress' aims falls in line with ad- vance announcements that the meeting would found a "rally of peace as a permanent organization to terminate a war if one should start. Austin Taxi Strike Ends Austin, taxi- cabs went back in operation today following settlement of a labor dis- jpute which precipitated an 11-day drivers' strike. The settlement was reached yes- terday during a conference partici- pated in by Mayor M. G. Rolfson and several city council members. The cab operators granted .the workers a guarantee of a week for a 60-hour work week. The driv- ers previously had been guaranteed for a 72-hour week. They had demanded a guarantee for a 48-hour week. Under the agreement the 60 hours will not include time out for meals. Sister Elizabeth Kenny today turned administration of the in- fantile paralysis foundation bearing her name over to Dr. E. J. HuJnekens, left, clinical professor of pediatrics at the University of Minnesota. The Australian nurse will remain at Minneapolis as consultant. Wirephoto to The WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity Mostly cloudy tonight and Thursday with scattered showers Thursday. Con- tinued mild tonight with lowest 42, becoming cooler late Thursday, highest in the afternoon 64. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 63; minimum, 34; noon 62; precipitation, none; sun sets to- Twenty were wounded. The British been appropriately named the "Op- portunity bond drive." "Savings bonds mean more than freedom from financial the President said. "They signify that lie owner is an active participant ,n the affairs of his government, as every citizen should be. "A savings bond is your certificate that you have a share in your coun- try. And when a great many people own those certificates, it makes this nation a better country." The quota for the drive is Judge to Rule On Babich Plea For Sanity Quiz District Judge Harvey Neelen will rule next Tues- day on whether Milton Babich, charged with the first degree mur- der of Patricia Birmingham, should be examined by a psychiatrist. Counsel for the 19-year-old youth asked permission yesterday for the examination. Deputy District Attorney Joseph Tierney objected, saying that if permission were granted the state desired its own psychiatrist present. Judge Neelen instructed both sides to file briefs before he makes a decision. District Attorney William Mc- Cauley says Babich has admitted slaying the 16-year-old girl and then throwing her weighted, body into the Milwaukee river February 10. Two days before the body was recovered, Babich and Patricia's older sister, Kathleen, then 17, were married at Kalamazoo, Mich. said Babich told him he had intended to frighten Patri- cia with a revolver so she would cease making remarks about Kath- leen's pregnancy. He said the wea- pon discharged as she reached for it and his finger struck the trigger. Fergus Falls Voters Reject School Bonds Fergus Falls, Falls voters yesterday rejected pro- posals to acquire a 30-acre school site "and issue in bonds to finance construction of buildings. The question of purchasing the land was defeated by 406 votes. The Nanking was advised the destroyer had arrived at Kiangyin, some 60 miles upstream from Shanghai after holding its own with shore artillery and small arms lining the north bank of the river. Spotted Air Foreign airmen saw the Consort 15 miles down river from Rose is- land, where the Amethyst went aground. Rose island is 60 miles northeast of Nanking and 160 miles upstream from Shanghai. Two more British warships, the cruiser London and the destroyer Black Swan, were reported proceed- ing to the aid of the Consort and the Amethyst. (London reported the cruiser Lon- don still at sea, expecting to reach Shanghai late today.) From the air the observers were unable to spot any activity aboard the grounded Amethyst. Her flags, they said, were still flying. Chinese naval sources, which re- ported 20 casualties aboard the Amethyst to British quarters in Nanking, denied any shots had been fired by Nationalist gunners along the south shore of the river. The airmen said no firing was observed in the vicinity of the Ame- thyst but that smoke was rising from communist positions opposite the island on which the sloop was grounded. Radio Cat Off British sources said the Consort attempted to contact other British warships by radio earlier. Her radio was heard to say: "In view of fire The Consort's radio stopped there. It was possible her antenna was shot away and that shore fire pre- vented crewmen from repairing it. The Amethyst carried a comple- ment of eight officers and 140 men British warships have been plying the Yangtze regularly to Nanking for several months. United States warships have stayed off the river since the civil war lines reached the Yangtze banks. Clocks Slated For Covering At Midnight Uniform Tavern Closing Measure Passed By House St. Paul The house-approved bonus bill still was one committee away from the sen- ate floor today, but sponsors were hopeful 16 could be acted upon fin- ally before midnight. Midnight is the legal deadline for passing bills, though few expect the legislative session to wind up by then. The senate tax committee approv- ed the bonus bill late Tuesday night after adopting only one major amendment. The measure must go Lhrough the finance committee be- fore it is ready for floor considera- tion. The amendment cut the added rate proposed on iron ore occupa- tion and royalty taxes from, one per cent to one-half of one per cent. This would "make the total rate per cent instead of the 12 per cent approved by the house. Headed for Conferees House leaders said they would not accept this change, which means the bill likely will go to con- ference after the senate finishes with it. Meanwhile, the house passed a bill providing for uniform closing hours for liquor and beer establish- ments at 1 a. m. "across the board." The vote was 105 to 14. Large and small communities alike, under the uniform measure which now goes to the senate, would close' at 1 a. m. weekdays and Sat- urday nights. Governor Youngdahl had -recommended closing at mid- night all nights except Saturday when they could remkin open one hour longer in the larger cities. Existing law permits cities of the first St. Paul and cities of the sec- ond St. Cloud and close at 2 a. m. Sat- urday nights. These cities, under the house-approved bill, would close one hour earlier Saturday nights. All other communities presently must shut down at midnight ex- cept on Saturday nights when they can operate until 1 a. m. Colleges Seek Aid Use of income tax funds to help finance costs of the University of Minnesota and teachers' colleges a year recommended by the senate finance committee by a 12 to five vote. The income tax fund at the end of the fiscal year June 30 is ex- pected to have a surplus of about Some house leaders have indicated they may "go along" with the senate proposals. Before sending the bonus bill out, the tax committee rejected two ma- jor attempts to change It. Senator Gerald Mullin of Minnea- polis staged a one-man fight to have the its specific tax pro- to a vote at the 1950 election. He argued that the vote on the was who bonus amendment last fall meaningless because people (Continued on Page 16, Column 2.) LEGISLATURE night at sun rises tomorrowlbond issue proposal lost by 324 votes, A total of votes were at Additional weather on Page 16. cast. Unused Iron Pits Called Safety Risk iron Disability Pay Bill Asked in Wisconsin Madison, one of two proposals for compulsory cash sickness disability insurance mus- tered support at a legislative hear- ing yesterday. A bill offered by Senator Pad- rutt (R-Chippewa calling for a program similar to unemploy- ment compensation, with employes making regular contributions to an insurance fund, would pay benefits up to for a maximum of 14 weeks. George Haberman and George Gratz, of Milwaukee, said that fear nothing more than range, children j workers claimed the i life of Kathy Fiscus, St. Louis county Mining Inspector A. F. Benson, Virginia, warned last night. On recent inspection trips, Ben- son said he has discovered young- sters playing around the old Min- mine, a treacherous spot north of Virginia. Many of fhe old underground drifts cut as far back as 1902 were exposed by war time emergency: open pit mining, Benson said. Chil- dren in the area have now dis- covered this and have been caught poking about the shafts. Timbers in most of the old shafts are so decayed the lightest touch will send hundreds of tons of rock down on anybody playing in the shaft, Benson warned. While the law prescribes that all abandoned mines be fenced in, he said even fences cannot'keep out boys bent on administrative costs would be lower if the state handled the fund than if handled by private insurance car- riers, as outlined in Laird's bill. Laird's proposal calls for maxi- mum payments of 525 for a period of 24 weeis. However, representatives of in- surance firms, doctors and dentists and small and big business lined up against both bills. C. H. Crownhart, secretary of the state medical society, attacked Laird's bill, saying it "would make economic peasants out of our citi- "ens. "It would be the first step to- ward socialization of he warned. Daniel J. McNally, Milwaukee, said he saw a "strong dash of com- pulsion, socialism and :the police state, with .the program arranged in such a way that strike benefits could be drawn." ;