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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 18, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight, Sunday, Not So Cold Sunday River Stage 14-Hour (Flood 13) Today 8.55 .15, Year Ago 17.90 .10 VOLUME 53, NO. 52 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, APRIL 18, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Swift Announces Modernization, Expansion of Packing Plant Here Thii Aerial View of the Swift Co. packing plant along the Mississippi River in the far East End of the city was taken for The Republican-Herald by Air Photos of Fond du Lac, Wis. It shows the layout of the entire plant in relation to the river. The white circle in the upper right is the location of the new sewage screen- ing plant recently completed but not yet in operation and the white triangle in the center of the picture shows the location of an addi- tion to the livestock dressing plant, part of an extensive expan- sion project announced today. Stepped-up Buying Program Foreseen After Construction A modernization construc- tion program at the Winona pack- ing plant of Swift Co., involv- ing an expenditure of well in ex- cess of was announced today by F. C. Booth, manager. This figure does not include cost of a new sewage screening build- ing recently completed to handle j industrial wastes in accordance Legislators Agree On Appropriations F. C. Booth Plant Manager with the code of the Minnesota Department of Health, Division of Water Pollution Control. The improvement program will include: Reconditioning and expansion of the beef, hog and coif coolers to provide much greater storage capacity, thus allowing for stepped- up buying operations of beef cat- tle, hogs and calves. Changing of the refrigeration House, Senate O.K. 2 Bills On School Aid ST. PAUL Two Senate-ap- proved bills resulting from a legal dispute over withholding state aid from schools at Buckman and Pierz were passed by the House Friday night and sent to the gov- ernor for signature. Authored by Sen. Gordon Rosen- meier, Little Falls, the measures require approval of the state com- missioner of education for al! public school contracts for space rentals or transportation of pupils. They also write into law reasons for withholding state aid. Reasons to deny aid include hiring an unqualified teacher, con- tinued performance of a disap- proved contract, and violation of the state constitutional provision prohibiting use of public funds for private school purposes. Appeals from the commissioner's decisions may be taken to the By JACK B. MACKAY ST. PAUL UP) Reconciling their differences over allowances for Minnesota's 19 state institutions, I House and Senate conferees today introduced bills asking appropria- tions totaling A differential between courts. Withholding Aid Rosenmeier had emphasized in arguments before committees and in the Senate that present law Marines Crouch Close to Biggest A-Blast Billion Cut In Arms, Atomic Spending Urged Sen. Ferguson Contends Truman Budget Too High By JACK BELL and ERNEST B. VACCARO WASHINGTON Fergu- son (R-Mich) called today for a six billion dollar cut in arms and atomic spending, amid signs the Eisenhower administration may support a slower buildup of West- ern defense. The proposal by Ferguson, chairman of the Senate armed service appropriations subcommit- tee, came in the face of an asser- tion by Sen. Symington (D-Mo) that U. S. military strength is lagging further behind Russia'.s every day. Attention centered on a speech Secretary of State Dulles will make tonight at 10 p.m., EST, be- fore the American Society of Newspaper Editors. The speech will be broadcast and telecast na- tionally by the American Broad- casting Company, and rebroadcast at 11 p.m., EST, by the National Broadcasting Company. Sen. H. Alexander Smith acting chairman of the Senate For- eign Relations Committee before which Dulles appeared yesterday, quoted him as saying the speech will discuss the rate of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization build- up. Sen. Gillette who also heard Dulles' testimony, said he felt the secretary was considering a possible shift to "the long pull rather than a hurried, extraordi- nary buildup. Russia on Spot After his closed-door meeting with the committee, Dulle.s told newsmen in effect that President .Eisenhower's peace proposals be- fore the editors' society Thursday had put Russia on the spot. 4 Red POW Rioters Slain This Is Freedom Village near Munsan in Korea where repatri- ated U.N. prisoners of war will be taken for initial processing and possible medical aid after their release at Panmunjom. U. S. Army photo via AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) POW Exchanse ins Sunday By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea and Communist staff officers today I agreed tentatively on a time schedule for Monday's historic exchange LAS VEGAS, Nev. move ahead on all fronts, East two hundred Marines crouched in j and West, to develop a strong po- trenches today witnessed the most; sition." spectacular atomic blast of the i The Eisenhower the If there is no prompt response! of disabled prisoners of the Korean War. from Russia, Dulles said, "in a j And they completed arrangements for a meeting of liaison of- great many respects it will be ficers Sunday to set a date for resuming the suspended full scale quite apparent it is necessary to Korean, armistice talks. The tentative schedule calls for the first exchange of sick and wounded prisoners at 9 a.m. Mon- yielded an additional and the Senate conferees came down spring shot that flashed i cold war, disarm the world and j day (6 p.m., Sunday, blinding white then turned a beau-1 invest the savings in combating j five delegates of the U. N.'s tiful rosy orange during an un-1 handed directly to the main truce team were in Korea today. They could be in Panmun- jom, the weathered truce talk vil- lage, in a matter of hours when the fast-breaking developments of the past couple weeks add up to usually long-lingering glow. Kremlin. The State Department SO J. tVUL' Ui-i-itl tlltlHi p a-- ci u- -i T 1_ tv, Hniiw and Senate bills was 'The predawn detonation, first to said a text of the speech was sub- the House and Senate bills was mill to the Soviet Forein Of- Marines maneuvering in j milled to the Soviet Foreign Of- arnes resolved when the House group heljcopters was set off from a fice in Moscow Thursday night. 300-foot tower. American envoys in some 70 for- Ground Troops eign capitals acted similarly. j a caji t0 reopen the stalled talks. After the explosion the ground Symington told the editors' so- Lt Gen wmiam K Harrison, MX :_- ii. iitiiiiijuii, An allowance of 000 for each troops, from Camp Pendleton, j ciety yesterday that even if .the fa d th u N delegation, and An allowance ol tor eacn Calif and Camp N defense budget is not reduced, the i Ajr Force Bri Gen Edgar Gjenn year of the next bienmum was up and advanced in a U. S. will continue to grow "weak-1 another member flew here from granted to adjust salaries of guards tactical exercise toward a mock er ever day in relative military j Ja todav at Stillwater Prison and the St. j enemy. Their trenches were 1 strength against Russia. Cloud Reformatory. Prison guards had demanded yards from ground zero. He said he hopes the Eisenhow- Leap-frogging over them eamejer administration does not invite 200 more Marines in 40 I possible military disaster by Harrison Comes Harrison came to observe the exchange of sick and wounded j iUU 111U1 e J.flai llico nit TV Ljjivui'juj i across the board increases. helicoDters applying vertical en- adopting a "price-tag policy" on POWs, set to begin at Panmun- Following are the two principal I veiopment tactics, similar to those j arms spending. _ h" allowances for each institution. The j carriecj out in World War II by Reds Building Stock Pile first figure is for current ex- j gliders and paratroops. .__ "Someday, and now by no means penses for the fiscal year 1953-54, six Marmes and six soldiers rode in the distant Symington and the second item for 1954-55. out the blast in trenches well in j said, "the Russians will have that The third amount listed is for 1953-1 advance 01- the body of! number of bombs they consider __j .u. i Authorities would not dis- enough. They already have the air 54 salaries and the fourth item covers that figure for 1954-55: close their distance from the blast. f, fT 'i 1 V.1UBC UlltJl AiWJil Fergus Falls State Hospital -1 Nine voiunteers were stationed lift and submarine lift necessary to deliver them." nf.n n f IllllC V UiUil LCCi V> VY J LW i ill and and 2 500 vards from ar0wd zero in a But Ferguson, in an it from day to day, previous test. I said he is convinced the 46Vi fail- Already at Anoka State Hospital The commander Brig lion dollar military program pro- 178 and and Qen william c Bullock, said posed fay former President Tru- man can be heavily slashed with- v i i there were no casualties. Sei I The briUiant flash was seen in out reducing combat strength. ana Lfls 250 mjies awayi as Hastings State Hospital 932 and and 412. Moose Lake State Hospital the entire sky. ives no authority to the commis- I and and sioner for withholding aid. He Observers at this resort commu-j J5 Q00 Payroll of j nity, 75 miles from the Yucca Flat I i r- shock wave Minneapolis rirm the blast, overhead coil lofts drafted and introduced the bills to i Sandstone State Hospital 10Ils clarify powers of tne education 762 and and to individual unit coolers. Renovation of the entire plant electrical system and installation of new transformers, Construction of an addition to the livestock dressing building to provide more space for the hog, calf and cattle dressing facilities. (The two-story addition will in- board and the commissioner. 1176, sixth of the .spring test scries. I jom Monday, and to be briefed on latest developments. Harrison told newsmen he has no objection to talking truce with the Reds in Panmunjom even while an exchange of disabled prisoners goes on only a few yards from the conference hut. He would make no predictions. "I just play he said, vance truce headquarters of the U. N. Com- mand is a third team member, Rear Adm. John C. Daniel. He will head the liaison group that will meet the Communists at Pan- munjom Sunday and discuss reopening the full scale talks. The two other, truce delegates are at Army posts in, Korea but only a few minutes by small plane fi'om the armistice site. MINNEAPOLIS A masked) The exchange timetable for'Mon- I Masked Gunman Grabs Ninety five planes including 12 1 gunman grabbed the payroll [day offered by Red staff officers Ninetj tne planes, including Iron wire Co_ in today start Operation Little crease present facilities by about I school classrooms. board denied in state i Willmar State .Hospital _ aid to consolidated District 6 in i 536 and and Morrison County, which includes '928- TT Pierz and Buckman, on Aug. St. 1952 for the fiscal year 1950-51. The board held that religious teaching was conducted in those public giant B50 jet bombers, were in air over the test site on various i North Minneapolis Friday. Roland D. Demeules, 52, treas-1 Sunday, j Switch at 9 a.m. Monday (6 p.m. 25 per cent-) Installation of new conveyors of the latest design, stainless steel tables, electric hoists, cradles, new- hog cleaning polishing machines and other modern equipment. 25th Anniversary The program, said Mr. Booth, coincides with the anniversary of Swift's Co. in Winona. The plant was purchased from the In- terstate Packing Co. in June. 1928. "Swift Co. has unqualified faith Rosenmeier challenged the board's decision in the courts as attorney for the district. The mat- ter now is pending in Ramsey County District Court. The House also passed a bill that would yield about added tax collections from iron ore the next two years. The measure cuts the amount of labor credits now allowed mining firms. Quick ap- proval is expected in the Senate. One-half the revenue from this in the future of Mr. j tax goes into Ihe ssneral. revenue Booth said. "Our improvement fund, the balance into the perma- program is the best way we know j nent trust funds, to demonstrate our great respect The bill was passed unanimously for the history of the plant and j after liberals and conservatives our confidence in Winona and its j joined in supporting it. great surrounding agricultural Contracts call for the completion Canadians Found of exterior work by Aug. 1 nf OT 492 and and Minnesota School and Colony, j Faribault and 590; and Braille and Sightsaving School, Faribault and and School for Deaf, Faribault 135 and and 585. Cambridge State School and Hos- pital and 814 and Shakopee Reformatory for Wo- men and and St. Cloud Reformatory 656 and and 565. Prison and and ML Navv nroDeller-driveri !urer for the firm- nad Just returned I CoL Douglas M. Cairns, U. N. which was PtoPhave from a bank with the money when staff officer, said the proposed "appeared reasonable the balance of the program by Nov. 1. Operations as near normal as possible will be continued through- out the construction period. Contractors Named General contract for the two- story addition to the present five- story livestock dressing building has "been let to WMC, Inc., of Wi- (Continued on Page 3, Column 2) SWIFT Gillette Hospital, St. Paul 132 and and 839, Owatonna School and Colony and and Sauk Centre Home for Children BUFFALO, N. Y. jury Fri- and and day night found two young Cana- dians guilty of first-degree murder in the holdup slaying of a Buffalo jeweler. The jury did not recommend mercy. That made the death penal- ty mandatory for Maurice (Digger) O'Dell, 27, and Walter F. Griffith, 26, both of Hamilton, Ont. Shakopee Children's Home 017 and and 709. Division of Public Institutions and and research and training program 000 arid holdup man appeared. He de- times told the Reds, "We would like to Today's Bright Atomic Flash lit up the sky northwest of Las Vegas as patrons of downtown gambling places paused to watch the sixth test of the spring series. Marines participated in to- day's test, flying into the blast area in helicopters shortly after the bomb was fired and crouching low in trenches near the detonation site. (AP Wire- photo to The Eepublican-Herald) Astin Stays On Temporarily As Standards Chief By EDWARD LE BRETON WASHINGTON Allen V. Astin remains temporarily director of the National Bureau of Stand- ards, with assurances of continued government employment and re- gard for his professional ability and integrity. Astin's resignation, forced by Secretary of Commerce Weeks in a row over the bureau's adverse report on a powder to rejuvenate batteries, was to have become effective today. 45 More Men Wounded on Yoncho Island No U.N. Guards Seriously Hurt Quelling Flareup PUSAN, Korea guards armed with shotguns killed four Communist prisoners and wounded 45 in putting down a bloody riot by chanting, rock throwing captives on Yoncho Island Friday afternoon, the U. N. Prisoner of War Com- mand announced. No U, N. security personnel were seriously hurt, Yoncho is near Koje Island off the tip of South Korea. The POW Command said the incident began when prisoners lined up in a stockade for a routine inspection refused to allow the compound commander to inspect the barracks. Barricade Selves Defiant prisoners barricaded themselves in their quarters. Allied guards threw concussion grenades to break down the barri- cades and non-toxic irritants to force the prisoners out cf doors. At an apparently pre-arranged signal, the command said, pris- oners in seven neighboring com- pounds poured out of their bar- racks to stage a shouting, chant- ing, rock-throwing demonstration. The mutineers in the original stockade soon charged out of their quarters in a mob assault backed by a shower of stones. Break Up Attack The U. N. guards again tried to stop the rioters with non-toxio agents but failed. The guards -then opened fire with shotguns "to break up the concerted attack and to prevent the prisoners from grabbing the the com- mand announced. This stopped rioters and order was restored. Guards also used shotguns In four neighboring compounds when prisoners there kept hurling stonei at the security forces, the com- mand said. The command said the were "die-hard Communist prison- ers of war." Wife of Air Force Officer Held on Smuggling Charge Weeks announced that: 1. Astin will remain as director for several months while a special scientific committee evaluates "the present functions and operations of the Bureau of Standards in rela- tion to present national needs." 2. "No question is involved of Dr. Astin's permanent retention" Tague. a former U. S. Air Force cglonel, is being held today in a Paris jail on a charge of complic- ity in an attempt to smuggle forged She was arrested at nearby St. Germain along with Jaime Bally, 34, of Tangiers, and Jean Fradeli- ur. ASUII s permanent ICLCIIUUII who as bureau director, but he will be photographer, jno offered a post in his present grade "where his professional skill and abilities may be utilized." Until Acted Until Weeks the ad- vice, he said, of the bureau's Visit- ing Committee of were accused of counterfeiting. The arrests were ordered by a Paris magistrate following infor- mation given the court by a Span- ish detective for the Bank of Spain. Teague, who has been in busi- ness in Tangiers, has parents living in Beloit, Wis. storm of protest over Astin's dis-j Mrs. Teague was charged with missal had been building up in riding from France to Spain in an scientific circles and in Congress, j automobile with Bally when he There were reports from within i tried to dispose of about in allegedly forged Spanish pesetas. French law provides for a max- imum penalty of life imprisonment at hard labor for counterfeiting. Two years ago, Robert Lonergan, a British subject, was sentenced to three years in prison for theft worth of jewels from a hotel room in Cannes occupied by Mrs. Teague. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair to- night and Sunday, Continued cold tonight. Not quite so cold Sunday. Low tonight 25, high Sunday 42. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 40; minimum, 22; noon, 33; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 36 at p. m. Fri- day, Min. 24 at a. m. today. Noon readings Sky overcast at feet, visibility 15 miles, tem- perature 35, wind 25 miles per hour with gusts up to 38, baro- meter 30.01 steady, humidity 54 per cent. the bureau that several hundred employes were ready to resign. The bureau, the government's main testing agency, handles many top secret defense projects. Astin said in a statement that Weeks had ordered studies of the bureau's operations by a commit- tee of the National Academy of Sciences and of the battery addi- tive tests by a special committee of the academy. The director said this was in accordance with his recommendations. He added that Weeks had asked him to stay on as director while the tests were in progress. He said similar requests had been made by members of Congress, individual scientists and organizations and the visiting committee. Agreeing to stay, Astin said: "The professional integrity of the bureau and my own integrity and competence have during .recent weeks seemed to be in qustion, I am gratified that the secretary has seen fit to .reassure me and the bureau on these particular points." Astin has been on the bureau staff since 1932 and, during World War II, was decorated for his work on proximity fuses. Weeks said in a statement that his differences with Astin were administrative and he never ques- tioned Astin's or the bureau's in- tegrity. ;