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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 18, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Generally Fair, Continued M'rld Tonight, Saturday VOLUME 52, NO. 53 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL t8, River Stage 24-Hour Change (Flood Stage 13) Today 17.70 .20 Year Ago 17.40 .26 EIGHTEEN PAGES WHAT I LEARNED IN WASHINGTON Congress Doesn't Want Cleanup (Editor's note: On Feb. 1 Newbold Morris of New York City was sworn in as- a special assistant U.S Attorney General to clean up corruption in Washington. After two months m office he was fired by Attorney General J. Howard McGrath. (Three hours later, President Truman fired Mr. McGratti. (In "What I Learned in Mr. Morris, m an exclusive interview, tells in his revealing story what he describes as "vicious undercurrents double-talk, broken promises and leaderless gov- ernment, which combine to protect officials from investigation Mr. Morris' story will be presented in several installments, of which this is the first.) By NEWBOLD MORRJS As told to Staff Writer Murray Davis I found the federal government in Washington a wonderland. I found there are people on the federal payroll who have worked only a half hour in six months. I found that Attorney General McGrath resented the investigation of the federal_ government just as soon as he learned that I meant business. I found out that those who say I'm a political dope are right. I could have gone down there and sat around, making just enough little noises to remind the important ones why I was wound up with a federal judgeship. I'm going to continue being my kind of a poli- tical dope. I found out that lip service is readily obtained in Washington. Promises are made easily and broken just as easily. Investi- gations will be boycotted in Wash- ington just as long as Cabinet members feel free to ignore Presidential orders. J. Edgar Hoover's FBI files al- ready are well loaded with dead that should be, but probably never will be, brought out for grand jury action. This is not Mr, Hoover's fault. He knows all about these bodies, but the head of the FBI has no subpoena powers. He simply can gather facts. He delivers the facts and then they are buried. I found out that is the way things are done in Washington. Investigation Needed I am emphasizing this because James P. McGranery, the new At- torney General, apparently doesn't know what I neither he nor.Edgar Hoover can do what my mission was supposed to ac- complish, even if they were of a mind to attempt it. The whole setup in Washington cries for investigation. There is no department dedicated to checking up on governmental departments: TODAY Taft, Ike Near Tie To Date By JOSEPH AND STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON With the New Jersey primary, the pre-conven- tion struggle has at least passed the halfway minor bless- ing to be thankful for. Gen Dwight D. Eisenhower has rounded the turn with a big surge forward, but it is extremely important to note that Sen. Robert A. Taft is still running steadily and still running hard. The comparative positions of the two contenders are best judged on the face of the figures. Some weeks ago, Taft headquarters admitted a confidential estimate of the sena- tor's potential strength at the Re- publican convention. According to this tabulation, it was hoped that the Ohio senator would go out to Chicago with a minimum of 653 delegates, overt and concealed. Certain states, like Michigan, were considered too uncertain for inclusion. Nonetheless, 653 votes on the first ballot would surely be enough to give Sen. Taft the quick victory toward which his strategy has always been aimed. In the weeks since this estimate of his strength was made Sen. Taft, however, has run a muqh slower race than originally forecast. The biggest setback occurred in Maryland, where Taft forces count- ed on the support of Gov, Theodore R. McKeldin, who has now an- nounced for Gen. Eisenhower. Des- Such a department is badly need- 1 wide Workers Holding Dikes In Omaha Area River Up to 30.15 From Flood Level Reading of 19 By DON WHITEHEAD OMAHA mad Missouri squeezed its flood-swollen crest into the narrow Omaha-Council Bluffs levee channel today and an army of workers battled to hold the great river in its strait-jacket of dikes. The critical hours began before dawn when the slow-moving flood crest began surging into the seven- mile long funnel of sodden dikes protecting the lowlands of the twin cities of Omaha and Council Bluffs, Iowa. All night long soldiers and civil- ian than of under floodlights on the dikes here and on levees down- stream where the rising waters are expected to smash through almost every farm dike all the way to Kansas City. Volunteers Aid Doctors, lawyers, business exec- utives, students, newspaper- men and other volunteers took their turn heaving sandbags on the dikes to strengthen them against the most awesome floods the Missouri Valley has ever known. The river crept to 30.15 feet early today. Flood level is 19 feet and the highest flood ever before re- corded was 24.6 feet back in 1881. The great battle was to get the crest of the river safely past the narrow Omaha channel through which the water is flowing at the fantastic rate of 256 billion gallons per day. North of Omaha, the Missouri sprawls across the farmland for as much as 15 miles. Little ham- lets are inundated and farm build- ings stand with only their roofs showing in the vast and lonely wil- derness from which all living things have fled. 10 Miles Wide For 50 miles upstream, the river averages 10 miles in feet. But in the narrowest part of the Omaha-Council Bluffs channel the funnel is only feet ed. the musl be passed through this slender bottleneck be- pite the grumbling of the Ohio sen- "can ousiness. n is just piain DUM- ator's friends, there is very little i "ess and some of it has the look of doubt indeed that Gov. McKeldin being monkey business. has the power to take his state's! Because of this. I think that all 24 votes into the Eisenhower camp. I correspondence between Senators --..J and Ppnrpspntatives with financial This is because the Congress fore danger is past, leaders don't want too much check-1 xhere was no wall of water or ing up. That was evident when they battering waves The river crest refused to grant me the power of subpoena the tool to do the job. I was told by a friendly Sen- ator who wanted to help me, "They don't want these inves- tigations. They jast want to keep these clouds going back and forth. People don't know what's going on. And they don't want to let the people have the facts." One reason for this state of af- fairs is that people who go into politics generally are in business. And it isn't Democratic or Repub- lican business. It is just plain busi- In other states. Sen. Taft has had some ups, as in Nebraska and Illi- nois, and some downs, as in New and Representatives with financial agencies, such as the RFC, the FHA, the Commodity Credit ilWOi aiiw owtiivwwviiiiJ, ui_ -i Jersey and New Hampshire. Over Corp., and others should be avail- all, the best estimate now gives able on demand. I think there is a Taft 208 delegates, but if he had great need for an independent done as well as previously expect study and review of such corre- ed, he would have slightly'over 250. spondence. It is bad weakness in any racer What I was setting out to do was to travel about 20 per cent less fast than his planned speed. On the other hand, the senator is still a most firmidable contender. This is best illustrated, curiously enough, by a somewhat more recent con- fidential tabulation of Gen, Eisen- hower's strength, prepared by the Eisenhower high command. This Eisenhower forecast shows the general with approximately 520 delegates on the first ballot, with about 350 for Sen. Taft. These fig- ures reflect considerable hope, as well as many solid promises. For example, in the always dubious South, the Eisenhower hiph com- mand claims substantially larger inroads into normal party strength than one could like to bet on at this writing. If you adjust Uie Eisenhower estimate by writing down the more obviously optimistic claims, you reach the conclusion that the gen- eral and the senator are going into the convention with almost equal blocks of delegates. Each block ought to be between 450 and 500, out of the total. To be sure, this is only the out- look as of now. Sen. Taft, for ex- ample, may benefit unexpectedly by the withdrawal of Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois from the Dem- ocratic contest. Stevenson's with- drawal is bound to sow confusion among the Democrats. And the Republican professional politicians, encouraged by the disorders among their enemies, will be more in- clined to gamble on naming Sen. Taft. By the same token, the whole picture can be radically altered if Gov. John S. Fine, of Pennsylvania, decides to declare himself. Fine controls the largest block of his state's seventy votes, of which Sen. Taft's forces claim 40. If the Penn- sylvania governor plumps for Ei- senhower, he could start a band- wagon rush, which would in turn (Continued on Page 13, Column 4.) ALSO PS something new. And they didn't like it, for they have had a nice (Continued on Page 13, Column S.) MORRIS was a monstrous, creeping thing that moved slowly and with tre- mendous power. It strained against the dikes here with a pressure of more than pounds per square foot. Through the night workers rushed sandbags to weak points. The water crept to the top of the levees at some points and then splashed against the boards built to hold back the top few inches of the river's crest. Find Sandboils Water oozed through soggy levees and through spongy earth beneath them as danger signals. Levee pa- trols sent workers into these points as quickly as they were spotted. Lt. Gen. Lewis A. Pick, chief of the U. S. Army Engineers, told re- porters he believed the levees here would hold. "If we can control the sandboil areas, he said, "we'll win the fight." Sandboils are caused by the river pressure forcing water through sandy strata beneath the dikes. If uncontrolled, these could develop into'tunnels through which the wa- ter would pour in a torrent that would collapse the dike. Wearing An Old GI Cap, a raincoat and a pair of muddy boots, Pat Murphy, 23-year-old medical student at Creighton University rests on a pile of dirt as she takes a break while working on the levee last night. In the background a man lies on a pile of sand- bags to relax. Volunteers manned the weak points along the dikes throughout the night in an effort to stave off the waters of the flooding Missouri River. (AP Wirepboto to The Republican-Herald) Plane With 28 Aboard Crashes LOS ANGELES rancher who found a crashed two-engine plane today carrying 28 reported that "all were dead." Sheriffs officers said a rancher located the ship, missing mor' than six hours, and said it was "down and burning." Ike Backers Ask Big Vote in Pennsylvania By CHARLES WELSH PHILADELPHIA ffl Republi- can backers of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower whooped up today a final "get out the Ike vote" drive for Tuesday's Pennsylvania pri- mary election. In stark contrast, with the pri- mary helping choose most of the members of the third largest dele- gation to the GOP National Con- vention, Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio asked specifically that voters not vote for him. They could, by writing in his name. And on the Democratic side of the election, no concerted effort of any kind was being made to ob- tain write-in votes for any of the party's possible nominees. Result Not Binding The primary, under Pennsylvan- ia law, offers voters an opportunity to voluntarily express their prefer- ence for presidential .candidates. But the result is not binding in any way on the convention delegations. Sen. Taft, in his statement in Washington, called attention to this. He said he did not enter his name in Pennsylvania "because that primary has never had the slightest influence on the delegates selected from Pennsylvania." Nevertheless, the Eisenhower backers went ahead full steam with a final whoop-la splurge on their campaign that has been growing more intense month by month. Paul Hoffman, Eisenhower national chairman, and Sen. James H. Duff two of the top leaders in the-drive to nominate the retiring NATO commander, were scheduled to speak tonight at an Eisenhower rally here. Workers Active Campaign workers were ready in almost all the state's 67 counties to open a telephone drive to en- courage Eisenhower votes in what promises to be, generally, a list- less election. Only the names of Eisenhower and Harold E. Stassen will be on the state-wide Republican prefer- ence ballot. There will be no names on the Democratic ballot. To be elected are 60 convention delegates in each party, two from each of the state's 30 congressional districts. Republicans have elected 10 delegates at large; Democrats 20 at large who will have one-half vote each. Gov. John S. Fine and most of the GOP leadership have said open- ly and often that the convention delegation will be uninstructed and unpledged. Democratic leaders have taken a similar position. Dry Air Taking Up More Moisture, Cuts Down Flood By The Associated Press The swollen Mississippi River reached its highest peak since 1880 at La Crosse last and greater torrents are coming. But improved and bolstered dikes have prevented thus far the ex- tensive damage of last year when the flood waters were lower. La Crosse residents also could take heart in the reduced flood crest prediction from A. D. Sanial, federal meteorologist. He said yes- terday the crest Sunday would be 15.7 feet. The original crest pre- diction was 16 feet. He explained that the dry air is taking up a lot of moisture and is slowing down the river's rise "at a terrific rate." Last year's flood, the worst since the all-time record high of feet in June of 1880, hit 14.9 feet. Downstream at Prairie du Chien, bordered on three sides by the Mississippi, the river level was 19.1 feet last night. Flood stage is 18 feet. A crest of 21 feet is- expected Wednesday. The Red Cross estimated yester- day that 950 Wisconsin families have been affected by the flood. Flood Editions The Republican-Herald has printed a limited number of additional copies of the paper containing the story of Winc- na's "greatest flood." These papers may be pur- chased at The Republican- Herald office, already wrapped for mailing. ow Mississippi Near Peak Stage Another Trick Of The Flood-Fighting trade was unveiled Thursday afternoon on the city's North Western Railway dike structure. Workmen are pictured laying a weighted plastic "blanket" on the water side of the dike. Purpose of the plastic sheeting is to reduce the water's errosive action against the sand between sand- bags, especially in case of high winds. Republican-Herald photo Son Never Abducted Jeweler Pays In Phony Kidnaping MIAMI, Fla. wealthy Miami jeweler paid for return of his 6-year-old son yesterday in what police called a phony kidnaping. Daniel Richter was. duped into paying in jewels and cash in what police said was "one of the cleverest and most perfectly timed" extortions in memory. The boy, Richard, was never ac- tually kidnaped, police said, al- though Richter was convinced he was buying his son's safe return. While police and the FBI mar- shaled forces to meet what they thought was a genuine kidnaping, the child was riding in a taxicab from a private school at Miami Beach to Doctor's Hospital in Coral Gables, a distance of about 12 miles. Police said the plotters used the school, the taxi company and the hospital as unwilling dupes in their j shakedown. Reconstruct Crime As police reconstructed the crime, it happened this way: A man who said he was "Dr. Henderson" called the Yellow Cab Co. at Miami Beach and asked them to pick up Ricky Richter at Coburn School and drive him to the hospital, purportedly to be with his "gravely ill" mother. Almost simultaneously, a wom- an's voice called the school au- thorities and said a taxi would arrive soon to pick up the boy. Cab driver Bert Walowitz, 24, was sent to the school and picked up the boy. One member of the gang must have watched him be- cause a telephone call then went to the father's office in downtown Miami. The1 caller told Daniel Richter he had Ricky in his custody and that no harm would come to the child if the father co-operated. "He said, "This is purely a busi- ness deal and will require in diamonds and in cash for you to get your Richter reported. boy DAN RICHTER Jewelry Store, his phone rang again. "He gave me instructions to take the jewels and money to a phone booth in the Ponce de Leon Richter related. "I told him the most I could raise was about 000 in jewels and in cash. He said that would do." Richter went to the hotel and waited in the booth. Apparently while the detectives watched one'phone booth, one of the extortionists slipped into the other, around a corner, and took th key. When police reinforcements ar- 4C1JLCJ The caller warned Richter the rived, the key was gone, the locker uraay it. boy's life would be in danger if police were notified, and gave him five minutes to verify the story. was open and the key was in it, still sticky with chewing gum. About the time Richter returned Bichter quickly called the to his store, a puzzled doctor at learned his son was gone, then de- i the hospital called and asked if cided to notify police. While detec- he had a son, Ricky. The boy was tives M. H. Wiggins and A. at the hospital and the cab driver Taunton were en route tp Eichter's was waiting for his fare. 232 Rebellious Prisoners Take Over Dormitory RAHWAY, N. J. 05V-A group of 232 rebellious prisoners took over a dormitory wing of the Rahway State Prison Farm and held nine guards captive today after a night of rioting. State officials said the outbreak was staged in sympathy with a four-day revolt of 69 convicts who have barricaded themselves in the print shop at Trenton State Prison, holding three prison employes a? hostages. The Trenton convicts are de- manding the ouster of Warden Wil- liam H. Carty and an investigation of the prison. They released one ill hostage last night and arranged a mediation meeting with prison of- ficials for today. The Rahway rioters made a sim- ilar request for a prison probe early today after a wild outburst of breaking windows, beds and fur- niture in the dormitory wing. Fifth In 3 Weeks The rioting started about 9 p. m. last night after an earlier report of "noisy and unruly" activities in the wing during the afternoon. It was the fifth prison disturbance in New Jersey in the last three weeks. The two-story dormitory wing houses 350 inmates, with nine guards stationed on each of the floors. When the outbreak started, guards managed U> remove 118 men before the others barricaded the entrances, trapping nine guards on the second floor. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair and continued mild tonight and Saturday. Low tonight 45, high Sat- LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 70; minimum, 42; noon, 66; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at weather on page 15. Forecast Says Less Than Two More Inches River May Exceed Its Flood Stage Until About May 1 By FRED LEIGHTON Republican-Herald Staff Writer Flood-threatened Winona slept safely and soundly Thursday night as the great- est volume of Mississippi Riv- er water in recorded history flowed menacingly past its frontdoor. All dikes are holding, and cautious optimism is in the air everywhere. Far from _spent in its rec- ord shattering springtime rampage, however, the mighty riv- er rose 2.4 inches overnight and edged up this morning to inches higher than the river has ever flowed before. And it's still rising. Late Thursday, a special team of the U. S. Geological Survey, St. Paul, revealed water is flowing past the city at the rate of cubic feet per second, approxi- mately 17 times the flow the river accommodates at its normal stage of 5.6 feet. A. D. Sanial, La Crosse meteor- ologist, said this morning, "The flood picture at Winona is possibly a little brighter today. The stage is 17.7 feet. It will rise to 17.8 and possibly to 17.85 and crest Sunday morning." That would be from one to two inches more. Sanial said the river will hold its crest for 24-30 hours it will begin to show a gradual tapering off." How Long to Recede? How long it will take the river to recede within its banks will de- pend upon whether the area re- ceives unusually heavy rainfall, Sanial indicated, but he added the river will "return to its banks in about 12 days under normal condi- tions." This means the Mississippi River at Winona will shrink back under its flood stage of 13 feet May 1. City Engineer W. 0. Cribbi declared flatly, "The situation is still very dangerous and we are proceeding with tht ut- most caution. Tht dikes are holding. We 52 men on the North Western dike and six men on each of the other doing nothing but watching for leaks and excessive seepage." At the same time City Street Commissioner Thomas Gile reveal- ed 125 men are working today- part of them on patrol, the balance standing by to answer emergency calls at a moment's notice. Ten heavy trucks are loaded with fill or sandbags and ready to answer any call. Eleven shovels or drag- lines are on call. Fleets of addi- tional trucks are available. Reviewing the work done In holding back the flooding river, Cribbs said this morning, "I think it it time to say that I feel I've been given too much credit for this thing. I have had wonderful co-operation from everyone contractors, business people, city officials, all the fine workers, the young men and scores of volunteers. This it not a one-man job. Without this cooperation you don't get anything done." Cribbs gave an engineer's praises to city officials and the City Coun- cil. "If we he observ- ed, "a large part of our success is due to the farsightedness of the City Council. Without their go- ahead last year on flood prepara- tions and their complete co-opera- tion on all projects throughout this emergency we simply could not do the job." Problem of Seepage As the dikes continued to hold and engineering and street'.depart- ment personnel consolidated their positions all along the the city engineer turned his attention in- creasingly today to problems of seepage. Again he warned exten- sive business and residential seep- age is expected at low points where seeping waters are not al- ready a problem. Seepage pumps were in extensive use on the city's north side while ground water wai becoming a greater concern by the boar in the Lake Wmona area. Chief Draftsman Ralph Ixrininger jsaid the lake level rose again near- ly .1 of a foot to 8.38 feet-9.32 feet below the river's level across the heart of the city. The (Continued en Page Column I.) FLOOD ;