Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 18, 1947, Winona, Minnesota
w EATHER Cloudr tonlxht ,nd no Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations L IFE OF FORD Intimate Story of Famed Auto Pioneer SUirtH Tomorrow VOLUME 47. NO. 52 WINONA. MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 18. 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FOURTEEN PAGES British Blow Up Helgoland Naval Base U.S. House Votes Labor Curbs, 309-107 Majority Big Enough to Override Veto Measure Sent to Senate for Final Decision BULLETIN St. senate to- day rcpajised and sent to the governor for his signature a bill to outlaw the .secondary boycott. The votr was 45 to M. In its flnaJ form the bill makes it un- lawful to mease In certain ac- tivities, commonly referred to as secondary boycott, to the detriment of the business of an employer with whom no labor dispute exists. By Marvin L. Arrow-smith Washington The House labor bill, laced with tight check- reins on unions and backed by more than enough votes to override a presidential veto- landed In the Senate today. The Senate expects to start de- bate next Wednesday on its own bill which lacks many of the union curbs the House voted, A big Job In Ironing out differ- ences when the bills go to a con- lerence commUtec, perhaps late this month, is Indicated. The House passed its bill late yesterday by a lop-sided roll call vote of 308 to 107. A powerful coali- tion of Republicans and southern Democrats pushed it through, after] rejecting nil amendments to tone) it down. Senate Bill Advanced This Picture Of The Blast which wrecked a large portion of Texas City, Texas, was made from Gaiveston bay as smoke from the first explosion mushroomed skyward. The picture, made by a Kings- vlllc, Texas, student, bears out descriptions of the blast which likened it to the atom bomb test at Bikini, (A.P. Wlrephoto.) Price Reductions Possible Without Loss, Taft Thinks Carley Blasts Slots Tax Ban Resolution Denies Youngdahl Charges .of Holding TT 'and answer session between mem- Up Antl-olOtS WOrKibers of the American Society of Robert Taft (R.-Ohio) added weight to the drive against inflated living costs today with an assertion that many companies could "reduce prices with- out sacrificing a reasonable profit." The Ohioan, who is chairman of the Senate G.O.P. policy committee, gave this opinion during a question St. James Car- ley of Plainvlew today blasted a resolution which would ask Congress to prohibit federal taxing ot slot machines in Minnesota and other states whore they have been ruled llcgal as "another step in the pro- gram to influence the legislature." Carley spoke before a senate tax committee meeting considering that resolution and hearings on the bill, vhich. would boost the state liquor tax from SI to S2.50 a gallon. (Newspaper Editors and seven sena- tors and representatives. Representative Jess P. Wolcott chairman of the House banking committee, also expressed hope that "We arc approaching the time when all prices, including rents when we have saturated the market with houses, are coming down." Taft Gets Most Questions likely as not" to sign the final ver- sion of union-curbinu legislation pending in Congress. "Nor can we say, if a fair bill fc worked out between the Senate and House, that Congress cannot pass it even if the President docs veto Tart said, referring to the fact that it takes a two-thirds majority in both houses to override a veto. Rent Control Bill A rent control bill removing all restrictions from building construc- tion and exempting new homes from rent ceilings will be reported to the House next week, Wolcott informed the A.S.N.E. session. He predicted that the measure will "relieve the housing shortage and encourage the construction industry I at a time when the country is reach- President Truman has said re- ing the saturation point in the mnn- peatedly that prices should be cut. He added at his press conference last Thursday that unless this 'is done workers will be justified in ask- inp; higher wages. ufacture of goods of many kinds." In this way, he said, the bill will serve to minimize any. recession which may be anticipated this fall. When nn editor raised the qucs- "I have been accused by the questions from the more than 400 Tart, who received the lion's sharejUon, "How arc people going to buy Texas City Crisis Over, But Oil Fires Roar On While this was happening, the Senate committee voted, 11 to two, approval of Its legislation. Senators Pepper (D.-Pla.) and Murray (D.- Mont.) dissented after playing a ma role In a rewrite job stripped the bill ot several proposed curbs on union activities. In some respects the House bill and the Senate committee measure are like. Both would: Ban the clewed shop, permit tbo more common union nhop, authorize court Injunctions to top or block "national para- net up a new federal mediation Agency, and make unions liable for unfair labor There the parallel on major provisions stops short. The House bill but not the Senate's, would: 3. Outlaw Jurlsdlctionnl strikes secondary boycotts. (The Senate bill procedure on Kuch strikes and boycotts Is to make them unfair labor 2. Ban Industry-wide bargaining, but not company-wide agreements, In nearly all cases. 3. Rule out mass picketing violence In picketing, 4. Authorize expulsion of com- munists from union membership. 5. Prohibit the Involuntary check- off system of collecting union dues. C. Outlaw health and welfare funds administered solely by unions, 7. Prohibit any federal employe from striking or encouraging a strike. May Co Too Far Senator Smith (Ft.-N. a mem- ber of the Senate labor committee, a reporter he believes "The House may have gone too far." He added: "The problem can't bo solved by drar.tlc or punitive legislation. In the Senate committee, we have tried to make our bill corrective of outstanding evils. We have tried arishoners Raise Fund for Pastor's Crippled Daughter New TJIm Carol Klrgiss celebrated her 18th birthday In a wheel chair Thursday, hopeful that she might some day be able to walk after parishioners at .thc-EvaoeeHc- fil and United Brethren cbofch. of which her lather, the Rev. Qeorgo Klrgiss, is pastor, notified the girl Texas City, Texas (fP) Hamcs roared on for the third day on the industrial edge of this explosion- smashed gulf port today, but Po- lice Chief W. L. Laddis said that the crisis which had gripped the city since- Wednesday morning was past. Estimates ot deaths stltl ranged Wage Increase Reported Offered Steel Workers Pittsburgh A report of a wage Increase offered the C.I.O.- Ur.lted Steel Workers by the giant 17. S. Steel union leaders' denial of any knowledge of the today as the steel workers prepared for momen- tous weekend meetings that may up to 050 and injuries around j bring a crisis to contract negotia- persons. Property damage estimates tions. ran from to The pay boost offer was reported raising a fund to be used medical attention lor her. Tho major conflagration was at the vast Humble Oil Com- pany's atorawK" arm at the .south of the city. Apprehensive lldents still watched the boiling AW. ournal the working industries, which statement that "a Increase" offer has Churchill Flays Henry Wallace 500 Special Officers Patrol Texas City By The Associated Press Texas City probably was the mos heavily guarded city in the worlc last night. One-fourth of the per- sons there were law, enforcement officers. State and national guardsmen county and city officers, policemen from Houston, Gaiveston and other numbered about 500. They were stationed everywhere and pa- trolled endlessly. Only an estimated Texas Mty residents of the town's tota population before explosions wreck- id the community were at home. The Texas 'City Sun published 'disaster editions" Wednesday anc 'csterday. Yesterday's single page edition, printed in the plant's own repaired shop, disappeared quickly ind has become a collector's Item. Otis Cowan, editor and manager, ;ald continued publication was not :asy. Several of" the staff were in- ured and.the plant damaged. The Wednesday cjUtlon, the day the nltlal explosions occurred, was printed in nearby Goose Creek. It also was one page, Jose Iturbl, famed pianist, has offered to give a benefit concert to help raise funds for stricken cltl- y.L'iis of Texas City. The Gaiveston News-Tribune, which Is raising funds for such a purpose, wired him that It would be glad to stage the concert. Melcholr, Metropolitan opera tenor, will appear in Galves- London Winston Churchill tcm tonight under the direction of today nswillrd Henry A. Wallace mi otto Buy furl. Proceeds from the concert will bo turned over to the News.-Tribune fund. State-wide benefits will be held throughout the state tomorrow night. They will bo given by inter- state theaters, and entire proceeds will bo given to the News-Tribune fund. _ Relief from the Fourth army at Antonio is under the personal "crypto-communj.st" locking tho couruk'i.- to explain his destination, and accused the laboritc government of .Vjunndcrint; tho American loon of Churchill told a conservative party rally of 10.000 In Albert Hal! that Wallace had sought "to sep- arate Great Britain from the United! and to weave her f 1 intrigue." (command of General Jonathan M. "It must not be cowardly appease- ment through weakness. "It must bo absolutely clear wo shall allow no wedge to be driven between Great Britain and the Unllrd States." Amid laughter Churchill explained his designation of Wallace. "A cryto-communlst" he declared. "Is one who has not got tho courage to explain the destination for which he Is making." St. Paul Seminary May Grant Master's Degree St. John Gregory Murray of the Catholic archdiocese here, suld last night thr St. Paul Seminary had been Hibbing Man Found With Head Wound Succumbs Erlckson. Cl, accredited by f.he North Central a pioneer here, died in General hos- crmbllnc It to grant1 pltnl Thursday after having boon rr.a-strrr.' (he first diocesan found Tuesday In his room with a last days of Butann and Corregldor, visited the devastated area and sale tho disaster was the worst he had ever seen in his military career. Most relatives had difficulty in identifying the dead. Bodies were mutilated and bloated. One brown- haired woman was unable to recog- nize her husband's face, but screamed when she saw his feet. .The night before he went to work for the lust time at the Monsanto plant, she had, as n lark, painted hl.s toenalls with red fingernail polish. but Laddis asserted: "I believe that all danger is gone. Five .or six storage tanks of ap proxlmately gallons capacit had exploded and burned since p. m. yesterday. Five other majo blasts had rocked the city at Inter vals since a, m. Wednesday. State of Emergency A "state of emergency" ruled th city as Governor Bcauford H. Jeste Issued a proclamation which nls placed all law enforcement group under the direction of Colonel Ho mcr Garrison, director of the Texa department of public safety. Hundreds of persons who had flci In terror Wednesday slipped bad into town yesterday, to stand be fore improvised morgues in mut hope of finding relatives and friends, or to stare at ruined nome, and stores. Two tanks of propane, a petro- eum gas, which had earlier becr jelieved to have been in danger o exploding, apparently had occn rendered, harmless by the remov.il o their caps. Laddis said he hac earned from "reliable sources" that ;he caps had been removed after the original harbor blast. Rescue workers evacuated the ex- plosion area late yesterday anc were issued gas masks against the possible spread of poisonous fumes rom further explosions. Two hundred and seventy-one bodies had been counted late last night and 104 had been identified. Fire Captain J. B. Ruby of Hous- on estimated that anywhere I'rom 100 bodies remained In tne Monsanto plant alone. Investigation A coast guard board prepared to- ay to investigate the explosion on ho Grandcamp. After the lower part of town nad been evacuated Jast night, Gan-lson telegraphed Jester that further evacuation was not necessary. Memorial services for all of the dead will be held tomorrow at 0 p. m, on the football field, with the city's ministerial alliance conducting the service. The stench of death, mixed xvith chlorine fumes, hung in the air in Philip Murray, president of both the C.I.O. and the steel workers, declared: "The probability of a steel strike is now more remote than at uny time in the past ten crnor of bottling up the anti-slot machine bill." Carley shouted. No Reason "There is no reason for such a charge and I resent it. The fact is, my committee (general legislation) began considering the bill last Tuesday flve minutes after It came over from the house." The Plainvlew senator referred to the resolution as affording "the governor one more chance to go on the radio to blast the legisla- ture." He asserted that ridding the state of slot machines was not a matter of more law "We have enough laws one ot en- forcement. He said that local of- llcials have completely cleaned out the machines in Wabasha, his home county. editors and newspaper executives at the 25th anniversary meeting last 'night, said President Truman "Is as Liquor Tax Bubble Burst these houses that we arc going to Wolcott replied. "The only hope wo have of prices Is adequate production." The committee, completing hear-consumption averaged 126 pounds ings on the bill which would boost1 At the same rate now, Americans the state liquor tax from to take only about per gallon was leaving a surplus of about Murnane. St. Paul, attorney for pounds. Increased Eating in U. S. Keeping Food Costs High By Ovid A. Martin Washington Food prices would, tumble if America, went back to Its prewax diet. For example, Americans are eating meat at a rate or about 150 pounds a person a year. And it is competition among consumers that sets the price To meet the demand, farmers are producing about pounds this year. In the prewar period of 1935-39 Sub Pens Destroyed By Blasts German Explosion Compared to Bikini Testing Cuxhavcn, Germany Bri- tish demolitions todny blew up island base of Helgoland, German Sibrolter of the North sea. Watchers in this so.iport 38 miles across the water from the former crman naval base saw a towering gray column of smoke rise over Helgoland at p. m. a. m, C.S.TJ. Two minutes later three dull thumping explosions were icard, sounding like blasts In quari-y. The British had announced months ago their intention to de- stroy the naval stronghold. A eye-witness account of jlast. broadcast by a BBC an- innounccr from a plane at "cot, snid the whole island seemed ,o have "taken off into the air." The broadcaster described the (lost as the biggest man-made ex- plosion since the American navy'i atom bomb tests nt Bikini. The "lilkinl Shape" mounting pillar of St. Paul on-sale liquor dealers, that ;hc "liquor tax bubble lias already jurst." On the basis of previous returns, I legislators had estimated the levy days" and added "definite progress; has been made in the past two But sources close to the negotia-l tors said no meetings had been held yesterday or Wednesday. Negotiations by U. S. Steel and the union have been In i would return an added one-third of which would go to municipalities and townships on a out, however, Percentage Increases Such a surplus would break the price and require widespread gov- ernment buying of meat under the federal price support program to prevent, an agricultural collapse. During the war, however, with In- comes high and fewer nonfood items to buy, many who had been on a State Treasurer low level diet were encouraged to Julius Schmahl had reported onlyfbuy more and better quality foods. Jaarv Januaiy Cunder Tlofnt Undei a joint' Thursday returns from the levy dur- ing the llr.st quarter of 1947 were those for the same agreement which extended the pres- ent contract from February 15 to April 30. The union filed strike notice "as a precautionary measure" long ago. The first definite wage increase demand coming from C.I.O, United Steelworkers' contract negotiations was disclosed 23-cent boost asked of the Jones Laugh- in Steel Corporation. A spokesman for (.he firm described the 23-cent figure as an 'overall" one, as besides a flat pay increase it includes "a lot of other things." Holiday pay provi- sions presumably were among them. The pay demand conceivably could ct an industry-wide patern. period of 194C. Scandinavia Key Spot, Wallace Says Stockholm Henry A. Wai- ace told a Swedish'news conference prior to a scheduled speech in Stock- holm today that small European nations have a vital role to play in :he quest for peace and that Scan- llnavla is In a key spot because of ts geographic position. The former vice-president, who ar Ived by plane last night after a line-day visit in Britain, told news r.en that "09 per cent of the peo ile in England are strongly In favo; if the warmest possible understand ng with Russia." Latest Agriculture department figures show the following other in- creases over prewar consumptions: j Cheese 25 per cent, evaporated and i condensed milk, 14; iluld milk and j cream, 25; lard, three; margarine, 26; citrus fruits, 24; canned fruit, 11; canned fruit Juices, 271; frozen fruits, 250; fresh vegetables, 17; canned vegetables, 4C, and frozen vegetables, 425. State Veterans Press for Bonus At Capitol Meeting St. than 400 rep- representatives of all Minnesota vet- erans organizations, banded together under the title of the United Vet- erans Action committee, met last night in the state capital lobby to press for payment of a state bonus.'kcr Infant-child, Sauk County Dis- Leglslators assured the veteransjtrlct Attorney Raymond Kasiska their colleagues were for1 such a-reported. Wisconsin Man, Son Die in Apartment Fire Wls. Robert Meacham, 44, and his five-year-old Security Council Turns Down Russ Greek Aid Plan By Max Harrelson Lake Success, N. Y. Rus- sia's effort to place American aid to Greece under United Nations supervision was doomed today by majority opposition in the Security council. A United States proposal thnt the council's Balkan Investigating com- mission leave representatives In Greece temporarily to watch over the troubled frontier situation ap- peared assured of majority ap- proval, but might be vetoed by Russia. Oppose Move Both Britain and France an- nounced they opposed the Soviet move for a special security council commission to supervise the Greek jart of President Truman's Greek-Turkish aid program, The negative vote of either was enough to kill the Russian rcsolu- son, Junior died They were backed, however, when fire swept their by majority support to block the proposal without invoking the veto. British Delegate Sir Alexander but Mrs. Meacham escaped wich the area of the .Monsanto plant. Bits of human flesh still clung to electric light and telephone wires. The entire city was scheduled to (Continued on Page 10. Column a.) TEXAS CITY ireen Bay Abandonment jf Rail Order Canceled The interstate ommerce commission canceled an rder yesterday authorizing the Green Bay Western Rallroac Company to abandon a mile section of line between Scandinavia and Waupnca, Wls., at the rcfjuesl of the Waupaca Association ol Commerce. The matter was re- opened for public hearing at a date to be set later. college In the United States to be to honored. gunshot wound In his head. He had been 111 lor somo time. Story of Ford Starts Tomorrow The story of a great American, Henry Ford, will start tomorrow in The Republican-Herald. The articles are condensed from "Henry Life, His Work, His and will appear in eight installments. The Htory of Henry Ford's life is a great American story of rugged individualism, of far-sighted enterprise, of dauntless courage and confidence in the face of all obstacles. This is the most interesting story of Ford's life ever written. It is authored by William A. Simonds who was a close friend and associate of Ford for more than 20 years. human, heart-warming biography of the man who contributed so much to the welfare and comfort of his fellowmcn and who rose from a humble farm boy towering stature ot one of the world's greatest figures. START IT IN THE REPUBLICAN-HERALD SATURDAY bonus but had so far been unable to agree on any single method of financing it. The veterans, at the suggestion of Cornelius Smith who presided as secretary of the group, passed the hat for a collection with which to send telegrams to members of both ;he senate and house tax commit ,ecs, censuring those bodies for thel failure to act on a bonus proposal Smith called for a massed show of strength at the capital Saturday at 7 a. m., when he predicted more than would form a picket line about the building. Mrs. Meacham was hospitalized with serious burns but the baby apparently was not harmed. Cause of the fire was not known. Cndogan said he saw no why had :i mushroom "Bikini shape about he said. The blast was set off by remote control from a slilp. Experts estimate the shock of explosion would be recordable as far away as Rome 850 airline miles distant. Operation "Big Bang" was under- taken In an effort to obliterate submarine pens and other fortifica- tions that had withstood the weight of thousand bomber raids two ago. Reporting from nn American army plane nine miles off Helgo- land, Henry Burroughs, Associated Press photographer, said the biggest explosion set by man in European territory had demolished the and concrete submarine pens but had left the tiny island almost unchanged. Wisconsin Pilot From the air the dctonaUon of high explosives in the jjens und Island tunnels snade a spectacular show. Lieutenant Richard C. Gesell of Tomahawk, Wls., veteran combat pilot flying an American army plane nine miles off Helgoland, compared the blast to the feeling Jn a jjlann that "had been hit by a piece or two of flak." Oesell said the columns of rising over the island "were closest imitation of wartime bomb- ing I've seen since Burgomaster Karl Olvers destruction hud caused sorrow and ndignatlon among the Germans of this city. He asserted the Germans were saying the Island ruins would nhvnys remind the people of the destruction and would contribute- to everlasting hatred. Burt Shotton Appointed New Dodger Manager Brooklyn Burton (Burt) B. Shotton, 65-year-old former man- ager of the Philadelphia Phlli, WM of Solon Hopeful of Badger Finances Madison, Wls. Scnutoi Porter a mem- ber of the legislative finance com- mittee, said today' that state fin- ances "nre not as bad as we though! two weeks ago" and that a report on the state's financial condition would be forthcoming shortly. Porter mentioned the better fin- ancial outlook picture when he ap- peared as a, witness before the assembly's state affairs committee ;o urgu approval of a proposal for the state to buy Wildcat mountain n Vcrnoii county for a state park. The plan asks an appropriation of from the general fund. "I feel that the state can afford this purchase because state fin- ances are not as bad ns we thought two weeks he told the corn- mi etc. "Tills purchase should, be ap- proved without further question." Mountain Lake Hoach Resigns WiJlmar, Miun. Coach Ace Hobcrg who directed the Mountain Lake High school basketball team through its pro- longed scries of victories to the .state tournament has been iiamcd head basketball coacii at Willnmr High school. Hobcrg will assume his new post next fall. Bevin Survives Cabinet Shakeup London Ernest Ilcvin, long under fire from within his own Labor party, survived a British cabinet shakcup List niRht and today seemed still firmly entrenched In the tnlnLs-- try of foreign affairs. Prime Minister Clement At- ilee chunked hi.s ministers for India, anil Germany, minister of pensions, postmaster ccnural and lord privy seal and added a min- ister without portfolio, enlarg- ing the cabinet from 20 to 21 members. But lie kept Bcvin as foreign secretary, and a high govern- ment source said this develop- ment constituted endorsement of Bcvln's foreign policy, ad- mittedly tied to that of the Unit- ed States. while Soviet aid to Poland, Yugo- slavia and others should be treated In another way. He said Russia had (agreed to supply arms to some of these countries and had never in- formed the U. N. Shotton replaces Leo Durocher. deposed as boss of the ten days ago by Commissioner A. B. (Happy) Chandler for acts unbe- coming to a major league manager. Shotton, a Dodger scout until to- day, was manager of the PaHliea from 1920 throuRh 1933. After timt he swung into the St. Louis Cardi- nal system of which Rickey tbea was general manager. Weather G.M. Offers Union 11 Raise Detroit General Motors Corporation today offered the C.I.O. United Auto Workers nn cent hourly wage boost plus pay for six annual holidays. Tho company described the offer ns "the equivalent of nn Increase of 15 cents per hour." Polk LJquo'rBill _ j- 1 >jvju u t L-IUIJ Vetoed by moniing. Saturday fair. St. Paul Governor Lutherjcontinued colci- Youngdnhl today vetoed the Polk! cloudy north and cloudy with occasional rain or snow changing to snow flurries south portion tonight. Saturday clearing, colder south portion. FKDER.AL FORECASTS for Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy to cloudy tonight and Sat- urdny. No important temperature Low tonight 31: high Sat- urdiiy cioudy north and cloudy with some light snow 'south portion tonight. Clearing TEMPERATURES 3. Hoover Raps Destruction of Europe's Fertilizer Plants Presi- dent Herbert Hoover told an in- orrnal news conference today that he world faces a worse food crisis iext year, largely because the war's victors have been destroying Eu- ope's slants. fertilizer manufacturing Hoover, who made a personal sur- -ey of Europe's food production pros- iccts at President Truman's rc- ucst. came out of a closed mcet- ng of the Senate foreign vela- Ions committee and told reporters hat he had endorsed house legis- atlon to supply in re- :ef to European countries. county liquor bill, saying it would (nullify the county.option Jaw. I The bill would have permitted six municipalities in dry Polk county with populations over 500 to vote on the question of establishing! municipal liquor stores. 59 of the bill described it as a control .Denver 60 measure. Angeles 7G Miami 83 Mpls.St. Paul 44 New Orleans 63 New York 55 Phoenix 66 60 RIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-Hr. Stage Today Change 10.5 S.-i 10.6 He said he urged that admin- istration of the program be sur- rounded by "modest safeguards." The most important thing, how- ever. Hoover sa.'d, Js to get the productive capacity of Europe built up again immediately. He said "All Europe is gasping for ferti- lizer." "The world food crisis i.s likely to be worse next year than it has been tills the former Re- publican president .snid. He said a severe winter in Europe, com- bined with floods, had cut produc- tion. ELSEWHERE Max. MJn. Pet. 34 .04 57 67 31 .08 Red Wing H .1 Reads 12 Winona tC.P.) 13 La Crosse 32 10.-) Tributary Streams Black at Neillsville----52 2 RIVER FORECAST (From Hastings to Guttcnberf) The Mississippi in this district has become practically stationary at most gauging stations and will re- main at. or very near, present levels the next 24 hours, then begin fall- ng slowly by Sunday night through- out the district. All inflowing trib- utaries will fall slowly.