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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 17, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Windy Tonight and Sunday, Colder Report on Easter In Winona Churches Pages 8, 9 NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 125 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, APRIL 17, 1954 SIXTEEN PAGES Prepare to Send GIs if French Fail Eight-Year-Old Douglas Sheffield sobs over the body of his dog, Fandy, at Pontiac, Mich., Friday. The photo was taken moments after the Cocker Spaniel ran into the path of a truck in downtown Pontiac. (AP Wirephoto) Bomb Overshadows Easter Observance By JAMES DEVLIN NEW YORK The first Easter of the H-bomb era will be observed around the world Sunday with prayers for peace and salvation. Rejoicing that Christ is risen mingles with fears that man has fashioned a weapon that could doom civilization. The hope of men, women and children at Eastertide was that the will Ga. In occasion never would arise to un- leash the bomb's fury. President Eisenhower, on whose shoulders rests much of the free world's burden of preventing war, attend services at Augusta, Rome, Pope Pius XII will appear on the loggia of St. Peter's Basilica, to impart benediction to j the world. The Christian feast of Easter, by unusual coincidence, comes this year on the same day as the Jewish feast of Passover, which com- memorates the flight of the Israel- ites from Egypt. They coincided in 1923 and 1927 early criminal prosecutions may i but will not again until 1981. The More Firings Promised by FHA Director By FRED S. HOFFMAN WASHINGTON UPl Housing Ad- ministrator Albert M. Cole says Mill City Woman Killed by Bus MINNEAPOLIS UK One of tw sisters on their way to Good Fr day church services was killed Fn day night when they were strue by a Twin City Rapid Transit Co bus in St. Louis Park. Fatally injured was Mrs. Cliffon Browne, 58, living in St. Loui Park. Mrs. Elsie Maust, 52, Can ton, Minn., her sister, was taken to University Hospitals in fan- con dition. The bus driver, Clayton W. En dres, 37, Bloomington, was tagged For failing to yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian. Earlier, five persons were in- jured, one critically, when two :ars collided on Highway 36 at the rlennepin-Ramsey County bound ary. Most seriously hurt was Frank Kopacz Jr., 30, Minneapolis riding in a car driven by Lawrence Rogers, 32, also of Minneapolis. Sen. Long May Ask New Cuts In Excise Taxes By JOE HALL WASHINGTON UP) Long (D-La) said today he may propose a new broad-scale reduction of ex- cise taxes in the Senate debate on the House-passed general tax revis- ion bill. But Chairman Millikin of the Senate Finance Committee, now conducting hearings on" the develop out of a "full administra- tive cleanup" of the scandal- shocked Federal Housing Adminis- tration. He also promises new top level firings. Cole summoned to a strategy council this afternoon key officials of the Justice Department, the In- ternal Revenue Service, and his Housing and Home Finance Agen- cy which has jurisdiction over ths FHA. President Eisenhower yesterday armed Cole with a directive to all federal agencies to cooperate fully date of Easter is determined by the Gregorian calendar, based on revision measure, indicated he did not think such a plan would get I far in his group. "I do not think the committee is going into the question of excise rates again after just paring a big excise bill last Mffli- kin said in an interview. However he declined to predict what the full Senate might do. Congress late last month okayed an excise, or sales, tax-cutting measure that trimmed a billion dollars worth a year off excises on scores of items. The general revis- ion bill now in the Senate does not deal with excises. Long, a Finance Committee member, said in an interview he had been much impressed by re- cent views of some economists that an additional cut .of about one bil- the earth's position in 'relation in taxes on the sun, and that of Passover by 'necessities would_ give a needed McCarthy Ready To List Charges Against Army Senator Expected Back in Capital Over Weekend By C. MILTON KELLY WASHINGTON wi A "bill of particulars" by Sen. McCarthy R-Wis) against top Army officials :oday was reported in store for his Senate investigations subcom- mittee when it goes into closed- door session Monday. McCarthy was vacationing in Texas. But he was expected back n Washington over the weekend to attend subcommittee talks which may determine whether the group can, as it now plans, launch on Thursday a public, televised search or the truth among the charges nd counter-charges involved. Word from his associates was that McCarthy "will be prepared o submit Monday a written state- went of specifications" denounc- flg accusations the Army has evelled at him and a group of ides, and spelling out counter- barges McCarthy is raising gainst top Army officials. That could clear away a major ;umbling block to a Thursday tart of the inquiry. Other hurdles 'ill remain, among them a deci- on by the subcommittee on just what role it will let McCarthy play in the hearing. The Army submitted its "bill of Easter Is Grim in Indochina. Reports from Hanoi today indicate Communist besiegers are moving up men and ammunition in bumper-to- bumper convoys for a last ditch "human sea" as- sault to take Dien Bien Phu before the monsoons, and the Geneva Conference (April 26) begin. Here, while one keeps a watchful eye on Red positions across "No Man's fortline French soldiers take a few minutes rest, slumped in their trench. (UP Telephoto) Sheriff Candidate Fined For Possessing Liquor three days ago. if ac- j KNOX CITY, Tex. Ue> T. 0. cused _ the senator and two aides I McMinn, candidate for sheriff of the Hebrew calendar, based on the moon's position in relation to the earth and sun. Actually, the eight-day passover season starts at sunset today and continues until sunset Sunday, while Easter runs from midnight to midnight. Dr. Israel Goldstein, president of the American Jewish Congress, said in a Passover message that the feast, to Jews, "is a boost to the nation's economy. The Louisiana senator said he of trying to exert improper pres- sure to obtain favored treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine, a former non-salaried subcommittee consult- ant. McCarthy has stepped tempor- arily from the subcommittee chair, manship while the group investi- gates him and the staff aides under the Army's fire. Sen. Mundt who will pre- side at the inquiry, says he hopes McCarthy will agree Monday to step farther to the side by waiving the right to question witnesses. Mundt said yesterday the Army was not "as specific as we could have liked" in its bill of partic- ulars. He said be expects from the Mc- Carthy camp Monday a point-by- point reply to the accusations, plus one .or more statements detailing was not committing himself to any the counter-charges of "blackmail al UrtCIlv.lcs LU MUU klel d Lt 1U11V ij with the administration's probe of ?ld the brave alleged multfmillion dollar rackets under the FHA's loan insurance program in the home repair and apartment construction fields. Two congressional committees are set to open public hearings next week in parallel investigations of the FHA, and the Eisenhower order directed federal cooperation with these groups also, One on Leave Cola announced yesterday that Burton C. Bovard had been "placed on leave" after he had refused to quit as FHA general counsel. Col said that "in the next few day we will make such other removal as are necessary to insure a free swift, uninhibited investigation all relevant FHA Tomahawk Fire Loss TOMAHAWK, was es timated Friday at in a fire which leveled the main building of the Tomahawk Boat Manufac- turing Corp., this area's seconc largest employer. No one was injured in the blaze., which broke out Thursday nigh: in a warehouse section of the one- story frame and sheet metal struc- ture. Besides machinery and equip- ment, 50 finished small boats were destroyed, but firefighters saved two storage sections containing lumber and 200 completed boats. Cause of the fire was not known. The plant has 50 workers. It has been in operation for 10 years. Firemen Offer Free Grass Burning Service BOYNE CITY, Mich, Council figured it costs an aver- age of for the fire department to answer alarms on grass fires that get out of control. So the council decided to offer free grass service this spring. Any resident who wants to burn grass is asked to call the fire department. A fire- man will call and burn the grass, safely. first dav of thp rate reductions or any par- urst day of the over.all cut jn revenue_ Sen. Douglas (D-IU) said in a separate interview he also had been considering an effort to make further excise tax cuts on the re- vision bill. He said he would sup- port any effort by Long to reduce the television and radio levy. The revision bill as now worded carries in assorted reductions in its first year of oper- ation, applying to both individuals and corporations. President Lauds Defenders of Dien Bien Phu AUGUSTA, Ga. President Eisenhower, in a message to de- fenders of the French fortress of Dien Bien Phu, says they are de- monstrating "qualities on which gesTEastVegg'in the "world! 12V4 Itlhe survival of the free world de- free spirit which dominates their lives and thinking." Although the Holy Land itself is torn with Jewish-Arab tension, church bells will call worshippers to service as usual on Easter in old Jerusalem, scene of the cru- cifixion and resurrection. Across the United States, hun- dreds of thousands of worshippers will attend outdoor or indoor sun- rise services. A number of the outdoor services, mostly Protestant or non-denominational, will be on hill or mountain tops. j In one gay note of the day, women will don their new Easter finery. New York looked forward to its traditional 5th Avenue "East- er event that will be televised nationwide at 11 am CST. What is claimed to be the big- ;est Easter egg in the world. 121-4 I feet long and 9 feet wide, is on t, display at Red Cloud, Neb. for an The Presldent s annual Easter egg hunt that at- tracts some children. Minden, Neb., known as the "Christmas City" because of its brilliant lighting at Yuletide, is Knox County, was fined and sentenced to 30 days in jail here yesterday. McMinn was one of 10 persons, including his wife and 17-year-old son, fined for illegal possession and sale ofMiquor in a-dry area. 'II Isn't Scientists Say of Oppenheimer Loyal, Official Believes which McCarthy and his aides had aimed at Secretary of the Army "It isn't so." Stevens and John G. Adams, Army SEATTLE Northwest residents who have been report- ing a mysterious wave of automo- bile windshield damage were faced today with a report by a commit- j committee. tee of that said in effect Oppenheimer has been barred on President Eisenhower's orders WASHINGTON B) A high-level member of the Eisenhower admin- istration says he feels that atomic scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer is a "loyal even though "The information in his file is volu- minous and makes a case of security risk." This official gave his opinion to newsmen, but stipulated that his name not be disclosed. He has had contact with the Oppenheimer case since 1948 when the pioneer physi- with a leading role in development of the atomic Duck Shower Falls On North Carolina DUNN, N.C. rained ducks here Friday. At least 26 ducks, each weighing about two or three pounds, plunged from a cloudy sky during a thun- derstorm. The birds, black with crooked bills, fell on lawns in resi- dential areas and some hit Broad street in the business district. Nearly all had broken necks. was questioned by a congressional They feU a few moments after branching out this year with an Easter lighting display expected to rival the Christmas show. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Consider- able cloudiness and windy tonight and Sunday. Colder Sunday. Low tonight 35, high Sunday 42. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 68; minimum, 37; noon, 68; precipitation, trace; iun sets tonight at sun rises omorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER Maximum temperature 68 at icon today. Low 44 at a. m. oday. Broken layer of clouds at feet; visibility more than 5 miles with wind from the south- outhwest at 18 miles per hour with gusts up to 25 miles per hour. Jarometer 29.52, falling rapidly. Dewpoint 55 and humidity 64 per ent. tribute was made public today at his vacation headquarters here. It was ex- pressed in messages to President Renee Coty of France, and Bao Dai, chief of state of Vietnam, for general counsel. I! Most of Nation Will Be Clear, Sunny on Easter NEW YORK Sunday weather for most of the nation will be clear and sunny, the Weath- er Bureau predicts. The only show- ers expected are for the Northern Great Lakes section. Northeast and Northwest states will be cool while warmer weather should hit the Central Plains States, the bu- reau says. Light rain and showers extended over the Appalachian Mountain area eastward to the Atlantic, Coast and over the Lower Great recosmze The scientists, all from the further access to U. S, atom- versity of Washington physics, ic secrets pending a revjew of hjs chemistry and meteorology depart- case. A special three-man Atomic ments, qualified their denial slight-1 Energy Commission panel has ly, but said: "The most likely explanation at this moment is that the pitting is the result of normal driving condi- tions in which small objects strike the windshields of cars." They reported on a survey of automobiles parked in .sheltered and unsheltered areas and said the number of observable pits in wind- shields bore a direct relationship to the age of the car and its mile- age. They called attention to the damage being almost entirely con- fined to windshields and not the rear windows. "While this initial conclusion ap- pears consistent with the facts that Lakes region and New England today. bave reached they said, "we that all observations may not be completely Sgt. Max Allison of the Seattle It was a little cooler early today I said the damag, ly _udy was "5 per cent hoodlumism and over the Mississippi Valley. Tern peratures were in the 30s in tht Upper Great Lakes region ant mostly in the 40s in the Mississipp Valley, New England states anc the Northern and Central Grea Plains. Mild weather prevailed in most other sections. relay to the Dien Bien Phu de fenders. James C. Hagerty, White House press secretary, told newsmen the Eisenhower messages were dis- patched a week ago. and that re- plies from Coty and Bao Dai had just been received. The Presidents message said in part: "In common with millions of my countrymen, I salute the gallantry and stamina of the commander and soldiers who are defending Dien Bien Phu. We have the most profound admiration for the brave and resourceful fight being waged there by troops from France, Viet- nam, and others parts of the French Union." In reply to Eisenhower's mes- sage, Bao Dai said: "The moving battle of Dien Bien Phu symbolizes the determi- nation of Communism to impose its rule without regard for the suf- fering people. It also opens all eyes to the reality of force and wills which refuse to bow before ihe Red despotism." Bao Dai called the President's massage "a precious comfort." Air Force Reports Dismissal of 78 Accused as Reds WASHINGTON The Air Force has reported the dismissal last year of 24 civilians and 54 uni- formed personnel accused of links with Communists or Red-tainted or- ganizations. Air Force officials also told a House appropriations subcommit- tee in testimony made public to- day that another 150 military per- sonnel were separated "for some- what closely related reasons" and that an additional 104 such cases are under study. Secretary of the Air Force Tal- bott said the civilian dismissals all "involved actual or alleged mem- bership ;-in the- Communist party, or affiliations or sympathetic as- sociation with the Communistic or- ganizations or persons, or Commu- nistic inclinations." He said there were many addi- ional resignations and separations 'or security reasons which had not yet been reported to headquarters lere. 95 per cent hysteria." When Mrs. Floyd Miller goes strolling with a wolf, she has to carry him home at Tucson, Ariz. The pet Mexican lobo walks along jauntily enough on the outward bound hike but refuses to walk back. Lcbo, a pet since he was a cub, plays with Mrs. Miller's children as gently as a dog. (AP Wire- photo) been sitting in the case. A "blank wall" was ordered placed between Oppenbeimer and government atomic data last De- cember after the AEC said it had received information that he was a security risk. The scientist de- nied this and asked for a hearing. The administration official said it is up to the panel headed by for- mer Secretary of the Army Gordon Gray, to decide whether Oppen- heimer is a security risk. The offi- cial said he is "sure Dr. Oppen- heimer will get a fair hearing." He said the physicist's file presents "an extremely difficult problem." The overshadowing issue in "thi Oppenheimer case, said this off] cial, is whether the governmen should hold that past associations even if foresworn, should forever after rule out government employ ment. "I do not believe it he said, and added: "I believe each case should be considered on its merits, parti cularly when dealing with an ideo logy which during the 1930's had such an appeal among the intelli- gentsia and various other groups. "If the man is not a security risk, if he is not subject to black- mail, he should have a right to work for the government. "Dr. Oppenheimer, at least on the evidence I have seen, in my opinion is a loyal American. On the other hand the information in his file is voluminous and makes a :prima facie' case of security risk." One of the allegations against Oppenheimer is he opposed devel- opment of the hydrogen bomb even after President Truman ordered in 1950 that work on that superweap- on be pushed. Oppenheimer has as- Can't Afford New Retreats, Nixon Declares Declaration May Reflect Security Council Decision By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Presi- dent Nixon says American might be used in a last-ditch ef- fort to save Indochina. The state- ment brought prompt challenge! from both Republican and Demo- cratic lawmakers. The vice president said he doei not believe such action will necessary because he thinks Indo- china can be saved from the Com- munists by other means. But in the unlikely .event that French forces withdraw, he said, this country would have to send in troops. Nixon expressed his views in an pff-the-record address to the Amer- ican Society of Newspaper Editors. He later permitted newsmen to re- port his remarks on condition the7 not be attributed directly to him. News stories reporting his re- marks first identified him as high administration official. Expression of Policy But he was connected with the statements from several sources. The London Times included in story a statement that the only high administration source making a speech be r e Friday was Nixon. And the Miles (Mich.) Daily Star said Rep. Hoffman expressing opposition to the state- ment, had identified Nixon as its source. Nixon himself was not immedi- ately available for comment on "leaks." The disclosure that Nixon was the administration source in ques- tion lent added weight to the ex- pression of policy, since he sits in with-the National Security Council and at Cabinet sessions. Whether his frank discussion of the issue would have repercussions ;erted he dropped his opposition as soon as Truman made his decision and that he went at the task with a will. Sen. Hickenlooper a ormer chairman of the Senate iouse Atomic Energy Committee and now its vice-chairman, was asked on a radio program last light whether disloyalty figured in lie H-bomb delay. "I wouldn't pass judgment on hat particular matter at this Hickenlooper replied. Oppenheimer's name was not mentioned. lightning had touched off a 000 fire at a tobacco warehouse, causing .speculation that they had been electrocuted in flight. Reds Tighten Ring Around Dien Bien Phu By LARRY ALLEN HANOI, Indochina attackers tightened their steel ring around Dien Bien Phu today and stabbed to within 800 yards of the key center area of the French j spokesman for President "Eisen- President Nixon emphasizes a point at the American Society of News- papers in Washington. (UP Telephoto) within the administration remained to be seen. Nixon has acted as Union fortifications. Garrison soldiers, hower on several recent occasions, backed' by In nis views, Nixon re- peated Eisenhower's words that "we cannot afford any retreat in Asia." His statement, made yesterday to newsmen who were cautioned not to make public his name, in- cluded a prediction the French gov- ernment is "going to be putting on the pressure" to negotiate an Indochina truce with the Commu- yards from' nists at the April 26 Geneva Con- Brig. Gen. ference. Fears Truce It was his opinion, the official The 50-year-old De Castries was j said in a clear indication of Amer- planes and tank and artillery fire, counterattacked against the Com- munist-led rebels at all points. Relentless French drives against infiltrating Vietminh units en- trenched on the northern part of Dien Bien Phu's main airstrip failed yesterday to route them. At the airstrip, the rebels clung to dugouts just 800 the bunkers where Christian de Castries, the'fortress commander, has his headquarters. hard at work directing the fortress' defenses when he received word the Paris government had official- ly boosted his rank from colonel to brigadier general. A French plane parachuted to De Castries the two stars which the French use to designate a briga- dier general. Behind a curtain of mortar fire that blocked yesterday's French charges against the infiltrated Vietminh, the enemy managed to dig in deeper, fanning out from new craters they had blasted in Dien Bien Phu runways with high explosives. Other rebel units trying to sneak oward the airstrip from the north- west were knocked out, the French said. Some French troops skirted the rebel air field positions to rein- orce strongpoints on the eastern nd western rims of the besieged ovtress. The French acknowledged, how- ver, the enemy's foothold near the heart of the fortress seriously ampered the defender's east-west ommunications. ican opposition to such a move, that such a truce would deliver Indochina to the Communists. Although the official's declara- tion was regarded in some quar- ters as reflecting a National Se- curity Council decision, the pur- ported policy was challenged im- mediately by Republicans as well as Democrats. Sen. Hickenlooper a Senate Foreign Relations Commit- tee member, said in an interview he doesn't believe any decision has been made to use American troops in Indochina under any circum- stances. "If we have such a policy, I'd like to know about Hicken- looper said, "but I don't think we have." Sen. Long a former Armed Services Committee mem- ber, said no U. S. troops should sent to Indochina without a congressional resolution approving it. And he said he would vote against any such resolution. President Eisenhower told his (Continued on Page 9, Column 6) CONGRESS ;