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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 17, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Continued Mild Tonight And Friday River Stage 24-Hour (Flood Stage 13) Today 17.50 .20 Year Ago 17.14 .06 VOLUME 52, NO. 52 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 17, 1952 TWENTY PAGES Mi ISSISSIp Rises to New Record Omaha Awaits Karen Groothoff, left, holds her doll, only plaything she took along when forced to evacuate her home with her parents fleeing Mississippi's rising waters at La Crosse, Wis. Judy Bell, right, admires the doll. The children, among others, are being cared for in a school gymnasium set up to house evacuees. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) St. Paul Woman Drowns in Flood ST. PAUL HV- A St. Paul woman drowned and a man was rescued last night when their boat capsized in the record Mississippi flood- waters" covering St. Paul's west side. Ed Thielen, operator of a South Wabasha St. tavern offered to take Mrs Rosemary Mohr, 28, home in a rowboat he kept tied at the --------_-------------------------------rear of the establishment. As they sought to enter the craft, it capsized and they were thrown into water seven feet deep. Laurell Morrow heard Thielen cry for help shortly before mid- I P 1 I nisht and dived into the water. He IniliriPC Pulled the tavern man to safety IIIJUIIVJ I UIQI but was unable to reach Mrs. Mohr in the dark waters. Hastings Crash Fatal To Lewistn Man LEWISTON, Minn. A Lewiston linotype operator died Wednesday evening of injuries suf- fered in an automobile accident near Hastings yesterday morning. He is Gordon D. Cilley, 33, who has been employed 2VJ years at the Lewiston Journal. He had lived in about a year before moving to Lewiston. He was born at Independence Aug. 17, 1918, Cilley, a World War n amputee, was driving Wednesday to a re- habilitation center connected with the Weterans Administration at Minneapolis, to receive a medical checkup on his disability. He miss- ed a sharp left hand turn on' the highway eight miles west of Hast- ings about 11 a.m. and the car landed in a ditch. He died at St. Raphael's Hospital, Hastings, about 7 p.m. Surviving are Cillcy's wife, Aud- rey, and two sons, Jeffrey, 3, and Keith, 4, Lewiston; his parents, Mr. and Mrs. William Cilley, In- dependence; a brother, William J., It was the first-flood drowning reported in Minnesota, where the Mississippi and Minnesota rivers have both been above flood stage for more than a week. By a.m. today, the Missis- sippi had slumped from its record crest Of 22.2 feet to 22.05 and U. S. Army Engineers predicted the level would continue to drop. Flood stage is 14 feet. The previous high mark was 19.7 in 1881. The Minnesota, after cresting at 24.85 feet in Mankato, was down to 23.16, about four feet over flood stage. Wisconsin Flood Tension Eases as River 'Flattens' 3y THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tension in flood-threatened areas of Western Wisconsin eased some- what last night as the bloated Mis- sissippi River "flattened out" and Crest Tonight Two Persons Dead, Hundreds Homeless In 5 Watersheds OMAHA, Neb. There was watchful waiting on still-rising wa- ters and speed in the rehabilita- tion job in the flood-ravaged Mid- west today as the forces of nature surged southward to spread more misery. The Missouri.'the Mississippi, the Milk in Montana, the Red River of the North in' Minnesota and the Minnesota River all have hit with punishing blows and have a lot left to deal out. At least two persons have died in the floods. The Missouri, having sent thous- ands of families hiking for high ground in one of its worst ram- pages, was beating at the Metro- politan Omaha-Council Bluffs area. A record crest of 31.5 feet is due tonight. Watch Dikes It was a vigil frought with un- certainty that the huge force of Army engineers who built the walls and dikes, and soldiers and civil- ians who raised them much beyond the original height, were keeping. There was nothing they could do now but wait. They had built those walls and levees originally to stand a 26.6- foot crest of the river, a couple of feet over the best the wide stream had ever recorded before. High on the hills of the two cities, most of the persons evacu- ated also waited. I As if to gather its strength, the Missouri slowed its downstream march and weathermen set the ar- rival of the crest back from this morning 1o tonight. This led to in- creasing dike pressure while the overflowed rich farm areas north and south of the two cities. Rivermen were fairly confident they had the Missouri licked in j this area, and that downstream the government-constructed walls and levees would hold. Greatest Flood But actually, the Missouri, the Mississippi, the Milk, and the Red River of the North have already put in the history books the story of one of the greatest flood dis- asters of record. The Red Cross estimates that in the flooded areas of the four ma- rauding streams there are persons dispossessed, the majority in need of rehabilitation help and j many more to be in the same need if the Missouri can break the j Omaha-Council Bluffs defense. I So it was watch and wait in the I Midwest. Flood-Fighting Ingenuity at its best is shown here in a new use for snow fence on the North Western Railway dike on the city's north edge. The fence was placed Wednesday afternoon to cut the action of waves against the vulnerable face of the dike. la case of unusually high winds more snow fence will be laid against the face of the dike as an added precaution. The strengthened dike structure here is holding back approximately 18 inches of main channel water from the West 3rd Street industrial and resi- dential area. Seepage water can be seen between railroad tracks. Republican-Herald photo The Winona Flood Story Mississippi River at new rec- ord jfage Page 1. High water always factor in history of Winona Page 10. Water supply O: K. here Page 3. Flood-fighting cost may be double of 1951 Page 3. Permanent dike-building pro- gram urged for city by alder- man Page 10. DRT-202 secure (that's Wi- nona's Red Cross number) Page 3. Table of rises shows how Mississippi is setting new rec- ords Page 3. Duck 'swims' out to get furni- ture from house here Page 7. Pictures show water-covered dike road from Nelson to Wa- basha Page 5. Industries look to city dikes for protection, but another closes down Page 3. Flooded Home Burns PRAIRIE DU CHIEN WV-A house standing in seven feet of And while this war of attrition I Mississippi flood burned to the wa- went on, there were two demands ter's edge yesterday while the own- er watched helplessly from the ri- :r bank. Jack Johnson, who had evacu- ated his home on Ambrose Island as the flood approached, placed _ La Crosse, and two sisters, And- j favorable weather brought a pre- rey, Whitehall, and Arlene, at diction of lower crests. home. He served overseas about A.D.Sanial, federal meteorologist three years in World War II. j at La Crosse, said the river would Funeral services will be held j reach a crest of 15.8 feet there Saturday at 2 p.m. at the Inde- a day earlier than expect- pendence Lutheran Church ofied and slightly under the 16 foot which he was a member. He also was a member of the Lewiston level forecast Tuesday. The Mississippi at La Crosse stood at 14.6 feet last night and to- American Legion Post. The Rev. 0. G. Birkeland, White- day was expected to top the all- hall, will officiate and burial will time high of 14.9 set last year, be in the Bethel Lutheran Ccme-1 The state's first death in the terv at Independence. Friends may I flood came yesterday when the call at the Werner Funeral Home body of Mrs. John Billings, 65, of 1 La Crosse, was found in the stream. Sheriff Ray Sampson said she apparently fell from a- Mil- waukee Road trestle as a rerouted North Western train approached. Authorities said there were no bruises to indicate she had been struck by the train. A crest of 21 feet was forecast for next Wednesday at Prairie du Chien, where downriver residents lack the dikes protecting La ned fire destroyed at least j Crosse. homes in Tottori. left 15.000 per- The river stage reached 18.6 sons homeless, and was still burn- feet at Prairie du Chien last night, ing today. Kyodo News Acency re- half a foot over flood level, ported. The fourth ward island was corn- It was Japan's worst postwar i pletely under water and only a few fire. There were no deaths report- 'of its 400 inhabitants cared to ride ed in the city of 61.000 but at least jout the high waters by moving to in Lewiston from 7 to 9 p.m. to- day. Jap Fire Leaves Homeless TOKYO raging, wind-fan- President Truman flew over the area yesterday where the Missouri has ripped and torn at the land damage at than I thought it would be." 140 persons were ir.jured. Celeste Holm Sues LOS ANGELES Ac- tress Celeste Holm has sued for di- vorce from A. Schuyler (Sky) Dun- ning, public relations executive of an airline. Her complaint, filed yesterday, charged cruelty. upper floors Despite the expected drop in crests La Crosse went ahead with more flood protection measures with the planning of a secondary system of dikes in case those on the north side should collapse. Appeals for emergency workers were issued yesterday as the pre- sent diking system showed signs 'of softening. On A Flight Took him over square miles of the flood-devastated upper Midwest, President Truman (top) sits with Sen. James B. Murray of Montana, viewing the swirling waters from the presidential plane "Independence." At Offutt Air Base, south of Mr. Truman met with seven "flood-states" Governors ontlined his views on flood-control and urged the Governors to "lobby" for funds. At the Omaha meeting were (left to right) Govs. Brunsdale, North Dakota; Beardsley, Iowa; Stevenson, Illinois; Air Forces Gen. C. E. LeMay; President Tru- man; Govs. Peterson, Nebraska; Anderson, South Dakota; Ander- son, Minnesota, and Kohler, Wisconsin tions. And a Democratic spokesman said yesterday that, if Harriman were named, he would be an- nounced as a full-fledged candidate, not as a "favorite son." The array of speakers and guests at tonight's dinner is' practically a who's who in Democratic circles. Here are some: Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennes- see; Sen. Brien McMahon of Con- necticut; Vice President Alben W, Barkley; Stevenson; Sen. Robert S. Ken- of Oklahoma, and Sen. Herbert H. Lehman of New York. Sen. Richard B. Russell of Geor- gia is the only prominent an- nounced candidate not expected to attend. Harriman, known to be highly regarded by President Truman, worked closely with the late Presi- dent Roosevelt and attended inter- national conferences with him. Mr. Truman has publicly ex- pressed no preference for a possi- ble Democratic successor. But it is known that he liked Gov, Steven- son and that he has been lukewarm toward Sen. Kefauver. Kefauver has been barreling along in Democratic presidential primaries. Some observers think a "boom Harriman" offensive will have the effect of a "stop Kefau- ver" drive. An organized campaign for Har- riman started last Saturday at Harriman, N. Y. The Orange Coun- ty town, about 90 miles north of New York is named for his fam- ily. The "Harriman for President" committee introduced then- favorite in a cottage on the former Hani- man estate, presented by the fam- ily to Columbia University. The 60-year-old Harriman, still not an announced candidate for the nomination, said he would "con- sider it an honor" to be endorsed by the New York State Democratic organization. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and continued mild tonight and Friday. Low tonight 45. high Friday 70. LOCAL WEATHER or the 24 Boom (or Harriman Getting Under Way NEW YORK Averell Harriman, President Truman's foreign affairs trouble-shooter, may be boomed as a Democratic presidential Harriman, director of mutual security, will be honored tonight at a SlOO-a-plate dinner sponsored by the New York State Democratic Committee. Coming at this time, the affair reflects strong support among the committee's membership to give Harriman the state's 94 votes at the Democratic National Conven- tion in Chicago. Tomorrow, the state's 62 Demo- cratic county leaders meet here to discuss "the presidential situation" of more party question-marks since Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illi- nois renounced White House ambi- M-47 Medium Tank Even Better Than Army Anticipated WASHINGTON The tank the Army gambled on has proved it can climb better than a man with- out slipping, run under water, break most city speed limits, stop on a packs a terrific wallop. Gen. J. Lawton Collins says the M-47 medium tank, now being mass produced, is "more than a match" for its Soviet counterparts. The Army demonstrated the M- 47 to newsmen at Aberdeen prov- ing grounds in nearby Maryland yesterday. Officials did not say how many are built and ready for combat, but Col. C. G. Wilhide, commander of the Detroit tank arsenal, told reporters they total more than "all tvpes of United States tanks in Korea combined." The exhibition indicated to news- men that the M-47 was rid of the "bugs" that plagued earlv produc- tion models, ordered built by the Army as a "calculated risk" after the Korean war broke out. Ordinarily, tanks are not built until pilot models are tested, "bugs" eliminated in long-drawn- out experiments. But the Korean war was serious, the situation in Europe tense. The Army gambled on all-out production before the routine tests were completed, and the M-47 medium tank demonstrated yester- day it had won. Here are some of the things reporters saw: 1. The tank showed a speed .of about 35 miles an hour on a high- way. 2. It climbed a 50 per cent grade from a standing steep a grade for a man to climb with- out slipping. 3. It ran through water so deep only the turret was visible. 4. It hit a moving target tank 500 yards away in dead center. Officials said the tank can "stop on a dime and turn in its own it has an automatic gad- get that, once a gunner aims his guns, reaims without help from the crew after each shot; and has heavOy improved armor. The tank's specifications: Weight 48 tons; 90 mfllicieter, high veloc- ity gun; 810 horsepower V-12 cy- linder air-cooled engine; five man crew. Its cross-drive transmission is expected to give it a flexibility en- Maximura, 69; m noon, 66; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional on Page 17. 37; It is being manufactured at the Army's Detroit arsenal, and at the Schenectady, N. Y., plant of the American Locomotive Company. Taft Criticizes land Generals' Explains Failure to Build Up Air Power LANSING, Mich. Robert A. Taft says the Truman Adminis- tration has failed to build up Uni- ted States air power because "land generals" dominate military policy. The candidate for the Republican presidential nomination gave his own views on strategy in a speech last night lambasting Democratic domestic and foreign policies. The United States, Taft declared, should give top priority to achiev- ing global air control to check Rus> sian aggression. Instead of doing that, he said, the administration has pursued a policy of "global spending." "The basic thinking behind the entire defense program is Taft told a Republican club here. Ah? supremacy, he asserted, "can best protect our liberty and peace and yet we suddenly wake up to find that it has been largely neglected." "In its zest for global Taft said, "the administration has taken its eyes off the ball. It seems to me that clearly this result is due to the old-fashioned obsession of our land generals with land warfare, the philosophy of Gen. Marshall." In mentioning "land Taft named only Gen. George C. Marshall, former secretary of state and former secretary of defense. The Ohio senator, however, made two references, apparently in ap- proval, to what Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, his chief opponent for the GOP nomination, had said about military policy. Joint Staff Urges Ridgway For Ike's Job SAN FRANCISCO Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, supreme Allied commander in the Far East, has been recommended by the Joint Chiefs of Staff in Washington to succeed Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower in Eu- rope, the Chronicle said today in a copyrighted story from its W a s h i ngton correspondent, Vance Johnson. Field Marshal Viscount Mont- gomery of Great Britain, Eisen- hower's deputy commander, will assume the NATO com- mand for the interval between Eisenhower's departure and Ridgway's arrival in Europe, the story said. Present plans of the joint chiefs, Johnson said, call for the appointment of Gen. Mark W. Clark, chief of Army field forces, as Ridgway's successor in the Far East, and for Gen. Alfred M. Gruenther, now chief of staff to Eisenhower in Eu- rope, to replace Clark. Gruen- ther was Eisenhower's personal j choice for the top NATO com- mand. i Officials Still Warn of Danger In Flood Crisis But Dikes Holding Well Against River; Now Near Top Stage By FRED LEIGHTON, Republican-Herald Staff Writer "In this engineering busi- ness anybody who forecasts anything has holes in his head." That cryptic remark by City Engineer W. 0. Cribbs this morning summarizes the flood picture in Winpna to- day, but the fact is that feet of protective earthworks are holding against the mightiest head of water the city has ever known. The river stage at noon today was 17.50 of a foot greater than the all-time record establish- ed April 18, 1951, and still expected to rise .2 of a foot more to a 17.8- foot crest. A new confidence crept into the picture over night. Engineers not- withstanding, the probability that the city's dikes will hold is increas- ingly apparent today. Observers said the situation is becoming brighter by the hour as dike work- ers prove time and again they can catch and plug any possible dikt leaks faster than they occur. Cribbs said thii morning break in the North Western Railway dike on the north side would in all probability not send water over the city't "hump" into Lake Winona, al- though some water might run in gutters into the low lake area. He pointed out a break would, of course, flood the West 3rd Street area for the second year in a row. Cribbs would not say definitely the area will not be flooded, but his attitude was definitely one. of greater optimism than he has been able to show since the flood crisis struck Winona six days ago. Elsewhere on the battle lines workers' spirits rose faster than the today is rising at a scarcely perceptible the engineers' ingenuity was devis- ing additional diking techniques to speed the city's reinforcement pro- gram. Use At the Lake Winona outlet ditch workmen put in a barge 12 feet wide and 30 feet long lo float sand- bags on a highway of flood waters to critical points along the city's extreme easterly dike 700 feet east of Mankato Avenue. Wheelbarrows were used to haul the bags along a grain door "sidewalk" on top the dike as workmen successfully kept barely the rising waters. At the scene of the North Western Railway dike on the north, snow fence given a new use. The fencing was placed the entire length of the dike from 10 to 100 feet out on the railroad's flooded main line to cut to a minimum any wave action which might endanger the earthen structure. Cribbs said additional snow fence is available to lay on the water side of the dike proper in case of uevere northwester- ly winds. That would be added protection. All along the sprawling, water- soaked North Western structure the river was exerting powerful pressure and seepage was exten- sive throughout the night. Water against the dike proper measured up to 18 inches deep. And as seepage waters edged into the lower West Third Street area and into the city's storm sewers there early today, the city engineer moved to install addition- al pumping capacity at the foot of Olmstead Street. Working this morning at near capacity were the two per-minule electric pumps and the two gasoline-driven minute pumps pulling seepage, water out of the city's storm sewer system in the Olmstead and Third Street area. Getting Another Pump Plans to install a third electri- cally-driven pump, to be borrowed from the Army Engineers, were in the works this morning. City street department workers were starting [Continued on Page 10, Column FLOOD Flood Editions The Republican-Herald hag printed a limited number of additional copies of the paper containing the story of Wino- na's "greatest flood." These papers may be pur- chased at The Republican- Herald office, already wrapped for milling. i ;