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View Sample Pages : Winona Republican Herald, April 14, 1953

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 14, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Warmer Tonight; Rain, Colder Wednesday River Stage 14-Hour- (Flood Stigt 13) Today 8.55 .03 Year Ago VOLUME 53, NO. 48 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 14, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Lt. Mabry Garner of Memphis, Term., left, and U. Josiah McHale of Ann Arbor, Mich., are two of seven medics at Pan- iminjom, Korea, exchange site for POWs who will be the first U. S. Army troops to talk to sick and wounded U.N. personnel returned by the Communists when "Operation Little Switch" be- gins. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) ReJsStartPOWs To Exchange Site 709 Workers Available for Farm Jobs ST. The Minnesota Division of Employment and Se- curity has estimated the state's farmers have or will have later in Allied Planes Patrol Route of 20 Vehicles By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea Hied planes flew guard today over the Capehart Denies Country Headed For Depression Indiana Senator Believes Economy On Sound Footing By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Cape- hart replying to Demo- cratic suggestions that the Eisen- hower administration may be head- ing the country toward a depres- sion, said today the national econ- omy is on a sound footing. Capehart, chairman of the Sen- ate Banking Committee, spoke out after a new Democratic blast at higher U. S. bond interest rates. Secretary of the Treasury Hum- phrey defended the higher interest rate on a new bond issue which appeared, from signs in Wall Street and Washington, likely to be heav- ily oversubscribed. Capehart .said he sees no factors in the present economic situation that should bring any recession and none indicating any increase in inflationary pressures. "Payrolls are the biggest in our national history, the government still is spending about a billion dollars a week on the defense pro- gram and while farm prices have dropped, they seem to have leveled he said in an interview. Sees Tighter Credit However, Sen. Sparkman (D- joi'ned eight other Democrats independent Sen. Morse of, Legislators to O.K. Re cor Expenditures the season job openings for i freedom. voy carrying sick and wounded U. N. war prisoners slowly toward j ln declaring that a boost in State Prison Guards Ask Pay Increase STILLWATER, Minn. at Stillwater prison, scene of week- long disorders, are making a last minute campaign for pay raises with the Minnesota Legislature. As quiet was restored Monday night with feeding of the first meal in 48 hours to the inmates, a union leader said prison employes would j meet tonight on the pay boost ques tion. "Guards and other employes are very, very dissatisfied with tteir pay said Roy Hartrnan president of Local 600, AFL Prison Employes Union. "If the request they plan, to make to the Legis- lature is turned down, many wil probably quit, thus leaving the prison with only a skeleton staff." Hartman said there was no thought of any walkout' if wage adjustments are not granted. "We are 100 per cent behind An Air Force spokesman said the air sentinels and special, secret which there are but 109 workers available right now. The division's survey showed precautions made a mistake bomb- m hands would be ing virtually impossible. The reconnaissance planes pa- trolled through the day over thick clouds hiding North Korean roads. The Reds said the 20-vehicle con- voy was the first to start the long trip from North Korean prison camps to Panmunjom, where 600 Allied POWs will be traded for Chinese and Communists be-, ginning Monday, Two more convoys were to leave North Korea tomorrow at day- break. 15-Hour Trip for Allies The U. N. probably will start moving its 700 Chinese and North Korean sick and wounded by train this weekend. The 320-mile trip from Pusan to Munsan takes about 15 hours. From Munsan, the POWs will be taken to Panmunjom by ambulance. A South Korean Defense Minis- try spokesman said the 450 South Koreans being returned will have to be "reindoctrinated" possibly for six months to free them from any effects of Communist teach- ings. "Some of them must have been indoctrinated he said, "and ery" by Geix Wladyslaw Anders, will have to be reindoctrinated of the MM. before they are freed to go back ment in exile. Explaining why 369 general farm needed, 110 farm couples, 685 ex tra farm hands for seasonal jobs, 48 expert dairy hands and workers in other categories. Heaviest demand will come in May, the department said. Poland True To West, Says Pilot i n te r e s t rates on government Warden Edwin T. Swenson and wouldn't do anything to disrupt his said Hartman. Swenson, who took over his job in the middle of Saturday's budding riot, said he was "absolutely in favor" of pay hikes for the prison personnel. The guards union claims mem- of about so per cent of the Refugee LONDON refugee Polish Air "Force pilot who fled to Den- mark in a new Russian-built MIG15 jet fighter says he made his per- ilous flight to prove that his Com- munist-ruled homeland remains true to the West. The 21-year-old flier, Francisek Jarewski, told newsmen of his es- cape yesterday after he had been decorated for "outstanding brav- 300 prison employes. Hartman said the group had been discussing the pay matter for some time and that it was merely a co- incidence that it is being accented at the time of the trouble inside Polish govern- he took his speedy fighter plane from the Po-1 lish air base at Slupsk March 5 and sped across the Baltic Sea to the Danish island of Bornholm, he said: "I wanted to prove that although the Polish people have been in captivity for so many although their youth are constant- to their communities The Communists still were await- ing a U. N. reply to their latest ly indoctrinated Polish with Communist nation does not i change. request for resumption of full scale truce negotiations at Pan- Urge Unification There was 'no indication when Gen. Mark Clark, U. N. Far East commander, would answer. He had told the earlier that a re- newal is the "second order of bus- iness" to the disabled POWs ex- flinch from its loyalty to the West." Jarewski, who has been granted asylum in Britain, said he had no plans for the future. He added he would like to visit the United States and might join the U. S. Air Force if he had the oppor- tunity. Lie Detector Results Hazy ST. PAUL detector and truth serum tests given a North- ern Minnesota woman regarding an Illinois double murder 10 years ago are inconclusive, the Minnesota crime bureau reported today. John Tierney, bureau director, said Mrs. Ella Ir.dehar, 51, gave only vague and hazy answers to questions during the more than four-hour test- at University of Minnesota Monday night. Mrs. Indehar was questioned af- ter Mrs. Ruth Omdahl, 53, told Sheriff Oscar Juntenen of Carlton County she had confessed to her that Mrs. Indehar had been with three men robbers in 1942 during the holdup slaying of two women. Mrs. Lillian Galvin, 45, and her maid, Edna Sibliski, 29, were slain at the Galvin home in Evanston, 111., Oct. 22, 1942. Loot in diamonds and furs valued at was stolen. Mrs. Indehar and Mrs. Omdahl, both residents of the rural Brain- erd area, were' arrested a month ago for shoplifting activities in a dozen Northern Minnesota com- munities. Both pleaded guilty. It was while they were in jail at Carlton that Mrs. Indehar told her "secret" of the Illinois killings. Tests given Mrs. Omdahl indicated she told the truth about having heard the story, Tierney said. i In Pusan, South Korea's Foreign Minister Pyun Yung Tai told the bonds, ordered by Humphrey al ready is operating to tighten credit for farmers and small businessmen and may bring an economic reces- sion, i "Because of the Treasury's ac- tion, interest rates are going up all over the Sparkman said. "That means it not only is going to cost more for the farmer or small businessman to borrow money but in a great many in- stances it means that the banks won't make the loans at all. That already is happening." Sparkman said he estimated the increase in private lending rates, Itbe as a consequence of the Treasury's I He reported starting pay for action in offering 30-year bonds at j guards is S225 per month and they 314 per cent interest, would cost I must work five years before reach- the average small home buyer I ing the top. a month more on his install- j ment payments. p Sen. Humphrey (D-Minn) was a rjlthpf leader of the group of nine sen- j I HIIICI ators who issued yesterday a state- ment denouncing the interest rate, highest on such an issue since 1933. Sen. Humphrey told the Senate the Treasury's action "contains germs of a new depression." He contended all the signs indicate "that deflation and not inflation is the current problem." Wholesale Prices "Farm prices have been falling substantially since July and are under continuing he said. "All wholesale prices have been falling steadily since August. Consumer prices peaked, out in August." Secretary Humphrey ignored the suggestion of Sen. Humphrey's group that the Treasury withdraw the bond offer until he has "sd- vised and consulted with the policy- making branch of the government Congress." But he issued a statement say-, ing that inflationary forces are j said upon returning home from still present and declaring that the j work he smelled gas and broke in Wife, 3 Tots Dead Of Gas Poisoning ELMONT, N. Y. R. Munroe found his wife and three small children dead of gas poison- ing last night in their home in this New York City suburb. The bodies, lined up on the kil chen floor, were those of the moth er, Margaret, 28; Donald, IVi Nancy Jean, 5, and Eileen, 4. Police said Mrs. Munroe appar ently held each child over the open jet stove oven until dead-, and then placed the bodies in a row on the floor. Then she lay down besidi the children. Police said it wa apparently murder and suicide. Munroe, 32-year-old truck driver Several Inches Of Heavy wet snow covered Fenway Park early today, a few hours before the Red Sox scheduled opening-day game against the Washington Senators this afternoon. From, three to five inches of snow blanketed Southern New England test night and it was still snowing when this picture was made. (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) Ike Urges Sale Of Ill-Owned Rubber Plants higher cost to the government, in j the locked back door. National Assembly, "South Koreans higher interest payments on a por-1 Munroe _j- _ iL_ tinn fhn nntlnn'il ho nl Q in hie? prefer death to an armistice with {Continued on Page 12, Column 5.] KOREA tion of the national debt, offset many times over if it lessens ex note was found addressed to This An Air View of the Panmunjom neutral area in Central Korea where United Nations and Communist representatives have been holding prisoner of war discussions. At right center is the small conference building where the talks are held. Tents are for use of delegates and the press. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) AUGUSTA, Ga. Wl President isenhower today recommended sale of 550 million dollars worth of government owned synthetic rubber plants to private industry. In a special message to Congress rom his vacation headquarters lere, the President asked the law- makers to enact legislation author- ing disposal of the facilities. "I am in hearty accord with the policy determination of the Con- gress that the security interests of on the idea of creating a broad Wilson Air Policy Meeting Resistance ByVERNHAUGLAND WASHINGTON of developing resistance to Secretary of Defense Wilson's air policies filtered through the Pentagon's newly reinforced secrecy curtain today. Officers refuse to discuss the issues publicly, but it is known that some Air Force and aviation industry leaders have taken alarm over reports that Wilson is back- ing proposals to: (1) Cut jet bomber production sharply; (2) build up defenses by concentrating on production of fighters and guided missiles; andj (3) rely primarily on a relatively j small aircraft industry operating! at high production rates. Wilson is reported to place less emphasis than did his predecessors the nation will best be served by the development within the United States of a free competitive syn- thetic rubber industry, and I be- lieve that now is the time take plant the President said. "The program recommended in the report of the Reconstruction pears to provide basic outline of a Ex-GI Pleads Guilty to Spy Charges WASHINGTON W) Kurt L. Ponger, an Austrian-born former GI, pleaded guilty today to con- spiring to spy on U. S. defense secrets for Communist Russia. production, and' establishment Ponger, 39, entered his plea 24 I new military production facilities hours after Otto Verber, his co- productive base and maintaining at comparatively low level a large productive capacity. Quick Conversion He has told reporters that in case of a national emergency he favors reliance on quick conver- sion of civilian plants to military satisfactory method to result." 'he need might arise. Opponents of this plan, m the Dry for 50 Years, Meeker County Votes to Be Wet Air Force and in the industry, say that while it would be more economical now to close down un- needed plants and-limit production to a comparative few, the nation cannot again afford to risk produc- tion delays that would result from attempts to re-convert or to build anew in time of war. defendant and brother in law, pleaded guilty to the spy conspir- acy. Ponger pleaded guilty to a charge which government lawyers said carried a possible death pen- alty. But the prosecutors, in effect, waived any possibility of the ex- treme penalty for Ponger. As a result, Ponger faces a max- Reports from the imum sentence of 20 years, twice ther confirmed nor denied by de- j the time Verber could receive. I fense that Wilson I Verber and Ponger are former LITCHFIELD, Minn. plans to: j residents of New York. They were County, dry for about a half i 1. Lop 400 six-engine B47s off living in Austria century, is going to permit the sale of legal liquor. In the third special election on ;he subject in 20 years, voters Monday balloted to to end the long drouth. The result means that individual communities may now hold elections on whether hey want to establish municipal iquor stores or set up private Icensing systems. With voting in 1933, shortly after national prohibition was re- pealed, the drys won by a 397 margin. In 1947, when voters went o the polls, their edge had been reduced to a scant 86 ballots. reek Shippers To Curb Trade With Reds, Claim WASHINGTON McCar- thy (R-Wis) says he has obtained greement from another group of Jreek ship owners to curb trade the Air Force's production pro-1 their arrest last gram. .This would wipe out activ- ity at Lockheed's Marietta, Ga., plant and at the Douglas Tulsa, Okla., division, and would limit B47 production to Boeing's plant at Wichita, Kan. 2. Reduce the major B52 produc- tion program getting under way at Seattle to perhaps less than 20 at the time of January. They ith Communist nations. McCarthy's announcement that e had received word from a num- er of Greek ship owners in Lon- qn, that they were voluntarily ithdrawing their ships from trade with Red China and other Soviet loc nations, came after he had meeting yesterday with Mutual ecurity Director Harold E. Stas- en. of the giant eight-jet bombers. Fear 'Magrnot Line' Undersecretary of Defense Roger envoy. Kyes, Secretary of the Air Force Talbott and Undersecretary of the Air Force James Douglas have conferred at Omaha, Neb., with were flown here for trial. Ponger pleaded guilty to con- spiring with Verber and a former official of, the Russian embassy in Washington and in Austria to transmit to Soviet officials in the two countries information con- cerning American defense secrets. The Russian, Yuri Novikov, left for home after the U. S. ruled he Gen. Curtis Lemay, chief of the Strategic Air Command to which the B52s and B47s were to have been assigned. Opponents of these reported Wil- son proposals say any such trend away from bombers and toward fighters would be symptomatic of a "Maginot Line" concept. They argue that an enemy bomber force could over-fly such a defense sys- tem the way the Germans over- rode France's much-touted line of underground fortresses a decade, and a half ago. Wilson recently ordered that mil- itary personnel be clearly informed of "the consequences of unauthor- ized disclosure of classified secur- ity information." As a result, Pentagon officers have "clammed up" noticeably. However, the views of many of them are well known. was not acceptable as a diplomatic WEATHER FEDERAL' FORECAST Winona and and warmer tonight with local show- ers. Wednesday cloudy with occa- sional light rain and turning colder late Wednesday. Low tonight 38, high Wednesday 52. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 58; minimum, 30; noon, 54; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. Temp. 53 at noon, min. 33 at a.m. Noon thin at feet and overcast at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind 18 miles per hour from southeast, barometer 29.85, failing humidity 75 per cent. slowly, 4 Huge Money Bills Already Pass in House Appropriations May Reach Million, Up Millions By JACK MACKAY ST. PAUL m Record-smashing expenditures for the next two years from 33 to 35 million dollars over the 1951 all-time high were certain to be voted by the current Legis- lature, today embarking on its final seven days. Four huge appropriation bills to finance state government already have been passed by the House and these, plus another big educa- tion aid bill, carry total grants in excess of 314 million dollars. This compares with 281 millions appro- priated for the same activities two years ago. Senate versions of the measures run even higher. Indica- tions are that final in conference committees may bring the total another million or two higher than the Housa approved. Violent Violent debate, spiced by charges and denials of "miscon- duct" and "fund robbing" preceded Monday's passage by the House of the bill for state depart- ments. This is higher than two years ago. Elimination of funds for the post now held by E. R. Starkweather, assistant director of game and fish, brought a strong protest from Rep. George Murk, Minneapolis. He charged that Starkweather was being penalized because he refused 'fix" a case involving a .aw violation. "Isn't it true that a certain member of the Legislature fronted "or some game violators and asked u'm to soften up on the ilurk asked. "Isn't it true this investigation began when Stark- veather, a loyal and honest public ervant, Rep. Otto Clark, Osakis, chair- man of an appropriations subcom- mittee that studied the conserva- ion budget, retorted: "I am surprised that any legis- ator would believe anything that." Murk snapped back, "I believe it and you can be surprised if you wish." Rep. Claude Allen, St. Paul, de- fended Clark, He said "this rumor had no part in the subcommittee report." Minority Leader Fred Cina, Au- rora, protested the diversion of from the Iron Range re- sources and rehabilitation fund. The Minnesota Senate passed big school aid bill, raising basic aids from per pupil to S80. A similar bill, scheduled for debate in the House today, the last of five big money bills, provides the same basic aid hike but also contains an increase in equalization aids. Rep. Francis LaBrosse, Duluth, has served notice he will try to increase the basic aid to per pupil. The Senate rejected a simi- lar move on Monday. The House repassed a Senate bill lowering the starting age for com- pulsory school attendance from 8 to 7 years and requiring attend- ance through the ninth grade un- less a student has reached 16 be- fore completing that grade. Outgrowth of Dispute A House-approved bill empower- ing the State Board of Education to set up rules classifying schools also was passed by the Senate. Two bills that were an outgrowth of a dispute over withholding state aid from schools at Pierz and Buckman in Morrison were passed by the Senate. They provide rea- sons for which school aid could be withheld and require the state commissioner of education to ap- prove all contracts entered into by public schools for rental of rooms or transportation of pupils. They are sponsored by Sen. Gordon Rosenmeier, Little Falls. The state education board with- held aid for 1951 from Pierz and Buckman schools on grounds that sectarian religious instruction was being mixed with public education. Rosenmeier told the Senate there is cow no authority in the law for withholding aid and called it "very dangerous doctrine" for the state board to try to exercise powers it claims are "inherent." Rosenmeier said the two bills would make clear what the board can and cannot do. Companion bills have been approved by tha Home Education ;