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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 14, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Colder Tonight, Warmer On Tuesday River Stage 24-Hour (Flood 13) Today (now) 16.29 .44 Year Ago 13.95 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, APRIL 14, 1952 Wi inona Meets 'Greatest Crisis; Dike Gives Way; Airport Flooded Officials Cancel Inauguration of Airline Service Deputy Sheriff's Car Swept Into Crooked Slough For the second time in less than a year, the Prairie Is- land dike road gave way to the pressure of flood waters about 11 p. m. Sunday and the Winona Municipal Air- port today was again under water. Efforts to control the wa- ter pressure with the gate in the dike road proved futile and the new fill, completed last September by the federal govern- ment at a cost of washed away during the night. Plans of the Association of Com- merce and other civic groups for the inauguration of regularly- scheduled airline carrier service by Wisconsin Central Airlines April 27 have been canceled. The dike began to crumble about p. m. Special Deputy Sheriff Palmer Eide who was on duty to regulate the gate, noticed the front of his automobile slip into the dirt fill. The car was parked half- way on the bridge and halfway on the fill. Eide jumped from his car and ran to safety and soon a channel about ten feet wide was cut through the dike on both sides of the bridge, This morning a huge' hole wan than last the base of the bridge itself was washed away. car, a 1948 Ford, wai into Crooked Slough. The cut this year is about 150 feet wide on the south side of the bridge and more than 200 feet wide on the north side. Plans to evacuate the airport were launched as soon as the dike break was reported. Plumbers, electricians and laborers working under the direction of Airport Co- Managers W. A, Galewski and R. T, Patneaude went at the task at top speed and by 2 a. m. today all equipment in the administration building including oil burners, elec- tric wires and furnishings were moved to the second floor. Airline Moves Equipment New radio and weather equip- ment installed last week by Wis- consin Central Airlines had previ- ously been removed under the di- rection of E. E. Kacner, airlines station manager. At midnight the DC-3 owned by the J. R. Watkins Company was flown off the port and small ships were flown away or pulled to high ground this morning by their own- ers and the Winona Flying Service. The Prairie Island road, built as a protective dike for the airport and as an access road to the Pra- irie Island recreation area, was completed early in 1949. The dike withstood high water in the spring of 1950 but 300 feet of it was washed out in 1951. Two young Winonans in a car which was wash- ed into the slough, were maroon- ed on the dike for several hours before being rescued. The U. S. Engineers were called in and the federal government agreed to reconstruct the dike. The hole required 25.000 cubic yards of fill, 40 feet deep in some places, and a new type of construction known as "intrusion prepack and grouting" was used. Some lineal feet of three-quarter-inch pipe was driven into the fill and mixed with concrete and a chem- ical which sealed and The Mississippi River Dominates Hiawatha Val- ley at Winona, all right. Generally, all gray and black- areas in this picture are water, and only the white areas are high and least for now. This picture is toward the west and river Wisconsin is across the river, to the right. In the immediate right foreground that long straight strip of white is the Milwaukee Road right of way. It divides the Mississippi River (to the right of from nver_ backwaters (to the left of This backwater is back- ing up through the Milwaukee trestle a little way be- low the picture. The looping line through these back waters is the abandoned Great Western right of way. It has breaks in it. This backwater is now backing against temporary dikes, but the city today was build- ing another dike along that thin black line (left cen- ter) which is Highway 61. Just beyond this black line is Lake Winona. Should this dike fail to hold, thelake would come up considerably and flood large residen- tial areas on its right shore. Now on the right side of the city: At the upper right the river comes down from the north. Normally it winds down close to the Wisconsin bluffs, but Sun- day night the Prairie Island dike broke and caused flooding of a large area at the top left center. The river is now against a dike at the upper cen- ter. If that dike should break the river would sweep across the west part of the city into the lake. Republican-Herald photo Missouri Crest At Sioux City OMAHA, Neb. UP) The mad Missouri River threw everything it record-breaking flood crest_at the Sioux City, la., area today and gave new intensity to the dramatic fight against water being waged in the downstream Omaha-Council Bluffs, la., area. For Sioux City, with per- sons, and neighboring South Sioux City, Neb., with the crest's arrival was only insult atop injury. Easter Prayers Fall on World Torn by War By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Easter Sunday with its prayers for peace and its spring parades of joy came yesterday for Chris- hardened tians in a modern world of con- the mixture. The dike washed out April 15 a year ago and was finally (Continued on Page 18, Column 2) PRAIRIE ISLAND Surrender had come days earlier and inundation had been a creep- ing, progressive thing. Downstream, town after town was either prostrate or abandoned. But Omaha and Council Bluffs, whose combined metropolitan area takes in persons, were fight- ing it for the worst but determined to forestall it. This was the picture in the twin cities: Flee About two-thirds of Council Bluffs' persons had fled or were pulling out of their homes. Across the river, in the East Omaha and Carter Lake, la., areas, homes of perhaps more were similarly deserted. These were ghost areas, patrol- led only by soldiers, police and civil guards. Not even the' persons who live there were permitted to enter much of the area. Experienced relief workers call- ed the exodus one of'the biggest disaster movements in memory. The river, meanwhile, was at record high levels and steadily climbing toward the 30 foot crest expected Wednesday. The old hieh mark of 24.6 feet. Flood Report Winona meets 'Greatest Crisis' Page 1. Prairie Island road gives way; airport flooded Page 1. Flood Sidelights Page 16. Table of river rises Page 3. River comes up farther on area highways Page 3. In flood statement, Acting Mayor Loyde E. Pfeiffer warns low-lying residences Page 3. Alert signal for city pre- scribed Page 9. Ice floe threat at Lake City decreases Page 16. Homes and industries hit at Wabasha Page 3. A page of pictures of Wino- na's fight against the rising Mississippi River Page 14. A map showing what areas would be flooded if the stage reaches 19 feet AND the break Page 9. Disaster relief operations launched by Red Cross Page 3. Grim-faced group hears city unprepared for 19-foot stage Page 3. Hoodlum Pack Invades Doctor's Milwaukee Home tinuing wars and changing values, j estaDijshed in 1SS1. was passed the reading was flood stage WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and a little colder tonight. Tuesday in- creasing cloudiness and warmer. Low tonight SO, high Tuesday 55. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 39; minimum, 32; i precipitation, 4 inches snow I Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, minimum, 32: noon, 47; precipitation. .44 (2 inches sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 16. There were religious services to yesterday, hail once again the resurrection of Early toda_v Christ. And again millions paraded 4 in their new spring finery along; o{ J9 the world's avenues. j up to Flood Walls But there was no peace in many j At 26.6, the river will be at the places, and some of the tradition ievci which levees and flood walls was gone from the annual fashion along the wo cities were designed promenades. jto handle. Freeboard or safety MILWAUKEE A pack of I young hoodlums invaded the home a doctor in suburban Wauwa- tosa last night, roughed up a teen- age boy and smashed bottles in the house. According to police: Candra Kry- Igier, 15, and a friend, Donald i Metzger, IS, were alone in the while her parents, Dr. and Mississippi Breaks Record at St. Paul ST PAUL, Minn. boiling Mississippi River spread over flatlands along a 15-mile stretch in St. Paul and its suburbs today. The river was at its highest point since records were started ui 1860, and was still rising. The stage today is 21.7 feet. That represents a rise of half a foot over night. Flood stage is 14 feet. The Weather Bureau has forecast crest of 22.4 feet for Thursday. jhouse ___ Millions throughout the f r e e j margin adds three to five feet to Mrs. W. L. Krygier were visiting world prayed for peace this Easter j the levee height, however. Today's j friends nearby. The bell rang and Sunday They massed in Rome to I battle was a continued all-out ef-, jjetzger opened the door a ____ _ Previous high was the 19.7 feet reached in 1881. Already some persons have been forced from the low-lying homes and are receiving Red Cross aid. Floodwaters are flowing across two main streets, Kellogg Boule- vard near the Union station, and Robert Street south of the Robert Street bridge. Water has come into railroad yards on both sides of the Union station and rail service is on a re- duced basis. Two of the Milwaukee railroads four main lines are flooded and unusable. The Chicago, Great Western is bringing trains only as far as South St. Paul. Steam lo- comotives have 'been substituted for diesels, which cannot operate through water. Holman Field, the municipal air- port, is flooded. The surrounding residential area is the hardest hit. The Red Cross has a crew of 200 volunteers and three amphibi- ous vehicles at work assisting in evacuations. A bright spot in the situation was Maniato, on the Minnesota River. The stage there this morn- ing was 24.6 feet, steady since yesterday, and dikes were holding. More pumps were being flown to Mankato to help control seepage. The Weather Bureau said the riv- er would start dropping tomorrow, forecast a stage of 24.5 feet for tomorrow morning. Disaster Area Designation Asked in State _ to find receive blessings from Pope Pius: fort to add two feet to the levee i a gang of'lS to 16 boys. The SL ixil at St Peter's Basilica. Allied height. At the same time workers j parent leader, a young man about i soldiers in Korea knelt in prayer were maintaining constant vigil for j 25 _ for Sandra. Ion the battlefield. Americans went (breaks and giving immediate atten-> rto ST. PAUL C. Elmer An- derson today wired President Tru- man asking that Minnesota be des- ignated as a disaster area because of the flood situation. The governor took action after a conference with Gen. Joseph E. Nelson, state adjutant general; Col. L. G. Yoder, U. S. Army en- gineer; Harvey Armour, represen- tative of the Federal Housing and Home Finance Agency, and Carl R. Myers, state Red Cross rela- tions officer. The designation of flooded sec- tions as critical areas would open the way for government relief and loans from federal agencies for re- habilitation. Services and equip- ment of the state guard already have been made available to dis- tressed communities under an ex- ecutive order signed by the gov- ernor Thursday. Gov. Anderson is planning a per- sonal survey of flooded sections of ,the Mississippi and Minnesota val- The Weather Bureau also report-1 leys late today. He and other offi- i t L.A.J IT-JIT flv over til6 stnckcn Railroads Win O.K. to Raise Freight Rates WASHINGTON state Commerce Inter Commission to to mountains, parks and churches i tion to the sandboils which the d M don't recognize any of led the flow of water had lessened Cloud, north of the Twin and said the river was ex- jpected to drop from 19.5 to 19.2 next 24 hours in north cials will areas. Too Good Pictures for the outdoor sunrise worship, j tremendous pressure was creating, Pilgrims thronged to Jerusalem. i especially on the Iowa side. Pope Pius was cheered by you. What do you j Ulm, up the Minnesota MILWAUKEE !5V-People could shut the door, River from Mankato, the river j went to the Royal Theater 000 in called St. for Peter's "great Square as phalanxes he of apostles" to arise in a new Chris- Itian crusade "to save from threatened ruin." the world side numbered men. Almost the gang pushed into the house as manv worked across the river. iMost of the damage was done m A levee failure could come any- i the basement when the youths who here day gave the railroads a further freight rate increase, estimated to hike charges by about 678 million dollars a year. The rise is nine per cent in the south and wes and six per cent in the east. The order boosts rates 15 pel cent above what they were at this time last year. The railroads applied last year for a 15 per cent increase. ICC last August ruled that instead of a straight 15 per cent hike, th> charges should be raised nine per cent in the east and six per cen in the south and west. Today's order, issued after re consideration, allows the full 15 per cent across the country. This means the rates will now be raised nine per cent in thi south and west and six per cen in the east. This is the 12th general freigh rate increase allowed since tb< end of World War II. The increases may be put intc effect upon 15 days' notice to th public, except for grains and grain products, on which a 30-day rate revision notice will be required. The ICC said domestic wate carriers may apply to their charges the same revisions author ized for the rails. As in the case of the rate in creases granted last August, th ICC termed the new revision "surcharges" which will automat ieally expire Feb. 28, 1354, unles continued on a permanent basis through further action by the com mission. Properties Picketed MINNEAPOLIS Rochester telephone properties were the on ly ones in the Northwestern Bel System being picketed today in the strike of telephone installers .-i icvctr la-uui c luuiu i i_ iii during or after the i smashed whiskey bottles Meager crest. iwai slapped and pushed around. dropped inches between Sunday last night were assured of seems j company officials said today this morning after crest- a couple of pictures that were bet-j There were two pickets at th S? at 27 feet, inlhes. This U ter than they deserved. At least main telephone buJding in Roches- less than a foot below the record j the sign on the theater marquee j ter and two at the company gar- j IContimwd level of 188L said: "Too good "amp McCoy felp Asked n Emergency Men and Machines Rush Building of Dikes for 19 Feet By FRED LEIGHTON Republican-Herald Staff Writer More than 500 flood- weary workers, an estimated hree score dump trucks, 11 lugfe draglines, uncounted Bulldozers and "cats" and ie prayers of per- sons are pitted today against .he Mississippi River. Acting Mayor Loyde E. Pfeiffer terms it "the great- est crisis" in the history of Winona. The raging Mississippi River, chewing away at the city's earthen ramparts, swept to 16.19 feet Sunday night, roared through the new Prairie Island jate structure, settled back for six lours, then lunged upward this morning to 16.20 feet at 10 o'clock and 16.29 at 1.11 feet below the all-time high recorded April 11, 1951. Again, awestruck river forecast- ers revised their flood predictions. The U. S. Army engineers said this morning the river will crest at 18.5 feet, possibly higher. A. D. Sanial, La Crosse meteorologist, stuck by his prediction the river's rise will stop at 18.2 he said it will be Sunday before the peak is reached. City Engineer W. 0. Cribbs sent an emergency call late Sunday night to the Army engineers for 100 soldiers from Camp McCoy to supplement the army of civilian workers already throwing all avail- able construction equipment into the greatest dike-building under- taking ever attempted here. 6 Drkt Structures Finished or nearlng completion today are six separate dike struc- tures on the city's west, north and east fringes. More than cubic yards of fill have been moved onto dikes, totaling feet itt ength. Sandbagging operations al- ready have consumed burlap bags. The number is growing at a rate of 500 per hour.- These significant developments tiighlight the. city's battle against the river: The greatest skirmish with the floods has been joined today on the Minnesota City road where City Engineer W, 0. Cribbs this morn- ing ordered the entire road raised to withstand a river stage of 19 feet at the Winona feet on the road. As a score of trucks feed gigantic quan- tities of fill into the critical area, surveyors are staking the road with delicate instruments to assure all diking calculations are accurate. The entire Chicago North Western Railway roadbed lying just beyond the Minnesota City dike is undergoing strengthening. M. S. Reid, Madison, Wis., district engineer of the North Western, is personally directing the operation. Cribbs said, "The railroad com- pany is co-operating 100 per cert." All of the railroad's rolling stock and engines have been placed at the disposal of crews bracing the roadbed We arc strengthening the North Western right of way as a secondary defense." He said all culverts are closed and sand-bag- ged, and additional reinforcements are going in at all points where weakness is possible. Three-foot high earthworks behind the North Western main line, from the foot of Olmstcad Street west, are getting additional reinforcing today. Water is lappinc at the railroad's main line and all service on the line was been dis- continued. The road is bringing trains into its downtown station to- day on yard tracks. Water will have to rise by two feet before all rail- road service in the North, Western yard area is discontinued, a spokes- man there said this morning. The North Western bridge over the Mississippi has been taken out of service, and a work train loaded with sand was parked on the bridge at midnight Sunday to hold the structure against the pounding wa- ters. The railroad is using Milwau- kee Road tracks in routing its trains out of the city. A dike structure to exceed the one thrown up in the spring of 1951 is nearing completion on Man- kato Avenue .today. Engineers nave Pag. II, Column 3) i age. ;