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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 14, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER n tonight s Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations OKOLSKY Read ni.i New Column Daily on Editorial Tags VOLUME 47, NO. 48 EVENING, APRIL 14. 1947 WiNONA, MINNESOTA, FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Around-World Fliers Leave Shanghai Senate Labor Bloc Agrees On Strike Bill Would Permit Cour Injunctions Nation-Wide Tieups By Max Hall M'ashinirtcm The Sennt labor committee toduy upprove' of ;i general labor bll issuance of court In Jur-.ctlons to block "national para lysis" strikes. The committee also voted to es thb'.ish a new federal mediation awney, independent of the Lnbo; department. Chairman Robert Taft (R.-Ohlo; said provisions of a preliminary emit covpru-.R both the strike situa- tion and the mediation agency v ere approvd "substantially with- out change." Hr told reporters no formal vote UH.', taken. The Senate committee acted ns the House made ready to besln rlrbate tomorrow on a Ktrlke-curb- liii; Krnrrnl Inbor bill. Speaker Jos Martin ft.-Mass.) forecast that l: win paM by ii majority of moro than two to onr. Provisions of (till Thf Senate bills strike provision authorizes the attorney Kcneral to petition for an the courts to grant ".sub- stantially an entire Industry" faces or is engraged In fi strike which Imperils national health and safety. The attorney Keneral could act alter obtaining n, repoi't from a fact-finding board. When the Injunction had been in effect 60 days, workers would hold a secret ballot election within the next 20 days to decide whether to xtrtke or accept a final settle- ment offer. The injunction then would be discharged. If the workers voted TO strike, the President could ask Congress to take "appropriate ac- tion." What this -would be Is not speci- fied in the bill, but Taft wild Con- gress could decide on government Judge John C. Gaveney, 83, Found Dead in Smoldering Chair at Whitehall Home Judge John C. Gaveney General Condition of Danish King Unchanged A bulletin from Amallenborff costlo today said that Kin? Christian "spent a quiet night with (food sleep, his general condition is un- changed." The 70-year-old monarch, who was stricken with a heart Ailment Easter Sunday, is being: attended by physicians. Whitehall, Wis. Pact Sought On Disarming Of Germany Marshall to Ask Molotov Vote on Long Range Measure U. S. Secretary ol State George C. Marshall proposed today the Immediate appointment by the council of foreign ministers of plenipotentiaries to negotiate a 40-year four-power treaty to insure German demilitarization and dis- armament. The American secretary proposed that a provision be included in the peace treaty "to bind the German state and become the law of the land." Highly placed informants said Marshall had been prepared to ask the Soviet Union to agree in prin- ciple to the long-range treaty and( that he would be willing to leave Liner Elizabeth In No Immediate Peri! Southampton, A dock official reported that the Cunard White Star flagship Queen Elizabeth was as-round off the entrance to Southampton harbor. A Southampton docks officer reported the Elizabeth wna up- right and in no danger. The ship, world's largest passenger liner, was heading- for the river, inward bound from New York, when she ran her bow onto a mud bank. Five tujts were sent from Southampton to help pull the ship free. A sixth, the Romsey, which was attending the finer, also joined in the efforts. Phone Union Plans Appeal To President ;mcr Trcmpcaleau County JudgejProposal first was advanced a year Tart Bald the committee decided to net up nn advisory panel of Jilx labor representatives and six In- dustry officials to consult with the director of mediation agency which would be created under the bill. Debate Tomorrow The Senate committee acted as House G.O.P. members were Inn over their labor legislation in a party conference. The bill comes up for debate to- morrow. A two-thirds majority Is necessary to cancel any presidential Prior to the G.O.P. meeting, a 19-xin.n majority on the labor com- mittee declared In a report thnt the legislation would protect work- ers from a "despotic tyranny." A six-man Democratic minority contended, however, the bill l.s "de- i'.tx-ratrly dcsifciied to wreck the ItnnK standard of the American people" and to "punish Majority and minority views were made known as the House rules committee cleared the controversial omnibus labor bill for ac- tion expected pnss- nee by Friday, On the other side of Capitol Hill, Se-fiator Oeorgc D. Alkcn (B.-Vt.) (Continued on Tape C. Column 2) LAIIOK HILL 7ulI-Scale Coal )perations Open; June Strike Looms Pittsburgh Full resump- tion of soft coal production, came today with the end of John L. Lewis' safety shutdown but the threat of a June 30 strike hung over the industry-. Weekend orders ]n which Lewis directed United Mine Workers dis- trict officials to send diggers back to work In pits the union deemed reasonably safe promised a lively In- crease in production. Industry In Good Shape Resumption of large-scale mining finds fuel-consuming industries gen- erally in good shape, thanks to ade- quate reserves. The work stoppage began April 1 with a six-day mourn- ing period for Cer.tralla, 111., mine blast victims, and then continued until Saturday undor Lewis' edict that miners would stay at home pending federal inspection of all mines. Still Idle were some 123 pits out of 518 which Interior Secretary J, A. John C. Gaveney, 83, was founc dead about p. m. Sunday in a smoldering chair in his home here It was believed that the former judge suffered a heart attack, since he has had a heart ailment for several years, and dropped his cigar on the upholstered chair. This ex- planation was affirmed by his phy- sician, who said the slumped In his chair. judge had Mrs. Gaveney had been in the room shortly before to bring him dinner. When she loft the judge was smoking. Shortly thereafter she smellcd smoke, and hurrying to Judge Gavcnoy's room, she found the chair and his clothes on fire. The Whitehall fire department was called. Judge Gaveney was appointed to the county bench In 1931 to fill the uncxplrcd term of the late E. F. Honsel. He served until April, 104C, when he retired at the age of 82 because of 111 health. At that ttme he was one of the nation's oldest Jurists. Was School Principal Born in the town of Arcadia June 30, 3803, he was the son of James Gaveney and Maria Briggs. He attended the University of Wis- consin, graduating with a B.A. in 1885 and his law degree In 1888. While there he was a member of the university baseball team, being a catcher and center fielder at various times. Weather KKOKKAL POKKCASTS Wlncim arid vicinity: Increasing tonight, followed by light local showers late tonight nncl Tues- day. Warmer Tuesday. Low to- high Tuesday CO. ML.izifv.otii: Fnlr tonight. Cooler cloudy anrt slightly wurrnrr with light showers lurii: central. WiM-ont.m: I-'air tonight and Tci-.-rfJiiy, Cooh-r north and west tonsil'- "nd southeast Tuesday. LOCAL WKATHKR O.'Tlclnl observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. toclny: Maximmii. w. minimum. 30: noon, precipitnlion. trace; sun sets to- at sun rises tomorrow For he 24 hours ending at 12 m. day: M.i.xnmim, 52: minimum. 25; noon, pn-ripitiitlon. iioiir. IXSKWIIEHK Max. Mill. Pel. Krug ordered closed until specific safety measures were taken. The other 305 have been Inspected and found safe. Last week ended with production touching 60 per cent of normal. Failure to rcclvo the latest Lewis return to work "order was likely to delay renewal of full production in some areas After leaving tho university h practiced law for two yenrs Jn Mil waukce and Stevens Point, return Ing to Arcadia upon the death o his father. For three years alter his return he was concerned primarily with the management of n flour mill and lumber yard whieh his father hac founded. During that time he also served as principal of the Arcadia and Independence High schools. Partner of Cowic, Barlow After that lie turned his ac- ago. Hope was expressed that Mar- shall's willingness to negotiate the details would clear the way at this time for agreement in principle. First Suggested by Byrnes The informants said that under his new approach, the Americans, as well as the Russians, French and British could put forward proposals for changes in the suggested 40-year pact as advanced by Former Secre- tary of State James P. Byrnes. The treaty was on today's agenda along with further discussions of German political problems, but there was some likelihood that considera- tion of the measure might extend through tomorrow's session. The Soviet Union is the only one of the four powers concerning whose position on this issue there is any jncertainty. When Byrnes proposed ;hc treaty last April 29 at Paris, Molotov kept it off the conference agenda, and later the Moscow radio attacked Ifc. Britain favors it. France Draws to XJ. S. Meanwhile, with plain talk In view on the treaty. Western diplomats' noted a steady tightening of France's The White telephone Washington House strike negotiations arc "in. the hands of the Labor department." This was the reply of Presidential Secretary Charles C. Ross when asked whether the White House was taking a hand in the nation-wide strike. President Truman yester- day turned aside inquiries about the possibility of personal action with no-comment replies. Joseph A. Beirne, president of the National Federation of Telephone Workers, planned a direct appeal to Mr. Truman, but disclaimed any de- sire for government seizure of the industry. As the nation-wide'tie-up entered ts second week, the C.I.O. promised ts "effective cooperation" with the striking N.P.T.W. unions. When Ross asked at his news con-! 'erence whether John R. assistant to the -president and one I of his labor advisers, was doing inythlng in connection with the .olephone walkout, he replied: "He s not." Labor Dcpartni Top federal officials told report- relations with Britain and thc'ei.s thcy stul are pinnmg their set- TTnifnrl Rfnt'oc fie 1.1 _.._._i_ .1___._x___j_ United States, ns this council con- ference entered Its sixth week. Foreign Minister Georges P. Bi- dauli, of France came to Moscow I tions "sot Washington "to "set French Informants said, declaring j the pace for bargaining conferences that he was willing: to accept such of system units all over the tlement hopes on Labor department efforts. However, the elaborate negotlic- a treaty only as part of a general prlnclpally Illinois. In other sections, tardy action by local committees held up .scattered Strike Threat The June 30 strike threat stems from the fact that the date marks the end of government control of the mines unless Congress makes some other provision. And Lewis and tho operators are still far apart on any contract to replace that now held by the U.M.W. with the gov- ernment. The miners, staunch bc- ,levers In a "no contract, no policy, apparently will not be ham- pored under private control of the mines by the court order which now blocks their tra-dltlonal tendency to drop picks and helmets when their contract expires. Paul NrU' OrlriUi.-, Ncv. York Seatt do 70 .14 C8 82 .0 1.2- 45 49 45 KIVKH i CUM Flood Stiige 24-Hr Stagr Today Change 14 ,5 11! B.l -I- t- .1 I- .1 B.l H.7 J..i Orosf.r 12 10, Tributary (it NrlllKVfllr___ 7.1 KIVKIC FOKKCAST il-'rom to Guttcnhurp) All small tributaries will fall in- cluding the Chippcwn, Black and upper Wisconsin rivers. Under pres- precipitation conditions, the Mississippi will now rise very slowly frrim St. Pnti! to clam No. 10 with iivciucr crests next Wednesday .3 '.n 4 foot higher I him present levels fjcccjil at Prulrlo (In Chlcn >'i may .5 to .0 foot higher. State Institution Fund Gets Initial O. K. St. 1'nul A bill outlining df'tnll.i for expenditure for ji 000.000 building fund for state in- stitutions set up by the last Jcgiii- lature wns given preliminary ap- proval toclny In the senate. Most of the money, would go for construction or units for cure of senile patients commit- ted to state hospitals. Such units would be built at in St. Peter, Rochester, Fergus Fnll.s, and Moosu Luke. Sun on Los Angclei Beaches Los Lifeguards CHtlmiited thcrn were persons nislilntf the Neuson nt LOH Angeles area beaches yes- terday. A pre-summer heat wave blistered this locality for the third successive day, the mer- cury reaching a high of 93. DruvlnfT sunburn on tho sand, the beach fans found the water tvmpcriitum around G'.l or M, although it rarely cxccedH GO before June. tlvitlcs to his law practice and became a partner of Robert S Cowie, now Judge of the felxth Wis- consin. Judicial circuit. Later he became a partner of E. E. Barlow, now nn associate justice of the Wisconsin supreme court. From 1001 to 1905 Judge Gaveney was state senator from Trempen- leau county, and during World War I wns iv member of the .state draft bonrd. He married Isatlore Webster, the stepdaughter of a Madison Judge, April a, 1890. Telephone Pioneer More than 45 years ago ho or- ganized the county's first telephone system, consisting of 11 exchanges. It was known then as the Western Wisconsin Telephone Company, and was the forerunner of the present Community Telephone Company of Wisconsin. He and several associates also built the ll-mile-long Ettrlck and Northern railway, and planned to continue it Into La Crossc. How- ever, the plans were Interrupted by World War I and construction was stopped when the road reached Blair. Judge Gnveney Is survived by his wife, and two children, Mrs. Henry (Marguerite) Docile, Sheep Creek, B. C., and Stnnlelgh, Mil- waukee, and four grandchildren. Funeral services will be held Thursday at 2 p. m. at the Gavcncy home, with the Arcadia-arid White- hall Masonic lodges in charge. Washington Senator Mil- Judge Gaveney was a member R. Young CR.-N. D.) said today i w A _ i "Riivlnl Vin jthe government's postwar price sup- security system to include long-term country failed to bear fruit In the first week. occupation, economic arrangements; The striking unions contend that and a political structure agreeable has refused to bargain on to France. However, they added, he now is ready to agree at once to the thcir ten nation-wide demands and scores local Issues. a Marshall proposal and then work I T, later on for other security factors T1'c tcn clemands ns separate issues, n to acceptance of the treaty. ot as co-idlUons Weckly .ot, as, conditions, aud jonBer vacations, union There was a considerable; belief in the American group HBtje that Molotov's reaction to the disarma- ment plan might have a vital Influ- ence on the remainder of the con- ference, since Marshall already has made it plain that his attitude on a variety of German questions may depend to a large extent on the ef- icacy of the security system the Allies are able to set up. U.N. Gets Deed 'or Headquarters New the East river, where the United Nations' skyscraper headquarters will be built, more than persons gathered on a playground yes- terday and heard Francis Car- dinal Spcllman, Unman Catholic archbishop of New York, de- clare that "today we set apart and dedicate this portion of America to be :i temple of peace." Cardinal Spcllman uave the invocation .it a ceremony at which Mayor William O'Dwycr handed to U.N. Sccretary-Ccn-. cral Trysre Lie the deed for seven acres of Manhattan land worth part of the headquarters site. nion. security and dues checlc-olt. The more than 20 companies in the Bell system of- fered to arbitrate the wage de- mnnds locally but declined to bar- gain on 11 system-wide basis. C.I.O. aid for the Indepen4ent N.F.T.W. unions was announced formally by Organization Director Allan S. Haywood, who said C.I.O. regional' directors will meet here to- night to discuss the strike. Increase C.I.O. Backinff Among other things, Haywood Milton Reynolds Chicago Industrialist, receives a packnge of clothing from his brother-in- Jaw, Paul Levy, shortly after Reynolds and his crew set their converted A-2C plane down at Orly Field, near Paris, completing second leg of proposed'round-the-world flight. Mrs. Paul Levy, Reynolds' sister. Is at left. (A.P. Wircphoto via radio from Paris.) Route of tho Bombshell said, they will pi nil "to increase the effective cooperation of all C.I.O. instrumentalities in assisting the Truman Crack-Down On Wallace Sought By Jack Bell Truman seems to have the choice today ol (A) Cracking down on former Vice-President Henry A. Wallace or (B) Pacing- Republican charges that the administra- tion's foreign policy Isn't above politics. Wallace, highly critical of the President's Greek-Turkish aid program, has been roundly cltlclzed In Congress for remarks dur- Hopes to Beat Time Of Hughes BULLETIN round-the-world plane took off for Tokyo at a, m. daylight time, today p. m. Wlnona Ume after one hour and 24-minute itop- ovcr at Shanghai's airfield. Shanghai W5) The Reynolds round-the-world piano landed at Kiangnwan airfield north of Shang- hai at Tuesday Chinese day- light time a. m., Monday Wi- nona The converted A-26 at- tack bomber carrying Chicago manu- facturer Milton Reynolds and crew of two had taken off from Cal- cutta six hours and 55 minutes previously. Refueling was begun Im- mediately lor the next leg of the trip, to Tokyo. Tlie Reynolds plane, the Bomb- shell, was 42fhjjurs and 47 'hjjurs ar Ids Flis ing his current speaking tour of.- England. Although they didn't put it just that way, some Republicans made it plain they will have little patience with talk about bipartisan coopera tion if Mr. Truman doesn't disavo Wallace despite the political effcc such a move might have. Wallace Says: Action Wanted Soon Friends of Senator Arthur Van to wTn'uieir Ju'stjdenberg said the chair demands, and to mobilize labor andlmim of the Senate foreign relation I public support on their Haywood said C.I.O. unions in the telephone industry have "voted to respect the strikers' picket lines.'" The A.P.L. has taken no stand publicly on the national strike, al- though both the A.F.L. and C.I.O. have joined with the N.P.T.W. and other Independent unions in calling a one-day general strike next Fri- That walkout demonstration against a hastily-enacted state law imposing fines on the telephone strikers for each clny they arc out. The state's striking telephone unions remain Idle and :est tho constitutionality of the act n i court. day in New Jersey, is intended as a committee will be mightily disap pointed if the President doesn act, and soon. Varidenberg is having his trouble as it is keeping some of his G.O.P colleagues In lino for the President program. Senator E. H. Moore R.-Okla pointed up the Republican view wit a weekend statement saying it wa "unfortunate that the day prim- Wallace's first speech in London making an open attack on Anted can foreign policy. President Tru man gave him a vcrba 3at on the bock and began to wo lim Into the 1948 presidential cam (Continued on Page 6, Column 5 TRUMAN PRESSED Postwar Farm Program May Not Cost Taxpayers a Cent, Senator Young Says )t at Arcadia. Trempenluau County Sherill Basi Erickson and Coroner Martin A Wlemer investigated the death yes- terday. Parker-Campbell Separation Announced Las Ncv. The mar- ried team of film writers, Dorothy Parker, poetess and wit, and Alan Campbell, Is splitting. Campbell told reporters lie had taken residence here to seek a di- vorce. He said a wartime separa- tion made the couple "strangers." He served as a captain in the in- telligence division, army air forces, being stationed in England. Miss Parkei- and Campbell were murrlcd In 1933. She and her first husband. Edwin Parker, were di- vorced shortly after World War I. port program- for agricultural prod- ucts "may not cost taxpayers a cent." Referring specifically to nn esti- mated government out- lay to support potato prices, Young told a reporter on one crop may be made1'up by gains on another." The North Dnkotan, a member of the Senate agriculture committee, said the Commodity Credit Corpora- tion, which handles the support program authorized by the Stegall amendment; had made a net profit of up to the end of last year. Under this amendment, most mn- ior farm- products are guaranteed a price or not less than. 00 per cent of parity until the end of 1948. Young asserted that subsidies during the war "commonly charged up to the farmer" were, in effect "consumer subsidies in that thcy were designed to keep grocery bills clown while encouraging food pro- duction under a price ceiling." "Big business." he said, "has re- ceived subBklk'fi und ald.s from gov- ernment far greater than any given to cither thu fanner or the- con- sumer during the war. "The two-year postwar price guarantee given farmers under the Stegall amcn'dment amounts to a contract termination, clause for them. i "By contrast. President Truman aas estimated that the total cost of war contract terminations will reach "Industry benefited by the cer- tification of worth of privately-financed war plants, which neant that worth of taxes owed by the corporations which built these plants could be charged, off. "In addition, it Is estimated that wartime tax refunds to big busi- ness will total or more "On, top of that, the government spent over to build war plants which were used by cor- porations for their private profit and which are now being disposed of to corporations at a fraction of their original cost. Farmers get no such help." Young said he has asked James E. Webb, director of the Bureau of the Budget, to give him a detailed summary of financing of war plants and facilities, their cost to the gov- ernment, those that are being dis- iosed of and the eventual net cost to the government of the entire program. He said failure of the government to carry through on its guarantees under the price support program ;o the farmer "would be equivalent to backing out on a contract." I'll Speak for Peace Until the End of My Day; By 1. Campbrll London Henry A. Wallace declared in a statement today lha "I will go on speaking out for peace wherever men will listen to me un- til the end of my days." The former vice-president of the United States thus defied Con- gressional criticism of the campaign :ic has been conducting: in western Europe against President Truman's foreign policy. "Only If a state of war existed could I be accused of giving aid and comfort to any enemy in expressing my point of he asserted. The British Broadcasting Corpor- ation was criticized in newspapers .oday -for giving Wallace network time at a favored spot last night for i talk in which he asserted that the immense power and wealth of America is being used for strategic vnd military purposes." Wallace made a JS-mlnutc BBC iroadcast immediately after the lopular quarter-hour 9 O'clock Jcws. Some BBC officials estimat- d that at least British icard him. Earlier, Wallace drew some Reynolds Flight Log The log of the Reynolds Bombshell on its 'round-the- world flight: (Winona. time.) p. m. Saturday: Took off from New York city. p. m.: Landed at Cinder field, Newfoundland, covering miles. p. m.: Took off from Gan- der for Paris. n. m. Sunday: Passed over Shannon, Erie, miles from Gander; miles cov- ered. a. m.: Landed at Paris. GOfi miles from Shannon, miles covered. a. m.: Took off from Paris for Cairo. a. m.: Landed at CaJ- ro, miles from Paris; mi lei covered. p. m.: Took off for Ka- rachi, India. p. m.: Landed at Kara- chi, miles covered- p. m.: Took oft for CaJ- cutta- n. m. Monday: Landed at, Calcutta mi Irs from Karachi milra covered. a. m.: Took off for a. m.: haf. Landed at Shang- out of New York when it Reynolds said reached he -was 16 to 18 hours behind his schedule but he .still had a good to boat the previous unoffi- cial record of Ol hours and 14 min- utes, -set in 1938 by Howard Hughes. Reynolds said the Bombshell flew iver the war famous Burma Hump it feet. Before leaving Cal- utta he declared "Barring we should Continued on Papc 6. Column 6) REYNOLDS FLIGHT iisler Indicted Federal Jury .stencrs for another speech critical f President Truman's plan for in aid to Greece and Turkey. He said comment which peeches here have evoked in the nited States Senate seemed to TOW "a hysterical state of mind lu- icatlng a feeling thnt the United tates now in all truth is war 1th In his radio speech, Wallace sug ester that the United States should use its wealth "to raise the stand- rd of living in countries which ould become great market for American exports." Speaking the day after the second nnlversary of President Franklin Roosevelt's death, he lauded Mr. Washington A federal rand jury today indicted Gcrhart Clsler, alleged communist leader. n chnrges of swearing to fnlse tatemcnts when seeking to leave ie United States in 194S. Eislcr, 54, a German alien who ns been living in New York, also under indictment for contempt of Congress. That charge was brought last February when he re- fused to testify under oath befora the House committee on un-Amcr- Icnn activities. Elslcr called before the com- mittee after other witnesses de- scribed him as the one-time master mind of the communist movement in the United States. Today's indictment. contained three counts. It charges him with concealing when he sought an alien departure permit from the State department in 1945: 1. "That he was a member of the Communist party. 2. "That he had used aad was lowri by various aliases, 3. "The fact he hnd been in the jUniU'd States within the last prc- ontlniitil on Pace 6. Column 1) ceding len years of the date of the WALLACE TALK (affidavit." ;