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View Sample Pages : Winona Republican Herald, April 10, 1953

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 10, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight And Saturday, Cooler Tonight River Stage 24-Hour (Flood Stage 13) Today 8.91 .02 Year Ago 14.45 VOLUME 53, NO. 45 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 10, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Exchange All POWs, Reds Propose "This 138-Foot Brick Smokestack pulled down at the former power plant site at Indiana State Teachers College in Terre Haute, Ind. A dragline pulled a brace from a cutaway section, at left, at the base of the stack to start the fall. The pictures were taken with separate cameras. (AP Wirephoto) Governor Threatens Special Session if Work is Unfinished By JACK MCKAY i lie are not properly cared for." ST. PAUL L-P The Minnesota The governor expressed concern Legislature had a warning from I over the 6Vi million dollar cut pro- Gov. Anderson today that he i posed for the state institutions by would call a special session if' the House Appropriations Commit- "matters of importance to the pub- TODAY Germany Won't Stay Divided tee. He said it 'doesn't seem consis- tent" to slash allowances for the mental health program and penal reform and, on the other hand, increase grants for the University of Minnesota. The Senate Finance Committee has approved an appropriation of two million dollars more than the governor recommended, but less than the amount requested by the university. "My deepest concern now is that cut in the budget for the programs for the mentally ill, the physically m our state By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON The next tar-1 get of the Soviet peace offensive nor declared. is almost certainly Germany. On "They are deserving of consid- this point. West German Chancel- eration beyond any other phase of lor Konra'd Adenauer and his ad- j state service. Theirs is the last bud- let which should be trimmed. "As the situation now stands, on visers see eye to eye with the leading American officials. Both House Approves Big State Aids To Schools Bill ST. PAUL The huge state aids school bill, providing an ad- ditional cost of million for the next two years, was approved today by the Minnesota House Ap- propriations committee. Basic aids are increased from S70 to per pupil unit and equal- ization aids hiked from a top of in the poorest districts to a maximum of However, notice was served by Representatives' Francis LaBrosse of Duluth and Peter Popovich St. Paul that they would try to amend the bill to a maximum of per pupil unit when the bill comes up for debate on the, House floor. Both LaBrosse and Popovich told the committee members they were not satisfied with the figure but, rather than take the time of the committee with the session now in the "home stretch" they would seek to amend the bill on the floor. The Senate school aid bill calls for an increase from to in basic aid without a change in equalization aid. It is estimated the basic aid boost will cost Spring Wind, Rain Fatal to Two in Illinois, Indiana By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Early spring wind and rain storms spread into the East and South today after sweeping across Illinois and Indiana Thursday night, killing two persons and in- juring about 30 others. Small tornadoes skipped across areas in East Central Illinois and across Indiana to the Ohio border. The twisters flattened houses and trees in several small communi- ties and rural areas in both states. The area near Albany, Ind., about 12 miles northeast of Mun- cie, appeared the hardest hit. Mrs. Stella Green, 47, and her son, Ar- nold, 10, were killed when their small frame home was demolished. Three other members of the fam- ily were injured. A dozen other persons in Albany, a town of about also were injured. Eight persons were hurt in the tornado which struck north of Danville. 111., while two others were injured as tornadic winds hit Lincoln, 111. The twisters were part of a fast- moving storm which developed in the Central Plains states and ex- tended over the Great Lakes re- gion, Ohio Valley and Upper Mis- sissippi Valley. Strong winds continued today _______ __________ _ the Germans: the basis of the House Appropria- are so cosvinced that s new Soviet tion Committee action, funds for move in Germany is inevitable that badly needed improvements have j an additional SlVi million and the this prosppct, and what to do about i been" denied, but further than that equalization aid increase an addi- ,t. r ____ !ii _______ :ij. __ U _ rtiiri f n 1 C5 flflfl it, have been the chief subject of the committee also has wiped out anxious discussions since Ade- j improvements made in past leg- nauer came to Washington. [islative sessions." The sense of anxiety is conveyed Big Money Bill by one official's keep I The first big money bill of the wondering if the Russians are go-I Senate was passed by the House, ing to ask for a conference on The measure covers allowances Germany this afternopn at 2 for the state historical society, sol- o'clock, or maybe at 3." Some ad- diers home and a number of other visers 'are urging President Eis- j functions partly supported by pub- enhower and Secretary of State j ijc fUIKjs Grants for the next two Dulles boldly to seize the initiative, years totaled for these perhaps themselves proposing I a conference on a German peace treaty, based on free elections and agencies. The House also passed a bill permitting the issuance of five mil- lion dollars in bonds to refinance rural credits certificates due this a united Germany. Plan Considered The American leaders are cer- j vear inlv considering some such i Rcp claude Allen, St. Paul, chairman of the House Appropria tainly considering some course, and they havu certainly discussed the matter Chancel- tions Committee, said the defic- lor Adenauer. the issue is in ience bill would make jt possible doubt, partly because the whole off the rural credit debt problem has produced a curious I in 10 created in 1923, the schizophrenic reaction in the State i rural bureau issued loans Department. The prospect of re- I iQ hard farrners. The loss to newed negotiations with the Rus-, h statc on lhjs venture is esti. sians about Germany fill some of- j mated at {rom 40 to 45 million ficials with something very like j d h ]t; f; u liquidated, panic. Others, while recognizing the grave dangers involved, be- IAuen 'salu' lieve that it is just possible that a time of great opportunity is at hand. The panic is understandable. Ev- en a seemingly serious offer by the Soviets to negotiate a reason- able German peace treaty could throw the Western alliance into an uproar. It could bring the already I cent. Greece Devalues Currency by 50% ATHENS, Greece Greece declared a bank holiday today and devalued her currency by 50 per faltering European army project to a dead halt. It could persuade the Germans that only the Amer- icans stood in the way of a united Germany. If a German peace treaty should actually be negotiated, moreover, the basi; of Western strategy will be twisted out of shape. The So- viets will certainly demand the withdrawal of all occupation troops as a condition of agreement. This is, at least in German eyes, by no means too high a price to pay for German unity. But where else in the continent, fearful officials ask, can American troops be stationed? And how can the West be sure that a sovereign Germany will not ul- The drastic cut in the value of the drachma was announced in a radio broadcast Thursday night. Banks were ordered closed today while the devaluation was being carried out. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy tonight and Saturday. Cool- er tonight. Low tonight 2li, high Saturday 44. LOCAL WEATHER Official observation for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 49; minimum, 35; timately ally itself with the Soviet 43; precipitation, .72; sun sets Union? i tonight at sun rises tomorrow Yet some of the bolder policy j at 5.31 makers hold that such fears are ir- AIRPORT WEATHER rational. It is almost inconceiv- (NO. Central Observations) able, they say, that the Soviets are really serious about a German peace treaty. If the Soviets are merely planning a wrecking op- eration, they say, it is.easy enough (Continued on Page 5, Column 5.) ALSO PS Max. Temp. 46 at p. m. Thursday, Min, 27 at a. m. today. Noon over- cast at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind 18 miles per hour from west, northwest, humidity 90 per cent, barometer 29.58, rising slowly. tional The equalization aids were raised so that the first step would be per pupil unit and thereafter there would be 50 cent step in- total of 22 more until it reaches Wife Worth Sued for Alimony LOS ANGELES A real estate man, who says he's ill and can't support himself while his wife controls a half million dollar fortune, has sued for a divorce and S350 a month alimony. Ralph S. Brown, 57, charged cruelty in a suit filed Thursday against Mrs. Daisy Henrietta Brown, 75. Dulles Caught In Middle on Far East Issue Point of Origin For Articles on Orient Policy, Claim WASHINGTON mentators named Two com- Secretary of State Dulles last night as the point of origin of a number of recent j newspaper stories on Far Eastern policy. A story on Korea and Formosa published by the New York Times j was denied by the White House j yesterday, leading Sen. Knowland j (R-Calif) to call for an investiga- tion as to where it originated. On separate broadcasts last night, commentators Eric Seva- reid and Bill Costello said the stories had their origin in a back- ground session which Dulles held with a number of correspondents. Each said he was not present at the session. Hundreds of Persons "There must be by now many hundreds of persons in Washington j who know the source of the sto- j Sevareid said. "It was the secretary of .state, himself. j "Mr. Dulles discussed the whole problem of post-armistice Korea and Formosa; he specifically au- thorized that State Department thinking on these matters could be printed, conditioned only by the familiar restriction against naming the source." Dulles could not be reached for comment on Sevareid'.s broadcast. The New York Times said in a Washington dispatch yesterday that the Eisenhower administration is willing to accept a boundary at the waist of the Korean Peninsula, some 80 miles north of the present battle lines. The same dispatch said the administration was con- sidering the possibility of a United Nations trusteeship for Formosa with a Formosan republic as its ultimate goal. Some hours after this was pub- throughout the Great Lakes region and the Upper Mississippi Valley. Snow flurries were reported in Minnesota and eastern parts of the Dakotas. Hall Elected Republican Chairman WASHINGTON 14V-The Republi- can National Committee today un- animously elected former Rep. Leonard W. Hall of New York as its national chairman. The committee accepted, with j White House Press Secre- expressions of regret, the resigna-1 tary James C. Hagerty issued a tion of C. Wesley Roberts of Kan- statement saying the admmistra- sas. It gave voice approval of a tion (1) has never reached any resolution expressing deep appre- conclusion that a permanent divi- ciation for work and of Korea is desirable or con- praising him as a "friend of in-latent with decisions of the UN., tegrity whom we hold in high es-' hno teem." Roberts resigned after a Kansas legislative committee held he had violated the spirit of a state anti- correspondent of the Times, corn- lobbying act by accepting a :Eee in Dented that his paper was only connection with the sale of a hos-lone of several reputable newspa- pital to the state in 1951. He hadjpers and press associations that no official Republican party posi-! published toe story, tion at the time li ls another instance of the Hall got the approval Friday of I administration getting its wires President Eisenhower, Vice Pres- j crossed and blaming the conse- ident Nixon and Senate and House quences on the press, Krock said, party leaders. I Hall's election put the 52-year- j U0J., I amarr old New York surrogate judge at j neay uamdn the helm of the party for whatjjj.5. Citizenship Rear Adm. John Daniel, chief U. N. prisoner of war negotiator at Panmunjom, left, led a group of U. N. officers across a field at Panmunjom today looking for a spot where the actual exchange of prisoners can take place. (AP Wirephoto via radio from Tokyo to The Republican-Herald) Allies Must Retain Strength, U.S. Warns UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. The U. S. warned the free world today against abandoning its policy of strength and unity because of conciliatory gestures from the Kremlin. U. S. Delegate Ernest A. Gross told the U. N.'s 60-nation Political Committee that it was the West's very policy of strength and unity which had brought about such gestures and that eventually it would ;overnment mosa. Arthur Krock, the Washington oblige the Soviet government to change its policies completely. Major Points I "Most of us feel the time will come when the Soviet government will find it necessary to modify its policy. If so it will be because of our policy of, strength and unity. We must not abandon that he declared. Gross deplored reintroduction of an omnibus Polish peace package and said the IT. N. has already rejected all major points in it. He specifically regretted the bringing up of the Korean problem here at this time. "No resolution on Korea is nec- essary or desirable at this he declared. "We must avoid any action which might jeopardize the 130 when present legislative author- speakers described as the critical congressional campaign of 1954. Coincident with the election the Democratic National Committee issued a statement asserting that the new chairman had established a voting record in the House of Representatives "in direct opposi- tion to the publicly stated views of President Eisenhower." LOS ANGELES Eva Marie Kiesler, better known as Hedy Lamarr, actress, gets her U. S. citizenship today. Miss Lamarr, 38, who came here in 1937 from her native Vienna, is among aliens from 34 countries who will receive citizenship in court ceremonies. Determined Mothers demonstrated in Nor- walk, Calif., how they used their shovels in battle with a bulldozer to remove a dam across a drain- age ditch. They charged their housing tract wai flooded when a ditch was dammed so they re- moved the dirt. When the bulldozer refilled the ditch they grabbed their shovels again. (AP Wirephoto to The Hepublican-Herald) Ike Takes Steps To Extend Dairy Import Curbs WASHINGTON UP President Eisenhower took steps today to extend existing import restrictions on butter and other dairy products, food fat and oils after June talks at Panmunjom." Gross said a speech by Russia's Andrei Y. Vishinsky which caused considerable confu- how futile and un- tigation of imports of these helpful it was to debate these is sues now. Shell Situation Solved in Korea, Stevens States ity for such limitations expires. "'He directed the Tariff Commis- sion to make an immediate inves- pro- ducts and recommend action for replacing existing restrictions. Imports of butter, dried milk, dried cream, high fat malted milk I compounds, peanuts and peanut oil, flaxseed and linseed oil now are banned, and imports of cheese are restricted under quotas. These controls are authorized by I section 104 of the Defense Pro- j duction Act which expires June j 30. The Senate Banking Committee has said that it will not recommend extension of this section. Thus, if nothing is done, the re- stricted products will be free to WASHINGTON WV- Secretary of this Count7 after June 30' the Army Stevens told senators to- day the ammunition situation in Korea now is very sound. Sup- plies are "well up all along the he said. He testified that on a recent trip to the fighting front he found vir- tually all supplies were at or above a 90-day level, which the Army considers safe for anything that might happen in that part of the world. Stevens was called to report on current supplies in a Senate inves- tigation aimed primarily at sifting charges that shortages had hamp- ered Korean operations in the past. The names of Gen. Douglas Mac- Arthur and George C. Marshall had been brought icto the hearings Thursday. Stevens' testimony was virtually a repetition of statements he had made while he was in the Far. East, and upon his return to this country. The secretary said it appeared to him that the "problem is solved" to the point that the Far Eastern Command now is cutting down on its orders for certain types of am- munition. He added that only two types of shells not yet up to the 90-day level were for 81 millimeter mor- tars and 105 millimeter howitzers. But he went on to say there was a 78-day supply of 81 mm mortar shells and a 72 day supply of 105 mm howitzer he ex- pected both to reach the 90-day supply level shortly. Syrup Pail Reveals Jewels Worth BRAINERD, Minn. W) A syrup pail dug out of a pile of garbage Thursday at Deerwood, about 12 miles from Brainerd, disclosed more than worth of jewelry and brought arrest of two Deer- wood men. Wadena County Sheriff Clark Klucas said the grand larceny charges would be brought against John Spahn, Deerwood, bartender in the municipal liquor store there, and Ray Halda, owner of the Deer- wood Cafe, a bus stop. Klucas, with Crow Wing County Sheriff Roy Wicklund and Willard B. Morris of the state crime bu- reau, found the jewelry in the syrup pail. The watches, rings and other articles had been taken from the Foster Jewelry store at Wa- dena. A discrepancy in the store's in- ventory, discovered last fall by James Foster after his mother had been killed in an automobile ac- cident, started the investigation that led to the discovery. Mrs. Foster had operated the store un- til her death. 120 Americans Included in Sick, Wounded Class Reopening of Full Dress Armistice Talks Suggested By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea Com- munists agreed Friday to trade sick and wounded prisoners beginning about April 21, then proposed re- sumption of the long-stalled armis- tice negotiations. Both sides were expected to sign today (Saturday Korean time) the agreement calling for the exchange of ailing Reds for 600 Allied prisoners, of which 120 are Amer- icans. But in calling for a return to the armistice table, the Communist officers gave DO sign of yielding on the principle of forced repatriation of some prisoners who balk at returning to Red rule. It was Allied refusal to return such pris- oners that ruptured the negotiations last Oct. 8. Communist liaison officers at Panmunjom, in proposing the resumption, declared "the principle of repatriation of all prisoners of war" after an armistice "is un- shakeable." And the Communists reiterated that "the Korean Chinese side does not acknowledge that there are prisoners of war who are al- legedly unwilling to be repatri- ated." The Communists' proposal, which they called "very was in reply to a letter April 5 from Gen. Mark Clark, the United Na- tions Far East commander. Clark had asked for more details of the compromise plan for an armistice which was proposed March 30 by Premier Chou En-Lai of Communist China. "Actually, the Communist reply was mainly a restatement of Chou's proposs.1 except to make even clear- er that the Reds by persuasion, or other means, expect to bring back all balky Chinese and North Ko- reans. Signing Authorized Gen. Clark Thursday night au- thorized signing the disabled pris- oners agreement after interpreters had completed Chinese, Korean and English translations and the final draft had been transmitted to Tokyo. Under the pact, the Communists said they would send home 120 Americans; 20 British, 15 French, Turks, Canadians, Greeks and Dutch and about 450 South Koreans at the rate of 100 daily. Contents of the'letter were not disclosed. However, a Communist spokes- man said the proposal clarifies the Red position on exchanging pris- oners and calls for reopening of the full-dress armistice talks now. The Peiping radio broadcast what it said was the text of the Communist proposal and it ap- peared to restate the points made by Red China's Premier Chou En- lai March 30. The points included: 1. Let all prisoners go home who choose to return. 2. Turn over to a neutral coun- be POWs who are listed as not wanting to return to their homelands. 3. Let "our side" give explana- tions to POWs "afraid to return home, thereby attaining a just s.lution to the question of repatria- tion." Peiping quoted Nam as saying "the Korean and Chinese side does not acknowledge that there are prisoners of war who are allegedly unwilling to be repatriated. There- fore, the question of the so-called forced repatriation, or repatriation by force, does not exist at all, and we always have opposed this as- sertion." Presumably the letter expands on Red China Premier Chou En-lai's plan of March 30 for breaking the prisoner exchange deadlock. Chou proposed handing POWs who re- fused repatriation into custody of a neutral state. The Communist spokesman today suggested that selection of more than one neutral state might be a promising solu- tion. Previously the Communists had demanded the forced repatriation of all prisoners, and the Allies had insisted that no prisoner should be forced to go home against his will. The Communist proposal was similar to the India plan approved oerwhelmingly by 54 of 60 nations in the U. N. Dec. 3 but rejected by the Reds. Final Position However, while Chou's proposal seemed to move toward the prin- ciple of voluntary repatriation, it did not go as far as the India plan. Chou suggested that the reluctant POWs in custo'dy of a neutral state could be told by their own people what their decision to refuse re- patriation meant. He did not say what would happen after that. He stressed, however, that lie Reds were not abandoning their position on final repatriation. f ;