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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 9, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Rain or Drizzle Tonight; Friday Cloudy, Colder River Stage 24-Hwr (Flood 13) Today .05 Year Ago 12.39 .89 VOLUME 53, NO. 44 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 9, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PAGES Reds Accept PO W ExchangeTerms Whitehall Farmer Killed in Mishap WHITEHALL, Wis. Simonson, 29, prominent Whitehall farmer who was host in September, 1952, to the Wisconsin state plowing matches, was killed Wednesday at 1 p.m. when the auto- mobile he driving jackknifed on a curve on U. S. Highway 53 just south of Osseo, overturned and pinned him. beneath. Simonson suffered a severe skull fracture, a broken neck and in- ternal injuries. An Osseo physician called to the scene of the accident said Simonson was killed instantly. A passenger, Stanley Skadahl, Pigeon Falls, was not injured. Doesn't Propose Inquest Chef Louis Gilles of Stillwater Prison was ordered transferred Wednesday after prisoners refused to work while he stayed in the kitchens. The inmates started a sitdown strike Tuesday in pro- test against the liver patties served for lunch that day. Gilles, stirring a pan of potatoes above, said he thought the liver dish, mixed with onions, was delicious. State officials said Gilles would be moved to St. Cloud Reformatory. The prisoners returned to their shop work today. (Story on Page 5) (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) New U.N. Secretary Ready to Take Over By OSGOOD CARUTHERS UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. Dag Hammarskjold is arriving from Stockholm today to become secretary general of the U.N. The Swedish diplomat-economist will plunge headlong into issues that gare a giant-sized headache to his predecessor, Trygve Lie. Hammarskjold, a 47-year-old bachelor, will be installed tomor- __ row by the 60-nation General As- London Subway Crash Kills 7, Injures 50 LONDON toll in last night's East London subway col- lision was placed officially at sev- er, dead and 50 injured today as rescuers finally freed the last of a dozen passengers known to have been trapped in the wreckage. Two men were brought out at dawn after being pinned for near- ly 10 hours in the debris-choked tunnel between the stations of Stratford and Leyton. Doctors had to amputate one man's leg in or- sembly, which elected him to a inthes40oooayear Russia's agreement with the West in finding Hammarskjold ac ceptable for the post was a major move in Premier Georgi M. MaV enkov's new peace offensive. But despite Soviet "sweet the fair-haired new .secretary general will have to use all his ability at compromise to escape a crossfire of criticism. The Blacklisted The Russians blacklisted Lie for taking a positive stand in endorsing Trempealeau County Coroner I Martin A. Weimer, Independence, said the death was accidental. He said this morning he does not pro- Ipose to call an inquest, but indi- cated he will confer with District Attorney John Quinn, Arcadia, be- fore a final decision is made. Investigating the accident be- sides Weimer were Sheriff Ernest Axness, Whitehall, and Maurice Scow, Arcadia, Trempealeau Coun- ty traffic officer. Axness said Simonson had left his truck at Pigeon Falls to be serviced at the Ray Hagen gar- age. Hagen had loaned him the car in which he was killed. The sheriff said Skadahl report- ed Simonson had just met a car on a curve. He said rain was falling and visibility was poor. After the car passed, Simonson found him- jself driving over the left lane of I traffic and onto the left shoulder. I The car dipped into a draw 2 to 13 feet deep, and Simonson attempt- ed to cut the wheels sharply in an effort to bring it back on the road. The wheels jackknifed and the car turned turtle, Simonson was thrown out of the vehicle and pinned beneath when the car ended up on its roof. Skadahl remained in the car and j was not hurt. Born in Town of Pigeon Simonson was born May 15, 1923, in the Town of Pigeon, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Peter Simon. He farmed at Coral City, 1% miles north of Whitehall. He is survived by his wife, the former Alice Tweed, Northfield; two small children, Billy and James; two brothers, Walter, Port- land, Ore., and Donald, Platte- jville, Wis., and nine sisters, Helen, with the State Department at Sing- apore; Mrs. Everett Everson, Tus- con, Ariz.; Mrs. Jack Caniff and U. N. action against aggression in Mrj_' Mic'e Forsythe, St. Paul; der to free him. Search of Six The search of six shattered j ?10 O00.a_year pension for life, coaches continued, but officials, Hatnmarskj0id cannot be Korea. Some American circles pic- tured the Norwegian as too friend- ly with the Russians and too soft on U. S left-wingers on his own staff. Under these pressures Lie re- signed November, expressing hope this would! remove at least one of the tensions between East and West. Lie now is free to retire on a expressed belief that all the dead and living had. been found. Hammarskjold the Soviet bloc will be any softer on he crosses Eight of the mjured were re-, u other pre.ssures ported in a serious condition. i d forecast Many persons not listed as cas- alreadv are forecast- ualties were given first aid on the spot for minor cuts and bruises. The crash occurred at 7 p.m. last night at the height of the homeward rush by London office workers, when one train pulled out of Stratford station and piled Hammarskjold has built up a reputation for handling extremely delicate problems. He is credited with much success in his one-man mission to the U. S. just after World War II to explain Sweden's neutral role during that war and into the rear of another stopped j to dispel ill feeling. He enjoys a on the line half a mile away. I high reputation in Sweden as_a fast Each train carried eight coaches and about 600 passengers. The rear coaches of the stand- ing train and the leading coaches of the one which hit it were buckled into a mass of splintered j wood and twisted steel. The tun-1 nel, which provides only an 18- inch clearance above the tops of trains, was corked tight by wreck- age. Mast of Dead Most of the dead and seriously injured were in the first and sec- ond coaches of the moving train and the last coach of the other. Rescuing firemen and policemen had to hack their way through the thiaker, an expert troubleshooter and a top administrator. One prominent Swedish politician said of his oral reports to the Cabinet: Like a Jet Plane "He is like a jet plane. When the sound reaches you, the plane already has vanished." Those who have worked with him in Stockholm, in his diplo- matic work in the organization of European Economic Co-operation and other international tasks con- sider him a master of the art of compromise to gain a point. In his new job Hammarskjold wreckage inch by inch. They were I has the chief responsibility for ad- followed by dozens of doctors and I the U. N.'s nurses, who treated the injured by Secretariat employes from the light of flashlights and electric nearly every member nation and lanterns.- I seeing that the complex machinery operates smoothly. He also can Stretcher bearers carried the in- jured half a mile through the tun- nel to the Stratford station or a mile to Leyton to reach waiting ambulances. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy with occasional rain or drizzle to- night. Friday cloudy and colder. Low tonight 34, high Friday 42. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today; Maximum, 51; minimum, 42; noon, 47; precipitation, .17: sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observation) Max. temp. 47 at p.m. Wed- nesday. Min. 40 at p.m. Noon overcast at 700 feet, visibility 2 miles with fog, temper- ature 45, wind calm, barometer 29.70 falling, humidity 89 per cent. recommend major policy action whenever he deems it necessary. This dual role puts the secretary general in hot water. Lie con- sidered it a challenge to keep from becoming a mere "head clerk." Even the "head clerk" job, however, is loaded with ex- plosive issues surrounding the U, S. loyalty program. Hammar- skjold must "tackle these problems immediately. Reds Blanket 'U.S.' PANMUNJOM Commu- nists put up a tent today for staff officers to work out details of the exchange of sick and wounded prisoners. They covered the conference table with U. S. Army with tie letters "U. S." facing up- ward. The Reds quickly turned the blankets over. Mrs. Arthur Stenberg, Mrs. Law- rence Bergum and Mrs. Clarence Berge, all of Blair; Mrs. Clark Moe, Whitehall, and Mrs. Hugh Irwin, Ashland, Ky. Funeral arrangements are in- complete. U.S. to Issue Billion Dollar Bond Issue WASHINGTON Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey Wed- nesday announced a one billion dollar, 30-year bond issue bearing SVt per cent interest, to be offered on April 13. Humphrey also announced hold- ers of series F and G savings bonds maturing from May 1 through December of this year may exchange them for the new bond. Humphrey said, too, the Treas- ury will soon increase its weekly offerings of 90-day treasury bills, sufficiently to increase the amount of new money being borrowed by the Treasury at this time to two billion dollars. Announcement of the 30-year bond issue, which Humphrey said would be fully marketable, was the Treasury's first long step in the direction of getting a larger part of the nation's debt into long-term securities instead of the short term issues favored by the Demo- cratic administration. The 3'A per cent inerest rate was the highest to be offered on a long term treasury security since October, 1933, McKay Transfers Park Superintendent WASHINGTON un Secretary of the Interior McKay Wednesday announced transfer of John A. Rutter, supervisory park ranger in the Sequoia National Park in Cali- fornia, to become superintendent of Badlands National Monument in South Dakota. Industrialist Leaves Million Estate Fire Burns 2 Buildings State Income Tax Receipts Show Big Dip Less Than for Same Period Year Ago By ADOLPH JOHNSON ST. PAUL UP) State Tax Com- missioner G. Howard Spaeth hand- BLANCHESTER, 0 UP) A half- ed Gov. Anderson and the Leg- million dollar fire Wednesday night raced through the business .section of this Southern Ohio community, islature a piece of bad news today. He told them income tax col- destroying two buildings and badly lections from July 1, 1952 through damaging a third. No one was March 15 are down nearly injured. Howard Curless, vice president I 000 from receipts in the correspond- J..LU TT UJ. 1_l Vlt.1- f-HiOAAAf 1 I- of'the Brown Publishing Co., said j damage to the firm was at least and might reach The company, owned by Rep. During the period July 1, 1952 o March 15, the state collected in income taxes. This is J-ilC l-U-141 MaiiJ 1 UWllGU AVtW, y 11 Clarence J. Brown prints a from collect- five weekly newspapers, cata-ilons between July 1, 1951 and logues and magazines. Security Cited As Reason for Army News Ban By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON Defense Department insisted today that military security, not any de- sire to suppress information about the progress or shortcomings of the armed forces, is responsible for a new and stringent series of orders. That explanation was given'by public relations officers to report- ers' inquiries about a Pentagon decision Wednesday to ban furth- er public demonstrations of new weapons. That order, which stop- ped Army plans to show its new "nike" anti-aircraft guided missile later this month, followed by a few days two sharply worded direc- tives from Secretary of Defense Wilson. In one of them, Wilson threat- ened disciplinary action, including courtmartial for military personnel or trial for civilian employes, who disclose matters the Pentagon con- i siders "classified." In the he ordered that "important policy documents" be kept only in the hands of officials who need to know their contents. Wednesday's terse Pentagon an- nouncement said: "The Depart- ment of Defense announced today that, for reasons of economy and security, public demonstrations of important new weapons and equip- ment are not in the public inter- est at this time." The Army then canceled a plan- ned trip by a number of mem- bers of Congress and news repre- sentatives to Burlington N. C., and White Sands, N.M., to see the manufacture and test of the "nike" missile with which the Army claims to be able to knock down bombers a dozen or more miles away, despite the speed of ma- neuvering of the aircraft. March 15, 1952. Expected Decline Last November, Spaeth estimat- ed receipts would drop for the fiscal year ending next June 30. Present collection trends, he said, indicate that the decline may approach Spaeth said the drop is the result of a decrease in corporation in- come tax receipts. He attributed the decline to decreased earnings of Minnesota corporations avid the change in the method of schedul- ing payments of federal corpora- tion income taxes. Individual income collections through March 15 are consider- ably above receipts of the period for the previous year, Spaeth said. Dedicated to School Aid While income tax collections do not affect the state's general re- venue picture directly, since pay- ments are dedicated to school aids, members of the Legislature al-1 ready plagued by revenue problems feared that a drop in yield from Sen. Margaret Chase Smith chairman of an Armed Services Subcommittee probing ammunition supply conditions in Korea, talked with two witnesses who appeared today in Washing- ton. Those testifying were Archibald S. Alexander, left, former Undersecretary of the Army and Frank Pace Jr., former Secre- tary of the Army. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Production of Shells For Korea Started 2 Years After War By DON WHITEHEAD WASHINGTON Secretary of the Army Frank Pace Jr., told Senate investigators today there was no real production of ammunition for the Korean War until two years after the war began. All that time, Pace said, ammunition for Korea was being with- drawn from, stocks left over from World War II. At this testimony, Sen. Byrd (D- Va) commented that those stocks represented the only ammunition available in event of a third world ammunjtion shortages in ld t of shortages this tax might also point to smaller jantes'Z Van tt fist ziiYif p Ifwinc _ _ receipts from other levies. irom otner ievies. F1 t Mh A commander The income tax report also bol- r stored the position of those who have been warning against too j great an increase in state school j never reached him. Testimony Differs Pace also contradicted testi- Wednesday by former De- aids. A group led by Sen. Wil-1 fensfi Secretary Robert A. Lovett hamDahlquist, Thief River Falls, j that Lovett snatched ammunition production away from the Army last November and turned control of it over to a civilian expediter. Pace said Lovett assigned a civilian assistant to work with him but that control did not pass from asserts the .state would get itself j into an impossible position if aids are raised to levels where income tax receipts cannot maintain them in the future. New Spanish King Predicted MADRID, Spain UP) Informed sources predict that a king will be placed on Spain's vacant throne this year. Officially Spain has been a monarchy without a king since 1947, when the people voted over- whelmingly for that form of gov- ernment in a referendum. General- issimo Francisco Franco is chief of state. The informants predicted Juan Carlos de Bourbon, 14, eldest son of the Spanish pretender, Don Juan, will be proclaimed heir to the throne this year. Immediately thereafter, according to these sources, Don Juan will abdicate his rights in favor of his son. YOUNGSTOWN, 0, estate worth was left by in- dustrialist John Tod, Probate Court records showed today. Tod, who died Feb. 14, held in Youngstown Sheet Tube Co., stock. Dag Hammartkjold, recently elected secretary general of the United Nations, was welcomed by his predecessor, Trygve Lie, at left, on his arrival at International Airport in New York today from his native Sweden. Hammarskjold, 47, is former Swedish minister of state. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) the Army. Lovett told a Senate armed Friday Set For Signing Of Agreement Swap of Sick Prisoners May Start in 10 Days By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea UP) The Com- munists agreed today to all major points of an Allied plan for ex- changing sick and wounded pris- oners. The Reds may .sign agreement Friday. Agreement on the actual me- chanics of the exchange presum- ably was reached 'at a meeting of staff officers in Panmunjom this afternoon. If an agreement is signed Fri- day, the exchange of disabled prisoners could start within 10 days. In a surprise move the Reds late in the day accepted the three last revisions in the draft agree- ment on arrangements for ths exchange known as "Operation Little Switch." Formal Signing A formal signing Friday and ironing out of minor technical de- tails could pave the way for a resumption of full-scale armistice talks to resolve the long remaining issue blocking a truce in an over-all exchange of A highly placed American source said the Communists already have begun gathering together the sick and wounded for repatriating through' Panmunjom. The Reds turned down a U. N. attempt to get them to increase the number of POWs they said they over to the Allies. The Reds stuck to their figure of probably not mors than 125 Americans. The Allies have said they are ready to send back disabled Red captives, North Koreans and 700 Chinese. Rear Adm. John C. Daniel, chief U. N. liaison officer, said he tried three times in the meeting at Pan- TOKYO China s Peipmg j munjom Thursday to get the Corn- radio said early today that double munists to sign the agreement, jet ace Harold Fischer was wouldn't get out their pens, down and captured in Manchuria said but they told him ftey U.S. Jet Ace Captured in Manchuria Services subcommittee Wednesday that he "lost patience" with the Army's handling of an ammunition shortage and gave control of the problem to a civilian assistant. Pace challenged this statement by saying: "The secretary did not at any time take the ammunition problem out of the hands of the Army." Lovett told the senators there was an Tuesday. The radio quoted a dispatch from Mukden, Manchuria near the Yalu River saying Fischer bailed out of his Sabre jet. Peiping said Fischer's plane was intercepted by anti-aircraft units and the "People's Air Force." Companion Ordered Back to Own Lines By WILLIAM C. BARNARD SEOUL Harold E. Fis- as a He gave them a story of long, red tape delays. Byrd Aroused Wednesday, Sen. Byrd (D-Va) de- nounced the Army's system of preparing ammunition contracts as "the most colossal and terrible thing I've ever known." "Cnmofimn Vlp sairf. shot down MIGs in duck-hunter j style and earned double jet ace (rating, is missing in action over j North Korea. i Fischer, 27, from Swea City la., I failed to return from his 70th mis- sion Tuesday. His wing man, Lt. Richard G. would be ready to sign at 11 a.m. meeting. Asked if the U. N. is ready to start the exchange on 24 to 48 hours' notice, Daniel said, "We're ready to go." The Communists today promised to hand over sick and wounded Allied POWs at the rate of 100 a day. They said they would receive 500 disabled Reds from the Allies each day. Trade of Sick If the agreement on arrange- ments for trade of .sick and wound- ed prisoners is signed Friday, it will have been hammered out in only five days of businesslike meetings, in contrast to the full- scale armistice neogiations that began in July, 1951, lagged through, months of acrimonious, debate, then were broken off indefinitely by the Allies last Oct. 8. Daniel said no reference had been made inside the Panmunjom Knowland Jr. of Goshen, Mass., conference hut to a resumption of said he saw Fischer for the last the main truce talks. time in a clash with a Red fight- he said, "we've got er near the Suibo Reservoir along to find out who's responsible." Ithe Yalu River. _______ Byrd's angry outburst came aft-! Fischer shot down 10 MIG jets asked top Red leaders in North 'Korea for specific details of Red China Premier Chou En-lai has proposed this and U. N. Com- mander Gen. Mark Clark has er he heard that an ammunition order traveled miles, passed through the hands of 42 agencies and more than 200 individuals, and required 287 of processing just to reach the contract stage. in 66 missions. _____ He told this correspondent two chou'.s plan, but so far there weeks ago, "I have never con- j been no Red reply, sidered the possibility of not com- ing back. My father is counting on me coming back some day to help him, and I certainly intend to do Gen. Van Fleet, retired former U. commander of the U. S. Eighth Knowland said of Fischer s last Army, touched off the inquiry flight when he testified that month there was a serious and sometimes criti- cal shortage of ammunition during all the 22 months he was in Korea. South African Election Violent DURBAN, South Africa Iff) South Africa's turbulent general election campaign, now in its final week, flared into violence again Wednesday night. Hecklers crying "Heil Hitler" stormed the speaker's platform at a United party rally at Magut, Zululand, to rip down posters they didn't like. Fist fights broke out. After an- uproar that lasted an aour, the meeting was called off. The audience was packed with many supporters of Prime Minis- :er Daniel F. Malan's Nationalist party. Woman's Stomach Reveals Toothbrush ASCOLI PICENO, Italy :ors removed a full-sized tooth- jrush Wednesday from the stomach of a woman here. She said she just accidentally swallowed it while crushing her teeth. "I lost .him in the haze, and called him on the radio and told him we were separated. "He yelled back, emphatically, 'Get out, get out.' That was an order for me to go home. Usually Hal was so calm and easy when giving orders, but not this time. "He must have been in bad trou- Knowland said he and Fischer followed a MIG for some time and that Fischer dove for an attack. "Capt. Fischer barrel-rolled around the MIG and I barreled around Knowland said. "When I was on top of the roll, the MIG broke and Fischer went after him. That was the last I saw of him." Fischer became the 25th jet ace, with five MIG kills, on Jan. 24. He reached the elite double, jet status March 21. He told a newsman in an inter- view March 23, "I sort of hate to let the Air Force know about then disclosed that he knocked down eight of his 10 MIGs "like you would shoot ducks." "I used what I called Kentucky lead those MIGs enough so they'd run into the bul- lets, like do a flying duck." But he called the Sabre's radar gunsight "a wonderful gunsight and I wouldn't ever want to be without it." N.D. Jury Finds Accused Innocent in Trial BISMARCK, N. D. Federal district court jury late Wednesday returned one verdict but was dead- locked over two other defendants in the conspiracy case involving North Dakota Atty. Gen. Elmo T. Christiansen. The jury, which had deliberated since late Tuesday afternoon, found Allan Nilva, St. Paul, inno- cent of charges that he conspired with Christiansen and Herman Paster, also of St. Paul, to bring gambling equipment into North Dakota. The jury failed to reach a ver- dict on the Christiansen and Pas- ter charges. The jury was dismis- sed by Judge Charles J. Vogel, who said: "I am disappointed but I am your disagreement was a con- scientious and honest one on the part of all of you." There was no immediate indica- tion as to whether there would be a new trial of Christiansen and Paster. Vogel gave attorneys 10 days in which to submit written motions in the case. The defense will move for acquittal of Christiansen and PMter. ;