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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 8, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Light Rain Tonight and Thursday River Stage (Flood 13) 24-Hour Today Year Ago 8.84 .03 11.50 .60 VOLUME 53, NO. 43 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, APRIL 8, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PAOEJ Wisconsin OK's Reapportionment Reds Ready to Release 600 Disabled POWs Figure 'Incredibly Less Than 150 Americans By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea Com- munists today said they are ready to send home 600 disabled prison- ers of figure that includes only 150 Americans and other U. N. soldiers. The chief Allied negotiator asked for a recount, and added: "I have hopes we will get more." Rear Adm. John C. Daniel told the Communists their figure was "incredibly and asked "that you have these figures re- TODAY viewed." He said later, however, that "I have no reason to believe at the present time that they are not acting in good faith." The U. N. Command offered to return sick and wounded Com- North Koreans and 700 Chinese. This is 7 per cent of the pro-Communist prisoners and 4 per cent of all prisoners held by the Allies. The Communist figure of 600 is 5 per cent of the to U. N. and Korean prisoners the Reds have said they hold. Both sides named lower- level staff officers to work out administrative details of the ex- change. The U. N. Command ap- pointed Col. Williard B. Carlock of Galveston, Tex.; Air Force Col. Douglas Kairns of Riverside, Calif.; and South Korean Col. Lee Soo Yung. The Communists' named North Korean Col. Lee Pyong II and Chinese Col. Wang Ching. The staff officers went into ses- sion immediately after the liaison groups adjourned for the day. Daniel asked the Communists for a complete revised text of the whole draft agreement on trans- fer of sick and wounded so the U. N. Command could consider any changes "in one-package and ar- rive speedily to the items which The Commu to the main How Much For Defense Top Query By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP since the inauguration, a tense effort to make up its own collective mind about toe greatest issue which con- fronts it has been going on within the Administration. This issue is, quite simply, whether to give first priority to the national security or to a balanced budget. The issue really began to come to head early in March. At about that time, Budget Director Joseph Dodge and the Administration's other financial experts had to ad- mit to themselves that there was up way to balance the budget, either in the forthcoming fiscal year or the year after, without very sharp reductions in defense or for- eign aid spending. Therefore Dodge proposed to the National Security Council a kind of exercise in budget-cutting. Dodge's idea was to order specific plans for heavy cut-backs, and then to have a good hard look at the results. The National Security Council approv- ed Dodge's proposal. Eye Balanced Budget Accordingly, Dodge tentatively ordered cuts of 13 per cent in reg- ular government operations; 25 per cent in foreign aid in fiscal 1954 and 50 per cent in fiscal 1955 and 9 per cent in defense in fiscal 1954 and 25 per cent in fiscal 1955. These cuts would save about billion in defense and foreign spend- ing in 1954, and upwards of billion in 1955. Together with reduc- tions in regular departments, this I ed reason suggested would have just about done the by Daniel, budget-balancing trick. While Dodge, Secretary of the Treasury George Humphrey U.N. Engineers are shown building a prisoner of war stockade along the "Freedom Road" north of Imjin River near Kaesong which will house Communist prisoners of war in event of an armis- tice in Korea and prisoners are repatriated. (AP Wirephoto via radio from Tokyo to The Republi- can-Herald) and are controversial." nists have agreed points of Daniel's plan, and said they will submit their versions of the rest. The Allied protest on the Com- munist offer was the first note of discord in the otherwise smooth negotiations which Tuesday result- ed in agreement in principle to exchange disabled POWs. North Korean Maj. Gen. Lee Sang Cho told Daniel, "We have offered the figures of sick and in- jured prisoners of war only after we have checked the matter in detail. Accordingly, I cannot find any reason why the figures are incredibly small." Daniel told newsmen the figure is "controversial." "It depends on what category you put them he said. "In other words, how sick is a Of the 600 ailing prisoners the Communists offered to return, 450 would be South Koreans. The rest would be Americans, British, French, or other U. N. soldiers. U. N. sources said possible rea- sons for the relatively few prison- ers the Reds will return include: 1. The Communists are not as liberal in defining sick and wound- 2. The Reds may claim some of the Allied troops they hold have Liquor Agents Arrest Power Bill Tabled, 8-6 ST. PAUL Senate Liquor Control Committee today struck what probably is a death blow at hopes for enacting fegislation to give state liquor control agents the power of arrest at this session of the Legislature. The committee voted, 8-6, to table the measure. This action prevents Sen. Harry Wahlstrand, Willmar, and other supporters from bringing the bill to the Senate floor on a minority report as they have done in the past. It leaves only one possible move ask the Senate to vote to re- call the bill from the committee. Sen. Wahlstrand declined to say immediately whether he would make such a move. He said he would consider it, but other mem- bers of the committee who sup- ported the proposal counseled against it. Gov. Anderson had urged pas- sage of'the bill as had several of his predecessors. McManus Awaits Examination in Mental Hospital Stillwatcr Prison Strike Renewed STILLWATER, Minn, prison inmates today re- sumed a strike touched .off by what they said was poor food and disappointment over cuts by the Legislature in appropriations for state institutions. More than 600 of the inmates refused to work at their embraced Communism and CANAD4IGUA N Y Fred others have been wrestling with repatriation. Eugene McManus 18, who has the budget problem, however, vari ous skeletons in the White House closet were being unearthed. There was, for example, the neglected problem of the American air de- fense, which could not be disre- garded without the most hair-rais- ing There was the related problem of civil defense, which had never really been faced up to at all. On the foreign front, there were the requirements of the new Eisen hower foreign policy, especially in Asia. A serious effort to bring the war in Indochina to an end, which Secretary of State John Foster Dul les wisely advocated, would cost money. So would the effort to strengthen Formosa. So it seemed above ali, would a serious attempt to break the deadlock in Korea. Wherever they looked, in short, the new Administration leaders found (Continued on Page 5, Column 4.) ALSOPS WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy with occasional light rain tonight and Thursday. No important change in temperature. Low to- night 44, high Thursday 58. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for tha 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 61; minimum, 36; noon, 49; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 56 at p.m., min. 43 at a.m. Noon readings- sky overcast, ceiling feet, visibility 10 miles, wind 12 miles per hour from northeast, barometer 29.78 falling, humidity 60 per cent., 3. A final, and more dismaying explanation, may be found in the Reds' policy of "liberating" cap- tured soldiers at the front. The Communists have captured many more U. N. troops than they admit. Some Allied estimates place the total at Large Numbers More than a year ago, at Pan- munjom, the Reds explained the discrepancy by saying large num- bers of captured U. N. presumably South released at the front. Allied officers believe most of these men were drafted into the North Korean Army. Since any disabled captives would hardly be drafted for war service, the U. N. might reasonably expect to find a higher proportion of sick and injured in the Red camps than j Eugene McManus, 18, admitted killing five persons and said he did it because of his love for a blonde bobby-soxer, was in a state mental institution today. The youth was taken to Willard State Hospital at Ovid from the Ontario County jail here Tuesday. District Attorney Thomas Crouch- er said, "If he is insane, he won't come back here at all." McManus was committed under an order signed by Justice Lewis A. Gilbert of State Supreme Court. The young Marine has been charged with first-degree murder in the first of the five killings he jobs in the prison twine and farm machinery factories, the laundry and print shop. Tuesday noon they cursed their noon meal and would not take up their jobs. This morning, Jarle Leirfallom, institutions director, and Gov. An- derson met with several leaders in the Legislature and after the closed conference, House Speaker John Hartle declared to newsmen: "We have got to show them who is boss, don't you Leirfallom, Sen, Magnus Wefald, Hawley, and Rep, John Howard, chairmen of Senate and House Institutions Committees, left for the prison to confer with Acting Warden Carl Jackson. Food Blamed Leirfallom told newsmen the strike was precipitated by the food served at the noon meal Tuesday. He said that ground liver was the principal cause of the objection. He added, however, that failure to establish a commissary at the prison and the fact that the prison- ers were discouraged over action on appropriations by the legisla- ture were also causes of the strike, The House Appropriations Com- mittee recently cut six million dollars off requests made by the state institutions division. The Sen- ate Appropriations Committee has not yet acted. Leirfallom said he had been at the prison Tuesday night, discuss- ing the prisoners' problems with them. He said they interpreted the ac- tion of the House committee to mean "there is little chance for the governor's program." Gov. Anderson and Leirfallom have urged a rehabilitation pro- gram for the inmates. Leirfallom had promised the in- mates, following an investigation last November, that he would urge the legislature to allow funds for ise Ike to Make Final Decision On Mobilization such a program. The prom- was made at a meeting of inmates called by Leirfallom after rumors flew that a demonstration was planned. ill LIJC IJliL, IU L1IC A1VC IIC ,ftpr frnss-countrv At tnat meeting, Leirfallom dis coniessea aiier a truss-Lummy. jaunt with Diane Marie Weggeland, Warden 1 ic would retire July 1. 16, of Rochester. The charge was placed in the death of William Allen Braverman, 19, a Hobart College student from Rochester who was slain March 27, The couple was picked up near would be normal if the Reds had j Dubuque, la., March 31, waived interned all their prisoners. j preliminary extradition and was If the Reds actually captured returned to New York state. Mc- more Allied troops than they have ever accounted for, the United the Reds' own proportion of 5 per expect to find about more disabled Allied soldiers than the 600 admitted by the Reds. The talks Wednesday lasted slightly more than an hour. They resume Thursday at 11 a. m. Violent Earthquake Shakes Central Chile SANTIAGO, Chile WJ-A violent earthquake shook Central Chile to- day, causing some panic but ap- parently no extensive damage or casualties.. The epicenter was estimated at about 45 miles from Santiago. Heavy shocks were felt in San- tiago, Valparaisoiand Raacagua. Manus also has confessed killing two persons in Illinois and two others in Minnesota. Diane remained under charge of the district attorney's office. Crews Clear Tracks Of RR Derailment CONNEAUT, 0. (fl Wrecking crews today were clearing the New York Central Railroad's east-west tracks of the second clutter of de- railed cars here in 10 days. Just four miles west of the spot where three of the road's trams collided March 27 and killed 21 persons, a New York-to-Chicago express mail and baggage train derailed Tuesday night. A brakeman, D. S. Eppler of Erie, Pa., the only casualty was treated for a minor back injury. Leo Utecht However Ignore Military Lobbyists, Ike Tells Congress President to Cut Armed Service Funds, Senator Reports By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Ufi President Eisenhower is reported to have advised members of Congress to ignore "military be- cause be intends to cut armed services spending to the lowest level at which he feels the nation will be safe. A senator reported Eisenhower's advice after Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey agreed in tes- timony before a Senate committee yesterday that defense outlays would have to take a four billion dollar cut if the new budget were to be balanced. Eisenhower was described by the senator, who asked not to be quot- ed by name, as being convinced that pressure is being exerted on Congress by military men to pre- vent slashes in the 46 billion dollar spending program outlined by for- mer President 'Truman for the armed forces for the year begin- ning July 1. The President has said he will make the final decision on the level of combat strength to be main- tained. Sen. Ferguson heads the Senate appropriations military subcommittee, said in 'an who interview he already has felt "mil- itary lobbying." "It doesn't come from the gen- erals or the military leaders them- is all done he said. "The pressure comes from defense contractors and industrial- ists who say that there will be- unemployment and disarrangement of the economy if military spend- ing is cut." Ferguson joined Chairman Bridges (R-NH) of the full appro- priations committee in predicting By STERLING F. GREEN WASHINGTON of Defense Wilson's reported pro- posals to spend less on the ex- pansion of munitions plants and to emphasize production of weap- ons, which looked like a sure- thing controversy, smoothed out today into scarcely a ripple. Officials of the Office of De- fense Mobilization favors building a broad industrial "base" for swift mobilization, in- -1 l 11 LH.C ili J.VUAUH. WO UOI.I. J1H4VV-J, eluding standby plants and equip-, iall weaken our defenses." He other administration Democrats had not been con- military outlays will be cut. But Sen. Lyndon Johnson of Texas, the Democratic leader, said he and some other members of the Democratic Policy Committee are "apprehensive" lest a possible truce in Korea be used "to mater- aides said privately: 1. President Eisenhower intends to make' personally the final de- cisions on both mobilization polic'y and military spending. This rules out any civilian-versus-military contest of power. 2. ODM people favor some of Wilson's ideas, admit that some of ODM's original plans were over- ambitious, and profess to see no reason why Wilson's views cannot be reconciled with theirs. They yield not an inch, however, in the position that adequate arms- plant capacity, ready to produce on short notice, is a "must" for national security and does not ex- ist today. All parties are content, it was indicated, to let the Presi- dent shape the military programs to suit the developing international situation as he sees it, and the country's strategic plans, Eisenhower told a news confer- ence last week that he, not Wil- son, will fix the level of the coun- try's combat strength. Administra- tion sources' say the President feels also that he cannot delegate to Utecht resigned March 10, declar- someone else the responsibility for ing he was "fed up with the way deciding the size of the defense budget or jjjg of defense pro- gram it buys. this institution is being pushed into politics." Leirfallom he said to the night "the day when they can told newsmen today inmates Tuesday will never come dictate terms of their Leirfallom attributed the trouble to a few ringleaders and trouble- makers prevalent in every prison. Ordinarily, 325. men work in the twine factory, 208 in the farm ma- chinery factory, 40 to 50 in the laundry and 30 in the print shop. Kitchen and office workers were on duty as usual, Jackson said. Another Complaint Another point the prisoners complained of, Leirfallom said, was lack of action on a bill to.raise their pay to a maximum of a day. At present average pay is 46 cents a day with the range set at from 15 to 60 cents. Also attending this morning's meeting were Rep. Howard Ottin- ger, chairman of the House Wel- fare Committee and Ray Lappe- gaard, personnel officer for the state institutions division. Wilson's reported views narrowing the mobilization about base seemed to cause general surprise in the capital. And so far as could be learned the surprise included some Pentagon circles usually aware of new policy plans when they are in the making. Edina Man Cuts Self on Power Saw, Bleeds to Death MINNEAPOLIS suburban Edina man bled to death Tuesday after cutting his wrist on a power saw he was operating in the gar- age of his home. Victim of the accident was Ray W. Anderson, 42, 5720 Oliver Road, Edina. Officials said the saw cut a main artery. Efforts, at first aid were futile and Anderson was dead when an ambulance reached tht scene. suited either about proposed mili- tary cuts or the, negotiations under way in Korea. Sen. Robertson (D-Va) said he 11000-Mile Walker Nears Niagara Falls BUFFALO, N. Y. about everyone wants to visit Niagara Falls, but Dick Cook is probably the only one who ever walked miles on his way there. He pulled his 450-pound red wagon into Buffalo Tuesday and said he expected to make the 20-mile trip to Niagara Kails by he doesn't do too much visiting here. Cook, 52, says he left his home town of Gainesville, Fla., on April and has hiked miles through 44 states, at about'20 to 25 miles a day. When travel was tough or his money ran low, be worked as a cook. He figures he's worn out 18 pairs of shoes without getting a corn or a callous. Cook passed through Winona several months ago. Taft Predicts Ike Will Run, Be Re-elected By JACK BELL WASHINGTON W Sen. Taft (R-Ohio) predicted today Rural Areas Assured More Representation Badger Voters Approve Measure By Small Margin By ARTHUR BYSTROM MILWAUKEE Wiscon- sin was assured today of more rep- resentation in the state senate. By a small margin that probably won't exceed voters decided Tuesday that the constitution should be amended to provide for reapportionment of senate districts on the basis of area and popula- tion. Representation in both houses of the legislature now is based on population only. The vote in of the state's precincts was in favor of a change in the constitution and against it. Record The total vote was expected to Area Voting For report on voting In Trempealeau, Buffalo, Pepin and Jackson counties, in Wis- consin, as well as Lake City and Wabasha, in Minnesota, turn to page 16. President Eisenhower will that run again in 1956 and be re-elected. Persistent, although unverified, reports have circulated in Wash- ington that Eisenhower wants only one term. He told a news confer- ence Feb. 25 he had probably made as many facetious remarks on the subject as his friends could bear and wasn't ready for a' ser- ious declaration. Taft, the Senate majority leader, said in an interview he never had heard any one-term suggestion from the President or his inti- mates. Taft said that in any event he firmly believes Eisenhower will be convinced he ought to seek a second term when the time comes. "It will be inevitable that the pressure will build up on him from within the Taft said. "When the party has a man in the White House the pressure always builds up to keep him there. "When the time comes, the Pres- ident will be told that only by running again can he prevent a split in the party and make sure of its success at the polls." Taft's comment came after he had agreed, evidently somewhat didn't believe the new budget could reluctantly, to the choice of for- be balanced without cutting four mer Rep. Leonard W. Hall of New billion off military outlays and j York as Republican national chair- that taxes could not be reduced j selection expected to be without defense cuts of six to seven ratified by the national committee billion. 'here Friday. be close to a record for an off-year election, with a greater proportion of the voters going to the polls out-state than turned out in Milwaukee. Milwaukeeans in some elections cast more than 30 per cent of the state total. This year is was only about 25 per cent. As there were approximately 2 million persons eligible to vote in -the state, the issue was decided by about 40 per cent of the citizens. The out-state voters made vic- tory for advocates of the constitu- tional change certain by piling up a margin of nearly Milwaukeeans made a valiant ef- fort, carrying their community for the NO forces by about eight to one. The lead gained by the YES supporters in the out-state areas; however, was too great to be over- taken. The YES vote led in 64 of the 71 counties. In some areas the margin was as high as 20 to 1. Milwaukee's vote in 575 of its 608 precincts was NO to YES Dane County had 852 NO votes to YES. Other counties that were on MO side were Brown, Racine, Rock, Sheboygan and Winnebago. The constitutional change ques- tion in the referendum provided no form of redistricting the senate. It posed only the question of whether the constitution should be amended to reapportion the senate WOtol in Favor MONROE, Wis. pre- cinct in Green County was a 100 to 1 shot in the "yes" col- umn of Tuesday's reapporticn- ment referendum. The Town of; Sylvester voted just that 100 yes and one no. -Parting It Such Sweet Sorrow for Maureen Tamplin, 14-year-old Australian miss, and her mount, Lavendar Lass. The young rider bemoans her fate after spilling on the first hurdle of the pony hunt contest at Sydney's Royal Easter Show. Maureen rated a cheer when she remounted and rode after medics found nothing dam- agjsd but her feelingi. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) by area and population and assembly by population. It will be up to the legislature to decide what consideration should be given to area and what to popu- lation in redistricting the senate. It also will be up to the legisla- ture to decide the fate of the so- called Rosenberry law, passed by the 1951 legislature. This law reapportioned both houses of the legislature by popu- lation only, to become effective in January, 1954. The legislature can adopt the outline of the Rosenberry law as it applies to the assembly, as the new mandate does not affect that house. Under this outline Milwau- kee, Brown, Dane, Eau Claire, Rock, Winnebago and Wood coun- ties would gain representation. The senate, however, under the new constitutional provision, could be divided by the legislature In any one of a dozen ways. Under any plan rural areas would be sure to gain at the expense of the met- ropolitan centers. An advisory referendum on a question similar to the one decided Tuesday was held in the 1952 gen- eral election with the NO winning by a vote of 753 092 to GOP Organization ;i' Backed by the state Republican organization, the state Chamber of Commerce and farm a resolution then was pushed through the legislature early this year to provide for a second this one a binding vote and not advisory as was last ballot. Opposition to the change came from labor, bi-partisan groupi from metropolitan areas and the state Democratic Organizing Com- i. ;