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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 7, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Much Colder Tonight And Thursday Daily Record 14 Births, Deaths Weather, River News NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 116 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, APRIL 7, 1954 TWENTY-TWO PAGES Ike Warns Against Losses in Asia ANSWERS MCCARTHY Ike Denies Knowing Of H-Bomb Delays WASHINGTON BV-President Eis. enhower said today he knows nothing about an 18-month delay in hydrogen bomb development as charged by Sen. McCarthy The President' also said he always has regarded commentator Ed- ward R. Murrow, assailed by Mc- Carthy, as a friend. The President's remarks were at a White House news conference, during which he also said the United States has no need to de- velop a hydrogen bomb bigger than the one it already has. Sen. McCarthy said Tuesday night thai: research on America's H-bomb was deliberately stalled for 18 months despite information that Russia was pushing j similar project. He asked if this delay would have been possible if there had not been Communists in the American government. The senator's speech was in re- ply to a program, critical of bis activities, by Murrow. McCarthy called Murrow "the leader and the cleverest of -the jackal pack which is always found at the throat of anyone who dares to expose Communists and trait- Eisenhower told questioners he knew nothing about McCarthy's broadcast and had never heard of any delay in H-bomb development. Questioned further, he said he was very close to the chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission Lewis L. the chair- man never has mentioned such a thing to him. Eisenhower went on to say he didn't recall ever having any phil- osophical discussions with Murrow. He said that in London, during World War II, he always thought of Murrow as a friend. Murrow broadcast from London when Eisen- Steinle Elected To 10-Year Term By ARTHUR BYSTROM MILWAUKEE voters named Justice Roland J, Steinle, 57, to the Supreme Court Tuesday for a 10-year term. The Wauwatosa jurist who ascended to the high court from a Mil- waukee circuit judgeship in January on an appointment by Gov. Kohler won the full term over William Dieterich, 56, Hartford attorney. TODAY The non-partisan election was closer than many observers ex- pected it. to be. Final returns are expected to give Justice Steinle a margin of twice that number: cast ballots. Near-Complete Vote Returns from of the state's precincts gave Steinle 003 votes and Dieterich With unofficial returns from 66 of the state's 71 counties in, Steinle had the edge in all except 12 coun- ties where Dieterich either was ahead or had won. In several other counties Dieterich was very U. S. Can Survive H-Bomb By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON a candi- date for the madhouse would at- tempt to be reassuring about the hydrogen bomb. Yet a great deal of nonsense has been written about the bomb, especially in the last j close, but he took a bad beating I in Rtoinlo'c couple of weeks. And, unless the J" country is to adopt hopeless de-1 featism as a national policy, it is {rom 586 of 613 precmcts gave important to understand that the Steinle Dieterich power of the weapons, while in Dieterich lost his home county theory without limit, is in practice He limited. Take, for example, the final test in the current test series in the Pacific. This is supposed to develop a power of 40 megatons, or about times the power of the bomb that destroyed Hiroshima. Even this may be an underesti- mate, however, since advance esti- mates have an odd way of going wrong, where the hydrogen bomb hower was supreme commander of Allied Powers. Bombs Big Enough The President was asked at the outset of today's news conference whether the United States con- templates making "bigger and big- ger" hydrogen bombs. He replied this country has no intention of going into a program of seeing how big a bomb it can make. He said he knows of no military requirement that would lead to the development of a bomb bigger than the type already in use. Obviously he was referring to the two hydrogen weapons tested last month in the far Pacific. He said the scientists have spec- ulated a bomb can be made of un- limited enough to blow a hole in the earth's but he made it plain he regarded the size of the bomb exploded in the Pacific as the greatest that can be used with maximum ef- ficiency. Termed Ridiculous McCarthy's statement was called "absolutely ridiculous" by- Rep. Melvin Price a member of the Joint Congressional Commit- tee on Atomic Energy. "He doesn't know what he's talk- ing Price said in Wash- ington. "He showed complete ig- norance." Price said there may have been some delay in getting the H-bomb project started, but "certainly not for the reasons" McCarthy indi- cated. Both the Atomic Energy Com- mission and Rep. W. Sterling Cole chairman of the joint atomic committee, declined com- ment. probably. votes. Many fore- The H-bomb .statement was a casts were that he would win by i by-product of McCarthy's reply to -Murrow that he has The total vote probably will be j abused his authority as a Senate less than when all returns j investigator, are than one-fourth thej Murrow attacked McCarthy on number of the people eligible to j March 9. He offered to turn his Third H-Bomb Test Carried Out in Pacific WASHINGTON (Si The gov- ernment announced today that an- other test of nuclear weapons was carried out Tuesday at the Pacific proving grounds and described it as "successful." "Information of great importance to national defense continues to be derived from this test Chairman Lewis L. Strauss of the Atomic Energy Commission said in a statement. He added: "As in the previous instance in preparation for these tests the Naval and Air Force units at- tached to the task force carefully searched the area both visually and by radar for possible shipping." The brief announcement did not specifically identify this test as a thermonuclear, or H-bomb, test. However, it was'described as the third in the present series. The two earlier March 1 and March H-bomb devices and this third one presumably did so also. Japs Burned By H-Bomb Likely to Die TOKYO Japanese doctor said today he had "no optimism" for the recovery of some of the 23 Japanese fishermen burned by radioactive ash from the March 1 H-bomb blast at Bikini. Dr. Kazuo Miyoshi said "the next week will tell" whether the men will live. He did not say how many are dangerously ill, but previously two of the 23 were listed as criti- Giving Britain Veto Right on Bomb Opposed Knowland Reports Agreement With Allies Changed By JACK BELL WASHINGTON senators of both parties made it clear today they are opposed to giving Great Britain or any other ally a veto on American use of the hydrogen Sen.Johnson Backs Knowland Support Plan Free Nations Cautioned Against Appeasing Reds WASHINGTON Ei- senhower said today the free world simply can't afford greater losses to the Communists in Asia. Loss of Indochina and the rest of Southeast Asia would have in- calculable consequences, be told a news conference. Eisenhower said this country is conducting talks with its allies looking toward united action to keep Indochina free but he said no detailed course of action has been set at this time. He denied, in effect, widespread reports that the United States has asked six allies to join in a com- mon warning against further ag- gression by Communist China in any part of Southeast Asia. It wouldn't be right, Eisenhower said, for this country to propose an answer before there has been a joint study of the problem. Important to Free World But the question of what to do in Indochina is of the utmost im- portance to the whole free world, the President said, and is getting more attention than almost any other thing. WASHINGTON Mundt (R-SD) said today.a lawyer has Eisenhower said he doubts if Adlai Stevenson, 1952 Democratic presidential nominee, in a speech before the United Nations Association of Greater Chicago Tuesday, said that President Eisenhower's speech to the nation on atomic and other fears was one "I agree with heartily." Stevenson is shown before the speech talking with Mrs. Robert W. Maynard, left, ex-director of the association, and Mrs. Earl Jacobsen, chair- man of the membership drive. (UP Telephoto) bomb. Sen. Hickenlooper (R-Iowa) pointed up the issue with a decla- ration in the Senate yesterday that former President Truman was "not correct" in saying that a World War II American-British agree- ment not to use the atomic bomb without the other's consent still was in effect. Truman, in Kansas City, had "no comment" on Hickenlooper's contradiction of his statement, but said, "The record speaks for it- self." Truman and others agreed the 1943 understanding would not cover the H-bomb. Treaty Changed Asserting that Hickenlooper was "absolutely Sen. Knowland of California, the GOP floor lead- er, said in an interview that the agreement was "not satisfactory j investigation. He refused to disclose the man's name, and was changed." He added that Mundt said the lawyer is "not well known adding: "I'm sure Joe McCarthy never heard of this man." Mundt said the man was interviewed secretly this morning by 'Lawyer Joe Never Heard of7 Tentative Choice for Counsel agreed tentatively to serve as special counsel in the McCarthy-Army he wants no future agreement of cal. Dr. Miyoshi, chief physician at Tokyo University Hospital, where are being treated, Jn Milwaukee CountVj returns is concerned. First H-Bomb The first hydrogen bomb, tested in November, 1952, was expected to generate power of less than one megaton, and developed instead about five megatons. The second, tested on March 1 of this year, was expected to develop between four and six megatons. and astounded" the scientists (to quote President Eisenhower) when it exploded with 14 megaton force. The third hydrogen bomb was supposed to develop a power of about three megatons, and most surprising of all, instead it devel- oped close to 17. Thus the forthcoming biggest of the big bangs, if it is permitted to go through on schedule, could quite conceivably fool the scien- tists asain, and develop several times the expected power. But (Continued on Page 11, Column 4) ALSOPS WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Generally County to Counties in which Dieterich won or was leading included Buffalo, Crawford, Douglas, Dunn, Jack- son, Kenosha, Lafayette, Manito- woc, Pierce, Rusk, St. Croix, and Sauk. Although the election was non- the returns showed some reflection of the political leanings of the two candidates. Dieterich, who once was closely allied with the Progressive party, although in recent years he has been a candidate for Republican nominations, carried most of the counties where the Progressives once were strong. He also won in some of the strong labor counties, such as Manitowoc and Kenosha. Steinle has not been active in 30-minute "See It show over to the senator for his reply. Reply Prepared Although the reply was kept se- cret until shortly before air time, Murrow, through sources he de- clined to divulge, obtained knowl- edge of the charges and drew up a reoiy. The charges and answers in- cluded: McCarthy: That Murrow "as far back as 20 years ago was en- gaged in propaganda for Commu- that kind. British officials have given their opinion that the former agreement no longer holds. "Any agreement that gives any other nation a veto on our use of atomic weapons, on which our very existence may exist, cannot be Knowland declared. Sen. Byrd a member of I the Senate Armed Services Com- mittee, said that as he understands the Eisenhower administration's military policy "There will be no hinges on how se- massive retaliation unless the Rus- nist causes The March 9 at- (Continued on Page 19, Column 5) IKE riously the radioactivity affects their bone marrow, producer of in- fection-fighting white blood cor- puscles. Some of the fishermen are run- ning a fever as a result of frequent blood transfusions to wash the ra- dioactivity from their systems, the doctor said. All of the men are suffering from various degrees of radiation sick- ness caused by their exposure to radioactive ash which showered their boat, the Lucky Dragon, aft- er the H-bomb blast. The crew said the boat was about 80 miles ifrom the Bikini test site. Cold Wave Warning Issued for State MINNEAPOLIS (.fl The Cities a record high of 77 and neapolis Weather Bureau today issued this special cold wave warning: "Cold wave over the north and west portion of Minne- sota tonight with temperatures falling to 5 to 15. Partly cloudy with snow flurries in the extreme north. Much colder southeast to- night. Thursday generally fair and cold. The low tonight southeast 15 Redwood Falls 71. Colder weather was forecast for tonight with snow flurries mostly in the north portion. politics in recent years but he was I to 20. Thursday's high will be in prominent in the Republican party I the 30s. before he became a circuit judge j Early morning thunderstorms in in Milwaukee 14 years ago. He southern Minnesota elevated a dog once was the party's nominee for j named Tippy to the rank of a lieutenant governor and served as a chairman of the GOP in Milwau- kee County in 1935. Close in Eau Claire An unusual aspect of the election was the fact that Dieterich won five of the 11 counties of the ninth dis- trict which last fall elected a Dem- ocratic representative to Congress for the first time in history. Diet- erich also was very close in three of the counties of that area, losing, for example, Eau Claire by a to 2.424 margin. This may have been a reflec- tion of the old Progressive vote of the area. That party was very fair and much colder tonight and ,there previously _ __.. _ Rfpmlp onrt TYipfpTMr-V Thursday. Low tonight 28, high I Thursday 34. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 81; minimum, 53; noon, 53; precipitation, .91; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. Temp. 75 at p.m. Tuesday. Low 51 degrees at noon today. Other noon en layer clouds at feet and an overcast at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind from the west north- west at with gusts up to 33, barometer at 29.75 rising, humidity 72 per cent. Steinle and D.ieterich qualified for the runoff in the March 9 pri- mary when they led a three-man race. In that primary Steinle had 125.450 votes, Dieterich and Perry J. Stearns, Shorewood, 28.134. Steinle was appointed to succeed Justice Oscar M. Fritz who retired. He stepped UD to the high court on Jan. 4 to fill the unexpired term of Fritz which would end next January. The winning justice is a gradu- ate of Marquette University Law School and praticed law in Mil- waukee before he was appointed circuit judge in 1940. He was elect- ed to the post in April of that year and held it until elevated to the high court. barnyard hero, resulted in many of the residents of Luverne being awakened by the honking of mixed- up geese and caused loss of a barn near Austin. Tippy, a pup of no special breed, was credited with saving 22 Hoi- stein cattle after lightning set a barn afire on the farm of Verd Classon near Austin. Classon said the roof was a mass of flames a few seconds after the lightning struck. "If it hadn't been for the dog, we wouldn't have been able to get any of the cattle out of the Classon added. Classon animals didn't want to leave the barn and would have gone back into the burning structure if Tippy hadn't kept barking and snapping at them. Two heifers, two calves, a bull and 20 tons of hay were lost when the 40 by 80-foot barn burned. No estimate was available on the loss. At Luverne, many residents were awakened by the loud honking of geese that swooped down on the town during a thunderstorm short- ly after midnight. The flock kept circling above the lights of the town until the storm died down. Much of the state had rain dur- ing the night or early today after the mercury climbed to record highs at some central and southern points Tuesday afternoon. Roches- ter had a high of 78, the Twin' sians attack us." "If we have time to consult with our allies, well and he said. "But if we are attacked, we will strike back and there will be no time for any consultation." Secretary of State Dulles has in- dicated that a situation might arise in which such retaliation would be launched in respdnse to Commu- nist aggression which did not in- volve a direct attack on this coun- try. Will Consult Sen. Maybank (D-SC) said he thinks it proper to consult with al- lies about attempts to outlaw use of hydrogen weapons. But if war comes, he-said, it will be all-out from the start "and we can't af- ford to have any commitments that would tie us down." Chairman Wiley (R-Wis) of the Senate Foreign Relations commit- tee said the 1943 agreements has served its purpose and he sees no reason to renew it now. Wiley said it is obvious, how- ever, that the British would have to be consulted on American use of their bases to launch H-bomb or A-bomb attacks in case of war, and Knowland agreed. the Senate Investigations Subcommittee, conducting the probe. France Asks U.S. for More Indochina Aid PARIS has urgently requested more assistance for the war in Indochina from the United States, the French Foreign Min- istry announced today. The request was especially for ______ planes and aviation materiel, the j neutral. Mundt said he would not say that the man has been "tentatively accepted" by the Senate Investi- gations Subcommittee, which will conduct the inquiry, but that the man has tentatively agreed to take the job. "We were led to Mundt said, if-we could tell him that we made a complete check and are completely convinced that the man is the right one for the job he would say yes." Selection of a counsel .has been holding up the start of public hearings voted March 16. Samuel B. Sears, the Boston trial lawyer hired for the post April 1, resigned yesterday after questions had been raised about whether he could be completely announcement said. A ministry spokesman said the announcement was made in con- firmation of newspaper reports. The request "is not exactly he said, adding it was pre- sented in Washington several days ago. The United States announced March 26 a pledge of emergency aid under which 25 more American B26 fighter-bombers would be sent to Indochina for French use, along with ammunition and other sup- plies. The planes were to be provided on a temporary loan basis for use in keeping up round-the-clock aerial blasts at the Communist-led Viet- minh besieging the French Union fortress of Dien Bien Phu. There has been no announcement yet that the planes and emergency supplies have been sent. Farmstead, between Northboro and Blanchard in southwest Iowa, was one of seven farms wrecked by a tornado in a four-mile stretch between the two towns. The twister car- ried the house off its foundation, stripped it of its roof and siding. The front steps of the house now lead only to a gaping hole of the basement. Other farm buildings were'1 completely demolished. (AP Wirephoto) there is much chance of reaching a negotiated settlement of the Indo- chinese question at the Geneva conference to be held April 26. Almost simultaneously with the President's news conference. Sec- retary of State Dulles was discus- sing Indochina at the Republican Women's Centennial Conference here. The Secretary of State said the United States is seeking to develop a united will among friendly na- tions interested in the Southeast Asian area which would doom Red China's ambitions there to defeat. Dulles said that if present ne- gotiations produce such a will and make the stand of the free nations sufficiently clear then there would be less need for "united action" to save Indochina from Com- munism. But he declared grimly that the potential danger to free world in- terests in the area is very great and there exists the risk of a 'great disaster" there. Backed by Democrat At the Capitol, Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas threw Democra- tic weight behind a stand by Sen. Knowland (R-Calif) that the free nations should "step up and be counted" on measures to resist Communist aggression in Indo- china. Johnson, the Senate's Democrat- ic leader, praised Knowland's stand He insisted he could be, but he quit, he said, because he "would not want the credibility of the pro- ceedings to be handicapped from the very outset by any alleged word, deed or commitment that I might have uttered in the past." He told a news conference there had been "a grievous misunder- standing. j 1C jeauei, .tmvwiauu a He said he was thinking only of an interview and added: McCarthy's current row with the are at crossroads of tor- Army officials when he declared eign policy We're either last Thursday, the day he took the job, that he never had taken a stand publicly or privately on the subject of McCarthy or "McCar- thyism." He said he was not trying to deny or conceal earlier public dec- larations praising McCarthy for a "great job" of fighting Commu- going to have collective security or we are going to know where we stand." Knowland, the GOP leader, told the Senate yesterday in a debate sparked by Sen.'Kennedy (D-Mass) that "the free nations of the world cannot ignore or sidestep" any en- try in force by Red China into nists. Indochina. His departure made it almost Mutt Be Counted certain the Senate Investigations "if the free nations really be- Subcommittee would not meet its JHeve in collective security, now target date of next Monday for >is the time to step up and be the opening of televised hearings into the dispute between Army of- ficials and the subcommittee chair- he declared. Sen, Jackson declar- ing he doesn't want the free world to be pushed to the alternatives of withdrawal or all-out war, said man, McCarthy. Sen. Mundt who will _____ run the probe as acting chairman, j Eisenhower ought to "tell us what announced "at least one" more I he expects of Congress and the lawyer from outside Washington j United States." will be interviewed by the sub-1 Jackson told the Senate yester- !committee during the day as a pos-! day an informed Congress could sible special counsel. jpass a resolution showing it fras Sen. McClellan of Arkansas, the behind the administration's policy, subcommittee's senior Democratic I "hnnes and a.snirations" regarding member, told reporters "hopes and aspirations' "I don't Indochina. think it's improbable" that the post would be filled today. He declined to elaborate. Mundt disclosed late yesterday the subcommittee had asked the Supreme Court about the [propri- ety of having a federal judge take the counsel post, and that the jus- tices unanimously advised against such a-step. He said Chief Justice Warren reported "they felt it would estab- lish a dangerous precedent which would not be in the best public interest." The bid would have gone to Judge Harold Medina of the 2nd U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals if the justices had approved the idea, Mundt said, Bus Plunges Through Bridge, 16 Drown URFA, Turkey pas- sengers drowned and 24 were in- jured when a wooden bridge col- lapsed and the bus carrying them plunged into the Evlap River near this town in southeast Turkey Tues- day. There have been reports abroad that the United States is trying to arrange for a five-power warn- ing to the Chinese Communists against any major aggressive move toward Indochina and South- east Asia in general. President Eisenhower has ear- marked nearly one-third of next year's foreign aid budget for military and economic help to Indochina. The budget, sent to Congress yesterday, cuts foreign aid funds over a billion dollars, including a slash of 58 per cent in European assistance. This proposal was reported to have been discussed with congres- sional leaders of both parties at a State Department conference last week. Atk Joint Stand It reportedly would call for a joint declaration by the United States, Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand. A State Department spokesman refused to confirm the report of plans for a warning, but said Dulles had discussed the Southeast Asia situation with representatives of the countries named, as well as of Thailand and the Philippines. ;