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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 7, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FAIR TONIGHT AND FRIDAY SUPPORT YOURY.M.CA. VOLUME 49, NO. 43 WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 7, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY-FOUR PAGES 'Fai r I'F arm European Arms President Hopes for Peace Without Use of A-Bomo Funds to Come Out of Budget Truman Hopes to Absorb Most of Additional Cost By John M. Hightower Tru-; man reportedly hopes to absorb; within his budget' most if not all of a proposed outlay i of about to arm West-j ern European countries in the At-] lantic alliance. j This may be accomplished largely by digging into the already assigned tc the Army, Navyi and Air Force for the year begin-' nlng July 1. At the same time, as part of the new program, the administration is virtually committed to develop a strategic plan for defense of the Western world. This eventually may shift some of the nation's mili- tary power out of the United States and into the European area. This was indicated by defense department spokesmen in Army day speeches yesterday and the day be- fore. How long it may take to accom- plish this realignment under the North Atlantic treaty is an open question, but some think it will take three or four years to make the Atlantic pact countries in Western Europe relatively secure against any Russian invasion. The government's experts give two principal reasons for this. One is that leading western officials do! not believe war is imminent. They! assume there is time to build up strength. The other reason is that economic recovery in Europe has priority over military recovery and arms be ship- ped to the Atlantic countries in rela- tively small quantities. Mr. Truman is expected to sub- mit the new defense treaty to the Senate in a day or so. It was signed here Monday by the United States, Britain, France and nine other nations. The State department is now com- pleting a program for military aid to reinforce the treaty by strength- ening the rearmament of the prin- cipal pact powers. In addition to the sum of about for alliance countries, the program is expected to provide around for nations in other parts of the world so that the total authorization to be requested from Congress may amount to about Stephen Early Named Defense Undersecreiary York harbor, a government attorney says. Washington President Tru-j Afc Crowe-s arraignment here last night, Chief Assistant U. s. Attor- man today nominated Stephen T. irvine Saypol gave details of the looting of in National fnrmpr White J ____LCity bank funds. By Ernest B. Vaccaro President Tru- man held out hope today that world peace can be maintained without; the need for dropping another atom- ic bomb. And his administration leaders hoped at the same time that his heavy emphasis on foreign affairs last night in a talk with Democratic j freshmen in Congress might bring i rose to 75 today as grief -stricken New Hospital To Be Built At Effingham Temporary Army Structure Asked In Emergency Boy Struck by Ball Dies In Schoolyard By Roger Lane Effingham, 111. The list Of) and reported missing' new peace to the party. Effingham buried more bodies from The President said he made the j Anthony's decision to drop atomic bombs onicoveredi bu{ search Of the ruins Japan in the interest of saving 000 American lives, and perhaps to of the enemy. "Now I believe that we are in a position where we will never have went on. The Catholic chancery' office which governs the hospital said all but seven of, the 70 bodies have been identified. Mrs. Elizabeth Schuete, 78, of Teutopolis, 111., died today of burns to make that decision he and shock at an Effingham home. 'She had been a first floor patient aeciarea. 'at the hospital since 1945. "But, if it has to be made for the: The bodies of five others, still welfare of the United States, and i listed as missing, are believed bu- the democracies of the world are atoned in the blackened ruins. The wouldn't hesitate to makei pital was destroyed early Tues- stake, I it again. "I hope and pray that that will] never be necessary." day. Funeral services were held today at Effingham, Casey, Dleterich, The setting for the cocktail par- ty and buffet dinner was the same room of the Carlton hotel where the President entertained the signers of Atlantic pact Monday JMontrose, Stewardson and Sumway. the North night. Isaac Avery. White House carpenter, points to a crack in the north wall of the executive mansion's second floor west hall. En- trance to Miss Margaret Truman's room is at right. Plaster has been removed from the brick wall to show the seams produced by set- tling of center of house. Extensive rebuilding is planned. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) There was no mention in his off- the-cuff in those of Vice-President Barkley and Speaker differences within the party on domestic legislation. There was no talk of civil labor or other controversial issues. Instead, the President told'.some 100 representatives and senators he wanted their support for "peace and the welfare of every nation and every race in the world." He said he thought the Atlantic pact was "a step that will prevent our having to make a decision" use the bomb. to Banker Returned to New York to Face TheftCount New Bank Official Richard Crowe made his flight j to Florida, he paid 100 debts and dumped in bonds into Newj Black River Falls, cial) Seven-year-old Robert Nemitz was killed instantly at noon Wednesday when he was struck with a softball. He was pitching during a game on the playgrounds of his school on the' outskirts of Black River Falls. The son of Mr. and Mrs. Claire Nemitz of Alma Center, he was struck directly above the heart by the ball he had just pitched. He fell, to the ground and was dead by the time his playmates reached him. The fatal blow was a hard line drive. Young Nemitz was standing about ten feet from the batter, a 15-year-old boy. Dr. L. J. Irvin of Black River Falls, called to the Pleasant View school, one-half mile from this community, said the ball stopped heart action instantly. Young Nemitz had been mak- ing his home with his maternal grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. Ray Smith, route five, since enroll- ing in the first grade last fall. He had just celebrated his sev- enth birthday February 11. His home was on a farm with his parents and a younger brother just out of Alma Center. Nemitz family is widely known in this area, Having lived here many years. Funeral services will be held Friday at 2 p. m. at the Alma Center Lutheran church. Ar- rangements are being handled by the Jensen Funeral home at Hixton. Russ Berlin Mood Remains Anti-West By Richard Kasischke Russians made two moves last night in contradic- tion to their recent actions and statements but responsible American offi- Thirteen babies who died in the cjais saw no Indication the Soviet attitude was softening, flames which swept the building! Russians sent some of their top officials to an American party in about an hour were burled yes-jln honor of Army day and they partially lifted their ban against the Food Price Cut, Stable Farm Income Aims Brannan Outlines New Support Plan to Committee By Ovid A. Martin Truman ad- ministration offered a new farm program today aimed at giving con- sumers a "real break" on food prices and farmers a stable, fair income. It would use many of the econom- jic devices now employed by the government. But it would make a major change designed to put more meat, milk, other dairy products, eggs and poultry in retail stores at lower price tags. Secretary of Agriculture Brannan outlined the plan before a joint meeting of the House and Senate agriculture committees. It is the administration's substitute for the Aiken farm law passed by the Re- publican 80th Congress. The new the pres- ent use the mechanism of government price or income guarantees to farmers. But unlike the present program, the government would not attempt terday. Allied-sponsored west mark in this cold war city. The Roman Catholic Order of St. jjut Berliners who picked up to-1 Francis, which had operated Russian-controlled newspa-' hospital for 76 years, already has pledged for the new ing, and civic leaders expected to match that amount in a six-day fund. Solicitation teams of 300 workers were being organized to contact all of Effingham county's fam- ilies for contributions. pers certainly noticed no change, i They saw the same old comm-j unist propaganda accusing the Am- ericans and British of everything money-raising campaign. Insurance. from warmongering to white sla- benefits will add to the" very> overhead they heard the con- tinual roar of the tireless airlift bringing food and supplies over the trical supply company here, pledged to the fund and smalll George D_ Hays, deputy ot Gener contributions were received byial Lucius D. Clay. "You want to continue to see this grexat country of ours grow and do the right thing for all the people of the the President went on, "because the welfare of the world is now our responsibility. "Whether we like it or not, we have been forced into that posi- tion by two World wars, both of which could have been avoided." The party was Jointly sponsored by Democratic freshman senators, the national committee and the par- ty's congressional campaign com-1 William A. O'Connor of the Sprmg- tholic dio- Stevenson, Transit Strike In New York May End Soon By The Associated Press New York City officials were re- ported'hopeful the week-old taxi- cab strike would end by Thursday night. Union leaders, however, said __ _ the walkout would be intensified. mail from Chicago and South first'American party i In Washington, D. C., publica- I attended by high Russian officials tion of four daily newspapers re-j said he since the Soviets walked out on turned to normal after a 25-hour j Russian blockade. The Russian-controlled press did not mention that V. S. Semionov, plans were for erection ambassador to their zone of a 150-bed hospital to cost about Germany, and Lieutenent Gen- with state and federal M. Dratvin, deputy milit- financial aid. !ary governor of the Russian zone, Bud Mansfield, owner of an elec- j snowed up at the Army day recep- tendered by Major General kota. Mayor M. B. Rinehart ___ will proclaim next Tuesday, as a j council here and memorial day for the disaster vie-! imposed their blockade of the city's tims. Business establishments m western sectors. the city will be closed that day Hays, the host at the party, for the services. Invited guests said be was "Very pleased the Rus- were expected to include Bishop sjans accepted the invitation. That's with his program. Early, long-time former White House secretary, to be undersec- retary of defense. The appointment fills a new post created by a law Mr. Truman sign- ed on Saturday. The idea is that the undersecre- tary will, in effect, be "general manager" of the military establish- ment, handling many details and leaving Secretary of Defense Louis A, Johnson more time for dealing with policy matters. Early, 60. is now vice-president and ofi Albert Lea Boy Saves Companion mlttee. Its object: To get new con-j field, m., Roman Catholic dio- gressm'en better acquainted with theicese, Governor Ac President and .more in sympathy i Senator Scott Lucas and Mayor Martin Kennelly of Chicago. Meanwhile, Mayor Rinehart ask- ed federal aid in providing the city with hospital facilities pending com- pletion of the new building. In a telegram yesterday to President Truman, Rinehart said: "Request you furnish us a com- plete temporary hospital unit of 125 beds and necessary equipment to serve our needs until erection of new hospital facilities." Emergency facilities for mater- nity cases have been established at the Effingham clinic, and nuns of the hospital staff expected to The attorney said the husky, 41- Qf two malignant diseases with ra< year-old banker had packed his bag with "as much currency as he could in the vault of the branch bank where he was assistant manager. Crowe, with only some small change in his pocket, was returned Albert Lea, Minn. In theihere by pjane irom Florida yester- words of Robert Wyant, 14, days after he disappeared, current hero, "Golly, that! Tanned but glum as he stepped Lea's water was cold." from a plane at La Guardia field. Crowe was whisked away by F.B.I. Radioactive Aids Help in Treating Malignant Disease Knoxville, results in the treatment of victims all there is to it, as far as I can ee." The Russians partial recognition wildcat walkout by A.F.L. press-j men. i Police said two-thirds of New York's cabs are back in ser- vice. The larger companies claim- ed the strike "is broken" but the union, a branch of the United Mine Workers, said the stoppage is 80 per cent effective. of the west mark was interpreted! The cabbies' union is seeking by American officials as a matter wage increases, a closed shop andj of necessity. The Soviets announc- ed the west mark would be accept- other benefits. Orders from the international ed in payment for fares and of the Printing Press- at railway stations in the Union ended the brief news- sectors. The Russians control the paper strike in the nation's capit- eastern German railway system al. The walkout halted pubhca- and the city's elevated railway, tion of the Washington Post, Ev- The Russians previously hadjening Star, Times-Herald and News, clung to their edict outlawing the] Leaders of the striking local said western mark. But when the West- they went out because' of failure ern powers on March 20 made the to negotiate a new contract to re- west mark the sole legal tender1! place one that expired February for western Berlin, the Russians were put on the spot. The issue they faced was that dioactive elements were reported today by a committee of doctors and scientists, Relief and improvement were private homes, brought to many patients suffering a with polycythemia, a group spokes- man said. Polycythemia is a mal- Marshall Plan :____t hu PY-il'ial aiiaii i tots have the slightly-damaged operat- thousands of west Berliners work- ing room of St. Anthony cleaned up {OJ. tne rajiway system needed for use today. The nuns offered j west marks to pay for their I their nursing services to patients: ,d and rent_ ignant disease characterized by ex- cessive red blood cells. It is treated with radiophosphorus element phosphorus made ra-l dioactive in the atomic laboratories Recovery Truman Says Dumped into Fountain "want! Ridge, Tenn. its manufacturing affihate, Pull ,___ j improvement also was shown, Washington-Wl-President man, Inc. He is a Washington resi- Tru. mKe lUUy L.lULliCU, UUIV I.V O.AJJWWWJ. i ir, o shoe, yesterday to rescue Donald At nis arraignment, he said "II committee reported, in many cases man today predicted in a Dirksen, 12. a fellow ball player, plead gunty." But Federal Judge patients with cancer of the thy- fpll into water 1 n'f-vA Tiim hp rtirT typrp t.rpn.t.pfi With radiO- dent. "hrcToseiBonaTd'accidentally fell into C7coxe told him he were treated with radio- confidant andI press secretary ten feet deep while seeking to re- need to plead thTlate President Roosevelt. itrieve a fly ball Wyant_had _bat-jwaived a preliminary hearing at that time if he] iodine. -Results have been most favor- a ren staved on briefly at the White ted over the fence at St. Theodores Crowe hs W0uld waive thejable in cases where we have found ol tho staees." HoTse M.Roose eH, f school, then accepted the posts with the Pullman companies. Junior College Classes Expanding Chicag-0 Roy W. Goddard, Rochester, Minn. Junior college dean attending the National Con- ference on Higher Education here, said last night adult education ser- vices provided by junior or com- munity colleges are being expanded I hearing. Bail of set at anjthe cancer in the early i. HPrt T71a TOQ C 4-VIA fi-ii-iVacm a -rt OQirl VlS-VG All the youthful baseball players j arraignment in Tampa, rushed to the scene as Donald: A grand jury" now must shouted for help just before he on the fecjeral embezzlement down. Robert waited long enough charce to untie one boot. Then he jumped in and seconds later brought Donald up, cold and wet but alive. Father Thomas M. Ploof, head of charge. His wife, Mrs. Honora Wall Crowe, and her brother. Major Frank Wall, visited him before, the arraignment. Saypol told the court that Crowe the school, said "Robert is a real planned embezzlement on Thurs- hero and we're mighty proud ofjd March 24, the day he looted him." Maynard Hanson, Boy Scout] h lt f tfa Broadway branch area executive, said the would be reported to national head- Over that weekend, Crowe re- to meet specific community needs, tions gold honor medal. New Rocket Engine May Give Miles Per Hour Speed quarters and that Robert, a scout, mamed at his Staten island home, might possibly receive the organiza-1 tne attorney said, keeping up his New of a rocket engine that may carry aircraft at the unprece- dented speed of more than 1.600 miles an hour is nearing com- pletion. The Curtiss-Wright Corpora- tion is building the power unit for a new Air Force plane, the X-2 which is said to be de- signed to fly faster than any known aircraft. The firm announced yesterday that work on the power unit is in its final stages at its Cald- well, N. J-. A company spokesman said the new plane is designed to outfly the X-l, which, accord- ing to its builder, the Bell Air- craft, Corporation, would go "60 or 70 per cent faster" than the X-l. If the Washington reports are correct, this would mean a speed of about or miles an hour for the X-1A. Curtlss Wright said the new X-2 would be used "to obtain scientific data on which to base the design for future combat aircraft." social life, and dispatching money some 100 creditors. The F.B.I. (said he mailed about to persons he owed, I On Sunday, Saypol related, Crowe jtook a ride on the Staten Island I ferry, and tossed an envelope with in bonds from the bank Jinto New York bay. Earlier, Crowe I was quoted as saying he threw the bonds into the Atlantic ocean to spite the bank's officials. The next day, Crowe did not ap- pear at the bank for work. Crowe was arrested last Monday at Daytona Beach, Fla., after FBI. men had traced him through two men nau imueu luui w automobiles he had purchased and timate of then abandoned. He still had the new senior the spokesman said. "Results have not been favorable when complica- tions have arisen or when the can- cer has been radio-resistant." The Isotopic Therapy committee disclosed these developments in its first report on an isotopic clinic. The group is supervising the new atomic medical program at the uni- versity of Tennessee's Knoxville hospital. The university and the Knoxville academy of medicine set up the committee and the clinic last fall. The spokesman, who declined use of his name, said treatnuftits are limited, at present, to patients suf- fering with cancer of the thyroid or with polycythemia. He added that a few patients with other mal- ignant diseases have, however, been treated at the urgent request of their physicians and families. Mankato School Contracts Awarded Hagstrom Con- struction Company, St. Paul, was low bidder yesterday with an es- and to British Prime Minister Attlee that the recovery goal of the Mar- shall plan will be "fully realized." His message was in reply to one from Mr. Attlee on April 3, first tnniversary of the European re- covery act. The President said the first-year record of the European countries has been one of "tireless hard work" and of "great accomplish- ment in .industry, .in agriculture, in trade." in his suitcase. In contrast to his glum mood on his arrival here, passengers said that on the plane trip from Florida Crowe joked and chatted and acted as if he were on a "pleasure memorial field here. Tb Plumbing Heating Company got that job on a bid of and the Draper Electric Company will do that work for Both the latter are Mankato firms. The Western powers told them to settle the issue with their com- munist-controlled employers. The Russians stalled. They said they had no west marks. Then the work- ers threatened to strike. The Russians obviously couldn't afford to fire all these people and 7. Publishers said the pressmen were protected by the old contract pending agreement on a new one. They said the strikers violated a contract clause by walking out without notice. In San Francisco Harry Bridges t fl d claimed an overwhelming vote of How Plan Works Washington If deter- mined now, this is how 1950 farm price supports would look under both the new administra- tion farm program and the pres- ent law due to go into effect next year: Wheat a bushel under administration plan and up to under present Aikcn law. and up to SI.35, under the respective plans; and up to 26.08 cents a pound; and up to Sl-97 a bushel; 9.45 and up to Ifl.t cents pound; flue-cured tobacco 49.6 and 42.9 cents a. pound; barley tobacco and 43.4 cents. and not more than 58.4 cents a pound; milk and not more than for 100 pounds; hogs and not more than for 100 pounds; and not more than 45.3 cents a dozen. Chickens 29 and not more than 25.2 cents a pound; flax- and not more than S3.74 a bushel; and not more than a bushel; dry edible and not more than for 100 pounds. and not more than S1.74 a bushel; beef cattle and not more than for 100 pounds; and not more than for 100 pounds; and not more tttan 81 cents a bushel; and not more than S1.30 a bushel. and not more than a bushel; and not more than 43.4 cents a pound, and and not more than a box. confidence from his left wing long- shore union in his attack on nat- ional C.I.O. policies. Union head- quarters said the membership vot- ed to 11% in support of his market prices of foods making up 75 per cent of the farm output. Instead, it would allow prices to move freely under influences of supply and demand. It now buys stand on union I of these foods to keep prices at tttey couldn't afford to let a strike I convention report accusing the na- tie up the city's transport. tional organization of The apparent solution was to ac- with autonomy of the International cept both Russian and western cur- rencies for fares and freight. J. F. Kilduff, chief of the Ameri- can MUitary Government's finance branch, said: "Obviously this move was forced upon the Russians. They have to get west marks to pay their west- ern employes and that's the only way to do it. It was a question of giving in on this or facing labor trouble, a matter of necessity and not one of big-heartedness." Bridges was among signers of a fafm guaranteed levels. of big supplies of most would drop below The farmer would Longshore Workers Union. The re- port promised a fight against any move to split the union into two groups, longshoremen and ware- housemen.' Philip Murray. C.I.O, president, called some of "an unmitigated .falsehood." A strike at the Ohio river ordn- ance works near Henderson, Ky., and a power failure at the muni- cipal power plant threw per- sons out of work Wednesday. The strike followed a breakdown in ne- gotiations between company and A.F.L. Chemical Workers represen- tatives. It affected 300 workers. The company offered a five cents an hour wage increase. The union asked for 35 cents. The present scale starts at 84.5 cents. Longshore Union Follows Bridges Sin Brid- ges claimed an overwhelming vote of confidence from his leftwing longshore union today in his attack on policies of the National C.I.O. By a vote of 632 and one-half to 11 and one-half, union headquarters announced, the convention of Brid President Truman, right, talks with Senator Scott Lucas center, House majority leader, at a buffet dinner for freshman Democratic senators and representatives at the Carlton hotel in Washington, D. C., last night. In an off-the-cuff talk, the Presi- dent expressed the belief that it will never be necessary to drop another atom bomb. (A.P. Wirephoto to Tne Republican-Herald.) _ ges' International Longshoremen aet government payments to sup- plement money he received from sale of his products. For example, under the present program, the government strives to keep prices of eggs from drop- ping below 35 cents a dozen on the farm. It does this by buying and removing from the market enough of the supply to keep prices from going below 35 cents. Under the new plan, the govern- ment would not interfere with the price movement. If prices dropped to 25 cents, for instance, the con- sumer would be allowed to get them at that price. The farmer would get a payment from the government covering the difference between the market price anoLthe return which the pro- gram said he should1 receive. In this case, the payment would be ten cents a dozen. This new support system would (Continued on Page 21, Column 3.) FARM PLAN WEATHER WEATHER FORECASTS For Winona and vicinity: Gener- ally fair tonight and Friday. No backed his stand on union onomy." The vote climaxed two days of stormy debate behind closed doors aut-i important temperature change. Low tonight 35; high Friday 62. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 with representatives of C.I.O. Pres- ident Philip Murray on one side and Bridges and fellow officers'on the other. It followed by a few hours of sharp attack, on Bridges by Murray. hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 58; minimum, 34; noon, 54; precipitation, trace; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 2L ;