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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 4, 1949, Winona, Minnesota YOU STILL HAVE TIME TO VOTE-POLLS OPEN UNTIL 8 TONIGHT FAIR TONIGHT AND TUESDAY SUPPORT YOURY.M. CA. VOLUME 49, NO. 40 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, APRIL 4, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES West Signs Atlantic Defense Pact The Alsops Churchill's Riddle Terrifying Truman Housing Program Near-Record Faces New Cut in Congress Wisconsin Vote Seen By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington II is not often that Winston Churchill .speaks in riddles. He did not tio so ut Fulton, where his plain words about plain facts sent the woolly minded into agonies of wishful revulsion. But at the Massachusetts In- stitute of Tech- nology last week, he chose to wrap! up the hard, ter-1 rible kernel of his! meaning in such: a way that it has! actually escaped: attention. I By Marvin L. Arrowsmith Washington A Democratic senator predicted privately today that President Truman's program for construction of public jhousing units in seven years faces a new cut in Congress. The Senate banking committee already has approved a bill which) whittles the program to units to be built over a six-year period. When the bill comes up soon for Senate debate there will be aj drive to trim the figure to units for construction over six Liquor Credit Restriction Asked in State Veteran Housing Referendum Adds To Wide Interest By The Associated Press Two huge fields of candidates years. The Senate Democrat who pre- dicted that drive will succeed ask- ed that his name not be used be- cause he is a sponsor of the bill _. providing for units and; seelang state office and a referendum expects to fight for it. jon veteran housing are expected to I know for sure from a samp-! draw near-record crowds of voters ling of the opinion around Ito Wisconsin polls tomorrow, the senator said, "that we haven't! The three main events on the got a chance of getting the April election ticket have stirred up 000-unit bill through as it stands. Isome of tne interest devoted Early Vote Heaviest in Decade Perhaps he chose to do this be-1 would prohibit granting of credit on cause what he was really saying liquor in excess of 30 davs and so terrible, so unpalatable, that1 By Jack B. Mackay St. Paul A proposal that That means the an. off-year election in quite even he did not bel of units is just out." On the other hand, Senator El- lender chief sponsor of the bill calling for dwel- ieve the time forbid "Ioss in liquor stores had come to use plain words again.'was before the state legislature to- But Mr. Churchill being Mr. ciay. Churchill, it is none the less im-j portant to extract this kernel can extend oredit beyond both the Senate and I days and that, for violation of the some time. j Topping the list of state office i seekers are 12 candidates aiming; at the vacant spot on the state su-j preme court caused by the resigna-j 4. picnic UULUO uy uie j-esituia- he believes tion of chief Marv> B j ;the chances are better than It provides that no wholesaler a program of that size willj Not far behind ten other candi phlcal wrappings. THE SIGNIFICANT passages of1 act, the liquor control commissioner the great M. I. T. speech came suspend or revoke licenses, the close. In a relentlessly mar- shalled series Churchill broke down problem as follows: tne dates are superintendent of public instruction The prospect now is that the post vacated by the Veteran bill will be called up for action John Callahan, who has announced ruiumiesaiv umi- in the Senate after it disposes of'his resignation, effective in June. of judgments Mr! "Loss leaders" are defined as the European aid bill, a supple-! Both races, in all probabilities, will! the sold at less than the mini- retail price set by the distiller, First: The Soviet union now con-jm anufacturer producer Or distribu- with "somethin uite as fronts us with "something quite as; wicked but in some ways more for- j tor. midable than Hitler." The Soviet! government is "pursuing imperialist J "The use of loss leaders by any of intoxicating liquor at retail expansion as no Czar or Kaiser" ever. detrimental to the morals of the 'second: Only "the deterrent of this state and induces the atomic bomb in the hands of the! intemperance in the use of intoxi- United States" holds the Soviet j cating the bill reads. union in check at present. If it had not been for this deterrent, "Such sales are calculated to in- 'Europe would have been commun-jduce consumers to spend a dis- ized anfl London under bombard- proportionate share of their income for intoxicating liquors to the detri- ment some time ago. Third: "We have certainly not an unlimited period of time before a settlement should be achieved. The utmost vigilance should be practiced. But I do not think myself that vlo- (Continued on Paffe 2, Column 4.) ALSOPS 8 Minnesotans Tragic Weekend Death Victims ment of the economy of the people of toe state' "Such sales Induce unwholesome mental appropriation measure j be complicated by a new state law! and the reciprocal trade bill, which requires toe winning candi-! There has been some talk, how-idate to draw a majority of the ever, of putting housing ahead of reciprocal trade. In that case, the housing bill might come up next week. Besides public housing, the- biir provides for slum clearance, a tion. housing research program design-j ed to cut building costs and spur construction, and a four-year farm home program. The bill is sponsored in the Senate by 11 Democrats and 11 Republicans. The public votes. Thus, if no candidate in either race corners at least 50 per cent of i all the votes case for the post, have to be a runnoff elec- referendum will decide whether Wisconsin may-appropriate money for "the acquisition, improve- ment or construction of veterans housing." It is in the form of a constitu- tional amendment, which, if approv- ed by the voters, will give the state housing figures agreed upon is a fhis power The measure has been compromise between the adminis- compromise between the adminis 000 This Is The Outside cover of the North Atlantic treaty. The design is gold in dark blue leather, by 14 inches in size. It is the .standard State department treaty binder, but lacking the great seal of the United States which will not be applied in this case. Inside, the treaty text pages are 9% by 13Vi Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) trade practices in the sale of In-j toxicating liquors and result in over- persuasive sales methods and pres-i sures to induce persons who ordi-j narily would not purchase intoxi-j cating liquors to become purchasers; and consumers." Further, the bill provides that noi brand of liquor shall be sold atj i retail in the original container 1 which bears the trademark or name iof the distiller or producers "unless a schedule is filed with the liquor control commissioner." i All schedules filed with the com- missioner would be subject to public] inspection and each retail licensee 1 a group of Republicans. bac backed Trans-Jordan, Israel Sign Police Fight Cleveland given all the necessary by the of the voters favor it, it becomes i part of Wisconsin's constitution. Liquor Tax An earlier session of the legisla- ture established a tax on liquor to provide a fund for veterans' housing. The state supreme court ruled that the money from the tax could notj be used for veterans housing under! _ _____w_ the state constitution. The proposed! strikers in" Cleveland Monday. By The Associated Press Club-swinging police fought with amendment Is the outcome of pickets were arrested decision. i Columbus. in Here are the candidates seeking the vacant spot on the state su- preme court bench: In New York City and Scranton, Pa., public transportation was crip- pled by taxicab and bus and trol- long strike, the authorities acted when the marchers started across a line drawn by the sheriff making a "no man's land." This zone was around the plant entrance. Sheriff Joseph M. Sween- ey wanted it left open so back-to- work employes could enter. The march was stopped and the em- ployes got in. The strike was called March 7 by local 725 of the C. I. O. United Electical Workers after the com- pany withdrew recognition for its leaders' failure to sign noncom- munist affidavits. In Columbus, Ohio, sheriff's dep- uties arrested 12 persons, includ- 12 Nations Join Pledge to Resist Any Attacker Senate Approval Needed for Final U. S. Ratification By John M. Hightower Washington Wl The United States, Britain, France and nine noncommunist Western nations join today in signing- their historic North Atlantic security treaty. This is the next to last step in pledging a one-for-all and all-for- one defense against any attacker warning clearly intended for communist Russia which has de- nounced the pact as "aggressive." If and when the treaty is ra- tified it will establish America's de- fensive frontiers in the heart of Europe for at least 20 years. A two-thirds vote of approval by the Senate, plus the President's signa- ture, is needed to seal IT. S. rat- ification. The signing ceremony was set for 3 p.m., E. S. T., (2 p.m. C. S. T.) in the government's depart- mental auditorium on Constitution avenue, a few blocks from the White House. It opens a new and perhaps more critical era in the cold war, for the West is already wondering what Russia's counter- moves may be. All 12 of the foreign ministers i who gathered here last week to put their names on the pact were list- a crucial one in the mayor's ed to speak, above five minutes each, before the actual signing grot underway (about p.m. C. S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson, signing for the United States, had the task of formally welcoming the visitors, and President Truman was scheduled to wind up the speech- making with the day's chief ad- dress, lasting about 15 minutes. Invited to hear the speeches and witness the signing were about 300 cabinet members and other gov- ernment officials, diplomats, mem- bers of Congress and newsmen rep- resenting the world press and radio. Second Time This is the second time in less 13% Cast Ballots Before Noon, Sampling Shows By Adolph Bremer Voting in the early hours of to i day's city general election indicates a turnout above average. A sampling of the city's 15 pre- cincts revealed that voting in the first five hours of the 13-hour vot- period was the highest for any i city election in the decade. At noon 13 per cent of the city's registered voters had cast their ballots. That's two per cent higher than the up-to-noon voting I two years ago and still higher than [the morning vote in 1945, 1943 or 11941. One precinct in the first ward, where campaigning in the mayor- alty campaign has been intense, re- ported that in the ordinarily dull opening hours 16 per cent of the precinct's registered voters had al- ready exercised their basic demo- cratic right. That was the third the West End Recreation center, Middle Precincts In the middle three pricincts of {that five-precinct only the largest ward by far in the city Returns on KWNO Election returns will be broad- cast over KWNO AM-FM begin- ning at p. m. today. but was heavy- For contests, this is an outstand- ing election. Excgpt for the third ward aldermanic post and the city treasurer's office, all of the 12 offices to be filled are contested. Among the five school board elec- tions, there are ordinarily several unopposed candidates, but today each of those posts is contested. In addition, voters are being asked IT they want parking meters. Above V. S. Average Two years ago, when 11 per cent of the registered voters had gone to the polls by noon, the precincts end- ed up with a total for the day of an even 70 per cent of thosej L ,1 Pjrbulf average in a presidential election, ing the Ohio state director of the vottr although By L. S. Chakales woulcj- post the retail price on Rhodes Trans-Jordan has shelf where the liquor is displayed signed an armistice_ with Israel, or offered for sale. In the case of a retailer who de- Former Representative Thomas R.iiey strikes. JAmHe, Madison. I New York brewery worker strik-! Progressive party. Those arrested Circuit Judge Edward J. Gehl, ers sought to dry up the accused of violating a court virtually ending the Palestine war. The agreement valid for one to close out his business or year and the third damaged stock, a written ap-! concluded by Israel with an Arab plication would have to be made to state. Egypt 'signed an armistice By The Associated Press Minnesota counted eight persons] dead today in one of its most tra-i Sic weekends since the first of thej year. Four of the victims were chil- dren who drowned. One man lost his life in a fire. Another died in a fall from a railroad bridge. The others were traffic victims. The dead: James Bradley, ten, and his bro- Speaker John Hartle to their aeatn bm the-states the liquor commissioner for permis- to seU at less than the mini- Authors- of the bill are Represen- tatives Howard Rundquist, Dawson; Alfred Otto, St. Paul; A. I. Johnson, February 24, Lebanon on March 23. An Israeli foreign office spokes- man expressed hope in Tel Aviv last night that the armistice with Trans-Jordan marks the beginning West Bend. J. Henry Bennett, Viroqua. Municipal Judge Elmer D. Good-) land, Racine. William O. Hart, Baraboo. Peter F. Leuch, Cedarburg. Assistant Attorney General Mor- timer Levitan, Madison. Anthony E. Madler, Madison. Marshall Peterson, Monroe. Former Justice J. Ward Rector, Madison. Earl O'Brien, Milwaukee. taverns by Friday by picketing! ban against picketing at the Ameri- bridges and tunnels to keep beer j can Zinc Oxide Company plant. and Thomas F. O'Malley. ..of fruitful cooperation and peace- .TnVin T-Tflrt.lp nf i; between the two State Superintendent Seeking to replace John Callahan drawn wagon overturned in temperance and liquor control j The spokesmac indicated state" superintendent of Russell j.icommittee. .'concessions on both sides are- Representative Roy E. Dunn completion of the agreement ati stream. Their father, Bradley. 47. swam to safety. public Mark Devich. four, ward of Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Kaltenhauser of Fond du Lac, a Duluth suburb, drowned when he fell from a bridge leader to of of house bill before the end of an earlier date than WaS antioi' Quincy dean of Doudna, Stevens Point, administration, Central out. The company's labor dispute in- In Chicago, A. F. L. printers re-solves the C. I. 0. Mine, Mill and' jected a publishers' offer and thus Smelter workers. voted to continue their 16 months old strike against five major daily newspapers. In New York City, a mediator registered. That percentage, inci-ithan Vears the American dentally is far above the national government has joined m signing !such a many-sided alliance. The first occasion came in September 1947 at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, when the inter-American nations made a Western hemisphere pact. Neither that treaty, nor the Eur- opean alliance drawn along similar lines, would cause the United States "automatically" to go to war in unusual, is far below the morn- ing turnout in November's pres- idential balloting-, however. Twenty-right per cent of the voters had slipped behind the curtain here before noon the day Truman was re-elected. The sampling that revealed the Deputy sheriffs and policemen in1 More cabs rolled and violence de- Cleveland swung clubs in a fighticreased Monday. The United Mine with 300 marching strikers and sym-1 Workers district 50 seeks recogm- pathizers at the Fawick and pay increases. Company. Four pickets were arrest-1 A strike of 400 bus and trolley In the third precinct of the first ward (the West End recreation cen- of 803 had voted, or 16 per cent. In the third precinct of the second It WEIS tlie 1UU1 til ill LUC. VJ. f3 4- four months old strike by the C. I. (persons in Pennsylvania's cent. O. United Electical Workers, pro-lna valley. It began Sunday. A. F. In the second precmct of the thjd testing company withdrawal of un- L. workers seek pay boosts, ion recognition because union lead-; The striking O; Brewery to sign ward (St Martin s Lutheran school) -89 of 780 had voted, or 11per cent. In the first precinct of the fourth when the talks began more gtate Teachers college, a month It was disclosed after last night's The bonus bill is pending in. thejsignlng that Trans.Jordan was em. committee, of which superintendent of schools. powered on March 20 to negotiate! A. R. Schumann, principal into Mission creek. i Gaylord MeCullough. two and one- i appropriations half years old, who fell through rules committee, wlul'--iin behalf of Iraq and will take oakwood grade school in town thin ice on a creek near Brecken-' nas aereea hela armistice ta north-! Franklin (Milwaukee ridge, while chasing a rabbit. He back fmancing plan that calls for: ern Palestine. Sari M. Haney, Milwaukee, Wash- was the son of Mr. and Mrs. income tax credits irom; leaves only Syria as an ac- ington high school mathematics McCullough. combatant with whom the Jew-1 teacher. Union in New York, seek- ing an weekly pay boost andiward (East End fire of i Four pickets were arrested benefits, said the city's had voted, or ten per cent, i several others were injured slight-lerns are feeling the pinch of union j !jy. i pickets. Friday is set as "D (for! In the fourth scuffle in the month-dry) day" ia New York saloons.I fnitr Saved About are on strike. j1 WMI From Drowning Near Eau Claire Villia-n Pincoinbe about 60, to for unmarried persons; Hh state nas yet to fell to his death from a increase in the income tax rate on; fc Dan53SCUS Lieutenant Colonel; trestle over the Red river at from six to seven perjpi Hel of the Grand Forks. !cmt and on banks from eight in projected nego-i Bruce Cavis. about 42, of Ner-jnlne Per cent. Itiations with Israel, said armistice strand, who perished in a fire thati tne talks with the Jewish state prob-j nsvmen so, iticnara St. Paul, for d0mestic dutj: and 4N who was killed when his car went a month for overseas service. TRANS-JORDAN out of control and crashed into an abutment of a railroad underpass. Four passengers in the car were'- injured. One of the injured was I hurled into the air and landed on the tracks. Walter L. Tubesingr, 60, St. Paul, who was killed when a car driven by Alvin Hofstedt, 35, a in St. Paul, -and a North Western Wait and See' China Aid Bill Enters House Railway passenger train collided at a grade crossing near Tubesing's home. Columbus. Paul L. Kaiser, Horicon. Edward D. Ludwig, Badger. Jay W. Packard, Portage. Howard J. Williams, Mukwonago. Amil W. Zellmer, Wisconsin Rap- ids. Also on the election ballot are three vacancies caused by resigna- tions of state senators. Successors will be elected for Representative Clement J. Zablocki in Milwaukee's third district, Anthony Gawronski in Milwaukee's seventh district and; Charles D. Madsen of Balsan in the 29th district (Polk, Dunn and Ban-on One other constitutional amend- ment is being submitted to voters the ballot. This approv- ULl C1JC wiiib- Washington A "wait and Chinese developments, it said m ed_would permit Wisconsin to tax _ .__ _ fVitt Kill "if ic ImnncciVilp _ j. ___ V.F.W. Anniversary Celebrations Begin Minneapolis Celebrations would restore it and continue it marking the 50th anniversary next February 15. The Senate see" Chinese aid bill comes up for'a report on the bill, it is owned Dy the federal gov- in the House todav inow to define a On51 eminent in the state, provided Con- passage m the House todaj. can be sure will be in focus withi approves a tax. The All it does Is say that President the facts a half year or year now provides that such Truman can let China have The committee said the President tex not De imposed. that was appropriated last should have broad discretion to de-j m year and never spent. 'cide how the in aid will! Authority to spend the granted. And it said it wants! ran out Saturday night. The bill to be "most explicit" that no money also is debating China aid in con- nection with the European recov- will go to any Chinese government dominated by communists. i "The Chinese republic is pretty Representative Vorys (R.- Over Nation were ery program. The foreign affairs Ohio) told a reporter. "This aid below normal but the wea- coznmittee; largely psychological anyway, andither was fair over virtually the en- the Veterans of Foreign Wars founding began today in Minnesota and will continue through Saturday. Governor Youngdahl has asked all Minnesotans to honor V.F.W. on its siuu UIUL wuiuu piuviuc ._._ golden jubilee. President Truman any additional steps Congress! that would suggest we are weaken-! The only rain areas were in east- will open the national observance! might consider necessary to help 'ing our support or that would push j ern Colorado, southern Texas and with a speech toni-ht over a na-1 China. ithem under, or insult the scattered points along the; At- tionwide radio network. j "in vjew Of the present fluidity of i government." llantic coast. Tne rainiail was 1 Eau CJaire, per- sons were saved yesterday when their motorboat overturned on ice- dotted Elk lake six miles west of here. Ernest Affett, 40, rowed to the overturned craft, hauled three of event of an attack on one of the other member nations. But the extent to which this na- tion would be "morally" commit- ted to fight in a European war, started by an attack on a member of the proposed new alliance, will provide one of the big issues in Senate debate on the North Atlan- tic treaty. The other major issue expected to come up in the Senate is whether the treaty would pledge the United States to help rearm Western Eur- ope. Some senators who have in- dicated they might vote for the treaty have declared against ad- ministration plans for a military assistance program, estimated to cost around the first year. President Truman is expected to send the treaty to the Senate with- in a few days. He will present it as an instrument to preserve peace and a defensive arrangement entirely in accord with the United Nations charter. Ratification Last Step Ratification is the last step need- ed to make the pact effective. It will come into force as soon as i it is ratified by Belgium, Canada, the clinging passengers aboard Luxembourg The Jfether- then dived into the water to rescue landSi ffie United Kingdom and four-year-old Terry Schumaker. The others Affett aided were his brother, Charles, 42; his nephew, Roger, 16, and Ronald Schumaker, 7. The four, taking their first spin of the season, were dumped into the water on a sharp turn as the boat tried to avoid hitting an ice Hoe. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS the United States. Those are the seven nations which negotiated the pact. The seven nations subsequently invited Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Portugal and Italy to join in sign- ing and they accepted. The seven said that would provide time forjwe ought not to make any change jtire_ nation today, any additional steps Deputy Sheriffs used their clubs today on a marching group of strikers at Fawick Airflex Company in Cleveland, Ohio. Here three, of them and a policeman grab Morris Stamm of the CJ.O. United Electrical Workers. He was arrested. Note the club mark on Stamm's Wireplioto to The original negotiating nations and the five invited participants thus make up the 12 sharing in today's cer- emony. Only three-nations holding stra- tegic positions in the North Atlan- tic area are out of the picture. For Winona and vicinity: Gener- They are the Republic of ally fair tonight and Tuesday. No: which declined to have any part in important temperature change. alliance with Britain; tonight 35; high Tuesday 58. j with which the other Western states' LOCAL WEATHER are not on good terms, and Swed- Official observations for the which chose to remain "neu- hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: jtral." Maximum, 58; minimum, 28; Article ten provides that other 58; precipitation, none. nations may be invited to become Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 61; minimum, 30; noon, !56; precipitation, none; sun sets to- 1 night at sun rises tomorrow I at Additional weather on. Page 13. a party to the pact if the nations already members unanimously agree. The conditions are that na- tions invited must be "in a position to further the principles of this treaty and to contribute to the se- curity the North Atlantic area. -V ;