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View Sample Pages : Winona Republican Herald, April 03, 1952

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 3, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight And Friday, Continued Cold VOLUME 52, NO. 40 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 3, 1952 River Stage 24-Hour Today 9.51 Year Ago 5.18 .38 TWENTY-TWO PACES Fi ires orris Maj. Alton Shipstead Texas City Conquered, Winona Soldier Leader By WILBUR MARTIN LAMPASAS, Tex. make- believe war came vividly alive here today shortly after dawn. With fixed bayonets, big, green- clad aggressor troops secured this little central Texas ranching town of persons and a military government took it over. To test military government as a part of a military, maneuver and to find just what it means to lose your everyday liberties is the reason today at a U. S. city in the hands of a totalitarian enemy. With a hearty okeh from city officials, civic leaders and the plain residents, Major Alton Ship- stead of Winona, Minn., set a cold- ly realistic problem. Shipstead, military government officer for the 82nd Airborne Di- vision the aggressors will be solely responsible for actions here today. He and Lt. Col. Robert H, Slover, military government director for Exercise Long Horn being staged over square miles of central Texas, said the necessary pursuits of the city would not be interfered with in any way. Concentration camps, property confiscation, quick, one-sided trials are part of the "lost day of demo- cracy" here, 'Thought Control' "Thought control" for the closed churches, propa- ganda broadcasts are all a part. H. C. Ballew, superintendent Of the schools, said fcis pupils were enthusiastic about the part they play. Slover said the same spirit has been shown by all the people. Huge printed proclamations an Bouncing the "liberation" of Lam pasas were plastered over the town. So were "laws" to govern the citizens and the announcemenl that all political parties were abol- ished; that the "Centralist" Party was sow the only one. The lost day of democracy 'here has stolen the spotlight from the main part of the maneuver, the attack by the 82nd against the 47th and 31st Infantry Divisions spread along Cowhouse Creek. Wednesday the aggressors ram- jned across the creek and made sharp penetrations into U. S. ter- ritory. Maj. Alton Shipstead Two Dead in B-29 Crash VERMILLION, Kan. Two Air Force men were killed early today when a B-29 crashed on a farm near this northeast Kansas town. Other crewmen parachuted to safety. First reports said there were 12 survivors, but Sheriff Oliver Jones of Nemaha County said he was ;old ten men had bailed out of the jig plane. Elector Loyalty Pledge Upheld WASHINGTON The Su- preme Court today ruled that pres- idential elector candidates can be required to pledge loyalty to their national party. The vote was 5 to 2. Nation-Wide Strike Hits Western Union WASHINGTON nation-wide strike hit Western Union's vast telegraph system today but federal mediators managed to stall tele- phone strikes in three states. There was no connection between the two involving wages. Only Western Union's New York city and San Antonio, Tex., opera- tions were not immediately affected by the walkout called by Adolph Brungs, president of the AFL Com- mercial Telegraphers Union. New York city employes belong to another union. In San Antonio, strike action was postponed for 24 hours. Observers felt the delay might be linked to the fact the San Antonio area has heavy Army and Air Force installations. Of the company's employes in some offices, about are directly involved in the job walkout. Supervisory workers were still on the job. Service Cut Brungs said telegram service was "cut to a dribble" by the strike. In some cities, supervisors attempted to keep offices open and telegrams moving. The telephone situation Local Situation Winona'i Western Union office it 174 Center St. was locked today, Maniger L. T. Fischer reported. AM six employes, in- cluding the manager, messen- ger, teleprinter opentors and cashiers, are members of the AFL Commercial Telegraphers Union (CTU) and are on strike. Maj. Alton Shipstead, who is mil- itary government officer of the 82nd Airborne Division with Exer- cise Long Horn maneuvers at Lam- pasas, Tex., is a former Winona area resident. He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Martin Shipstead, who live at government dam 5-A near Winona. The 32-year-old major hasn't been here in about two years, how- ever. Previous to joining Operation Long Horn in Texas, the major was at Ft. Bragg, N. C. A grad- uate of Winona Senior High School in 1939 and West Point in 1943, he served in Burma and China in World War II. He led the 475th Infantry Regimental Intelligence and Reconnaissance Platoon in the American operations on the Burma Road and later was named head- quarters commandant of services of supply, China Theater. After the war he served in Tur- key, Romania, Bulgaria and Ger- many, He returned to the States two years ago to train for .the air- borne at Ft. Benning. Ga. The Army has appointed him to study foreign relations for 18 months at Tulane University, New Orleans, Ln., he completes his du- ties with the Texas maneuver. Gov. Anderson Pledges Support To Eisenhower ST. PAUL C. Elmer Anderson today came out flatly in support of Gen. Dwight D. Eis- enhower as the candidate for the Republican presidential nomina- the "cib" Communications" Workers eased early this morning with a post- ponement until Monday of walk- outs by CIO communications workers in Michigan, Ohio and Northern California. Union officials said they post- poned the strike to give federal Editors See Taft Victory In Illinois Big Write-In Vote Predicted For Eisenhower (Editor's note: Illinois takes the political spotlight next week with a primary election April 8. To see how sentiment is running, The Associated Press called on correspondents throughout the state for esti- mates reported in the survey below.) By WILLIAM J. CONWAY CHICAGO (.IV-Sen. Taft Will win the Illinois Republican Presidential preference primary in the collec- tive opinion of Illinois newspapers and correspondents surveyed by The Associated Press. Gen. Eisenhower, in their com- posite opinion, will draw a sizable write-in vote. His name is not on the ballot. The downstate correspondents and political writers on Chicago newspapers submitted estimates on the vote each believed will be cast for the candidates in his district next Tuesday. Into All Sections The survey reached into all sec- tions of Illinois. Opinions expressed in figures were received for 58 of the 101 downstate counties for Taft, Harold E. Stassen and Riley A. Bender; and for 55 counties for Eisenhower and Gen. MacArthur. These down- state figures today added up to Taft, 64.7 per cent; Eisenhower, L8.6 per cent; Stassen 11.8per cent; UaeArthur 3.2 per cent; Bender, 1.7 per cent. Political writers on the four argest Chicago newspapers were asked to offer their calculations on Cook County Writers for three of them responded. The av- erage of their Cook County figures or each candidate was: Taft, 70.3 per cent; Eisenhower 12.3 per cent; Stassen, 9.6 pe cent; Bender, 5 per cent; Mac Arthur, 2.6 per cent. Only Taft, Stassen and Bender Queen Juliana and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands visit Mount Vernon, Va., today, the home of George Washington. Rep. Frances P. Bolton Republican Congresswoman from Ohio, shows them the sights. Rep. Bolton is vice regent for Ohio of the Mount Vernon Ladies As- sociation which maintains the-historic Washington shrine. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) a Chicago hotel man, are on th ballot. Votes for Eisenhower, Mac Arthur or any others will have t be write-ins. Write-In! Permitted Write-ins are permitted in Illi nois. Voters raise a slot and writ in a name on a voting machin mediators more time to work oat Cook County Rock Islanc settlement terms between the un- on and three Bell Telephone com- panies. Joseph A. Beirne, president of tion. "It is my personal belief that Gen. Eisenhower is not only a good Republican but has tremen- dous appeal to the independent vot- Gov. Anderson sbid. "Thus I believe he is the man who can be most easily and most surely elected to the presidency." I of America, flew to Detroit early today to take charge of the nego- tiations. Michigan is considered the pattern-setter in the dispute. Monday Walkout Another telephone workers and sales department employes of Western Electric, part the Bell also Gov. Anderson admitted he is scheduled a Monday walkout which temporarily bound" by the action flave nation-wide repercus- taken at the Republican party state convention in the interest of har- sions. Dr. Graham Marks 96th Birthday mony to support the favorite son tv. candidacy of Harold E. Stassen, "'f former Minnesota governor. Icontract talks' CwtrMto "I believe this is one of the most critical presidential elections this nation has ever Gov. Anderson said. "The Repub- lican party has the greatest op- portunity it has ever had of mak- ing a mighty contribution to good and honest government and the preservation of democratic princi- ples. "Under these circumstances it n Ihas an obligation to offer a can- ROCHESTER, Minn, Dr. didatc for presidency who will An estimated CWA phone the middle of new are expir- jing for all these workers between 'now and August. The Western Union workers are demanding benefits which would cost an estimated 50 cents an hour for each worker. The company has made no offer. County. They can write in a nam on a paper ballot in the othe counties. But they have to draw square to the left and put a cros: in the square. This takes time and and adds to the difficulty of making forecasts of results. The preference primary is a pop ularity contest. The 50 convention delegates who will be elected an not compelled to abide by the results. Taft has the support of the nil nois Republican organization. Thir ty Taft delegates will be elected automatically. They have no oppo- sition in their districts. There are 90 Republican delegate candidates. Taft managers claim 67, and Eisenhower supporters 10. Two are for Sen. Dirksen HI, and one is for MacArthur. The other 1C are undecided or unannounced. Sen. Kefauver is alone on the Democratic presidential preference ballot and no survey of Democratic prospects was made. Christopher Graham, only living member of the original Mayo Clinic staff, observed his 96th birth- day anniversary today by reading greetings from all over the world. Head of the Clinic's division of medicine when he retired in 1919, as qualifications are con- Dr. Graham was the first interne GOV. Anderson said {ew HI St M C MOCTMf n I Mrv m nif I. have Gen. Eisenhowers rare be acceptable, not only to the full- fledged members of the Republi- can party but to the great mass of independent voters who are the big- gest factor in most elections these days." at St. Mary's Hospital. He tains an active interest in flower gardening, his hobby for many years, and in Holstein cattle breed- ing. He still owns a purebred herd in Olmsted County and Saturday will receive special recognition at the county's annual Black and White Show. Dr. Graham and his wife, who will be 90 next fall, have been married 53 years. They have a son, Malcolm, who lives with them, a daughter, Mrs. George M. Lowry. two grandchildren and three grea't- of experience and un- derstanding of domestic and world affairs in the period of crisis in which we are and will be living for some years to come." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy tonight and Friday; con- tinued rather cold. Low tonight 30 in the city. 26 in the country. High grandchildren. Dr. Graham attended the Uni- j Friday afternoon 38. versity of Minnesota and played on! LOCAL WEATHER the school's first football team. He taught school and then entered the University of Pennsylvania where he received a medical degree in 1S94. He came to Rochester" for his Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum. 41; minimum, 32; noon. 36: precipitation, trace of internship, and was attending sun sets tonight at 6.-3S; sun sician at Su Mary's for many tomorrow at years. I Additional weather on Past IS. Juliana Warns Against Overemphasizing Defense By RUTH COWAN WASHINGTON Juliana of the Netherlands today urged Congress not to imitate Iron Cur- tain countries which place so much emphasis on defense that econ- omic, social and cultural well-being suffer. She also said in a speech pre- pared for delivery before a joint session of Congress less than 24 hours after her arrival yesterday: 7. The United States can count upon Netherlands support in the present divided world. 2. Her country, with the help of America, is able to "stand once more on our own feet" economically. She expressed thanks for the aid given. 3. She said European unity is growing and that "political may come "per- heps eventually." 4. The world is split into two parts, the positive (democracy) and negative and the negative pole will "have to yield" in time, Major emphasis of the Queen's address, which she delivered in English, was on technical assist- ance. She said her country was helping to the best of its ability 4 Die in Chicago Apartment Fire CHICAGO persons, including a baby-sitting grandmother and her grandson, perished in a fast-spreading fire which destroyed a 12-flat, four story apartment building last night. Eight other persons, including six firemen, were injured. About 30 persons fled or were carried by firemen from the structure. The )uilding is at the busy intersection if Milwaukee and North avenues at 1547-49 Milwaukee Ave. Fire officials said the blaze, of undetermined origin, apparently tarted in the basement It spread j jpward and to the rear porches n which were oil storage tanks. The intense heat exploded the anks, which contained fuel for oil! 'urners used to heat the 12 flats. Fire officials estimated damage t All of the victims were trapped y the flames which engulfed the ear apartments of the building, ney included Mrs. Mary Loucks, 4, her grandson, Kevin Kelly iichols, 9 months; Miss Bonnie aiske, 35, and Leonard Presley, 0. Kevin's brother, Casey, 3, was ospitalized. 36 Austin Students Going to Washington AUSTIN, Minn, wi Thirty-six Austin high school and junior Steel Industry Seizure Feared WASHINGTON Truman administration held over the steel industry today a threat of govern- ment seizure unless a strike due next Tuesday is averted. The effect of the seizure threat- whether or not it is carried out to increase pressure on the industry to grant government- suggested wage boosts to Philip Murray's CIO steelworkers. About of the union's one million members are ready for a walkout in the basic steel indus- try at midnight April 8. The other workers, mainly in steel fabrica- ting plants, are ineligible to strike by exporting skills and experts to less developed countries. "The circle of countries around the North Atlantic Ocean should avoid imitating the example set by the countries behind the Iron (Queen Juliana's address to Congress will be broadcast at p. m. today by KWNO.) Curtain, which have focused their minds so much on their defense, that they forget to focus as much attention on their economic, social and cultural well-being. "If they do neglect these aspects, some day they might find them- selves isolated around their ocean Before, for instance, technical as- sistance could get under way prop- erly, and link them with the world at large." Heavy Schedule She ended by saying: "Mankind in its distress has to ;rust largely to your good judg- ment for its deliverance." The speech was part of a fast- laced program that includes shak- ng thousands of hands at three Washington and at the moment. Steelmakers York where said they United Nations. The "Know Your Government Seminar" is sponsored by the Aus- jtin tU-V and the junior college and Dakota supporters of Gen. Eisenhower for President opened their Sioux Falls headquarters over a war surplus store. The resulting combination of picture and sign has stood in down- town Sioux Falls, S. D., for several days. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) public s-orld affairs committees. i The students, accompanied by i nine adults, will travel by bus and j auto on the 12-djiy study tour. In W ashiogtoi, the group plans a Minnesota con- i shop and other benefits, without getting government permission to raise prices. The government ap- parently was standing firm against increase in prices, contending it would cause more inflation. Long delayed company union negotiations again were sched- uled to start in New York today but there was no indication of a breat from either side. Murray, in New York for the negotiations, de- i ciiDMt comment at the tenure talk. receptions a formal dinner party tonight. The Queen and her husband, Prince Bernhard, are the first guests in the newly rebuilt White House. The President and Mrs. Truman moved back in only last Thursday after having lived across Pennsylvania Avenue at Blair House for three years. Forme! Rigors There was a last-minute rush to get the place ready for the royal visitors. A small but formal lunch- eon was to be given in the redecor-1 ated state dining room, but the White House staff, which includes many newcomers, was not consid- ered ready to tackle the rigors of a formal state dinner last night, so it was held at the Carlton HoteL About 50 guests were invited to the dinner, given by the President and Mrs. Truman. The Queen and her party arriv- ed late yesterday afternoon. It was raining lightly when she stepped frora the plane. Within an hour after her arrival SILENT ON REACTION OF TRUMAN Pair Clashed Over Filling Out Of Questionnaire WASHINGTON Atty. Gen. J. Howard McGrath today fired Newbold Morris as the adminis- tration's corruption sleuth. The Attorney General made pub- lic a curt letter to the New York Republican noti- fying him of ties immediate t e r- ;xj mination of his t services. McGrath per-1 sonally hand- ed copies of the letter to report- ers at the Justice' I Department, but I to an-j swer any ques-1 tions as to wheth- f er President Tru-' man had formal- McGreth :y approved the action. The firing followed a series of McGrath-Truman talks yesi Jajr an apparently heated argument at National Airport here while the two were waiting to greet Queen Juliana of the Netherlands. There had been some specula- tion that McGrath himself might let out in the row over a fi- nancial questionnaire Morris pos- ed for government officials. McGrath himself on Feb. 1 ap- pointed the 50-year-old Morris, for- ner president of the New York Cityi Council, to ferret out corrup- ion'in the government. Last Monday, however, McGrath old a House investigating com- mittee he did not know whether hd would fill out his own question- naire, and had not ordered any one else in his department to do so. He also taid that if he had the appointment to make again would not pick Morris. Morris' office said he received lie news from his secretary, who lad learned .of it from a newi icker. In protocol-conscious .Wash- ington, it is considered the epitome of brusqueness to release such letter before the addressee gets it, Morris bad no immediate com- ment but sent out word he would see reporters and photographeri shortly. McGrath's letter started off with no salutation except the word "sir." Morris's name was at the end. The text: be Informed thaf your appointment special assistant to the attorney gen- eral it hereby terminated end your services at of the Department of Justice shell cekse at the close of business today. "You are hereby requested to deliver files, records and documents In your office! to the Federal Bureau of In- vestigation." The order that Morris deliver is records to the FBI led to im- mediate speculation that FBI Di- rector J. Edgar Hoover may be ;iven the clean-up job. However, McGrath sternly refus- ed to add anything to the content. "Not a a thing." he said repeatedly, "I have nothing to add to the letter." He shook his head in negation when reporters urged him to out- line "where do we go from here." Morrii Silent Morris, who asked McGrath and nearly 600 other top Justice De- partment officials to fill out de- tailed questionnaires about their personal finances, has been stand- ing by saying nothing. McGrath was flushed and looked indignant during yesterday's ex- change at the airport, and the' President was unsmiling. They stood some distance away from other waiting dignitaries and newsmen and their words could not be overheard. Truman's press secretary Joseph Short, joined in the discussion, punctuating his words by slamming his fist against his palm. After about five minutes the President, his lips forming a tbin, severe line, turned on his heel and joined an- other group. McGrath and Short continued talking. By the time Queen Juli- ana's plane arrived things had copied off and McGrath wts the third dignitary presented to the Queen by the President. the American way of receiving high guests. Prince Bernbard, who was in the cabin when the Soya! Dutch Airlines plane landed, was at her side and assisted her in going through the formalities at the air- port. Tens of thousands lined the par- ade mite, a good number of them rade downtown, however. returned immediately to his office.1 He said later be bad no comment. Last night McGrath and his wife were among the guests at the President's state dinner in honor of the visiting Queen. McGrath had spent 15 minutes with the President at the House earlier in the day and when he left he told reporters: "Any- -ri vfvi o. with small Dutch flags in their thing that is to be said about our hands, which they waved at the discuMion will be said by the Preii- bf. fent er Ui ;