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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 2, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Friday, Cooler Friday River Stage 14-Hour (Flood 13) Today .10 Year Ago 8.41 .81 VOLUME 53, NO. 38 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 2, T953 TWENTY PAGES Wanted 'Clean Getaway At Cafe, McManus Says Fred E. McManus, 18, accused of slaying five persons, is pic- tured with Chief Deputy Ray O'Laughlin of Rochester, N. Y., left, who questioned him in Dubuque, la., Wednesday night concern- ing the shooting of a New York State college student. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) 'Economy Bloc7 Has Control in Legislature By JACK MACKAY ST. PAUL "economy bloc" in the Minnesota Legislature it holding the upper hand it appeared today as the solons studied two huge money bills reported out Wednesday. The welfare bill, carrying allowances totaling and the lemi-state activities bill of slashes in excess three million dollars as compared two years pre- sented in the House by Rep. Claude the Appropriations Committee. The semi-state measure includes grants for institutions supported in part by state funds, such as the Minnesota Historical Society, State Soldiers Home, County and District Fairs, and various stock breeders, dairymen's, horticultural and poul- Willingly Tells Sheriff Cook of Shooting Women la. The youthful killer of two Spring Valley, Minn., waitresses told Fillmore County Sheriff Donald L. Cook Wednesday afternoon that he w'as surprised by his first victim in the Spring Val- ley holdup and threatened by the second. He shot them both to make "a clean getaway." Fred E. McManus, 18-year-old slayer, an AWOL Marine, also told Cook he "cased" the Four Winds Cafe one mile west of Spring Val- ley on Highway 16 Sunday night and slept with his "wife" in their stolen maroon and black convert- ible parked beside the 24-hour res- taurant. He said he walked back into the restaurant at a. m. Monday to rob the till of money to support himself and his 16-ysar- old love-struck companion in their 1 plans for marriage. Then for he killed two defenseless women. 1 The sheriff said details of the double murder at Spring Valley were related to him by McManus "completely and willingly" Wed- nesday afternoon. Cook said for- i mal statements describing the youth's Spring Valley killings will be drawn and signed by the j slender, six-foot one-inch youth whom Cook describes as "a really, j nice-looking kid who seems to be j four or five years older than he actually is." Father Shunned In the meantime, McManus' fa- ther, still unwilling to accept the fact that his son has confessed the calculated murder of five persons, arrived at Dubuque by air from j New York and had a brief inter-' view with his son. The -father, Mose McManus, Gun Used in Slayings II kl ijk UN Til Willi IV Peace Feelers By OSGOOD CARUTHERS UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. Rapid-fire moves in the new So- viet peace offensive gave United Nations delegates much to study over today and little hope for rest I age tax bill' including a 3 per try associations. Sliced from this bill was Reduced Grants Some leading legislators inter- preted the reduced grants as more than "just a cut." To them, it meant that it may not be necessary to consider passage of the "pack- they started a five-day Easter succession of dramatic Red ac- tions of the past few days. One observer said it looked like a "surprise-a-day campaign." The latest surprise here came yesterday when Russia's Andrei Y. Vish'insky, recently returned from Moscow talks with the new regime of Prime Minister Georgi M. Malenkov, scrapped for the first time in seven years his ef- forts to introduce harsh words against the West into the formal record on disarmament. Prisoner Proposal Still topmost in the minds of all diplomats were the fresh proposals by Red China for a solution of the deadlocked Korean prisoner of cent sales tax, which was intro- duced last Saturday. TT t i Three big money ed- The U. S. and her Western allies ucationi institutions and state de- joined all other nations outside the j not come out of Soviet bloc in probing warily the the Appropriations Committee test of the amount of new revenue needed to finance the state budget. But one thing is certain: Leader- ship in the House Senate is determined to hold spending down as much as possible. This is going to be necessary, no matter how hard budgetary requests are trimmed, to get at least 10 million dollars hi new funds. Supporters of a sales tax are reportedly cooling off in the light of heavy opposition. Several legislators still are plan- ning on urging diversion of some money from the 56 million dollar surplus to the dedicated income tax school fund. If enough to meet the deficit cannot be taken.conven- iently there is expectation of a rec- ommendation for an extra tax of a mill or two on real estate. A bill permitting public access to names of old age assistance recipients was whipped Wednesday after it had received preliminary approval in the House Tuesday. war issue. This action got new boost yes- terday when Soviet Foreign Min- ister V. M. Molotov announced the Kremlin's full support of the offer, indicating to the world that it was a serious move to end the war in Korea. Efforts by India's V. K. Krishna Menon to get the U. N. Assembly j The bill was defeated 75-50. Rep. to seize immediately the new Red I Howard Ottinger, Cliaska, chair- overtures as the basis for reopen- man of the Welfare Committee ing Korean talks here were side- i contended that "the taxpayers stepped yesterday by the Assem- bly's recess for Easter. Vishinsky's version cf the "soft have a right to know where their money is going." Rep. Popovich, St. Paul, countered: was an amendment he "I think it's too much that our submitted yesterday to the West-1 old people should have to go ern-backed resolution on disarma-! through the torture of having their ment scheduled for consideration when the Assembly reconvenes Tuesday. The Western plan, which lays down a suggested disarmament program for the U. N. Disarma- ment Commission to consider in its year-round negotiations, was ap- proved last month by the Assem- bly's Political Committee. The same program was approved in 1952 by the Assembly but was stymied in the commission by Rus- sian opposition. The Political Committee last month rejected, as it has before, an alternate Soviet program. The usual Soviet tactic, after defeat in the committee, is to roll out its defeated resolution and de- mand that the full Assembly re- verse the against it. committee decision names known to any .persons." The Legislature planned to re- cess at the end of today's business until Monday due to the Easter weekend, Shoplifting Sentence For 2 Women Delayed CARLTON, Minn. (-Pi Sentenc- ing of two women who have ad- mitted participation in shoplifting activities has been "deferred until April 15. They were to have ap- peared in court Wednesday. Mrs. Ella Indehar has pleaded guilty to second degree larceny and Mrs. Ruth Omdahl to receiv- ing stolen property. Both are residents of the Brainerd area. They are held in jail here in lieu of bonds. brewery executive who maintains a fashionable home at Valley Stream, N. talked with his son Wednesday night. The youth, who shrugged off the five slayings as "too flatly told his father he did not. want the help of a law- yer the elder McManus had re- tained to defend him. Herbert -J. Hoffman, the Du- buque attorney hired by the father, conceded the killer had told him he wanted no legal representative and therefore his hands were tied. The elder said (Continued on Page 3, Column 2) HE WANTED A CLEAN GETAWAY Ike Proposes Central Defense Mobilization Office WASHINGTON President Eisenhower today sent Congress a plan to reorganize the Office of De- fense Mobilization. He said it is .intended "to achieve the maxi- !mum degree of mobilization readi- I ness at the least possible cost." I The plan would merge the f u n c t i onj of the mobilization agency (ODM) and those of the National Security Resources Board It also would give per- manent status to the ODM, which has been operating as a tempo- rary emergency agency. The plan to create a single, central defense mobilization office will go into effect automatically in 60 days unless either the Senate or the House vetoes the plan in the meantime, or unless both branches vote to put it into effect earlier. In a special message to Con- gress, Eisenhower said the plan "will permit better organization and management of the federal programs relating to materials and requirements and will thus help to achieve the maximum degree of mobilization readiness at the least possible cost." He said it is not practicable at this time to try to itemize savings which he expects to result. Red Guards Abandon Berlin Road Controls BERLIN zone bord- er guards virtually abandoned controls on the East-West Express Highway to Berlin today and inter- zonal traffic sped at an unprece- dented rate. The Soviets obviously had in- structed the guards to deal only perfunctorily with cargoes and credentials. Trucks, hauling goods to West Berlin, were not even sub- jected to inspections at the border. Such speed and courtesy had not been seen here before. World Facing Great Hardship, Gruenther Says Testimony Prompts Caution Against Foreign Aid .Cuts By ERNEST B. VACCARO WASHINGTON Alfred M. Gruenther's predictions of greater hardships ahead for the free world prompted new words of caution on Capitol Hill today against any meat axe swings at European military and economic aid. Gruenther testified at a closed session of the Senate Foreign Re- lations Committee yesterday. Af- terward Chairman Wiley (R-Wis) quoted him as saying: "We may be facing a period now that will make the hardships and sacrifices of the last two years look easy." Sen. Sparkman (D-Ala) said the committee decided to make Gru- enther's testimony public after the general has edited out any secur- ity secrets. This editing will be done, Sparkman said, before Gru- enther leaves Friday for Paris, where he is chief of staff to Gen. Matthew Ridgway, commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organ- ization forces. Same Capacity President Eisenhower, whom Gruenther served in the same ca- pacity before last year's presiden- tial ckmpaigning, took up the oth- er side of the security tional defense. In a letter to Chairman Salton- stall (R-Mass) of the Senate Armed Services Committee, Eisenhower said he and the National Security Council are carefully studying the nation's defense program. Eisenhower said the conclusions reached by this study will be pre- sented as soon as possible to the committee, although he could not predict a date now.- In the mean- time, Eisenhower expressed hope the committee will not "move uni- laterally into this delicate field at this time, while this process of re-examination and re-analysis is still in progress." Gruenther, as quoted by Wiley, said Russian peace talk needs care- ful evaluation. The Soviets, he said, apparently are trying to play up the economic strain of supporting a Western defense force. He said their was to drive a wedge between the U. S. and its Western allies. Wiley quoted Gruenther as say- ing: Basic Fear "The basic fear of many Euro- peans is still to what extent the United States is going to stay with the NATO rearmament project." Gruenther pleaded for an under- standing of the difficulties faced by European partners. The Allied forces, he said, are not strong enough at this time to meet a determined all-out attack by the Russians. But, he said, "they are no longer a pushover." If economic and other sacrifices can be continued, however, and the forces continue to grow, he said, it will be only a matter of a few years "when we will be strong enough." For Korean Peace Russ Move Feared Plan To Stall West's Buildup By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON Itf) Russia's snowballing peace offensive piled up evidence today that the Krem- lin has reversed its cold war tac- tics in a bold plan to stall the West's defense buildup and crum- ble the anti-Soviet world's unity. Responsible officials and West- ern diplomats here increasingly voice the belief that this is a ma- jor Soviet aim. They see the situation creating a critical problem of leadership for the Eisenhower administration, which must be ready to join in negotiating settlements with Mos- cow while maintaining the mili- tary power that enables it to nego- tiate from strength. At the same time, some author- ities suggest the situation is an opportunity for the American and Allied governments to create a stability which the Soviets may not hereafter be able to upset. This view is based on the theory that if the Kremlin loses its postwar momentum of aggressive expan- Apartment Fire Kills 5 Persons In Kansas City KANSAS CITY W) A fast- spreading fire swept through a 48- family apartment building near downtown Kansas City yesterday, killing five persons, three of them firemen. Fifteen persons were injured. The firemen were crushed to death when two porches and part of a wall collapsed on then. They were Don A. N'astasio, 32; Joseph P. Cooney, 59; and Melvin Kurtz, 30. o The bodies of the two other vic- Willard Coon, 22, and her 2-year-old daughter Mary were found in their third-floor apartment. Some residents trapped in their rooms espaped the flames fay de- scending ladders. At least three were forced to leap into firemen's nets. Nastasio was an off-duty fireman who left home to buy Easter cloth, ing for his wife and four sons. He stepped at a fire station to visit friends and voluntarily went to the fire when the alarm sounded. It took four hours for 24 fire companies to douse the flames. sion for a substantial time, it may not be able to get moving again. High-Speed In the face of the high-speed Soviet maneuvers of the past weeks, the administration is con- fronted with the need constantly to sound out and reassess the im- mediate purpose of specific pro- posals as well as over-all inten- tions. Assisting in this task evidently will be the primary test of Ambas- sador Charles E. Bohlen, President Eisenhower's new envoy to Mos- cow. Eisenhower scheduled a farewell conference with Bohlen today, pre- sumably to give him final instruc- tions. Bohlen is due to leave New York Friday and, with stops in Western Europe, to arrive at his post by April 10. It is expected that short- ly thereafter he will call on For- eign Minister Molotov and confer with Malenkov. Russia's latest maneuver was to submit to the United Nations yes- terday new disarmament proposals which appeared somewhat similar to Western proposals denounced by the Soviets previously. Among oth- er things, they indicated willing- ness to engage in a balanced re- duction of armed forces instead of. demanding a percentage cut which would leave Russia with an overbalance of forces as compared with the West. This move, coming on top pro- posals toward ending the Korean War and other cold war issues, afforded one more piece of evi- dence that the Kremlin is acting according to a careful master plan with several possible objectives. Await Positive Proof U. S. officials are still awaiting proof in positive action that So- viet leaders are willing to make good on their words. Ending the Korean War on terras acceptable to the U.N. may be the acid ic-st. Meanwhile, officials concerned with possible Soviet motives say two evident purposes stand out: 1. The Malenkov government can see that Communist use or threats The Illinois Athletic Commission Wednesday found Heavyweight Champion Rocky Marciano in excellent condition for his title defense against "Jersey Joe" Walcott in Chicago April 10. How- ever, today Marciano's manager Al Weil! gained postponement of the fight to May 15 when it was discovered that the champion was suffering from an injury to his nose. Left to right are pic- tured Commissioner John Behr, Rocky and Dr. Irving Slott. Dr. Slott examined Marciano at Rocky's Holland, Mich., training camp for the Illinois Athletic Commission. (AP1 Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) 'Mother Lee' Nursed Marines Through Hell By FORREST EDWARDS WESTERN FRONT, Korea (De- layed by censor) WV-They called him Mother Lee. He earned that affectionate nick- name as a first sergeant and later as a field commissioned officer in the Pacific campaign of World War II. He died today living up to it- mothering his Marines through the bitter hell that was outpost Vegas. For hours he held together remnants of two Marine units that clung stubbornly to the north slope of Vegas under vicious Communist artillery and mortar fire. Red burp and light machine gun- ners poured slugs down on them from Vegas crest. Drive Chinese Off Only once did Maj. Benjamin G. Lee, 42, Ocean- side, his men during the night. That was when he crawled with- in yards of the Chinese on the crest, seeking oat their strong and weak points as he planned the assault that eventually was to drive file Chinese off the hill. His runner, Pfc. Hershal Jewell, Poplar Bluff, Mo., blinkad tears back as he said later at a forward aid station, "I don't think there ever was an officer kinder or braver to. take care of his men. He was a wonderful guy and a lot more of us might be dead if it hadn't been for him." Foot by foot the Marines moved up the slope under intense mortar and artillery fire. Words At a. m., Lee radioed back his terse seven word message of victory: "We are on the objective. Are digging in." While his weary green-clad Ma- rines sought shelter on the pock- marked hill, Lee and Capt. Ralph L. Valz, Revillo, S. D., watched warily for any sign of a Com- munist counterattack that- would endanger their men. A'shell landed between them. Both, were killed. of force since World War II have built up enormous cpunterforce in the U. S. and Allied countries. To reverse this process, their new tactic is to .switch over to easing tensions. 2. The Maleakov government, be- ing new and having no substitute for the prestige and personality of the late Joseph Stalin, needs to consolidate its political position within the Soviet empire and hopes to advance this process by creating an atmosphere more peaceful than that which it inherited. There may be other motivations equally valid. Russian military leaders may consider that the Ko- rean War costs them more in mili- tary materiel than it is worth, for example. Or Communist China may be anxious to get that con- flict over with. Whatever the causes, U. S. of- ficials so far are convinced that while Moscow has changed its tac- tics it has not given up its cul- timate aim domination. of Communist world 'Fill rer Up Battle Cry in Gasoline War FARIBAULT, Minn. Ml "Fill 'er was the battle cry here again today as a gasoline price war continued. Motorists, not content with filling .their car tanks, were showing up at filling stations with barrels and cans for the cut price motor fuel. The hot competition started last Friday. Cut-rate dealers had been underselling the others by as much as five cents per gallon. So the others undercut the cut-raters. Major firms dropped the price of regular gas 7.5 cents per gallon and ethyl 8 cents. That brought most price levels to 21.9 for regu- lar and 22.4 for the premium grade. Two cut-raters meanwhile went down to. 19.9 cents for their regu- I lar brand. i One motorist filled up five 50- gallon steel barrels he hauled in on a trailer. And a farmer lugged away several milk cans of gas. Banners proclaiming the battle lined highways with the result many passing travelers were stop- ping to get in on the bonanza. Salaries of 12 Game Wardens Cut ST. PAUL IV, The sharp knife of the House Appropriations Com- mittee continued to lop employes from various state departments, it was, reported today. Salaries of 12 game wardens, three employes in the bureau of information, four in the division of waters, four in the parks divi- sion and three in the health de- partment were reported eliminated at the committee's Wednesday night meeting. The salary for the post held by E. R. Starkweather, deputy game and fish director, was eliminated. Game wardens would be reduced from 152 now on the state payroll to 140. The committee followed the re- commendation of Gov. Anderson on the livestock sanitary board's budget. The board's request was cut almost in half. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST i Winona and fair tonight and Friday. Cooler Friday. Low tonight 35, high Fri- day 48. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 51; minimum, 34; noon, 51; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No Ctntril Obctrvitieni) Max. Temp. 50 at a.m., min. 31 at a.m. Noon read- ings sky overcast at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind calm, ba- rometer 30.06 Steady, humidity 69 per cent. U.N. to Insist On Prisoner Exchange First Panmunjom Meet On Wounded POWs Set for Monday By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea Com- munists today handed the U. .N. Commaad their latest proposal for ending the Korean fighting and agreed to a meeting at Panmun- jom Monday to discuss plans for exchanging sick and wounded prisoners. The Reds said they were ready to set a date for resuming the long-deadlocked truce talks. Gen. Mark Clark, the U. N. commander, already has made it clear that Allied truce negotiators will return to Panmunjom only af- ter arrangements are completed for exchanging disabled prisoners. Delivery of the new proposals from Red China's Premier Chou En-lai and North Korea's Premier Kim II Sung fed mounting that the Communist world is seri- ous about peace. The latest development in a chaia reaction touched off by Red China less than a week ago came only a few hours after Soviet Rus- sia pledged its all-out support of China's Korea-.i truce plan. But many Western' still warned against overoptimism. Wait and see if the Communisti do more than talk about peace, was their advice. One Allied spokesman here, long in close contact with the protracted truce talks, said the businesslike tone of the Communist message delivered Thursday was "hearten- ing." "It's devoid of the usual propa- he said. He cautioned, however, against unbridled optim- ism and said the Communists would show whether they "really mean business if they settle the details of how we exchange the sick and wounded without a lot of haggling. The U. N. Command was ready for the meeting in Panmunjom, Monday. The Allied liaison group will be headed by Rear Adm. John C. Daniel, a member of the five-maa U. N. truce delegation. Daniel flew here from Japan Wednesday and immediately began staff confer- ences. The proposals handed over by the Communists at Panmunjom Thursday were in reply to a letter Clark wrote Tuesday suggesting a meeting to discuss plans for ex- changing disabled prisoners. The Red truce proposal was official version of the plan Pei- ping broadcast Monday and cabled to U. N. headquarters in New York the following day. It provides for the exchange of prisoners who want to return home immediately after a truce is signed. All others would be turned over to .an unnamed neutral na- tion pending a decision on their future. Prisoner repatriation was the only major unsettled issue when the truce talks were suspended last Oct. 8. McKay Studying Plan to Abolish Indian Offices WASHINGTON Secretary of the Interior McKay has under study a plan to abolish all area offices of the Indian Bureau if it is feasible, an aide said Wednes- day. Orme Lewis, assistant secretary who has jurisdiction over, the bureau, also told a reporter that some change will be made because it is felt that in some instances the work by the area offices has been unsatisfactory. The five area offices described as solely supervising the work of Indian agencies and the number of personnel employed at each as of last Dec. 31 include Billings, Mont., 126; Aberdeen, S. D., 136; and Minneapolis, 44. Blast, Fire Destroys Vacant Marshall Home MARSHALL, Minn, ex- plosion and fire destroyed a vacant quocset home in Marshall at 3 m. today. A leaky gas pipe was believed cause of the blast which knocked out windows within a 100 foot radius. No one was injured. The dwelling was one of 16 owned by Mel Abbot, Marshall. The build- was to have been movwL v ;