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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 2, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOTE IN CITY ELECTION MONDAY-POLLS OPEN AT 7 A. M. FAIR TONIGHT, MILD SUNDAY SUPPORT YOUR Y. M. C. A. 49, NO. 39 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, APRIL 2, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Western Leaders Huddle on Alliance By John M. Hightower Washington Foreign ministers of all 12 Atlantic pact powers were called into their first huddle today to start drawing up grand strategy machinery for the noncommunist western world. The officials were first expected to make a formal check of the treaty which was completed here early this month, then informally talk over the kind of agencies which will be needed to carry out the aims ----------_____--------_--------------of the alliance. Two strategy groups are specif- ied in the pact itself: A conSulta- tive council and a defense com- mittee. All 12 member nations pre- sumably will be represented on Mrs. Heart To Enter Sanitarium Senate Pushes For Approval Of EGA Grant Taft Proposal To Cut Outlay Rejected, 54-23 Oklahoma Wl Mrs. Heart headed for a sanitarium to get away from it all and nurse her peculiar life-and-deata problem in secrecy. She will try to digest the enor- each of these bodies. The council, according to the that to deal I with any emergency. It is the body would be summoned into hasty session, for example, if one of the members of the should be attacked. mous outpouring of advice that has British Foreign Minister Ernest flooded in on her from ceast-tc- coast after she made her appeal for help through the Daily Okla homan here. At a loss for the answer, the moderately wealthy 51-year-old woman posed her problem to the With heart trouble, and only a year to live, what should she do with the she has set aside to spend as she pleases? The newspaper verified her grim story, pledged itself to hold her real name in confidence, and Wed- nesday night asked its readers to come forward with ideas. The story was immediately relayed nationally by The Associated Press. The response was astonishing. The Oklahoman answered nearly telephone calls yesterday- many from far-distant states. Let- ters by the hundred and telegrams by the dozen poured in. The excitement was almost too much for Mrs. Heart. Worse, she feared some of her friends may have guessed her true identity. "She's going to think things over in the said Reporter Jtai Jackson of the Oklahoman. The Alsops What Comes After Death Of Stalin? By Joseph and Stewart Alsop By Jack Bell major victory under their belts, Senate leaders! 6 i pushed today toward final approval for the European re- covery program. While a pile of policy-changing amendments lay ahead, what was to the Marshall j Iplan was smashed last night. That! The defense committee the proposal of Senators Taft I ably will get_the task of drawing j (R.ohio) and Russell (D-Ga.) to cut the cash outlays for foreign aid! ten per cent. The Senate beat back the Taft- Russell amendment by a lopsided 54 to 23 vote. But because of the stack of amendments still awaiting action, there was a chance a final vote would be delayed until next week! up detailed plans for (A) Rearm- ing the Atlantic through a proposed American aid (B) Defending the Atlantic region in case of attack. Bevin declared yesterday that the treaty would mean a "pooling" of manpower, armaments, and today's unusual Saturday! resources among the member Contests for 10 City Offices Monday tions. It also may bring about even- tually a settlement of the problem In any case, Democratic Leader Lucas of Illinois said, all remain- ing amendments seemed sure to be of bases in such strategic islands as Greenland, Iceland and I Lucas said he was surprised at the margin by which the economy move lost out, and added: "The psychological effect throughout the world will be tre- mendous. The communists can't use the Azores. Diplomatic informants said no de- cisions could be reached on prob- lems of organization today, and probably none could be expected until after the treaty comes into force. That is at least several weeks -perhaps because the United States cannot ratify the pact until it is approved by two-thirds vote of the Senate, after commit- tee hearings. Today's meeting was to be held in the government's departmental auditorium on historic Constitution avenue, about three blocks from the White House. The pact will be signed in the same auditorium Mon- day afternoon. this for propaganda and they can't say we welshed on our promises to Europe." Senator Byrd (D-Va.) told a re- porter the vote probably seals off any efforts to cut the budget this year. He discounted the promise by Senator Vandenberg (R-Mich.) that StassenAsks U.S. to Aid South China MacArthur Plan Advocated by Former Minnesotan E. Stassen i said last night that this nation 'should move against communismj by "bolstering" southern China and j all of Asia with a billion-dollar-a- year "MacArthur plan." Such a move, patterned after the i Marshall plan, is needed, he said, spond to applause from a packed crowd just before Stassen began make up for "inaction or with- r ._______ nvQiirol nf airi" nutoc Harold E. Stassen, featured speaker at a session last night of the Mid-Century Convocation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technol- ogy in Boston, Mass., shakes hands with Winston Churchill as they je- spond to applause from a packed crowd just before his Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Rent Ceilings Lifted On Dwellings By Bill Koss Washington Rent ceilings were lifted today on dwelling have a free hand to cut actual cash outlays on the aid bill. drawal of aid" which "contributes to the communist domination of China." The 42-year-old University of Pennsylvania president shared plat- form honors with Winston Churchill at the Massachusetts Institute ofj Technology convocation of top scien-i tists and thinkers at Boston garden. "We should move and movej Stassen said, "to the southern half of China." j Stalin and the entire philosophy of communism were attacked by the speaker who said he saw little Assistant Chief of Police Neil McMahon of St. Paul said today that Eugene Juneski, 24, above, was seized last night shortly aft- er Grant Severson, 42, a tavern owner, had been shot and wounded seriously in a holdup. Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald.) states will be decontrolled within a week. difference between the "fuehrer! Tighe Woods said more than 80 other areas m 23 prmcipie of Hitler's system" and Fourteen Republicans and ninej. voted to cut the Woods accompanied the removal of restrictions with a sharp warn- that (Dinners win be slaDDed on again if "an unreasonable increase" that ceilings will be slapped on again serves as a ceilingjin rents results from the moves .over later appropriations Of Twenty areas in Alabama, Indi- There is much speculation New Jersey and Texas are- af- lowaJfected by the initial decontrols. The move resulted tbe headquarters of the alliance will be placed in bably in either London or Paris, The last of the 12 foreign minis- ters, Gustav Rasmussen of Den- mark, arrived last night. Denmark, Italy, Iceland and Por- tugal were represented in a treaty meeting for the first time today, having been invited to join up after the pact was fully drafted. Besides Rasmussen, the roster of diplomats includes: Ernest Bevin of Britain, Dean Acheson of the United States, Rob- 1 ert Schuman of France, Lester B.j Pearson of Canada, Paul-Henri! Spaak of Belgium, D. U. Stikkerj _. of The Netherlands, Joseph Been Washington What will happen Luxembourg, Halvard Lange of Stalin dies? The question] Norway Carlo Sforza of Italy, grows increasingly urgent, if Benediktsson of Iceland and Republicans. Burgman Pleads arn enessn because it is reported Jose Caiero Da Mata of Portugal. that the aging dictator suffered no! less than four strokes in 1948. The! immediate fright- ened bustle of doctors and guards; the pomp of na- tional mourning, Betraying U. S. John Burgman, former employe in the U. S. embassy in Berlin, pleaded innocent yesterday to charges that Along with the preparations for the treatVp Acneson, Bevin and Schuman were going ahead wlth plans to try to work out {inal agreement on the future of Ger- these can be foreseen. But there also be long range consequences of the utmost impor- tance, if the new theory of the suc- many. grandiose as though for a dead god; the rival heirs' bitter strug- gle ing hidden in the'Segregation Ban Kremlin darkness1 Youngdahl Signs provi- of the hew rent control act which empowers Woods to remove ceilings anywhere in the nation but to put them back on if unusual rent boosts result. The housing director made it clear that his agency will continue to police rents in decontrolled areas. Information now available, Woods asserted, is "inconclusive as toj whether the demand for rental! Violence Flares In New York Taxicab Strike By The Associated Press the "centralism of Stalin's." The "MacArthur plan" was brought up after Stassen declared: "Clearly the Marshall plan in Eur- ope has been the most significant single right thing we have since the end of the war. Hails MacArthur Plan "It is high time that we have parallel MacArthur plan in Asia." Jobs Picture Brightest in Last 5 Months Washington Government officials, scanning latest .unemploy- ment reports, say the job picture is brighter than it has been in five on Eligible To Vote; New Mayor Assured Citizens Asked To Register Views On Parking Meters By Adolph Bremer Winona will elect 12 city offic- ials Monday, when it goes to the polls for its biennial general elec- tion. In addition the eligible vot- ers will be asked to indicate wheth- er they are for or against parking meters. Only two of the 12 offices to be filled are uncontested: Third Ward Alderman William. P. Theurer and City Treasurer Otto P. Pietsch have a clear field for re-election. The day will see the naming of four aldermen new to the city coun- cil, a new mayor, and at least three new school board directors. Of the five councilmen whose terms are expiring this month, four did not seek re-election as alder- These figures encouraged opti- Returns on KWNO Election returns will be broad- east over KWNO AM-FM begin- ning at p. m. Monday. The new idea, he said, would be "not a program for Japan, a pro- gram for China, for Burma but an Asia-wide program." He described it in this way: "Giving due consideration to Eur- opean needs and to our own total economic situation and capacity, should regularly invest a por- Violence broke out for the first! tion of our resources in Asia for housing has been reasonably today in New York city's taxi-1 the resistance to communism, in the areas involved in the pre-j "The amount should be a sent senes of actions. cab which has halted nearly u Asia-wide approach, preferably in a Wt that he willlall taxi service in the world's largest on an order new ceilings should rent goug-: city, ing follow the decontrol action. AJ L The statement announcing field was settled in. _ j _j_i_______11 _j _: Weiiir Vi-iT-t- oc fnrc ending of relation to local provinces .and bm.eau sald in unaer- f An, The Census bureau said yesterday the jobless total fell off in March, the first drop in five months, 2. The March total of persons having jobs jumped over i February estimates. 3. The Bureau of Employment Security said the number of work- ers drawing unemployment compen- sation declined for the week ending March 26 over the total for the previous week. Secretary of Commerce Sawyer] said he thinks the upward trend in .man. And Mayor John. Druey also i decided for political retirement. Top Race Of Day On the present board of educa- tion, three did not seek re-election, and another is attempting a switch from first ward director to dlrec- tor-at-large. The top contest of the day is the race for mayor, where J. Roland- Eddie, laundryman and former As- sociation of Commerce president, is squared off against Cyril Smith, off-sale liquor store proprietor and Robert C. Goodwin, War n veteran. He is one of three World War U "ZSZTF "SIES varans on he betrayed this country by broad- has wer to repiace them, casting nazi propaganda during the decision to "take _ ing controls now that the agency American World Airways. His trial was set for May 9. Burgman, 52, was a clerk and! statistician in the embassy for 20 years. The indictment against him alleges that at the outbreak of I World War n he refused to come back to the United States with other diplomatic personnel. Instead, lit says, he obtained employment I with the German radio, managing la transmitter known as "station cession to Stalin proves to be Youngdahl today. rect. This theory, based as it is' upon the reported assessment the Kremlin's inner politics by tbjl Italian communist, Renle, that no single individual jvtffin-i herit Stalin's absolute power. j INSTEAD. IT IS believed, as re-! cently indicated in this space, that the power will be roughly divided between three broad groupings, headed respectively by Molotov andj Bulganin, Malenkov and Beria iind! Mikoyan and Vosnesensky. The Molotov-Bulganin assets will be the Red army, the communications net of the Soviet foreign office, ,and the authority derived from Molotov's seniority, which may secure for him the formal title of chief of state, and will certainly influence the Soviet satellites. The assets of Malenkov and Beria will be control of the Russian Com- munist party, of the Cominform ap- paratus, and of the' secret police. As for Mikoyan and Vosnesensky (a relatively minor they are! the directing heads of the vast! economic machinery of the Soviet] union, and this will be their legacy.' On the surface, the strength ofj the Molotov-Bulganin group seems! unchallengeable. But after Lenin's! death. Trotsky also stood forward as the man who had made the red! army and as the greatest leader ofj the state. Stalin defeated Trotsky] by the police and party power which wiU now go to Beria and MaJenkov. And while this former situation of- fers no parallel for the much weafc- of Mikoyan, he should St. resolution askinglDebunk. the station of all free Am- the federal government to outlaw segregation of Negroes in the Na- tional Guard was signed by Gov- have opportunities to play swing man between the stronger rivals. FEKHAPS THE almost inevitable power struggle may be kept within the secret confines of the Politburo. If it follows ..he pattern of the struggle between Stalin and Trotsky, however, the effects will be shat- teringiy felt wherever there are communists in the world. A sense of (Continued on Page 6, Column 2) ALSOPS i native of Hokah, Minn., Bur- gman has a wife and grown son 67 Red Wing Teachers Sign New Contracts a -im closed the city's spread to Buf- falo, N. and threatened to cause a walkout at New Jersey breweries. 11 projects ana m compensation decrease private endeavor, flrst smce ]ast November Alderman-at-Largre Joseph E. Krier, 218 West How- ,ard street, real estate man, and R. Fort, 209 West Sarnia help as the Marshall plan." Stassen, who appeared as a re- ures showed that the rising jobless] treet grocery store operator and trend has been haited "at least waiKOUI a jersey ui-ewci-jes. fnr -procirionf Truman Pour striking cab drivers were described temporarily." It said the Red Wing, arrested in the flareup of violence; Jin the taxicab strike. They were 'charged with malicious mischief and one was charged with assault.: Police said the four strikers caused a nonstriking driver in Brooklyn to wreck his cab. Earlier, 18 persons had been ar- rested for disorderly conduct or Dimple assault. Three thousand ex- spite ofjtra police guarded against violence who led ily favorable showing could be member'orthe board of park only by "their' ap- clmmissToners, an appointive po. praisal of relative force." He said of those leaders: "They believe that someone will rule by force and from their standpoint it had better be them." heated demands from teachers and citizens that Superintendent Glenr. B, Kinser resign as head of the in the walkout by New York's cabbies, mechanics and other work-! ers. The strikers and cab operators! Senate Passage s-lRed Wing schools, 67 deadlocked in negotiations signed contracts for next demands of unionrecognition, year. This was announced Friday by Kinser, whb also said two more resignations had been received. One was from Ethel Dunn, eleventh increases, a closed shop and other; benefits. Settlement of the walkout by 240 radio officers was announced by a spokesman for the C.I.O. Transport Tax Repeal Bill employment, in agriculture and in some industries. However, it said that despite the March decline, the unemployment total is still higher than in sition, and Fort was an unsuccess- candidate two years ago for alderman from second ward. Alderman-at-Large Robert Dorsch is not a candidate for election to March, 1348. th- rt t The report that more per- term' sons found jobs in March, but the! Alderman unemployment figure was cut only' A. B. Guenther, 713 Harriet was explained by the census street, for three years president of bureau this way: There was a rise in the "labor the Winona Trades Labor coun- cil, and William F. Holden, 773 Ter- or the people having worklrace lane, West End druggist, who or looking for work. The number is a member of the city board of ag in this force rose from in February to in March. And most of them found jobs. The increase in the number of persons health. Holden led the ticket In the three-way primary race. Alderman Ben Deeren is retiring from po- litical activity after -one term as grade teacher of English, and the! Workers union. He said they would other from Marguerite Eichler, back to work in other assign- nior high teacher. iments on the basis of the airliner's Miss Dunn said she would not [agreement to replace obsolete federal taxes on oleomargarine teach next year, but would live'radio jobs" with other duties. The said today its Senate cnances look! in Winona with her parents. Miss! strike halted Pan American despite tne promise of bitterl Eichler said she had no presentations over the Atlantic and Pacific.! ition from dairy law_' having jobs was greater than the! first ward school board director, decrease in unemployment because !one term as alderman-at-Iarge and Washington Backers of a 'I House-approved bill to repeal alii Mrs. Ida Walters, 78, was able to save only an empty suitcase, a lamp and a portable radio as flames consumed her home ten miles west of Kalamazoo, Mich., near Wolf Lake fish hatchery Friday. She lived alone with her daughter, Mary Jane Wirephoto to The pians. Maurice Wohler, president of the! Red Wing Education association, I which recommended the ouster of; Kinser, said the action is a result! of incidents during the three years since Kinser became superinten-i dent and does not arise from the dismissal of Ann Norby, English teacher, and Donald Snyder, base- ball coach. Wohler also is state president of the Department of Classroom Tea- chers of the Minnesota Education association. Kinser made it clear that he has no intention of resigning.' He said Collision Fatal At La Crosse La Crosse, Dahl, 39, was killed instantly today when his auto collided with another car at an intersection here. Dahl was thrown from his' car and the vehicle then overturned he has been given a contract and will fulfill it. Public demands for Kinser's T-4. ignation will come before the school DreCKenriage I Or board'at its next regular meeting, April 12. Food Poisoning Hospitalizes 300 Frankfurt, S. Army scientists today hunted the source of a food poisoning which sent 300 soldiers into the 97th Gen- eral hospital here last night. All but 30 of the soldiers had been released from the hospital to- day. Only two were described as acutely ill and. none was in critical Drowns in Creek Breckenridge, Minn. Gay- lord McCullough, 2 Vi-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Roy McCullough, drowned in a creek near his home three miles east of here yesterday. Tracks in the frost and on the thin ice of the creek indicate the tot started across the creek after his dog, which has chased a rab- bit, officials said. The boy was pulled from the wa- ter by his father, who called the Breckenridge fire department. Firemen worked in vain two hours to revive the boy with makers. Senators from butter producing states readied a substitute meas- ure and said they are prepared to! "talk at length" to prevent passage of the repeal bill which the House passed yesterday by a 287 to 89 vote. In stamping approval on the bill to erase the 63-year-old taxes, the House rejected all efforts to out- law interstate shipment of yellow oleomargarine. However, the measure stipulates that yellow oleomargarine sold in public eating places must be tri- angular in shape and identified as oleomargarine. The bill does not affect the laws of 18 states that prohibit the sale of the yellow pro- duct. Hardly had the House voted when Senator Wiley (R.-Wis.) announced that he and 20 other senators are ready to introduce a "states rights" bill to: 1. Repeal the oleomargarine taxes; 2 Prohibit interstate ship- sion limitation was introduced in. 3. Let the individual states decide then whether they will permit the sale of the yellow product. The House passed an oleomarg- arine tax repealer last year but of this rise in the labor force. State Bill Asks Longer Term for Representatives St. A bill providing a constitutional amendment to length- en the terms of state representa- tives and remove the 90-day ses- now one term as first ward alder- man. Second Ward Alderman Henry V. Parks, 119 West Mark street, transfer company foreman, and Romey F. Potratz, 616 Maia street, partner in a heating firm. Potratz is a World War H veteran, and Parks led the ticket in the three-way primary race. Parks is a former second ward alderman. Walter Dopke, the second ward al- derman whose term is expiring, was a candidate for mayor in the primary race but was eliminated. Third Ward Alderman William P. Theurer, 351 East San- bom street, the incumbent is un- .'opposed for re-election to his sec- ond four-year term. He is com- Tucker's proposal, introduced with the consent of the governor, would lengthen terms of members of the house from two to four years, the same as those of senators. It would leave to the discretion of the legislature to prescribe how often and how long it should meet. Another will which would pro- hibit the- state from manufactur- ing its own auto license plates was introduced on behalf of the motor vehicle committees by Representa- tive John Nordin of Columbia ment of yellow oleomargarine; and Heights. The tags now are manu- factured at St. Cloud reformatory. Nordin's committee once refus- ed to recommend passage of the bill, but apparently the committee reversed its position. As a corn- it died in the Senate near bill, it has a place on gen- session's end when Wiley madejeral orders. It prohibits the state known that he was ready with a lor any political subdivision from morrow at "long jmanufacturing license plates. pleting his second one-year term as council president. The other, ward in which there was no primary contest. In the (Continued on Page 3 Column 7) CITY ELECTION WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS and vicinity: Fair and somewhat warmer tonight. Sunday increasing cloudiness and mild. Low tonight 32; high Sunday 52. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations" for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 51; minimum, 26; noon, 50; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- .weather op Page ;