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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 1, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Light Snow Tonight, Snow, Colder Friday Sell Unneeded Items With Want Ads NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. Ill SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 1, 1954 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Wiped Out in H-Bomb Blast H-bomb Explosion in the Marshall Islands caused the jreatest destruction ever.noted from a single explosive device. The resulting nuclear (UP Telephoto) "fireball" was the largest ever produced. This Is One of the first pictures released by the Federal Civil Defense Administration showing the H-bomb explosion in the Mar- Boston Lawyer Named Senate Probe Counsel Samuel P. Sears Accepts McCarthy, Army investigation WASHINGTON Senate Investigations Subcommittee today appointed Samuel P. Sears, a Bos ton lawyer, as special counsel for its investigation of the charges Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and high Army officials have aimed at one another. Sen. Mundt who will pre- side at the public and televised hearings, told a news conference he believed the unanimous selec- tion had broken a log jam and would permit start of the inquiry within 10 days. Mundt said Sears will start Monday "and I hope the hear- ings will start the following week." Mundt said the selection was made by "another unanimous vote, all six members of the committee voting 'aye' at a closed door ses- sion. Just a few moments earlier, Sen. Kefauver (D-Tenn) had made an unsuccessful move to get the Senate Armed Services Committee to take over the investigation of the whole McCarthy-Army row. Kefauver made his motion at a closed-door session but not enough senators to do business were pres- ent. Sen. Hendrickson actmg chairman, made this point and Ke- fauver agreed to a delay until later in the afternoon or until Friday forenoon when the committee has another scheduled session. Stars, a quiet, graying man, stood beside Mundt as the an- Temporary Chairman Karl Mundt, left, of the Senate investi- gating subcommittee today announced the appointment of Samuel P. Sears, right, of Boston, as independent counsel for the com- mittee's inquiry into Sen. McCarthy's row with the Army. (UP Telephoto) Russ Bid to Join NATO Is Rejected French Marshal Who Criticized EDC Discharged By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON Wl The United PARIS government fired Marshal Alphonse Juin today from the nation's two top military strategy posts. It appeared likely he also would lose his NATO job as commander of land, sea and air forces in central Europe. The Cabinet ordered the out- spoken, 65-year-old marshal re- moved from his French military to the government on defense strategy and vice presi- dent of the National Superior Council for Armed he. ignored Premier Joseph La- niel's summons to explain his public criticism last weekend of the proposed European Defense Community. The firing touched off a furor in France comparable to that in America following then President Truman's dismissal of Gen. Doug- las MacArthur. Opponents in Par- liament of EDC led the critics of the French government action. Since1 the presidency of the Na- tional Superior Council is held by President of the Republic Rene Coty. Juin actually was the rank- ing French military man in ques- tions of strategy. In the French Senate, supporters of Gen. Charles de Gaulle inter- rupted debate on the national de- fense budget to protest the dis- charge. Laniel had asked Juin to come I to his office Wednesday night to explain his speech to a reserve of- I ficers group last weekend in which the United States should join a 32- jje EDC was unwieldy stooa oesiue iuuuui as au- nouncement of his selection as spe- States planned to consult promptly today with Britain and France on state- j its stern rejection of Russia's sur- prising bid for a hand in control nation European security treaty which he had first put forth at the Berlin meeting. He then sug- gested that the United States and Red sit in mere- ly as observers. Thus his sugges- tion for American membership cial counsel was made, Mundt gave reporters a ment identifying Sears as a mem' ber of the law firm of dpfenses throueh a new llon Ior American jue Sears Cole, 75 Federal St., Bos- Western defenses through a new r ented a change ton- _, i "secunty fc. t t m the new note he said accept- He is 59, a graduate of the Har- For its part, Washington turned ance o{ tMs plan for European se- vard law school and served as vice down the soviet maneuver last! curity would lead the Soviet Union chairman of the Judicial Council boring-from-within trick j to consider joining NATO. This or- of Massachusetts from 1944 through i 1950. Ike Interior Budget Sliced Million WASHINGTON '.tf The econo- my-minded House Appropriations Committee today sliced nearly 59 million dollars from President Ei- senhower's budget for the Interior Department, cutting heaviest into requests for reclamation and terri- tories. Declaring there's an "urgent need for conserving dollars to im- prove the federal government's j fiscal the committee j eign Minister V. M. Molotov hand- recommended appropriations of j ed his proposals to Western am- to run the Interior De- j bassadors in a 10-page note, a "to gain admittance within the walls of the West, to undermine its security." Moscow offered to consider join- ing the North Atlantic Treaty Or- ganization if the Western Powers would (A) join a Russian-sponsored European security plan from which Germany would be barred and (B) scrap plans for a European De- fense Community (EDC) in which German troops would be rearmed. Initial Western reaction showed some division, and officials said it was reasonable to assume there would be consultation with Britain and France on the formal replies. A few hours after Soviet For- partment during the year begin-! French Foreign Office spokesman ning July 1. This amounts to a M per cent cut in the requested for the coming fiscal year and a 17 per cent reduction under the appropriated for the cur- rent year. The committee lopped 300 from a request for for the Reclamation Bureau, rec- said the note would require careful study "as it represents a consid- erable modification" of proposals on the same subject which the Sov- iets had put forth at the Berlin Big Four conference in February. In Washington, meanwhile, Sec- retary of States Dulles and his top advisers wound up a quick study of the Russian message with a state ommending appropriation ment categorically turning down as compared with the Soviet move. this year. What Molotov proposed was that formed for the pre cise purpose of unifying and build- ing up the strength of the West against the threat of Russian pow- er. At the Berlin conference, Molo- tov had said frankly-he was out to wreck Western plans for EDC, under which Western Germany would be armed in the interest of strengthening Western defenses. Dulles and other Western minis- ters argued at Berlin that Molotov's whole purpose wa.s to wreck the Western defense system and drive the United States out of Europe. The State Department said in a formal statement last night the new Soviet note represented an ef- fort by Molotov to "retrieve" the "diplomatic failure" which he suf- fered when the West rejected his European security proposals and when they failed to arouse any great public excitement. The new Soviet proposals, the department said, "are subject to the basic objections which were raised at and it went on to picture them as a kind of Trojan Horse device by which the Soviet Union would get a place for itself within the Western defense system in order to work for its destruction from the inside. and should be replaced by some other arrangement. After Juin had failed to show up, the Cabinet in an extraordinary session reprimanded him and dis- missed him from his two posts for discourtesy and disobedience to the government. He also had ig- nored a 15-year-old law requiring him to submit to the government, j in advance any speeches he i planned to make. Wet-Dry Issue Up In Freeborn County ALBERT LEA, Minn. tions are being circulated seeking a special election on the wet-dry issue in Freeborn County, one of the last remaining counties with- out legal liquor sales in Minnesota. The Greater Freeborn County Assn. reported today that of the needed signatures already have been obtained. Albert Lea is believed to be the last large Min- nesota community still on the "dry1 list. State Wants Lease of Ramsey Preventoriom ST. PAUL W) Goy, Anderson today asked Mayor John E. Daub- ney of St. Paul if the state could lease the Ramsey County Preven- torium for use for mentally retard- ed children. Iiaubney is chairman of the Ramsey County board which has jurisdiction. Anderson told him there are now 650 youngsters on a waiting list seeking admission for institutional care. Gen. Vandenberg Failing Rapidly WASHINGTON UP) The Air Force announced today that Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, former chief of staff, "has taken a turn for the worse and is failing rapidly." Vandenberg was admitted to Walter Reed Army Hospital last Oct. 3. He had undergone an ab- dominal operation in 1952. The Air Force said Vandenberg's son, 1st Lt. Hoyt Vandenberg Jr., has been returned from overseas and that the general's daughter, Mrs. Robert R. Miller, is arriving today from her home in Colorado Springs, Colo. Equal Confab Status for Red China Rejected LONDON rejected to- day the Kremlin's claim that Red China will participate in the Gen- eva conference on an equal foot- ing with Russia and the Western Big Three. A Foreign Office spokesman said the decision taken at Berlin called for- Britain, the United States, France and Russia to act as the inviting powers for the for- eign ministers parley on Korea and Indochina, The conference begins April 26. The spokesman specifically re- jected an assertion made Wednes- day by the Soviet Foreign Minis- try that the Geneva conference would be a five-power conference including Red China as an equal member. The Russian declaration was made in reply to U. S. Sec- retary of State John Foster Dul- les' statement March 29 that the Geneva conference would not be considered a five-power conference giving Red China the same status as the big four. Billion-Dollar Excise Tax Cut In Effect Today By FRANK O'BRIEN WASHINGTON Wl A billion dollar federal sales tax cut went into effect today, with indications it may be a huge headache to the public, 'businessmen and govern- ment. It is a headache that will be borne happily. Businessmen have long said ex- cise tax rates were holding back sales. The public has groused at paying a 20 per cent tax on lug- gage, jewelry, furs, cameras, elec- tric lights and theater admissions. President Eisenhower, although his administration opposed .the tax cuts, said yesterday he was sign- ing the bill wholeheartedly, regard- ing it as a business stimulant. The new rates, 0n hundreds of items, are effective on sales made today or hereafter. The adminis- tration calculates it will lose 999 million dollars revenue by the re- ductions, in a full year. That means 999 million dollars not spent on taxes that can be spent other- wise by business and consumers. Consumer Saving Another government action, tak- en by Secretary of Agriculture Ben- son and reducing the level of price supports for dairy products, also will mean consumer savings start- ing today. Butter prices are expect- ed to go down an average of about 10 cents; cheese prices somewhat less. Some stores said they would offer butter at 59 cents, but a 65- 70 cent average was foreseen. The excise tax changes brought a whole host of questions. What about goods taxed at retail and bought on the installment plan, with payments still running? Does the consumer get something (Continued on Page 12, Column 4) TAXES shall Islands in the fall of 1952. The test island, Egulab, of tht atoll completely disappeared. (UP Telephoto) Fireball Big Enough To Engulf New York By ELTON C. FAY AP Military Affairs Reporter WASHINGTON government disclosed today details of the world's first hydrogen searing and crushing fury that wiped out an island in the twinkling of an eye and spawned a gigantic fireball big enough to engulf the heart of New York City. The official motion picture film of the thermonuclear test in No- vember 1952, conducted by the Atonic Energy Commission and Defense Department at Emwetolt Fishermen Burned By Atomic Ashes 'Fairly Critical' TOKYO Three of the 23 Jap- Atoll, was made some- what censored the Fed- eral Civil Defense Administration. That agency said it, "firmly be- lieves it is necessary for the Amer- ican .public to know the facts about the destructiveness nuclear weapons." And it quoted from the speech of President Eisenhower before the United Nations Assem- bly last December which said, "Clearly, if the peoples of the world are to conduct an intelligent J-QTct! Ui LUC Oaf rrwiiiA v.t. vu anese fishermen burned by ashes j "arch for Peace they must be from the March 1 hydrogen blast at Bikini were reported in "fairly critical" condition today with their blood count "falling sharply furth- er since Wednesday." This report came from a Japa- nese doctor as a government of- armed with the significant facts of today's existence.'1 Awesome as it was, the 1952 test has been described by Eisenhower as only a first step in this nation's hydrogen weapons program. There have been two announced thermonuclear blasts in the Pacific proving ground since then, and llUJt. V1WV.S.V o- UlUVtiiX gLUUlitl ficial took issue with a statement j both have been semiofficially de- by U. S Atomic Energy Commis- j scribed as much more powerful, sion Chairman Lewis Strauss that One was set off March 1, the other the fishermen's boat unwittingly j last Fnday; was inside the official danger zone when showered with radioactive ash. Tsutau Yamaguchi, director of Japan's Maritime Safety Board, told the Diet the fishing boat Lucky Dragon was at least 19 miles out- side the danger area. Crewmen have said they were at least 80 miles from the blast site. The newspaper Tokyo Shimbun quoted Dr. Shinichi Miwa as say- t (WESTCHESTER.4 NEWARK ELIZABETH corpuscle count which has been 100 to about one-half nor- started falling sharply further since yesterday." Dr. Miwa added that some pa- tients have recovered when their white cell count drops even lower "but they require special attention ATLANTIC OCKAN chairman of the AEC, announced Wednesday that the U. S. now build an H-bomi powerful enough to wipe out New York City. The .map shows metropolitan New York, en- circled, which would be destroyed by the new weapon. Destruction would extend far beyond, wearing an area from 800 to square (UP Telepfcsto) Test Device Here are some of the things the motion picture of the 1952 test and the official narration accompany- ing it disclosed: 1. The test device was explod- ed in a a small workshop jammed with recording and deto- nating gadgets, on the islet of Egulab, at the northern rim of Eniwetok Atoll. r 2. The island, about a half mile ing. i long and a quarter mile wide and "Three of the seven atomic pa-1 protruding from the barrier reef