Winnipeg Free Press Newspaper Archives Mar 30 2015, Page 12

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Winnipeg Free Press (Newspaper) - March 30, 2015, Winnipeg, Manitoba C M Y K PAGE B4 B 4 WINNIPEG FREE PRESS, MONDAY, MARCH 30, 2015 CANADA winnipegfreepress. com Craig and Marc Kielburger Craig and Marc Kielburger co- founded Free The Children and are authors of the new book, Living Me to We: The Guide for Socially Conscious Canadians. metowe. com/ living To advance Gross National Happiness, Bhutan plans a different kind of law school by: Craig and Marc Kielburger Lawyers and happiness— an unlikely pairing? Not in Bhutan. In February, the king of Bhutan signed the royal charter for a school of law— the very first in this tiny Asian nation. This law school will be unique. It will experiment with new methods for training lawyers that engage them in the country’s drive for greater prosperity through happiness. Bhutan, sandwiched between India and China in the eastern end of the Himalayas, envisions a legal system that is about more than prosecuting crimes and suing companies because your coffee was too hot. Legal reform is part of Bhutan’s carefullymanaged and decades- long transition from absolute monarchy to 21st century democracy. In 1971, the previous king— father of the current monarch— turned economics on its head by proposing a new measurement for a country’s prosperity: Gross National Happiness ( GNH). The government of Bhutan has placed GNH at the core of all its policies, from social programs to national budgets. Now it’s applying the principle to its legal system. Historically, the king was the law, appointing judges and acting as the final court of appeal. However, most minor issues were resolved through an informal system of community justice. Village heads acted as arbiters and cases ( both criminal and civil) were heard and decided with the participation of the entire community. There were no lawyers and plaintiffs and defendants alike usually represented themselves. As Bhutan modernized and created a formal justice system, it needed trained lawyers and judges. With no domestic law school, aspiring Bhutanese law students got their education in India, the UK or North America. According to Michael Peil, a respected American law professor, they returned immersed in Western traditions of adversarial, punitive, winner- takeall law. “ They had been thoroughly schooled in a system that said every case has a winner and a loser. Winning is about destroying the other side,” Peil lamented. Peil said the foreign- trained lawyers lost sight of Bhutanese community law, which emphasizes restorative justice and negotiated settlements with mutually beneficial resolutions. His description reminds us of the traditional community justice practiced by many Canadian aboriginal peoples. In 2013, the Bhutanese government offered Peil a unique challenge: build a law school from the ground up with a tailor- made curriculum merging formal Western law with Bhutanese ideals of community law. The new curriculum will apply a different method for teaching law. Peil explains that Western law students learn by studying past cases. “ They start by learning from adversarial situations and that sends the message that all law comes from disputes.” In contrast, Bhutanese students will learn law through practical exercises and simulations that force them to develop their own solutions and to present multiple options for resolving a case, like negotiating a settlement instead of launching a lawsuit. It may not sound that novel, but this approach means students are learning a different philosophy of law— that law is not all adversarial disputes, and every case does not have to have a winner and a loser. To ensure its future lawyers are aligned with Bhutan’s national values, all students will be required to take classes in environmental and development law and how the law exists to promote sustainability, prosperity and happiness. A trail- blazing concept. Even the campus infrastructure at Bhutan’s law school must meet progressive standards, with buildings designed to be green and energyefficient and sections of the grounds protected as natural preserves. Ground will be broken for the first buildings this spring, and Peil plans for the school to welcome its first class in 2017. In the long term, Peil hopes tides will reverse and Western legal students will come to Bhutan to learn a different philosophy of law. From Matlock to Law and Order to any courtroom reality show, our culture portrays law as a sports field, with two teams competing to win it all. It’s all about individual interests. Bhutan’s new law school will be a fascinating experiment to discover if changing the way we think about law can actually help create a better, more cohesive society. It’s an experiment all Western nations need to watch closely. Craig and Marc Kielburger founded a platform for social change that includes Free The Children, Me to We, and the youth empowerment movement, We Day. 2015 NISSAN ROGUE AVAILABLE FEATURES INCLUDE: • Divide- N- Hide Cargo System • Intuitive All- Wheel Drive • NissanConnect SM with Navigation Rogue SL AWD Premium model shown .. THAT’S LIKE PAYING ONLY SEMI- MONTHLY LEASE ‚ FROM $ 139 WITH $ 0 DOWN AT 1.99 % APR FOR 60 MONTHS $ 64 .. 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COM CHECK IN STORE FOR MORE FUN IN THE SUN ITEMS BUY ONE GET ONE 50% OFF MARCH 31 ST - APRIL 3 RD Feature of the Week ON GE O SPRING BREAK STORE- WIDE SALE GRANT PARK SHOPPING CENTRE 204.475.7522 a1nutrition. net * Except Sale Items Like Us On T HE elimination of the Future Shop brand may be the end of an era for the once- successful Canadian retailer, but it does not foretell the end for stand- alone electronics stores, says one business expert. Mark Satov says closing Future Shop was an “ inevitable” move for Best Buy, the American company that bought the Canadian retailer in 2001. “ Best Buy is a big U. S. brand so if they had to shutter one brand in Canada it would certainly be Future Shop,” said Satov, a business adviser on customer strategy with Satov Consultants in Toronto. Best Buy Canada announced on Saturday the closure of 66 Future Shop locations, with the remaining 65 stores to be rebranded as Best Buy. Satov says while electronics are often purchased online, he predicts customers will continue to value stores on the ground. Of the four Future Shop stores in Manitoba, two will be converted to the Best Buy brand, and the others will be closed. A Best Buy spokeswoman said she didn’t know the number of job losses in Winnipeg from the Future Shop closings. The Future Shop stores closing in Winnipeg are located at 783 Leila Ave. and 850 St. James St. The store at 1910 Pembina Hwy. is being converted to a Best Buy, as is a store in Brandon. “ If you are retaining bricks- and- mortar it’s going after a different segment, it’s providing a different experience, making sure to have the expertise and other things in the store that you just can’t get online,” said Satov. “ Not everybody is going to go get that experience and feel right about then going online and buying it from somebody else, especially when a place like Best Buy is ready to match the online price in the store.” Retail analyst Maureen Atkinson says more than a third of electronics purchases are made online, making it the second- largest Internet retail category after entertainment purchases such as books and music. She says the Future Shop closures are part of a bigger retail trend. “ Best Buy was very adamant that running the two banners actually gave them additional revenue. But that was before I think the impact of online shopping had really taken hold,” said Atkinson, an analyst with J. C. Williams Group. “ Best Buy started off by shrinking their stores, reducing the size of their stores in a lot of cases. Now obviously they’ve decided that wasn’t enough and that merging the brands would make more sense.” Atkinson says the company tried to differentiate the brands by offering Best Buy as a commission- free alternative to Future Shop’s commission- based sales team. But she says it’s unclear what impact that actually had on customers. Best Buy Canada says along with the Future Shop consolidation, the company is investing up to $ 200 million on improvements that include increasing staffing levels. The company’s website currently lists more than 300 postings for retail jobs at Best Buy locations around Canada. Best Buy also says it will invest in improvements to online shopping, such as allowing Internet customers to order products from in- store inventory. Both Satov and Atkinson say the Future Shop consolidation will have little impact on Canadian consumers overall. — The Canadian Press Electronics stores will survive, business expert says By Tim Callanan Future Shop closures an ‘ inevitable’ move TORONTO — Target Corp. is planning to close all of its Canadian stores even faster than originally planned. A court- appointed monitor overseeing the windup of the Target Canada stores says all 133 locations across the country will be permanently shut down by “ as early as mid- April,” which is about a month ahead of schedule. Some locations have already ceased operations — 17 stores closed in the middle of March. Another six Target locations will shutter today, while 23 are slated for closure on April 1, and 32 more on April 2. “ It is anticipated that the pace of delivery of vacate notices... will continue to increase over the next two weeks,” the monitor wrote in an update filed with the court. “ All stores are expected to be closed to the public as early as mid- April 2015.” The Winnipeg Target store in Southdale has already closed. Target Corp. announced in January it was making plans to leave Canada, saying it would take years to turn a profit after a bungled launch hurt its reputation with consumers. The company is in the process of closing all 133 stores across the country, most which opened in 2013. A liquidation has been underway since last month, while lawyers are in court trying to iron out the details of Target’s departure. A variety of creditors that include landlords, suppliers and others impacted by the closures, are trying to determine what will happen to money they’re owed. — The Canadian Press Target to close outlets at a quicker pace B_ 04_ Mar- 30- 15_ FP_ 01. indd B4 3/ 29/ 15 7: 41: 10 PM

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