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Winnipeg Free Press (Newspaper) - June 5, 1954, Winnipeg, Manitoba WINNIPEG FREE PRESS, SATURDAY, JUNE 5, 1954 Presidential Problems Shrink Beside Decisions LONDON (Special-NYHT) Among the world's leaders none has problems to face and decis- ions to' make that rank in mag- nitude with those of the Pres- able, naval gunfire inefficient, air support impossible. In short, in- vasion would be out of the ques- tion. Gloomily, they sat down to hear the weather briefing from the senior meteorologist, Group i'Capt. J. M. Stagg. man! At the start Capt. TT v. I "dour but canny Gen. now in the White House has not Eisenhower caiied ident of the United States. Yet, paradoxically, the yet faced a decision quite as tough as one he had to make long before he ever dreamed that some day he would be President. day was 10 years ago Fri- 4, 1944. The time: 9.30 m. The place: the library of Eouhtwick House in Portsmouth, on the south coast of England. The principals: the men who had worked for years toward the day Allied forces would storm to confirm their fears. The pre- dicted storms were now lashing the French coast; had the June 5 date been the out- come would surely have been dis- aster THE GERMAN VIEW s Across the Channel, the Germans had come to the same conclusion. There was no question the inva- sion was German intelligence had decoded no fewer than 28 BBC messages to the French resistance to stand by for sabotage signals. Both the Ger- the Continent to begin the final Army, on the Cotentin phase of smashing Adolf Hitler's control of Europe. THE ROUGHEST DAY What transpired the librarv of Southwick ters of Adm. Sir Bertram H. Ramsay, Allied naval commander and, four years earlier, the or- ganizer of the Dunkirk with- in all probability the start of the roughest day in the life of Dwight D. Eisenhower. Outside, a hurricane-like wind howled. Those hower, Montgomery, Tedder, Leigh-Mallory and driven over muddy roads through rain that drove almost horizon- tally against the windshields. They could only imagine the feelings of the men aboard some ves- supply ships, land- ing even then were riding the gale in the English Channel and the Irish sea, sched- uled to hit the beaches Nor- mandy at dawn a day and a half later. Already bad weather had forced a postponement from June 5 to JuneS. Further delay would mean putting the whole thing off until June 19 for reasons of time and tides and ships' fuel. It would mean calling back the fleet, disem- fcarking thousands of men, risking security leaks in the next two weeks. It would mean that the air borne troops, when D-Day finally came, would have no moon to help them. And it would mean two weeks less of campaign weather In the battle to come. But as the planners gathered, they knew that in such weather base at H-hour would be just about high enough, that's all. Seas? Heavy, but not impossible. Adm. Ramsay spoke up. A de- cision had to be made in 30 min- utes. .Otherwise it would be too late to re-arrange sailing sche- dules until the June 19 date. MONTGOMERY FOR FT Gen. Eisenhower turned to Montgomery: "Do you see any reason for not going Tuesday he asked. "I would say the British ground commander replied. Gen. Eisenhower thought for.a moment. He had his subordinate', views; but Sn the last analysis the decision was up to him. Ac cording to the official Army his tory, he remarked: "The question is, just how long can you hang this- operation on the end of t limb and let it hang there." Am a moment later the final decision "I'm quite positive we must give Peninsula, and the 15th, farther east, had been ordered on nightly alert. But wind and rain had swept in and the forecasters saw no break. On the night of June 5, the 7th Army headquarters in Normandy cancelled its alert. In this weather it said, invasion was impossible. Capt. Stagg paused after describ- ing the storm conditions. Then he said something that made Gen. Eisenhower and the other? lean forward. In the midst of a long chain of low pressure areas stretching across the Atlantic, one small "high" had been detected bearing toward the Channel from the a location, significantly, that German weath- er recon planes could not reach. It indicated, Capt. Stagg said, that while the weather on the morning of June 6 would be far from ideal, at least the storm would abate, the seas would calm and, for perhaps 36 hours, condi- tions would be sufficiently favor- able for assault landings. TO GO OK NOT "Exactly what kind of weather will there some one asked. For two long minutes the captain hesitated. "To answer jie is quoted as saying, "would make me a guesser, not a meteorogist." To go or not was up to the men who had planned for s.o long. They talked it over. There would be considerable overcast. Would air support be effective? Air Chief Marshal Leigh-Mallory said it would be "chancey." Would spot- ting for naval gunfire be accur- the order there it is I don't like it, bu I don't see ho.w we can possibly do anything else." Then began what must hav been the most tense day in th life of the future president though even to the officer around him it. was not obvious VISITS TROOPS In the morning the genera visited British soldiers bein loaded aboard landing craft a Portsmouth. He. saw the press the three reporters chosen by lo to cover Eisenhower for th world newspaper pool. W h i 1 talking to them he noted a mo mentary shaft of sunlight: "B George, there is some sun." Before lunch he played Hounc and Fox with an aide, the checkers with another. a I had him cornered with my tw Icings and his one remainin king, darned if he didn't jum one of my kings and get a draw, wrote Cap. Harry C. Butcher, h Navy aide, in his publishe diary.) Then toward dusk he went 1 visit men of the 101st Airborn Division, whose planes were star ing to warm .up for their dro some five hours before the, sea small boats would be unmanage- ate? Capt. Stagg said the cloud Fruit Still onfusing Commons MSGR. I. E. ZIELONKA vicar-general of the Roman Catholic archdiocese of Win- nipeg, who will receive an honorary degree of doctor of laws at the :97th commence- .ment exercises of Niagara ;university, Niagara, N.Y., on Sunday. ures for January, Feibruary March and April of this year am 1953 to show the results of th new law's operations. The figure covered clothing, wearing appare made from woven fabrics, cot ton, dresses, womens' and child rens' clothes. For each mont he gave the, number pieces the value in Canada; the valu in the U. S. and the comparativ prices paid here. During the firs four months of this wear pieces were: imported as agains pieces in the same perio last year. In February this year the valu per piece was (the invoic for duty purposes) compare with 52.14 in the same month las year. In March it was th .________i .f :mixed fruit or fruit salad com- ng into Canada, froiirv the United States pay a higher rate of duty Han previously applied to :the popular dessert. The comedy is :onsequently costing the Cana- dian consumer a few extra cents per can if he buys the imported ruit salad. DUTIABLE AS PEACHES It all began in January, 1953 when an officer the nationa revenue department ruled that the imported cans of mixed frui. should be dutiable as "peaches' in future at a tariff of 2% cent, per pound. Formerly the fruit hac been admissable as "fruits no otherwise provided for in the tar iff" at a rate ot one cent per pound. The importers appealed to the tariff board. The appeal wa heard in April. The board rule' last month that the mixed frui was not peaches, nor was if'pre serves" as argued by the depart ment of justice in the case. I ruled 'that the mixed fruit shoul be admitted as "fruits N.P.O.P. at a tariff of one cent per pound APPLICATION REJECTED The Canadian food processor association and Canadian horb cultural council appealed the tar iff board's ruling to the excheq was wrong and that; the imported mixed fruit should have been lassified as "preserves" at an ven higher rate of duty. year compared with in 1953 and in April it was per piece compared with in that month last year. "You understand the signific- ance of said Dr. McCann. "It means that in the last inst- ance the value for duty purposes per piece: >yas S3.35 compared with. 52.97. These figures indicate to me that the value of these Smart, Vertical Siding in Plywood Form Beautiful planked wall effect without tedious and costly plank- ing. Large 4' x 8' panels fclash building time and costs. Deep cut grooves conceal joints. Factory- applied base coat of Redwood gives further savings. Waterproof glue-line safe for use outdoors. Use Ranch Wall for siding, car- ports, fences, gable ends. Sea your lumber dealer. borne assault He walked per piece- went up to the men, chatted and from a difference of 38 cents per piece. "When an invoice comes in, and by reason of our investiga- tions, It _is changed from "X" dollars and a different value is put on it up to and duty is pai on that, that certainly must be a eterrent to importers to bring end of the season goods into this country. Our manufact- urers would have the advantage of that increase in Mr. Masdonnell commented that the minister's figures "seem to indicate a rather satisfactory situation, that is to say that from the point of view of hte customs administration the prices for duty purposes are now some- what higher." ASKS WHAT FRIDGES Stanley Knowles (CCF Win- nipeg-North Centre) 'asked what type of refrigerators in addition to the textiles and clothing asked what the black stuff on their faces was made of, kept trying to find some one from Kansas. He stayed to watch the last plane fly into the night, and then he returned to his caravan headquarters just outside Ports- mouth. GOES TO BED The general left his staff some- time after midnight, announcing he was going to bed. But whether or not, with the invasion only hours away. He ever actually slept at all there is no record. A few minutes after H-hour 6.40 a.m. Capt. Butcher tip- toed to the general's caravan to awaken him and give him the news that the air-borne drop had been good and everything appar- ently was going well. The general was awake. He was sitting up in bed, reading a Western story. He smiled, lit a cigaret and reached for the tele- phone. The worst was over. The final assault on Hitler's fortfess was on. Distributed by MANITOBA DISTRIBUTORS: C. MAXWELL COMPANY 325 Main Street, Winnipeg INSULATION INDUSTRIES (MANITOBA) 760 Wall Street, Winnipeg LIMITED AVAILABLE AT WILSON-GREGORY LUMBER CO. LTD. 44 Higgins Ave. Ph. 92-8115 Call For Your Supply DOMINION LUMBER FUEL CO. LTD. 667 Redwood Ave. Ph. 59-7348 109 Bond St. Transeona Ph. 238 THE WINNIPEG PAINT GLASS COMPANY LIMITED 2 minutes from Portage and Main Capital Lumber CO. LTD. 92 Higgini Ave. Ph. 93-1455 EVEBlTTHIJfG FOB THE BllLDEH CALL 89-BTOH B. E. Cornel Arliorton A Austin "Everything For Building" SHORE GLASS Building Supplies Ltd. 251 Jarvis Ave. Ph. 59-5378 lifJirtg supplies 1062 Sargent Ave. Ph. 3-1918 Winnipeg Supply 6c Fuel Co. Ltd. Phone 6-7941 Building Materials Division Office Showrooms .Portage Ave. At Polo Park For your P.V. needt IN YOUR AREA See the PEAVER Merchant BEAVER LUMBER Your PLYWOOD Needi Can be supplied by the MONARCH LUMBER CO. LTD. Yards Throughout Manitoba and Saskatchewan present annual assemblies.'Many: delegates have expressed the view that business is not pressing as to waste time and ''effort to bring delegates front 43 nationa together annually. Japanese Riot Way Cancel Yoshida Tour TOKYO, (Reuters) Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida called an emergency cabinet meeting Friday and hinted he may post- pone his world tour still further following Thursday night's riot n the Japanese Lower House' of Parliament. Some observers, noting the complete confusion blanketing the political scene as the result, of the think the premier may cancel the tour altogether. Yoshida told the meeting Fri- day that his legislative program will take precedence over his prospective trip to the United States, Canada, Britain, France, Italy, West Germany, Pakistan, Singapore and Tahiland. He had been due to leave Fri- day but put off his departure until .Sunday after the Liberals asked for a two-day extension of the Diet session. VISIT WESTERN WOODS) MORE ABOUT Report (Continued From Page 1) dresses, textiles, shoes and pur- ses, refrigerators and automobiles, the minister indicated. James :Macdonnel (PC Toron- ;o-Greenwood) expressed satisfac- tion at the way in which the new law was operating. He took strong exception to "s-ome people of the baser sort" whom he sug- gested were wrongly interpret- ing the legislation as imposing tariff protection when in fact as he saw it, Bill 29 was merely enabling the government to en- force its anti-dumping regula.- tions. Dr McCann pointed out that under Bill 29 as it had passed the, house last December, the valuation for duty purposes of the customs act had been altered. This was done to "deal with a particular problem that presented itself at that time." The problem as outlined in the house last December was competition which the Canadian textile industry had encountered in .the form of end of season dresses entering Cana- da from the U. S. The new lay mainly household refrigerates had been affectea. Mr. Knowles suggested that the fear that duties on imports might be increased, several months af- ter goods had come into the country, would act as a deter- rent on importers wanting to bring goods into Canada. Dr. McCann said depart- ment so far had received no er court. The president ot th court, Hon. Mr. Justice J. T. Thorson heard the application for leave to appeal and rejected the "application. He upheld the findings of the tariff board. Friday in the commons Hon. J. J, McCann, minister of nation- al revenue, was pressed by Stan- .ey Knowles >Jorth Centre) to state when the .ower rate of duty would be re- instituted on the Imported mixed fruit. The minister said the matter could not be discussed because it was before the courts and there- fore sub judice. But, said Mr. Knowles it had been 'decided by the exchequer court that there would be no leave granted to appeal: Was the minister announcing that the na- tional revenue department was going to carry the appeal to the supreme court? he asked. "I'm not making any announce- ment as to our .future action" snapped Dr. McCann. HAVE RIGHT TO APPEAL He added that his departmen! had been a party in the hear- ing before the tariff board. His department had the right if it so desired to carry an appeal from the tariff board's decision jto the exchequer court. Mr. Knowles: "Are you going "We may. I am NATO REPRESENTATIVE OTTAWA (CP) Maj. J. A. Berthiaume of St. Hyacinths, Que., will be boosted in rank to lieuten- ant-colonel next month and ap- pointed Canadian military repre- sentative to NATO army head- uarters at Paris, the army an- ounced Friday. The 38-year-old ficer is at present second in imrnand of the 2nd Battalion oyaf 22nd Regiment in Germany. Dr. not saying what we are going to do. We have the right to ap peal If we are not satisfiei we can appeal to the excheque. court and then to the supremi court." The member for Winnipe; North Centre ani said so. How could the matter b sub judice he wondered if court had made a decision and n complaints from importers .be-i {urther appeai had been mad' provided that where the market price of any- manufactured goods in the coun- try of export had, asthe result of the advance of the season, declined to levels that did not, in the opinion of-the minister, re- flect their normal price, the value for duty was to be determined by the minister. The new law stated that the value for duty shall be the amount determined by the mi- nister to be the average price, weighted, as tO: quantity at which the goods, or similar goods, were sold in -the country of export cause of delay or-unfair applica- tion of the valuation for duty purposes. Mr. Knowles asked if the dep- artment would know whether any importers; were from trying to import because of a fear of what might happen. Dr. McCann said: "No I emphasized that there is no one who, can determine how many importers have been deterred from making importations by reason of the application of this amendment (Bill Carl Nickle (PC Calgary South) said to the minister's statement we have the invoiced i price 'substantially increased and now subject to a still higher rate of duty, through the application of the anti-dumping provision." Dr. McCann replied: "The whole point I attempted to make in giving my figures was that the legislation of Decemoer has had some effect in bringing the price up to a level that would represent a; fair market value of the goods in question, as against the- dumping price. So we have a price of' as against what, you might, call the dumping price of WANTS LIST Mr. Nickle said "the , not the invoiced price of the item in the country of origin. It is the minister's appraised price for duty He suggested the house should have a 1st of the items with the actual invoic- ed price and appraised price. The minsiter said it would be He appealed to any one of th several lawyer MPs to give a: opinion on that fine legal poini Mr. Knowles dropped the ques There were no volunteers, tion of whether or not an appea was to be made asked Dr. Me Cann if the national revenue de partment was going to continu using lawyers from the justic department to argue its cases be fore the tariff board. The min' ster replied in the affirmativ The Winnipeg member sugge: ted it was unfair for the oppos te side in a case before the ta iff board, if the justice depar ment appeared on the scene r presenting the national reveni department and proceeded to shift the ground on which the revenue department had based its case. This happened in the mixed fruit case when the jus- tice department's, lawyer inform- ed the tariff board the revenue department's "peaches" ruling 762 SOUTH DRIVE, FORT GARRY OPEN DAILY, including Sunday 3 p.m, to 9 p.m., UNTIL AUG. 22nd In this beautiful, modern home rou'U find of dramatic nevr ideas for your own building or remodeling project. It's one of ten famous Trend Houses constructed across Canada to demonstrate the beauty, -versatility and practical adrantagei of Western Red Cedar and Pacific Hemlock Lumber, Douglas Fir- Plywood, Red Cedar Shingles and Sidewi.ll Shakes. Come during the week for the most leisurely riew. CANADA NO. 'N WHITE POTATOES FIELD pm m ff, RHUBARB 3 "'17 38 MORNING STAR EGGS Grade "B" In Cartons Dozen during a reasonable period, not a monumental task to compile onnVi a Iiof if exceeding six months, prior to the date of their export to Canada. CUSTOM INSTRUCTIONS Dr. McCann read into the re- cords given instructions which were to the customs officers" in an attempt to carry out the provisions of the Dec. 7, 1953, and Feb. 2B this year. He said he was sure that the MP's be interested in the re- sults of implementing the new law. While we can give some def- inite result, I would suggest that it is impossible for any one to determine to what extent imp- orters have been deterred from making importations into Cana- da of those goods so affected ;ber cause of the fact that they would not know, at that time just, what the amount of the invoice would be" he said. Dr. McCann added, 'Therefore I cannot say to what extent this has affected Importation. I simp- ly do not know and I suggest it is hard) for anyone to make an accurate estimate." He gave the: house a partial list of goods affected by the new legislation. It included printed piece gops, embossed cotton goods drapery fabrics drapes, shirting, denims, cordu- roy, synthetic' piece goods, up- holstery, floor coverings and plush fabrics. The minister cited import fig- uch. a list. However, he said, it might be possible to give the louse typical examples. He said he spread between the invoiced price and teh appraised price for duty purposes varied from item to item. He noted that the ex- ample for April he had given .he house .earlier showed a per- centage increase of about 10 per cent above the price at which simialr goods would have been invoiced in April a-year ago. Bridge Results 'Sir John Franklin Duplicate Bridge club results: North and South: 1. Mr. and Mrs. Root. Chatwln, 60.2; 2. H. RpMoxley, H. W. McGIynn, 60.2; 3. Dick Wilson, E..R. Miller, 59.3. East and West: I. Garnet Green, E. J. Hargot, 67.4; 2. Mrs. S. W. Leigh, Mrs. C. A. Steidl, 61.2; -3. Mr. and Mrs. J. Mc- Donald, 52.8. Mitchell tables. Winnipeg Bridge club. 7 table Howell: Jack Klein, Hi W. McGJynn, Marsch, Frank Baldwin, 61.3; Mrs. C. E. MacPherson, A. 59.8; Mrs. H. W. Mc- Glynn, Mrs. S. W. Leigh, 56.8. Constantine the Great was the first to pro- tect Christians and embrace Christianity. High Water Menacing Oak Point OAK POINT, Man. (Special) Waters from Lake Manitoba filling low lying lands in the Oak Point area have reached threatening proportions, covering scores acres of hay and graz- FREE 1 TIN FREE CLARK'S TOMATO SOUP WHEN YOU BUY 2 TINS AT REGULAR PRICE ing land. The situation is alarming to both stock and hay men in this district. Hay lands belonging to Einar B. Johnson are covered with lake water over an area two to three miles in length from north to south and a half mile wide. In some places the water is four feet deep. Mr. Johnson normally garners .tons of hay from these lands. He says he will consider himself fortunate if he is able to take off tons this year. There is :rio pasture here for his 300 head of cattle. Mr. John- son, is at present pasturing the animals on .high land east of the main highway. His son, Joe Johnson, has land leased for haying near that of his father. This land, a much smatler tract, is flooded also. Normally Mr. Johnson Jr. gets 20 tons off this land. This year he does not expect to cut any. A land tract, north Oak Point belonging to G. K. Breck- man is flooded likewise. He has customarily grazed 300 head of cattle there. Now there is graz- ing space for only "about 20, On farm, the Leonard Waterman near the marsh, lake waters are almost up to the house.. applies to .his neighbor, Paul O. Einarson, who ftrnu on leued land. ROSE BRAND MflRCflRINE LYNN VALLEY 15 OZ. PHCHES VEAL CHOPS STEWING VEAL 2-35 FRESH GROUND PORK a BEEF Ib. 43 PRICES EFFECTIVE MONDAY, JUNE 7th MAIN ST. AT LUXTON STORE OPEN TILL 9 TONIGHT SAFEWAY ;