Winnipeg Free Press Newspaper Archives Dec 18 1970, Page 26

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Winnipeg Free Press (Newspaper) - December 18, 1970, Winnipeg, Manitoba26 Winnipeg free press Friday december 18, 1970 defends heart surgery at the Start wart transplants were viewed by Many laymen As the answer to bodily ills. Now doctors Are debating whether they should continue such surgery. One of those who is optimistic about the future is Stanford s or. Norman e. Shumway who gives his views in the Fol lowing Story. By Leif Erickson Stanford Calif. A Stanford surgeon Norman e. Shumway says the key obstacle to heart transplant sur body s rejection of foreign being Over come. He predicts that a method of inducing tolerance for donor tissues will be discovered within the next 10 years. Shumway performed the heart transplant surgery on nine of the 23 surviving patients in the world total of 164 operations since or. Chris Titan n. Barnard did the first in Cape town South Africa on dec we Are learning so much with each said Shum Way in an interview in his cubbyhole office at Stanford medical Centre. We know we will learn much More in the 10 or More heart transplants we expect to perform in the next Shumway made his com ments at a time when debate is going on Over whether heart transplants should be continued. Or. Michael e. Debakey Houston surgeon says his experience with 12 patients has led him to conclude that transplants Are not acceptable curative two of the 12 patients have survived two years. Or. Denton a. Cooley an other Houston surgeon says there is a place for trans plants. It is just a question of whether the advantages out weigh the Cooley operated on 21 trans Plant patients All of whom have died. Of the 105 trans plants on 102 patients per formed in the United states 33 were done in Houston. Or. Ronald Ross of Lon Don s National heart Hospital who performed England s Only three heart transplants said he planned no More. I do not think there is any justification for going on at said Ross. He said a technique of bypass graft ing using veins from the patient s own leg made Many transplants unnecessary. Barnard concedes that heart transplant surgery has a bad name but predicts a Brilliant future for the procedure. In the next two or three years i think there will be an enormous upsurge in heart transplantation and with he said. I think that if you give a person two or three More years of life then the operation is jus looking to the Long Range future Shumway 46, predicted discovery within the next 10 years of induced Tolar Ance for donor two la Jolla Calif., re searchers recently reported isolating and purifying a donor Antigens which could trick a patient s body into accepting a donor Organ with out rejection reaction. Drs. Ralph a. Reisfeld and Michael Pellegrino of the Scripps clinic and research foundation said they expect to test their process in humans within a year. The work has been restricted to animals so far. Shumway acknowledged that the High mortality rate in heart transplants had discouraged Faith in their effectiveness around the world. The surgery continues on a regular basis Only at Stan Ford the longest surviving patient for Shumway and his Stanford team is Carl Schaeffer 56, a retired Ore gon plumber who got his new heart on oct. 26, 1968, and now is in his 26th month with the patient believed to have survived longest is Louis b. Russell Industrial arts teacher in Indianapolis. Rus sell s heart transplant was performed aug. 24, 1968. In Richmond a. By or. Rich Ard r. Lower a former col league of Shumway. The problem for heart transplant teams is walking a tight rope Between too Little and too much drug therapy to suppress the body s automatic rejection mechanism against the new heart Shum Way said. Administering drags to combat rejection makes the individual More open to infections diseases such As pneumonia Wood poisoning or hepatitis. Almost a heart transplant

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