Winnipeg Free Press Newspaper Archives Apr 9 1990, Page 24

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Winnipeg Free Press (Newspaper) - April 9, 1990, Winnipeg, Manitoba Y Gic 12 term no set Eutiss Winnipeg 7884040 Brandon 72m640 to Olhorn 18003921388 annual interest Rice Winnipeg free press april 1990 pages 2334 Philip business editor Wayne free press Dugald hog Fanner Bill Vanags estimates penalties leave him out each hog producers Trade troubles Cost pig Farmer Small Fortune by Larry Kusch Winnipeg free press Dugald Bill Vanags says that seven years of Trade troubles with the United states have depressed Canadian hog prices and Cost him a Small who owns a Large Grain and oilseed operation that employs 10 said since producers began to complain to their government in 1983 about Canadian hog and pork Canadian prices have suffered on the North american during that there have been countervail duties and threats of duties on Canadian hogs and pork by five years several led by South banned Canadian hogs because Canada still Manitoba pork production millions of hogs sent to Market 197889 source Manitoba pork Paul free press allowed the use of a drug called the which Canadian producers said was prompted More by protectionism than a concern for was later but not before severely disrupting live hog shipments from Manitoba the province most de pendent on Export Vanags said the continued Down Ward pressure on Canadian hog caused by the various american Trade has greatly increased traditional Price collected duty and he estimates that this has Cost him about on each hog Hes marketed since the Trade troubles began seven years on my particular farm that equates to about a he part of that loss has been made up through some of the subsidy programs that weve but certainly not to that amount i can assure probably not even 20 to 25 per cent of since the american govern ment has collected a duty which now stands at cents a kilogram on Canadian live hog last it also imposed a preliminary duty of cents per kilogram on Canadian who is chairman of Mani Toba pork formerly called the Manitoba hog producers Market ing finds this second countervail duty particularly Only four years the International Trade commission had decided in a 32 vote that Canadian pork exports did not cause the and exports to the were higher but after continued pressure from american pork the same five commissioners who had ruled in Canadas favor in 1985 reversed their appealing decision according to Vanags who As president of the Canadian pork Council has pleaded Canadas Case before american authorities Many times Over the past five years the commission decided that although it could not determine that the american Market had been Hurt by Canadian pork it was concerned about the possibility of future our concern is How can you pos Sibly find somebody guilty before it the alleged transgression has happened Vanags Canada is appealing the decision to a panel of the 97member Gener Al agreement on tariffs and Trade an International Trade ref As Well As to two working groups under the free Trade in the Canadian hog producers Are worried that the Commerce department might raise the pork duty to More than 20 cents a kilogram before the appeals Are see province Page Canada frying the fat Over pig exports Here is a chronology of the major events in the hog Trade dispute Between can Ada and the United d1984 after hearing complaints from american Farmers about Ca Nadian hog the United states Senate committee on finance directs the International Trade commission it Toines Ligate the relative competitiveness of the Canadian and hog Indus Canadian live hog exports make up about two per cent of the american Market at the d april 1985 the it decides that Canadian subsidies Are harm ing american it imposes an interim duty of cents a kilogram on Canadian pork and live d May 1985 South Dakota bans imports of hogs from countries that still allow the use of the Canadian hog producers cry claiming the state is using the ban As a no Tariff Trade Barrier to keep Canadian hogs out of the several states follow South Dakotas Lead and ban Canadian Issue is later resolved when Canadian exporters guarantee shipments to be free of the and Canada bans its d june 1985 Canadian hog producers argue against the imposition of countervail duties at hearings in d August 1985 the it imposes a permanent duty of cents per kilogram on live but lifts the duty on chilled and Frozen o August 1987 the court of International Trade in new York orders a review of the penalty imposed in 1985 on Canadian live hog d december 1988 the com Merce after conduct ing a review of the duty charged on Canadian live hog shipments from april 1985 to March slashes the Levy in Canadian producers receive a As a result of the Commerce depart ment the Canadian pork Council says it will push for a review of duties collected from 1986 d january 1989 Couter Vail duty on live hogs is reduced to cents a kilogram from Dahav 1989 the depart ment of Commerce decides to impose a preliminary countervail duty on imports of Canadian claiming that subsidies to Canadian producers Are giving Canadian processors an unfair Trade Canadian hog producers Are outraged by the Deci and Canadian processors flatly deny that they Are indirectly helped by subsidies to the duty is to take effect in o August International Trade commission rules that Canadian exports of chilled and Frozen pork Are causing or threatening to cause injury to the pork the ruling sup ports the duty imposed by the department of Bill chairman of the Canadian pork which represents the country hog vows to fight the o september 1989 provincial hog in consultation with the Canadian pork decide to Start up a contingency fund to be applied against an anticipated in crease in the countervail duty on producers fear the duty could be raised retroactive to its imposition As High As 24 cents a the amount collected per hog for the contingency fund varies from province to in producers Are assessed per Market the hog boards Start the fund to pay the duty rather than let Canadian processors pay it because they fear the processors will use the anticipated increase As an excuse to lower the Price they pay on All Canadian hogs and not just those destined to be slaughtered and processed for the d summer 1989 the four West Ern provincial hog boards decide to calculate the level of subsidies producers receive from their gov d March 1990 Vanags estimates Canadian hog producers have spent More than million in Legal and lobbying expenses to fight Trade actions on live hog and pork shipments to the United states since claims Canadian subsidies hurting hog Manitoba orc anniversary Salute to the Industry foundation Manitoba pork producers Manitoba produces High Quality pork products and Manitoba works priority is to develop and implement strategies to meet the challenges of both Domestic and International Ihbe province is ideally situated for pork production and contains All of the needed ingredients for future Manitoba producers have doubled production in the 80s and look Forward to the Challenge of the Manitoba pork is the single desk Selling Agency representing Manitoba 3000 pork in honour of our 25th we proudly Salute the people behind our product Manitoba pork producers who invite you to enjoy their

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