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Western Christian Advocate (Newspaper) - February 10, 1875, Cincinnati, OhioT i Illus vol. . 6.Cincinnati, wednesday february 10, 1875. Whole no. 2,229. Thew3sism Christias as7csats, published we Skly it the Western methodist Book concern Hitchcock a Walden agents. Frangis s. Hoyt d. D., editor. E. House m. A., assistant editor. Office 190 Wear fourth Street Cincinnati of terms two dollars and fifty cents feb annul or . Ail itinerant preachers Are authorized Amenta. Sates of Advertis lire. Per nonpareil line 8lneje insertion .25 cent per line continued three months,.20 a m 8ix montha.-.15 a a m Ftp Acial notices -.-.30 a a m marriage notices. -.-.50 cents 1 Noeth pole expeditions. By professor pm. Wells. It is quite an interesting circumstance that when other nations had about exhausted themselves in the Endeavor to find a passage and Access to the North pole the germans took the matter up and by their persistency and partial Success have inspired new life in regard to these enterprises and again started the nations off in a rival race after the discovery of this much coveted Point. All this has been mainly due to Petermann one of the most remarkable men of the age. He sits in his quiet geographical Cabinet at Gotha and there receives the earliest and most reliable information from All explorers in this Field he studies the matter out with scientific and philosophical accuracy thinks out his theories according to the Light of science and experience lays out his plans for expeditions stirs up the whole German nation to an Active interest in the matter thus succeeds in obtaining Means and enlisting men and then starts off expedition after expedition while he remains on guard at Home to watch All and every interest concerning them. His theory has always been a northeastern rather than a North Western passage to the pole and this idea has Given direction to the labors of the germans in this line. The first expedition started in 1868, in a Little vessel of sixty tons for the East coast of Greenland. The ice prevented an approach to this coast when it went to Spitsbergen and explored the Waters South of that Island. The following year two explorers accompanied some Bremen whalers bound for the North Eastern seas Dorst reached the seventy ninth degree North in the sea of Greenland while Bessel attained the Eightieth degree on the North Western coast of Spitsbergen. The information brought by these explorers strengthened Peter Mann in his opinion As to the North East and the following year the second German Polar expedition left Bremen with two vessels the Germania and the Hama with orders to make the Eastern coast of Greenland the basis of operations. In a few months the Llansa was crushed by the inc and the Crew after fearful sufferings on the ice floes reached Copenhagen. The Germania was held fast for a time in the ice on the coast of Greenland in latitude seventy five but finally escaped and reached Bremen again after an absence of about four Hundred and fifty Days. The most important information gained on this expedition was that by payer an austrian officer used to scaling Alpine Heights who led a number of heroic and successful attacks on the great ice peaks which made Bis reports among the most interesting Ever Given of these regions. And again even before this expedition had returned Petermann succeeded in starting off another to the East coast of Spitsbergen with the renowned african traveler Heuglin As the chief character. They explored the unknown seas on the North East coast of Siberia and reached Nova Zembala but Early in the fall were driven Back by the accumulating ice. But this absence of Brilliant Success did not discourage the Man in Gotha who was continually receiving and digesting every thing new regarding the expeditions of England America Russia and Norway. In 1871, the two austrian officers Wey Precht and payer were started off by him in a Little vessel of Twenty tons with seven men As a Crew to reconnoitre the sea East of Spitsbergen. These Waters had never been seen higher than 74� 2 a and the English navigators asserted that it was possible on account of Ioe to go farther North. The germans with their Little Craft reached 78� 43, and opened up a sea hitherto supposed to be a navigable. This gave new life and new direction to the expeditions and their entire voyage was accomplished Between j Une and october. They found a comparatively open sea with evidences of vegetable accumulations from the Gulf Stream on the West coast of Nova Zembala. These surprisingly favourable results encouraged Petermann in his theory of an open North East passage to the pole and a warm current from the Gulf Stream. And now with the help of some noblemen he Buo needed in starting off the Teg Etthof under payer and Weyprecht provided with boats and sleds and All the most desirable appliances for a thorough expedition with a Crew mainly of austrians and with Tirolese Mountain climbers to do valiant duty on land should they find any and with a Large Stock of provision and Coal to be deposited in store on the East coast of Nova Zembala. One of their patrons count Wilczek accompanied them As far As bears Island and Thenee returned on the 21st of August 1872. And from that time All tidings of them ceased. Months and years rolled on but not a whisper came from them or about them. Friends gave them up As lost. In England it was proposed to fit out an expedition to go in search of them when at last the Telegraph brought the Joyful news from Tromson on the Northern coast of Norway that the bold Polar travellers after the most cruel hardships and exertions had reached the continent on their Way Home with nothing but their lives. The German nation went into ecstasies to think that the Noble Fellows were Safe and were proud to the highest degree at the account of their bold explorations and interesting discoveries. They could scarcely get Home for the demonstrations made at every station where they stopped but when they had finally arrived there and the people were ready for a sober second thought their Story was thus told their vessel was caught in the ice and held there in imminent danger of being crushed for Many months and during a fearful night of six months. During this period it was carried North and the following summer they discovered land As High As 82� North. But immediately the Polar Winter again set in and they were not Able to leave the ship to explore it until the Spring of 1874. They then determined to leave the ship for this purpose although in the mean time it was Likely to be carried off by the ice and leave them to their Graves. By heroic Effort they reached a Point within about seven degrees of the pole and from the Heights sent their lodging eyes still a degree farther North thus treading and seeing land farther to the North East than had Ever been discovered before. This newly discovered land lies on the dividing line Between Europe and Asia and they named it after their Sovereign. They believe the land extends still farther North and then reaches an open Polar sea and above All they believe in a North East rather than a North West passage to the pole thus sustaining the theories of their great Patron Petermann. This Success has inspired the germans to still greater exertions and has also fired the hearts of other nations so that again we Are Likely to have a mania for North pole expeditions. Germany intends to Plant its Flag if possible on the North pole the first and by its favorite passage and the leaders of this expedition Are now its models As scientific explorers and heroes in their fierce conflict with hostile regions and unfriendly correspondence. By Ray. H. H. Lowry. 41 any thing to do for China must be done Why because of the magnitude and importance of the work to be done the shortness of the time of our responsibility to do what we can and vote can not transmit this responsibility to another. In obedience to the great command to disciple All nations the Church has undertaken the evangelization of China. This task May look very differently to persons five thousand Miles Distant than it does to those who Are immediately confronted by the difficulties to be overcome. It is probably very Gratifying to the Church and consoling to the consciences of those who Are seeking an excuse for withholding their Means to be told that the Battle is now nearly Over that in a few years the native churches can look after their own interests and if the foreign missionary Force ought not for the present be diminished it need not be increased. And it is very certain that none would More gladly Hail such a state of things than the missionary. It is the dream of his life the most pleasing vision of his imagination. H is Faith pictures the time when these hamlets shall ring with alleluia is to the lord the Day when these idol temples shall be changed to places of True worship when the idols shall be thrown to the moles and the bats when none need say to his neighbor,41 know be the lord a for All shall know him from the least even unto the greatest. But these visions do not Blind him to the sober realities before him his Faith in the final Triumph does not make him heedless of the work of the present. Christian missions Are confronted by forces in China As powerful As were Ever arrayed against the truth and it is to the Good of nobody that they be ignored. Prominent among these forces Are Bud Hisni Taoism mohammedanism and confucianism. And it is unfair and untrue to fact to say that any one of them has Ever been seriously shaken in this Empire by the Power of christianity. If either of them does not possess As much influence As formerly it is attributable to internal and political causes. Buddhism in other Days when patronized by the government was a greater Power than it is to Day but this fact does not make it any More accessible to the truths of the gospel. If its Power has been diminished to any appreciable extent it is not because of any approximation or any desire to accept christianity. Pass from the Borders of Mongolia to Burmah from the Ocean to Tibet and in every picturesque spot among the Hills beside All streams along All roads in every Village town and City temples and shrines almost innumerable abound Many it is True indicating by the decaying images that the Days of their Prosperity Are gone but Many also Bright and new bearing evidence that they do not Lack for those who Are willing to keep up the appearances of religion. The seeming indifference of the chinese is not from unbelief. When in difficulty or distress their ready Refuge is the priests and temples. Buddhism Oan hardly be said to have lost its Long exerted influence. A Home in Florida. By Rev. A Nix. 9. 8pkncr. In a former letter we dwelt at length on the climate of Florida. I would now Call attention to the political financial agricultural and horticultural features of the state. This paper is written in answer to Many private letters of inquiry coming from the Northern and Western states. Our political status. Florida enjoys peace and quiet with Contentment and a Good degree of Prosperity in every department of state government. For the last twelve months tre Laws have been obeyed and in the language of governor steam a message 44 Well the election of last november was passed with unprecedented order and quiet and nearly All admit that a free and full expression of the Peoples will was enjoyed. We have not Learned of one single collision at the polls Between parties or races. Freedom of political opinion and action has been accorded to the taoists Are the great geomancer of China and their Power is Felt in any attempt to buy or build a House dig a grave or Bury a relative sink a Well or erect a Wall open a shop or Start on a journey. Their influence affects Trade and every relation of social life. Not Only do nations feel its Power but missionaries and merchants Diplomatist and sailors Are All hindered in their business by their absurd and superstitious notions of Luck. Missionaries have Given up their premises or suffered their houses to be pulled Down merchants have abandoned their cherished schemes to facilitate Trade and the introduction of machinery telegraphs and railroads in obedience to their Laws of Feng Shui. A Little observation is necessary to convince one that Taoism has not lost its Long exerted influence. As to mohammedanism its political Power in the Empire has been broken by Force of arms with which christianity has had nothing to do. The Mohammedan rebellion in the North West provinces which has annoyed the government for so Many years has recently been quelled. But As to any influence that the gospel does now or has in the past exerted upon mohammedanism in China it is so slight that none but an enthusiast could distinguish it. While they Are the most Friendly disposed of any class we meet in our missionary Tours sympathizing with us in so far As we worship one god they Are at the same time the most hopeless class in China to convince of the divinity and Messiah ship of Jesus. As a moral Force their influence is neither broken or powerless but greater and More rapidly increasing than Ever before. Confucianism has such a hold upon the official and literary classes and indeed upon the entire nation that it is in Little immediate danger from christianity. Two great desires consume the entire intellect Ual life of the nation office and Money and As official corruption has been reduced to such an exact science these terms Are nearly synonymous. A Man might As Well attempt to Olimb to the Moon As to expect official preferment Independent of the doctrines of confucius. A chinese official must be conservative. Let him show signs of radicalism or Independent thought and his career is summarily closed. These great Powers either singly or combined present obstacles of no trifling importance to the Progress of missions which must be resisted and overcome but besides these there is the opposition of natures Long inured to sinful abominations of a people whose consciences have been seared and whose moral sense seems entirely destroyed. A greater or More Sublime task has never been undertaken by men than is now before the Church in bringing the millions of this Empire under the influence of the truths of the gospel and nothing but the most unswerving Faith and a remitted Effort will Ever witness its accomplishment. And there could be no greater mistake than to give the Church an idea that work is nearly finished. A fair beginning has been made but Only a beginning. Not one of the great strongholds of satan has fallen. Along the coast and at several Points on tie Yangtze an impression has been made and about ten thousand converts enrolled but nine of the eighteen provinces Are entirely without missionaries or converts. The missionary May indeed travel throughout the limits of the Empire with perfect safety but this is no indication that the 44 four Hundred millions of China Are turning to it does show however a mo3t encouraging feature namely that by the removal of restrictions to travel and Intercourse with the people the nation is open and our opportunities for labor Are limited Only by our Powers of endurance but no one can in sober earnestness attribute the Mere curiosity of the people to see and hear a foreigner to a desire on their part to turn to Christ. Of the Twenty five Hundred native methodists and eighty native preachers with the exception of less than one Hundred they Are All confined to one District of five millions of people and their influence Oan not be Felt nor their labors utilized at Kiu Kiang peking or Canton. While we express our gratefulness for the blessings that have attended oar labors let us not magnify these successes into Complete Victory. There is less danger of disheartening the Church by a truthful statement of the overwhelming magnitude of the task before her than in or eating a feeling of easy indifference by assurances that the work so far at least As foreign responsibility is concerned is nearly done. Peking november 1874. All alike and mutually recognized As essential to a free government. Equal civil and political rights Are denied to none and a most cordial Good will prevails among both rates. We desire none neither do we need any congressional enactments or military interference to secure to any or to All equal rights under the Constitution. The citizens of Florida Are Loyal to the government. Their hearts Are possessed of a Broad and Earnest patriotism. We doubt if any state in the Union has a More Loyal and patriotic citizenship than Florida. State finances. The finances of the state like that of on sister Southern states Are not what we could desire yet More prosperous than at any time since the War. The entire state debt is less than one and a half million dollars. During the past two years the state has not Only paid promptly the to rued interest on the entire state debt but has actually reduced the principal in the sum of Many thousand dollars. The Railroad Bond debt issued in 1870 in behalf of the Jacksonville Pensacola and Mobile Railroad has caused seme anxiety that is now almost entirely removed the state having recently taken mortgage on the entire extent of the Road which is Security amply sufficient to protect her Bonds hence these Bonds Are not now considered As a part of the state debt. The governor in his annual message distinctly sets Forth this fact that 44 the state is fully agricultural. The prevailing impression that Florida lands Are swampy and worthless is entirely erroneous. The Mere excursion is passing through the state and unfamiliar with a sub tropical country would say,141 never saw so much Good for nothing the lands of the state Are usually classified into Hummock Pine and swamp. The Hummock is unusually Rich and productive and is found in every part of the state generally composed of Rich Earth mixed with Marine shells. The Low Hummock is the most Fertile Aud before the War Many Fine sugar plantations were seated on them. The High Hummock is considered the Best tillable land in the state and their Fertility is really wonderful. The land never wears out. There Are two classes of Pine lands. The fir3t-rate class is usually covered with pitch and yellow Pine. The soil is mostly of a dark vegetable Mold under which lies a chocolate coloured Sandy Loam often mixed with Limestone pebbles and resting on a substratum of Marl. The second rate Pine lands Are valueless exit Fie for pasturage unless they Are re enforced with Good fertilizers when they become quite productive. The poorest lands of the state have been found admirably adapted to the growth of hemp and give a Good income from the naval stores which is obtained from the Pine Trees Jbf the same process that sugar is obtained from the Tinaple tree. Throughout these Pine lands however there Are hummocks of every size varying from a few acres to tracts of five to ten thousand. These Are wonderfully Rich and persons wishing to cultivate them can choose their residence on the higher Pine lands where it is always healthy and free from malarial diseases and spend Only the working hour among the hummocks. The swamp lands Are very Rich and in Many places easily drained. They Are of an alluvial formation and very durable. Some astonishing results have been obtained in the last year or two in these swamps. Four Hogsheads of sugar to the acre were produced near Smyrna East Florida. In Texas and Louisiana Cane planters Are compelled to Cut their Cane in october because of Early Frost in Florida it May stand until the first of january unharmed. Before the War Cotton was the Staple but now a greater variety of production is the Rule. Indian Corn will grow throughout the state and produce from thirty to sixty bushels per Aore. Sugar Cane and oranges Are the great Hope of the Commonwealth. Rice Oats Irish and Sweet potatoes All do Well. The finest Sweet potatoes we Ever saw or ate grew Here almost without labor. For vegetables and water melons no place is equal to Florida. Three Oropsa Are usually raised from the same piece of land annually. Thus we reason that this is the place for the poor Man As Well As the afflicted one. Fruit growing. The perfect fitness of Florida for the growth of tropical and Semi tropical fruits is wonderful. Not Only do the Orange the Lemon the Lime and the Citron flourish Here but the peach the grape the Fig the pomegranate the banana the Plum the Pine Apple and All varieties of berries grow luxuriantly. Of the grapes the Black Hamburg and White Muscat fruit finely in the open air the Oon Oord and scupper Nong Are grown in vast quantities. The latter grape is indigenous to the soil is prolific and delicious making the richest of wines. The culture of oranges is destined to be one of the prime industries of the state. The native 44 crackers a of the poorer class who might make fortunes by turning their attention to it Are so indolent Lazy they refuse to do any thing but fish and Hunt As a general Rule. Very Little capital is needed for the starting of an Orange Grove and the rewards of a successful one Are very great. A Good tree will Bear an annual crop of from one to three thousand oranges. Oranges sell readily at the Groves for Twenty dollars to thirty dollars per thousand. Many Northern men have already Home to our state and Are successfully employed in raising oranges and other fruits. The fruit growers convention for the state is now in session in this oily. Almost every county in the state is represented and an unusual interest manifested in All their proceedings. The Price of lands depends very much upon the location and improvements. Unimproved lands can be obtained for from two to ten dollars per acre improved lands from five to fifty dollars per acre. An Orange Grove of five acres in full bearing is Worth from Twenty to thirty thousand dollars. Real estate at present is exceedingly Low and taking into consideration the climate it is certainly the cheapest and Best place to locate on the continent. In my next i will give you a sketch of the religious and educational situation. Jacksonville fla., january 2cuh. Santa Barbara California. By by. Stephen Bowers a. M. Santa Barbara the county seat of Santa Barbara county is located on the sea Shore three Hundred Miles South of san Frano Isoo and a Little less than two Hundred Miles from the mexican line. For climate Fertility of soil and for Healthfulness it is probably unsurpassed. We presume we Are entirely Safe in saying that it can not be duplicated of this or any other coast. A Chain of islands from Twenty five to forty Miles South of us modifies the coast winds while the Peculiar contour of the mountains near us give us an almost perpetual Palm. The town contains about five thousand inhabitants one fourth of whom Are natives indians and Spanish. The White population Are nearly All recently from 4�?~ the which makes this like an Eastern town set Down in this genial climate. Unlike most California towns the streets Are spacious and Laid out at right angles. The situation is very Fine gently sloping from the North end of the town to the Beach giving it the advantage of of natural drainage. The business houses and Public buildings Are nearly All of Brick As Well As Many of the residences. Some of these Are imposing structures. For several Miles Down the coast we have Fine agricultural lands under Good state of cultivation. A Valley from two to five Miles wide extends in a northerly direction near the coast for fifty or sixty Miles. On these lands nearly every thing grown in Ohio and Indiana seem to find their special adaptation while Semi tropical fruits of All kinds abound. Wheat yields from forty to sixty bushels to the acre Corn from fifty to one Hundred bushels Barley Oats Etc., in proportion. After the first crop of wheat is secured a Nhin a crop is produced w yields from Twenty the acre. A Barley Field near town is now growing the fourth crop in this Way not having been sowed for four years. Vegetables of All kinds do Well. Beets reach one Hundred and fifty pounds in weight squashes one Hundred and fifty pounds. But i consider this part of California better adapted to horticulture. Here the most ardent Florist and Horticulturist Oan have the desire of his heart satisfied. I have seen the Cape Jessimine from the East indies gravel a from Africa acacia and eucalyptus from Australia Cypress from China Cedar from Lebanon Palm and Tea from Japan Myrtle and Yew from England Pine from Pacific Isles dragon and Magnolia Palm from India Juniper from Italy India rubber and Pepper Trees from South America growing Side by Side with the Orange Lemon Lime Citron Shaddock peach Apricot nectarine quince Palm Fig Apple Pear nature Black and English walnuts Almond Olive Chestnut eto., Etc. And Flowers which As far Excel those grown with you As our mountains Excel in grandeur the Hills around Cincinnati Bloom All the year. At this time Almond and other fruit Trees Are in Bloom. This town has been denominated the sanitarium of the Pacific coast and deservedly too. A few Miles out at sea the surface of the water is covered with Petroleum which is thought to contribute to the Healthfulness of this Region. The Santa Inez mountains East and North of us Rise to the height of four thousand feet the summits of the nearest Are about ten Miles Distant though they seem much nearer and every thing seems to conspire to make this one of the most healthy and desirable spots on the continent. Generally the sea coast is unfavourable for consumptive predispositions but this is an exception. It is highly recommended by physicians for pulmonary diseases in their incipient stages. But i wish to state now and Here that it is Folly for persons to come Here after they have exhausted All remedies at Home. If when first threatened with consumption they will resort to this climate they May become in Many instances permanently cured and in All oases the lease of life will de extended but not so when they wait until its last stages. Some Are so reduced that they die within a week after Landing Here. Why leave Home and friends to come Here to die among strangers ? our Beach is very favourable for surf bathing and is resorted to by All classes. Bathhouses Are built along the Shore where hot or cold Saline Baths can be had at trifling expense. Six Miles from town Are located the famous hot Sulphur Springs. Their curative properties Are remarkable. Senator Morton spent a part of november and december at these Springs leaving Here in better health than he has known for years. It is believed he would have been entirely restored if he would have remained during the Winter months. He expects to return at an Early Day. Judge Gresham of Indiana is spending the Winter Here and is much improved in health. One cause of this place being so favourable for invalids is in the fact that nearly All the time can be spent ont doors. The temperature is very even never Celd never hot. Days sunshiny and pleasant nights tool and refreshing never sultry but a Blanket needed the year round. Atmosphere bracing and not enervating As in Southern states. Good land Sells from Twenty five to one Hundred dollars per Aore. A Fine Opportunity just now for paying investments. Senator Morton said to the writer just on the eve of departure for Washington 44 the people East know almost nothing of this place. In a few years it will be like a suburb beginning at Point Conception sixty Miles above Santa Barbara and extending one Hundred Miles Down the there Are five protestant can roses in Santa Barbara methodist presbyterian congregational Baptist and episcopal a and two Romish. Besides Public and private schools the Santa Barbara College is a first class institution where All the branches of learning usually taught in colleges May be pursued. It is an attractive edifice and its curriculum All that Oan be desired. But my letter already exceeds the allotted space to correspondents. January 22,1875.preaching without n0te8. Rev. R. S. Storrs congregationalist of Brooklyn new York has undertaken to Tell How the habit of extemporaneous speaking is to be acquired. In a recent lecture reported by one of our new York exchanges we have the following 1. The physical vigor mu3t be kept at its highest attainable Point. This May be going Back rather far but it is the underpinning. The intellect is always in its Best working order when the physical vigor is at its highest Point. Health is the be plate upon which the whole mental machinery must stand. Without it your work must be done with the Donkey engine. The judgment the whole of the creative imagination the faculty of presenting thought in Clear forms of speech is a Power that depends upon health. The fancy it is True May be vivid when the body is Siok and the memory May Woik abnormally. These Are special faculties. But the general judgment the analysis of subjects and urging them with emphasis on the people requires vigor health and strength. If this element is wanting the Man works by jerks and spasms and not with harmonious Energy. Strength is necessary for a Good delivery a Man speak not with a it carries men by its Efflux Sion is Felt. Websters physique made m words appear so weighty that a Farmer once hearing him remarked that he did not say very much but every word weighed a Pound. 2. Be very sure to keep your mind in a state of alertness and Energy so that the subject May be handled with Success. Keep the mind at its highest Point of Foroe. A Story is told of or. Cox who while walking with a Young lady to Church in new Haven one sunday evening was asked 44 or. Cox is it True that you often go to Church without knowing the subject you will speak upon a 44 it is and i have no text for this evening. Can not you suggest one a was the doctors reply. 44 How will the verse do beginning,4 the lord spake unto mose9 and Aaron a a continued the Young lady. 441 will take it a replied or. Cox,44 for this is the subject of revelation of Many a sin and error. God has Given us a revelation of his knowledge and Power a revelation by words by prophets by the coming of the holy ghost inspiring the apostles and other events related in the Bible. Then follows the great lesson of Wisdom and the Grace of god in giving it and the glory of that state where no revelation will be needed where All should be gathered around the throne of the father in heaven a thought the doctor. That was the Sermon. If his mind had not been full of Light a suggestion from another would not have resulted As it did. It was a most powerful and extraordinary Sermon peculiarly adapted to the scepticism of Yale College during that period. So the smallest suggestion May sometimes bring to the mind vast thoughts immediately elaborated and presented. Now How do you keep the mind in this state a by rapid Reading. Our Reading is Lazy indolent self indulgent. By Reading attentively studiously rapidly you give Page to the mind. There is great virtue in it. 6 read widely. Choose works on Art science history metaphysics. not read too exclusively on theology lest it should appear distorted and Dis Dolored As if looked at through a Microscope. I except works of fiction for they act As an Anaesthetic or a laxative rather than As an inv Gorant. If you read fiction at All do it in vacation and not when hard at work and choose Only the masters Thackeray Bulwer Dickens Scott. Let the great Herd go. Never read to the Point of weariness. Absorb assimilate what you Oan. Done to try to memorize. A exercise your conversational Powers. Talk with minds of the same Power and vigor As your own. Singing in a parlor prepares you to sing in a Publio Hall. Shooting an air gun to ten paces helps you to shoot a Rifle at one Hundred paces. A similar relation does conversation hold to Publio speaking. A variety of work will help within reasonable limits. It keeps the mind ready for exertion. With the mind in this state a Man Oan preach. The thoughts cd me so fast that you have Only to open and shut your jaw9 to let the words come out As a minister Onoe said. The reserved forces then come into play. 3. Be careful that the plan of your Sermon is simple progressive easily mastered and imbedded in your mind. The re collective forces Are to be held in abeyance and the aggressive forces to have full Sway. The More you try to recollect the less effective will your Sermon be. Let one Point naturally Lead into another so that when you have finished one Point you May be landed in front of the next. A Safe investment. No age Noy tonne noted with our Church movement promises so Large a return proportionate to the expedit Newm that of the freedmen said society. The crying need for the prosecution of this Enterprise is Money and in Many localities unless this want is supplied an abandonment of the work will necessarily ensue. The following letter from one of or. Rusts teachers at la Grange ga., is an instance in Point and where immediate pecuniary Aid is imperatively demanded for the continuance of the work. Let the Church take this Agency to its heart in Christian love and liberality and furnish the Means required Rev. Or. Rust a the Progress of this school during the past months has been very disheartening and paralysing. The attendance has greatly diminished owing to the poverty of our people. I began this month with Only Twenty seven pupils but Hope with Aid from the North to be Able to greatly increase this number before the month doses. We have a Large sunday school our membership being Over three Hundred. It is full of Promise and interest and will compare favourably with the average Eastern White schools. The freedmen Here Are mostly industrious orderly and ambitious and under favourable circumstances would Rise to an elevated plane of intelligence and usefulness. Owing to the dreadfully hard times but Little advancement can be made. Many Are absolutely suffering for the necessities of life and All Are driven to great Straits to live comfortably yes even barely to exist. I apprehend even Darker times and when desolation and despair will Lay waste our land and scatter our people As straws before the wind. There is indeed great destitution this year for the whole Region is in a rained state and every thing that hath breath cries out bitterly in distress. The freedmen Are leaving Here in Large num Bers we shall lose at least one Hundred of ust the time Hahn one for the methodist Church to act or i shall be compelled to shut up the school and come North for a livelihood. I labor night and Day live shut out from All White society my life in continual peril my food the poorest imaginable and i shall soon from sheer necessity abandon the Field. Will the methodist Church leave me to perish for want of bread to say nothing of Means to carry on this educational work this is a land of darkness and degradation but gods word in the hands of deeply pious men can redeem it for Christ and thus save a people from untold evils. May god awake the Chyroh from its lethargy and impress it with convictions of its duty of immediate action 1 h. R. religious. A Oakland cal., has a presbyterian sunday school with one Hundred and forty three chinese pupils. A or. Jaggar accepts the Bishopric of the Southern Ohio diocese giving up a salary of $8,000 for one of $4,000. A Bishop Huntingdon of Central new York thinks the fact that the Indian race is dying out sufficient reason Why every Effort should be made to civilize and convert it. A or. Furness the unitarian divine of Philadelphia has preached in that City fifty years. He is new nearly eighty years but his discourses Are said to be remarkable for their vigor of thought and the elegance of their style. A the Young menus Christian association by delegation visited Montezuma and held meetings in the place. Reports to february 4th, state that As a result an excellent revival is now in Progress Over thirty five con versions having taken place. The largest Church in the town will not hold the crowds that throng for admittance. A the episcopal diocese in convention february 4th, at Chicago elected Rev. Or. James de Koven Bishop of the diocese of Illinois by the following vote 39 for de Koven 27 for lies Lay vote 31 for de Koven 28 against. The Bishop elect was born in Middletown conn., in 1831, and is reported to be the highest of High churchmen. A the reformed Church dutch complains that its receipts especially for missionary purposes have fallen off alarmingly the receipts for december being smaller than were even known before. The cause is the were every Nown Detore. The cause is the panic. When men begin to economize they Seldom select their luxuries or their pastimes. They begin with a religious newspaper the rental of their pews and donations. A miss Mary Hillhouse of new Haven left to her pastor the Rev. Or. Harwood of Trinity Church it a legacy of $25,0o0, which was paid soi4.e flt or weeks since. On thursday january la the the parishioners of the Rev. W. G. Andrews of the Church of the ascension of the same City waited upon him with a handsome addition to his Library and a Large gift in Money. A Lent begins thl year on the 10th of february much earlier than during any year since 1869. This will bring the festival of easter this year on the 26th of March which is within six Days of the earliest period upon which it can possibly occur. Easter in some years Falls As late As the 26th of april. As Many a nine sundays some years intervene Between Epiphany and aah wednesday but this year Only five sundays occur bet Wenix Epiphany and Lent. \ _ a _ m

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