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Washington Post, The (Newspaper) - July 20, 1913, Washington, District Of Columbia fjf X THE WASHINGTON POST: SUNDAY, JULY 20, 1913. WHY CRIME DOES NOT PAY Bank Burglars Who Disguised Themselves as Policemen, and Other Ingenious Schemes Used by Thieves in Bold Attempts to Get Plunder NO honest man can accumulate a million dollars without constant Industry, self-denial, persever- ance and ability The Bame is true of the pro- fewlonal criminal. In addition, he must possess ingenuity, tact, and resourceful- ness ot a high order. In, the course of these articles I have mentioned a number of professional crhn- inals who, In the course of their careers, obtained more than apiece. Al- though these men accumulated vast for- tunes, there was not a single one of them who really derived any lasting benefit out ot his ill-gotten gains. Many of them spent a large portion of their lives. In jail. Behind prison walls, their buried loot availed them nothing. Others dissi- pated their fortunes almost as rapidly as they made them, and their last years' were spent In poverty. Some of them died violent deaths. Yet every one ot these men, as I have Intimated, possessed valuable qualities which, had they been put to a legitimate use, would undoubtedly have brought them wealth without any of the .penalties Incident to a. life of crime Lining hon- estly they might not have accumulated millions, but their skill. Ingenuity, and perseverance would undoubtedly have netted them large incomes, and they might have enjoyed the ptace of mind -which none but the law-abiding can know. Evidences of Great Skill. Without the ability which these men possessed, it would he useless for any one to hope to achieve the "success" which attended their criminal operations. But any one possessing their ability would be most to attempt to follow In thplr footsteps when their ca- reers have so clearly demonstrated that crime cannot 'Whereas, if properly applied, such ability must inevitably bring saccess Today I intend to give you some idea of the skill and resourcefulness these men possessed by referring In detail to some of their more remarkable exploits. In the course of a criminal career, cov- ering some 40 years, Harry Raymond, all- round burglar, committed several hun- dred Important burglaries. It was he who stole the famous Gainsborough painting, as I have previously related. The magni- tude of his crimes will be Indicated by the fact that his booty aggregated be- tween and Yet despite the number and Importance of this man's offenses, he was caught only once in the 40 years, and then through the careless- ness of an accomplice No better proof of the Judgment and resourcefulness of a professional criminal could be presented than such a record as that Getting Impressions of Keys. His robbery of the Cape Town post- office will Illustrate this point more con- cretely. His flrst step was to cultivate the friendship of the postmaster of the Cape Town postofflce He went at it very sjs- tematically and patiently, but at the end of two or three months he had made such progress that he readily found an oppor- tunity to get temporary possession of the postofflce keys. That was all that was necessary. He made a wax Impression of them and put the back without arousing any suspicion. His next step was to prepare threer par- cels addressed to himself and mailed them by registered mail from out of town. He came. In on the same train with the pack- ages. He waited until the registered mail sacks had been delivered to the postmas- ter and locked up for the night, and then just as his friend the postmaster was leaving for the day he stepped hurriedly into the postofflce and explained that it was of great importance for him to get that night certain packages We understood were arriving by that day's registered mail. The postmaster readily consented, and went back into the office with the burglar. He opened the safe and ascer- tained that the packages Raymond had described were there, and while he was making certain entries in his hook Ray- mond succeeded in making wax impres- sion's of the keys to the safe. Raymond now had wax impressions of the keys to the postofflce Itseif and of the Ijeys to the safe in which the registered mail and other valuables were kept. Mak- ing the fieys from the Impressions was not a very difficult task, although it re- quired many subsequent visits to the postofflce and the exercise of a considera- ble amount of patience before the keys were properly fitted. Then Raymond waited for the diamonds to come from the mines, his plan to get j them into the postofflce safe having been I very carefully thought out. Gets Half a Million in Diamonds, At one stage of the trip the diamond coach had to make it was necessary for it to cross a river. This was accomplished by means of a ferry which was operated by a wine rope cable. Raymond decided to spoil this plan. Before the coach ar- rived at the ferry, he succeeded in sever- ing the wire cable. There was a strong current running and the ferryboat natu- rally drifted down the stream. When the coach arrived at the river, there was no ferryboat to take It across and there was no other means of fording the stream The schedule of the coach had been arranged so that It would reach the docks just in time to catch the steamer tor England. The delay at the river resulted, as Raymond had known it would, in the coach missing the steamer, and the next steamer wouldn't sail for a week. In the meanwhile, the diamonds were deposited in the postofflce safe. It was an easy matter for Raymond to get into the postofflce the following night, and the keys he had made gave him ac- cess to the safe. The diamonds and other valuables he had planned so cleverly to get were, worth He abstracted them all and buried them. Instead of fleeing the country with his booty, his prudence dictated that he was safest right there, and he remained there for months. Subsequently, he disposed of the stolen diamonds in Ixmdon, but he was blackmailed out of a large portion of the proceeds by the accomplice with whom he had made his -first attempt to rob the diamond coach, and who at once concluded when he heard of the success- ful robbery that it was Raymond who had committed It. A Cleverly Arranged Crime. Although It netted the burglars only the robbery of the Kensington Savings Bank of Philadelphia was one of the most cleverly, arranged crimes of modern times. The theft was committed by a band of the most notorious hank burglars of the time, including Tom McCormack, Big John Casey, Joe "Howard. Jimmy Hope, Worcester Sam, George Bliss, and Johnny Dobbs. No more competent crew of safe cracksmen could possibly have been got- ten together. On the day these burglars planned to rob the bank, the president received in- formation that the crime was contem- plated and would probably be committed that night or the night following. This information came apparently the Philadelphia chief of police, the mes- senger stating that the chief would send, down half a dozen uniformed men that afternoon, who were to be'locked in the bank that night. The president was told to keep the information to himself, as It was desired to catch the burglars red- handed, and it was feared that word might reach them of the plan to trap them and they would be scared off. That afternoon half a dozen uniformed policemen called at the bank shortly be- fore the closing hour. They were called into the office of the president and Intro- duced to the bank's two watchmen. After the bank was closed the six men were secreted In different parts of the build- ing, and the watchmen were told to obey whatever orders the policemen might give. -Yeggs in Police Clothing. Nothing happened until about midnight when some of the policemen came out of their hiding places and suggested to one of the watchmen that it might be a good idea to send out for some beer. One of the policemen volunteered to take off his uniform, but changed his mind, saying that it would perhaps be safer for one of the watchmen to go! "If the burglars see one of you fellows going out of the he said to the watchmen, "they suspect nothing, hut if they see a strange face leaving the bank at this hour they will know there is something unusual going on." The Watch- men agreed. No sooner had the watchman left the building than one of the policemen raised his night stick and brought it dowa with all his might on the bead the other watchman. The man dropped to the floor like a log. He was quickly hound and gagged and taken inside the cashier's cage. A few minutes later the other watch- man returned with the beer, and as he set foot in the loom where the policemen congregated he was accorded the same treatmen t. The watchmen out of the way, the six policemen made their way to the bank safe and there a remarkable scene was enacted. Attired in the regulation uni- form of the city police, with helmets, shields, and night sticks of the official style, the six "policemen" proceeded to break into the bank safe. As their work progressed, some of {he men removed their hats and loosened their heavy coats, but there was nothing to indicate to anyone who might have witnessed this- remarkable piece of work that the men engaged In the cracking of the safe were not genuine policemen As a matter of fact, of course, they were six of the cleverest bank burglars In the business. When the safe was and the bank's funds, amounting to some 000, removed, the "policemen" button up their uniforms, put on their hftts, and opening .the front doors of the bank with the keys they took from the unconscious watchmen, they boldly marched in single file into the public street. Time Always Needed. In planning out a bank robbery, or, in- deed, any kind of robbery, a great deal of time must be given over to study of the situation so that when the day of the rob- bery comes the- burglars will know just what to do and be able to do it promptly. Oftentimes it is necessary to wear a dis- guise so as the more surely to carry out the prearranged plans. I remember once disguising myself as a Quaker wife when we did a job' In the section of Pennsylvania where the Quakers abound. We had been over the territory very carefully and picked out a bank where a considerable amount of money was on display, scattered around on the different counters of the bank, and decided that we could go into that bank in broad daylight and get most of the cash. For several weeks we had studied the methods in vogue in the bank and knew pretty accurately where the cashier and other employes would be at certain hours, and which hour would be the1 most favor- able tor our work. There were four of us working on this particular robbery, and it was decided that I should disguise myself as a Qua- ker woman, and pass the bank at a cer- tain hour. I went around the town for several days studying frhe costumes of the women and ftnally rigged myself out in the typical Quaker housewife style. "Soon after midnight strange scene was enacted in the bank. Attired in the regulation uniform of the city's police, wfth helmets, shields and night sticks of official style, the policemen proceeded to break into the safe." I purchased a small milk can and, as Its newness might" attract attention, I rubbed the can with dirt until It took on a time-worn appearance. Then I se- cured one ot the common baskets carried very often by the women who so togmar- ket to dispose of small lots or> vegetables. For several days my pals and myself re- hearsed the work we had to do so that when the time of action came we were perfect in our parts. We had found out from our daily ob- servations of the -bank that the cashier, who was a good deal of a. dandy, went out every day at and returned at 1 o'clock. Several of the other clerks In the bank went out for their lunch at the same time. At there were fewer clerks in the bank than at any other period of the day, and if we were to do our work at all'It must be accomplished at that Stopping the Cashier. Theke was only one drawback to this cashier occasionally came back five or ten minutes to 1, and we could not be certain that he would stay out the full half hour on the day we operated. If he came back before 1 o'clock our scheme would be frustrated and we would probably be arrested. So it-was-decided that I should lay outside the bank and intercept the cashier If he should happen along before by pals made their getaway from the bank. On the day of the robberi' we were near the bank at half-past twelve, and waited till a quarter of one, when we saw several other clerks go out. Then the rest of my band hastened into the hank, 4tafl I kept my eyes fixed on the direction in which the cashier usually came. The robbers who went into the bank had a number of little formalities to get over before it was possible to grab the money, and this took time. They had been inside nearly ten min- utes when I spied the cashier walking up the street toward the bank. As luck would have it, he was getting back five minutes ahead of his usual time. I strolled leisurely to meet him, dressed up, of course, as the Quaker housewife, with my basket- full of vegetables and can of milk on my arm. The cashier and I came together In the middle of the block, about a hundred feet the bank. I accosted him and asked for some fictitious address, in a broken English kind of lingo, which he could not at flrst understand. He was a very polite young man, and, of course, stopped tso help me out of my little diffi- culty. While I was engaging the cashier in this fashion, I kept my eyes rambling to the bank to see if my pals were get- ting away, for if the cashier had gone down at that moment he would see them in the act of robbing, and all would be lost. Milk Spilled on Cashier's Clothes. After holding the. cashier for a minute or two, he became impatient at my unin- telligible'talk and said he was sorry he could not help me and. would have to be going. Now, under no circumstances could I permit that cashier to leave then If necessary I would have grabbed him about the neck and held him by force until my companions escaped. But a bet- ter scheme than this suggested Itself I deliberately spilled the can of milk over the cashier's' clothes, doing it, of course, in an apparently innocent way. The nice white milk settled all over the young man's vest and coat and he looked a sorry sight, Indeed He was exasper- ated at my awkwardness, as he called it, and took out his handkerchief to wipe off the milk, and I, full of sympathy for his deplorable plight, also took out my hand- kerchief and gave my assistance. While we were trying to get rid of the milk I saw the robbers hurry out of the bank and walk rapidly up the street. Then I knew they had gotten the cash, and It was no longer necessary for me to detain the cashier. I mumbled my apologies to the milk-bespattered cashier, and then hurried off down the street. I went into a doorway which I had picked out In advance, of took off my Quaker disguise. Under the disguise I had on my regular clothes. I left the Quaker outfit, milk can and all, in this strange doorway and then hustled off to meet my pals at the rendezvous previously agreed upon. We divided the had obtained stayed in the town a few days. Overlooked Package. In the papers the next morning there was a big account of the robbery, and the additional statement that the robbers had overlooked another package of money containing We were shocked by this piece of information, and the poor robber whose duty it was to collect the money in the bank was roundly upbraid- ed for getting a miserable when he could also have taken the if he had not hcen such a bungler He swore by every deity that the papers were wrong, for he had searched very care- fully, and there was no other la sight when he left the place. However, could never forgive this chap for his oversight, because we believed papers' had the thing right, and disputed about the matter so much that the rang, or, as -we of the criminal fra- ternity call It, had to be disbanded and we went our separate ways, good friends, of course, but no longer It is the custom among bank robbers to demand that each member of a party do his work properly. If any of them makes a failure or does not coma up to expectations, he Is discharged from the party. The method of dis- charging a member Is peculiar. The leader will say to htm. "When are you going home. and he will band him some money. "When are you go- ing means we don't want you with us any more. I might say. In con- cluding this experience, that one of ttM men who took part In this robbery now living in Philadelphia and highly respected. He long since gave up his criminal associations and went Into business for himself and has made a great deal of money by his own honeit efforts The other man died in prison. His was the fate of many another profes- sional criminal. He had gambled away most of the money he secured from hit Illegal trade, and In addition he served twenty years of his life behind prison walls Not even the cleverest men In the business have profited by their skill. They may prosper for a brief hour, but in the end they are forced to the con- clusion that crime does not pay! SOPHIE LYONS. (Copyright, 1MI, br the Bur URCLE SAMS CM rm "YEGGS Walter De Ford, Characterized as the Smoothest Thief in the United States, the Guiding Spirit in Nearly Every Bank and Postoffice Robbery in the South During the Last Decade. to a window, cried out an alarm. he clambered up te the sill, preparatory to to leaping to the street below, a bullet cut short his flight, and he rolled down to the .sidewalk, shot through the- chest. Emboldened by the general melee that ensued, the other captives Wrenched their arms free, and each his pistol, and sent a volley In the direction of Billy and Walter, the brief outline of whose crouching forma were barely diecernable through the gloom of the barn. The Shots aroused the neighborhood. Before "Slim" and his "stick-ups" could sound a note of warning, a mob gathered, and a fusillade of shots had was w 1 1 H A iccord of upward of 100 j he procured, first, last, and all the time, It is surprising that he is so modest in postoffice robberies and safes as of his sartorial effects as to confine his per- I rt i i adornment to two gold teeth and a which yielded hi the neh- and a sinle borhood of "Walter, sometimes known as Gus De Ford, stands I preeminent in the ranks of those yegg- men he has led in his many raids On strong boxes in the United States and Canada. Ever handy with his gun, he has shot his way to freedom a score of times, and such trifles as shooting down or bind- ing and gagging those watchmen who surprised him while at work are so nu- merous as to have long since palled on this arch-criminal. Resourceful, unscru- pulous, cruel to a degree, and as fearless as he is cunning, he stands out as pos- sessing every attribute necessary to a successful yeggman He has frequently served time, but in proportion to the crimes committed he has sacrificed but a very small percentage of his liberty. Scanning "Walter's" description and record as they appear on file In the office of the chief postoflSce Inspector at Wash- ington we find the following: Gus De 'Ford, aliases C. M. Fsrd, Gus B. Ford, W. P. W. P. Thornton, C. C. Carter, Lawrence CockereU. Walter Bailey, William R. Smith. Gus, Dick, and Buggsey. Walter's Description. years, 5 feet 7 laches in stockings, weight 138 pounds, hair chest- nut, eyes hazel, good teeth, one or two solid gold teeth upper right side; also- gold fillings; long nose; build medium; rather erect, except atooulders end head sllgfcjtly stooped. Cut scar on forehead, right of center, extending from hair downward, showing: a deep Indentation at lower end of forehead- Cut scar, about 1 inch long, at lower edge of left Jaw near chin- flesh-colored mole or wart at center of right cheek; three large acid burn scare on left (forearm. Usually dresses well, often' wears diamond ring, some- r, and and a single diamond scarfpin, and usually carries a gold watch. "The more Important postofflce robberies he nas been concerned In include Rowes- ville, S. C.; Kings Mountain and Brevard, C.; Prosperity, S. C.; Fort Mills, S. C.; Enoree, 8. C.; Waverly, Va Columbia, "Va.; Apex and Youngsville, N. C office near Norfolk, Va.; Christiansburg, "Va., West Point. Va.; two offices near Boston, Mass.; Canton Junction and Hopedale, Mass.. and Marshfleld, Vt. "Some of his other robberies include Branscom, Canada, bank; Enoree, S. C., cotton mill office. Port Norfolk, Va car barn. Spring Hope, N. C., bank, McCoJl, 6 C., bank. Forest City, bank; Denmark. S. C., bank; Brunson, S. C, bank; Boydton and Wakefleld (or Waver- Va., bank; Amherst, Va.. bank. Bowling Green, Va., county treasurer's office: Cleveland, Tenn cotton mill office; Rocky Mount, Va., bank, Slatersville, R I., Amherst, Mass banks; Mass i-ce company's office, and Middle- boro, Mass., flour mill and laundry J'rom the foregoing It can be surmised that "Walter" has led fairly active life. and. Judging from the amount of plunder Call. It was at Port Norfolk, Va., that Wal- ter had his narrowest escape. Had he been captured in the general flght that followed, chances are the infuriated posse would have swung liim to a. nearby lamp-post, that his staring eyes could rest upon the forms of those who lay wounded unto death by bullets from the yeggmen's pistols. Walter, like many of his ilk, had skulking In one of the many, yegg-men dives with which Norfolk is infested. The owners of these dens always welcome with open arms these rural burglars, for they realize that men of this type spend their Itt-got- ten gains with a lavish 'hand, and Walter was looked upon as a "prince of spend- ers Then, too, when the yeggmen came to town after one of their raiding expeditions they Invariably Drought a satchel full of stolen postage stamps, which these divekeepers disposed of for them at a 25 per cent discount. But on this occasion Walter and his cronies, "Kentucky Billy" and "District of Columbia had stretched their credit at the bars of the dens they fre- quented Intil the breaking point loomed perilously near. They needed funds des- perately, and it must be a "quick for a "getaway" was imperative. One ol the "gay cats" working for this trio had been ordered to "locate" a job in a hurry He decided the car barn ofBce at Port Norfolk was a likely point. Inas- much as its office safe always held a big sum of currency and, furthermore, chances for interruption during the, safe opening were comparatively small. Encounters Three Hen. A dense fog enveloped thte little town when the trio of yeggmen and their "stick-ups" stole into it and made their way to the car barn. It matter to jimmy a rear was an easy window, agd fired. First, Walter and "Billy" emptied their pistols at the two men who were firing at them from within the barn. After disarming them they croudied be-' neath the window ledge, and sent shot after shot Into the crowd that had gath- ered in the street. These shots were re- turned with a vim, and a hundred bullets crashed through the Window, beneath which Walter and Billy crouched. While Walter stuck to his post, and emptied his pisrtol at the posse, "Billy" reconholtered, and, finding a window on the opposite side of the building which afforded an drop an area or courtyard, he paved the way Their Returning to Walter's side, the two fired a parting volley Into the crowd, dropping eight or ten men In their tracks, and then adjusting rags soaked in mustard oil to the heels of their shoes, a precaution against pursuit by bloodhounds, they sped to the open window and leaped to the courtyard. Their last round of cartridges had been slipped Into the chambers of their revol- vers, and these they determined to hold in reserve and not use unless actually trapped by the now Infuriated posse. As the burglars crept from the alley- way to the open street and plunged away in the darkness a cry of "There they arose. Like a pack of bloodhounds in full cry the mob started In pursuit, fir- ing as they ran. But "Billy" and Walter were too hard pressed to halt long enough in their flight to take pot shots at their pursuers. On to the outskirts of the little town they sped, the money ab- stracted from the strong box safe in Walker's and under cov- er of darkness and fog they reached the railroad tracks and the hand car "Slim" and hia "sticfe-ups" had in readiness. A quick run brought them to the outskirts of Norfolk, and once within the city's limits they were soon lost in the maze of narrow and illy lighted streets which led them to a "crib" along the water- front, where, like hunted wild beasts, they Jay concealed until they deemed it safe to emerge and leave Norfolk far behind them. That night's work, although accomplish- ed at tremendous risk, netted the yeggs upward of each. Once more Walter was in funds and ready to "crack" any bank his foi him entrance into the bank and. If need be, take steps to silence the operator should he become too inquisitive. Walter and "Shorty" elected to do the actual safe blowing. "Chicken Bill" was to secrete himself at a point near the tel- ephone exchange, BO that in the event of the operator attempting to notify police headquarters he could be Struck down or shot. Dogs Are Aroused. While the operatdr was engaging in an animated conversation with the yegg- men's confederate, who was at the other end of the long-distance wire, "Bill" came to the conclusion that "an ounce of pre- vention was worth a pound of and that it -would be better to "tie up the Operator" before the exploding nltro- glycerin echoed through the building. Creeping up behind the unsuspecting operator, "Bill" dealt him a blow, behind the ear with the butt of his revolver, which sent him reeling from his high stool to the floor, where he lay crumpled and Insensible. A clothesline, stolen on the trip thrdugh the little town, was used to tie up the unconscious operator, and his handkerchief was employed as A gag. Then "Bill" leisurely rejoined his com- panions, told them of his enterprising and precautionary methods, and lent a hand at the'safe door. Two blasts forced the door, and in the outer vault ih gold was found. The Health Mistress in China "S "stick-ups" might have found Walter was the first to climb through to the interior "Kentucky followed him, while "Slim" remained on the out- side to see that the "stick-ups" or sen- tinels maintained proper vigilance against a surprise As Walter made his way through the rambling structure the needle-like rays from his flashlight point- ed to the forms of three night watchman and two negioes, who dentlv had jolnetl him to keep him com- pany through the long vigils of the night It was but the work of a second to pounce upon the sleeping men, tie then- arms and legs, and slip gags Into their mouths Under threats of murdering them as thev lay, Walter and "Billy" the office, and went to work on the safe One blast of "soup "or v. nitrogljre.lne, failed to ced had been arranged that a confederate an inner'doo- -vnd was rapidb tran-fer- stittoned in a nearly town was to call im" tro eo'den hoard that before Mefoll at a designated hour and thus en- hlm thp negroes t the operator In conversation while and and, leaping -Walter and his Bank and Telephone Exchange Together. The little town of McColl, S. C., also has reason to remember the brief pres- ence of Walter within Its corporate lim- its This time Walter had as his elates "Conn Shorty" and "Chicken Bill." The latter was subsequently shot to death by a posse which ov ertoolc him as he was fleeing with Uls share of plunder stolen fiom a Xorth Carolina bank, m which 'Portland Ned" was the presid- ing genius. The bank at McColl loomed as an easy possibility. If there was a watchman em- plojed to guard It by night, the "gay cats" had been unable to gam a clew to hss hiding place. In the same building ex- O far as I know, I am the only woman In this country having entire charge of the health of a single family. My employers got the idea from China and Japan, where almost every 'family of wealth and position has a health master." The speaker was an American woman, now In her middle thirties, who twelve years ago was graduated from a medical college in this country. "About two years after taking nay Tle- gree I had an offer from an A-merlcan woman living in China to come 'on and take charge of the health of her family. After exchanging several letters, I de- cided to go out for a trial of six months. That was nearly ten years ago, and this is my flrst visit to mv native country since then. "I look after the health and physical development of the family, just 'as a school teacher sees to development of the minds of MS pupils, but I have charge of the entire household, while the teacher confines his attention to the ju- venile members. When 1 took the place, the family consisted of the father and mother, a grandmother, and a grand- father, a maiden aunt, and three chil- dren, ranging In age from 6 years to 6 months. Now there are seven children, the youngest of whom is 3 years old. The servants of the household have Increased from six to fourteen, so you see" I now have a large' number of people to look out for. "My duties really began with the sani- tation of the home. The plumbing and the ventilation were arranged according to my directions. When I arrived, the family had just gone through a siege of typhoid fever I had the water supply changed, and every week .thereafter it was tested for typhoidvgerms Thus the foundation for a healthful home was pre- pared. v "At first I elected to sit at the table with the children and their governess. Before the end of the flrst month I de- cided to divide my meal time, so there has always been a place for me at both tables. There is something more for the health mistress to do at the table besides seeing that the food is all that it should be, and taken only in proper quantities. "With the children there is the task of training them to masticate properly, breathe as they should, and swallow normalU According to my experience, children Set the haoit of breathing thioush their mouths while eating This should not be allowed. Improper mastica- tion among children is nearly always caused by the condition of the teeth or mouth. Whenever I noticed one of my charges chewing on one section of his teeth I always made an examination to Fee what was the matter with the othtr teeth Tf a child is allowed to continue thH habit, not onlv will the feth become uneven but often the pxrqpssion and shape of the mouth will toe ruined past repair "My reasou for dividing mv attention juveniles of 'the household was that the mother of the children, through nervous- ness, had got into the habit of bolting her food, wBlle her father ate enough to Inrite an attack of apoplexy. By com- parison, correcting the table manners of a child is as nothing to doing the same service for a grown-up. The old man de- clared that he couldn't live without the amount of food he consumed, and the mother of the children, while admitting that her dyspeptic tendencies were in- creased by her hasty way of eating, said she just couldn't eat any slower. "I started in with a regular course of physical exercise for both. I worked with them. 'I had the seats- at the table ar- ranged so that I sat between them. Dur- ing meals I exerted my powers of sugges- tion. It required four months to get the mother to masticate and swallow her food iff a normal manner, but In the meantime her whole physical condition had Im- proved to such an extent that everybody noticed the change. It was an easy mat- ter, gnce she had regained her gobd looks, to convince her of the Importance of tak- ing her food properly. The grandfather was a firm believer In the old Idea- that the older a person is the more food he requires. It took close to a year to convince him that he was better off with half the amount he had been taking. I had weighed him when I first took charge of the family health After that I kept him off the scales for two years. At trie end of that time he tipped the scales at just 51 pounds less. The change had been so gradual that he did not realize it was taking place. Having gotten him to his normal healthy weight, it has been my duty to keep him there ever since "Among the children I have had case of whooping cough and one ot measles. In each Instance prompt quar- entlne kept the disease from spreading Among the "servants I c had several cases of fever and one of smallpox. AH of these could easilv have been pi evented had the suftereis followed the few simple rules I had tried to impress on them and told the t> uth about their symptoms The servant class in the Orient are not easy to manage, from a health stand- point, because of their numerous super- stitions Fortunately I was able to make the nurses understand that all violations of my orders endangered the life and health of the children "Since coming to this country I e had many inquiries about the compensa- tion which I receive My salary has re- mained the same from the time I began. It is quite true that the number of my patients has increased, but if anything I have less to do as time passes. At first It was not easy work getting started the reforms necessary in the family. Habits among children are not very deep-rooted, but with the mothei of the famiH and hei father it was unhill worU Besides mv salary has always bfeii sufficient foi me to put more than a half each month Mv quarters consist of four rooms and a bath while mv position has always eflected an at meal time between the adults and the been that of a member qf the family." Inner barrier of the vault was a screw- door affair, and three blasts of "soup" failed to dislodge-it. The roar of the explosion aroused sev- eral t dogs in a nearby stable, and their yelpa brought half a dozen men armed with rifles and pistols to the street. As the trio of burglars leaped from the bank window several 'shots rang out, but none, took effect, and they sped away, halting at each street corner to return the fire. The leader of the little posse rolled over with a bullet In 'his groin, but the fugitives made good their escape, and three days later found Walter, "Chicken and reinforced by the presence of all primed for a raid on the bank at Forest City, N. C. Find in Silver. This job netted the burglars and "Chicken after receiving nis share of the loot, volunteered to buy, at a lib- eral discount, the dimes and nickels stolen. He then started aorosa country, eavlngr his companions to escape by a freight train. A posse took up his trail, followed him, mortally wounded him, and''then carried him to a nearby hos- pital, where he died. For the next six months a succession of burglaries followed, and In each case Walter's was the guiding hand, al- though he frequently changed partners At this stage of his career Walter deem- ed it wiser to confine his operations to Danks rather than to for he found the police and private detectives employed to protect banks easier- to elude than postal Inspectors. The bank at Rocky Mount, Va., pos- sessed possibilities which had long at- tracted Walter. He had looked the job over carefully and In person. He had scrutinized every possible avenue of es- cape and contended that should he find an Idle night on his hands when in that vicinity he would improve the shining hour. It so happened that after, ripping several safes In the vicinity he, "Ken- tucky "De Sota and "Bos- ton Jimmy" found themselves within easy access of Rocky Mount No "lo- cator" or "gay cat" -was necessary for this attack, for Walter had himself done the necessary work. Entrance into the bank was effected without Incident. The "soup" was dis- tilled from dynamite sticks stolen from a nearby stone quarry. Three times the soup" was applied and touched on be- fore the stubborn vault door sprung from- its hinges and went hurtling across the room. Before the greedy looters, stacked in neatly assorted plies, lay in sli- ver, a load none calculated burdening himself with. His Money in Belfry- Opposite the bank stood a negro church Its belfry could only be reached by a tortuous and perpendicular ladder, and the bell that hung within was rung by- means of a long, stout rope which led to the vestibule of the little frame structure. This belfiy, it Was decided, should serve as a hiding place for the plunder. The removal of the silver from the outer compaitment of the vault to the belfry consumed so much time that none_ was left In which to blow the inner easmg of the vault The burglars then melted away into the night, detei mining to secrete themselves in a neai forest until it was safe to re- turn and raihf the plundei from its sa- cied hidins plai-p One v.eek after the was blown three of the cerumen retained to Rocky Mount and procured the loot Just where they went for a division of the spoils is not clear, but among participating in the raiding of the bil- ver "Boston Johnm who tutert for "Boston Jinirm "De Sota Ned" anil Boston were can- tin ed at Roanoke, A a their portion of the loot were tried cunx Ictrt! senteni to from f to ten >ears each in thp ppnitpntlary Walter and "Billy' made for their old hlrtlng plat PS 111 Norfolk, and remained secreted until It safe for therid to make tracks for New York. Here they stayed until their 'cash was all gone and it was again necessary to take to the "soup bag" and jimmy. The bank robbery of which Walter is proudest and the one he often boasted of to "West Philadelphia Johnny" and other noted crooks was the looting of the safe at Branscom, Canada, where in bills of small denomination was obtained. Walter, apparently, con- cealed the names of his confederates in this operation, for in the exhaustive confession made by "West Philadelphia in which he implicated every thief with whom he ever operated, to say nothing of the confidence he vio- lated that he might escape a long term in a Vermont prison, he gave no clew to Walter's associates. Walter had no trouble, he said, in en- tering the bank or in blowing the safe. One shot was sufficient to expose the steel guarded cash, and in less time than it takes to tell it he had transferred the bank notes to his ample pockets, abandoned his kit of burglar's tools, and, slipping from the bank, returned to the hotel in Which he was quartered, and there remained a day or two before cross- ing the border to the "States "It was so damned he said while relating this exploit, "that it was a shame to take the money." Apparently -Walter's unnamed confed- erates were just as "easy" as the bank, for, he said, he slipped out of Canada without keeping an engagement he made with them, at which time he was to have given them their share of the spoils. His pay for his half hour's work was not a shot was fired, nor did a soul suspect that a robbery had been committed until the janitor the next morning set about cleaning up the bank preparatory to Its day's business. Lee Crump, now dead, of Alexandria, Va was of immense value to Walter as a "gay cat He had wonderful pow- ers of divination when sent to "lo- cate a and whereas In some cases the men at work on the safe he had selected for blowing were surprised at their task and compelled to battle their way to freedom, yet In every case they escaped unscathed. A Crucial Moment. This held true in the looting of the offices of a laundry and a flour mill at MIddlesboro, Mass where Walter, 'Johnny" McCarthy Philadelphia and "Bellefontaine Slim" es- caped after twice staring death in the face The safe of the flour mill readily yielded to the explosive's blast and about was procured The laundrj was next visited, and while the "cracksmen" were at work on the safe the night watch- man peered in at the door A shot from -Walter's pistol caused him to beat a hasty retreat He ran only far enough to take refuge behind a protecting angle in the wal'. when his pistol began to bark out its alarm as he sent bullet after bullet in direction of the burglais. Before Walter and his associates cou'd make their way to the street the air was so smoke-laden that even the from their pocket flashlights could not pene- trate it Several persons gathered out- side the laundry, and as the burglars sped across the street thej opened flie on them 4t this juncture of 'Johnny" dropped the i libber pouch con- taining enough nitro-gli cerine to blow a dozen safes In telling of hih experience afterwa-d said both he and -Walter confj- dentlj expeited to be blown into eternity and to this dav nelthei can explain whv the soup" did not explode All got away scot free, and Walter arrived at the con- dition that the sunm South held induce- ments of far greater piomi.se than the fj ozen Xoith, whoie watchmen anJ nearbv citizens sleep with one CJ ._ open could offer Xriordiiign )Hei made tracks for the So'itli i ic1 after sitnK cronies in 1 if n >rp ind Norfolk he madt. waj< to Charles- ton, S C., where 'he spent a. wild j revelry at the dives conducted toy Ru- j dolph Rabens, a notorious and ally to bank and postofflce Whenever such finished as "Portland "West Philadel- j phla "Kentucky and "Connecticut Shorty" banded for a kill- Ing something far out of the ordinary might be expected. Soon after Walter's] flight from the North, -and at a time' when his last dollar had been spent in one of Raben's dance halls, he and his four companions In crime decided to loot the bank at Brunson, C. The looked easy from every angle. The safe, although of an ancient pat- tern, was so well built and of such good material that it resisted the several blasts that were applied. Outdone by the stubborn resistance of the strong box. Walter volunteered to procure a drill with which to make a larger opening near the combination disk. A Colored Guide. In scouting around, he entered a car- nage house near the bank. There he found a strapping young negro sound asleep WaKer awakened the sleeper by pressing the muzzle of his pistol to his cheek The was too frightened to cry out or to offer resistance. Then, In a few well chosen and terse sentences Walter commanded his captive to conduct him to the nearest blacksmith shop This done he found the tools he and, with the negro slightly in advance of him, and urged on by the pistol in Wal- ter's hand, they returned to the bank, and with the newly-acquired tools the safe was forced. About waa pro- j cured. When the bank was left far be- hind, the yeggmen made the negro help them to place a handcar belonging to the roadmaster of that division of the railroad on the tracks, and this done'they leisurely pumped themselves along the rails, after tossing the negro a dollar, with the Injunction, "Go buy yourself a box of blacking and polish your face, for are scared white." Walter Is still at large His exploits would fill a volume, could he be induced to talk A confession from him would be of far greater value to postofflce Inspec- tors and custodians of banks than that of "Johnny" McCarthy, for the latter, as wily and successful as he Was, got only hundreds while Walter was reaping thou- sands. A Great Letter Writer. There have been but few bank or post- office robberies in the South in the last decade in which he wasn't concerned. His Affairs with women have been nu- merous, and his penchant for writing to them has more than once caused him to run his head into a noose from which only by the merest luck he managed to extricate himself His letters have often fallen into the hands of postofflce in- spectors, and in every case they were either addressed to a fellow thief or to some woman who consorts with thieves and who knows their Innermost secrets. vVhiie the yegg band that was rounded up and captured In Baltimore was pursued it was the Interception of Wal- ter's letters that made the raid a success. These letters w ere sent from New York to Charleston, S C and all contained in- formation which the postal detective" were scouring the country to obtain But despite this almost fatal failing Waltet manages to keep a few jumps in advance of his pursue! s, and whenevei an especialh bank or postoffice burglary crops, up it is a safe wagei that Waltei. _whom many char- acterize as the "smoothest thief in the counts enjojs the major por- tion of the plundei (CopM-ishl 1012, h% th( N-ew Ynrk Herald Co< AH rights reserved NEXT 1 "The Durbnr Romantic din- ton! bouse eplnorte of n viral thy woman who smufTKleM necklare through: nacrlBceK herself to shield a friend; Is overwhelmed wmer anil commits vuicldc. _. ;