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Victoria Advocate (Newspaper) - May 12, 1968, Victoria, Texas
I m Voct opt advocate Klint Cal Hill Isas Ste f1new Spain is Given a new cause for alarm about Texas continued from Page 4j lasting Friendship with the tribes of East Texas mainly because it was their policy not to interfere with the accustomed ways and lives of the indians. The Spanish on the other band insisted on Stern religious indoctrination hard work. And the imposition of a Way of life which the indians never really understood and Seldom Cert Ted. Resides the French were never hesitant to Supply their wilderness allies with firearms Ami Strong spirits something the spaniards never did. Besides All this the French of hisses nod a not her Simer iat i it asset who May have been the most remarkable frontiersman of his Day and time his name was Louis Guchereau de St Den is. And he was Hie founder of the French Frontier settlement of Natchitoches As a base from which to infiltrate Texas in 1715. St Denis under orders from Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac governor of the French province of Louisiana traversed the Width and breadth of Texas to reach the Rio Grande in quest of Trade for some of that Gold and Silver from the mines of Nueva Vizcaya his excuse was a letter to the French from father Francisco Hidalgo who wanted to reestablish the then abandoned missions in East Texas. St. Denis wound up at the Rio Grande Presidio of san Juan Bautista commanded by the noted Frontier Captain Don Domingo Ramon. This redoubt Able Frenchman was Able to ingratiate himself with the spaniards to the extent that of Tor a sojourn under courteous duress in Mexico City he married the 17-year-old granddaughter of Domingo Ramon the beauteous Mandela san Che this visitation by the French again revived Spanish interest in East Texas. More expedit Pons and the re establishment of More missions ensued All of this to suffer another collapse when the French from Natchitoches in an Extension of one of the interminable european wars in 1719, attacked and drove off the Spanish from their outpost at los Adaes and caused one More abandonment of the East Texas missions. But All of this brought on a reaction from Mexico City which for a Long time at least was eminently satisfactory to the franciscans and to the scattered Spanish pioneers who had come to dwell in the vast wilderness Empire of Texas. It also brought the Victoria area Back onto the main line of history to take him Back to the pres Idio for punishment. The Savage was full of fight and one of the soldiers wounded him with a knife. This brought on a general Melee other indians and soldiers joining in. A number on both sides were wended and the upshot was a general exodus toward the Woods on the part of the indians Ramon had been absent from the Presidio and w Hen he returned he took a detachment and went after the Kara Kaw As he was persuasive enough to get them started Back to the Mission hut there had to be an overnight halt and in the dark Ness most of the warriors again slipped away. The Captain still he or i most of the women and children and these be herded into a Small hut with Only a few of the men. Full of threat and bluster Ramon planted a Cannon aimed carefully at the door of the hut and this threat of Slaughter brought a general break for Freedom from the indians rut the Captain and his soldiers forced them Back in and Ramon fool hardly followed them in through the door. One of the warriors armed somehow with a Large pair of scissors stabbed Ramon in the breast. Stumbling outside the Captain ordered the Cannon fired but by now nearly All of the indians had broken out through the Hack of the hut. The hurtling Hall touched none of them but pretty Well completed the destruction of the hut. Only one Squaw was captured. And Ramon relieved his frustration Only slightly by having her hanged. The captains wound was relieved not at All. And he died eight Days later. Domingo Ramon was succeeded As commandant of the Presidio by his son. Captain Diego Ramon and conditions went from bad to worse the Karan Kawa and their sub tribes which had domiciled around the Mission the Cocos the cd James and the copanese by now were All scattered Hack to the wilds and the franciscans were about ready to admit their first great failure with these primitive converts they univ to Mission Valley l Ite Mon nut the hour the Billig Ereney of the French keyed the appointment As governor of Coahuila of a Spanish Soldier who belonged to the lesser nobility of Spain in his own right and by marriage became Hie head of one of the wealth in St families in Mexico. He was Jose de Aylor y Virto de Vera the Marquis de san Miguel de Aguayo. His wife. And it was Lier third marriage was one of the heirs of the great Francisco de in Dinola and her possessions included most of what became Tho mexican Stales of Coahuila Zacatecas and Duran he undertook to finance and Lead the most formidable expedition Ever dispatched toward Texas from the frontiers of new Spain. On nov 16, 1720, when the Marquis do Aguayo s Estrada departed from Monclova it numbered 500 men 4,000 horses a train of 600 mules loader with arms ammunition foodstuffs and clothing six brass cannons and a retinue of religious eager to re establish their missions More firmly than Ever. The Spanish discovery of fort Louis a three dead bodies one a woman were All that remained of the inhabitants of fort St. Louis when the Spanish expedition led by capt. Alonso de Leon finally came upon the French fort april 22, 1689. I four months later after the it is not unlikely that the vast column of horses and men Marquis was eager to establish had crossed the Rio Grande some claim to Fame in his own word came that St. Denis was right to go along with his assembling hordes of Indian Al wife a possessions. In any ease lies to oppose their passage through Texas. This hastened things along. Among other measures the Marquis sent the Veteran Captain Domingo Ramon to go Down from san Antonio de Bexar to la Bahia Del Espiritu Santo with a Force of 40 men and make sure that this key Point was secure from the French. On april 18, 1721, news came Hack from Captain Ramon that his Mission was accomplished with no frenchmen in sight and the Date of his arrival at the Bay can be fixed on april 4, 1721. From that Day on there was Alwy avs to be a Spanish Force somewhere in the Vicinity of Victoria until the time of their final departure from Texas. In the course of other intelligent studies and preparations at san Antonio toward the further objectives of his on Trade. The Marquis de san Miguel de Aguayo held Long conversations with the Veteran fray Antonio Margil whose missionary Zeal and prodigious labors were to carry Nim to the thresh hold of sainthood. Father Margil knew Texas is did few other men of his Day and he had not been Idle at san Antonio while awaiting the Long anticipated return to East Texas. The Good fathers chief immediate project was the Stab on a second expedition to the fort in 1690. Fray Damian Massanet with his own hands set fire to what remained of this Little outpost of France in Texas. Its Ament of a new Mission in the environs of Bexar and this new establishment ultimately was developed into a stately Monument which often in later years Wras called the Queen of the Texas missions the mis Sion san Jose y san Miguel de Aguayo. The Marquis de Aguayo a studies at close Range in Texas convinced him that Espiritu Santo Bay was the real key to this vast province that whoever held this Portal to the sea also could hold Texas. He resolved then and there that new Spain a grip on this vital threshold must never be weakened and he made his plans accordingly. In the passing of time both the friars and the soldiers had become much More familiar with the country of the lower Guadalupe with the advantages and disadvantages of various locations. They were now in agreement that the tragedy Ridden site on the Garcia ask unhealthful at times almost inaccessible plagued by misfortune offered few advantages to offset its Many disadvantages. Diego Ramon had been removed by the governor of the new province of Texas Don Fernando Perez de Almazan to be replaced by Captain Don Juan Antonio de Bustillos y Challos. Now at the Behest of Captain Bustillos. Joined by fray Augustin Patron and other franciscans governor Alma Zon made an inspection of the area. The franciscans earnestly recommended a location some to leagues to the West in the wooded Bottoms of the Guadalupe near what is now Mission Valley. Here they were Al ready at work with a Village of Jar name indians a Subtribe of the Tonkawa More docile and much More tractable than the Kara Kawas. On july 4, 1726, governor Al in Azan recommended to the Viceroy in Mexico City that the Presidio de Nustra Senora de Loreto be removed to the location on the Guadalupe with the Mission Nuestra Senora Del Espiritu Santo de Zuniga to be situated nearby. Almazan Speed flock that permanent fortifications were necessary with both the Presidio and the Mission to be constructed of the sturdiest materials available. Before the end of 1726 this re establishment was Well under Way and it was Here for the succeeding Quarter of a Century that the Mission and the Presidio were to remain in relative Tranquility and Prosperity. It was also Here that the m Sion was Able to initiate its first successful ventures in the raising of livestock soon to be continued on Page 8 where in the world would you like to go maybe we can help humiliation for the French first however there were other tasks to be considered a the re establishment once and for All of Spanish claims to its territory which had so rudely been thrust aside by the Bellicose frenchmen. The Estrada departed from Bexar for East Texas on May 13, 1721, and its Progress through the wilderness was a testimony to Spanish determination. It was an expedition entirely too formidable to invite any threat from St. Denis and his indians 1 when Contact finally was made with the French through the Friendly has in Ais the message that came Back was one of peace not of War. St. Denis himself Rode into the Spanish Camp on july 31, 1721, full of news about the truce Between France and Spain in their european conflict offering to abide in peace on that Frontier if Aguayo agreed to do likewise. Aguayo did so agree somewhat reluctantly but insisted on reclaiming All Spanish territory even up to the old Presidio of Ixos Adaes Well across the Sabine River and Only a matter of seven leagues West of the established French outpost of Natchitoches. And so it came to pass. With great firmness and dispatch the Marquis re establish ii All six of the abandoned East Texas missions san Francisco de los Texas Concepcion san Jose de los Mazonis Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe de los Nacogdoches Nuestra Senora de Dolores de los Ais and finally. San Miguel de Cuellar de los Adaes. With san Miguel he also provided a substantial wooden stockade which was the Presidio de Nuestra Senora Del Pilar later to become the capital of All the province of Texas. As things turned out it was not the French the spaniards of this great expedition had to fear As their mortal enemy it was Texas weather. With All his tasks completed As the Marquis de Aguayo prepared to depart toward Home on november la an East Texas norther swooped Down on the Estrada there was sleet and Hail and an icy downpour which kept up for five Days. The streams roared out of their Banks unsheltered horses and mules died by hundreds. It was to o months before the Marquis got his people Back to Bexar. Of the 4,000 horses which had bravely set Forth from Monclova in the Spring Only 50 sorry animals remained the mule train had dwindled from Soo to less than a Hundred. We Are proud to re a part of the growth history of this area a a a a Mari fit is in hits a Presidio providing Complete Domestic and foreign travel arrangement senders for the people of the mid coast area has been the goal of we orld wide travel since its opening eight years ago. Directing the operation from the attractive office in the South Texas savings building is Catherine Lindsey experience travel Counselor who can assist the traveler in planning and making arrangements for an exciting trip to almost every area in the world. A Aib lines a steam ships serving this area since 1960. Fred Latham is the president of we orld wide travel with his offices in Corpus Christi. As an ardent world traveler Latham has gained needed information to Aid in the counselling of travellers who ask advice on individual itineraries. Information and guidance on travel to All parts of the world is available at we orld wide s local office and the Welcome mat is always out. But this Noble Aguayo was not yet finished with Texas. There was still the matter of a fort to guard la Bahia Del Espiritu Santo and shortly he selected 50 of his most Able remaining men and sent them Down to Captain Ramon. By the end of March the Marquis himself with 40 More men Wras on the scene. The building of the Presidio began on april 6, 1722. And now there was one of those coincidences of history w hich often seem stranger than fiction. As they dug their foundations the spaniards began to turn up the broken remains of French forelocks Iron nails bits of pottery. There could be no doubt about it on this very spot 37 years before. La Salle had established his forlorn Little fort St. Louis. The new Spanish fort was called the Presidio de Nuestro Senora de Loreto. With the Marquis was fray Augustin Patron y Guzman and it was his assignment to select a site for a Mission to bring the Savage tribes of the area chiefly the Karakawa into the kingdom of god. Father Patron chose a location about three fourths of a league from the Presidio and on april to 1722. In a ceremony of great formality the Marquis gave Possession of the Mission Nuestra Senora Del Espiritu Santo i de Zuniga to the franciscan i and his indians. Then and not until then the Marquis de a Miguel de Aguayo was free to begin his Long journey Home to his wife and to the acclaim of his government his place secure in the history of new Spain. But the stroke of doom we Hichi seemed always to Imp end Over this tragic locale on a Bleak and Barren Shore was not yet finished. The Karakawa proved themselves again As intractable As Ever. Restless and rebellious under restraint of any kind they soon fled to the Woods from father Patron and his ministrations. Shortly they were stealing livestock from the Mission and the Presidio a constant nuisance and a menace skulking about the Little Spanish outpost. Domingo Ramon accustomed As he was to dealing with the More docile Coahuila can tribes on the Rio Grande obviously did no to know what to do about the Karakawa. His discipline was Slack and too Many of his men spent their time in Pursuit of Indian women. The end result perhaps was inevitable but it took a dramatic and a bloody twist. Machine work general amp precision and e travel Tours cruises so. Texas savings bldg. Of Texas inc. Dial 573-7474 Victoria Texas a place smelling of death the Date was december 15, his Blanket. The wife of a lieu-1723, and one of the few Kar tenant of the Presidio was Ankawi As remaining at the mis grinding Corn on a mutate and Sion came to the Jacal of one she complained with great Vig of the soldiers where a cow or when the dust settled about had just been butchered. The her. Indian waited for some of the tile woman a husband Pur meat and while waiting pro sued the Indian Back to the needed to shake the dust from Mission and two soldiers came shop amp Field welding 204 Young St. Phone 573-7811 left at red River St City Park Entrance r
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