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View Sample Pages : Abilene Reporter News, November 11, 1944

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - November 11, 1944, Abilene, Texas t •m=M flje gtrilme Reporter iiii FINAL "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES    WE SKI YOUR WORLD TX.\C'H Y VSIU mn I VOL. LXIV NO. 145 A TEXAS 2-u, NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER ll, 1944—EIGHT PAGES Associated Press >'AP} United Press fU.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTSPATTON'S YANKS, SWEEPING ON METZ, TAKE UP WHERE PERSHING'S DOUGHBOYS LEFT OFF GENERATION AGO PARIS, Nov. ll.—(JP)—Lt. Gen. George S. Patton’s tank-riding infantry swept on today toward Metz, already well beyond the line where Gen. John J. Pershing’s foot-slogging doughboys were poised for a similar attack on the fortress city when Armistice came in 1918. For the new American forces, this was the first Armistice Day on the western front, but the rising power of Tatton’s assault gave promise that before another rolls around they will have left the battlefields of Europe. In their muddy trenches before Metz the doughboys of the last war were preparing on Nov. ll, 1918, for just such an offensive as Patton has uncorked. Then, Lt. Gen. R. L. Bullard’s American Second army * as scheduled to push off just three days later—on Nov. 14. * W W The old Second was lined up along the right flank of the First army on much the same front as the one Patton’s Third army has now broken across. Reduction of the old St. Mihiel salient had put Bullard’s army in position some 15 miles southwest of Metz and along a line which crossed the Moselle river near Pont-a-Mousson and extended northeast of Nancy. Today they are about nine miles south of Metz. Down the road to Metz on this day a generation ago marched the 137th infantry regiment under orders to assault the fortress city, which never had been taken by direct attack. Suddenly the word swept down the line, man to man, at first in an unbelieving undertone, and then—when somebody said it was official—the undertone developed into a yell: “Armistice! Armistice!” * • * “We just stopped marching then and there,” recalled Staff Sgt. Paul N. Hill, of Horton, Kas., back now where 26 years ago he was a 19-year-old mortarman. Now a mess sergeant of Company I!, same regiment, '».imc division, he stood at almost the same spot as in 1918—and he is just one of the many for whom history Is repeating itself. Elsewhere all similarity to the positions then and now ceases. Then the Americans’ total front amounted to 83 miles. Today the Third army alone is on the offensive along a front nearly that long. There is an American army in the south, and another in the This time the Allies have already given the wehrmarht a worsi mg than it took in the first World war. Germany has fewer engaged in and backing the line in the West than in it? hour of c rn ber 1918. But this time the Germans are fighting grimly on lea th. R A hon :h of All th 1944. e w i nit crackup like 1918’s has not yet appeared In the doomed Holland the 1944 ieir 1918 surrender from just north of Nancy to midd! Allied onslaught has folded the Germans back beyond line, which cut through southwestern Belgium. The \llie> today ha\e what they didn't ha\e In the last war—a fighting foothold inside Germany in the penetration beyond Aachen on the route to Cologne where the Third army of the First World war stood its post-armistice watch on the Rhine. In Paris American army and Navy detachments vs ill participate today in a parade of French and Allied troops. Parade, Grid Game Today; Services Set Abilene's third wartime armistice Day observation, honoring the heroes of two world conflicts, includes a general holiday for workers, a parade which was staged ^his morning, a football game this afternoon and a memorial service Sunday afternoon. The commanding general of the Eighth Service command has designated Sunday, Nov. 12, as memorial day for the current war casualties whose families reside in the Eighth Service command, Mayor W W Hair announced today. Memorial services for those whose families reside in Abilene and adjacent area will be at the ’ Abilene high school auditorium at 3 p. m- Sunday. "Responding to the request of those responsible for the program I respectfully urge all the families, whose members have given the supreme sacrifice, and the public to mend this service,” Mayor Hair said. "It is our duty to express our appreciation. whenever we can, to these who have died for us, and on such occasion to rededicate our-vlves to freedom and liberty.” A large crow ' was expected to attend the Abilene-Lamcsa football game at Eagle stadium, beginning at 2:30 o’clock this afternoon. Tire annual colorful Armistice ara de this morning began at 10.45 o’clock and th* •’ recession paused at ll a. rn. while Tap* was played, a short prayer said and a salute presented to departed soldiers. Abilene stores, city and county of-ces are observing a full holiday with the post-office closed since I p. rn. U. S. Takes Scant Pause for Holiday By The Associated Press A nation locked in its third yawl of global war gave scant pause today to honer its heroes la this, and other conflicts. Still lacking was the note of jubl-.ation given the day 26 years ago when an armistice ended the bloodiest contest that man had known to that day. Intent on victory in a deadlier and more far-flung struggle, the f United States and its Allies observed the day on a note of prayer and hope for an enduring and just peace. The traditional ceremony at the tomb of the unknown soldier of World War I in Arlington national ■metery keyed similar observances throughout the country. Its program called for the appearance of President Roosevelt to direct the placing of a wreath on the grave of a man symbolic of all men who have died in their nation’s service. Bong Bags No. 34 |n Convoy Tangle * AN AMERICAN AIRBASE ON LEYTE, Nov. * ll.— (ZP) —America’s ace of aces, Army Maj. Richard I. Bong, was on patrol at dawn Friday over the scene where a Japanese 19-ship convoy was under at- I jack in Ormoc bay on Leyte. Out ahead of him appeared five Japanese fighters. One rolled over directly in Bong’s gunsight*. Tile Poplar. Wis., flier gave the Nippo- S nese a burst and down he went in 'james. No. 34 for Bong was as easy as that. TU Dean Dies AUSTIN, Nov. ll—(ZP)—Ira Polk Hildebrand, 67, retired dean of the school cf law of the University of Texas, died early today of heart disease. Jobs for Veterans (Apply to War Manpower Commission, 1141 North 2nd). ^Veterans placed since Sept. I ...............120 Veterans placed yesterday 2 Interviewed yesterday 2 Referred yesterday ...    2 Jobs listed ............195 a Id ii k Ii Give veterans 3d Steps Up Assault, Seat at Peace Drives Nearer Metz 90th Stems Charge, Widens Bridgehead Table-Legion WASHINGTON, Nov. ll.— (AP)—V cterans of this war should sit at the peace table to assure the achievement of a lasting peace. Edward N. Scheiberling, national commander of the American Legion, said today. In a speech prepared for Armistice Day ceremonies at the tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington national cemetery, Scheiberling asserted that America had broken its promises to this man and his comrades of the last war. “This time," he declared, “we do not say that it must not SUL WELL’S SUCCESSOR ARRIVES IN CHUNGKING Maj. Gen. Albert C. Wedemeyer (left), new chief of staff of the China Theater of Operations, is greeted upon his arrival in Chungking Oct. 31 to succeed Gen. Joseph Stilwell by Maj. Gen. Patrick J. Hurley, personal representative of President Roosevelt in China. This is an official Chinese government photo. (AP Wirephoto). More Nips Pour Into Leyte Battle happen again. “This time we say that—under God—it shall not happen again. “We cannot leave the ni l king of peace to statesmen alone. This time we who have fought in the battles—we, the comrades of the Pn-known Soldier, veterans of two wars, will help formulate the terms of an enduring peace, It can br done only by those of us who know the horrors of war.” The peace that was won after the First World war, said the Legion By The Associated Press Japan’s new commanders in the Philippines have hurled thousands of fresh reinforcements into the battle for Leyte island, sacrficing seven destroyers and three transports in an air-sea battle that overshadowed new strikes today by Superforts and submarines. More than 40,000 seasoned Japanese troops are now ashore on Leyte, where Associated Press War Correspondent Fred llampson reported fight ing “began to take on some aspects of Guadalcanal.” More reinforcements were apparently on their way to bulwark the Nipponese attempt to halt Gen. Douglas MacArthur** reconquest of the Philippines. Superforts bombed Nanking in enemy-occupied China, the War department announced. Tokyo added that 80 other B29s again raided Kyushu in the home islands of Japan and struck for the first time Saishu, just below the southern tip of Korea. Superforts also hit the Shanghai area, said an Army-Navy press release in Shanghai. The Japanese high command officially claimed the capture Kweilin and Liuchow, former S. air bases and the greatest Allied fortresses of southeast China. Chungking insisted violent battles still raged around the cities. In a revived North Burma offensive, American - trained Chinese drove to within six miles of Bhamo, key border town. American planes and PT boats wrecked a 19-ship Japanese convoy in a 24-hour attack on Ormoc bay off western Leyte. But between 5,000 and 10,000 Nipponese soldiers managed to reach shore under cover of night, smoke screen and a rain squall. Seven destroyers and three freighter - trams ports were sunk. Eight other destroyers and one transport, all presumably damaged, escaped from the bay during the second night. The waters were strewn with the bodies of dead By the Associated Press Advancing on two wings of a fiery 75-mile front, the U. S. Third army closed in toward Metz from the north and south today as Lt. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr., threw more tanks into the rising offensive, now rolling into its fourth day. Advances of more than nine miles had been scored in the first three days of the drive against the fort-girt city, last major German stronghold in France. On the northern flank of the attack the 95th infantry was 4 1-2 miles from the city after throwing back a counterattack, and the 90th infantry, which repulsed another counterthrust, deepened a Moselle bridgehead ten    miles    from    the    commander,    was lost on    the "altar German industrial Saar basin.    SLSSEl    "hT?.??    „publ‘C _ t    .    ,,    *    indifference ne said. adding; On the southern wing of the offensive the Americans -Thls tragic blunder must not were about eight miles from Metz, 21 miles from the Saar be repeated. Representatives of frontier and some 30 miles from the Siegfried    line    city    of    those who    have fought    in World Saarbrucken. More tanks were —*—r-’rr=- war I and    world var    ii should , .    .    certainly sit    at the peare    table and thrown in against light to - -    -    --- moderate” resistance in the area of the captured Chateau-Salins road hub. The American assault line extended from the French-German-Luxembourg frontier south and southeast to the Luneville sector, divided into two wings by the German Nazis Say V-2 lo Wreck Antwerp LONDON, Nov.    The    Ger- wedge of Metz itself. Six infantry mans claimed last night that once divisions, the sixth armored and the ‘‘the process of exact aiming is Second U.S. tank division kept the c< mpleted” their V-2 stratosphere front ablaze, and Berlin said, with- rocket would make Antwerp useless as a supply port to the Allies and that front lines also would be targets. There has been no official report that this latest Nazi weapon is    being    used against    Allied positions on    the    western    front. The latest official statements on  T77r~r 7, Ti HTZ ITL the condition of Antwerp’s harbor out Allied    confirmation,    that    the;    facilities    said    th    stm were { 42nd (Rainbow)    division    also    had    tacfc LONDON, Nov. ll.— ZP)—Lt. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr., whose Third army troops now are engaged in an offensive on both sides of the fortress city of Metz, observed his 59th birthday anniversary today. entered the line. Six hundred Amer icans tanks had entered the fray, | Berlin declared. To the north the U. S. First army battling In the Hurtgen forest area southeast of Aachen threw back another savage Nazi counterattack yesterday and continued its assault Meanwhile ground gunners and fighters had one of their hest nights last night, blowing flying bombs out of the sky as the Germans launched sharp V-l attacks on southern I ng-land from aircraft over the North sea. The whole sky aiolis the coast against dug-in enemy positions. On tile U. S. Seventh army front, wag aglow amid deafening explo south of the Third army sector, the sj ^ Germans brought up reinforcements British Sink 45 Nippon Vessels LONDON. Nov. ll—(ZP)—British submarines sank 45 Japanese vessels in far eastern waters in recent weeks, an Admiralty communique announced today. A communique said the toll included one large and one medium sized supply ship, a submarine chaser and three landing craft. In addition a medium-sized supply ship and a minesweeper were probably sunk and 14 supply vessels damaged. The large supply ship, w hich was sunk by torpedo, was intercepted while under escort near Padang, off the west coast of Sumatra. The British submarines scored torpedo hits on a medium size supply ship entering Port Blair in the Andaman islands, while a similar vessel was believed to have exploded after a torpedo attack in the Malacca straits, the communique said. Other sinkings occurred off Sa-bar.g, where the royal navy submarines fought a brisk gun battle with a Japanese convoy of 12 small supply ships. In another action in the same area an enemy minesweeper was sunk. Japanese.    ,    .    .J Another troop-laden transpbrt forward positions, apparently speeding toward the battle zone fearing the offensive would spread was left burning and dead in the southward. Russian forces which drove a wedge between the Germans in besieged Budapest and those in eastern Slovakia fanned out along the Budapest - Miskolc railway, after reaching it near Mezokovesd, 65 miles northeast of the Hungarian capital. Mezokovesd itself was threatened. The Soviet sector stretching from the upper Tisza river to the base of the Matra mountains menaced the rear of German and Hungarian forces some 40 miles east and northeast of Budapest, and the water in Mindoro strait, 300 miles southwest of Ormoc. At least 16 Japanese planes, almost the entire convoy cover, and eight American aircraft were shot down in the Ormoc battle. Dive-of I bombing Lightnings, which started U. I the fight before dusk Thursday, and Mitchell bombers which finished up the attack the next -vening with low level bombing flights through intense anti-aircraft fire, sank nine ships. PT boats got one destroyer in a night time battle. Five other Japanese ships and COLUMBIA, S. C , Nov. ll-(P)— If Allied forces had not landed on the continent June 6. “little would have been left of London,” because of the flying bomb menace War Mobilization Director Byrnes said today. Byrnes, in a talk prepared for an exercise an active influence in formulating the terms of peace.” • • * Scheiberling said his views expressed the conviction of the Legion and sprang from "25 bitter years of illusions” in which the world was witnessed plunging swiftly into another war. ‘ Peace ... Is not a dream, not a false hope," he said. ‘ It lies in the consciousness of frre men determined to fight for their freedom, it lies in the strength of a united America working with all freedom-loving nations of the world in an effective association for peace." The United Nations must not again accept an armistice but demand and get a real peace, Mrs, Charles B Gilbert, national president of the American Legion auxiliary, said in a second speech prepared for deliver at the ceremonies. Road to Berlin By The Associated Press 1. Western front: 301 miles (from west of Duren). 2. Eastern front: 304 miles (from the Vistula north of Warsaw * 3. Hungarian front:    420 miles (from southeast of Bologna). The Weather ARMISTICE DAY LINES—1118 AND 1944 Winnie in Paris, Marks Armistice U.S. DB PA R I 'll NT OI I OMMI »< K HI V I III It HI HI Al ABILENE ANI) VICINITY Clear to day, tonight and Sunday except for t~v ..    .    ’    [some afternoon < loudness Highest tem- Armistice Day program, said that an t perature sunday morning from as to inspection of a flying bomb launching site near Cherbourg had convinced him "that only by invasion could we ever have curbed the destruction by those flying bombs.’’ seven planes were destroyed in raids Germans poured in reinforcements ranging from the Kurile islands on the southern approaches to the to the Dutch Indies. Banks to Take Key Role in Bond Drive WASHINGTON, Nov. ll—(/Pi city, whose fall would open a threat    Bfcnkg wm t{jke morp aggrpsfiive to Austria.    salesman’s role in the Sixth War British troops in Italy driving be-    drive    than ever before, Treaus- yond the captured Po valley com-    ury offlclals said toriay. municatlons center of Forli, sma u-    treasury    hopes    that    bankers ed into strong German tank and can    soliciting    calls,    either    in infantry defenses along a canal    person or by telephone, on 10,000,000 north    Leyte    battle    line,    perhaps    in    running from the northeast comer    „f their 33,000,000 checking-acrount a move    to    cut    enemy    forces    strung    of the Bologna-Rimini highway    depositors in the 14-billion-dollar out along the road to Ormoc. | town.    4 campaign starting Nov. 20. bO. EAST TEXAS Partly cloud) this afternoon, tonight and Sunday. Warmer near upper coast tonight, frosh to strong winds in the north portion VY7KST TEXAS f air this afternoon, tonight and Sunda\ Cooler in Panhandle Sunday afternoon. Frosh to strong winds in Panhandle and South Plains Maximum temperature last 24 hours, 7fi. Minimum temperature last 12 hours, 57. I f MPI KATI RI H _  Sat-Fri    Frl-Thu A M. Hour P.M. U. S. 24th and 96th division troops made slight gams against the increasing Japanese strength on Leyte. Dismounted First division cavalrymen advanced five miles on the flank of the main B4 h.l bu BO 59 SH SH 56 Bl 52- 51 52 as SH BI) BB — 67 71 7B 74 75 74 72 77 73 72 B4 so 34 S3 66 53 66    52 ,. 9 :05 62 Bl B2 Sunrise this morning .......... Sunset tonight ....................t>    42 HITLER SINKS TOWARD OBLIVION HE KNEW BEFORE 1918 ARMISTICE LONDON, Nov. 11-UP)— As a great, bloody conflict ended 26 years ago this morning, doctors in a military hospital in the German town of Pasewalk studied the case of a shell-shocked German corporal and debated whether to send him to a mental institution. They finally released the melancholy corporal as fit, and Adolf Hitler walked out into the gloomy day. At far-flung points elsewhere on the globe, three comparatively unknown men whom destiny had marked to shape the future of the world greeted the end of that war with a firm belief that only peace and prosperity lay ahead. They had never heard of Adolf Hitler. In Washington, a young man named Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who w7as considered quite efficient around the Navy department where he was under-secretary, was convalescing from pneumonia. In London, Winston Churchill stood at the window of his room looking toward Trafalgar square. In Russia, Joseph Stalin was In the process of planning a long-range program of reconstruction for the new- Soviet union—a quiet little man still in the background. In Germany, Heinrich Himmler was trying to get enough gas to operate his taxi, a newspaperman named Joseph Goebbels was seeking employment, and . Hermann Goering was boasting of his feats as a combat pilot. Dwight I). Eisenhower, t h e man destined to command all the Allied armies against Hitler a quarter of a century later, was somewhat disappointed when he heard of the Armistice because he had had no opportunity to get into combat. At ll a. rn., Nov. ll. 1918, Eisenhower was at Camp Coit, Gettysburg, Pa., commanding a tank training school. Today, these men who celebrated that peace of 26 years ago are locked in the world's greatest conflict with the corporal who escaped confinement in a mental home. Unknown to each other then, Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin now are planning to meet soon to shape the course of the world after Hitler has been liquidated. Bul whit of \dolf Hitler? He failed to make his usual broadcast this week on the biggest Nazi anniversary of all—the anniversary of the Munich beer hail putsch. Stockholm reports say people in Germany believe he is dead. Some reports have hinted that he is mentally ill and that i brain specialist was called to Ben htesgaden. But whatever the truth, one fact stands out clearly- Adolf Hitler is sinking fast into the oblivion he knew before ll a. rn. 26 years ago today. PARIS, Nov ll    v—Prune Min ister Churchill, Britain's self-styled "wandering minstrel” of diplomacy, came from behind a 24-hour secrecy screen in Pans today and joined Gen. Charles De Gaulle in a tradi- Widening Oked For Highway 80 Work will begin Immediately on a new7 $424,000 project to widen U. S. Highway 80 from 18 to 24 feet along some 60 miles between Abilene and Colorado City, S J. Tread-away, division eight highway engineer, said Friday. The 18-foot concrete paving, built from 15 to 20 years ago. had a load limit until two years ago of 7.000 pounds. Now, by special permit, loads as high as 90.000 pounds, mostly War department hauling, are commonplace, Treadaway said, and the road has taken “an awful beating.” A heavy maintenance emergency job is the prospect with materials already allocated by the War Production board. The paving will extend from Abilene through Merkel. Trent, Sweetwater, Roscoe, Loraine, Colorado City and Westbrook, except for 18 miles in Mitchell county which is of asphalt surface. It will be handled separately to bring it to the ‘’4-foot width also. The concrete extends to eight miles east of the Howard rouuntv line at latun. Mitchell county. The last eight miles in Mitchell county was widened just before the wars restrict Ions on construction went into effect. Contract for construction of highway 84 from the junction with highway 83 fourteen miles south of Abilene to Coleman county w7ill be awarded the first week in December, Treadawav disclosed Taylor county is obtaining the right-of-way for the new straightened and widened highway. Turk Envoy Dies WASHINGTON, Nov. ll — WF*— Ambassador Mehrnet Munir Ertegun of Turkey, cean of the Washington diplomatic corps, died earl.7 today. Sixty-one years old, he suffered a heart attack 12 days ago and since had been under the care tional tribute to war dead at the Arc de Triomphe on the French nations first Armistic Day observance in five years. The British prime minister arrived in Paris by plane yesterday with Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden for political and economic talks with the French. Wearing the powder blue uniform of a marshal of the Royal Air Force, I Churchill laid a wreath on the tomb of tho unknown soldier and review- WTS ll ING TON. Nov. ll.—D —The United States. Britain and Russia today invited the De Gaulle government of France to assume full membership on the European advisory commission. This Is the most advanced step yet taken toward reconstituting France as a great power. cd an hour-long parade of French forces down the Champs Elvsees. Small detachments of British soldiers and American Army and Navy ba e units also marched in the parade. Despite the official secrecy thrown about Churchill’s visit until his ll o’clock appearance at the cermony, the capital’s main avenue was bordered by a tight jam of people. It was the first visit by a foreign governmental chief to France since this nations liberation and Churchills first visit of state to this nation since the fateful June of 1940 when he carried an invitation for union to tottering France. WW* (In London there was belief that! Britain** war leader would reassure Fiance of a place among the great powers in writing of the peace and would obtain the French position I on pending international affairs as background for the coming conference of Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin. (The immediate objective of the visit—in addition to the aim of cementing the friendship of the two peoples—was understood to center around rearming the .French mill-tan- forces for more unified participation In the assault upon Ger« ; many).    * Murder Trial at Midland Monday ODESSA. Nov. ll—oPi—Shirley Howard of Midland, will go on trial for the second time Monday in connection with the fatal shooting of J. A. Whittendon, 57, former Midland srhnol custodian. ;

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