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View Sample Pages : Abilene Reporter News, April 24, 1944

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 24, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE jjnce Peorl Harbor $16,747,003.75 April Quota April Soles $    231,700.00 $    104,410.75 ®f)e ^toilette Reporter WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE I CH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"-Byron EVENING FINAL •TOL. LXIII, NO. 313. A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY EVENING, APRIL 24, 1944-EIGHT PAGES Associated Press MPI United Press (U.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Threat to India Railway Ended By THOBURN WIANT - SOUTHEAST ASIA HEAD-^QUARTERS, Kandy, Ceylon, April 24—(/P)—Substantial Allied force have been flown in to reinforce the Chindits already operating along a front scores of miles long behind the ^Japanese lines in central and * northern Burma, Allied headquarters announced today amid increasing signs that immedi ate danger to the Bengal-Assam railway from the Japanese invasion of India has been removed. The air-borne reinforcements shoved into the jungle “beachheads” apparently were sent to clinch the Allied positions along the railway from Mandalay to Myitkyiana which were seized several weeks ago in a move to shut off Japanese supplies to North Burma and the Imphal front in India. Headquarters did not enlarge upon the announcement, how ever. On the Imphal front, the communique said, Allied troops have cleared the road from Kohima to the Bengal-Assam railway junction of Dimapur and relief of the Kohima gari-son has been completed. Kohima is two-thirds of the way on the road from Imphal to the junction, and the relief of the Garrison there appeared to have dissipated the possibility that the Japanese would drive on io the railway and cut that artery pumping supplies to Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell’s northern Burma forces. Clearance of the road also solved the supply problem of the Imphal garrison although the large forces in that Manipur valley capital at no time appeared to have been in danger of running short. Heavy fighting continued at positions scattered around the to the southeast and southwest. MacArthur at Front As Men Hit Hollandia feds Mass to By HENRY C. CASSIDY MOSCOW, April 24—(ZP)—'The Russians, who in IO months have Jilted the siege of Leningrad,struck ^to Romania and smashed halfway to Berlin in their 500-mile overland march from Kursk, are massing for a new campaign, front dispatches indicated today. kAs a relative calm prevailed along e long front for the second straight day yesterday, the dispatches said that rearguard services were being moved forward to new’ bases, required after the winter advance. The pause was expected to be short-lived. The spring lull last year continued until July 5, when the Germans launched their illfated Kursk offensive and subsequently were routed west-* ward. ™ (In London and Berlin itself the conviction was growing that the Russians would strike soon on the Polish-Romanian fronts, perhaps coordinating their offensive with Allied Kl blows in the west and south. (The German-controlled Scandinavian Telegram bureau quoted a Berlin spokesman as saying that the German high command “expects a general ^ offensive which will demand 4 superhuman efforts by German soluiers. '■ LONDON, April 24—(ZP)—In a two-way blow’, an American sky force approaching 2,000 heavy bombers and fighters from Britain smashed German plane plants today while an armada of about 1,000 more struck from Italy at Bucharest and Ploesti, Rumania. LONDON, April 24—(ZP)—In a two-day blow, an American sky force approaching 2,000 heavy bombers and fighters from Britain smashed German plane plants today while an armada of about 1,000 more NewGuinea LandingsSeal Fate of 140,000 Japanese in ed)—A tall, khaki clad figure trudged through the smelly Dutch New’ Guinea mud swamps today, rubbing shoulders with sweat-soaked Americans who had successfully carried out his bold scheme of sealing the doom of 60,-000 Japanese. Like the lowliest rookie, instead of a four-starred commander-in-chief, General Douglas MacArthur picked his way around huge boulders and sidestepped multi-wheeled trucks and suppl.v-laden jeeps pouring off the big landing ships at Hollandia and Tanahmerah bay. His infantrymen, perfectly co-ordinated with powerful naval and air forces, two hours earlier had dealt the Japanese one of the most staggering blows of the southwest Pacific war by capturing twin beachheads 25 miles apart. It was a classically-executed assault, from the minute warships began dumping hundreds of tons of shells on shore, until the last man of the invasion forces set foot struck from Italy at Bucharest and on land. /rea Hangs Up Safety Record The Abilene division of .the State flbepartment of Public Safety was believed to have set a new record with the only death from a high-w’ay mishap since Jan. falling past the end of the first quarter. An accident between Stamford And Aspermont Saturday caused The death of W. H. Arrant. Strong praise for the Abilene division came from J. B. Draper, chief of the Drivers license division in Austin, former head of this district, who arrived (fc here Friday. The district, made up of 15 counties, Draper said, was the only one he could name in which nearly four months had passed with no fatal traffic accidents to its credit. Afinor traffic accidents were also Tew in the district, he said. Draper will leave for Austin this afternoon. BACK IN TEXAS—When the Army came to Abilene—it was the 45th division from Fort Sill—to occupy the tent camp that was Camp Barkeley in February 1941, the second in command was Col. James C. Styron, shown here at his Barkeley headquarters. He was chief of staff then of the 45th, commanded by Maj. Gen. William S. Key. Last night he arrived at McCloskey General hospital, Temple, with a convoy of casualties. 36th Colonel Reports— 45IH'S CHIEF OF STAFF ARRIVES AT MCCLOSKEY I ioneer West Texan uccumbs Suddenly E. D. Ashburn, 82, pioneer settler of West Texas, died at his home, 2726 Hickory, this morning.' Mr. Ashburn became ill while working his yard and died before the arrival of a doctor. Mr. Ashburn was a retired landowner, having property in the Tuxedo and Fairview communities in Jones county. a Funeral will be conducted in the tuxedo Baptist church, of which he was a charter member, tomorrow, and burial will be in the Fairview cemetery. Time of the service will be announced from Kiker-Knight funeral home._ More Fruit Juice Another 1,600 cases of grapefruit had arrived this morning for distribution in the county schools, Co. ♦fupt. Tom McGehee, said today. He has just completed distribution of a carload received last week. The Weather By WALTER R. HUMPHREY Editor, The Temple Telegram TEMPLE. April 24.-</P)-Two ranking officers of the Fifth Army, the chief of staff of the 45th division and the executive officer of the 141st infantry of the 36th division, came back on a hospital convoy to McCloskey General hospital last night with fresh accounts of terrific battles from Salerno to An-zio in which the two southwestern divisions suffered heavy losses. Col. James C. Styron, of Hobart, Okla., chief of staff of the 5th4, who left the Anzio beachhead Feb. IO, reported that the toughest fighting of the war was going on at Anzio for his division which has fought through the Sicilian campaign and from Salerno to Anzio. The casualties at the beachhead are heavy, he said, because the beach is level and under constant firt by the Germans “who see every move you make and lay it on you.” Lieut. Col. Andy Price of Fort Worth, executive officer of the 141st Infantry, 36th division, told the most complete story that has come back to the states of the Texas division's rugged assignments-against-odds which have decimated its strength. Colonel Price figures he is back in the United States by the grace of God, for on Feb. 13 he came as close to death as a man ever will come, On that date, during an artillery barrage, he was standing in a doorway of a building near Cassino, handing a cigar to his regimental commander. The regiment was launching an attack on the Cassino monastery at the time. A shell exploded nearby, killing the regimental commander and badly wounding two enlisted men who were standing back of the two officers. Colonel Price received three shell fragments in each leg and actually came out with minor injuries. Last night's convoy from Stark General hospital at Charleston, S, C., brought in nearly 60 men, among them Private Edward E. Elliott of Temple. Elliott was wounded at Cassino Feb. 12. The Germans, he recounts, “threw In an artillery barrage. A shell hit in an olive tree over my head and the shell fragments from the explosion hit me in both feet and legs.” Elliott said his infantry outfit of the 36th division, had moved into the Anzio beachhead only recently as relief forces. This information was cooroborated by others in the hospital train. An event of strange interest to a hospital convoy occurred Friday night en route to McCloskey, officers aboard related. A nurse who had been with the Fifth Army in Italy gave birth to a daughter aboard the train. The incident caused quite a bit of consternation on the train, be-K2-"iuL S3 m cause the medical officers .in charge 70 65—12— 47 541 were prepared for any emergency fcnaei* tvnibt    .. L ^ L i i i... .8.14 1 but thi5’ The nur5e wa® 5ent 10 the station hospital at Jefferson Barracks, Mo. Colonel Styron told how his division hit Sicily, then followed the 36th into Salerno Sept. IO. We were in action practically all Ploesti, Romania. In perhaps the heaviest coordinated attack of the war. Britain-based heavy bombers struck plane plants and other factories at Friedrlchshafen and Airdromes near Munich as a formation of perhaps 500 Liberators and Fortresses and as many protecting fighters roared out of Italy and attacked Balkan objectives. Crewmen said they had “considerable success” In their attack on the main rail yards at Bucharest In good weather. The attack on rail yards at the oil center of Ploesti, highly important to Hitler's war machine, was made by big formation of fortresses. Other Fortresses bombed the Bel-grade-Ikarus aircraft factory in Yugoslavia. Early report' said, a number of enemy interceptors were destroyed by the Italy-based bombers and their escorts. The resounding two-day offensive was carried out on the tenth straight day of American heavy bomber operations. The assault on German objectives was carried out in good weather which, while aiding bombardiers to lay their explosives on the targets, gave the Germans a better chance the time,” he said. “It had been bad I to challenge these latest blows in the history-making campaign to drive the German air force from the sky. Abilene Attorney at Bar Directors Meet T. J. McMahon, local attorney, has returned from San Antonio where he attended a meeting Saturday of the directors of the state bar assaciation. ..US DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE and Vicinity—Partly cloudy and warmer tonight and Tuesday. Increasing wind* becoming fresh to strong Tuesday. Maximum temperature    last    24    hours ® ^Minimum temperature    last    12    hours: 43. TEMPERATURES Mon-Sun Sun-Sat A M Hour P.M. I 45    53—    I—    68    73    1 47    51—    2—    70    76 4H    so—    3—    71    75 48    4SU—    4—    72    73 46    48—    5—    72    75    i 44    48—    6—    72    75 48    47—    7—    m    74 51    53—    8—    64    72    i 59    SR—    9—    60    76 at Salerno and in front of Venefro. We had been on the beachhead at Anzio two weeks before I left. . . . The tough fighting hadn’t started yet. From Feb. 16 to 20 it got pretty tough. That was when a big German attack hit the beachhead. “The casualties were heavy. The beachhead was level and under constant fire. The Germans would see every move and lay it on you. We had had two hard months in the mountains north oi Venefro, but Anzio was the toughest action the 45th had. We have more of a fight on our hands over there than most folks think we have. The only man who's going to get that country is the doughboy, and he's going to have to go in and plant his bayonet there and hold it. Nobody else can do it.” Colonel Styron told of riding to Naples with a Colonel Stauer of New \ork, commanding officer of the hospital that was hit by a German bomber on the Anzio beach. "We shot that plane down and our .HP's captured the pilot,” the colonel said. “He was scared to death when he was captured. He said he intended to bomb the air strip alongside the hospital, and I'm sure he did’” .    ;    STOCKHOLM.    April    24.—(VP)— Colonel Prices story is the story Russian peace terms have been re-of the 36th, all the way.    jected for a second time after “tak- “When we hit the Salerno beach mg into account the future of this Sept. 9, the first United States country,” the Finnish government troops to land on the European informed the nation last night in a continent, we didn't think it could communique issued at Helsinki. be worse,” Colonel Price said. “But (The Russians, announced Sat-it was a Sunday school picnic com- urday night that negotiations were pared to what happened later. ; ended, blamed German domination “After Salerno and the cam- for ^ndlands refusal.) By JACK TURCOTT Representing the Combined |    By C. YATES MCDANIEL Distributenva?hereAssociated McARTHUR’S ADVANCED' HEADQUARTERS IN NEW GUINEA, April 24.-(AP)--Press    ! Under cover of a tremendous naval and air blasting, thousands of American troops estab- with GENERAL MACARTHUR dished beachheads at Hollandia and Aitapc on the strategic north coast of New Guinea aboard a u. s. CRUSiER off | Saturday, and today 60,000 more isolated Japanese faced annihilation. ^WA°T?if?EA;^Eiril    I Gen. Douglas MacArthur, who witnessed the gigantic operation, termed it Bataan reverse. MacArthur’s triumphant communique today said 140,000 Japanese troops stretching from New Guinea to the Solomon islands are “neutralized and strategically impotent.” These Japanese are all that remain of a terce of 250,000 established in these islands for the invasion of Australia, he declared, adding: “Time and combat will be required to accomplish the annihilation, but their ultimate fate is now certain. “Their situation reverses Bataan.”    .   —    ——    --    The 60,000 Japanese are caught between Hollandia and Madang. The other 80.000 are on New Britain. New Ireland and Bougainville. The Japanese, caught far off base by feints in the direction of Wewak and Madang to the southeast, offered little opposition to the powerful American forces which poured ashore on both sides of Hollandia and at Aitapee, 150 miles southeast. Immediately the Americans drove toward the airdromes at both bases with tractors and bulldozers to make serviceable the excellent airstrips wliich are a little over 1,000 miles from the Philippines—within bomber range. General MacArthur, intent upon returning to the Philippines from which the Americans withdrew a little more than two years ago, watched the Hollandia landings from the quaking deck of a bombarding cruiser and went ashore with the second wave of troops, which established a beachhead at Tanahmorah bay west of Hollandia at dawn. After greeting field commanders and many of the men, he proceeded to the Aitape area and watched from a destroyer as the first assault team made shore, later to seize Aitape’s air,trips. MacArthur went in with the second wave again and expressed his satisfaction to the commanding general for a job well done. The Aitape landings were preceded by tile seizure of Tumleo and Seleo Islands offshore. This brought Aitape Itself within artillery range a tactic reminiscent of that used in the capture of the first Marshall Islands. The landings, which In the case of Hollandia in Dutch New Guinea meant the first recapture of Netherlands territory in the war, bypassed the Japanese base of Wewak with its four airfields and the other enemy air bases of Bogia. Alexishagen and Madang along the northeast New Guinea coast. The campaign swept the New Guinea front 500 miles up the coati from the Madang sector. A strong force of central Pacific warships under the command ol Adm. Chester W. Nimitz participated in Hie pre-invasion shelling, lending support for the first time to a MacArthur landing, rh® fleet previously had prevented material Japanese air interference with the Hollandia action by smashing hard at Palau and Woleal In the western Caroline islands north of New Guinea as well as Truk to the east. The Americans disembarked from transports in tropical predawn darkness for the Hollandia landings. They bit shore at 7:08 a. rn. and by noon had driven about two miles inland from the beachheads at Tanahmerah bay and Humboldt bay. Their objectives were three airfields lying midway between the two beachhead*. No land mines or obstacles interfered with rapid establishment of the beachheads. The troops met only weak resistance as they headed inland with fixed bayonets and suffered only light losses. The estimated 14,000 Japanese in the Hollandia area may a* tempt t stubborn stand around the vital airfields or may withdraw to th® slopes of the Cyclops mountains commanding the airstrips Hollands's once-formldable air power had been knocked out In a pulverizing 1,500-ton bombing assault which started three weeks before. The enemy's coastal defenses were hit by hundreds of tons of shells in the stiffest warship and carrier plane pounding of any Japanese objective south of the Marshall islands. The American armada, reinforced by Australian cruisers and destroyers, did not lose a ship to tho weak and Ineffectual shore firt1; not a single interceptor rose from the bomb-cratered airfields. While advanced ground units pushed toward the airfields and transport craft were disgorging more men, guns and supplies on all three beaches, hundreds of naval planes and many heavily-gunned warships maintained a protective screen overhead and far out to sea. As the first assault waves dashed toward shore In Higgins Not satisfied to witness the invasion from his cruiser several miles off shore, MacArthur, disdaining personal danger, went ashore without even troubling to wear a steel helmet. The general made the Hollandia landing in a small barge while shells still rumbled across Humboldt bay from the warships blasting enemy positions hidden in the jungles. A few hours later MacArthur went ashore at Tanahmerah bay despite a signal from the beach that Japanese raiders were on their way. The enemy planes, however, did not appear, apparently having | been driven off by a screen of American aircraft. M a c A r t h u r's appearance ashore electrified the troops. who did not suspect that the eommander-in* ck\ f wa* anywhere within hundreds of miles. MacArthur did not miss a single detail of the entire day's operations. Arriving on the cruiser's bridge before dawn, the general watched the effect of the shelling which paved the way for the troops landing at Hollandia from scores of alligators, buffaloes, ducks and barges. TEXAS NURSE WHO ESCAPED ALBANIA — Second Lt. Ava Ann Matless of Paris and Bonham, Tex., Army air forces nurse w h o escaped from German held Albania, is shown as she arrived at Dallas April 19 on her way to Bonham. She is one of 13 nurses. 15 enlisted men and two officers who got back to Allied soil after they landed deep in Albania when they 'lost their nay in had weather. Pneumonia Fatal To Ed Henderson Ed Henderson, 75, Abilene grain merchant since 1921, died Sunday at While others on the bridge braced I® 10 .p. in., M°ndrick Memorial hospital. In ll] health for several months, Mr. Henderson was strick- themselves against the thunderous volleys which shook the vessel violently, MacArthur stood calmly, apparently unaware of the big guns’ en with pneumonia last Wednesday. Funeral will be Tuesday morning at IO o'clock at the Highland flashes, the smoking gunpower oi 0hurch 0j christ with Dr Paul C. ftn(j amphibious alligators and ducks, navy planes dived through the the fumes.    I    Witt, ACC professor, officiating, as- dense smoke clouds to unload bombs on a few enemy guns that survived s>sted by Cecil N. Wright, Church of ^™U7bardment Christ minister. Burial will be un* for the general. Food still lying on the plates of the officers at their quarters at Hollandia beach showed that the Japanese had not expected the attack. They abandoned huge stores, including scores of uncrated plane engines, bombs, plywood belly tanks, tons of rice, hun ter the annual convention of the state association which will be held in Fort Worth in June. Hotel Texas was designated as convention headquarters, McMahon said. Ballot forms for election of officers and for suggested changes in rules, subject to the approval of the supreme court, were decided. Fourteen of the 17 directors attended the meeting, presided over by Major T Bell of Beaumont, president of the bar association. der the direction of Laughter’s Funeral home. Mr. Henderson was born in Roberson county, Texas, In 1868. He was marled to Elizabeth Smith Oct. 25, 1896 in Coleman county. He was engaged in general mercantile business in Glen Cove for seven years and was then connected with the fell to the Americans without a Fort Worth Cotton Oil mill for sev-single casualty as forward units , eral years. He moved to Abilene In prepared to blast their way toward 1919 and established the Henderson Plans were made and approved I dreds of cases of foodstufts, and ' great piles of ammunition. All this Finns Told Reds' Terms Turned Down paign which followed it establishing the beachhead, we were pulled out and filled in with replacements. We were back in action again about Nov. 15, moving in near Mt. Longo and ML Rotondo to reliev another division in the San Pietro area. “We started out carrying out raids mostly. For 24 days and nights after that we were under fire all the time. The exposure alone was enough to wear down the men. The weather was bad. “We had lots of casualties. . . . Dec. 15, we attacked the town at noon. Some men got into the town. We attacked again at 5 o'clock, again at midnight, again at dawn. Then we pulled back. Two days later we moved in and took San Pietro. L-Board Inspector Resigns Position the three airfields 12 miles distant. The forces at Tanahmerah quickly overcame scattered opposition, then started out on the 20-mile hike toward the airfield in that section. By the time MacArthur had left that beach, advance patrols had already reached the half-way point to their first goal. Meanwhile, the general was receiving reports from his easterly invasion force. A strong force of veterans of the Sanan-anda and Selamauda campaigns smashed all resistance outside Aitape, nearly 150 miles to the east, at negligible rost. “This was one of 'lie best executed operations I have ever seen, MacArthur told his unit commanders today. “You have the enemy trapped now; don’t let him go" MacArthur told newspaper men today that in addition to 80,000 Japanese cut off from escape on New Britain, New Inland and the Solomons, at least 60.000 remain In New Guinea, members of the enemy’s 18th Army. The general predicts desperate his I local battles as the Japs seek to break out of Grain company with his son, H. G I Henderson, in 1921. Pallbearers will be J. W. Webb, Sam Kennedy, Marks Waldrop, Millard Pliler, Otis Bryant, all of Abilene, and Quay Hamblett of Mid-I land. Survivors are his wife, his son two daughters, Mrs W. R. Hamblett of Crane and Mrs. E. A. Filler of Abilene, one brother, John F. Henderson Sr. of Coleman, and seven grandchildren, The Henderson home is at 1329 South lith. Ballinger Man Nazi Prisoner Amphibious tanks and trucks carried the first assault wave into th® southern inlet of Tanahmerah bay. Infantry followed closely to establish the first beachhead as transports unleaded a larger force five miles to the north. By afternoon this force had driven a strong spearhead toward the westernmost of the three airdromes lying between the Cyclops mountains and Sentanl lake.    .    M Tile eastern Jaw of MacAUhur’s pincers trap was set on the shores of Humboldt bay where another assault group landed between Hollandia village and the Tami airdrome 12 miles southeast. One unit gained the beach, drove rapidly inland one mile to occupy a hill overlooking Hollandia village, and then cut across the main road. Americans captured a few Japanese and killed several more in this first thrust. Two other uirts landed further south and a fourth, coming in on ducks and alligators, drove through the center across narrow palm-fringed spits enclosing the inner harbor of Humboldt bay, \ few minutes after the assault troops hit the beaches a naval party wen! ashore to set up liaison between ground forces and naval fighters and divebombers. Steaming for many of the pre-landing hours within range of Japanese aerial reconnaissance, the allied Invasion armaria bad succeeded in keeping the enemy guessing about the ultimate objectives until it was too late for the Japanese to organize any counter action. Approaching Hollandia from different directions, carrier and attack fleets had rendezvoused at a point which even if detected still 8&ve enemy no indication of its destination. Friday night the invasion force abruptly changed its direction and warships’ heavy salvoes were probable the first warning th-’ Japanese received that Hollandia and Aitape were being invaded.    ,    . Throughout Saturday hundreds of U. S. Navy planes monopolized the skies while fleet units steamed offshore in case the Japanese navy decided to accept the challenge to battle which the American navy has been flaunting in the Pacific since the invasion of the Gilberts last November. M, A. Walker has resigned position as liquor control board in- J break out of-the trap but says they I^Hanln'TaBdlxenmr "ve'aTs specter to handle auto sales for Ben *111 not succeed, because they have Hinder late In 1940 wit been split up into numerous isolated groups. McGlothlin, automobile dealer. Walker was connected with the Abilene district of the state liquor board since February, 1943. Prior to that time he was in Breckenridge where he was in automobile business for 14 years. BALLINGER, April 24-(Spl>-Sgt. Hubert Waldrcp, son of R. W. Waldrop, is a prisoner of war in Germany, the war department has notified his father. Sergeant Waldrop had been reported missing In action following a mission over Germany about one month ago. Waldrop is graduate of the local high school and was a football star He left lth Company C, 142d infantry’, and later transferred to the air corps. FACE CAPITAL PRESS- Jury Is Drawn for Compensation Suit A petit Jury was being drawn this morning to hear a civil suit styled “After we took the town and sur- Rose Mary Needham Mikulancez vs. rounding hills, we stayed in that Car and General Insurance Corpor-area until Dec. 31, through 48 days ation Limited, for compensation, in and nights of the severest winter 52nd district court, imaginable. Then we were given Letcher King is attorney for the two days rest, xxx    plaintiff and Smith and Eplen will "Then, IO days later, we were represent the defendant back in action with rookie replace- The case was transferred from Shackelford county here in Decem-See STY RON - PR1C L, Pg. 7, Col. 8 , ber. 1943 Housing Workers Plead for Rooms A serious shortage of available rooms now faces USO-Travelers Ald workers attempting to find housing for newcomers to Abilene. “Ordinarily we are confident of getting rooms for couples," said Dorothy Melotz. USO-Travelers Aid worker, “but now we can get nothing.” Any resident with an available room is urged by Frances Meador, Mussolini Escapes Bomb Swiss Report Congressional Medal of Honor Winners Back Home WASHINGTON, Ap) ii 24.—f/P>—A couple of doughboys—2d Lt. Ernest Childers and Sgt. Chai Its E. (Commando) Kelly—returned from Italy's battletields ’<>day to tall almost apologetically how they won the nations highest award for heroism, the Congressional Mec.al of Honor. Side by side at thy big table in BERN, Switzerland, April 24— (UP)—Benito Mussolin narrowly escaped death a few days ago when    Secretary of    War    Stimson $    con a bomb exploded within 12 yards    fercnco room    sat    Childers,    26-year of his automobile, the Swiss newspaper Bund reported today. News of the attack was obtained from the clandestine Italian partisan newspaper “Resistanza,” the Bund said, adding that the Italian underground Is said to have sentenced Mussolini and other    high decorations, hmh-ranking fascists to death.    Childers,    six    feet    two,    weigh ed Creek Indian from Tulsa, Okla., and Kelly, 23-year-old Irishman I rom Pittsburgh. With obvious trepidation, they faced a crowd of reporters and photographers, and told in halting phrases their own stones of the actions which won them their director, to call tile room registry in the Greyhound bu.> depot, phone throwing episode occurred 8601.    I    where    in    northern    Italy. It was indicated that the bomb- some- ing 185 pounds, copper-skinned, close-cropped black hair, related thai "there were three ma chine gun nests on that hill, but I only got to take care of two of them—another fellow, that got the Silver Star, took care of the other one.” Kelly, five feet seven inches, 152 pounds, clear ruddy complexion and thick, wavy brown hair, conceded that on “D-Day," beyond Salerno, he seemed to be out in front most of the time “sticking my neck out.” Colonel Stanley J. Grogan, deputy director of Army Public relations, introduced the two heroes as “two dough-boys," adding that “the doughboy (infantryman) is the fellow everything else in the army works for." Grogan emphasized the usual nature of the Joint press conference See DOUGHBOYS, Pg. 7, tot 7 ;