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Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Years Available: 1901 - 1994

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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, April 01, 1944

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 1, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME c o v p OCPARTMEHT Of HISTORY AND ARCH DES THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press atid United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY APRIL 1944 NO 158 AMERICAN TASK FORCES BOLDLY PROWL PACIFIC Truk Strongpoints Are Pounded Radio Silence Follows Palau Attack U S Pacific Fleet Ilcadanar ters Pearl Harbor can naval task forces including some of the more than 50 air craft earners just disclosed to be prowling the Pacific were pro tected Saturday by a radio silence which prevented reports of the devastation wrought on Palau Japanese sea base guarding the approaches to the Philippines But more reports came of supi porting air blows being rained on Truk boldly bypassed by the fleet which moved 1175 miles west of it to open the assault on Palau Wednesday Adm Chester W Nimitz whose last word concerning the Palau operations was that our attacks continue announced Friday that 5 island stroilgpoinls of Truks atoll were pounded Wednesday night by army liberators of the 7th airforce This was the 2nd raid on Truk in as many days from central Pacific bases occupying that air and naval base in the heart of the Carolines while the task forces went after Palau on the western fringes of those islands Truk also has undergone 2 at tacks by liberators from the JSolo mons marking the opening of a 2day strike at that bastion Admiral Nimilz said that the i Wednesday night raiders in the i face of moderate antiaircraft op position touched off heavy ex i plosions at Truk on Dublon island started fires on XJman and Ttloen and also hit Param and Fefan Dublon also has been a target ofthe Pacific bombers as well as Eten Admiral Nimitz disclosed Thursday the tusk force assault on Palaur slightly over 500 miles east of the Philippines but Fri day passed without the the is jsuance of additional communl lques on that daring thrust more jthan west of the Inayylsrecently won lagoon base HtvKwajalein inthe Largetnev aircraft carriers were believed to be included in the attacking force At Chicago Navy Secretary Knox said Friday it is not vio lating security to tell you that today more than 50 aircraft car riers are plying the Pacific He also observed that in the vast reaches of the Pacific we go BIGGEST YANK PARADE IN of a contingent of 3000 Americaji sol diers and WACs parade past a reviewing stand in Trafalgar Square in London March 30 It was the feature of U S Forces Day of the Salute the Soldier 4th bijj war savings campaign Mechanized equipment and floats carrying planes also were paraded LONERGAIU6 IS CONVICTED Glittering Road to End in Prison Walls New York road which glittering Lonergan traveled from modest circum stances into a world of wealth and luxurious living came lo an Swiss Report US Bombs Set Schaffhausen Afire London liberator bombers began a new month of operations with an attack on southwestern Germany Saturday U S headquarters announced Simultaneously with the American announcement a Swiss govern ment communique said that American bombers had loosed incendi aries on the railway city of hausen near the German border I MBI setting numerous fires Itl In what apparently was a misI J ULLCUH I LU take bombing of neutral territory abrupt cud prison j 4te broadcast Swiss communique walls ils terminus said aboul 30 American planes had loosed the fire bombs Dis patches from Switzerland said he bombers appeared over the rail city at a m A later statement from the di The slitlcr ended on a jray morning last October when his estranged wife Patricia 23 year old heiress to a 87000000 brew ery fortune was bludgeoned and strangled in her triplex apart ment The terminus burst suddenly into view Friday night when uller a 2week trial a jury of 12 mid dleaged business men convicted the 2b year old Canadian air craftsman qf 2nd degfee murder Judge James fived April 17 a 20 sentencewhich rector of Swiss railways said lhal Claim Much of Swiss City Is in Ruins NOT INSTRUCTED Resolutions Pledge Party to Victory Des Monies republi can party in loya Salurday had a delegation of 23 members which it had voted lo send uninstructed to the national convention in Chi cago June 26 Seveiu delegatesfrom the stale t 11 where we please enemy to and dare the verdict demands MMHRIATTO IMPHAL GROWS Patrol Stabs Within Dozen Miles of City By 1 B Krucger Associated Press War Editor The Japanese have enlarged their threat to the Indian border town of Imphal Enemy main forces established on an arc about 22 miles from Imphal sent out a patrol which stabbed to within a dozen miles bf the city a communications cen ter also important because it is close to the land route supplying allied forces on the offensive in northern Burma 1 Allied headquarters in New Delhi reported fighting on the arc Imphal was somewhat stabilized due partly to furious blows dealt the enemy from the air The Japanese drive inlo India drew the attention of German newspapers which headlined it as Ihe advance of the Indian army finder axissupported S u b h a s Chandra Bose From Chinese army sources In Chungking came renewed ex planations of their warnings against a possible Japanese drive to split China in half by consoli dating their holds on the Pciping Hankow and TientsinPukowrail ways The Japanese Russian agreement on Sakhalins oil and oal concessions may make Japan eel free to withdraw troops from Manchuria to active war theaters t was argued Reports of such roop withdrawals lately have i 3ecn numerous in Chungking j The Russian news agency 30 ted that in a homcfront shakei jp Lt Gen Takeo Yasuda had j Seen relieved of his post as inI ipcctor general of Japanese avia ion Towering above guards who flanked him on each side Ihe tall defendantstood calmly as the jurors announced their decision They had deliberated 9 hours and 40 minutes Defense Attorney Edward V Broderick who had pleaded that Lonergan was just a simple care free country boy demanded that the jurors be polled Calling each by name Court Clerk Arnold Sayre inquired Is that your Verdict Each replied that it was Lon ergan looked squarely at each man his face pale and immobile Loncrsan now departs from the world of wealth into which he wandered 2 years ago after living off such jobs as constable life guard and factory worker A wheelchoir pushing task at the New York worlds fair was the stepping stone Through that job he met the man who intro duced him to the heiress and who became his fatherinlaw William Burton late millionaire artist Lonergans married life with Patricia began with their elope Jof Schaffhausen killed 3D to 50 ment to Las Vegas Nevada It ended with their estrangement last August persons and in a shower wounded 100 more of bombs Saturday morninfr the Neue Zucrcher Zei tuns declared quoting eyewit nesses Schaffhausen is In northern Switzerland on the Hhine river just below the German border and apparently was bombed by The first eye witness report said the industrial city of 20000 populationwas asceneof destruc tion and horror with the entire populace working madly to dig victims from the ruins and fight ing fires that still were blazing and the conven tion resolutions were adopted The resolutions pledged the partys entire energy and effort to a speedy and complete victory over our countrys enemies and committed the parfy to establish ment of fair and effective world cooperation to sound and reli able safeguards for agriculture as a basic necessity to promotion of the rights of labor and manage ment as necessary cooperative elements in a free economy and end the present national policy ofarbilrary dic tation and regimentation by which we are now ruled The adopted tax plank offered Wingate Air Commando Chief Killed New Delhi Gen Orde Charles Wingate Britains bearded warrior whose fabulous exploils in the Burma jungles won him the name of the Lawrence ot Ara bia of this war has been killed in a plane crash in the jungles of Ihe IndiaBurma frontier A brief announcement said that the plane in which he ivas trav eling crashed in our territory and the cause of the accident is un known The 41 year old Wingate who planned and led Ihe daring expe dition which for 4 months last year played havoc with Japanese communications deep inside their lines in northern Burma probably died on the night of March 23 His bomber disappeared on an SO mile flight just before his leadership of the current airborne long range penetration of Burma was allowed to be disclosed After the bomber failed to show up on a flight between the Ameri can air commando base and Im phal allied base in India which is now the goal of a Japanese offen sive n big fire was seen on the ground No trace of the wrecked plane could be found in daylight Names of the others lost in the plane were not made public A Reuters dispatch from New Delhi said it was believed that Wingates bomber crashed because of a severe storm and that the American crew of 5 as well as 1 or 2 olher passengers were killed The dispatch said thai Wingate had been on a tour of inspection in one of Col Philip Cochrans Mitchell bombers with a mustang escort In the spectacular thrust him world renown last year Wingales ghost army covcroc more than 1000 miles through the deepest Burma jungles destroying 100 miles of railway at 70 different places and came out of the bushes with vilal information after eating their own mules and subsisting for weeks on airborne supplies Under the slogan We have ti imitate Tarzan Wingate devel oped his raiders oul of citybred shopkeepers and clerks Wingale looked like an Olc Testament prophet and often gav ordersphrased in Biblican Ian guagc At the lime of his death Wingal was in command of theBvitir antT Indian which landed far behind the Japa nese lines and which have slashed the important MandalayMyitky in a railroad at Indaw and Mawlu This daring airborne operation was planned at the Quebec con ference to which Wingale was flown at Prime Minister Church ills orders Many Rumanians Surrender as Reds Gain in Bessarabia PEAK WON IN CENTRAL AREA OF ITALIAN LINE Allied Heavy Guns Again Shell Monastery Overlooking Cassino By EDWAUD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters Naples IP troops have made a sud den thrust in the ruggedlymoun ainous and longstatic central SCL or of the Italian front advanc ng t mile and occupying Ml Mar a milehigh peak about 13 nilcs norlheasl of Cassino head quarters announced Saturday The height was seized by troops of unidentified nationality who smashed forward under powerful j victory mustbc Must Meet Draft Calls Hershey Says Washington now on wo must meet the calls tor mili tary manpower as they are made Draft Director Lewis B Hershey told local draft boards Saturday Industry and agriculture must make the adjustments suggested by the demands upon them Her shey said in an editorial in Se lective Service monthly bulletin sent to B400 draft boards Hershey continued If withdrawal from industry and agriculture ot men best fitted physically and psychologically for military 18 to means that the rest ot us must work harder and longer in shop an office in mine or on farm that is a contribution for victory that admits of no refusal by any person for whose protection that irtillery support In Cassino meanwhile allied heavy Kims again shelled he mon astery overlooking he devastated town and observers saw the walls collapsing around the German po sitions Two German raiding nar about 40 beaten back from the vicinity of Lhc Cassino railway station Two American destroyers ham mered the German positions near Carroccto on the Anzio beachhead and allied infantry repelled a small but sharp attack on their left flank Artillery exchanges and patrol clashes marked the snowbound won Meantime the committee of manpower claimants headed by Paul V SIcNutt set up to advise selective service on the question of deferring key men under 20 was taking a weekend recess Two full days ofdiscussion had failed i to produce decisions as to whal industries should have considera tion for deferments The production board army and navy which came into the committee meetings with list of munitions programs they recommended for consideration were reported opposing inclusioi of certain other activities foi 8th army front Small enemy par which other government claiman tics were dispersed1 agencies were making strong ap Allied air forces in Italy were peals forced by the weather to reduce their activities to about 650 sorties by the systematic campaign to The selective service bulletin including new draft figures as o March 1 also disclosed that abou 574000 men under 26 held non agricultural job deferements Thi is a larger figure lhan previous estimated and governmen Another witness was quoted as to protect against the bun PLANS FILM INCAMPAIGN Des Moines the state convention here Friday a color film was shown at Gov Robert Blues headquar ers of his family home office ind farm at Grove Blue aid he planned to send the film o Iowa communities as his double in his campaign for the epublican gubernatorial nomina ion Buy War Savings Bonds and itamps from your GlobeGazette arrier boy saying3 squadrons of 50 to 60 4 cngincd bombers swept over the city shortly before 11 a m in a few minutes leaving much of it afire A Swiss communique said about 30 American planes had dropped fire bombs Witnesses said the planes fleiv alon Lake Constance and fol lowed the Rhine and that signal flares were dropped by the first formation Then the other planes came in an unloaded explosives and incendiaries all rail lines leading into Schaff hauscn had been suspended tem Coastal waters said ji consid erable force of allied planes be out across the Saturday shortly San streaking channel early after RAF mosquitos returned from raids on western Germany Friday night without loss Despite Thursday nights record loss of 91 planes by the RAF an nouncements Friday night showed that March remained a month of victory for British and American air power According to reliable estimates the RAF made 6500 in dividual bomber flights over Ger many during the month with a loss of 46 per cent A new peak was attained in March by the American air forces with 23major heavy bomber at thcir waste and extravagance of the national administration the med dling of countless bureaus and agencies and the utter confusion of our national tax system The convention approved the resolutions committees recom mendation to offer no instruc tions to our delegates to the tional republican convention Tne republican party has many men fully qualified to fillthc of fice of president and does not be lieve in the indispensable man idea the resolution read The following were chosen as Iowas Harrison E Spanglcr chairman of the republican national com mittee Sen George A Wilson Gov B B Hickenlooper Stale Chairman Willis B York Slate ViceChairman1 Mrs Gerlrude Wilharm Arthur ACoburn Cher okee county farmer and W H Brentoiv Des Moines financier Arthur H Jacobson Waukon president of the Iowa Young Re publicans and a contestant for se lection as delegateatlarge was made first alternate Other alternates in order named for substitutions were Miss Mar tha McCIure Ml Pleasant na tional committeewoman Mrs Hel en Mitchell Council Bluffs Mrs Mary McFarlin Montezuma Rob ert E Killmar Osceola R J COALITION RULE IN ITALY URGED Naples Hears Rumors King May Abdicate Naples The communist party ihrough its chief Palmiro Togliatti called Saturday for the smash German communications continued wilh fighterbomber at tacks against bridges along the east coast of Italy Two allied planes were lost agencies have been using ancarl cs SCnJCO 6 miles southeast otif Ufadena and dominates a large part of the Varrecchia valley The advance tends to straighten out he line between the salients vhich the allies drove in reaching Cassino and Alfnclcna during the low progress of the past months Although details of Hie fighting ire not yet fully available it was disclosed that the attack was sup ported by assaults on San MI jhelc and Pizzonc about 2 miles lorlheastof Hiemountain In Ihe ast reported fighting in that area aver 2 months ago French troops verc employed RUSSIANS PUSH AHEAD ON 3 BIG GERMAN BASES Report Wild Confusion in Odessa as Soviet Troops Close In Moscow and Ru lanian resistance in southwest lussia was beginning to crumble aturday as masses of red array ntantry mobile units of tanks and tormvik bombers swept on to vards 3 major and Kishinev Front line dispatches said that ne intermediate line after an ther was cracking These reports said many Ru manians were willingly surrcnder ner as the Russians drove through middle Bessarabia toward Kish nev Wild confusion was reported in Odessa as Gen Rpdion Y Mali lovskys 3rd Ukrainian army and Warshal Ivan S Konevs 2nd Jkrainian army closed on the Black sea port froin chp east and loiiheasl and other unVs rushed for the Tiraspol on the lower Dniester whe1 could cut the enemy off The Soviets have capture main outposts of Odessa an nazis were said to be hui throwing up a middle defensl A dispatch from Izvestiasj respondent said a group oil davian peasants Russians and toldthem 600 j I manians wished to surrender commander says it wouP be treason to surrender so he asks you to conic and surround them a peasant was quoted Then theyll surrender honorably The red army men complied At another riilc sowei r formation of coalition war government in Italy without in sisting further on the abdication King Vittorio Emanuele Unconfirmed rumors that King Viltorio Emanuele is about to ab dicate in favor of Crown Prince Umbrelo were widely circulated in southern Italy Saturday The prince was absent from his villa having visited his father Friday and an aide lo the prince said he knew nothing tending to confirm the rumor Members of thekings house hold were not immediately avail able A 7 close associate of Premier Badoglio said Friday that the gov ernmenl had heard nothing from the king to indicate any change in his intention to remain on the throne at least until the allied armies reach Rome The kings abdication however would remove virtually the only obstacle to the democratizing of the Badoglio government for which Ihc soviet government newspaper Izvcstia has called Up lo now G parties in the committee of Phelps Iowa City and Mrs Lu cille Ireybler Muscatinc tacks The bombers and fighter escort destroyed at 734 enemy aircraft i The months American losses toi Wnman on A 1 tailed 293 heavy bombers and 134 rVHieQ and fighters Including the Thursday night loss 279 British planes failed to return national liberation the communists to WAYNE Allies Fight Black Mart Rings in Italy Naples authorises have launched a drive to break up black market rings preying on some 3000000 inhabitants of Ital ian territory under Iheir admin istration it wasannounced Satur day Squads of publicspirited Italians have been formed lo fer ret out violators in the provinces of Naples Avellino and Bcne venlo Courts have been empow ered to inflict severe punishment m Court Fined for Contempt Burlington Charged wilh conlempl of appearing in Persons Hurt as Bus Upsets After Blowout Atlantic Iowa person was killed and the other 7 pas sengers and the driver were in jured when a Burlington Trail ways bus overturned 9 miles court for allegedly ot 1cre about 10 flislrirt rmirl hoio night district court Mvs 4 Qf Chrislian democrats on the right have refused to collaborate with the Badoglio government the king abdicated An associale of Badoglio saU Friday in Ihc absence of the pre mier on a trip to Sicily that Bad oglio would gladly take rcprcsen tatives of all recognized parlies including the communists into government in a statement in spired by Izveslias comment tha Russia is ready to aid in reform ing the Italian government before the allies occupy Rome Weather Report TORECAST Mason City Cloudy and coklcv Saturday night lowest temper ature in Mason City 15 Sun day passing clouds and snow flurries with strong winds Iowa Cloudy west and parlly cloudy easl portion Saturday night and Sunday colder Sat urday night and in east portion Sunday Minnesota Mostly fair Saturday night and Sunday Colder southeast and extreme south portion Saturday nighl IN MASON CITY GlobeGazelle weather statistics Maximum Friday 37 MinimumFridav night At8 a mSaturday 32 At a m Saturdav 29 YEAR AGO Maximum 58 Minimum 32 The bulletin said that of the 574000 men 330000 were non falitcrs The total number of men with noiiagriuullural delermenls classes 2A and 2B was 367V 000 of whom 2695000 were fath s The March 1 lable also showed agricultural deferments totalled 1722000 of whom 835000 were fathers Among those with farm deferments were about 613000 men under 26and 530000 were nonfathers Class 3A men with dependants in process of reclassification had dwindled to 1432000 men by March 1 well over a million reg istrants having1 been withdrawn from that class during February At thai rale it could be assumed that no more than a few hundred thousand men are in 3A today The number In 1A on March 1 was 1871000 oi whom 1226000 were fathers Class the rejected men who are the subject of discussion in congress had swelled lo 3623000 Ihe largest number that has ever been in 4F There were only 369000 fathers in 4F arid 3254 000 were nonfathers These fig ures represented a net Increase during February of 45000 non fathers and 93000 fathers from Rumanian cavalrymen mountedond commenced the toward the Prut Other dispatches said disorgan ized Germans in exhaustedgroups were running down sticky side roads without boots as the Rus sians closed in from captured Ochakov which 1942 has NUTRITION SERVICE Red Cross chapter here points ils nulrition be of maximum as sistance lo branch of war service the In Numerous Kitchens been known as the Shield of Odessa At the northern end of the Ukrainian front Marshal jGrecoryV K Zhukovs troops drew up be fore the Rumanian and Czecho slovak frontiers 1 SovietVdispatches gave no of any thrust acioss the VpparenUy Zhukov was consoli laling his poiilion as KonevT vhen he reached the Prutj Madrid dispatches quoted orts reaching there as saying that entire Hungarian army m ome cases led by their vere abandoning Carpathian mountain defenses and iurrendering to the Russians Thesurrenders may open jreaches in the Carpathian ences and allow red army col umns lo pour across into Hungarjn proper it was said Nazis Say Reds Are Near Pass Berlin radio said Salurday that ronrhnnrfc o 4tut March 1 in an intoxicated condi tion Herbert Mercer Burlington attorney Friday was sentenced by Judge Paul McCoid to serve 7 days In jail and pay a fine ot S25 Mercer was taken into custody im mediately and has begun serving his sentence Cumberland died enrovite to a hospital Her 2 daughters were i QI v among the injured I Oth I BaH Highway patrolmen who investj iated said a tire blowout caused Italy Tex Iff C R Dawson i father of 3 children is expecting the accident Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy The bus was cnroutc from DCS j lo go lo war any day now Hes i Moincs to Council Bluffs j just passed his eighteenth birth t AUcndanls al an Atlantic hosI day and received his draft call His pital said Ihe injuries of the other I first child was born when he was passengers and the driver were 15 and another has arrived each not believed serious year since PILOT IMPROVES APPEARANCE OF Richard J Bong above of Poplar Wis lightning P38 fighter plane pilot stationed at a New Guinea airbase points to a large picture of his givl friend Marge Batten dahl of Superior which he has attached to the fuse lage of his plane pearheads e rcacfied northern appioachcs of Jabloruca pass leading Ihrough the Car 5athian mountains into Czecho slovakia The pass is approximately 15 miles south of Delatyn captured iy Russian troops on ThnndaT Moscows Saturday commioe ailed to mention any wyondthat point The put the Tatars is a few miles east The Berlin radio said the CzechoSIovakian border pass was reached by soviet troops pushing beyond the Borodenka Kolomea sector west ofCzerno Reviewing the progress ot the Russian drive on the Balkans the broadcast said VTlie Soviets actually have gained considerable ground but nowhere have they succeeded in smashing the fighting power of German units and destroying them Berlin called the drive on Odessa from the north by Mar shal Ivan S Konevs 2nd Ukrain ian soviet oflenj sive wedge and described ahl other soviet force as aiming lasi across the Prut river still another as operating on broadfront near Brody and KovJ in old Poland A Vichy broadcastsaid the Rus sians have made considerable gains and thatthe pressure on lasi was serious Moscow has not admitted a crossing over the Prvit river into Rumania Buy War Savings Stamps from your carrier bay and ;