Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - October 28, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
QUt €*dar ftapitb $**3*44*
Monday, October 28. 1974
. . ....... ...;■.••• ••.•••. V.’.viV.V.'.'.'.V.V.V.V.V.V.V.'.V.’.V.V.V.V.V.V/.'.ViV.V.V.'.V.V
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • J *V* C44 >4 •• |V» • «%4J . • . •V.% ( « I • t IM I I
Tale of two Rapids
What do Odar Rapids, Iowa, and Grand Rapids, Mich., have in common other than half the name of each? At least from this end. many citizens can testify to linkage through the irritant of misdelivered mail, merchandise and airline baggage.
Grand Rapids, of course, is President Ford’s hometown, the hub of the Michigan district that sent him to congress 13 terms ago. The most that Cedar Rapids can lay claim to in high politics are a couple of congressmen and occasionally a U.S. senator in recent years.
In terms of community character, Grand Rapids usually is pictured as a busy, growing (population 197.000), church-and-home oriented, fairly conservative (like its famed ex-con-gressman), straight-shooting Midwestern town — not too far afield from the Cedar Rapids image here. A civic profile in the New- York Times magazine of Oct. 20, however, paints Grand Rapids as more active, with-it and progressive than it customarily gets credit for — in fact, “way ahead of its favorite son.”
One big distinction there is a locally enterprised, city-owned work by the world renowned seupltor, Alexander Calder — a 42-ton red metal shape that rates as the second largest stabile in the hemisphere.
Another distinction is Grand Rapids’ record of move-ahead action on commonplace items rd need and improvement. As writer Robert Sherrill put it in the Times:
“The plain folks of Grand Rapids have not been stingy in supporting the standard sort of community development. In the last 20 years they have voted to tax themselves for everything that’s been put on the ballot: a
new airport, a new jail, a county hospital, a juvenile court center, a library. They voted to tax themselves to build the only county mental hospital in Michigan. They voted to strap themselves into a city income tax.”
As anyone in these parts instantly can see, therein lies a key difference between the two Rapids. The one on the Cedar has muffed more of those than have passed in the last several years
Cedar Rapids “rejected” a junior high school remodeling venture last April — with 57.8 percent support. It “defeated” a library-expansion program last November — with 56.3 percent support. It “beat” a similar library plan the preceding March — with 54.5 percent support. It “turned down” an airport growth proposal in May of 1972 — with 58 percent support. It “defeated” still another library building attempt late in 1969 — with 55 percent support.
Why does Grand Rapids move impressively with quality-of-life expenditures while Cedar Rapids spins its wheels?
One prime reason is that local projects voted on in Michigan, by law, can pass by getting just a straight majority of votes — a simple edge of yeses over noes. In Iowa it takes a full three-fifths majority — the notorious 60-percent overrun that undervalues everybody voting “yes” and stymies C edar Rapids so consistently in spite of strong majorities’ support for good works.
The cure for that disparity lies not in anybody’s city hall but at the statehouse. Iowa's state legislature should give city people here the same fair, democratic chance to grow and build that urban counterparts in Michigan enjoy as a matter of course and put to such productive use.
Veterans day twice
The first of Iowa’s two annual Veterans days hit the calendar this week (Monday), courtesy of an act of congress and a presidential proclamation in line with the Monday-holiday system established in 1968. The second Veterans day will take place on the standard date of Nov. ll (also a Monday, as it happens), courtesy of the Iowa legislature.
Thus on V-day No. I. mail service disappeared and all the other federal offices in town closed down uniformly for the federal part of the occasion. Two weeks later city, county and state offices, plus the state liquor stores, will knock it off for V-day No. 2 People who get neither day free (and there are thousands)
will divide the inconvenience and confusion between both Veterans days, for whatever they’re worth
Inescapably this duality in the observance does what critics had predicted it would do when Iowa’s 1973 legislature cut loose from the federal pattern and restored the original date to its armistice linkage of 1918: It lessens the holiday’s impact, diffuses its purpose, obscures the meaning and diminishes its importance
If that continues long enough, with neither side getting in step with the other, the natural result some day could be consideration as to whether no Veterans days are more desirable than two.
By louis Harris
The Moffn Survey
By WMH |i* m n?, a majority ut the American people f**els that it uus ' wrong for the I nit**! States to mt**r-vene iii Ute internal affairs an*! lo try to destabilize the government of Chile ”
President Ford acknow hedged that I S intervention del take place, although Secretar.v oj State Henry Kis-singer argued that the aim of the I s was to insure th*' rights of those fortes out of power, not to overthrow the Marxist regime of the fate ( hilean President, Salvador Allcnde. President Allen*!** died in a violent military coup which overthrew his government just over a year ag**
A substantial majority (83-7 percent) agrees that "every country should have the right to determine its own government by itself, without outside interference from other countries Traditionally, the right of self-determination has been a ground rule of International law protecting the rights of smaller, weaker countries against th*' encroachment and invasion of larger powers
But it is well known that in a world
of superpowers all with substantial intelligence networks, each major nation maintains extensive intelligence activities iii nearly every country of tti** world President Ford sought to defend I S intelligence activities bv citing the larger sums sj*eiit by communist nations for the same purposes. By a narrow 43-39 percent, the Amen*an |*eop|e ar** willing lo accejit the ( I X s role as "working inside other countries to try to strengthen those elements friendly to the I’ S and to weaken anti-C S forces "
The heart <*1 th** controversy over Amen*ail intervention iii Chile is how to reconcile CIA operations designed to aid pro-l S elements with Hi** universally accepted rule of self-determination ( leaked in top secrecy, < FA o|>erations normally remain unknown except to th** highest officials of the agency, th* Pentagon, th** White House and select committees of congress
There wen widespread reports of < JA activity in th** overthrow of th** blende government iii < fill** at th** time and (barges by pro* Vflende elements that th*' coup was engineered by the (IA The < JA is particularly vulnerable
To the Editor
It is refreshing to see a political candidate state exactly what hts position is on each of the issues of this election campaign I refer specifically to the series of advertisements in The Gazette bv Mr. Ivor Stanley, a candidate for state senator
How nice to read a concise, positive statement by Mr Stanley on these important matters His way of saying "I favor" or "I oppose" is immensely sincere and honest Other candidates could well follow such brevity and relevance.
Irene L Spellman 214 Twenty-third street drive SFSod roofs
To the Editor
I noticed in the interesting article on Sod Town", in th** Oct. 20 Gazette, that there seemed to be some doubt as to how th** name originated.
I have always been told that it was because th** early houses wore actually covered with sod on the roof, not th** floor. This is more practical than it sounds and would have much to recommend it for present day new construction. if the building code would allow it
Fur instance, one could build a lowpitched r*H»f with extra heavy rafters.
cover the plywood sheathing with several layers of black polyethy lene plastic, put on a layer of dirt and then s*ai it He would have a roof that would last a lifetime. couldn't leak, would be completely immune to hail damage and to any wind except a direct hit by a tornado, and would be cool in the summer and warm in the winter, as well as fireproof.
With the price of shingles going up and the quality going down, this becomes more practical all the time. It might seem strange, of course, to have to git up and use the lawnmower on the roof occasionally.
Robert I) Smith Route I. SwisherNEA criticized
To the Editor:
In the Georgia congressional races of 1974 th** National Education Assn has donated money to two representatives. John Davis and Ben Blackburns opponent in the general election, according to the Atlanta Journal and Constitution This was done to help defeat conservatives
As far back as 1934. \\ (livens delivered a typical NEA report entitled "Education for a New America". He said. "A dying laissez-faire must be completely destroyed and all of us. including th** owners must Im* subjected to a large degree of social control.
We maintain th** basic industries
and ut 11 it ies cannot Ik* centrally planned and operated under private ownership " Iii other words, Givens called for socialism or control by th** government.
Over the years the NEA has promoted a variety of textbooks to further its goal of building a socialist America One example is "The American Negro" in paperback from its black studies list in 1987 The authors recommended by the NEA included Herbert Aptheker. W E B Dubois. Philip Toner. James Green. Doxey Wilkerson, and Richard Wright They were all members cif the Communist party dedicated to creating a Soviet America
On Jan. III. 1972 NKA President Donald Morrison stated "The federal government should establish standards and goals The state should make th** decisions but the federal government should control." This, of course, is in direct contrast to our Constitution. which gives all decisions on education to the state governments Mr. Morrison s statement is alarmingly similar to one made by the then national chairman of the Communist party C S A . William Foster, in a book called "Toward Soviet America" On page 318. Foster stated "Among the elementary measures the American Soviet government will adopt to further the cultural revolution are the following: the schools, colleges, an*! universities will be coordinated and grouped under the national department of education and its state and local branches."
I ask our teachers to look deeply int** the NEA and discover its real function. which is to make education a product of the federal government against the Constitution.
Mollie Culver 7(81 Thirty-fifth street. Marion
Public censures Chile
meddling, OKs basic CIA role
to attack these days becaus** of tho un-resnlvod charges over possible agency involvement in Watergate activities When asked to rate the job th** < I X i> doing "as lh*- chief foreign intelligent-* agency of the I S government " Hi*' public gives it no better than 42-31 percent negative markv hardly a vote of confidence
Secretary of State Kissinger's allege*! role iii I s operations in < fille bas reportedly stemmed from orders originating wilh lulu as head of a secret federal security group to engage iii "destabilizing” activities in that country
When a>ke*l ll Iii Kissinger's usefulness would be impair**! if allegations of his involvement iii < FA activity iii ( hilt* proved to Im* true, 18 percent of the public feel that it would "seriously •lam-age hi> usefulness as secretary of stat** arid amit her 31 percent led it would only partly damage" him Oro* iii three people stat** flatly that even ll such proof at*out a Kissinger rob* iii < bile wert? proven it would not "damage his influence at all
The charges of American intervention in Hi** overthrow o| th** Allen*!**
regime in Chile have obviously rinsed ques!ions among th** American people about our foreign intelligence operation** m general arni Hie ( FX in particular Xii*! it could potentially cause a decline in confidence iii secretary of stat** Kissinger here at home
Nevertheless, at th** moment, Dr Kissinger is still highly regarded by the Xniertean |*eop|e Fate last month, a * fossae* lion ol I *44 aff tilts was ask***! nationwide:
How would you rate th** job Henry Kissinger is doing as secretary of slat** — excellent, pretty go*Kl, only fair or poor?"
Pov*nt» 'good pjcclUrnt)
N*gotiw« [ON/ lair poof i
Ford has defended his political campaign by saying it s more useful for him to listen to the people than to be in seclusion in his Oval office As a general proposition that may well be true; hut Americans are a broader and more varied people than those who buy tickets to Republican party dinners. It's a safe bet that, for the most part. they’d tell Gerald Ford, if they could, that they don't consider this year's elections anywhere near as important as inflation, unemployment and the energy crisis
New York Times Service
Even though Dr Kissinger has somewhat slipped iii public favor since last May, he still commands far more respect than that given most public fig
ures in this year of dashed confidence in th** government
But regardless of Kissingers achievement and policy at large, the policy of F S. intervention in Chile stands roundly condemned by Xmeru un public opinion
Among those Amen* ans who want their public ofti* ials to level with them and keep covert government activities to a minimum, there is likely to Im* a growing demand for full <li>< losurc of th** rule *tt th** CIA. particularly where its activities might Im* iii conflict with th** right of other nations it* self-determination.
• mc OOO Tnbur>«Ne* York New, Svt'fl*coleJustified ‘loophole’
To the Editor
Michael Blouin seems to bf* proving the old adage that one half-truth can he more misleading than two outright lies As one example, his remarks on taxes at Prairie school, as reported in the Oct. 17 Gazette. He said that a person with tIO.OOO in wages pays $905 income tax. a person with $10,000 profit on stock pays only $98 un that, while someone getting the same amount in interest un tax-free bonds pays no taxes un it.
That $98 figure is true only if the family has no other income A retired school teacher and wife with a $5,000 pension and that $10,000 profit might pay $8(t7 tax on the profit.
It should be noted that the purpose of tax-free bonds is to prov ide property tax relief. That "loophole" is what allows our city to borrow money at less than 8 percent today while corporations must pay 9-10 percent If municipals were not tax-free, the people of Cedar Rapids would have to pay more than half a million dollars a year more in interest on our present blinded debt. There are proposals to have that money go in a circle: th** city pay 9 percent, Internal Revenue tax th** person who receives the interest, then the federal government pay the city a subsidy. It looks cumber-•.erne and might not work.
As to Blouin's statement that there were over 4(MI persons last year with incomes over $100 (881 who paid no income tax. an analysis of similar reports for 1970 furnished to me by the U. S treasury department suggests his statement is incorrect He probably should have said no U S. federal income tax. "
American citizens working in other countries report their entire income to the United States but pay income tax there, just as foreigners working in the Tinted States pay income tax to the United States, not to their own countries Also, the amount called "income" in the source Blouin used should, to be precise, Im* titled "income before subtracting costs and losses " Many of the 4<8l had losses equal to or noire than their incomes; some may have gone bankrupt. The treasury analysis is too lengthy to attempt to cover it here Anyone interested in seeing it or discussing it is welcome to contact me for that purpose.
David W Prudden 2138 Grande avenue SF
The Gazette s editorial page welcome*‘ readers opinions, subject to these guidelines
length limit 400 «o<d*
One letter per writer every 30 days All may be condensed and edited without changing meaning None published anonymously
Writer i telephone number (not printed) ihoold follow name, addrest and readable handwritten signature to help authenticate Contents deal more with issues and events than per von oil ties No poetryNo crisis
By Tom Wicker
NEW YORK — President Ford has the Democrats in a flap over his suggestion that if too many of them are elected to congress next month, "peace could be in jeopardy " But this is only a new version of the familiar Republican charge that the Democrats are the war party; it is. in fact, the least of Ford’s transgressions in the fall campaign — most of which have been against himself
What is he doing, anyway, at all those rubber-chicken dinners, listening to high school bands and humdrum political oratory before making his own contributions to the latter9 American history and Ford's particular situation argue heavily against the kind of campaign effort he has undertaken
It is a well-known fact of political lib* that outside campaigners can rarely turn around local elections, overcome the force of local issues and j>ersnnalines, or make people forget major national questions — inflation and unemployment for instance. Outside campaigners — particularly Presidents —
cures on rubber-chicken circuit
can sometimes attract interest to a campaign and help get out the vote. But even that does not have much effect unless a race is clos**, sometimes, moreover, a glamorous visitor drawing attention to a campaign gets out the vote as much for a candidate he opposes as for one he supports
President Kennedy. campaigning widely at mid-term in 1982. managed at hest — and with the aid of the Cuban missile crisis that fall — to hold onto his party's relatively narrow congressional majority Lyndon Johnson, overtly campaigning hardly at all in 1988. saw (he Democrats lose heavily — hut they ilmost surely would have anyway beaus** so many had won basically Republican congressional seats in th** 1984 landslide
Richard Nixon and Spin* Agnew, in rn extensive 1970 campaign, may well have hurt their party's mid-term chances, and certainly achieved no more than minimal gains
Ford has no majority to defend, no hope of gaining one. and not many racesThe moon is risen
close enough for his effort to be decisive As the pardoner of Richard Nixon and the prime manager of the national economy , he cannot do much to counter the major issues damaging his party — Watergate and inflation
If apathy is part of a public reaction against politics-as-usual. he is not likely to dispel it by playing politics-as-usual And one of the major themes he has been sounding — save the Republican party and the two-party system — is basically defeatist and of little help to Republicans like. say, Gov Malcolm Wilson of New York, who are trying to project an image of increasing strength and confidence
Besides, is it all that important9 Many of the new Democrats who may be elected to the house, particularly from he South and the West, ar** not free-spending liberals; many, in fact, will be indistinguishable in their views from he Republicans and Democrats they Alii replace
The Democrats have no national
program, no recognized national leader, md moderate-to-conservalive congressional leadership There simply is not much chance that a runaway Democratic congress will seize the initiative from an incumbent Republican President and dash the country off to inflationary ruin
As for Ford himself, conventional political analysis suggests that, if he is set upon winning his own term and imposing his own leadership upon th** country, he should have (a) disassociated himself more than he has from th** discredited Nixon administration, and th) immediately moved to show himself as a national leader of broad outlook rather than as a narrowly partisan leader of a minority party.
Instead, the pardon and the reluctance Ford has shown to part with the Nixon holdovers in the government make him appear more and more a lineal descendant - "Son of Nixon Administration", as Hollywood might (ast him. His highly publicized fall campaign with its partisan rhetoric — recently becoming high-pitched — makes him sound more and more like a smallbore Republican wheelhorse
Ford is doing the work of a party chairman, or of the chairman of the house Republican campaign committee, it may be important work but only rarely in American history has it been useful or effective for a President to do it He is certainly sealing his grip on the Republican presidential nomination, if he wants it; hut he almost certainly had that anyway, and it will be worth little unless he can broaden his appeal beyond the minority Republicans to th** independents and moderate Democrats he will have to attract in the 1978 general election