Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - May 13, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
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The Cedar Rapids r,alette: Mon, May 1.1, 1974 T H ^ 'f‘
SIDEWALK SALE ITEMS
Real, honest-to-goodness Biggybank Piggy Banks ... $3 OO ea
Authentic Biggybank mugs 50C ea.
Genuine Biggybank steins (15 oz.) . . .
$1 OO ea.
Juvenile Justice Called in Limbo
By Tvtn Tledr
PHILADELPHIA (NEA) -.luvcnile court in thus birthplace of democracy is a series of small and careless rooms in which hypocrisy and justice are administered in uneven measures.
Unlike adult court, the rooms are decorated with Boys’ Life paintings which depict families cavorting on mountaintops and happy lads playing baseball.
Also unlike adult court, the defendants sometimes appear without counsel, they often do not understand the proceedings or even know the charges against them, and they stand all during trial as if it were naught but sentencing time
(Second in a Series)
It is in the view of many little else but a farce. The kids facing the bench are mostly poor, mostly black and mostly without even rudimentary safeguards.
The supreme court did decide (in IWD that juveniles were entitled to constitutional guarantees in court, about time, but in fact they are still little more than nonpeople facing a brief and often cruel kind of nonjustice.
Unlike adults, juveniles in Philadelphia (and the rest of America), are not entitled to bail or jury and the conduct of court proceedings is haphazard and variable. Hearsay is frequently allowed, public defenders seldom employ the adversary system and when it s all over, the punishments
By Oswald A James Jacoby
Oswald “Cover an honor with an honor, is a pretty good good rule to follow most of the time.
Jim. “We might say it is a very good rule, provided you know when not to follow it.”
Oswald: “Let s look at some of the exceptions. In general you do not cover the first time when one of equal honors is played against you.”
Jim “There is nothing wrong with Souths four-heart contract. That is, there is nothing wrong except that bad breaks and good defense will defeat it. West opens the deuce of spades. The jack is played from dummy. It East covers with the king the detense will collapse. South
♦ Q J 6
♦ K ion
♦ 107 52
VQ IO 9
♦ Q J 9
+ AQ 10 9 3
V A K 8
♦ A 7
♦ K 2
East South IV
will play the ace and king ot trumps and ace ot diamonds Then he will lead a diamond to dummy's king and rult a diamond His next plav will be to put East in with the queen ot trumps East can shift to a dub and give his partner two club tricks But that will be a. f'* Jefe: * can do.”
Oswald ll h back his king of contract won t rn will have no wa dummy for an. I a tricks he can set ,p H* have to lose two c.jb-trump and one spa ;*-
The bidding ha* West North
are not made to fit the crimes, but the children At least one judge here says the whole proceedings are legally illegitimate Leis Forer, named to the Philadelphia bench two years ago, refuses to sit in family court because: “In fact, the juvenile is not in a world of the child with its care and protection, or in the world of adult with its rules and rights. The juvenile is in limbo, the place to which worthless things are relegated “
The same description might fairly be made for the whole system of juvenile justice in America Police can arrest children for offenses — such as •incorrigibility” and ‘way wardness” — which do not even exist in the adult community. Children can be tru'd in proceedings so quick and harried — judges regularly hear 30-35 juvenile cases a day — that only the written record remembers what has happened
And even when they’re not guilty of crime, but just unfortunate in their selection of parents, the kids can be sentenced to jails, farms. “schools,” even mental institutions where they can bt* kept until adults decide another course.
Of course, the system is not meant to be so devastating It is actually a charitable “reform” of the nation’s original method of handling youthful offenders: The same way as adults. In an effort to remove children from the punitive courts, Nineteenth century social experimenters created the concept of “juvenile justice. ”
And to a large measure, the change did extract many kids from the rubber hose and chain-gang judiciary system of the 1800s, but early hopes of treatment-oriented disposition of juveniles were dashed on the rocks of a slipshod society For seven decades after the first juvenile court, children were not considered people by the Constitution Even the IMT supreme court ruling has not changed this entirely. Children are still considered state chattel. when courts deem it necessary; they can he removed from home, at the say of a judge in IO minutes, and be kept in institutions indefinitely for nothing more serious than school truancy So far has the original concept of juvenile justice fallen. in fact, that the country does not even have a good count of those kids who experience it Officials can only estimate that each year 14 to 2 million children under 18 fall into the hands of the law, perhaps 300.000 of them winding up incarcerated The Department of Health, Education and Welfare estimates that one of six boys and one of nine boys and girls will be arrested before age 18 For the majority, the middle class and up, the experience will be seldom more than temporary; for the poor it can be long and chilling
Large American cities witness the tragic consequences of juvenile justice daily. Poor children of deceased parents are put in mental institutions because other facilities are full.
Neglected youngsters ar* placed in “temporary homes”, which turn out to be lockups and occasionally escape by committing suicide Kids deemed by lethargic school administrators to be “troublemakers” are pushed out of class, then swept off the streets by police, and sentenced to reformatories by judges who can think of no other recourse
This is not to say the kids arc all totally innocent The FBI reports that almost half of ail serious crimes in the nation ar** now committed by minors Age 15 is an especially dangerous juncture. They kill, beat old ladies, work junk Fred Taylor, child advocate with the Washington-based For th** Love of Children, admits “Some kids have to be jail***! just as some adults must
Enjoy all the fun Thursday & Friday, May 16th and 17th.
90 PENNIES = $1.00 ON THURSDAY!
PLUS FREE BIGGYBANK WRISTWATCHES!
There s a shortage of pennies. So next Thursday only, bring your pennies to the Merchants National office nearest you. For every 90 pennies you bring, we ll give you a dollar bill Plus, the person turning in the most pennies will receive a free Biggybank wristwatch That s Thursday.
May 16th only . . . one free watch will be given away at each of MN B's five locations.
Off with the banking blahs! Come on in to the Merchants National Downtown Motor Bank and have a little fun Theres something to put a smile on every face . . . new and old customers alike. Take a look . .
coffee or soft drinks everyone
FREE Biggybank note pad or ruler. while they last
Youngsters under 15) banking at tho Motor Bank will receive a FREE Biggy Pencil
Biggybank helium-filled balloons for everyone
Ripply is limited
You. South, hold ♦K2VAJ765VA644Q94 What do you do '
A —Double Iou have too much high-c-drd strength to pass and a double is preferable ti a iwo-heart call
TODAY h QUESTION
You do double’and your partner responds two clubs What do you do now?
Subject to Attack
But do they have to he jai 1***1 from a courtroom where basic civil rights are violated? Arid do they have to be jailed in penitentiary ghettos where they arc subject to sexual attack, brutal guards and inadequate maintenance?
(Tuesday: Grow Up! Grow tp!)
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