Page 1 of 20 May 1963 Issue of Tundra Times in Fairbanks, Alaska

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Tundra Times (Newspaper) - May 20, 1963, Fairbanks, AlaskaEskimo inn Fiat in rtt Lri a Hsii Taft Indian Nena the spi aka aleut nun gang Koonook tanks the aleuts Spruk Cunt Ira it me 4k�? 1w- it i v of 0 i 15 c tlingit it Kali neck itt forming and report. Vol. 1, no. 16monday, May 20, 1963 Fairbanks Alaska Yukon Village Noyes alaskans big earn in the heart of Alaska near Fairbanks is located the largest most sophisticated a Sec satellite ground station in the world the Gilmore Creek data acquisition facility. Alaskans know it by two nicknames the Quot big and the a big built at a Cost of Between s3 and ski million it can receive amplify and record radio signals from satellites that arc 10.000 to 100.000 times weaker than radio signals that can be received on a Standard am radio. A duplicate of the station a second Quot big ear a is being constructed this summer at Fox Alaska for the exclusive use of the . Weather Bureau. A Tundra times photo i scientific research Alaska becomes space strategic Bartlett says fishing Industry defense in Alaska deteriorating e. L. Bobs Bartlett Alaska s senior u. S. Senator in Fairbanks Friday emphasized the deterioration of the state s fishing Industry and Alaska s military defences. He then went on to stress the danger of radiation to the unique Arctic food Chain assailed the Federal Bureau of land management for unnecessarily causing a dispute that stymied the state land selection program and announced a definite decision had been made to locate the customs Headquarters at Tok rather than at the Border. He pointed out Alaska natives had need for land and were entitled to compensation fyr any land rights that had been extinguished. Citing the need for intercontinental ballistic missiles in Alaska Bartlett said Alaska was surrounded by More russians in fishing vessels. Than there Are russians in Cuba. Quot they Are fishing but they do other things too Quot he said. 155 red ships Bartlett said just before leaving Washington to Fly to Fairbanks to address the Lathrop High school key club that he had been informed that 155 soviet fishing vessels a More than Ever before a were lying off the coast of Kodiak. A they Are in Legal Waters but in there in Large numbers taking Bottom fallout danger on the subject of radiation. Bartlett said. A i feel there is More of a danger from fallout in Alaska than in the other states particularly because of the strange situation involving the unique Arctic food he said he had used the Senate floor repeatedly to Call for extensive Day to Day studies of the danger. Land dispute on the state is. Blk land dispute. Bartlett said he had inserted Strong language last week in an Interior department appropriations Bill that he believed would end the dispute. He said the blk was directed to follow the statehood act explicitly and not quibble about surveying the exterior boundaries of tracts 5.760 acres in size. If the blk responds the dispute will be resolved in favor of the state. Bartlett said the customs station would definitely be located at Tok because the geological Survey could not find suitable land free of per continued on Page 7 by Thomas Snapp times staff writer Alaska is fast becoming one of the most important states in the nation so far As space science research is concerned. And because of Alaska s strategic geographic location at the top of the Globe officials say the 49th state is destined to be Coine even More important As the u. S. Pushes Forward into the frontiers of space. Though the 49th state is not ostensibly important in the glamorous and glittering Mercury project or Man in space program it holds a Basic key position in regal d to the space science research program that makes the Man in space program possible. The space research program finds out the conditions Man will meet in conquering space. Eventually the Tundra times is told by officials and scientists the strategic importance of Alaska for space science May be much greater than its present strategic military importance. The increasing importance of the state in the Field of space science can be seen from the growth of the geophysical Institute of the University of Alaska and from the dozens of space research projects that Are being carried on there. Near College Alaska there is an area so covered with Large antennas Point continued on Page 7 hoi Tkachuk Village moves to Grayling leaving trader with few customers by Thomas Knapp times staff writer climaxing a Long and bitter dispute. About 10 j natives of the lower Yukon Village of hoi Tkachuk arc now moving to a new location at Grayling leaving behind a trader practically without customers. Spearheading the carefully planned move of practically the entire population of the Village to the new site Are Henry Deacon president of the Village Council and Wilbert Nicholas Council Secretary. For two years the natives of hoi Tkachuk have been enlisting the Aid of state Federal and Church officials in assisting them in the move. Trader protects the trader. Frank s. Walker. Manager of the Turner and son s. Store at hoi Tkachuk for the past 26 years has vehemently protested the move As economically unsound once at a Bureau of Indian affairs missionary conference in Fairbanks in february and again through an article in the april 10 Issue of Jesson s weekly. Despite Walker s protests the move is taking place As planned. The actual move was started on May 11. The Day after school was out for the year. Alaska s newest Village of Grayling will be located about forty Miles Northeast of hoi Tkachuk. Which is located about 110 air Miles North East of Bethel and 50 Miles Southeast of St. Michael. Aid pending the Village has applied for Aid in building Homes at Grayling to the Public housing administration through the Alaska housing authority. The proposal to furnish Money for Long term Low payment Loans was set to Washington two months ago. State and Federal officials Are hopeful that the proposal will be approved soon so that financial aids can be obtained in helping the people obtain materials such As insulation. Windows Etc. That Are needed but which the natives Are not a i Nan Cialli Able to afford. I Tenis. It n Ere Muiry i the people of hot Likanchuk pave i made it Clear however that they Are moving regardless of whether or not governmental Aid is available. Some have indicated they will live next Winter in tents if necessary. By the Middle of february. 350 logs had been obtained by the villagers. Using a new Chain saw made available by the Bia. On the project All the Able bodied younger men had Cut Trees and the older men had gone along As Camp tenders and Cooks. Women who were the Heads of households were asked to contribute $35 for food. Agencies help t. E. Elliott chief. Operations continued on Page 71 editorial our position in regard to the proposed Rampart darn the Tundra times at present has not taken a stand in favor or against the project. All it has done to Date is to Point out the inequities that concern the natives created by the proponents in their great Rush to realize the final determination of the project. We definitely feel that this situation is unfair. Attempts to Force a determination even before feasibility studies Are Complete is a fact with which this paper does not agree. Incidents like the one at the state legislature at Juneau where an attempt was made to muzzle a former professor at the University of Alaska for expressing his opinion opposing the proposed dam at a conference at Whitehorse y.t., Are directly against the great tenets of our country that a person will be Able to voice his opinion without alarm. On the other hand there is a colonel head of the . Army corps of engineers in Alaska who while engaged in engineering feasibility studies of the proposed dam promotes the project through speeches and talks at meetings throughout the state. It does not seem congruous to us that on the one hand a Public servant from a military corps can speak freely favouring a proposed project while on the other hand a University professor would be unable to give his continued on Page 2

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