Page 1 of 11 Sep 1844 Issue of Tioga Eagle in Wellsboro, Pennsylvania

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Tioga Eagle (Newspaper) - September 11, 1844, Wellsboro, PennsylvaniaPublished Kong county a. A two dollars and fifty cents per an to of a finds deducted if the year and for Cash actually in of Dollar will to deducted paper d Scon tinned until All arrearage Are Al the option of the editor. Twelve lines in Jujj three times for one Dollar and for every sub insertion cents. Notices not lines inserted for cents. A Schargo for one or three ins Cit on the same. I Liberal discount tide to yearly advertisers. From arc kit t Magazine. Independence. By an utilitarian is relative bearings of society seem to i ,3 Little understood As most i frit Al consequence to our social Well being. Is a word so frequently used i thoroughly misunderstood that it May i Jot unprofitable to investigate its True a nine together with the influence Misin jut Ion causes it to have upon society. As the. Essence of our Glo Constitution gives to each Man an equal we tical Freedom allows alike to the poor Rich the exercise of an elective fran open to intellect whether ii warily impoverished or enriched the freest and most honorable posts in the a All thinking men As equally to elect representatives or be them elected. Yet spite of these facts Litie and Ever must be distinctions of mde in society. No country with out hem and although ours is freed from lie ridiculous Folly of an hereditary aristocrat a there must Ever be various degrees of Eminence in our citizens As strongly marked As of Jnona Chical lie a portent positions Are consistent with oar reason instead of jarring against and irritating it. The Force of education in giving different refinement in causing a Mure enlarged View of men an manners must necessarily make a Materia difference in Mer s habits. A Man woos friends Are wealthy at the time of his birth Mil naturally imbibe different views from one whose parents struggled hard to As like two grow up education will increase their of difference and when grown t Man s estate prepared to play their part i the great drama they will differ As essential id ill vital sentiments and feelings As though they were of distinct races. So likewise silk the look and the Man of every particular do they differ scarcely a Iii a do they possess in it is ten to one that from a misapplication of the word the fool believes him Selfon an Equality with the Wise Man. True Wisdom is Ever accompanied by humility. Devoted to news politics science m0ml1ty, and amusement. Vol 3. Wellsboro wednesday 1844. Whole Job. 317. Mong the humbler part of the far from it such Folly is unfortunate y too prevalent the professional Man and e of Independent income look too often with contempt honest Man and industrious plodding persevering trades Man. They cannot conceive honorable or sensitive. Feelings to exist in the breasts of by but themselves. They believe that com Merce contains in its nature some Bane to he fair feel rigs of daily 6r for bread is incompatible with Noble sen Mients. Yet strange to say although this Dea in the abstract exists in their minds Bey apply it Only to the shopkeeper and me merchant receive him into society. Of ridiculous this is need scarcely be pointed out. The Man enables his occupy Ion not the reverse a Man of enlarged and cultivated intellect and High moral a ure May be doomed by hard Fortune to Pur sue the most menial avocation for a Liveli the Man in All his Noble Attri mates is the same As though he filled a worthy of High in the rank of intelligent beings. It has been already asserted that nature has clearly de political. Important notice. To the democracy of the Union. The democratic Hickory and Young Hickory clubs and other demo cratic clubs and associations now organized and which May be hereafter organized through out the United states Are most respectfully and earnestly solicited if they have not Al ready done so to report themselves without delay by letter Post paid to the executive committee of the democratic association in Washington City d. C. They Are Reques Ted to give the names of their officers the number of their members it is important that this step should be taken to secure a More thorough and efficient organization of the democratic party than now exists for these 1st. That each association shall keep the other Well informed of the condition of parties. 2d. That authentic and Correct information May be disseminated far and wide. 3d. That the returns whether of state or Federal elections May be circulated in a signed different grades of society and that form authentic and official and which can be consequently Equality the too common acceptation of the word Independence was never intended to exist. So is it believed to be equally palpable that men Are intended to fill All the various positions necessary for administering to the different wants of society and therefore that no avocation tending in any Way to convenience the great social family can be derogatory to a Man who Pur sues it honestly and to others As he would be done unto. Our belief is that both portions of the human Frame err in not paying a greater de Gree of respect to each other both Are Wor thy of it from one another although neither a change in the relative of society might while conceit always Al tends the of Independence As commonly exercised and inc Folly. Ulc ated teaches do perfectly right bearings of the two classes r be wrought with much Benefit to All but which is to commence it certainly that body which is Best educated whose minds Are enlarged and rendered capable of looking into futurity and seeing the immense advantages Derivable from the existence of oneness of each part of nity can feel that a Benefit conferred upon one Branch will be an ultimate Blessing to All. _ the higher order of intellects Are indiscriminately scattered among the Rich and great and Small. It is their duty to Endeavor by example and Precept to bring about such a slate of discourage intolerance hauteur and rudeness and to Foster All gentle and charitable teach the poor to give Honor where Honor is that a Man derogate from his own dignity by in others superiority. This is cot be Case each Man May be alike respectable and reflected in his walk of life Wetona will rank higher than the other. Nature evidently intends differences to exist ill men a not equal in intellect the. Circumstances that operate upon men s fortunes tiry and while such is the Case some must be entitled la a greater amount of respect Laa others. The adventitious advantage of wealth gives a certain station and Power. It is use to deny Elliis by the argument that the ii or of the poor Man is As valuable capital As the hard Cash of the Rich one. Granted that it is so Abstractedly it is not so practically ii cans it is infinitely easier for the Rich Man to Sod various sources for the profitable in to intent of capital than it is for the poor w to find employment for his labor. Thus i Power is to wealth which begets i fur inc proprietor thereof. To Man of intellect appears before his caucus treats of the various abuses to Misi Points out remedies for them and of the people elected As member of co Cress thu Rich to feel a Friendly sympathy with and lend a helping to their poorer neighbors. Every Man who strenuously by Labou in such a vocation will most assuredly reap a Bright and lasting Reward in the consciousness of having Lent his Aid to Ward enabling humanity to approach one step nearer that goal of excellence which All Man kind would feel pleasure in reaching rolled upon by our friends for any purpose and especially to counteract the false impressions which May be created by the publication in the whig journals of the results of elections. It is already ascertained that that party have a Well organized system of falsehood not Only in the publication of erroneous re turns of elections but by the publication of tracts and documents. The whig and some of the Neutral papers in every Section of the Union attend to the first Branch of the fraud and the congressional whig Central franking committee at Washington Are attending to the latter by publishing and disseminating one set of opinions by or. Clay for the South and another set for tit manufacturing and abolition districts of the North and West Alsi documents for the North making or free Trade Man and documents for the South making him a Tariff Man. These frauds have been detected in this City therefore we warn our friends to guard against them. Discredit everything coming from a whig source until substantiated by information derived from those whose Effort will be not to deceive but to enlighten with the truth we do not hesitate to say that the elections which have been and Are being published in the Globe can be relied on by our friends Jor any purpose. They Are As accurate Asun official returns can possibly be some of which from necessity being copied from whig papers. The official returns will be published in the Globe As soon As they Are received. When the organization proposed by this notice is Complete the facility for getting the Correct returns will be such As is desired. We Appeal to the. Democracy in those sections of country where no associations exist to forthwith organize and report in accordance with the above. We make Congress is Given to intellect which begets Sta Lor for its possessor. It will be argued in i c Ion that the people above whom he is by to be elevated were instrumental in Bis and that they having the Power to him Are in reality greater than he the very fact of one Man being chosen preference to the mass is sufficient Evi nce of Bis even were it for the time being he fills a Stu i Ion of greater Honor than Ordinary and so above the level to a higher Grade in i titty. No descendants of eminent men derive of respect from the Virtues of their ances some slight portion of a great Man s Falls on the shoulders of his Succes tons the descendant As Well As the possessor of intellect rises above the eat mass. Here Are three different classes who in Ordinary course of events Are raised ofe their death blows to common acceptation of the i the effect of this order of Independence s inst which we to make All shut up he better feelings i destroy sympathy Between cd and intellectual and the states will Subserve the cause of the democracy by giving the fullest to the above until it shall lie seen in the remotest parts of the Joey Are earnestly Quested to do so. _. By order of the. Executive committee. James Towles chairman. C. P. Hem stack Secretary. From the democratic Union. Francis e. . The gentleman whose name Heads Ticle is now virtually the candidate of the democratic party of this state for governor. The people with a unanimity unparalleled in the history of our political annals have substituted him in the place of the late much lamented Henry a. Muhlenberg. That the spontaneous action of the people and the simultaneous preference of the United democratic press of the state will be unanimously responded to by the democratic convention which will assemble at Harrisburg on the 2nd of september 1844, there can be no manner of doubt. To the great body of the people of this Commonwealth it is hardly necessary to Jin produce Francis r. Shunk. He has Ling been familiarly known to them and knowing a prepared to elevate him to the distinguished office of chief magistrate. A Brief sketch however of his this deeply interesting period of our political affairs May Noc be uninteresting. Francis r. Shunk is a native of the county of Montgomery in this state. His forefathers were germans who emigrated up wards of on Hundred years the pal Aminata on the settled in the neigh boyhood of the Trappe. His father was also a native of then Montgom Ery county and at the age of 19, entered the service of his country and continued in the service of Bis country and continued in her service for a period of upwards of six years during the War of the revolution. It was the Fate of Francis re Shunk to be denied the advantages of a Liberal education at the age of 12 years be was from the Force of circumstances taken from the coun try school and compelled for several years to for hire with the neighbouring Farmer but his Afi Tive enquiring and energetic Mim could not be subdued or depressed by Circum stances the deficiencies of education a school a Jere in a measure supplied by Reading and study during Bis Leisure moment and by teaching a country school which a the age of 17, he commenced at the instance of the Farmers residing in the Vici Ivity of i birth place. As he grew up he his obscure position and quickly established a reputation for talents and integrity for singleness of heart and honesty of purpose which justly entitle him to the distinguished rank and exalted station to which his fellow citizens Are about to elevate him. While clerk of the House of representatives he was As much noted for the faithful performance of the proper duties of the office hence in relation to the general business of and _ with the school directors throughout the Commonwealth upon the bub com Muff school education and the and the common school Laws fur Nish proofs of his knowledge of every subject connected with the depart rent and o f his indefatigable and in Duffry in examining every question and in answering every inquiry perfection in the science of government is Ike everything else if must be acquired by close application and laborious study to 3e Well governed the people must and generally do select a chief magistrate resent Tives who have Narle the Gle against usurpation and treason be occupied a pro Flint tit position friends and Faes acknowledged the firmness decision and judgment hjarfieo5 his con duct we have thus a reference to the Able manner in which or. Bunk Las discharged his duties As a Public officer Bis entire fitness to take charge of the Belm of state and guide her in the Harbor of Prosperity we will cow firefly allude to another incident of life Vorch exhibits As a Patriot sacrifice jus existence to preserve the soil of his native land the fool and Savage desecration of our ancient enemy. In 1814, when the invaded our shores for the Pur pos of enforcing the Niqui. Tous right of searching american and impressing american a requisition was made by the Ufi izeral. gov Snyder for troops to and towns bordering on tube Chesapeake Bay against the Savage and june chess onsets of the be Tuy. To this Call responded by immediately volunteering his Servi Ces and under the command of Richard m. Crain the present Secretary of tire land office marched to the defence of Baltimore and served in the division of Gen. To a pose of militia and volunteers from the it produces a mildness of car i seated. I and manner on one Side which Newessa engenders indifference and contempt the othes. If those whom Fortune has in the lower walks of life paid a r degree of respect to their More for mate Brethren then would the or Community feel More sympathy with Litlie and wishes of the fillers of Humble in this View of the Case let us not is favouring an Absurdity com c "cl1 in wealth h 8h station no virtue Honor or Worth can be found or. Clay and instructions. As an evidence that no Confidence can be in or. Clay s political honesty we have Only to turn to Liis base betrayal of his constituents in 1825. It is Well known that Gen. Jackson was the democratic candidate for the presidency in 1824, and was a of Kentucky. He was returned by the electors of the u. States to the House of representatives As one of the three highest in vote. Or. Clay was then a representative in Congress from Ken Tucky and was instructed As the following resolutions show by the legislature of his own state to vote for Gen. Jackson. But notwithstanding this Strong expression of the people in favor of the old hero or. Clay voted against the right of instruction and by a corrupt bargain became the instrument of elevating John Quincy Adams to the presi Dency in opposition to the wishes of a Large majority of the people. Resolved by the Senate and Hanse of representatives of the Commonwealth of Ken Tucky that the members of the House of representatives in the Congress of the uni Ted states be requested to vote for general Jackson As president of the United states. Resolved As the opinion of this Legisla Ture that general Andrew Jackson is the second Choice of the state of Kentucky for the next president of the United states that a very Large majority of this state prefer general Andrew Jackson to or. Adams or or Crawford and that the members of the House of representatives in Congress of the United states will by complying with the re quest herein and truly rep resent the feelings and wishes of the Good peo ple of Kentucky. See Nile s Register vol. 27, p. 231. These resolutions were passed by a vote of 91 out of 114 members. It will hardly be contented that the instructions Given were ambiguous or that the overwhelming majority who gave them did not truly represent the people. Yet or. Clay in order to consummate the infamous measure did not hesitate to violate Union Jet there Are upwards of 90 papers in the Sivate that go for shun the Ball is rolling. This Sippial not from any doubt of the strength of our cause or that we have not the num Bers to carry it on to Victory. We must not despise the enemy however corrupt or weak they May be but knowing them to be weak and corrupt should make us More vigilant and Active to guard against the unfair and in just Means to which they will from Neces sity resort to cover their weakness. We can assure our friends that we have no doubt Polk and Dallas will be elected. We must nevertheless do our duty. We make the Appeal with another View that channels May be established through which we can develop to the american people one of the most corrupt and villainous schemes Ever concocted by any party which has been set on foot by Whinery to subjugate Republican lib erty and bring our institutions Down to the Footstool of the tyranny of the old we do not fear the scheme. Its exposure will not Only defeat its object but will overwhelm the men and the party who Concei Ved and Are attempting to mature it infamy so deep that the friends of civil and religious Liberty throughout the world to the remo test generations jul exec rate their very names. When the organization is Complete the exposure will be made and their plan rendered abortive. Therefore Ganius South East and West. P. S. This is to give notice to the democracy that the whig Central committee in this City Are publishing documents purporting to show the votes of or. Polk fact if they do not in All cases actually falsify his votes suppress some of the facts connected and thus give a false aspect to them. It will be the duty of the democratic party in every Section of country to Dis credit these them As vile whig slanders As they Are ask a suspension of Public opinion and write immediately to Washington to the executive committe e of the democratic association to Send the real facts in each Case to be derived from the congressional archives As authenticated by the clerk in charge of them. The associations throughout the Union will be pleased pay the postage on All communications sent to the executive com Mittee of the democratic association at Washington whose communications will in All cases be postage paid. The democratic papers throughout the u. As for his eminent usefulness to the speaker and members in consequence of his accurate knowledge of parliamentary Law and practice. He was in fact one of the most efficient and Active members in preparing and arranging the business of legislation and that too without rendering himself liable to the charge of out fusion. His value in this department is known and appreciated by Many gentle men in the several counties who have been representatives of the people. His knowl Edge of the Laws and of the history of legis lation made him skillful in drafting Bills and reports and qualified him for that de Gree of practical usefulness which expedited business and most materially lessened the expenses of the government. As Secretary of the Board of canal com members of the Board with whom he served their records and All the agents upon the Public works with whom he was associated Bear testimony to his Admira ble skill arrangement and Fidelity. In his capacity of Secretary to the Board he had n Opportunity of becoming intimately acquainted with the various local As Well As eneral interests of the people of this Commonwealth which required at that time the fostering care of the legislature and which to this time May stand in need of legislative id. There is scarcely a county in the state that has not been visited by or. Shunk and the resources of which he is not familiar with. It is not saying More than strict truth warrants when we remark that no Man in Pennsylvania has a better knowledge of the statistics of the state than Francis r. Shunk. He May have bin equal in this re Spect it is True but he certainly has not his Superior. The writer of this article has a personal knowledge of the fact that or. Shun devoted much time in preparing for publication a statistical tabular of the amount and value of the agricultural productions and also the amount and value of the various articles manufactured in each county in the state As returned by the town ship assessors under the authority of an act of Assembly having special relation to that subject. We deem the Possession of this knowledge a matter of no Little Mon rent at this particular and Peculiar crisis in the affairs of state. As Secretary of the Commonwealth and superintendent of common schools his re ports to the legislature and his correspond their study and have a general knowledge of the Laws we Rich regulate society and Guaran tee Security to life Liberty and property. A knowledge of these pre requisites to official stations is not acquired by intuition. It is the result of close reflection and practical experience. A statesman is not the child of an hour s or of a Day s creation. Years of study and official service have made the whole civilized world acquainted with the names of Jefferson Madison Monroe Jackson and Van Buren and to the untiring Devotion of these men to the political Condi Tion of the Union we Are indebted for pre serving us from the grasp of ambitions demagogues whose Only aim has been since the institution of our government to build up an aristocracy not less dangerous to the liberties of the people and perhaps More intolerable than the Iron Sway of a monarchy. It can form no objection then to the election of the candidate of the democratic party that he has been in office but rather exhibits in. Bold Relief the necessity at this period of financial perplexity of elevating him to the chair of state. His unsurpassed and intimate acquaintance with the resources of the state acquired by Long experience will enable him to recommend to the legislature such Mea sures As will tend to lighten the Burthen of the people by equalizing and reducing the pecuniary exaction necessary to the preservation of the pledged Public Faith. In private life1 or. Shunk has been proven proverbial for his household Economy. As a Public officer no Man has dared vindictive and malicious As party spirit makes the human impugn his reputation for strict an honest discharge of the duties devolving upon him. In every depart ment in which he has been employed he has been distinguished for the same probity intelligence and uniform urbanity. For the truth of All we have stated we May confidently Appeal to every citizen who has had Intercourse with him As a Public officer and there Are few men in the Commonwealth who have had Intercourse with More of its Citi Zens his general knowledge acquaint be with the details of the affairs of the state always enabled him to anticipate what was and to furnish required information on All subjects in the most satisfactory form. His talents and his skill added dig nity to every other station he occupied and have placed him in i prominent and enviable position As a general favorite before the peo ple of this Commonwealth. The remark May with great the trusts reposed in Hinr were such As required skill and Industry and that he has been literally a working Man in few men have performed so much labor for so Small. A compensation his political principles have been uniformly and decidedly democratic. In Early life he adopted for his guide and has Ever since strictly adhered to the political landmarks which were established by great apostle of Freedom. With in the capacity of the people to gov bin them selves he has been uniformly the creation of Powers in the government inde pendent of their control and has been associated with the great democratic party in maintaining the integrity of the Constitution and the unquestioned and unquestionable right of those vrho Are to be governed to establish control and regulate the Powers of gov to Mould them according to their will. His decision of character and political firm Ness were exemplified by the manner in which he performed his duty As clerk of the House of representatives during the memo Rable Buckshot Lyvar. When treason was for the first time in the his tory of our Commonwealth the monarchical Dogma that the majority should yield to the will of the minority was openly vindicated and attempted to1 be established by violence the Powers of legislation were about to be usurped by pretended representative Csc and the Hall of the House was filled with the minions and agents of these political Desper the minority by a Public mockery was organizing a House of repro then that the Ness firmness and decision of Francis a Shunk were manifested and the immortal 56 members elected their officers and established their rights under his served the Powers of government from pro and secured the Confidence and warm support of the Law and order and peace Lov ing people of this Commonwealth. In this try ing period of the Republic when the Capitol was surrounded by an armed Force the office he filled was lost in the higher duties of the in protecting the integrity of our institutions. During this memorable Strug counties of Dauphin Lebanon Yorac Lancas Ter Berks and Schuylkill. Espedio Tion he United with thousands of his fellow citizens in defence of the with that As the people Are Capa ble of so Uliey Are Able to defend themselves. Jealous of his Honor As a private Citi. Zen Francis r. Shunk has Ever and Annon per tenaciously advocated every measure calculated to preserve unsullied the Honor and integrity of his native state. The members of the legislature and others with whom he was officially associated will unite in Tes. Tidying thai he at All times exhibited a Lively interest in suggesting and devising ways and Means to avoid the humiliating but unavoidable necessity of delinquency on the part of the state to meet its pecuniary engagements. As chief magistrate of Pennsyl Vania he will carry into practical execution the strictest Economy. Known to be Prover Bially honest and honorable. In private life he will not disappoint tue expectations and of a generous and confiding people when he shall be clothed with Power arid changing his nature and coveting his administration into a medium of extravagance and oppression. His Well known industrious by Fri Ness habits will if possible be warmed into More Active existence when he assumes the reins of government and preclude the Hope with those in whom be May confide that any department will escape his personal inspection and1 supervision. He understands so thoroughly the machinery of our government that e of finer can prove Recreant to Bis Trust without subjecting himself to Lotical and official degradation. Firm in his in the1 Pur suit of every subject connected with the in the rest and happiness of his Fel Low in his unflinching in the opinions he forms after mature to the Constitution and it Skunk s administration will be a theme far patriots in congratulate themselves upon and a Bright example to to May succeed bin. chair of state. Put this i Daniel god like the immortal Black great gun of whig Gery All Over the words used to be regarded As As holy longer ago than septem Ber 30, 1s42, uttered these precious Confes Sions in a Public speech delivered to five thousand citizens of All a Nueil Hall Boston. Read and reflect its not True that the Tariff system was passed by the whigs alone we All know that thirty some of. Them leading and influential whigs voted a Gaia St the Tariff out and on All questions direct and it is a truth that is More favourable to the cause that a. Large proportion of the opposite party came in to help the Tariff thro and to Rescue it from the instability of Mere party elegant extracts these truly we won Der whether they will Ever find their Way in to the Tribune and intelligencer whose editors would Fain induce the world to be Lieve that every whig is a Tarif Fite and every Democrat an anti Tarif Fite stick these admissions at them democrats that Henry Clay and. Theodore freling Huyssen both voted against the proposition to Amend the pension act of 1832, so As to extend its provisions to the soldiers who fought under Wayne Clarke St. Claire har me r and and to those who were in service under the authority of the uni Ted states against any tribe of indians prior to the 1st january 1735." see Congress debates vol. 8, part 1, Page Henry Clay voted against a proposition to Amend the same Bill so As to extend its provisions to the widows of soldiers of the see same volume same Ujj that James k. Polk voted in 26, Foft a. Bill for the Relief of the serving officers of the army of the revolution. That James a Polk voted for an Amend ment to that Bill to provide Fox the widows of officers and Soldier who my 01 died in the revolutionary War. That James k. Polk voted in 1829 for the Bill to provide for cer Jaio Presb its engaged in the land and naval service Oft la u. S. In the revolutionary War. That James k. Polk voted in 32, Foj the Bills granting pensions to those our fronties in the Indiana wars from 1776 for the Bill the act for the Relief of certain surviving officers and soldiers of the revolution i Vlf newspaper newspaper

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