Page 1 of 7 Oct 1846 Issue of Tioga Eagle in Wellsboro, Pennsylvania

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Tioga Eagle (Newspaper) - October 7, 1846, Wellsboro, PennsylvaniaP. Mag1ll, and proprietor. Fell Borough Toga co put. Jorni lines be Unarce for one Beral the a Berteil for seventy five cents three user Tina the sane Llo Jearly of or. James Thompson for of p f of july 1 38jg h a Jug in Chi Smittee of Ibe whole ale of the Union on the Bill re jibe duty on imports and Pises i said Cinti inn i Osver in my life expend e St real a reluctance As Well As Tiffi be n Al Emp Lin to speak As i do Al this r Dot feel Illo be my duty to make the How cordially do i wish that the tie in did not exist for Lomg so but sir i oat of a representatives from a stale Anil interested in this Quel a j i May say Here what is Well known e ume Hal 1 Atn a Tariff Man and not Anding Flat the gentleman from Ala or Baa sail i do not heal a Tariff Man and a Democrat Apfl Liting vol. Avo. 7. Wellsboro Kura tag Flora hug had culture afr wednesday d say 1 Ami t at genl is herein sir e have As that in i male the tvs they i or w it u 1 1 h us e desire 1 in if fhe o to will i of be haps do not and perhaps Nuch ground to Felicitated our s u by by 1 like to n reads i is a a i Tariff. Regard to Oregon that u declared our title Good to he whole of it and had be forgot ten that he voted bul a few months since against the Only Means by which the coun try could enjoy the runs of that against the notice it was the first Mea sure excepting that in relation to Texas Hal we were called to acl upon enumerated in these proceedings and on the very first trial the gentleman baulked he marched up to the sticking Point out sir as1 we say a false hone he bolted thai gent Tynan i Bould not read of a lecture until his own consistency entities him to do my opinion Bat time Bas not yet arrived i s r chairman it has been said that ibis in a Mosi important session of Congress on a count Lof the magnitude of the Many Mea sures already acted upon it May be so air but Here Lake leave to that not one of All those measures in my judgment Bear any comparison in Point of vital interest with Bat now under consideration vital because the we affect the Industry and Prosperity of the change it radically and entirely and sir Lei me ask Bow Many gentlemen upon their own knowledge or thai de Ved from authentic sources Are competent o determine the full effect of All the can is proposed in this effect on Trade Orr mechanics on manufactures Conse 1o Quence of adding too much duly on one Spe i ii of fabric or Loo Little on another local it will affect 411 at Home and what will be the consequences abroad 7 it will be 7 considered disrespectful to express my be to Lief that not one gentleman amongst us is i thus one the idea Ibal we Nefeesa tily understand All these be cause we hold seals Here or Hal do so by intuition is a very great mistake How is it possible to legislate undersea willingly i email has said that Mel the gentlemen from Aid p in Vonrymon Council i that Irley ii common with i red Kindred principles but Are n we entertain no principles in com so As those who claim Scovira but the Greij ill no longer 1 old pol us told political coir b r to a secs him to do Al him go and to or who think i Hose w ho1 Drain Froin anon think with the Semoc be Lully As by shall in cud St ally a be fro native it shall re f 11 aha ii n t live a i in a i on Faier by r n b i it i j p 1 o i e r v p it r j the it Al h sell of the i t n e _ e n 11 e 3 Coin e rial d Foff a d s 1 a i no i-1 r u i i hut be by authority thai Gen or the subject 1 may1 feel i All the diversified interests of thu coun i thu u 1 shall not try u by when they Are of nor con9 Der Able portion of them common to any Par i ecu mgr geographical div Siori much less to any one Congre Iiona District or to any one slutty 7 Foyet we Are ajl i quire to act As it Thoi Outry with the whole masters of every result to be i produced there Are but two ways Al the effects Likely to ensue the one is by the experience of the the other by Spe Cial we have Llie former of us of in part it struck lie no 1 Voi id like to see commits 01 ii it is be of Ejad no More Many her people ii Annj Rollet tons have it has reserved la this but they Are silent and their silence in proof pregnant Pronto my that those who utter co Plemla in their name do it without their authority let us examine the Subjec hey Are injured will the that the More Consumers Ihei cultural products and the Feir and Aee Bow tact be denied e Are of Agri re producers that the advantage from this late of affairs must be greatly to the farmer7 no one can doubt it it in self evident there Are at present 750 000 manufacturers and Mechau in in the United states to families make an aggregate be with Ribeir of about Lour millions of inhabitants , sir if there were twice this number of with our present population would it not Render twice As valuable the to the farmer7 but if it should happen to be the effect of the Bill under break Down manufactures employment half those engage ent changing thew consumer products o producers would Home Maikels discussion to and turn out of d in it at pres of agricultural not ibis greatly sir it would injure Ibe farming interests not Only be the loss of half Ibe Consumers As such but it would turn them into producers creating Addi ional Competition in agn Cullu ral uhor and prices to the n calculable Muju and can any to Puli ill since we mow hat the syst in intended to be i Ulion c an i Hal i me Leo ii ii Asur or l in Workings of a t Entler Nan i us of Itei Leer fore nose and in de n Ira ii measures Truf each is Annj is but changed by this Bill Bas resulted Well for the whole1 country now How slip i we proceed to Mae another thai shall be equally sue Ces but upon coi Ujj untried theory surely thu ill be attempted with great hesitancy and a coh Villion of the responsibility Are gentlemen prepared to is Ine Moie i just to himself t Vei t i Hope not bul what can he nt1o a i nay Lama i Lannot done to obviate the Jiff Itu by Why sir a on Llie Efton o read us Oil Rio a a govern cents have done Apai c rank Lull i Canterl Iplie it a Commilles to investigate the subject the of decl to be ath veil and take Tesini irony in i Lauon to every interest i to eff i tar Oij Rrt it i i mind of the a Lynman w to asians a prisoners would wild h m Rar Al pack by re Uch seemed to me the Posi Nan in his undertake nun contends idl at which or preside iry d the poll Alai in Iber rolled or 11 a d so far As i Tat is Hui it Ion t a to 1 fir h i o a mod fir u Ion it of i tar of in Piini f r nil j 1 i r r p of did Nirali was d that con once in i the is an be and r this n i 1 n i bound to vote i if the Baltimore i Ilene thai that Corn 1 any to Deere Lilure leg station disconnected Naples of Freedom that we be socratic cause Best Girvie to per in hat they had any inight to in rests to be affected Call upon practical men engaged n enery species of manufacture and thus underline solemnity of an oath Ascer Tain the necessity existing if any for pro Lection let us Nave no Cus Lorn Louse theories about it give it the character of judicial investigation and the people will the decision and not complain if the investigation shall show to the South that their interests Are not injured by the existence of Ihn pre Lenl or any other rates duties they Indusi for such is profi if it be male to appear that the interests of Penn Sylvania for instance need no Prol Clion her people will be Saliski in complaints will by of both is not this so7 body doubt but Ibal the present Bill wit i have this effect7 that it produce Ihus result it s Only necessary advert to calculations made Ehon Jing the i eat increase of importation Roll etiolated under ibis Bill increase of the product s l Olbe coun tries to be introduced into our. To raise the amount of Revenue by Low Lulies up to or near the amount arising from the existing Law will the excess of importations have no effect the people will consume no More than forr nerdy or at present they Are supplied now in every necessary fabric a Val will be the when a i blvd or a half More shall be introduced 7 sir it will an amount of the Domestic Munu Turlure ii will of course therefore Tuin Mil of manufacturing employment Bose engaged to the extent of bit increased sup ply under the most favourable auspices this will be Llie but the no Jurij will be immensely will extend to All those reduced to the necessity of giving up business on account of Low prices that la will be if Iii rest of the foreign manufacturer to adopt sir All pre Lection full be withdrawn from our infant manuf Rivres such is the Fife i if nol Ibe Lerkins of the Bill and i hesitate not avow my convict Lions that without Prole cumin avast major ii to destroyed Edlo seek for i urls Illus ill demand for tins kind of pro Duel and o course greatly reducing the of the product As Well is the land fhe off gland alone take about Len millions of bushels of Grain from Ibe West annually redux Ellie num Ber of manufacturers to one half and there ily of or w and their drop lovers be to subsistence agricultural p will probably not be o in of Grain taken because the consume nol Only diminished bul Hare become selves agricultural produces it me therefore that in Pla e of the Farmer the injury Long will be the most incl Tulip e Ai d Rui Jious Why sires Are Al ways and they not Only s Grain but Lor mention cease everywhere and All will on what the testimony establishes this and for one i pledge acquiesce in let us do r do d r where did the con re the r Ghl 7 they were elect e a candidate for the presidency pres More did assemble prepared to digest and. Decide e of tariffs revenues imposts the delegates from my slate is 8" so nor did any i Jim the North r fume me ten naw i understand in Eso Uljon among others came into sex 1 1 were read by the drawer after org por Ion of the delegates had left per p a majority they were voted on with discuss on examination or deliberation the Grerr Bera present and now sir we 1 o be bound band and foot by them it s c a med or these resolutions a Force far something a o cons i Lional by Eleva a Liem no articles of poetical Faith ij1 1 Obj Sci to to anything that Conven tet to i yielded my cheerful assent eve do so but whatever is exl Raju c Al i i card without hesitancy it As n bed is hear the gentleman invoke v a Cimon of he Baltimore convention a j Astin Sheil me More to hear him Rath declare Bat when we meet it rust be not to resolutions c othe i a words which hide and do not con a Nanjing and which can be used As a for any political vagary but to define Ade to be w Len de Wel Frorup him Rno Lution ire to promote of action which we shall feel _ i was surprised this is All to hear this had the Geroleman forgotten the of the Baltimore convention in bound by it let the report be Nail it will i am ready to conform to it but 1 am opposed to changes on the or speculations of any Man let hit position be what it May or his talents Ever so pre Emi nent Vole Down this Bill and let vgo to work and ascertain the Irule in come such Mode As i have suggested and we shall Del go together harmoniously to conform to the result bul sir after making these suggestions and fearing thai they May not be acquiesced a i will proceed to the consid Etalon of Otner matters connected with this Bill and Here i wish distinctly to say that Between he Bill under consideration and the Tariff of 18-12 i am unhesitatingly and decidedly in favor of the latter i do not say that no Bill Between the two would receive my vote on the contrary 1 would Vole for an alteration in Many pail a ars of the Eris Pmj Law i would Amend u where in Nei iced amendment and change it where it ought to be changed but i protest against the abandonment of All its principles Anil the change in All its Del tails what interest sir been advanced under it it is said Iba the Agri Rule unit suffers by its operation that Ibe manufacturer realizes immense percentage while the agriculturist Bas to Bear the whole Burden of what constitutes these immense profits this to my mind is enough Farmers complain id petitioned to be relieved 7 not a Lori of it if they oppressed think you we. Should not have heard of it in Ellige Litvai d in dependent As they Are soul in they nil let us hear from them if suffering under Jour pre sent Tariff system 7 no men o n Earl to under stand then Batter than Tobej 4o the existence of manuf Tui to Lunf h Bim a the i Market for h re of the mount is Are them to All Ard everything he can Raie my there Are Many very Man icings Hal d nol hear trans Portal Ion Hal he can sell Al Home Lor a Handsone Tiofil for All to shout Euch Market they l All this is not All in be of Nis land it enables it from Day o Day and increased in Torild not be sold increases the Val him to improve to ear it is manufacture exhausted i Fortune or m has worn o material or i Marji Gemeyl and when Ibe t his machinery Roke up from Mia the Fanner beside him has become More Independent Pas a n a higher state of cultivation it Man this is is no fancy sketch particularly in belter farm and is a mire inde Pende Moit emphatically True i but is constantly occurring the Iron districts nothing ii9 taken into seems to me an Effort to against he manufacturer fit of Ibe one Over the Oil to risks no Appeal to Fina so often Latall to the Latler to eight a reason a you the Farmer is always Ai the Mosi inde Penuen d crease his profits by Dir i his business ii is Cei Way to accomplish the for protecting him by me account in what array the Farmer my the annual pro a no recurrence issues Are 1 his is nol Dir ill in practice i always you pop use to in Bisbing the value of ally a very novel object sir i am easing the amount of the consumption of Bis and this u All the Farmer it was formerly urged bal our Tariff and restrictive lion bad the effect to keep up British duties on Grain and this was s to the agriculturist of t stands the matter now the West Here and nay t argument Ever reached t so no More without a ties England Bas adopted from necessity a new Corn Law system 3ich reduces the eco the Tariff of 1842, instead o advancing it has greatly diminish things cannot be disputed and t cannot be exp Janned away by the Ever ingenious but i said i Wou o compare be prices of 1841 wit 1840 for Ibe i irume of satisfyingly Uilham i it a Iii up the to How be from exhibit As Here let of prom of and ill Lake its Des ruin h Iron in Price of the the profits Cle sir i not believe it b. Palmer Eal estate and Coal a Sencia Street Philadelphia no 160 Nas Mew York no 16 state Street sonic oat Coiner of Baltimore and Els Baltimore is our agent for a rip Boob and advil Irementa for Asle. Mason to Tittle no 38 i merchants Exchange new York tub Orimel agents. Attachment Blanks Sale at this office Lail be did the duty go to Tianua Turer of Ibn a with reverence if Yog will evidence like this to refile the Oft repeated argument Bat lie duty if added to the of manufacture Ai Bonus a facture you would not believe one arose from the dead i do i contend Tor this Moll As by a May use the term it la the Al to the Man although not mean to autism i fact of an reasonable easily distinguished Caute to wit Cosick tits n now air Don t Dut Urb Tia Competition i it la great enough Here Arnony our own i Ople to is reducing prices being ought to desire keep o furnish let Intelli the a Maou 20 by 57 to 4. I 10 to 2 by loss fruit has wheat and u Hel ads of port 5 of mag of beef 4 ads of Butler 12 a 75 cents per 2 1 1 per Pound per pounds Bels of potatoes Ushel of Hay per Ion i by Deatly and vegetables cents per cheats per 25 make thu Call Cullion upon every on of Iron manufactured in the United Biais. Pour realing he whole it five Hundred Thon son ions Ai d the Les Jull will exhibit the immense Orrum Pinion of agricultural Pru dual e. Osl 500 000 in the Iron business alone one half of the i a liar manufacture of Iron in Union is produced in i Etin Sylfania perhaps More this exhibition Acio iils for the bile nip the nay more1 the actual Active support Given to the Tariff policy by the Farmers of Pennsylvania every where else where he Subj it is under Sooil by the result Oil actual experience Oves More bit 10 proves thai wherever fac turns exist the Farmer is their Friend use they Are his has been said that the prices of every on which the tariff1 has operated has reduced this laughed at rid undertaken the i ask o results thai in i to show that such is d to assertion has been de m on lion Eal protected Clais of it has always so at first in the Witsel system that it i not and operation if it give ample Piole cd of res a age he investment of the More Money Tea Al ales investment Una ruled and yet no Man ask of showing by a i will now pro the effect of the i is amongst the of so 9 the Price o est Standard of can exit the Evide Al statistics that can led that such i top system for t in Pur rime of proving this Price of bar Iron us Fisl see at Pii Wal Tea at n 19 so 1831 1848 differ do Alicles in the tar i will concede the Workings of but 11 is the of d produce the re lion to any one j Al once you in in the Pur is made at it but Competition re Iroil cuon to Ibe hat the effect of the Tariff of 18 reduce Pancea Al Pittsburg 1841 _ axes cast steel i per Doz to 17 so settles 12 to 12 50 Wilkies do s to 5 50 vices not solid boxes 15 cts per Pound solid boxes 22 cts Deve shovels steel Points hammered per dozen do shovels Dif Fering in Quality per dozen Grain Abo Veln do Hay Forks do hoes placed j sad Irons per p d id til s per d z Vav Agou boxes or Pound do 8 00 i 9 00 9 00 s 00 j 20 0 to 6 s 00 0 03 0 75 to 80 70 to 75 65 to 70 Quality his show7 go along Aal when us ceased in Price approx i is that the Price these in effect is Bow proceed Bose of very one has been 1846 to 10 50 j2j 16 7 50 1 have not made the average b decline in the prices of the necessary articles of agricultural Utility o Over thirty per cent in three years now 00 00 00 00 05 00 foreign Competition of pauper of Europe the get Leo irom Alabama or a the other Day Nied the or nunely of Ihn remark made some gentleman on this floor and said the Wai no Luch thing and Cha go Thole w made it with ignorance if not Someth Laofsse i was surprised Al he remark pauper labor in England Why sir let b peruse the works of an English novelist o who paints life to the life and he m discover that the scenes of v o Bat tin the heartland Harrow up the soul Acen of Manchester if he must Hove i s Arv Fidiah conviction on his mind Lei me Roro Rof to his perusal the glory and shame Englan 1, by Lester and if crore i ill wanting i will Point Bun to the Lei Limo taken by a commission of parliament a i years since. In Ihu he will read and Lea what pauper labor there is in to Glam t miserable miners doomed from Day to Day exist in Ibe caverns of the year to Rar excluded from the 1 gut of Bea enoc All Ages and a i Lexer u Atli nearer instinct to udi Cate the d Terence of earning t us enough to keep soul and to Tope Ier this sir exists undoubtedly ills and this i would Call pauper labor and such Competition i would protect o people the gentleman from Virgi or see slate Cou Pete with on told i that the people of d not manuf Clure could not co the North the had tried it a had and be n therefore in favor availing himself of the advantages of i Paiper la Jor of permit no its admin into the country n in Fator of free sir Ibn Artias pulling the question on i pacer basis this was looking fearlessly a Ile Dilly it the subject and to the Adval Ges of Liee Trade to the purchaser and Dot to its eff do of our National Independence i differ with him am opposed to his dec Cannes and Hope Pray they Rray never be fut into practice 1 would not have men reduced to a Evel web Bose whose la Bor Only 1 keeps up and continues a miserable Hal prolongs bul for a season existence pour Boon of life divested of All Enjo Meb a meet sir i Lur i from this part of the subject and Al Bough Lihe i a Piai j a Midence and Hope to the country Boi support u its favor1 in preference to treat other system which introduces free Trade and reduces the same scale of compels lion labor of the Paup that disc in it it exp in sir figures i i know profit a which the opera inc is Rea be 1 will show from of be disputed or the p a tical working of i periods. To 9220 per toll 100 per ton. Par ton. Can t lie it if said and if the do not 1 have proved incontestably what i have under taken namely to show that Ibe effect of the Tariff of 1842 ban been to reduce Ronces Bat i am not yet done with these calculations they Subserve an admirable purpose by nay of illustration 1 shall use Little fur her and next remark by the Way that mine All relate to Iron being a subject with t am some Lille acquainted As i much con Cerns my people and the slate a Large it has been argue i that the duly is always added to the Price of the protected a one and this 11 the great ground of complaint against the vice of the system let us try it on a few articles of Iron Ware i have quoted the Price of axes in 1u4 at so and 50 per dozen say 610 is Ite Price the the duly on the dozen at ibis Price under sex isling Laws is s3 now deduct this from Ibe Selling Price and see if it has been added As profit deduct s3, Ibe duly ind the Price of manufacturing would be out per Dozer a fraction Over fifty eight cents f or axe Why sir the Iron and steel and Coal with the interests on investments Al six per cent would come to More than this without a cent for labor certainly the duty is not included in this item take scythes at per dozen duly is s3 70 ibis taken c it would re Duce the manufacture of a Doz in scythes to 16 30 does any body believe he duly forms any part of this Price t be Des Price s3 per dozen duty ninety cents Rice of manufacture of a dozen tickles 12 10 in it probable that the duly forms any part of thu Price and that Ibe dozen of s Ckles Are really produced for s3 10? Tike Nail duty in three Centi per Pound the telling Price in four cent has the cuty been added to that article Ai a Bonus to to in manufacturer t Why. If 10 the Price o the manufacture must be one cent per Point it would Freeman of America with Lhatt of r of Europe it is ibis difference Tiehes read Una a ble Protection from free Trodt but i Tiu t hurry waning hour admonishes me it has been said that this Bill finishes Protection sufficient the Iron interests would that i could think so info Tui Lely for my Comfort Etier i assert the fact that the English can manufacture Iron cheaper than we can bul my figures have also shown that we n they get Possession of our Market they be for higher prices than those demanded by our own people ibis i ban shown was the fuel in 1841 and it will Ever be so for a reason very obvious namely that the Sci Market raises t i Wil Cost to and ale Janu eased demand to Supply the hone and a foreign one Loo necessarily Price of the article now proceed to show what it will a ton of pig Metal in Walea in Pennsylvania by 1s43 at an establishment in 813 60 Wales Ocio or 1843 in North. Wales 51 october 1343 at i crash Way i in South Wales 75 i will Lake the medium establishment ?12 51 add transportation 2 80 add 30 per cent it proposed by ibis Bill 15 31 3 75 add for comm non total 19 06 1 00 c20 06 be absurd to Luppie thu to Ibe Iron Itie of Costi about am Noble be Iuie of now Lake the average of a ton of pig Metal in i will admit Bat ome can produce it a trifle be air mid to lome it coir Roach take an average therefore and fall shoo re of transportation to Market commission ill not of 2 to 1 00 ass f or Bouc 1b a 30 per cent duly the five do lira per ton against i above sir 11 the relative the Iron to and

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